The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 30, 1950 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, November 30, 1950
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF HORTHEAST ARKANSA1 AND •OUTHIAST MISSOURI .„ • Blytluvllle Daily Newt Mltilsslppl Valley Uader VOL. XLVI—NO. 216 Blythevlll« Courier Blytheville Herald BIA'THEVIU-E, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1950 TWENTY PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS ATOMIC BOMB WILL BE USED 'IF NECESSARY' . 80,000 Reds Open New Offense in East Curious Lull Falls Over Frozen Front In Northwest Area SEOUp, Nov. 30. (AP)—Eighty thousand Chinese Reels on a hew offensive were reported attacking United Nations forces in Northeast Korea today. A curious lull fell on the frozen bloody battlefronts in the northwest. Ma]. Gen. Edward M. Almond told war reporters six to 10 Chinese divisions "suddenly confronted" his 10th Corps forces in the northeast. U. Gen. Walton H. Walter's, Eighth Army in the northwest was similarly faced with 200.000 Red Chinese at the outset of the Communist offensive last \veekend. American Marines and infantry- &pn around the Changjin reservoir ^ere surrounded in Almoiut's area. They were battling fiercely but the Marine supply route was cut. Intelligence officers said probably six of the divisions mentioned by Almond were in the forward attack- Ing force. Some Red tanks were ii use there. In the northwest. AP Correspondent Hal Boyle reported alter aerial observation that the last American troops protecting the bitter retreat of the U.S. Eighth Army across the Icy Chongchon River pulled back safely throuch flaming Kunu. Fighter plants stralcd Chinese moving to\vard the town. American vehicles crunched over the frozen brown road westward toward Auju, coastal communications hub, to join other United Nations forces retreating to a new and shaiply constricted line. An Eighth Army spokesman said wintry Quiet prevailed over most of the northwest front throughout Thursday. This was confirmed by "a situation of unparalleled danger" to world peace. Chinese Past Supply Line? The Chinese may have paused because of over-extended supply lines from Red Manchuria, or ,to regroup their attacking hordes. Or perhaps some undercover diplomatic decision prompted the halt. Heavily - hit, the 110,000-man Eighth Army was trying to estab- * n | lish a new line south of Chong- chon and north of the former Red Sea WAR on Pag« 13 REDS CONTINUR SWEEP—Allied forces in Northeast Korea (C) were hard-hit today by 80,000 Red Chinese as a curious lull moved into the northwest sector where the Eighth Army managed to flee safely to flaming Kunu (Sector indicated by (B) ). Arrows indicate areas fighting during the past two days of war—United Nations units pulled back all along these lines (AF. IVirephoto Map). in the face of overwhelming Red forces Atomic Bomb Question Divides Congressmen WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. <AP>—Congress members divided slmrply (oday in (heir reaction to President Truman's report tiinl use of the atomic bomb against Chinese Communists Is being considered. Senator Brewstcr iR-Me), who has been urging use of atomic bombs, said "It's high time." "We ought to use it against Chinese troop concentrations and ammunition dumps." Brewstcr told newsmen. "1 think It would save a thousand of oin* troops in (he next two weeks." Senator Mlllikln (R-Colo), a member of the joint Congressional Atomic Committee, took a different and more cautious view. "That's the most serious weapon that could be used," Millikin said. "It should not be used short of dire necessity. It may be that we have the dire necessity. It should not be used Impetuously." Senator Young (R-lml) op|»scd use of the atomic bomb against Chinese Communist troops. Only Important Tarffcl.l "It should be used only against- The lull came , after Americans, 'British and Twits checked Communist efforts to unhinge the right flank and pin the Allies against the Yellow Seashore of west Korea. , The..spokesman said .the Chinese continued to pour men' and equipment toward U.N. forces, but that little ground contactbfivas reported. In the.'northeast, AP Correspondent Tom stone reported Chinese in overwhelming force continued their assaults on the U.S. First Marine Division and American infantrymen around Chaiigjin reservoir. The heaviest fighting was northwest, of the reservoir, three miles west of Yudani. Elements of the Fifth and Seventh Marine Regiments were encircled. Also under heavy attack and isolated was the first regiment, on the south. Red roadblocks were wedged between the Leatherneck regiments <wd clamped on their 51-mile overland supply route to Hamhung on the east coast. "Moderate Attack" Fell On the cost side of the reservoir, a spokesman said, elements of two J|.S. Seventh Division regiments ~%Cre under "moderate attack." but supplies were reaching them. Marine ond carrierTbasecl U.S. Navy flghlevs gave the doughboys and leathernecks close support. One flight of Marine Corsairs strafed Chinese dug in only 30 yards from the GIs, Contrasting with this sharp i fighting was tl:c puzzling quiet in the northwest. It coincided u'ilhl U.S. Secretary of State Acheron's j grave warning from Washington that the Chinese offensive created Soviet Veto Expected to Toss Korean Issue into Assembly LAKE SUCCESS, Nov. 30. (AP)—A Russian veto today \vas expected Lo block Security Council action on Korea—and the Western powers planned to indict the Chinese Communists within 24 hours in the U. N. General Assembly. The Assembly has scheduled a* plenary session at Flushing Meadow tomorrow to consider several-social items. "It. thus -will be available Lo once United States Chinese Commu- in Korea grnvcly world's^ peace. While the Assembly'can only recommend ' Us powers in that direc- Hermon Cmrllon tion are limitless. It could urge the 60 member governments to apply economic and diplomatic sanctions Yule Parade Deadline For Floats Advanced The deadline lor float entries lo register for Ihe Christmas Parade to be held in Blj'theville Tuesday night, has been extended lo mldnigh againstVMao Tze-Tung's Peipfng re- | Monday, Dec. 4, Barney Cockrell, chairman of the Christmas Acliviliu. Carlton Named Kiwanis Head Harrison Elected Vice President, Evrard Secretary Hennon Cnrlton was elected pre sident of the BlytheviHc Kiwanis Club at the annual election of club officers yesterday noon. Mr. CarHon, who served as vlee- prcsident of the ctub last year, will succeed Tom A. Little Jr., as president. Oilier officers elected yesterday were Arthur S. Harrison, vice-president, and Joe Evrnrd, secretary treasurer. Seven members of the board of directors also were elected. They arn Alvin Hardy, Dick Watson, Judge Graham Sudbury, Freeman Robinson, Bob Logan, George Hubbard, Jr., and Jack Chairiblin. The new officers will assume their duties in January. GtiP.sts ;:t yesterday's meeting SVCLT -loj-eph Neely and Scott Wor- Weather Arkansas forecast: Pnrlly cloudy, a Illlle warmer this afternoon, cold- CLOUDY AND THREATENING cr Friday and In north portion to- slight. Missouri forecast: Partly cloudy tonight and Friday: somewhat colder east centra! tonight, warmer Friday; low tonight 25-30 north. 28-32 south: high Friday 48-52 north, 54-58 south. .•'Minimum this mornins—49. " Maximum yesterday—33. Sunset today—4:50. Sunrise tomorrow—6:47. Precipitation 24 hours lo 7 a.m today—none. '»£«1 since Jan. 1—5954. SsjjjR, temperature (midway be- twcuRhlgh and lowl—41. Normal mean temperature for November—50.2 This Dale Last Year Minimum (his inornlng—4!. Maximum yesterday—78. Precipitation Jan, -41 OS. I to this ,da.tc Chest Drive Total Passes Half-Way Point The 1050 Community Chest drive passed the half-way mark yesterday when contributions amounting to $1.763 swelled the total amount contributed to S 13.366. This Is S20S over the halt-way mark of S13.070 which is one- half the goal of $26,140 established when the drive got under way Nov. 20- This \\s.o brings lo a total of $6.763 the amount of contributions received since Monday and surpasses [ast \ceks entire lota) Of S6.G06 by 4157. gime.'It also could call on Ihe members to' rush more men and arms for ;Gen. Douglas MacArthur's hard-pressed United Nations forces in Korea. Kven if it avoided taking such firm steps at this stage of the crisis, the Assembly still could record the majority's condemnation ot the Chinese Communists. Chief American Delegate Warren R. Austin appeared to foreshadow such a condemnation yesterday when he told the Security Council the Chinese Reds have defied two-thirds of the world. He warned the Communists to take heed lest "all men's hands" be turned against them. The Council has before it a six- power resolution calling for withdrawal of Chinese Communist troops from Korea and giving Pel- ping assurances that the U.N. lorr t will not cross the Korean-Chinese border. The Soviet- delegation already has made plain it wiU veto the resolution. That would clear the way for tossing the whole matter to the veto-free assembly. The Council probably will uol reach a vote on Korea until tills afternoon. Austin issued this warning yesterday: "The United Nations will not submit to threats. The United Nations stands againM. ngprewion." Asking whether Ihore will be peace or war in Ihe Far East, he said: "The world waits anxiously for the answer." He called for' prompt Council action on Ihe six-* power resoltuion. Austin said the grave news from the front places on Peiping ?;uvny \Vu Hsiu-chuan the 'duty of answering what his troops aje doing in Korea." Wu has claimed Ihe Chinese Reds fight in? MacArlhur's men are "volunteers" who rushed to the aid of the Koreans. Austin has stated this is a complete distortion of facts. Committee of '.the sponsoring Merchants Division of the Chamber o ommerce, announced this morning. The 'original deadline s et was last year's winner. midnight-tonight, but the new'dead- , ine was -established at the request of several ''persons who wish to enter Uoats.'ithd were unable to register by today. Mr. Cockrell also announced that entry fee is being charged float entrants. The Osceola. Kciser. Blytheville and Portagcville, Mo., High School bands have registered for the parade and others are expected to Uike part in the festivities. Floats already entered in the parade in quest of Lhe $485 in prize money include Sudbury. Lange mid lilylheville High School PTA's, Girl Scout Lone Troop Association, Band Mother's Club. Lions Club. Junior Red Cross and the Promised Land Negro school. The Band Mothers' Club was eally Important and permanent ru-gets," Young snld. "That Is not lie present case from the facts *\ r c el." Senator Mayhank (D-SC) commented llmL "certainly every con- idcralion should be given to use f the atomic bomb." Senator Flanders (R-VL) said he ,-ould favor use ot Ihe atomic bomb .gainst Chinese Invaders "only if he United Nations Assembly shuold artier ami approve of that/ 1 "There are many other consider- Lions in its use," he milled. EluUtlation Feared Several senators pointed otil that U, 5. use of the bomb might in- Ite o,r even force retaliation or isc of the most powerful weapons or n surprise nUnck upon this -ountry, probably Including Wash- ngton. Brewsler snld that did not worry lim. "We might as well Inive a showdown now," Brewsler said referring reports that Russia, has been able to produce the atomic bomb. T don't think Russia has It," Brewster continued. "And , I am upportcd itj that by Dr. Kari Compton, one of our lending scientists." Brewstcr quoted Compton us saying ill At belief Russia has the bomb was bnsecl ujxm pure assumptions that had not been established. Approval by UN Is Not Necessary, President Asserts WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. (AP)—President Truman declared today the United Nations forces will not back down in Korea, and that the atom bomb will be used if necessary to meet the military situation. Mr. Truman told sin overflow news conference that ic bomb could be used without United Nations approval. [e said it is one of America's many military weapons and lis country is fi'ee to use its weapons. The sponsoring organization w l' also have B Santa Claus float i the parade, but will not compel for the prize money. Officials announced that the parade would get under way nt the east end of Main Street at 7:30 p.m.. Dec. 5, and that in case of bad weather it would be postponed until Thursday evening, Dec. 7. New York Stocks New York Cotton 1:30 Dec, Mar. May July Oct. 4239 4224 Open High Low 4210 4260 4210 4205 4253 4203 4140 4189 4138 4157 4095 4138 4095 410G 3615 3685 3680 3675 Community Committee men for PMA Program Elected in North Missco Leachville, Manila Weekly Papers Sold Sale of two county weekly newspapers was announced today by Kendall Berry of Blvtbex'lllc. Mr. Derry said that Sam M. Hodge?, publisher of the Osceola Times, has acquired Manila's Mississippi County Sentinel and the Leachville Star. Mr. Hodges began printing of the Sentinel this week and will assiime active management of the Leachville paper "as soon as pas- sible." Mrs. Max Isaacs has been named ocal editor for the Manila paper. Both newspapers will be printed Osceola. The transaction. Mr Hodges said, did not Involve plants or machinery. Mr. Berry has been publisher of the Manila papcr'for over 23 years He began publishing In Leachville approximately 18 years ago. Future of Mr. "Berry's printing shop In Leachville U unccttaln. He said he had no definite plans regarding operation of that organb. ation. Commenting on acquisition of thi two newspapers, Mr. Hodges said "It Is our hope lo give these two communities the v?Pe of newspape they deserve." 1:30 p.m. Quotations:. AT&T Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper Beth Steel ! hrysler toca Cola icn Electric !cn Motors lonlgomery Ward ' Y Central nt Harvester C Penney Republic Slcel ladlo aocony Vacuum Soybeans Returns from 13 North Mississippi County communities In Saturday's election to select community com- mittccrnch for ihc Production and Marketing Administration's farm program werr' »n bounced this morning by Floyd" p. Crouch, ot Uh. BlvthtvilU PMA oltlc*. The commilteemen were elected by farmers of the various communities who arc eligible for benefits under the PMA program. They will direct the program In their respective communities. Voting in the election. Mr. Crouch Et* PNA M P»«t 1] N. O. Cotton Dee. Mar. May July OcU Open High Low , 4225 424S 4205 , 4196 423S 4194 . 4133 4179 4131 . 4069 41% 4MQ . M70 36rO M4t 414 409« 150 !-2 65 3-4 35 5-3 41 7-8 68 1-4 118 1-2 47 S-R 46 1-1 63 16 1-2 68 1-2 42 .1-8 16 7-8 24 5-8 Open High I/)W 288 2[)2'-i 288 290'i 291'i 230'.; ...... 291 293'.i 28!Hi asail 203"i 2891! 289 i 292' Industrial Fund Drive Launched Campaign Workers Attend Kick-Off Meet $100,000 Is Sought Work on raising $100,000 To Blythcville's Industrial foundatlo: begon tost night when 50 worker attended n klck-oIC meeting nt Ho tel Noble. Approximately 15 persons will be gin calling on local business firm today to get pledges for the foun daUon which will be used lo en He industry to the city. B. Russet 1 Hays, chairman of t-h general fund campaign, snld la. night's meeting v,n:> "as cnlluisias tic a Wck-ol[ dinner ns I have eve <;ccn In Blythevllle." First report meeting for workc will be Friday. It was pointed out that a delegation Is scheduled Lo meet with an active Industrial prospect over the weekend and that this group is eager for a report on the dilvc's progress. Incorporation papers for the Biythcvillc Investment Corporation (the Industrial (ovintlalion) have been filed with Secretary of .Sinte C. G. Hall In Little Rock. Tlic organization la being Incorporated as a profit, slock company and stockholders will -;lcct a board of directors which will tilrccl Investment of funds. Stock in the corporation will tjc luge U.S. Atomic ixpansion Plan iosts Indicated War Crisis Increases Demand for Billion DoHar Program WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. (tT) •". lie Blowing war crisis appeared od»y Lo be pressuring up a Lrem'en- ous expansion of nLomlc facilities or which Congress may be asked-to ny out Sl,500,000,tlOO. This was Indicated lodny In nd ancc of * closed meeting ot th Atomic Energy Commission will he Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee. present Ide for atomic bombs and hydro gen weapon development. Two UiltiRs appeared' cerinlu First, Hint an alarmed Congress wi! provide the money and. second, tha nnoUicr whopping A KG money re quest will be made to Hie new Con ess which' convenes Jim. 3.. Cosily Developments Both the figures men! loncil likely rctiucsL this year arc imnfM clal, hut there were UmL mighty and cosily dcvel opmetit.s In the alomlc-hydrogn field wtie In Uie oiling. These In eluded: I. The threat of a new world WEV posed by the entry of the Chlne. c Communists into the North Korea fighting. 1. The AEG announcement* TUBS- ] day that a South Carolina site 1ms | been selected , for new facilities. It j Is expected they will turn out In- j grcdicnts which can be used lor the! super hydrogen bomb. The Initial cost, for which Congress already has provided funds, will be $2CO.- 000,000, i Kxpnnsion Prrdlcluri 3. The prediction of Rep. Gore (D-Tcnu) that he anticipates "very large supplemental requests" lor money for an cxpnnslon of atomic nnri power facilities to be carried on "within the Tennessee Valley Authority distribution territory." 4. An unconfirmed report which f'irculalcd around Capitol lllll ycs- terdftv that the AEC will seek funds to build n new atomic plant in southeast- Kentucky. However, he .said the atomic bomb R terrible weapon and he. doesn't kc to use It because it brings inny victims among men, women Jul children. As for sending United States and Hied forces beyond the Manchu- Inn border, the president, snM that would be decided by the U.N. Mr, Truman mnde these informal emarks after reading * formal talcmcnt denouncing in strong angunge the Chinese Communist lu Koren. He said th« United Stales will meet the sllua- Ion In three wnys: I. The IJ. S. will continue U work In the United XaMims for "concerted action to hall llili Aggression In Korea." 2.11 will Intensify U A effort* to help other free nations strengthen their defenses "lo me«l th« threat of aggression elsewhere." 3. Jl wllj rapidly Increase it* »wn military strength. The President satd he will send :o Congress in a few days a request for morn money to increase the &lz« nnd ( effectiveness of our armerf- forces. ,''..' What 1 total it would amount for Only Truman Cap Order Use of the Atom 'Bomb WASHINGTON, Nov. .10. (ff*)— The Wtiile House said totiaj I'resideni Truman's news conference remarks about Die atom Iiornb ilitt not mean" Cm, I>ouj[- l:ift .M;icAr(hur himself can order the us*! of the bomb. The White House salrf under the law the atomtc hornbs arn In (ustody of the Atomic Energy (,'rimmlssion, and only President Truman can order the MM of an 'Atomic bomb. American Casualties Rise WASHINGTON. NOV. 30. M'l— American casualties In the Korean negotiable, Just as is slock In any War rose today lo 31.028. ah In- corno.-atlon. 'crease of 1.032 over a week ago. -fous« Group Reaches Compromise— Excess Profits Tax Bill Is Approved WASHINGTON. Nov. 30. (AP)— The House Ways and Means Committee today agreed on a compromise excess profits lax bill estimated to yield J3.400.000.000 a year, it would be retroactive to last July 1. As drafted, the bill's estimated rcenue falls short ol President Truman's goal of 44,000,000,000 annually. This results from casing of the tax rate originally proposed by the administration. . Chairman Doughton (D-NC) told siphon of! what Mr. Truman called "abnormal" business earnings, will be introduced in the House tomor- Yesterday, a day of voting had down-lhe-riiU up-anii- left the i.sc which might embody both excels nrolit-s tax arid an Increase In present, corporate income rates. Opponents of the President's pro- the atomic energy program, In addition to large amounts for the Army. Navy and Air Force. Conference Schrdulerl He will confer with congressional leaders tomorrow and urge them to give prompt consideration to the new funds. The President in his formal statement reiterated American policy to stand by Us commitment'to work lor a peaceful world through the UN. He said the battlefield situation Src ATOM IIO.MH on ]>;i s e 13 Chinese Decline Comment on Talk LAKE SUCCESS, Nov. 30. 'Ft— The Chinese Communist delegation to the United Nations declined Comment today on President Truman's statement that use of the atomic bomb against the Chinese Communists is under consideration. Pu Shan, a member of the Red delegation, was sho\s*n a news dispatch of the president^ statement. He said Gen. \vu Hsiu-chuan. head of the delegation, would have nothing to say at thts time. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Jacob A. Malik ami Ales Bcbler of Yugoslavia, November president of the Security council, also declined comment. committee about where It started and threw off schedule lt-s timetable calling lor ;i completed bill by the end of this week. Revised prospects were that a bill would be ready some time next week. Strong sentiment Is building up reporters the measure, designed to in the committee for a comprom- Thanksgiving Today in State LITTLE HOCK, Nov. 30. f API—Arkaiiwis celebrated Its ollicUl Thanksgiving today, a week.alter most o[ the nation. President Truman proclaimed Thanksgiving as the fourth November Thursday, Nov. 23. But Arkansas law ?.eU Thanksgiving on the last Thursday, So today's the official holiday In Arkansas although some cillca, institutions and offices went ahead ar.d held their observances last week. Only Texus of thi other »utcs Ii celebrating today. held the upper hand yesterday bul couldn't hold their lines tightly. With solid Republican BacSclng. they tentatively turned down the administration suggestion that a tax of 15 per cent be levied on cor- iwrate earnings that exceed 15 per cent or those In a 1946-1949 base period. Then, on separate votes, they agreed tentatively to slap an 80 per cent tax rate on earnings m excess of the 1946-W average. Bui when the tv,o plans were coupled together by a parliamentary .situation, the substitute was defeated. U was estimated to be capable ol yielding $2,800,000,000 in new revenue annually. The main Issue was whether to consider an "cxcc-ss" all earnings over the 1946-49 average or all in exce.v> of 75 per cent ot that aver- SANTA SAYS: They say good luck 'n better than early rising, but don't depend an luck in Christmas shopping. Get it done early! BAYS CHRISTMAS

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