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The Montgomery Advertiser from Montgomery, Alabama • Page 1
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The Montgomery Advertiser from Montgomery, Alabama • Page 1

Montgomery, Alabama
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Riot-Study Commission Say Nation Threatened by Split Story 07i Page 6 The Weather Montgomery: Fair, windy and cold Friday. Fair to partly cloudy and continued cold Fri-, day night. High Friday 43, low Friday night 27. (Details, Up, 4 Page 2.) 141st Year-No. 53 NEWSFLASHES Direct From Newsroom Of Advriisr-Journl By Ttlephent 10c Montgomery, Ala. Friday Morning, March 1, 1968 28 Pages tr ike for Raise Educator Says Teachers MayS Bettenfield's group recommended that the legislature consider removing the sales tax exemptions which, it has beea estimated, would produce $111 million a year. The group reminded the committee that the sales tax is tne principal source of SETF finances and that every exemption to the sales tax over the past several years has reduced the income of the fund while it should have been A legislative subcommittee heard a leading state educator prediJt Thursday that Alaba na teachers may strike unless some way is found to increase their salaries. Bill Eddins of Mountain Brook, who heads the Alaaatia Association of School Administrators, told a subcommittee of the Legislative Council that Alabama needs "a positive irogram for preventing and avoiding a crisis." He said larger enrollments. rising costs of living and the need for higher quality eduction in Alabama are the clref reasons the state needs tc increase school financing. The subcommittee, headed by Rep. Pete Turnham of Lee, is charged with studying ways to finance education. The subject was selected by the council as one of its major interests in the next legislative session. Earlier in the day, ihe subcommittee heard a request from a three-man delegation from the Alabama Association of School Boards. They asked that more of the Special Educational Trust Fund revenues be devoted to the Minimum Fund Program and -teacher welfare provisions, with less to "other educational services." C. R. Bettenfield of the Jefferson County's School Board said that in establishing the Minimum Fund Program the legislature intended to provide primarily for the public elemen- Commission. Discussing possible sources of revenue to finance their demands, the educators pointed to ad valorem tax reforms and removal of the numerous exemptions to the state sales tax. Eddins said he could think of no tax source the state doei not already have, but he suggested that the state will nave to broaden the base for its school taxes or raise the ra'2 of taxation. tary and secondary schools. In its first year, he said, 90 5 per cent of the SETF fundi went into the Minimum Fund Program for elementary 3nd secondary schools. Nine per cent went to institutions of higher learning and .5 per cent to "other educational services," Bettenfield said. But in the 1966-67 school year, expenditures in the MFP were down to 62.4 per cent of the total; 16.8 per cent went to higher education and 20.8 per cent to "other educational services." The number of these services rose from five in 1935-36 to 69 in the 1936-67 period. The school boards associaition also recommended that no appropriations be made for'capital outlay or private schools. It said it will recommend no changes in the basic principles of the MFP until due consideration is given to the report of a current Education Study 9 I Actions eac Freighter Burns Off Cuba 10 MIAMI, Fla. (AP) All but Altec two crewmen aboard the 328- foot freighter Azar were evacu ated to Cuban soil Thursday aft Ji er the Liberian-regktered ship burned one mile off Cuba, the captain of a rescue vessel re ported. Capt. Ole-Chr. Bjornstad of the Norwegian-flag cruise liner Sunward, which entered Cuban territorial waters to help the Walkouts Threatened By Unions stricken freighter, said the Food, Medical Costs Lead Cost of Living Increase Azar's captain and his radio op erator were the only crewmen still aboard when the Sunward arrived at the burning vessel. The Azar's captain had sent been it could easily have the other members of the crew to the Cuban mainland in a lifeboat, Bjornstad reported to his By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Increasingly vocal teachers' four-tenths," he said. In addition to the jump in grocery prices, farm products climbed eight-tenths of one per cent at the wholesale level unions waged, settled or threatened strikes in five states Miami agent. There was no report immediately of injuries. Thursday. ihe militant teacher groups recalling the wave of strikes The Sunward, seven miles from the Azar when the Libe- rian ship sent a call for help, ob -Advertiser Photo SEVEN STARS IN CONFERENCE Lt. Gen. Carpenter, Right, and Gen. Taylor Gen. Taylor Says Historians Must Judge Vietnam Tactics Education Study Groups Organized By DON F. WASSOM Advertiser Staff Writer An Educational Study Commission held a closed door meeting Thursday to organizi into "task forces" which will undertake a 14-month study of Alabama's educational problems. After approving the general work schedule set up by the three major task forces, commission chairman, Dr. Harry Philpott asked newsmen to leave the meeting while the group discussed appointments to the three study groups. Some two hours later the meeting was reopened and Philpott gave newsmen the list of task force members. For Task Force concerned with the role and scope of educaion in Alabama, Vernon L. St. John, president of th (See Education, Page 2) tained authorization to go into which swept a score of scnool systems around the country last fall and kept almost a millim pupils at home pushed their the Cuban waters after the U.S Coast Guard recalled one of its planes, ordering it not to enter disputes in: Cuba's 12-mile limit. PITTSBURGH Some 1,000 This meant it took $11.86 to buy the family goods and services that cost $10 in the 1957-59 base period. The index was 3.4 per cent above a year ago, running at the highest annual rate in some 10 years. The wholesale price index rose four-tenths of one per cent in January and preliminary figures indicated another six-tenths rise this 'month. Grocery prices, usually stable in January, went up eight-tenths of one per cent and rapidly rising fees of doctors and dentists were up seven-tenths of one per cent. Housing costs were three-tenths of one per cent, transportation seven tenths and recreation four-tenths. Chase said the three-tenths rise in over-all living costs probably understated the case. "If it were not for the rounding of some of the figures, WASHINGTON (AP) -Higher food and medical prices led a rise of three-tenths of one per cent in living costs last month and sharp wholesale hikes indicated more budget problems are ahead for American consumers. "Price increases are becoming more pervasive throughout the economy," said Arnold Chase, assistant commissioner of the Bureau of Labor Statistics. At the same time, some 45 million wage earners lost 60 cents a week in purchasing power because of the higher living costs and shorter working hours and their paychecks were worth no more than a year ago despite higher pay. The rise in living costs, the fourth straight monthly increase of three-tenths of one per cent, pushed the consumer price index to 118.6 i January. Bjornstad reported the Azar of the city's 3,000 public schoolteachers walked out Thursday was ablaze when a lifeboat from Gen. Maxwell Taylor took a torcing scnool autnonties to close some schools because of his own ship approached. The Azar "was ablaze when our boat got there. It looks like run or whether America can eventually win. As to the tactics noncontroversial subject and kept it within bounds Thursday unruly pupils. Maintenance workers sympathetic with the being used, some of which he it will be a total loss," Sun- night with a lecture to the combined college at. Maxwell AFB teachers kept some classroom temperatures at a chilly 50 de ward's agent in Miami said. No attempt was made to remove the Azar's crewmen from Cuba, the agent said. on the "Post-Vietnam Role of grees. the Military in Foreign Policy." SAN FRANCISCO The Un two occasions the retired "They were on Cuban soil and 500-member Federation of admittedly helped institute, Taylor said historians will have to pass judgment. "We don't want to destroy North Vietnam," he said and quoted President Johnson on the U.S. goal there: "Independence of Vietnam and freedom of attack." Tavlor said that if Hanoi wprp four-star general a op we left them there," he said. Teachers, AFL-CIO, summoned In Miami, a Coast Guard spokesman said the Miami Air portunities to enlighten his audience on Vietnam war tactics, but he relegated the answer to its members to decide whether to strike over 90 union demands for improvement in classroom and teaching conditions. If the Search and Rescue Service dis future historians. patched a plane after receiving the distress report from another Taylor, who led combat troops teachers approve a strike, it bombed and Ho Chi Minh killed, it would solve no problems. There would still be 240.000 of shm. The plane was sent to the Old Bahama Channel, a sea could take effect Friday morn ing. FLORIDA A third of th; in two wars and later became chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was opening a lecture series on Asia at Maxwell. Currently a special consultant to highway north of Camaguey the enemy in South Vietnam to 3 Red Trawlers Destroyed Trying to Land Cong Aid Province in eastern Cuba. in January and an even sharper increase of 2 per cent is indicated in February. This could be reflected later in retail food prices. "Food prices are starting to move up and are not exercising the restraining influence on the rest of the consumer price index that they did last year," Chase said. The only major category of consumer prices to decline was clothing, down nine-tenths of one per cent. Even this was a smaller decline than usual in January. Wholesale prices went up on a broad range of industrial commodities, including machinery, lumber and wood, some paper and rubber products, and metals. "The strike in the copper industry and the possibility of a steel strike by mid-summer continued to be the dominating influences among metals," the bureau said. A drop of about half an hour in the average work week reduced weekly earnings of workers by 50 cents a week to $103.40 despite a three-cent hike in hourly wages to $2.75 the bureau said. After taxes, the average paycheck of a worker with three dependents was $92.11, a 39-cent drop from weekly earnings in December. Purchasing powar in terms of 1957-59 dollars was $77.66, down 60 cents from the weekly average the previous month, and representing "no increase over the yar in real purchasing power," Chase said. More than 615,000 workers with labor contracts pegged to the consumer price index, mostly in the trucking and aerospace industries, will get wage hikes of one to four cents an hour because of rising living costs. state's 60,000 teachers continued worry aoout, ne said. their nine-day strike as Repubii He appeared to reach a cm President Johnson, he is a can Gov. Claude R. Kirk Jr. said he would allow tax and former U.S. ambassador to South Vietnam. elusion that Ho Chi Minh is the only member of the "war for liberation" who can be an- spending legislation they oppose light" casualties and negligible Taylor said the outcome of jproached and that it is SAIGON (AP) Fast-moving allied naval units battled with to become law. A teachers spokesman said he hoped the Vietnam "will be affected as damage. The Navy said the 100-foot en America's advantage to keep three Communist trawlers thatj mm alive for future bareainine. strike would end Friday no mat ter what Kirk does. emy trawlers were detected by Taylor was positive nn two coastal surveillance ships at points that there should be several points off the coast from OKLAHOMA The state's 27,000 public schoolteachers scheduled a one-day "profes no DomDing pause and that Chu Lai in the northern part of there should have been controls tried to land munitions on South Vietnam's coast under cover of early morning darkness Friday, the U.S. Navy reported. It said all three vessels were destroyed. The Navy called it "the enemy's boldest sea infiltration at Vandals Loot Deserted Homes Here Vandalism of deserted houses along Montgomery's interstate highway projects has become a major problem, division engineer Randolph Rowe said this week. State owned property on Ludi Street on the south side of Montgomery where M5 and 1-65 will interchange, has been vandalized, according to Rowe. Demolition will cost the state from $200 to $500 for each house. Rowe said the state is ready to prosecute any vandals caught. Bathroom and kitchen fixtures, pipes, wiring, and other items that can be sold have been removed from the houses, he said. Police have stepped up patrols in construction areas destruction and theft continue. Two Alabama GIs Killed in Vietnam The names of 57 servicemen, including two Alabamians, killed in action, in the Vietnam war were recorded Thursday on a Defense Department casualty list. The Alabamians are Pfc. Thomas L. Senn, son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas D. Senn of Rt. 1, Lanett; and Cpl. James -L. Holland, husband of Mrs. L. Holland, of Rt. 1, Boaz. Both men were members of the Marine Corps. The latest deaths raised to 480 the number of Alabama servicemen killed in the Vietnam War. on the press early in the con sional holiday" for next week to the country to the Ca Mau Peninsula on the southern tip tact. enforce their demands for an He defined as "mvfhs" "Running dark" and flying no flags, the trawlers began cross much by home attitude as by the conduct of troops" in the war. He said the military has an important role in "securing the home front" by selling citizens on the necessity of the military role. But he cautioned his military audience to show "sincere respect" for civilian leaders. The voice of the military, he said, will be a strong voice in the "councils of government" after the war. Taylor did not give an opinion on how the "war itself is being, reports that the military voice improved school program. ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. -The city's 2,900 teachers re turned to classrooms after i ing inside the 12-mile coastal tempt to date is not Deing listened to by civilian leaders in their conduct it il- uiuu siivi wj clival i i. aim other nredawn action, the 5 In of the war. week-long walkout to demand Viet Cong shelled Tan Son Nhut al vessels, Navy spokesmen Taylor was introduced tn a more state money for school air base on Saigon's northwest filled auditorium at Mavwpll hv But they threatened to go out outskirts for the seventh time in said. None of the trawlers an again if they were unhappy wi'Ji two weeks. The U.S. Command the commander, Lt. Gen. John W. Carpenter III. swered the challenges, the Navy the program produced by tne said 10 or 12 rockets hit the sprawling complex in a short said, but one reversed course special task force Republican and headed for the open sea. Gov. David F. Cargo appomced barrage that caused "extremely Three otners cnose to make a to end their strike. run for the beach. The Pittsburgh Federation of The account said one of the Teachers, AFL-CIO, ignored a Beard Tells State Bankers Farmers iVeed Financing court order and threw up picket munitions-iaden craft was lines to enforce its demand for forced into a cove 10 miles north of Nha Trang on the central collective bargaining. The coast and was trapped by U.S. Pittsburgh Teacher Education Association did not Governor Gets Liquid Nourishment Gov. Lurleen B. Wallace had Navy Swift boats and South Vietnamese navy vessels. It provemenls." support the strike. School officials initially an Beard said that when a hank opened fire on the patrol boats John Shipley Tilley, Dies the bank must keep abreast of developments in agriculture. More care must be given to loans, especially intermediate-term bans for farm im- and, during the duel that fol renders a service to agriculture, "it helps to benefit the ewinnmv nounced they would keep all of the system's 116 schools open. But Dr. Sidney P. lowed, suddenly blew up, the lof the entire community. Navy said. Marland schools superin rne second trawler was her first nourishment by mouth Thursday since her operation a week ago. agriculture is Basic, and each dollar invested pans swpral tendent, soon closed some junior forced onto a beach 40 miles southeast of Chu Lai on the more dollars in related agri- and senior high schools because of "misbehavior by students The daily bulletin at St. north-central coast during ousmess. The commissioner estimated Margaret's said the ana property damage by stu-i running gun battle with U.S. governor nas begun taking small dents." Navy and Coast Guard units," amounts of liquid nourishment Teachers in San Francisco it would take about $1.5 billion in new capital to "put Alabama farming where it should hp." the Navy report said. Ground troops were flown for the first time since a small (See TEACHERS, Page I malignant tumor was removed quickly to the beach and when from her pelvic wall last Thurs Beard said he strongly believes his department must keep pace with the develop capture looked imminent, the trawler was destroyed by its day. Agriculture Commissioner Richard (Dick) Beard told bankers Thursday that Alabama is pushing for a billion-dollar year in agriculture sales but that "adequate financing must be present." Beard said that farmers "will need more and more financing to achieve the changes tliey need and want on their farms." The commissioner, himself a farmer, spoke to officers of First National Bank of Montgomery and correspondent banks. He said Montgomery could become to the Southern cattle industry what Chicago and Kansas City are to the Midwest. "Additional financing will be needed to further expand our cattle business," he said. Gross farm income for Alabama in 1967 was approximately million. "This is only $262 million from our goal," Beard said. "The agricultural lending is becoming more complicated and complex," he said. "Someone at The bulletin also said the 41- own crew. year-old governor had developed a "superficial infection" in a Navy Swift boats and Coast Guard cutters attacked the third trawler off the Ca Mau Peninsu ments oi agriculture and growth the state in general, but that a shortage of funds on the state level is a strong handicap. Beard said the State Department of Agriculture and A long-time Montgomery lawyer and author is dead at 88. John Shipley Tilley, who lived in the city for more than half a century, died in a local hospital Wednesday night after a long illness. A graduate of the University of Georgia and Harvard Law School, Tilley is the author of three books on unusual aspects of Civil War history and another volume on Alabama laws. He also served on the state tax commission and was a founding member of the Unity Club. Born in Conyers, Tilley lived at 3146 Thomas Ave: He is survived by his wife, Mary B. Tilley, and nieces and nephews in Ozark. Details, obituaries, Page 17 portion of the incision made to remove the tumor and a 10-inch section of intestine. la 155 miles southwest of Sai Industries probably is the "least I A 1 An aide to the governor said Advertiser Today Page Amusements 27 Classified Comics 16 Crossword 16 Editorial 4 Markets 12-13 Obituaries ...16,17 Society 9-10 Sports TV Logs ........28 Weather Map .2 gon. Before it could reach the mouth of the Cua So De River, two explosions ripped the vessel apart and it sank, the Navy 1 A -i-mrffi' MLL unaersiooa ot ail state agencies. It also has lagged behind other state agencies in receiving the infection is not serious and that Mrs. Wallace has "no further evidence of serious complications." said. funds. The lack of funds has Two U.S. Navy men were re The report said a tube was also removed the the Governor's kept the department from having sufficient personnel 1 0 render the services it should," he added. ported to have received minor wounds during the action. At least eight other munitions (See VIETNAM, Page 2) stomach which made her rest RICHARD BEARD more comfortably. JOHN S. TILLEY

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