The Guardian from London, Greater London, England on October 30, 1920 · 11
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The Guardian from London, Greater London, England · 11

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Saturday, October 30, 1920
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THE BURNING OF IRISH CREAMERIES. Z5E1ESTER GUARDIAN SATURDAY; OCTOBER 30, 1920. IT TW0 LATEST CASES INVESTIGATED COUNTY KERRY. IN MANAGER'S STORY OF POLICE IN LORRIES. UXN'AW TERROR: BOYS BEATEN AND GIRLS' HAIR CUT OFF. XFrom our Special Correspondent.) LisrowEt (Co. Kerry), Fbidat. . , ukc din- lon; drive tnrougu iub .-& -..rarvorLirotiielc vUhout coming across Z'mtB of tho buildings -that were once the MR. ASQUITH ON IRISH REPRISALS. VIRTUALLY " OFFICIALLY ORGANISED. ' RESPONSIBILITY ()F BRITISH VOTER. THE of Young about three f ruined. Tho rest of their told briefly, though for every statement I have the authority of the persons mnrAmi ,,i ..- ,.v.-i mpries beean four eye-witnesses, and' homo rnt u- . thirty liave been either destroyed ent of the good faith of the -people T aw igralifie n"diiIviSni. It is impossible"1 a n-Pohtical toOal resident of standing. LcSi Three ; raiders called at the farmhouse of Mrs. MoEUio-ott one had his faeo hlnohpriPrl . 1. . xl . . ' .v-rirukural centres oi tno uisirici. ii. j uuumer naa goggles. They searched, the t important part in the economy of the house and called ou the two sons, John and farmers il' a wide area around. In spite, of Tom, to come out. The boys asked that they j,!! Sir Horace Plunkett and the Agricultural , inight put on their trousers, but were told: iliiiiisatioii Society have done to bring the: "No; you were imilicated in the bobbing of licise attacks to tho light, oir xiauiii j -m s nan anu tne snooting ot iunL-e. .jonn said: " "there have been no and was ordered 1111 vnn irnnvmrv " 4-1,a ... '.Kl ' llLimill. Llll' ilio work ofiorcis 01 iue crown ne win noun being a. familiar armv word. Tom , .l persist, in tho denial that there is John ,a,d : ; I ..a tktl, of evidence- that the burning 4tghlit . vou fre, Hil Mr. Asquith iast night addressed a meeting in Leicester under the auspices ot the Leicester iai.-u 01 tne National League minerals. The audience numbered thousand. Mr. Asquith, who had au enthusiastic reception, said that amid many features in a political situation which was depressing and even -aisqtueung there was one which was full ot cation and of hope. Jl was that with a eactionary House ot Commons, and, he was Sony to say,' a slufraish electorate, we, l.ail abundant evidence that Liberalism in its essence was never stronger and never had greater attractions than it had to-day for the young on whom the promise of the future lay. (Cheers.) It was two years since the close of the war, and the prospect which presented itself to every intelligent spectator was one of unrelieved gloom. There was only one course which was worthy of the name of statesmanship. It was to wind up by the authority of the League of Nations the wars and the causes of war that still affected largo parts of the East of Europe, uili-wesi. "Hi account, that of a mode- .1; ;iiiJ 1 rustwon hy man. needs no em-.-ii(lrn. Hp. lias ab'vidy put it in the form : an affidavit and htuuck by its accuracy. The Manager's Story. in nml ilie Hritish neonlc will be , was taken outside, and two shots worn fired to break down effectually thf pennnmin harriers ii i 'rrm n'n iil.i of his trustworthiness over 'Toim was struck with rifle- which had been iraised, to define clearly, both in M t, lorm an d,a " " "' butts. The two brothers were made to stand VR1! the time of payment, uiaiiiiss lkjui ioz rupara-Liou anu maemui-iies under the Treaty of Versailles, to hold th6 door open for those territorial adjustments in Central and Eastern Europe which experience had already shown to be needed, and to resume in the fullest and freest sense trading relations with Germany and Russia. He welcomed the step taken of abandoning the right given by the Treaty of Versailles to seize the properly of German nationals in. British territory anil under British control. He did not hesitate to say, proceeded Mr. Asquith, that unless we mended our ways we were on the higlx road to national disaster. He dwelt on the large sums which had been squandered to overthrow Bolshevism in Russia and on our policy in Mesopotamia. It was time for them "to wash their hands of the whole of this business. Let us give the Arabs power to govern themselves, but do not let us. in the suspected pursuit of material interests of our own, besmirch the honourable record which we had justly maintained when we entered the war. Then we had 49,000 troops in Ireland and they were being maintained at a cost of 1,150,000 a month. A State of Civil War. Mr. Churchill had said that, troops had to be. somewhere (.laughter) and .that they might, as well bo in Ireland as in any other part of the United Kingdom. ' Yes," said Mr. Asquith, " but why are they there and what are they doing there? What is the task upon which they are engaged there It is no use disguising the fact, that troops are hi Ireland because in. Irelaiidthcr is a state of civil "war. I 'am amazed and ashamed at the state of public opinion- on this matter. It. seems to me ,as though the intelligence'of the British people were, nan asleep, as tnongn their consciences were blunted, as though then- soul were half dead. (Cheers.) Never in the whole history of our relations wiui xreiana nas tne siaie 01 things been such as it is to-day. It is no exaggeration to say that the British Government has ceaserl to be operative. Over a greater part of Ireland it does not operate at all. It is not re cognised by the majority of the people. They have established a government of their own; which has its own courts, its own police, and its own army. At the recent uoumy council elections in " Ireland, of the 35 Irish councils .29 returned Sinn Fein councillors. All the -muni cipalities', with two exceptions, Teturned Sinn jem candidates. -Those local autnoritxes reruse to. fecoraise the Iri6h Executive. The British I Government has no organ of any. fciud of local padmlnistratioit upon which, it cari depend. Its support consists of these 43,uw soldiers ana some 12,000 or more armed police. f . Under these conditions there has grown up, as was inevitable, guerilla warfare between these two different authorities. There liave been horrible outrages and brutal murders of policemen and civil servants of the Crown.' No one denies; it, and it is a calumny to represent us of the Liberal party, who are in favour of .wide-reaching measures of extended freedom and who denounce the hideous brutal policy of official reprisals, as if we were apologists for these outrages. We had heard a great deal about "provocation, about hot blood, about the police and the military actiing in self-defence, and of passion being caused by seeing their comrades done to death. If that were a, true description we . should ' have indulgence and consideration, but that ii not the true descripi tion. Outrages have been' committed in the name of, or at any rate by the officers of, the 'law in the uniforms of soldiers and policemen-outrages not committed in hot blood, but calculated, planned, and organised, ana or mm. an umiuuwii . w, . . - In the pouriug ram with their faces to the wall :,u;i.k 1.11 creameries. In not" tl"c cases 1 nf the liouse and dressed onlv in their shirts, have -one over tho lia!i-ruiied creameries and TJ;e girls, aged 13 and 15, were niadn to pot ,!.wK" (Uobtion.'d th. . managers ami other amj j,n at.tempt was made to boh the ,.v(Mvihiscs of the burning.. Any suggestion i::jr Qf the elder, but she slipped awav. ,,'f political bias may he ruled out, for neither ( " Wc want you . to have your hair bobbed liw wanner is a politician- same as our " lady friends " referring to a . First, mi" may uik-. the attack on the Riri ;n tlo village who had her hair cut bv ,i,am.ry i.r t! Abbeydorney Co-operative Sjim Feiners-a fortnight before for friendli'-SXiirv So;ioiy. Limited, in Kerry, fight miles nosf? towards tho police and on suspicion of , s. uirtli of Tralt p. in a district which, as lHr supplying information. The two brothers y- js clie tan fitld OUt. lias been Singularly InVt.bor ho-lnn onrl t-Jr-Vort .Timii- ami uasullind. ly niuiiler of police. Tho niother. who appealed to the men. was tlm-at-'laiucer of the Society. Mr. J. O'Donovan, is ened with a rifle and told that if the. door ;:i kii-mii 111 tho co-oporativo movement in 1 was opened ovorvbodv inside would be diot. As they went away they broke the front windows of the house. " Tho brothers were rather badly knocked about. The reason for singling them out was that they are Volunteers. The dis-r-riniination was also 6hown in a call -'it the On Monday, October 18, about six o'clock (he house of John Lovett. where they said to a. liiiir-. I was in the office, which is in tho main j lodger "All right; we don't want you." but '.i Mit. - oi tho creauierv. when three motor-j to his room-mate, Maurice Lovett, "This is wics Mopped outside iu'tl.c mad. Their occu- the we want." They tore his shirt, chiefly men in R.I.C. uniform, and on the. head kicked him, saying, :u- rt,, rc -Black-aud-Tans- of the usual (.n.lc out,to bo shou" They dragged him :v...-,ll0,, in khaki with noliee caps, f thought it . ?hf ihl' threw him down and '.;, sn ordinarv raid for aims and did not kicked him arain. In tho next cotta.go were ii-.uUe. Then ".I heard the crash of broken j living Mary Tjovett and her widowed sister-f.-i?? in the creainen- Move ami, goine down Uie in-law, Mrs. Tom Ijovott. "When thev saw ' -::r- the creamery. I s-aw an K.l.C. man tle treatment of their brother thev screamed ;r fKlc. Juit then a numher ef other slablea "Don't kill him I' Shots were fired and men rr-'ke out ot the cti2mc-hou.c and came into . , ... , m 1 1 1 .rreamcrv. Thcynled boxes of butter ou ,nto their home. They hold t! tnn c.s h nthtr remlv for removal. A tall flashlamns up to Alary Lovett s face turned and said to me "Who are you? t .-yi. I am the manager." Then he returned A? 1 ws? oing to the l'ior 1 met. another inr i . 1 1 . , ' 1 9 V.u live about here and are the manager. Oh, ! married, and on her saying yes left her alone, :-u are all right; you are if decent man."- He - but on going: told thorn that if a light was :'irna In the other men and said. " This, man shown in" the cottage .thev would ho shot. ana cut nor hair with scissors, saying it was on account of their lady friends being bobbed, fpr being friendly with the police. They asked. Mrs Tom Lovett if sho were - ad i .,-ht : 1 know him very well." -The tall jMary Lovett told me her impression was that wi tfn'L. OU'' , heS"ldT tlmre were about seven inon. The man who Ion t jou know tins place belongs to us? '' I . ,.- Mt; inieit nie as tar as me mt. aiui ne act-oimi: :"-iH, liuwrins his rifl'T. My house is 100 yards ::uav. ;it'd I had not, ;oiic more than five or six ya'ts when he tired a shot right over my head. Bttwccn that point and my reaching the house .i further htHs were firel. . Wiu-n I gut iu I watched-the creamery from a winJow. I saw a. itHmher- of the police b-rrag-n; p'jt butter and' chee.ie and -stacking it .'on police lorries In the most businesslike fjjiiinn. I found afterwards they had . taken .Vi. of halter and two big cheeses of 801b. each. y.l :lie i employees. I should have said, had yn cleared out of the building by this time. T:;eu T snv a man talc a petrol can from alorry :! tli row the contents against the door of the rtssne hnu.c. He did the same with at least ' "'her cans, and executed a sort of exultant var dati-e. The doors were then set on'flre. A w- v.hii. h is behind the creamery and out of k- i'rtc siht was now blazing away. It con-fi;::l cliicily lioxwood, coal, parchment, and A ymm: rolieenian came up to my house from ' i' cren ii !! and said to icy wife, " Perhaps he im afraid these fel- save 1i.-.;kt eomo down. I ' wii! do damage, and I want Him to in.Mi?. j-ihcu. " Me as not coming te'-ause he wa lhe(l at." The constable "--Cii, " It will he all rilit ; I will be respon-:'.? fur li in."' " 1 I Wf-r.: iiior.Ef with lii.n inin -f ltn nflRf find Girls Whose Hair was Cut. At the House of tlio..Bradys, near v the post-office, a young '.man, Jbhn Nblin, was beaten. Steve Brady, who is 'a,. leadjng'.Voliliiteer, c-scaped by a hack window; in 'his'mglitsliirt. Tho raiders gave his sister Bridie Brady aew minutes to dress, took her outside, dosed'ihe door on her father and mother, while two men, eachSvith a pair of scissors, cut off her hair, ono operating on each aide. They told her her brother had something to do with:;tho ' bobbing '' of tho other girls. in tho village. To Mrs. Brady they said that if her son Steve had not cleared out of the place within 24 hours ho was doomed, and would be shot at sight. I saw and spoke with the two girls whoso hair had been bobbed, and can testify to the thoroughness, it not to the artistry, with which it was done. Tho raiders, both i girls agreed, spoke with English accents. Iml J 3 1 .cx xiiey wt'ia nrcsiica in ramcoiiisa.nu sum uio, not uniforms. This in itself convoys nothing. Two nights ago I saw auxiliary cadets operating m Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, PRESENTATION TO MR. G. THORNE. M.P. MANDATES UNDER THE LEAGUE. MK. ASyllTH'S TRIBUTE. Mr. George- Thome. Liberal MP v.,- Wolverhampton, was last niirhr nunurf k,- , followinc draft of n " nuditt and Wolverhampton Liberals with his portrait. The ! explanatory note which had been drawn on eln nipr,rvpm"fde ,h" C"Pta!n S011 Kv o'n,ittce piesided over bv Major W. eim Liberal M P. for U-ith. . Ornishy-Goie. M.I. Other niem'bem of the Mr. Aaqumi, who was unable to be present at committee wetv Sir Svdnev Olivier. lat A SUGGESTED DKAFT. Tlte League of Xaiions Union sends us the nit eeiemony. as lie was speakin sent the following letter:-' My dear Thome.-I wish ii had been possible tor me to he with VOu on Friday eeatng. the occasion is one of more thaii :ocai inieiest, for there are few men to whom Independent Liberalism stands under a deeper debt of obligation and gratitude than yourselt. The Parliamentary service which, as joint bhief or the Staff, you have rendered to our cause during the last three sessions has been .- invaluable. The Liberals of Wolverhampton have known you during more than the life-time "' j generation, always as a stalwart fighter, and later as an honoured and trusted leader. You have never bowed the knee to the passing fashions of the hour, and our younger men may well find in your career both au example and an inspiration. Yours very sincerely, H. H.. Asquith. . Mr! .Thome has sat for East Wolverhampton since 1908, retaining his seat at the general election against a 'couponed" N.D.P. candidate. He has been joint Independent Liberal Whip since February of last year. Senior member of the firm of Messrs. G. E. Thome, Sons, and Co., solicitors, of Wolverhampton, Mr. Thome is an alderman of the Wolverhampton Town Council and was Mayor in 1902-3. at Leicester. Governor ol Jamaica. Mr. Leonard Worjlf and ftn- Harry Johnston. In view of the im-HriaiK-e of mandates under the Peace Treaty we think it desirable-to prim them in full. .ti 111 1 f 1 inn iini 'i l in i . - . - . . . . i x : i - . w. - h.-.. i.: i. . .: " - ;.vi and hair ov them wore civilian clothes, with' which the victims-have been not those wno i i: ...... onus or sorr. nnr.n inn- - n RK-snn.i ans .nave commiiieu (,ue uiumoio iumuoovou i ,1-. ' ' ni,amor and en diers. hin anammeiv lnnoceni I vas leaving the room ten noliwrnen vh. . caps or SOtt hats yie di. rc aid, "What about this safe? Isn't i are also sometimes to be seen in the same dress. ii T iii u; mere is a Jittie, t: A-er-d. "lnu I have licit the kev here." thC'Ill said. " Yon had hetter r.rir."- it. MO. I vv'sr away with tiie hooks to the house, and - ' w. - 1-,-iurnmg I m-t tv. police, who said. ....... lit, aif; insiae. i . ,tll- ,,j,u L irieu i-ne kcv, 1 ' ,". "u..) not ,,,,cn the jafe lv?cause the lock ' i smashed With a evn'wbur whil".-T was ' .-av. tiiaj.u could nut-be managed. ' i .it , it. and as 1 icached tho door I got J'; "-.',':! ' ,K!.Jii- 1 ,,:llf turned round and 'i.H K-jiKi-nil, m the act of swinging i'-r a second blow, when one. of th. Wi nil It t : ' "'" "ftervcncil and prevented him fronr -' i i-. i Hiii sure ili.-it tliic Rl.a- , - ja .(,'- ''I tiie same luan who had earlier given l-':i!lt. ll.-llned Tivranov o V.I.,,.. IN. ,r . . - j - 4. t'll.Fl Kill tUC v-iie head with a rifie-butt. '-c,'rriW"ar?s ihvy ,Jrovc awav in the di-T Jr-l',e paving been at the ereamerv. :ioont three-quarters of an hour. At YOUTH UNDER SENTENCE OF DEATH. mi. aiiiFFiTii-g argument. (From our Correspondent.) Dubux, Feiday. !M:-. Arthur Griffith, in a .".message to the civilised world,'' refers , to the . sentence of death passed upon Kevin Barry, the Dublin medical student of 18, who nias found guilty by couft-ntartial of .the ; murder of 'Private T c-irly staac 1 colli sb . i Whitehead, of the Duke " of . WoUuigton's " "-uvation. A thev went, nn-av Jteirimcnt. durinff an. attempt to -'disarm a m- for laged to, innruv Mr. . GrifKth's message quotes, instances in which. Vohmleers, Jiaving e.aptured military parties, releasea them after disarming thein, !'.-. j j.,,-, ,-. ... i urcii luuuuu vjiiAii o unvv.r utsU ivtaicx xi - t :v in, lice li-irv-..i.-o v.-' i..i ii. thn af.tjieir. Hp rfiffirs -r.nf t.KA irrinri treatment .-."....i .v.i . ... : -,u pouco took -v-r "-v-Tr men r3ciueu ttic worse for i ot uenerai Xiiicas, ana aaas : r-.. .... -;-Cvialiv the ' li!!jr.!.--.,iwi.T., .i l..- ii : : ' , ":' : a.;; iij,. briu-end ,," hi- nuuuw ine Jingiisn Lrovernrxient; now proposes to olunteeis and to, ejeecutp prisoners of. reviously attembtihfr- to. , brand them t.hn wnrlrl a'a criminals : Sneh an ont- ' ' -i mil-room wlicm it, , , F ' rage upon tne taw ana - customs ot - nations :-'-:-P-- firi -."K-iS? a chbx cannot be permitted tciipasS m silence by power ot 18 under her power to -prevent the conscience of mankind repro bating witlu horror suehTan action. - That conscience Ireland, Jnvokesvagainst this intended outrage upon'Opd: and .Man. . iijiriJc-i''"' 'rm,or.y w"ero burning, and petrol military party in a Dublin street on Septeii Croo--u mttl'h ?Rs.,df wn thedresser in the " ber 20. Tiie execution has ; been fixed f -nu on the windows. We managed to : -m.,j - . - !,, "- u ".i11 nelp of neighbours. , ;'- :c dene ij aoout 2,000. Tl , ' ut iwciuy ixdice in the partv, . '"; '.. been in the village si .:: ;' ." , dnlt'"6. and had killed si ''. 'r..-Ken uno a confectioner's shoo aftcrw-a.rd.- when 1 was in Tralee, a Trish Vol ' . : liju-c came a one to the crpamei-v- w-i1. irl"- tJ1' . V-,. :';1.: L.rao ."omeof the party went --:. TI'imi,Li w7r;r i 1 civilisation. it may be .in? tne Li.tv JxPHl? r????"18."1 som? of, England to hang an irish-bby of iu tc--.I, up,; ,V;r?' : in? ars. such circumstances, but it JUinot in from the engine-house." The Burning at Lixnaw. 'y add to Mr. O Donovan's statement that 'c ruins, ot the store, the charred doors '''ii (.iten nriiit.-l.l Vin. ..-i i i j... li . . "-i.il jjenoi, ana uie.i ii. ti -ale. Ibev can Iia ca l,.. .1.1.. . .. .. . .V r. K' 11 tin trouble to ' tn rim - i-.,tc the matter nt t.c mui . fc ...u MttllU. X lit? at A b bovdorne v wak t ,, .-. . y . -i BELFAST STATION SEARCH. , 'lainairr. done- " .: j.ii the. ruidor evidently thought when ' atch lire. But at Lixnaw ; t, v ..... ., M , 111 Lll3 BtNUO - 4 - it' nilli.e 1,. 1... l1. . . juonu-easr.-, tne to-- . Creamery suffered damage to the i between "10.CO0 and .ifnhri o; rn; estotii mi iNnT raid was madc or tho night of .. ti ' of mcn on a Plioe Inny lis nw 7vSf .directi Itowel Vinto 'aii d ., i Si th1eir Wfty th(?y a saad to have liaMh,; lh huso of tho O'SnUivans t ten ti?h00' iW0 ,miIes out of Listowel, " It Hill I Wn I'nc, i.1 r .l i . . . . .. ciils ..,,,ii J""1? ooeu the hair .of two and burned lmw t,a i.x -r policemen and soldiers, but absolutely innocent unonenaing civxnauo. The Truth of the Charges. ' The favourite apology of members of the Government is that these accounts come from what are called tainted Sinn Fein sources. Nothing is more untrue. It rests upon the evidence of perfectly independent, honest, and responsible correspondents not only of the English but of the American, and. European press, who are in Trfthmd. have seen with theHr own eyes what is going on." and have no motive' or inducement to pervert or distort the truth. It Tests upon the testimony of friends of bur own Englishmen and Scotsmen of undoubted veracity and reanonsihilitv. who also have eeii with their own nvs things' which have taken place. It Tests also upon the sworn testimony which has hf-fln eriveri in the Irish courts; themselves by witnesses who hare appeared in. claims made for compensation, for malicious injury. There can be no shadow of a doubt that there -is an overwhelming and irrefutable case of systematic and calculated outrage on the part of officers of the Crown. Mr. Asquith then referred to the case of Bal- briggan, where, he . eaid, two men were taken out and-murdered in -cold blood.-. That was not denied. When he asked the. Chief Secretary if atfir attempt was made to bring the offenders . - i . . i . n . .. IO-rUSWCt"- uecousts nicj iuu uavc uuou .pc- feotly well 'known as members of the police force-the answer was given -that nothing had hniin Aftrm Can voii. asked. Mr.' Asauitb. con ceive . an occurrence- more . calculated ' to bring theiaw into -disrepute, to cast shame and ais-hbnour on the uniform of officers' of the Crown nriS to deenen. intensify,' ."and- embitter, the already predoanhMmt .hostility of the great mass nf the neonle to the administration of the law? V I say to you. -speakinr with a full sense, of responsioimv .ior every .wora x urt, nai a. rlh not Rrtow"in the whole' history of British .rule. either in this island or in any of our depen-with anv- authenticated verified irooLi the casetof a systemiatio and practically, officially organised "campaign of crhn and violence such as has taken place and is taking; place to-day in rnoiariH -in vrair nnfne anrl. under. the authority of the-Orown. I anx aihazed arid ashamed of the lethargy with 'which the.Enelish' people regard these -things. There is not .a-man . or -a woman here wh.o Is - entrusted "with the franchise who, ou"htj not- to go home to-night; with a tbad iCOn-iSr.i anrTTii:: "sftiise'of shame that thev: are directlv or in"aireetly; responsible ior Governf ment which pejrnwteisuch tbjbwa. Cheers MR. MARK HAMBOURG'S RECITAL. We should like sometime to hear Mr. Hambourg jilay the "Meistersiugei '' Overture on the pianoforte, just to see how much Wagner would crumple, up before his onslaught, or how-far his manhood would stand the test of such handling. The child Beethoven, who wrote the "Waldstein" Sonata, suffers a gocd deal of be-littlcment from his mighty accentuations, and may be seen definitely to give way under theim The man Brahms, on the other hand, stands the test oE- Mr. Hambourg's attack amazingly well, ami even takes on an additional show of strength from the compelling, energy of -the player. We do not come to the end of him. A reading of the composer's Handel Variations by Mr. Hatnbourg still stands in the memory as a splendid thing after many years, and iast night the second hook of his Paganini Variations were as gorgeous. Brahms here goes, so to speak, a little beyond hiinself, and instead of wearing his own style takes on that of a composer extravagant and fantastic, and sets, the force of the' intellect and of a classic determination against the extravagance and wizardry of the world's super-violinist. Mr. Heil'ctz, only the night before, had shown us what a lean and yet beautiful thing Pagan ini's own Variations on this air might bo madc. Mr. Hambourg set. about showing us what a stout figure a sterner musician's emulation of them might become. The Brahms version in Mi. Hambourg s hands was not a whit less fantas-1 tic or extravagant, than the magic of Mr. Heife.lz: and, in the musical sense, how vastly it .transcended ! We should, not like to say that Brahms conceived the Variations just in such a manner; but we can imagine the composer beside himself with delight and wonder at the extravagance of which his musie was proved capable. For here there is no question of a fastidious musical expression: the Variations are a challenge to the easy extravagance of mere virtuosity, and an effort by such tran-scendant treatment as that of Mr. Ham'bpuxg proved victorious and supreme. 1 Cesar Franck. in his. Prelude. Chorale, and Fugue, was a mere tortured criminal by com parison. The vast harp of his extended ohords had its withers wrung 'tmtif the 'listener felt pained. For Cesar Franck must be set hi mellow tones, and have the haze of distance about him. before we can feel his romantic power. ' Chopin, fragile, but yet fahtastique, by his sheer swiftness escapes annihilation, and becomes a Jew with -unbounded Wealth to squander and display. His Etudes can hardly be taken too fast, and if they live in their details and their melody rather than in any comprehensive- bravura of 'handling - or style, they still yield an lamazing opulence however handled. The black-note istudy " was encored last night, and the notes lay as if strewn on a vast and countless heap before us. Move wonderful still, to our ear, waB the speed at which the second C major 'Study in broken chords was taken, and here the musie was hroueht into life bv the speed. The light fellows, Bavel and Debussy!:. were robbed of their sentiment, but Bavel especially gained more by being pranked out at- such a gorgeous speed than he had of sentiment to sacrifice in return. Debussy" became , a little, unreeog nisable before Mr. Hambourg . had done with him, having been knocked off his feet, first in this way and then in that.- .7; Arnold Bax in his " Whirligig" was' like a top that is .made to soin until it sleeps, majestic and profound. Listeners may have doubted Mr. Hambpurg's classics, at least so far as Franck and Beethoven were concerned, but . they could hardly withhold admiration at the riot of fontjistie. execution with which the recital ended. The ' Buins of Athens " Match by Beethoven and the Mock. Morris of Grainger, both played in the manner of the ' March Past," made a : tour de foret of - spectacular .rntinn. as encores, and the recital, ended amid the greatest ; enthusiasm. Mr. Ham bourg.now goes on aworld-tour. S. L. W t i DAccptsimPPC nM rrDAiiv pooiw v ------1-- v i , ti mi. kni,r hVnftA AfvTnmMiAr,the'--eondifciDiu DUBLIN. - : v ' ,vhich prevail the" iulopadii; in Irclahd. aai eliewhere. ot- we, jmuksm ."a"(W,i'9'" (From our Coiresiwiritent.) BBIfAST, Fkidax. The male passengers teaehiog Bajfaet at noon in the nine o'clock train ''fifiSTiiii-'ivwe'iiMd up on the platform at the .Great, ortheni 'terminus and searehed-by.aolders , fori arms "or am--nnmition. Wonten paefigeEs ejeiitW waiting-room and" subjedVito.' aijoaUar biliny by female aearcher One .ntan waa arre . A Requiam Jiass .waa celehrated this moi-hlng, UUrnea hav atul er-n. l.., .tl:.. '.: . w.atiAiii.nTwflnww'' n-crcK l- 7 gatea- that case I -into the gtoim trn - uo tho report guardedlv. There is praave.In the4ionalistV.e however, no doubt abnt. 415 EErilibnl ' ii1M,..opora.tlvo Creamery. destrovine'''J' .x ;'Af -item M$po &0mmmmmm& cm-... "wi, jtjjo omoa. tne wtesfl wnri-.avBri :iiiiuiin iu-a.fl'g' rw. tt. fi-. uj-uestrm inJthecolornes.,.;tf-K V '" " ' " When I saw," added- Mgqudh,t Jarge majority of those-wof usedmy.fneinfs, whOstUl V1i&sf$f;tpm Of kk-m r'LffO' mto'the'diviaion- 'lobby and ; sap- alism. Ves; week VICTIM OF GOIK AMBUSH. IRISH : FUSItlERS' : BAND " OrIciER'S FUNERAL. ' Lieutenant-DixbhivSuffoltBegiment attached tn "Essex Besiment), . who .was -killed- in the attack on two mili tary." lorries ."between Bandon and Cork On FroaayroWast week wasurietl at Dover yesterday.- xne papa; oi iu aoyax Irish Fusiliers, was present :;.-;, MORE- ARMOUREiEK "Mr. Churchill, reply tngtrto ' "nueBtion -in the; Commons, sid tbit large ;nuinbeTa of armoured cars armed with nhine-guns were already in Irelaiid,- and-eleps 'were befcg takn effect a! cbiaetoeftJi& Explanatory Note. The relations, between a mandatory Power and a mandated territory differ in kind from those between a sovereign State and is! dependencies. The mandatory's status is not'' Uial Ot a oroDiietfir hnf nf .j Inula,, txD !c . noi free to govern in hi own interests bv right o conquest. .Such authority as he exercises! over the inhabitants of the territory is exercised i on benaJf ot the League of Nations; and it is' COmprrprl tinnn l,!m ,.1ni :n. - ..: i l . 3U1CI.I WLH it V1C1V O BCCUie t,-ieir well-being and development and to open t,ie territory to the trade and enterprise of all me niemoers ot the l,eague. In accepting a annexation. He assumes the duty of tutelage. W ith the property lying within the mandated area the mandatory must deal in the manner appropriate to a trustee. Land which is used or capable of heine- nei inr v.o ;ni,ni,;u,i.- should, under the mandatory system, be their nil-,-, ITnn.n.i ! J , T . v. without rec02nised owners imrmnf. V,o on oimr.li- disposed of. But this, at least, may, be laid down that the inhabitants of the territory in which these sources of wealth are found should share in it3 advantages, that its exploitation should proceed on the lines laid down in the Covenant of the League of Nations, and that fees, expoit duties, royalties, or profits derived ium ii may oe properly retained by the mandatory to meet th but for no other purpose. j-i.ie manoatorys duties to the mandated territory go far beyond the dcvelonment. of if. economic resources. His concern is not solely or mainly the production of wealth, it is rather 111& weii-oeing ot tne inhabitants. The population of tropical Africa has rapidly declined during- the last generation. The mandatorv must use every endeavour to secure the extirpa- wv,.. t-iucuui: aim p.uaenuc diseases. -He is, inoreover, responsible not only for the physical welfare of the peoples under his care, but for their personal liberty. He must refuse, to tolerate their enslavement, tinder whatever name it may be called. Finally, he has undertaken to secure, not merely their well-being, but their development. He must, accordingly, do all m his power on the one hand to further the spread of education, and on the other to encourage the growth of suitable indigenous social and political institutions. Draft Mandate, Class B. Whereas it has been tlarirloA T,,- C.,nnn,n Council of the Allied and Associated Powers uiai. tne tutelage of the territory of (name of lernUry). hereinafter termed 'the territory. ShOUld. .Under Ml nrm-iemn. r,t T - 'c ations Covenant, he eniniatml n naTr, r mandatory), hereina ftCI ftJ.vlCrl tllft man Yaffil.,- and lyhereas the peoples inhabiting the above! im-iM-iouea territory are not yet able to stand by theriiselyes under the strenuous conditions ot Jib modern world, and the well-being and uociutiiuuiu oi wiese peoples lorm a sacred uu-it oi civuiaaiion. ami lor tho performance o. this trust securities have been embodied in t.-ic Covenant of the. League of Nations, and whereas tho territory is on -to whirO. tf she revels in hills the pick of the medium-powered cars 3& J OffiB. AH 5 of article 22 of the Leaene of "Vaiiana- r naiit is applicable and (name of mandatory) is willing to accept the tutelage of the peoples of the territory as mandatory on mehalf of the. League of .Nations: I. It is hereby asrreed hp.twfien rVm'n;i of tne League of Nations and the mandatory, hereinafter termed the contracting parties. tha the mandatory sliall administer the territory, subject: to the Covenant of the League of nations and to the conditions set out, under tite terms of this mandate. 11. It le further agreed between, the contracting parties that (1) Liberty of conscience and religion should be guaranteed to the inhabitants of the territory with no limitations other than may be imposed by the necessity of maintaining order: and thai . 2) Except for Tiurposes of police or for the defence cf. the lerritory, no fortifications or naval or military, bases ehall be established or maintained in the territory, nor shall any military training be given to the inhabitants of the territory ; and that (3) The traffic in arms shall be suppressed in accordance with the terms of the Orn- vention of Versailles, 1919, for that purpose; and that ; . -(4) The slave -trade in all its forms, and anv system of forced labour that ia analogous to slavery shall be completely suppressed in the territory; and that (5) The manufacture, import, export, or sale of potable liquids containing more than 12 per cent by weight of alcohol shall be forbidden in ..the territory; and that ; (6) There shall be equal opportunities for the trade and . commerce of all members . of the League of Nationsin the territory, and the grant of any monopoly or concession 'in- the nature of a monopoly shall not be valid unless communicated' to the League of Nations. 'III.. It is further agreed bet ween "the contracting parties that the weU-being and development of the peoples of the territory will be best guar anteed by the observance of the following prin ciples, viz: (1) The national status for all persons habitually; resident in the territory and not having other recognised-national status shall-be that of-citizens of the territory. Citizens of. the territory when outside the "boundaries of the territory shall 'enjoy the diplomatic and consular protection of the mandatory. ' : (2) No disability shall be imposed on and no privilege shall be. granted to any. person- in the territory by -reason only of his religion, place of birth, descent, colour, or any of them. f3V Native Governments shall -be mamtained or established for the administration of tribal affairs subject to the advice and veto oi tne mandatory Power. . . (4) There shall be a eradual.but steadily progressive education and trammtr of the -inhabi tants of the territory with a view to the development of- such a system of self-go vern-merit as may be aonroDriate for the territory and to tho development of the .territory for the benefit of its inhabitants. (S) Such a land policy shall e adopted as .will Afford to the inhabitants of the territory security of tenure and promote their econonuo independence and progress. v , - -Tiie mandatory shall- declare all lands not already alienated by 'regular title,; whether occupied or unoccupied" on the date .of frtho coming into force of this mandate, to be native lands; All native lands, and all nghf over same, shall, be under tne control ana- suojeec to the disijositiottior'the rnandatory, and shall be , held r and adminiateted -for- the use and ' cdrnmori Jbenefit- of the native of the territory, ,nri - ni title in the: occupation and tue;of any such lands-shall;: be valid without the consent: ot tne manaw-. ; . . Tiie inandatoiy, jn the exereisertlie powes conferred -tafethis tnandate with lespect. to any lands, 'elJifve regard to the native lawn . andchstOn$xtlng .in. the district in , winch (6) .All revenue, raised uvAhe. territory, ahall ;be c?mena- trpon.-; ilV. The mandory shall end to UiePerman. rnnnilliission Of' the Nations an anhualport eonberrdng fhe-terri' tonr for submission' to i the tmcit.df CegB.eJ could not possibly be described better than in this letter, dated 25th October, 1920, from Capt, E. R. Tongue-Croxall, Royal Temple Yacht Club, Ramsgate, who says : '"About six weeks ago I bought a Jordan car from your agents, Messrs. H. E.Stcel& Col,Cheitcnham,andIthmfc perhaps you may like to know how she is going ou. lean-not say too much about her; the acceleration is wonderful, and so arc her bill climbing powers. She revels in hills and goes up anv ordinary hill with just a touch on the throttle at practically any speed one wants ; no hills between here and London are any trouble and the pull up out of Folkestone on the Canterbury Road is child's play to her. - I have driven her about 1 500 milcsand have only been down to second speed twice. I have never bcen in a better sprung car or one easier to steer at speeds up to over 60 m.p.Ii. Her consumption of petrol works out at about 20 miIcspcrgallon,takingitall round, and her oil consumption j is very small.. I think you have the pick of the medium -. power :d c?.rs in this country. Wishing you all success."-1 This represents the feeling of the keen owner-driver towards the JORDAN. A trial run will convince you also. Write to ns.. The best dealer in every town sells, the Jordan JOSEPH A MAGKLE Lta. 16S REGENT-STREET- LONDON-Wl STAND 411 WHITE CITY Renovation & Redecoration Completed', this year ready for Immediate Occupation AFTER "j 'THE'-' LETTERS. SINN FEIN HOLD-UP I.N BELFAS.TTr A nariy :oCSinhB''l at the back entrae :of. the Belfast Post Office, .n hkirinvthe ofilciato and alliattent-' if- i.. v tThe; 'nit fiat. nvn-e' - .-'-"i; '"'iSS xi - v;: if a. dispute arises between the- of the Aeagueot sbvium juhi?; vuv. -irfAtii afttnnia doM UOt-troves eoaixzaieuf:, .A,fi 1 -i 1 - -JS a ismmmas fit A WECIWFT- HALU AUDENSYfAWT . -.,-' This Mansion, ittiaterf-in tonvirent posi ton for those -having business in! MAISCHEST.KHliDHaJvIj or ASHTONUJHDBR-LYNE TO;EtE FURNISHED. Ivr AtiM AiifM 'i"A"i h'nliif rkfj h itt ijf2tuM t -S MR. LLOYD staterOfice. ssssswsssswswssMWssMswsswsMmssmswmsssstKm , mmimm' w w mm ui'wji:'iS'sj " jBFrmi a n mum vsgss&nmm&m K&1UJfme?2.?'IaaZZ&'Z vJbil.lfl,rni1vA ITi, Jrtji I IT" IT irllt iUrf HI i milllrfiHwti fiMiT'J'lT.IHTiril-f ITIWIIIHfllilfidCT J m jpp i-.':.l- -. ft'- 1 je v-a 128 roomR' a-nA . .i , r5JS?5iii?i T . -JK mm

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