WEDNESDAY, JULY 28,1954 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE THKEB Cotton Farmer Must Be 'Sold LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Today's cotton farmer will have to be "sold" on the idea of mechanization. That's the opinion of Harold A. Young, North Little Rock, who addressed the opening session of the eighth annual Beltwide Cotton Mechanization Conference here today. Young stated that the technolo- . gical progress of recent years — in the form of new equipment — was "relatively easy" due to (1) a farm equipment vacuum after World War H, (2) the higher-than- average farm income, and (3) the labuor shortage. Young said: ''The new era in which we now find ourselves is substantially different. The -vacuum has lessened considerably as a result of increased mechanization, and the net Uicome of farmers has lowered noticeably. In other words, increased mechanization, if measured simply by the number of items of equipment actually in use on farms, has slowed perceptibly." Council Chairman The speaker, Cotton Council board chairman, said that farmers cannot afford to slow down on mechanization — but this fact 1 must be made clear to him i through "wholehearted teamwork between local dealers, the extension service, vocational agriculture and other groups." Young, one of the two main speakers before a body of 600 at the eighth annual meeting, said that the gains in .ecent years in mechanization had created many other difficulties. As examples, he cited the problem of better crop residue disposal, the problem of land preparation for precision planting, pre-emergence weed control and the problem of training operators to use farm machinery properly. p. V. Wells of Washington, administrator of the Agricultural Market Service, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, another speaker at the opening session, said that the cotton farmers must be "market conscious." He said: "An efficient Southern agriculture can exist only as a part of an expanding U. S. economy, within which the South itself plays a satisfactory role." Tobacco Firms Plan Awards For kesearch YORK ffl—The tobacco industry research committee has outlined a three-fold program on the basis of which it will award funds for scientific study of tobacco and its effects on smokers. Dr. Clarence Cook Little, scientific director of the committee, said yesterday that research will be conducted in these three areas: "1.- Study of the physical and chemical composition of tobacco and accompanying products. "2. Study of tissue changes in humans and in animals under Various conditions. "3. Study of smoking and other . tobacco habits and of the emotional and physical makeup of smokers." Little said the committee's advisory board is reviewing applications for specific research projects. The committee was set up this year with an initial fund of $500,000 provided by cigarette manufacturers, tobacco growers and warehouse associations. Formation of the committee was announced following reports that cancer was linked to cigarette smoking. Validity of 'these reports has been questioned by tobacco industry spokesmen and others. Two Tin Badges Are Convincing OAKLAND, Calif. (ff>)— The bus sign said "No smoking." But Russell A. LaPlaca, 26, smoked. When the man behind pointed to the sign, Russell replied, "Who says?" The man was Police inspector William G. Martin and he showed his badge. "Anyone can have 7 a tin badge," Russell said. In back of Martin was Police Inn- spector J. C. R. McDonald, who also showed his badge. Then all three got off and went to Southern Station, where Russell posted $25 bail for smoking on a public conveyance and snuffed out his cigarette. Speeders Get Summons — And Telephone Number MISSOURI VALLEY, Iowa (£>)— Police Chief Everett Gochenour hands both a ticket and a card to every speeder or reckless driver he arrests. The card cays: "To whom this may concern: "In case of death of personal injury by speeding or reckless driving, please call the funeral home at " Gochenour asks the violator to fill in the blanks and carry the card in his billfold. Expensive Collection COLUMBUS, Ohio M— It cost the state 36 cents yesterday to collect 1 cent in sales tax revenue. Furniture dealer John Glancy of Goshen in southern Ohio sent a check for a penny by registered mail. State Treasurer Roger W. Tracy had to pay 36 cents postage due. Colombia Seeks Red Ban BOGOTA, Colombia (ft — President Gustavo Ofjas Pinilla asked the nation's Constituent Assembly last night to bar international communism from Colombia. The President told the Assembly that democracy endangers itself by permitting groups directed by foreign powers to prosper. SWINGING INTO ACTION—Philip Rosenblum, Signal Corps engineer, prepares to take a picture of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D. C., with the Army's new camera equipped with a 100-Inch telephoto lens. The camera is mounted on the grounds of the Lee Mansion at the Arlington National Cemetery. Judge Gives Medical Advice LONG BEACH, Calif. (£>) — A young mother has been ordered by a judge to wean her baby. Mrs. John C. Honeycutt and her to forgoing 30 checks totaling $700 They claimed they used the money to buy food and medicine for then- daughter Debra, 5 months old. When Mrs. Honeycutt told -the court she was breast-feeding her baby, Superior Judge Joe Raycraft ordered her to put the child on a bottle and return Aug 9 for sentence. New Theories Advanced in Cause of Cancer Physical/ Emotional Stresses in Woman's Life Are Suggested By ALTON L. BLAKESLE SAO PAULO, Brazil — LftThe physical—and perhaps emotional— stresses in a woman's life were suggested today as a possible cause of cancer of the cervix, one of the greatest killers among the disease's many forms. The theory was advanced to the sixth International Cancer Congress by Dr. Ernest Ayre of the Cancer Institute at Miami, Fla. The cervix is the neck or lower part of the'uterus or womb. It is one of the most common sites of cancer among women. Dr. Ayre gave this explanation of his concept, which he said involved a kind of chain-reaction irritation of the cells forming the tip of the cervix ; It may begin with an inflammation in the uterus continuing for a. long time. The inflammation causes the release of mucous which has been found to contain the female sex hormone. The cervix normally is exposed to this hormone at only certain times each month. But continuous exposure could well be an additional irritant to the cervical cells. The mucous secretion also is possibly alkaline enough to affect some cells. Ayre said the process could cause scar tissue to form at the critical site. Such tissue would deprive some cells of nutrients necessary for health and force them o live at a disadvantage, which perhaps would be enough to turn hem cancerous. The specialist said emotions can affect the glandular and nervous system, and emotional stress could also affect adversely the cervical ells. The great possibility of cancer prevention lies in learning how- cancer begins and interrupting the process, Ayre said. He told the congress the most practical present preventive is the regular examination of cells which always are being cast off from the cervix. husband pleaded guilty last month Eead Cour i er # ews classified Ads. In such examinations, experts can watch for signs of changes which indicate the cells are cancerous. Hurricane pahs now can be spo- ed win seismographs, he insru- Needle Comes Out SANTA ANA, Calif. (&— A physician removed an inch-long needle yesterday from the right, foot of Guy J. Gilbert, 83. menst that record earth quakes. 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