fME J ftmrier Newt - Friday, ApHI If, 1MI • I Farm REVIEW and ONE MORE TIME— Giving a city lawn the once over, John C, Worthington, Assistant, County Extension Agent, helps provide living" proof of the effectiveness of a new chemical designed to Kill dandelions. A hormone, the chemical grows the weed to death., (Courier News Photo) On Missco Farms By Keith Bilbrey, County Agent Keith J. Bilbrey County Extension Agent God is the master chemist, so "ar as I am concerned. How he ever got all the systems of the earth to operate in unison, I'll never understand. In fact, I'll lever get out of the first grade. It is a mystery to' me- that some of the micro nutrients are so necessary for plant growth, and yet; two or three ixtra pounds per acre will kill he same plant life. The soil plant food balance is not to be "messed r with" very much. You need to know what you are doing before adding, some magic plant food nu- riehls that are highly • advertised. ' For instance, the person who applies extra lime to a lawn without a : soil test, probably does not know what they are door garden in lytheville, with- not know what they are doing. ing in most cases, uncultivated soils iii this area have adequate and in some cases too much calcium, in the soil. Many BIytheville soils are often alkaline. A slightly acid soil -is better for most plants we grow. Some plants, like Irish potatoes, and azalea flowers, need' a strongly acid soil. We actually need to apply sulfur or aluminum sulphate to many of the town soils in this area to make it more acid. We certainly don't r,:ed more lime.. • .. • ; On farm soils that have been in cultivation for one hundred years, 'more or less, are more acid. Some of them are now acid enough that we need lime applications. . • -• There are at least 16 elements that are essential for plant growth. • The.three "primary" elements are,nitrogen, phosphorus and potash. These are the ones you most often hear about. These are the ones you most often buy in fertilizers for crop production. ' ..• - "•... •There are three "secondary" elements that we occasionally need to apply to some soil. They are calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. • , • The remaining 10 necessary elements are called "trace" ele- One acre of soil, six inches deep, weighs about two million pounds. Some .way, the Lord has arranged that you need about one pound or less of these micro nutrients per acre in order for certain plants to grow. If you or I apply five or 10 Sevenofthesemicrele.T ' • pounds of some of these micro nutrients into this two million pounds of soil, the crop will be poisoned. It can't grow. Seven of these micro nutrients also come from the soil. They are boron, chlorine, copper, iron manganese, molybdenum and he other trace elements — oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon. So, indiscriminate use of race elements are to be discouraged. Dr.' Woody Miley, our state. soils specialist,. recently said, "With some of the trace elements, there is a very narrow range between an adequate supply and an excess that may >e toxic to plants. With excess applications, plants may get weak or die. If they do not die, he plants may take up some of he'se micro nutrients, in amount hat become toxic -to animals hat eat the plants. Don't forget hat indiscriminate use of these micro nutrient elements can reduce crop production." We often say that farming is not an exact science. Some- Jmes, however, I think it is very exact. We need a little iodine in our mman system (a micro nu- ;rient) to prevent goiter. But if we drink just a very few drops of iodine, it's sudden death. Messing with the soil chemistry is serious business. ' •'- Down with Dandelions! Where, did the dandelions go o nthe courthouse lawn? Two weeks ago the courthouse lawn was yellow.with that pesky spring and sumfner weed, dandelion. Now all we can see is The county Extension agents demonstrated them out of exis- tance! The staff of: the County Extension Office wanted ^to dem-. onstrate to the people .of ;Bly-: theville .that they can eliminate all broadleaf weeds from their lawns, without hurting grass. ,They used a .relatively 'new selective weed killer known as 2, 4-D. . . . , If you want to be technical about it, the material they used was Isooctyl ester-.of. 2, .4; 5- Trichlorophenoxy acetic acid. It RISING AGRICULTURAL EXPORTJ 9 12 3 PILLIONS OF DOtUKS Steadily tiling agricultural exports, »xptettd thh ytar to match 1967's ncord high of $6.8 billion, an a major faetsr fci th« favorable U.S. balance of trade, lort year, 67 per cent of farm tale* of rice were for export as well n about half MM Mle* of such other major commoditiM m wheat, j ^ cotton and stain Mrahumi, I is sold locally under different trade names, one of the more common being Ortho's Weed- B.-Gon; : y.' One of the agents said that the average lawn could be sprayed twice with this chemical for less than $2.00. it sometimes takes two applications to complete the job. The chemical 2, 4-D is a hormone. It .grows weed?..-.te" death. It does not b'urn or poison them. It's a slow killer, often taking two -weeks"for maximum results. This 2, 4-D amine is now a standard recommendation for weed control in lawns, as found in the Arkansas Extension Service's new lawn weeds bulletin, Circular 528. There are some real precaur tions in using this material. For best results, it must be applied when the temperature is above 60 degrees for eight or ten hours. It is volatile and can damage shrubs and flowers if the material accidentally gets on them. Avoid drift. Do not apply when the wind is blowing. ' . . ., North Mississippi County citizens ,who are .having we e L ^ problems in their lawns might like to ask the'.Extension Service Office for!their Arkansas Lawn Weeds bulletin, .Circular 528. The bulletin carried pictures of 28 common lawn pests It also gives recommended controls for each. And that includes crabgrass! •sss Far liters' Demands i- - m By JOHN BECKLER Assdeia'teJ Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - The killing of thousands of pigs by farmers demanding higher prices for them dramatizes a rising interest among farmers in direct action rather than continued reliance on the complex and elaborate federal programs designed to help them. The direct approach is also evident in Congress, where farm legislation of an entirely new kind is being considered, based on the collective bargaining procedures guaranteed to labor and industry 30 years ago. During those three decades, the government, in. an effort to hold down farm production and stabilize prices, has erected a dizzying edifice of farm law. It takes 108,000 people to run the Department of Agriculture and it was "only., halt-jokingly that an amendment was offered a few years ago prohibiting the department from acquiring ] more employes than there were' farmers. -•' Yet despite costly, often confusing legislation the problems it is supposed'to'solve'continue: Farm prices still fluctuate sharply, production increases yearly and farm income last year was lower than it was 20 years ago. For the small farmer—the so- called "family farmer" Congress talks the most about helping—the situation grows 'steadily worse. Unable to take any of his small acreage out of production to qualify for price supports, he gets almost no benefit from the programs. Squeezed by higher costs for everything he needs, he is being forced off the land. In the last 15 years, 15 million people have moved from .the farms and rural areas into the cities, compounding the urban problems now tormenting the Planned Landscaping Saves Work By Sheila and Allan Swenon NEA Garden Specialists Easy care is a primary goal n good landscaping. Professional garden architects aim for minimum maintenance in planting and design of home grounds. You can gain more beautiful gardens with less work by following simple tips. Low maintenance landscaping requires thoughtful selection of plants. For example, look for hedges that require little or no trimming. Plan on open lawn spaces for easy mowing. If trees are included in the lawn area, they should be surrounded by a cir- cular planting of ground covers or mulched areas. This eliminates close mowing and risk of damage to the trees. Mulching should be used freely in flower beds and the shrub borders. All paved areas should be flush with the lawn to make mowing easier. Plant ground covers in all difficult - to - mow areas. It saves labor and eliminates the grass failure worry in shady spots. Avoid sharp corners in planting. Informal lines and gentle curve make it easier to mow. Put power to'work for'you this year. The nation's manu- 'acturers have developed a wide choice of mowers, tillers, trimmers and home grounds equipment. Consider renting tillers, but seldom used pieces of equipment. You don't have to tie up money in expensive equipment and you don't, have to store the machines either. Consider group buys among neighbors on seldom-used items to. share the cost and make life easier. Keep those thoughts in mind if you are building or altering your landscape this year. You'll find home grounds will be much easier to care for .and you have more leisure to enjoy them. nation, With 'the current farm : j?o« grams due to expne next year both the House and Senate'ate in the process of reviewing^ "them' and new departures have already been suggested. In the Senate a bill has been introduced that would gsve farmers the right to bargain co| lectively with processors on the' price of their crops. It is baH3.. on the same principle written i law <.! U'35 t-?.t j'.ave organized labor the right to bargain r. eo.ivel T ' on the terms oisits employment. ^ Originally tossed out-as^'a' suggestion by Secretary of Ajjp, culture Orville L. Freeman more than a year ago, the bill is .unlikely to advance very far this year. . ... r;A, •More promising is the'future' 'of another Senate bill that would extend the system of federal marketing agreements to'/all farm products. These prodtfc-f- tion-and-price agreements, WrF J bodying collective bargaining procedures, now apply only.joj; selected crops. '.' '•":.".;•. In the House-a bill to exffnd!';i ;he collective bargaining prificivl. lie to farm labor has been-'ap'^: proved by the House Education';, and Labor Committee. It woufcj". apply only to large farirjs,". 1 ' which would be required to recognize and bargain with a un-.. ion chosen by a majorityrot; their employes. Whatever the fate of tne$s: and similar bills they indicate^ an awareness in Congress that it may be better to let farmers, processors and farm workers work things out for themselves under the same rules that seem h - •• -P.. worked well for industry and labor. Why it pays to control early-season cotton insects Here's why it pays you to apply only 4 to 8 ounces of MalathionULV*Concentratetoachleve'ultra-low-vol-j ume control of thrlps, fl.eahpppers and leafhoppersij • gets cotton off to a fast start • cotton fruits faster • produces' a larger, higher quality, early yield This year, use Malathion ULV Concentrate, thar only insecticide registered for ultra-low-volume con-} trol of early-season insects. Place your order with your dealer today, and arrange with your aerial applicator to apply It Before using any pesticide, stop and read tho libel. E TS; ^ - v ^.r -• SEED BEANS • REGISTERED DAVIS • CERTIFIED DAVIS • REGISTERED HILL • REGISTERED LEE; BLYTHEVILLE SEED CO. PHONE PO 3-6856 or PO 3-8137 TSft,«* "» %*- '*- v t, *w ••.•XfeMrfS?' *~-^"Ks3! iP n^Zft il't^A"..
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