BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 107 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Ike Says Air Attacks Are Part of Plan Reds Seeking To Split Allies, President Says WASHINGTON (AP)-President Eisenhower said today the Chinese Communist attacks oh American and British planes are part of the Red plan 'to split the Western allies. He declared the United States means to defend its rights. The President told a news conference the American rescue planes which were attacked by the Chinese Communists were engaged in legitimate business. The President also dealt with these other matters: Legislative program — Eisen- however said he would be more than bitterly disappointed if Congress should adjourn without approving such administration measures as those dealing with foreign aid, farm policy, tax revision, social security and housing. Debt Limit Increase Needed And he added, in reply to a question, that he feels an increase in the 275 billion dollar national debt ceiling is inescapable. Anglo -• Egyptian — he said he is highly pleased with the agreement reached-by Great Britian and Egypt on terms for settling their argument . over the .Suez Canal Zcne. * The agreement reflects statesmanship and patience on both sides, he'said; adding that he hopes Egypt now will be able to advance with her friends from both economic and security standpoints. Politics — Eisenhower said he still supports Sen. Cooper (R-Ky) for re-election despite Cooper's break with the adminiistration on two votes in connection with the Atomic Energy bill. The president said Cooper came to him and was honest about the whole thing in explaining his position. He.said he respects the senator's opposition on a legal question involved In the issue. ...Pcfd prices — The President expressed the hope that food prices will stabilize if Congress passes the administration bill calling for a flexible farm price support program? instead of the rigid support plan now in -effect. Freer Trade Tariffs — The United States, the President said, must continue to work toward a freer flow of world trade, even though he found it necessary to hike the tariff on certain imported watches up to 50 per cent. Eisenhower ordered the increase yesterday. Switzerland, which supplies this country with most of its imported watch movements, said the tariff hike dealt a serious blow not only to existing good relations between Switzerland and the United States, but also to the very principle of freedom of trade. The President said he made a long study of whether to increase the duty on imported watches and concluded that from the standpoint of national defense it was imperative to preserve certain skilled industries in this country. Ke was referring, he said, to fine tolerance precision instruments. German- sovereignty — The President said he is not ready to announce just what steps he might take toward granting sovereignty It. Western Germany. A resolution approved yesterday by The Senate Foreign Relations Committee in effect supports sovereignty by direct presidential action unless France ratifies • the European Defense Community treaty. Air Base Signed by Ike But Just What It Means Is Not Quite Clear Associated Press today reported that President Eisenhower signed legislation authorizing $1.69 million in construction at Blytheville's Air Force Base. According to the AP, the bill carries no money for the work, with appropirations coming later in separate legislation. If this is true, it would indicate that additional funds are being voted the Blytheville base as previous legislation has concerned itself with reprogramming of already -appropriated funds. But speculation regarding this authorization leads most of those persons close to the base project only into more legislative red tape. More than 18 million has been released for construction work on •the $12 million base and work is to get started within the next week or ten days. Also in today's bill signed by the president was $11.9 million 'for Littlt Rock Air Force Base. Senators Cannot Be Neutral on McCarthy Censure—Flanders WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) said today "senators can't claim neutrality" on his resolution proposinig a formal vote of censure against Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis). Flanders told newsmen he is determined to press his resolution to its promised vote on Friday. He said he will contend then that any senator absent from the roll call without good reason will have " voted to dodge" the issue. He said senators in effect "have to vote 'yes,' 'no' or 'dodge-it,'" on the resolution. Vote Promised Sen. Knowland of California, the Senate Republican leader, has promised that Flanders can have a vote on the issu^ Friday, possibly in the form of a motion by Knowland to kill the resolution. Such a motion is not debatable. Flanders said he hopes, however, to get time to make a speech to "pinpoint" some of the reasons he thinks the Senate should declare that McCarthy -has been guilty of conduct unbecoming a senator as chairman of the Senate Investigations subcommittee. Flanders said he has "assurances from the Democratic side" that Democrats won't use the issue as an excuse for a long debate to prolong this session of Congress. He said he expects Knowland will let the resolution come up Friday as scheduled, and "I expect a vote on it the same day." Amendment Eyed Sen. Capehart (R-Ind) has announced he may offer an amendment proposing that the Senate also censure Flanders for unbecoming conduct in his attacks on McCarthy. Flanders said he has heard about that ".and I will ask that Sen. Capehart's amendment be rejected." There was no further comment from McCarthy, who says he attributes Flanders' blasts at him to "senility." A-Bill Controversy GoestoConference WASHINGTON (AP) — Controversy over the bill designed to carry out President Eisenhower's atomic program shifted today behind closed doors after a marathon debate in t|ie Senate finally-'ended last night with 57-28 passage. — ——• —+ A Senate-House conference committee now must adjust basic dif- P I ^4%|^l%i*«%4j%f« ferences in separate versions of a I rfVIlT I PlPni flli V kig kill £° open the atomic power LIJj|JI VvlVIJl UlvJ field to private industry and to authorize the release of limited nuclear information to U. S. allies. Senate passage came at 9:47 p.m.' last night, at the end of 13 days and nearly 169 hours of acrimonious debate. The bill was supported by 44 Republicans and 13 Democrats and opposed by 2 Republicans, 25 Democrats and in-, dependent Sen. Morse of Oregon. Patents Postponed The Senate adopted amendments to the atomic energy bill, a revision of the 1946 basic act, to authorize 'the Atomic 'Energy Com- British Plan To Leave Suez Agreement Signed To Remove Troops From Canal Zone CAIRO, Egypt (#)—All Egypt celebrated today at the announcement that the British have agreed to pull their 83,000 troops out of the Suez Canal zone, probably by mid-1956. Egyptian Prime Minister Gamal Abdel Nasser and British War Minister Antony Head signed a preliminary pact last night, agreeing on principles to be incorporated into a formal treaty. The final accord is expected to be signed in a month or two. The agreement ended the two nations' long -,nd often bloody dispute over"control of the big land and air bases which Britain built in the strategic zone at a cost of $1,200,000,000. Can Return It provides that all British troops will be withdrawn from the Suez within 20 months after the final treaty is signed, but that Britain can use the bases again if any of the eight Arab states or Turkey is attacked. Britain also will maintain the present military installations along the 104-mile-long canal for seven years with civilian technicians. Col. Anwar Sadat, a member of Egypt's ruling Revolutionary Council, said last night Britain and the United States had agreed in principle to -supply Egypt with military aid now that the Suez issue i s settled. Sadat said the Egyptian army would be doubled within five years. The United States officially stood aside in the Suez negotiations. But throughout the talks U.S. Ambassador Jefferson Caffery kept in close contact with both sides and acted as a major consultant in helping to work out compromises, just a s he had during the parleys on the Sudan. Democrats Fail In Bid to Strip Tax Cut Plan WASHINGTON (.¥) — The House today defeated a last-ditch Democratic move to strip a tax cut on dividends from President Eisenhower's tax revision program. The next move is expected to be final passage of a compromise, 1,000-page revision measure which would reduce the nation's 1954 tax bill an estimated $1,363,000,000. But action was held up for a time to hear a speech by Korean President Syngman Rhee. Democrats moved to strike from the bill a disputed provision to permit taxpayers to subtract 4 per cent of their dividend income from the tax payment they otherwise would make. Their move would have sent the bill back to a House-Senate Conference committee, which worked out the compromise version. The Senate still has to act on the compromise. mission (AEC) and other federal agencies to build atomic power plants, if they can get the funds. It also postpones any exclusive nuclear patents for 10 years. The House bill, passed Monday, grants normal patent rights for civilian atomic developments not conceived under government auspices and bars the AEC from the A-power business. These differences must be hammered out behind closed doors. Opposition senators have threatened another talkfest if their version is jettisoned. The House, un- dPr strong leadership control, appeared equally insistent upon its measure. There appeared to be few differences between House and Senate versions on these other main provisions in the bill: 1. Authority for the President to give foreign allies limited information on the performance of nuclear weapons and civilian atomic power and authoritjr to start negotiations for a global A-pool to help backward nations. Both houses defeated attempts to widen the President's authority. And he must gel congressional approval for any rnternational atomic agreements. Power Plan Approved 2. New security regulations, emphasizing periodic release of non- strategic information and giving the AEC more authority to order full field investigations for sensitive jobs. 3. Legal definition of the AEC chairman as the commission's "official spokesman" with some added administrative control, while specifying equal authority for all five AEC commissioners, A second major battle swirling Around the measure may have further repercussions. The Senate approved an amendment by Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) specifically approving an Eisenhower directive to have the AEC contract with a Southern utility group for new private power facilities to serve the Memphis, Tenn., area over Tennessee Valley Authority lines. Cherry and Faubus in Runoff; McClellan's Lead Increases John L. McClellah Another Polio Case Reported Senator Claims Victory By 5,000 Votes LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Sen. John McClellan's lead over his three opponents for Democratic re-nomination in Tuesday's Arkansas primary inched ahead today and the bespectacled McCarthy * Army prober claimed victory by 5,000 votes. A majority over combined opposition -would give McClellan the Democratic nomination, tanta- mounnt to election in Arkansas, j without further contest. McClellan had a lead of 4474 Totes over his combined opposition when he made the statement. He polled 169,601 votes in 2268 of the state's 2307 precincts as his closest opponent — and most bitter political, rival — Ex-Gov. Sid McMath received 127,222. Arkansas Democratic Committeeman Paul Chambers had 29,878 and Leonard Ellis received 3022. McMath said today he would have "no statement until the returns are certified." Inquiry Blamed McClellan blamed his attendance at the McCarthy-Army hearings — where he was the senior Democratic committeeman and spokesman for the Democratic faction — for his majority not being larg- Governor's Race Results Bring Surprise Francit Cherry Orval Faubus Missco Voters Back McClellan, Cherry Rep. Oren Harris the state's House delegation in One case of paralytic polio was reported in Mississippi County last week bringing the total for this year to 10, according to Mrs. Annabell ill, county health nurse. Contracting the disease was Marilyn Allen, 22-month-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Allen of Half Moon. Marilyn was not hospitalized and on last report she was improving Mrs. Fill said. SENATOR facing opposition — easily whipped a field of tnree roes. He received 33,334 votes, Robert Hollinger 3009, G. W. Lookadoo 17,957 and Norman Warnock polled 10,524. Only eight of the district's 500 precincts were unreported. In the Senate race—McClellan's first in. 12 years—McMath lashed into the "''incumbent as 'a~-*to"0l of '.'the power, interests" and "the Texas oil millionaires." The conservative McClellan denied or ignored the McMath charges, said he was willing to stand on his public record and said McMath had been "repudiated by 10(^000 votes" — the approximate margin of McMath's defeat two years ago. At one time last night McClellan claimed a "trend" had been established and predicted alftly that he would be nominated without necessity of a runoff. Neither changed his viewpoint later. However, the McClellan margin didn't grow — and sometimes narrowed — as vote totals in- See McCLELLAN on page 14 * # # GOVERNOR Mississippi County voters gave majorities to Sen. John L. McClellan and Gov. Francis Cherry in yesterday's Democratic preferential primary and gave Jonesboro's Terry Shell a 271-vote lead over Ralph E. Wilson of Osceola in the prosce- cuting attorney's race. O Unofficial returns from 57 of the county's 58 boxes gave majorities to Tom Gentry in his race for re-election as attorney general and Claude A. Rankin in his bid for another term as state land commissioner. In Mississippi County, Sen. McClellan beat ex-governor Sid McMath by three and one-half to one. While receiving a majority, Gov. Cherry's margin was not a wide one. He polled 53 per cent of the county vote with Orval Faubus running second. Gentry polled slightly more than 58 per" cent of the Mississippi County votes and Rankin received ^nearly '80" per ' cent. Unofficial returns from over the district this morning gave Shell a commanding lead in the race for prosecuting attorney, but the Jonesboro lawyer found himself faced with a runoff against Frank Snellgrove. Unofficial final returns found Shell with 15,028; Wilson, 5.518: Snellgrove, 7,042; and Methvin with 4,474. Shell carried every county but Poinsett. home of Methvin, who beat him there by 2,553 to 1.579. Thus, Shell had but 15,000 of some 33,000 votes, missing a majority needed to avert a runoff. Here are the unofficial returns from 57 of the county's 58 boxes: ATTY. GEN. ! LAND COM. PROS. ATTY. • 2 ~ 2 " 3 ^ S. O ~ o Occupation Payment Set Bonn, Germany (>P)—The West German government has agreed to continue paying 600 million marks $142,800,000 a month in occupation cost until Sept. 30, 1954, the Allied High Commission announced today Inside Today's Courier News . . . Vic Wertz Looms as Indian*' Bijr Man Now ... Orioles' Situation Calls for Fast Work on Part of Front Office . . . Sports . . . Payes 10 and 11 ... . . . Chinese Reds Wipe Out Friendly Memories of II. S. . . . Editorials ... Page 8 ... . . . Osceola News and Feature . . . Page 5 ... . . . Leachville: Courier News Photo Feature . . . Page 6 ... No. 9 Blytheville 3 40 & 8 Clear Lake Bly. 2 (Gill) Ch. Township Bly. 2 (Water) Armorel Laney's Gin Rosa Keiser City Keiser Twp. Osceola l Osceola 2 Osceola 3 Osceola Twp. Leachville Twp. Box Elder Boynton Leachville, City Pecan Point Wilson Victoria Osceola Abs. Milligah Ridge Fr. Bayou Joiner, City Joiner. Twp. Go.snell Half Moon Dell, City Dell, Twp. Huffman Home Gin Bly. l (Seay) Etowah Bassett Carson Lake Yarbro Prom. Land Bly. Abs. Burdette Dyess Stillman West Ridge Luxora City Luxora Twp. Brown Spur Whitton Roseland Lowrance Manila Box 1 Shady Grove Manila Twp. Bly. 1 (C. H.) Bly. 4 Lost Cane Tomato .8.5.1 222 64 ! 14: 144; 49; 314; 78, 20; 30 i 80! 156J 336J 161 23! 95! 16' 338J 55' 57] 41! 81 23i 39! 23; 37; 46j 28! 134 i 37 : 139 83 22: 21! 32 43 ; 61! 112| 88! 129! 33! 8| 93, Hi 4i 26J 70! 4| 29 j 0! 21! 4J 5| 15| 47! li 67i Oi 51 5; li I2i Oj 6! 22| 41! 91 49j 26! 33i Ij 9\ 30; 21! 0! 5; 19i 9 19 i 17; 235 ! 12! 5j 530: 5j 116! 109| 20! 36' 20! 15! 297; 127; 55 35, 16 : • 14' 20!; 1.. 0!; 9J; 20;; 0! 6; 1 3! sii 0!; 0: 0 67 : o;; 83; 154; 66: 6: 78.; 29, 135 i 77 : 9: 20; 21; 10 23 25; 6! 95, 5| 50^ 20; 166; 0: 34 8 73| 12; 85! 142, 84; 288J Oj 16| 58' 43 1 9 111 67 13; 3361 4' 9; 15!' 4 ! 3 18: o. 6 46! 77: 14! 79| 2| 68i 31; 105 8 13; ii ! 10; 12; 73; o; 6| 361 44j 12 i 16! is; 12! 1! 30j 68 i 34; 73 i 541 Hi 15; 52 57 1 2 28 i 18; 71 22i 22!! 99 li! 33!! 9'! 110: H; is; 22i 161 221J . Qi ft; 185; 2801 80, 37. 131 13 11! 152 137' 65! 34> 111 11! 2! 70! 5! 6J 50: 17! 76i 4| 5| 2! 61 1! 2! 7, 11; l! 27J 20! 32; 2! 20! 4! 7i Ij 0; 3j 16! 5' 4i Oi 55; 51! 2i 2! oi 9: 5! 10; 4; is; o 14' 12 2 14, li 0 1' 21 5, 14; 771 17; 11! LITTLE ROCK' (AP) — Francis Cherry, the man who became governor "by the biggest majority in Arkansas history, yesterday was forced into a runoff fight for a second term nomination. Orval Faubus, 44-year-old Huntsville weekly newspaper publisher and onetime close political associate of former Gov. Sid McMath, will battle it out with Cherry for the governor's nomination at the second primary on Aug. 10. At yesterday's statewide pre - ferential primary Faubus and two other Cherry opponents amassed enough votes between them to more than offset the incumbent'* pace-setting total. 30,000 Behind Since no one had a majority of all votes cast, that sent the question of who'll be Arkansas governor for the two years beginning | next January into the second primary. . With a total of 322,917 votes reported unofficially from 2267 of the state's 2302 polling boxes Cherry had 154,699. The second place Faubus was some 46,000 votes behind with 108,725. State Sen. Guy Jones of Conway ran third with 41,241 votes and Gus McMillan of Sheridan fourth with 18,252. McMillan immediately pledged his support to Faubus and Faubus said he gladly accepted the backing. Jones withheld any announcement of his plans. However, in view of his bitter opposition to Cherry, it would, be surprising if he didn't formally get on Faubus' side. Cherry also has made no formal statement, although he commented informally last night — before the fact became apparent — that it looked like there'd be a runoff. Incumbents "won easily in two other races involving state offices. With returns in from 2,136 pre- but Gov. Cherry lost 19! cLn f s - Att >*- ^en. Tom Gentry, 1 seeking a second term nomination, had 161,247 votes to 116,435 for State Sen. Jim Johnson of Crossett and 13,485 for Phil McNemer of Little Rock, Veteran Land Commissioner Claude Rankin beat Doyle Yopp , „ , of Paragould and W. R. Younts of In BIyiheville voting. McClellan, j Little Rock ^ 2>141 prec incts Cherry, Gentry and Rankin car- Rankin got 181,822 votes, Yopp 77,- ried all wards and the absentee' 344, and Younts 28,090. box. In the prosecuting attorney's i race. Shell carried Wards One. i fident. said Three and Four to poll 110 more [ the runoff, votes than Wilson, who carried Ward Two by three votes and the absentee box by the same margin. Here's how the voting went in Senate MCCLELLAN — 5,034 McMATH — 1.392 CHAMBERS — 202 ELLIS — 15 Governor CHERRY — 3,461 FAUBUS — 2,493 JONES — 314 McMILLIAN — 252 Attorney General GENTRY — 3,694 JOHNSON — 2.468 McNEMEE — 157 Land Commissioner RANKIN — 4,905 YOPP — 868 YOUNTS — 348 ••-•• 'Prosecuting Attorney SHELL — 2,839 WILSON — 2,586 SNELLGROVE — 760 METHVIX — 356 Sen, McClellan carried all cept five boxes in Mississippi j County county boxes. The Faubus vote was heaviest in Wilson (325 to 18 for Cherry) and in Whitten (235 to 15). There were ties in the senate race in the Brown Spur box and in the governor's race at Box i Elder. I Blytheville: Senate Faubus. appearing calm and con- he'd beat Cherry in Surprise Reversal Whatever outcome of the Aug. 10 balloting, the fact that a runoff McClellan 1.198, Mc-j 4! li 12! 4! 20' li 0! ii Oi H; 0: 10; .Oj 24i 3j i! oi i! 0! ii 51 Oi 6! ij oi 4! i! i! 20| 4 ! oi li 2! 0! 9! 3 0, 0| oi 69! 34i 4 0! 28! Math 427, Chambers 93, Ellis 12. Governor — Cherry 972, Faubus 480, Jones 143. McMillan, 70. Attorney General — Gentry 1,057. Johnson 459, McNemer 65. Land Commissioner — Rankin 976. v opp 319, Younts 113. Prosecuting Attorney — Shell 676, Wilson" 566. Snellgrove 351, Methvin 93. A total of 6,643 votes were cast in the county yesterday while a I total of 1,730 were cast in Blythe-j ville. j This was almost one-third less j than the 9,406 votes cast in the 19- j 52 preferential primary, when two county races added local interest. In Blytheville, 2.662 votes were cast in the first 1952 primary. By 10:30 last night, returns from all 'Mississippi County precincts except Tomato had been received. The Tomato returns were still unreported at noon today. The Mississippi County Democratic Central Committee is scheduled to meet in Osceola at 9:30 a. m. Friday to certify the returns. Cotton Growth In Some State Fields Said Halted Totals 1,5034,13921 15, 202 ; ]3461, 252, 314,2493^2468, 157:3694,,4905, 668, 348,,2839:2568, 760j 365, LITTLE ROCK i^— The Federal- State Crop Reporting Service said yesterday that cotton growth in some fields has practically stopped. The service said the state still needs general rain, despite showers that hit nearly every county in Arkansas last week. The service said the showers, which were heaviest in the south, east central and northeast portions of the state, particularly helped cotton, rice, soybeans, late corn, late hay. sorghum and pastures. The report said a feed shortage i still exists in the state. The outlook for a good rice crop was reported favorable. Also reported improved by the showers was the £1- berta peach crop. developed construes a surprising reversal for Cherry. Two years ago lie defeated McMath for a third term as gox'ernor by a runoff majority of around 100.000. Faubus once eliminated himsali from the current governor's race and then got back in it just before the ticket closed. His campaign started slowly, but seemed to pick up steam as it went along with more and more Cherry opponents concentrating their efforts behind him. Like the other Cherry foes, he Faubus lashed into the governor's record on a variety of counts, ranging all the way from "mistreatment of the old folks," to the Cherry sponsorship of a proposed constitutional amendment for tax assessment at 100 per cent of value rather than the present variable percentage value. Faubus was the first candidate for governor to try to tie Cherry to utility rate increases and he kept hammering away on that theme. He. charged that Cherry and, the Cherry-appointed Public Service Commission could have prevented increases by Arkansas Power and Light Co. and the Arkansas Louisiana Gas Co. Cherry replied that the rate* were increased under a law re- quring bonds guaranteeing refunds if the boosts eventually were found See ELECTION on paje 14 Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy through Thursday, widely scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers, mostly in the extrenm south portion today, tonight and Thursday: no important temperature change*. Minimum this morning— 75. Maximum yesterday — 93. Sunrise tomorrow — 5:08« Sunset today — 7:05. Mean temperature (midway high and low)— 83. a. m. today iitst Non*. hours 10 7:00 Precipitation Jan. 1 «• thlt 4at»— 26.3C. This Date Last Yttr Maximum yesterday— 98. Minimum this mornlnt—73. Precipitation January i » 4»t*-* 34.21.
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