The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on June 3, 1916 · 7
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 7

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Saturday, June 3, 1916
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GREAT BATTLE IN MAIN BRITISH AND GERMAN NAVAIi FORCES ENGAGED. BOTH SIDES SINK FINAL RESULT HIDDEN BY UNCERTAINTY ABOUT . ENEMY'S .LOSSES. ' flic heaviest naval battle of the war was fought off the western coast of Denmark on "Wednesday and daring the following night- Both the British and German fleets tngaccd their main forces. The result was indecisive. Both sides have issued their official reports, and they agree in showing the clearly established British casualties as the more serious. The following table of looses may be taken as approximately correct, the British list being final and the German in part speculative: BRITISH LOSSES. jjttleshlps little Cruisers Queen Mary Indefatigable Invincible Armoured Cruisers o Ught ruliers ... Destroyers , Tipperary Turbulent Fortune Sparrowhawk Ardent Three others the 3 Defence Black Prince Warrior Ships sunk 14 GERMAN LOSSES. Sestroyera..S or more Battleships Kaiser class Dreadnought Kaiser class Dreadnought German report admits some torpedo - boats missing. Battle Cruiser 1 Name unknown Armoured Cruisers 0 light Cruisers 2 Frauenlob Wiesbaden IThe sinking o one of the Kaiser class battleships included in the above table is not established with certainty. h fhouJd be remarked that the Germans do not admit the destruction of one of their Mttle-cruisers nor that of their two Kaiser class Dreadnought battleships. Thev also sav thev sank the British saptT-Dreadnought Warspite, a sister ship of the Queen Elizabeth, and omit the Invincible from their list. Beyond doubt they are wrong; possibly they inno-j cently mistook one vessel for the other. The British Admiralty says many of the German ships which survived suffered severe damage ; the Germans say the same about the British vessels. A Ge.rrcan rear admiral, a director of the Berlin Admiralty, when giving out the nev.s. added : " Regarding our damage and our losses in men no conclusive statements have yet been received. Of course, a portion of our ships has been considerably damaged." . This notable reserve, which may be traced also in the official report, suggests that the enemy suffered so severely as to be a little uncertain about their viitory. K the Germans have, indeed, lost two Dread nought battleships and one Dreadnought cruder, then the ultimate advantage does not incline markedly in their favour. IWibly the pre-Dreadnought Pommern, uliirh is included by the enemy in their Emitted casualty list, represents one of t!ir Dreadnoughts that tho British com-Kamlers believe themselves to liave des-truwtl. Any attempt to balance the account should make due allowance for the damaged, ships. On the German ride one ha-.tlr-tTiiiser suffered severely, and one batiK-L-ruiser and three battleships less gravely. riuiii tin- brief official reports several conclu sion; (-merge. Sir David Beatty's "cat" -tr-Miilnm. strengthened by four fast battle-presumably the Queen Elizabeths, en-Sw::'-.; first, and camo near to being over- !:o!ii;. (l. On it foil almost all the British I When Sir Johif Jellicoe's battles';;'' arrived the tide turned. The enemy dr off. but suffered gravely in their um. la "!'. fir.-t British Admiraltv statement the hi:;:e was presented as an undeniable Gorman success; the corrected report from J')lm Jellicoe issued early this morning i1""- a more favourable complexion on the an;ui GERMAN CASUALTIES HEAVY. ins Secretary of the Admiralty makes the o-owinj announcement: Un the afternoon of Wednesday, 31st iIav. a naval engagement took place off -the coast of Jutland. The. British ships n which the brunt of the fighting fell were tlte battle cruiser fleet and some crsisers and light cruisers, supported by 'our fast battleships. Among these the "ois were heaw. The German battle fleet, aided by 'low ability, avoided prolonged action with 0Kr main forces, and soon after these "PPeared on the scene the memy returned Ul rt, though not before receiving Bevere wmage from our DatUeships.. Wio battle cruisers Queen Mary, Inde- ""gaote, inyjjHjjbk ftd the cnuseifl Of fence and Black Prince were sunk. !ho Warrior was- disabled ' and - after ter' . ing ffip-Bome time hadrto 6andoned by her criew, V It is also" known that, the derfroyerarveesels went off NORTS jsEA. DREADNOUGHTS. Tipperary, Turbulent, Fortune, Sparrow- xutwa, ana Araent were tost and six others are not yet accounted for. No British battleships or Ught cruisers were sunk. The enemy's losses were serious. At least one battle cruiser was destroyed and one severely damaged; one battleship is reported sunk by our destrovers. During a night attack two light cruisers were disabled and probably sunk The exact number of enemv dest- disposed of during the action cannot be ascertained with any certainty, but it must nave been large. Early this morning the Press Bureau issued following: The Secretary of theAdmir- alty makes the following announcement: Since the foregoing commujiiouS was issued a further report has been received from the Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet, stating that it is now ascertained that our total losses in destroyers amounted to eight boats m all. The Commander-in-Chief also reports that it is now possible to form a closer estimate of the losses and damage sustained by the enemy fleet. x A Dreadnought battleship' of the -Kaiser class was blown up in an attack by British destroyer, and anotheF battleship of the Kaiser class is believed to have been sunk by gunfire. Of three German battle cruisers, two of which, , it is believed, were the Derflinger and the Lutzow, one was mown up, another was heavily engaged by our battle fleet and was seen to be disabled and stopping, and the third was observed to be seriously damaged. One German light cruiser and six German destroyers were sunk, and at least two more German light cruisers were seen to be disabled. Further, repeated hits were observed on three other German battleships that were engaged. Finally, a German submarine was rammed and sunk. GERMAN STORY OF SUCCESS (WlBEItESS PHESS.) . . The German Admiralty reports on - the 1st June as follows: During an enterprise directed northward our High Sea Fleet encountered on the 31sfc May the main part of the English fighting ucov, wmi-ii was consiaeraoiy superior w our own forces. During the afternoon a series of heavy engagements developed between Sksgerak and Horns Reef, which were successful for us, and which also continued during the whole of the night. In these engagements, as far as is known up to the present, were destroyed by us the large battleship Warspite, the battle-cruisers Queen Mary and Indefatigable, two armoured cruisers apparently of the Achilles type, one small cruiser, the new flagships of the destroyer squadrons the Turbulent, Nestor, and Alcaster, a large number of torpedo-boat destroyers, and one suDmanne. By observations which are free from nnv objections it was stated that a large number of English battleships suffered damages from bur ships artillery and from the attacks of our torpedo-boat flotillas during the day and night engagements. Amongst others the large battleship Marlborough was hit by a torpedo, at has been confirmed by prisoners. Several of our ships rescued portions of the crews of the sunk English shins. amongst whom were only two survivors of the Indefatigable. On our side the small cruiser Wiesbaden was sunk by hostile artillery fire during the day engagements, and the Pommern during the night by a torpedo. The fate of the Frauenlob, which is missing, and cf -some torpedo-boats which have not yet returned, is unknown. The High Sea Fleet returned to our ports during the day. "CONSIDERABLY DAMAGED. (Press Association Win Special) Amsterdam, Friday Rear Admiral Stebbinghauss, a director of the German Admiralty, after describing the North Sea battle without giving any more details beyond those contained in the official statement, concluded by saying: "Regard ing our damage, and our losses in men no conclusive statements have yet been received Of course, a portion of our , ships has been considerably damaged. The inain portion of the fleet has returned -to ite harbours. The men have shown a splendid spirit, and both men and material have stood tne test ex cellently." GRAND FLEET FOLLOWS - THE ENEMY. (Phess Association -: Wis Specxax.) Copenhagen, Friday, 4 20 p.m. A message received here, states that fisher men from Esbierg yesterday, morning : wit nessed fifty miles west-north-west, of the Vyl lightship the - conclusion oi c me.;:greav; 6ea battle. ' . - -""--'': -C-''"V- - - . ; On Wednesday evening thev, had 'seen about ninety ships going northwards,, ; but-the;huiin-: bee seen on Thursday, morwng was '.' much greater suu. At- rwo o cjock in ine . moram a very violent cannonade was heard, ah although it was still dark the sunfire li the skies, and' the . battle cemtmued to rage as the ships, bothBritiBh and Gehhan,- proceeded southwards; :i;i-T1jen8herjnen?MW;(a cruiser struck and suhk and f 'three uTeioatB i were afterwanb diretwsiejsjihiTe jthe vflssel disappeared;' j.'uuuu, uic uniw.gaipiflwpiKiHw .wiw, uinxiiHiii h Jxeugoianu, wruie; 5at.i:fwou THE MANCHESTER' FIGHTING SEEN BY NEUTRAL STEAMER. (Exchange Telegram.) Copenhagen, Thtjbsdat.-The "Politiken " states that this evening a violent cannonade was heard in the North Sea, north-east of Hantsholm, off the west coast of Jutland. After the cannonade had lasted for an hour a large squadron of cruisers and torpedo-boats . was observed to be steaming northwards, pursued by another flotilla. get;. A later message to the "Politiken" states that 'the Danish steamer N. G. Foord, which arrived tb-day in Fredrikshaven, witnessed a battle in the North Sea between British and German warahipB. When the steamer yes terday afternoon was 120 miles north-west of Hanstholm it was stopped; by two British torpedo-boats. The steamer's mate went aboard one of the British warships in order that the steamer's papers might be examined, but at the same moment a large German aeei appeared. The British warships at once made ready to fieht. me berman fleet was approaching at full speea. It consisted of five lara modern Dreadnoughts, eight cruisers, and 20 torpedo- noaxs ana destroyers. Suddenly the Germans began firing, and several hundred shells splashed around the torpedo-boats without anting tnem. The British went westward. pursued by the German fleet. At five o'clock the cannonade was renewed, and went on until nine o'dnnk. Two Zeppelins were seen going at full speed "UHUTOius to me scene or tne battle. FLOTILLA LIMPING HOME. (Exchange Telegram.) Copenhagen, Friday TTl Ot nKnaAn n L C -IT. . f1 n 6'i pi v ui me urercnan neet re- X. 1 . turcica, duc was dispersed and severely damaged. At seven o'clock this evening ten German torpedo-boats passed through the Little Belt going very slowly, six were oovcueiy umnagea. ENEMY DESTROYER IN DIFFICULTIES. (Rotter's Correspondent.) Copenhagen, Thursday Night, A telegram from Ringkjorbing, on the west coast of Jutland, says at 11 a.m. to-dav German destroyer appeared off the Lyngvig lightship. Its engines were not working properly, and it was unable to proceed! About 3 p.m. another German destroyer i" MANCBBSTSE The battle was fought between arrived and left at damaged: boat in tow. 4 30 p.m. with the sAv?ED BY NEUTRALS. (iRBjlrTBB'S CORBESPONDBNTB.JI j I , Amsterdam, Fbiday. It is ieolrted that the tug Thames is making ffr the Hook of Holland with eight German shipwrecked sailors who were picked up yesterda morning in the North Sea. Two are wounded and one dead. Rotterdam, Friday, 1 20 p.m. Tim fnrrlinftt. Scheldt is entering the new waterway with dead and wounded from the naval battle. ' The Haoub, JJBiday y. p.m. Ttm f cam mwler' Ymuiden i22 is on her to YmnidAn with- some -16 German ship- . - 1 1 i1 . X wrpftrri RniinrR. lncinamz wiree ouiucio. vuo .... -- ll" l... J British sailor, wounaea, is uieo ou uuwu. THE MEN THAT WENT DOWN. A RECENT VISIT TO THE INVINCIBLE. Our correspondent, whose visit to the Grand Fleet at its bases last week is de scribed in an articler in another column, adds, on the receipt of last night's news the following note. "Toll for the brave 1" . It is almost im possible to think that these fine ships we saw- lying so proudly on the quiet, waters, have now. gone down.. I spent a memor able hour on the Invincible '. and: with many of her gallant . officers less .thana week aeo. - The admiral's- cahih -had; a huire painting extending right along its stem wall representing an ideal sea fight : based bn the ship's 'experience ' in the Falkland , Tslands D&XIie. it was :pauLbeavDy,,xuevienaui .bier "who was Uibt -then on aboard.. bfBcers had been changed a i Mod deal .since that hgnt, mosi. oi inose wno nad oanie ex-. Tiprience having . been given . "promotion "''iii otiber ships." A distinguished -adrhl-n ceived" us. . He would; probably be m charge of a, squadron in: Wednesday's 'battle. X Whit- ah "exfrcunaty gathering ;of ?young coffer nto an xmeiy-trameai.oraniB'vwere.Tjn fhiDii?t&t!": ,i She;.h:maay;JSojd- ahipeKons I W .London h f gmr iek;by ir-SieT- -g!oSarSS OnSdftbem wamof&rihmft,! ffifflito 6TTARDIAIT. SATURDAY, hie round,, pointing out the dented spots where shells had struck -the ship, and conveying the idea somehow, that there was just ono ship "in it" in the -British navy. An engineer : omcer told me something about their experience with the German prisoners after the battle. Me said that after the unhappy men had been dragged out of the icy water and brought; on board they were taken to a certain part of the ship for coffee and hot drinks When they arrived they ranged up expecting to be shot, and it took some time before they could understand that it was, nourishment, not death, they were to The water must now have closed over the head of many of these gallant lads who fought at the Falklands. From what one saw of them on the Invincible that dar T know that it would be of all others the death they preferred. THE LOST SHIPS. a t, k;;. i-h . . At the beginning of the war Great Britain had ten battle cruisers afloat; the Tiger, the last of the ten, was apparently meant to be the t last of the type, for no other was then either building or on order. The ten ships fell broadly into three classes. One of the lost vessels belonged to each of the three divisions. The Invincible and two sister ships were com- plated during the years 1908-9. They carried eight 12in. guns, sixteen 4in., and five smaller pieces; they displaced 17,250 tons, and bad a length of 530ft. and a speed of 26 knots. Their complement numbered 7B0 men. The Indefatigable and two siBter ships, completed 1911-13, carried virtually the same armament as the earliier three vessels, but were 25ft. longer, displaced 1,500 tons more, and had a knot less speed. Their complement was ten men bigger. The Queen Mary, the Princess Royal, the Lion, and the Tiger the remaining four were much larger, more heavily armed, and faster. Their displacement varied between 26,350 tons (the Lion) and 28,000 (the Tiger). They carried eight 13.5in. guns in place of the other ships' 12in. The Lion's nominal speed of 28.5 known was believed to be surpassed by all four; the crews numbered from '980 to 1,100 men. The Queen Mary was with Vice Admiral Sir David Beatty in the Heligoland Bight action, August '28, 1914; she was temporarily detached from the squadron at the time of the Dogger Bank victory on January 24, 1915. The Invincible flew the flag of Bear Admiral Sir A. G. H. W. Moore in the Heligoland Bight; as Sir F. C. Doveton Sturdee's flagship she fought in the battle off the Falkland Islands on De- oeuioer o, xait; iski ouo was cuiiiiujrcu m iuc I Mediterranean. The Indefatigable has not M . 1 "J Ci i MILES' O0ABDIAN" MAP DEPJUBTJJE.VI: COPYBIQHT. Horn's Reef and Skager rack. until to-day appeared in the official reports of any notable naval engagement Valuable Cruisers. By the sinking of the Defence, Black Prince, and Warrior the navy has lost one-third of the finest part of its powerful armoured cruiser force. Ten years ago the last of the improved County class was commissioned. During the next three years nine ships between the old armoured cruiser type and the present i . z . j j j at. re umuc i;iuioci were aaueu iu mw uwi, vi these nine the DefenceiV Black Prince, and Warrior were three.- Their: dates ranged' be- 4nronn IQflf! nnr? IQfW 4'haii otiooI hfhtPAn SS3 and 23.6 knots, their displacement was 13,550 tons in the case of six and 14,600 in the case of the other three. The Black Prince and one other carried six 9.2in. guns, ,10 6ih.,' 20 three-pounders, and two smaller pieces; the Warrior and. three others six 9.2m. guns, four 7.5in., 24 three-pounders, and two smaller pieces; the Defence and two others four 9.2in. guns, 10 7.5in., 16 twelve-pounders, and-five smaller pieces. The complements numbered: Black Prince and Warrior, 70 men each ; Defence, 850. Of the destroyers known to have gone down three the Fortune, Sparrowhawk,- and Ardent belong to the ocean-going class of . n. n m. 'j fE J TO laie-ju. , lueu speeu was uciwwu .w mu knotsr their displacement between 900 and 1,000 tons; tneir armament was tnree "Jin. guns ana. two torpedo tubes ; ' and their crews numbered 100 men.;. The Turbulent. and .the Tipperary were newer vessels built since; the outbreak of war. in tne German omcisi statement ine Turbulent is described i ae-: a new destroyer flotilla leader, a designation! which should-be applied also to the Tipperary. -, .No doubt they were considerably larger ships than the typical 1,000 tons -modern destroyer. : -r Prepreadnqught Ehejfhy Battleship. . None o the casualties, admitted y &e Get- The KattleshiTj Potnmera was a vbre-DreadnovsAemiHailr' sixoilar. to the five vessels 0oVt7 13.W tons, was armed ith four. llin. fpuxteen o.Yin., ana .many smaller gtrns, a-oa yww of' 730 rnen, She was ten. years old.; ; i " , ' i . -TVib 'Pwntpnloh -naa a., nrnidl Ifsht crnifler sn-'itAxlier.'tVDe thantfi fimfmsEmdenJ- Hex dlsplaeemeht; was 2,660 kmlier:ed.a;teota, ;atidfh:.oomplement; 281. jnen. :j ThetWibaden eems to nave oeen-a newerup-TAv icnstf .jjci name "does .not appear 'iiiihe ref erence-books, mnA"il Triav hn 9nniiMlfdtd?ill WSA aA im- proved f- Emden perhaps -a j-vesseli-diBplaroag aoout.a,uuU'ioas, mannea oy a crew Boipa-w strong, ;'ahd carrying: 'asr inain; armament ten ! 6isu-or twelve AOincinlttY- 'S-.-rt?- J?--iv-i?.: JTTNE 3, 1916. BIRTHDAY HONOURS. FIVE NEW PEERS. TWELVE BARONETS AND THIRTY-ONE KNIGHTS. A long list of honours conferred by the King on the occasion of his ' birthday was issued last night. The Prime Minister's list includes the names of five new peers, twelve Wnnet h;X0 iminbs Thrr are in addition long lists of honours from the War OffW iha rVJnninl nflfon. nnd other departments. The Prime Minister's list is as follows: VISCOUNTY. - j pvATvrvr r n n TL Lord Beading has been Lord Chief Justice of England since 1914. As SirBufus Isaacs he represented Beading from 1904 to 1914, and was Solicitor General in 1910 and Attorney General from that year until he received his present post. BARONIES. GEORGE COATS. Mr. George Coats is a director of Messrs, J. and P. Coats, Limited, and a son of the late Mr. P. Coats, of Ferguslie. Mr. J. Anthony, the sole partner of Messrs. CHARLES EDWARD HUNGERFORD ' Oockburn and Co., has rendered great ser-ATHOLE COLSTON. vice to recruiting in Govan. Mr. C. E. H. A. Colston, formerly the Con- servative memberf or the Thornbury division of Gloucestershire, is a son of the late Edward Colston, of Roundway Park (a. descendant of the famous Bristol merchant. Sir SAMLE CROSSLEY, Bart., K.C.V.O. Sir Savile Crossley, the second baronet, succeeded his father, Sir Francis Crossley, M.P. for Halifax, in 1872. He himself was the member for the Lowestoft division of Suffolk from 1882 to 1890, and afterwards for Halifax from 1902 to 1906. TONMAN MOSLEY, CB Mr. Tonman Mosley, a name well known in Manchester, is chairman of the County of Buckingham Association of Territorial Forces, chairman of the Bucks County Council, and chairman of the North Staf fordshire Railway Company. g.r OHARLES ARTHUR NICOLSON, Bart., CPU CMG OVO Sir Arthur Nicolson is the retiring Perma nent Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs. Joining the staff of the Foreign Office in iMiM, ne nas nueu posw awjemu, rCMu8l on5lBuuoPie, AiuiuiD, xCUx, pest, and Petrograd. ) PRIVY COUNCILLORS. CHRISTOPHER ADDISON, M.P., M.D. . Dr. Christopher Addison has been the Liberal member for the Hoxton division of Shoreditch since 1910. Since last year he has -acted as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Munitions- He is a member of ' the Medical Research Committee and of the Departmental Committee on Tuberculosis. CHARLES WILLIAM BOWERMAN, M.P. Mr. C. W. Bowerman has represented Dent ford as a Labour member for ten years. He I is an alderman of the London County Council. He was general secretary of the I London. Society of Compositors from 1892 until .he entered the House of Commons, was president of the Trade Unions . Congress in 1901, and has been seoretary of the Con gress since 1911. JOHN ARCHIBALD MURRAY MAC I DONALDj M.P. Mr. J. A. M. Macdonald is a son of 'the late ..Rey. Dr. H. F. Macdonald, and was' a mem- ber of the London School Board from 1897 to 1902. After sitting as the Liberal member for Bow and Bromley from 1892 to 1895,. he re-entered Parliament in 1906 as member for Falkirk. Lieutenant Colonel FRANCIS BINGHAM JVllLUMAx,- M.P. Lieutenant Coionel F. B. Mildmay is a son of the late Mr. H. 8. Mildmay, his mother being a granddaughter of tue second Earl Grey, Prime Minister of England in 1830, He is a Lieutenant Colonel of th wf. Vmt. Imnerial Yeomanrvi aria hun aai An Unionist interest for the Totnes division of Devonshire for the past 31 years. Sir GILBERT PARKER, Bart., M.P. . Sir Gilbert Parker, the well-known novelist, has been a baronet fourteen years, and has represented Gravesend , as a Conservative since 1900. He was born in Canada in 1862. He has travelled widely, and initiated and organised the first Imperial Universities Conference in London in 1903. Sir HARRY SIMON SAMUEL, M.P. Sir H. S. Samuel was knighted in 1903. He unsuccessfully contested Limehouse as a Conservative in-1892, sat for that constituency from 1895; to 1906, when he was defeated, and was . elected for the f Norwood division of Lambeth in 1910. IRISH PRIVY COUNCILLOR. i n. :.. mm riiMm ti-i. P,r BARONETCIPS. r niui aa-n o.,, m.x, Sir William Maxwell Aitken has been Unionist . member for. Aehton-unde'r-Lyqg since 1910, and received his knighthood in 19U. He was born 37 years ago, the -son of a gcotcn . mmtsier, a jxew urunswicx, Canada. He was with '; the Canadian Expe- ditipnary .Foice;as Eye-witness fn.-1915. -; gir ROBERT HUB-SON .BORWICK ffi. ltnlvtrt Hndfinn Borarink. urTir. ,ol created, a . knight in 1902, is a Devonshire man and a member .of ; the Carlton :Club. He 'is the father-ih4aw of ; Co'onel H. Croft. ' - ' ' - , I mrrrxtF i d T IOTP TiWITV THOMAS LANE DEVITT JR' i Mr. Arthur du Cros - managuig ';drreotor Company. Limited, member for Hastings was -elected : for .the :; faihMrHirvey. I TUUUAB xujl4Wx. h, . i-;, ;.,- lMt' Tliwto'Duiilop fatfie1!PfOTO-if I BERTRAM?GODFREY,FAliLE, .MiPi:; :,i Steam-. Navigation ptoy-:;aj;-;chian. Mr;'HiSinith"is:a' Duty .Lieutenant of the terday'f ot, X-ktg$ta City-of 'Jiatiii r:'C''' fSf-T'i ."irter-'.' increase 'in'$&!r&u8ffi&mit gt&gg&m lisiMM rHUR PHILIP, DU CROS, MPi V; ;v; - . I- I ihfiiia&i&8mfar:im:itew years;:' itf brc vi of tte'Duhlop-Rubter f? duCree; sr:-' "-'ttK G; H" JvEOT,;:;'Y l Mr. :R G.7e iiaB reprw l .in-to'Uhioh3ete;,;J910 Major ;the,-xipn. RwuBig, pM''Jiw?TOiHB9 smffsmmm&msmmm M--mTmita fimSWMB 'k,ucnSpmimm 0m;Mmmmmmm is.mMSir itm lsswM has a long record of public service. The son of the late Mr. Joseph Holt, of the . Derby Brewery, Cheetham, he was bom in 1850. When Crumpsall was joined. to thai city in 1890 he was chosen as one of its representatives, and fifteen years later' he was elected an. alderman. He was Lord Mayor in 1907-8 and again in 1908-9, and received King Edward on his visit to the city;--;- E. w. Mom. Mr. EL W. Moir has represented the Ministry of Munitions in the United States. C. ARTHUR PEARSON. Mr. 0. Arthur Pearson had great success in business as the founder of "Pearson's Weekly" and the "Daily Express." He later added the control of the " Standard " with less noticeable results, but relinquished all journalistic activity a few years ago owing to approaching blindness. Since then he has directed his energy with muoh success to the relief of those afflicted like himself, and is now president of the National Institute for the Blind. W, J. TATEM. Mr. W. J. Tatom is a Cardiff shipowner. KNIGHTHOODS. JAMES TYNTE AGG GARDNER, M.P. Mr. J. T. A. Gardner was born at Chelten harri in. 1846, and has fought a remarkable number of elections in that town. He contested it unsuccessfully in 1868, 1880, and 1906; successfully in 1874, 1885, 1886, 1892, 1900, and 1911. He is lord of the manor of Cheltenham. JOHN ANTHONY. GEORGE THOMAS BEILBY, F.R.S. Mr. G. T. Beilby is a distinguished chemist I and has rendered noteworthy service to the Admiralty as a member of the Central Com mittee of the Board of Inventions and Research. THOMAS COLLINS. Mr. T. Collins is the Chief Inspector of the Board of - Inland Revenue, THEODORE ANDREA COOK. Mr. T. A. Cook, the'editor of the 'Field." has published a considerable number of works oi a literary and nistoncal character. JQHN HENRY CORKE. Mr. J. H. Corke is the Mayor of Portsmouth. GEORGE P. DOOLETTE. ' Mr. G. B. Doolette, by birth an Australian, is one of the pioneers of the Western Aus tralia gold-mining industry. He is president of the Australian Voluntary Hospital at Wimereux. U j dtjrraNT, M.V.O. Mr. A. I. Durrant is the Comptroller of the Supplies Division of the Office of Works. I . IW O A T,T, A OTTER. . Mr. W. Gallagher is a Chief Inspector under the Board of Cu8toms- FRANCIS MARK FARMER. Mr. Francis Mark Farmer is -a dental sur geon, who has rendered invaluable services to the War Office during the war. E. C. GEDDES. . Mr. E. C. Geddes has been Deputy Director General of Munitions since the formation of the Ministry. WILLIAM B. GENTLE. Mr. W. B. Gentle has for over fourteen years been the Chief Constable of Brighton. (jjjqr.(E GREENWOQD,' M.P .-. n -aZZ,- Mr. "G; G. Greenwood-;is" a barrister, and fought unsuccessfully - a b - a Liberal at . Peter-. borough in; 1886 and Central Hull in 1900. He was elected for. Peterborough ten years ' ago. :. ' ,' - W. P. GRIGGS. . Mr. W. P. Griggs is an alderman, of the Essex County Council.: ,'. ' MAURICE HILLj K.O, Mr; M. Hill, eldest son of Mr; G. Birkbeck Hill, was called. to the Bar in 1888, and was' made a K.C. in 1910. He has rendered valu able assistance to the Board of Trade. n: kyd. Mr. D. H. Kyd, a member of the old London School Board, has contested the White-chapel, Stoke-pn-Treht, and Forest of Dean diivisions as a Unionist. "o!R. M: LIDDELL, Mr. It. M. Liddell has .been largely respon sible for establishing and maintaining the large military hospital at Belfast. ; ALFRED HENRY HERBERT ;rraEWS. Mr. A. JS. H. Matthews is the Secretary 'of ine central vmiiuuet ui agtitmiure, EDWARD NIOOLL. : : Mr. E.lficblL a Cardiff shipowner, is the managing director of - the Cardiff Hall line. J. J. ODDY. Mr. J. J. Oddy of Bradford, . was the ' Unionist rriember for the Pudsey division of Yorkshire ;i908-lp. ,J ROBERT PEARCE, M.P. Mr. R. Pearce is the protagonist of daylight- : saving in the House. of Commons. -ALENDER. WttUAM. PRINCE. , v ', Mr. A. W. Prince is cbirirmah and managing director of Messrs. BDickeson .end Co., canteen' contractors. . ...VV; GEORGE . RADFORD, M.P. vSKs Mr. G. Radford has been the Liberal.mem-berfoT East, Islington since 1906.-: j A. F. P. ROGER.' l':''r Mr. A; F. P.'Roger' ib the director general of "trench warfare, supplie; : -.' - ;V j ARMANMAHO.RUFFER, ;.M;D. . . , 1 .-. Dr.:;;;3ufler -is' ",Prekdent.,of-.the 'Interhaar0arantineBoaT i fryr' Vr nbfe iiverpcio I A.-T. 8ALv3DGE- V '; .; : ' fh.JJ-. - T 1 ' - nc - TP. Salvidcrfl hnn heen'.affir - ntativ I V I .yeara the .leader oi the Upiohist; party iin ;?the irrouhdTsafelVlideburl ii-'vJ'':K.-ii'n-'i-al l? .yi-i.y- ,?-; fo; -1 Zi-artainln -wer ia-vic6-cnainnan sad 1 4 ii,! jaiir'mi itftvfeuta x:A $f$3mZki& r. - .M.'??-? &.&?M$mg. ami c!iii1iiin -ITnimlW 1 ' ' 'iJnroiessorn.ifXixaTaMropep . secretary oi -:;s, uf'Tis- z JgfK- ''J,'t,cisi':-''.. cltibnSupplyyi'fij tvfis&ffi i:;si;fhianuf PROGRESSION VERDUN; VIOLENT ASSAULT AT VAUX FORT. The struggle north-east of Verdun is clearly of the utmost violence. It is not clear precisely how the fighting-line now runs, but it would seem that, at great cost in . men, the tremendous German assault in this quarter carried during Thursday night and yesterday a good deal of ground between Douaumont Fort and Damloup. They appear to have captured the Caillette Wood and penetrated south of Vaux Pond, and, though the loss of Vaux village is not mentioned, last night's French report speaks of a stubborn defence between Vaux Pond and Damloup and furious German efforts to capture vaux Fort. At Vaux Pond the German line is four miles north-east of Verdun. The French official report issued last night is as follows: On the west bank of the Meuse both artilleries were very active in the sector of Hill 304 and between the Mort Homme and the Meuse. On the east bank the Germans attempted a powerful offensive against bur positions between Vaux Pond and the village of Damloup. This lasted all day. Continuous attack in compact masses follewed each other in thi region. The magnificent resistance of ' our troops got the better of the enemy. West of Vaux Fort our -counter-attacks, replying to every German attack,' prevented . any enemy- progress. " Before Vaux Fort, which-the Germans are attempting to capture at all costs, the fighting assumed Unprecedented violence. The assaulting columns, mown down by our cannon and machine-guns,- .suffered enormous losses. Enemy masses coming up to reinforce the participating battalions were taken under our heavy battery fire and driven back in disorder towards Dieppe. In the sector of Damloup, at the Meuse foothills, the enemy succeeded in penetrating into the village, of which we hold the greater part '"'.' Artillery fighting continued very violently all along the east bank of the Meuse. Yesterday afternoon's French official report stated: In the region of Thiaumont-Douaumont the enemy assaults were repulsed by out fire and our counter-attack.' " To the south of the fort of Douaumont the enemy was .able to penetrate into the southern part of the Caillette. Wood and to . the approaches south of the Vaux Pond.. The German Headquarters reported yesterday: . . Up to the present 76 officers and 2,000 men have been, taken prisoners, and three cannon ' and at least 25 machine guns -captured, "': german attack east oe ypres. :. AVIAT0RSI ESCAPE BY PARACHUTES. . The following telegraphic despatch has been received from the British Headquarters' in France : - Fbiday, 10 25 p.m. fe, :-WMD-'.-:i;...,-,7"'irT $fi.M ' - : Sharp-; fighting 'has. .taken: place terday in the Ypres salient oh a frontyofepproxi-mately 3,000 3rar.JbeweenH6'iB!ir4Ie Ypres-ComineB railway. FblloVMg "'pp Hhe , artillery activity in this neigMurioBd're- . ported in yesterday'sjcommtin , maps: began an intense and: sustained' bomr '. bardihent at 916:.m;Vh?ch extendedjhpt V only oyer. theirV:mptioBed' above- but. also oh the area: behind, ." - . ' , . V ? This was: followed about 'middayby hostile infantry;, attacks,, which -succeeded 'in ' penetrating ..-.out; front 'trench at "several points, but which ; were-repulsed elsewhere.1. , ; At 6 30 p.m. the enemy's artillery fire- was. less intense. Fighting continues in i this locality. X' ' ' 'd!JMt .night we blew somejcratere on.the ,'yiin'y. Ridge, and, combination; with'our artillery bombardment, penetrated?;! J the . ; Gkarinan trenolies atyf ifcir.ipoiuts.1. ' Our infantry subuently;drjew.?r ,The fepmse of .Mstrpng'Eilisb; forces" in - this vniireferjedtoj ut..todayGer-. imn communique is hot 'correct.;; - 45 : . Hostile, artfller, artivjiy?romthe?Vimy Rige to theneiglurhpOTof Loos 'has . been ; below nbrttateiday. ' , . ,;, North of, the La Bassee Canal .we breachisd the vGerman parapet8.' ;" Between' Akra. ahd -the river Sdimme there :Vhas' been the ; usual . artillery -action fon. bothffldes'.-excepabout' -;" Thiepval,"' whefeXthehbstile'IfireXwaa above'; . normal. . v;,.,i-V''"V'-1-i.''i?;"?;'"-l v o I ne clear weauirreoaoia: mucn euow&gim, -aerial work to, be, -'done.i-ye'aterday.Y: iiThere :" .was a certain amount of fighting, m the air, , - as a result of "which f- orfe:! 'of -the.t enemy "Machines "'.wMj 'brought donfav'andf fiubse-V quehUyK'eeKoh.WrejTioutlartiU ..-' another'. wMrdfeh-te'fiweidaVdsMaged :, ' 'iust'behihdJffiehemy'ai line8iT;f.i'i'-' .. , j One" of our balloons was .camettwaVby a suddenTgust of -wind .ahddriveiijbvervthe - ,

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