The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 10, 1949 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, November 10, 1949
Page 8
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PACT EIGHT BLYTHEVTLLE (AHK.) COURIER NEWS BLYIHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THB COURIER NEWS OQ. H. W. HAINE8, Publisher JAMES L. VERHOEFP. Editor PAUL D. HTJMAK, AdT«rU»lin Bol* NtUonjil AdTWtlslni F»pre»enUtlYt»] WtlUc* Wltnur Co. N*w York, Chicago, Atlanta, JC&Ured u Hcood clui m*tt«i at the pott- . eff le* at Blythevllle, Arkuuu, under act at Can- /(rea«, October*, U17. Member at Tin Associated Preai . SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier in the city ol Blythevllle or any luburbfcn town when curler *ervJce It main* Ulned, .30e per week, or &Sc p« month * B» mall, within k radius ol 64 mllet 14.00 par J jear, $2.00 lot six months, 11.00 lot three months; :' by mail outside 60 mile cone 110.00 per year • payable In advance. Meditations Hear my prayer, O Lord, and [Ive ear unlo my 1 ery; hold not thy peace at my learf: for 1-am a strancer with thee, and a sojourner, as all my (•then were.—Psalms 30:12. • * * Good prayers never conie creeping home. I am sure I shall receive either what I ask or what I should ask.—Bishop Hall. Barbs Ita almost a safe bet these days that most i of the expenses you have' to pay are on the up and up. * * * The earth, MJS a scientist, has m vibration all ft* own, Such U the power of the modern dances. . • * * • Any convict can tell the experts how to relieve prison congestion. Just give him an auto and an • hour'» it art. '. - . • ' ' • • ' Hillbilly crime 1* wild to be decreasing In some states. Or maybe just transferred to the radio. * • • An additional (200,000 for soap for use In New York public schools will be recommended. That'i : one way to encourage hookey. Worthy Cause Merits Careful Consideration With Blytheville'* 1949 Community Chest campaign in its final stages and the drive within striking distance of the $28,550 goal, now is the time for all good citizens to come to the aid of those less fortunate and give the chest • agencies the fun'ds they need. The success of the Big Gifts Division •"in launching the drive by raising half ; of the budget for 1950 and doing this " fine work in a single week is worthy of mention and commendation. Surely all of the rest of the potential ' givers in Blytheville can do as much, or more thari the few who were called upon in the initial stage of this campaign. ' ' <• Nationalism Clogs Europe's Road To Economic Unity Paul G. Hoffman, Marshall Plan chief, has laid down conditions for further TJ. S. aid to Europe that EGA countries may find difficult to meet. He has told them that if they want to be sure of getting more money in 1950 they had better register substantial progress by next January in knocking down national tariff barriers and other obstacles to free trade. Failure to achieve economic unity in Europe can only mean "disaster for nations and poverty for peoples," the EGA boss declared in Paris. Hoffman is a hard-headed executive. He would not sound so serious a note without warrant. That he has used this tone suggests he has carefully appraised the temper of Congress and decided that EGA is in for a rough time unless Marshall Plan countries show some concrete results quickly. But from now until January is hardly much; leeway for this formidable task. The European nations have known from the start of the Marshall Plan that measures of unity'were expected of them. Yet in almost two years they . have made virtually no real strides toward that goal'. In view of this evident inertia, it is . asking a great deal to call for a solid demonstration of economic collaboration in so short a span. Of course such progress is not impossible. But experience to dale leads one to doubt that anything les than a severe shock will produce the results the United States is urging. It is conceivable that genuine advances toward unity may not come until the Marshall Plan countries understand that warnings such as Hoffman's are not mere words. An actual cutting off of funds would certainly drive the les- son home. So might a statement from •Hoffman or other high officials that *n end to EGA will be proposed if Europe fails to take action soon. Some foreign affairs experts may contend that however desirable unity Ii, thia country has no right to insist upon it ag a condition of continued aa- gistance. But such argument i» lorn*, what beside the point if Congress ha* actual! ydeterniined to make that condition. EGA cannot live without annual congressional sanction. Europe must face the political realities of America. None of the European countries it denying the wisdom of economic unity. All say they subscribe to the principle. What stops them from acting? Basically, the trouble is that they are trapped by conflicting currents. They recognize the growing need for continent-wide soutioiis to their economic problems. But they feel heavy pressure from the long habit of nationalist thinking. This latter exerts a continuing drag upon any efforts lo break down national borders. Nowhere is tin's diiemiiia more plain than in Britain. Even the firmest friends of the British admit that Britain's government behaves as it' that country could somehow conduct its economic affairs free of entangling contact with continental Europe. There appears a strong desire to insulate the Labor Party's socialist experiments from outside shock. Hoffman's warning in Paris makes clear that the time is at hand i'or Europe to chu... between the prospect of real economic well-being and a clinging to outworn nationalism which can only lead the continent into deepning dis- tres. Views of Others A New Deal in Anti-Trust It li good news that Representative Cetler'i lubcommlltee has resumed its hearings on the monopoly program. Effective anti-trust laws ar« Indispensable to a free economic system. Vet the- existing laws have been tinkered with and breached' so much, and the basic statutes cope so Inadequately with the problems of 1019, that learned lawyers »nd economists do not know where they stand, let alone the layman. In this atmosphere, the Government can bring suit to sever the A.&P. grocery chain, the company can plead that it is being punished lor sell- Ing food at low prices, and the public can only wonder whether the proposed "death sentence" Is wise public policy or not, And a Government official, the Secretary of Commerce, can com-' plain^tlmt^oiie part of the anti-trust laws! forces rigid prices on biisiiiess, men—whereupon "another part punishes him' for the rigid prices! It is confusion, certainly, when two stout antimonopoly men like Senators Douglas and O'Mahoney disagree. Yet this happened during the recent debate over basing-polnt prices. The first great anti-trust bastion was the Sherman Act of 1890; the Clayton Act of 18H was the second. The earlier law seeks to "u»f •cramble the eggs" of monopoly; the second sensibly tries to avoid lettlrVgJhein ever be scrambled. Their basic purpose Is trie-same, however, and It is ridiculous that, here In 1949, the Federal Trade Commission's chief economist must testify that there are still unresolved conflicts between the two liws. Conflict speaks again and again In split Supreme Court decisions. In, for instance, Justice Jackson's pungent dissent in the recent Standard Oil of California case: "If the court are lo apply the lash of the anti-trust laws to tht backs of business men to make them compete, we cannot In fairness also apply the lash whenever they hit upon a successful method of competing." In that same case, Justice Douglas abstained from voting, saying he feared the outcome would be bad either way. Congress, the courts and the FTC are constantly dealing with some sore spot in the antitrust laws, but these piecemeal treatments have rim from n"cstlonab!e to positively harmful. For instance, Congress in the Mlller-Tydings Act exempted one kind of price-fixing law, enabling druggists in 45 states to set up the travesty called "fair trade." When a conflict developed between the Sherman Act and the Interstate Commerce Act, Congrcis foolishly exempted the nation's railroads from the one statute without adding a needed regulatory power to the other. The Supreme Court decided that the Insurance business is Interstate commerce, whereupon Congress exempted this leviathan, too, from the anti-trust laws. Conflict, confusion and Inadequacy plague the nation's anti-trust policy today. These things can only promote the further decline of Independent business and create a growing demand for the Government to dispossess private monopolies and install state monopolies in their place. We hope, therefore, that the Ccller Inquiries will icad to a searching debate in 1950 and to the first complete overhaul of the anti-trust laws. Congress could undertake few domestic enterprises as Important. —ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH SO THEY SAY We have been true to the most vita! tradition of representative democracy. We have Kept taitn with the people who elected us.—Sen. Scott \v. Lucas (D,, III.). * * W Part of the problem loday Is the way science has been changing lite for 100 years, and with Increasing rapidity The atom lias made us conscious of the Impact on daily life. We have to think about It now.—John Dcwcy, dean of American philosophers. They'll Have to Make It Easier Than This Some Textile Mills Running Full Blast to Build Up Reserves Before New Minimum Wage Hits By Douglas tarscn NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON—(NEA)—For the next three months textile'plants will be working lull blast to produce all they can under the old minimum wage of 40 cents an hour. In spite of some surplus cotton goods existing In , warehouses, the industry started the speed-up a month ago In anticipation of a new, higher minimum. On midnight between Jan. 23 and Jan.- 27, 1950. the new 15-cents-au- hour minimum wage-goes Into effect. The production of textiles will be the biggest single Industry affected by it. It's obvious why manufacturers want to produce as much hs they can under the lower wage rate. The most liberal estimate of tlic effect of the law Is that 1,500.000 workers will get raises ranging from S to 15 cents an hour. In spite of this obvious benefit to workers, and the great praise of the new law by President Truman and Emil Rieve, president of CIO's Textile Workers Union of America, there Is no unanimous opinion among labor experts that the law will eventually prove to be a net gain for labor. When he signed the bill President Truman said: "This act has proved to be wise and progressive remedial legislation for the welfare not only of our wage earners but of our whole economy." Present at the signing, Ricvc said: "This measure will remove fi'onl the sweat-shop category some of the most exploited American workers. At the same time the entire economy will benefit from an Increase In purchasing power now so badly needed to maintain prosperity." True Test of a Law Before those bold words are proved true, there's the important job of administering the law over a long enough time to give it fnir'test. This Is where the .trouble will be. according to the experts. And Department of Labor attorneys are included among those reserving their enthusiasm for the law. The biggest problem Is how many workers might suddenly find themselves unprotected by the new law. who were covered by the old one. The first estimate was 200,000. Now a Labor Department spokesman says 750,000. It all revolves around the fact that Congres only has the authority to legislate for workers engaged in Interstate commerce. The old law simply .states that any workers in occupations "necessary" to the production of goods in interstate commerce were covered. For 11 years there was court litigation on this term, to try to determine who was and who wasn't covered. Scores of these fights finally had to be settled by the Supreme Court. The new law substitutes for the word "necessary" tile compll- ca-ed phrasing "closely related process or occupation directly essential to the urodiiclipn of goods, ..." Horizon Looks Cloudy When the measure was debated In Congress a member estimated that it would take 10 years of litigation before «ny clear outline of the meaning ol that part of the act emerged. A Department ot Labor official who will take part In administering It Isn't even that optimistic. He says: "Only the gods can predict what the courts will do with those words when the lawyers ; begin arguing about definitions. The Supreme Court I si n for a lot of work. I just home that we in the department can come to some agreements on what they are supposed to mean." He admits that the guesses on how many workers will be excluded from the act's protection might be very conservative, that there might be more than 1,000,000. He also ad- mils that msny • other sections of the law will involve long drawn- out controversies^ ; In addition to textile plants being Ufected,'-.the .southern lumber- Ing Industry, the production of fertilizer and the manufacturing of wood furniture In the Carolines will also feel the changes by having to raise wages. Also on .the positive side, the new law will improve child-labor conditions, make it easier for em- ployes to collect . unpaid wages, standardize overtime pay and help to correct some abuses In Industrial homework. It also broadens the minimum wage provision to Include airline employes and workers in fish and seafood canneries. IN HOLLYWOOD IJy Erskine Johnson NLA Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD —(NBA)— If Hollywood goes on reissuing old movies I'll just have to ^o on reissuing old columns. Today's news doesn't mean a thing any more. The wny the reissue epidemic is going, yesterday's news is more Important. So here is yesterday's news—from 1938—to go with 1033 reissues: Martha Raye went glamorous on the screen and Paramount started exploiting her legs instead of her mouth. Robert Taylor admitted in a national magazine adverllscmcntt that: "Biscuits arc my first love." B. Stanwyck had no comment. 1 Mickey Hooncy «ns making more money for M-G-M than Clark Qable. Censors froivncil on one of Robert Benchley's short, subjects, "The Love Life of a New!," and M-G-M changed the title lo "The Courtship of a N'cwt." Sam Goldwyn was quoted as saying: "The popularity of Charlie McCarthy and the Seven Dwarls proves that people arc setting tired of people." Jimmy Cagney. who won famo as a woman slugger, was socked by Ann Sheridan for a scene in "Angels. With Dirty Faces." Robert Taylor was getting a he- man build-up for his rolt- ol a prize fighter in "The Crowd Roars." John Barrymore was going collegiate with a skull cap and a turtle-neck sweater in a college movie. Overnight Slarrlom . Hcdy Lamarr co-slarrcd with Charles Dover In "Algiers" and was an overnight sensation. An extra telephoned a Los Angeles cooking editor during a film production slump. n nd asked: ''Hoir do you cook a ivolf?'' Wipe Velcz and Johnny Wclss- nvuller got a divorce after 10 or 12 separations. Clark Gable uiscd M-G-M's idea that he should wear lipstick nud powder as a chorus boy for "Idiot's Delight." Darrv-1 Zarmck topped the Chicago fire in "In old Chicago" with a tornado In "Suez." Ty Power fell in love with Annabella while working in the same picture. Wayne Mor.ris told me: "Screen love' is the bunk but it's a living and a man has to eat." There was a sign on a Los Angeles theater marquee reading: Glentla Farrcll and Four Gas Ranges Free." Cypjy Rose I.ce shed four inches of h.iir—the only ihini; llic censors allowed her to take off while sbc was in Hollywood. Phyllis Brooks got lipstick all over Cory Grant's face when he sailed for Europe. Sam Goldwyn's Norwegian discovery, Sigrid Curie, admitted she was born in Brooklyn. Asked Too Much June L:\ug went to England for a movie and cnmc right back home whcr they said she'd have to bo fitted for a gas mask. Dcanna Durbin was playing her first puppy love scenes with Jackie Cooper. Simoue Simon's gold keys (to her apartment were newspaper headlines from coast to coast. Marie Wilson was practicing to be Irma. She walked into a drug store and said: "I want a chocolate sundae a la mode" .loan Bennett wore a black «ij; for "Trade Winds" and looked more like Ifcrty Lamarr than Hcdy Ijmarr. ner and he never puLs too great a problem up to him unless he is quite sure he can figure It out. In this particular rubber, Schen- ' A None V A Q j 9 » AK J 1075 2 + 42 Howard Schrnken *K 10752 ¥64 » Nooe + K3375 3 + AQJ Rubber— N-S vul. south Pass i» 1* 3 » Pasj Pass West Pass 2* Pass Pass Pass Pass East Pass Pass Opening lead—4 9 North 1 * 3 W 4V 7 « Double 7 f Double Pass 10 McKENNEY ON BRIDGE H.v William E. McKcnntj- America's Card Authority Written for NEA Service Resourceful Double Scls a Clever Trap N'o visit to the Cavendish Club In New York would be complete without a hand from Howard Schenken and todays hand Is one he gave lo me the other night. One ol Schenken's greatest assets Is his personality. He U very quiet, but daring and resourceful. He is very considerate of his part- ken'* opponents had been holding all the cards and he was behind. As the bidding on today's hand proceeded he knew that they hao a pretty sure slam. South's jump to two hearts after passing indicated that he had a minimum of five hearts. When North supported the heart hid, Schenken felt sure he had at least four hearts. When North bid seven diamonds and South had shown the ace of clubs, he felt quite confident that now they would make it. There was only one | possible chance for him lo salvage this hand. That was to give North a chance lo make a mistake. In doubling seven diamonds Schenken knew he was only risking 190 points os opponents seldom redouble grand slam contract. * Schenken said he did not think that North had a solid diamond suit. If he could give North the impression that he hied a diamonc trick he figured that North might easily go lo seven hearts feeling that maybe that was a safer contract. Well, you will have to admit it was a good gamble. North fell Into the trap and did bid seven hearts, which Schenken doubled. West, schenken's partner, opened a small diamond which Schenken ruffed.. I doubt if there THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 10/1949 MacKenzie Searches for Truth In Double Talk by Mr. Vishinsky By DeWltt MieKenzic AP Forehrn Affair. Analyst Russian diplomacy often adopts the sphinx-like characteristic of The DOCTOR SAYS By Edwin P. Jordan, M.D. Written for NBA Service Stuttering, ' sometimes called stammering, Is a commori condl- -lon. It has been estimated that there are about 1.300,000 people who stuller In the United States Stuttering Is a nervous or emotional disorder. The exact cause Is not known. Probably some chlldr-n are born predisposed to the disorder: tl-at Is, they may be-called a slutlerer-type." Stuttering Is not Inherited but the speaking in riddles, and so It Is with Soviet foreign minister Vishinsky's intriguing pronouncement about sleeping Russo-American friendship. What Mr. Vishinsky actually said to reiwrters in Washington on the anniversary of the Red revolution was that the common feeling of friendship between Russia and the United States had fallen asleep but that someday It would awaken. That's really a beautiful poetic expression—and it's mighty Interesting. The trouble Is that, after the cryptic fashion of the sphinx, the foreign minister doesn't give us the all-important information as to what he believes it is that will awaken friendship. That leaves it up to us to supply the answer, and so your columnist will undertake to fill In the missing link: ,-. H1 .. . , ••• nervous con- The sleeping friendship will bP Mhii'i? ".-.i!?. mak ? s ?°r stiscep- awakened when ive reach that liap- " py day In which neither country is Interfering in the private affairs of the other. That Is to sny in blunt ChiHren of the "stutterer-type" may live for a long time without developing any speech defect unless they have some shock or accident which upsets their nervous system, rhcn something happens which brings oiii the difficulty for the firsl time. Also sex plays some ob? scure part as there are nearly five limes as many boys who stutter as there qre rirls. Begin Cure Soon There are two stages in the development of -stuttering. The chances of stopping the trouble are r.mch ,rcater In the first stage before the child develops anxiety and feelings of Inferiority. A stuttering child should never be punished with a hope of breaking him of the habit. They can't help It The treatment at this stage Is principally to s!ow down the pace of living and remove as much excitement and tension as possible. Family quarrels, games or amusements which are loo exciting, and similar stimulations, should be avoided. A great deal has been learned about stuttering and Its treatment in recent years. When treatment Is begun early the results ire often astonishingly good. Many famous people have suffered from speech defects, including Moses. Aristotle, Virgil, Charles Lamb, and Clara Barton, the founder of the American Red Cross. Great accomplishments can, therefore, be m\lc in spite of a speech defect of this sort. • • ' * Note: Dr. Jordan is unable to answer Individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions In his column. niTcsTrnv ivv, » QUESTION: What causes t'he I'm" C ° ate i, the language, the awakening IK dependent on each side minding its own business. Ipso facto this would mean an end to Moscow's world-revoHitir.i for the spread of communism, and to tht cold war which has grown out of the revolution. The Soviet government was established in Russia in 1917 at the successful conclusion of the Bolshevist revolution.- But it wasn't until 1933 that Washington established formal relations with this regime. F.D.K. Extends Recognition Why this exceptionally long delay In recognition? Because Russian agents in the United states were, spreading the gospel of Bolshevism and doing all they could to undermine the Amtrican government. Finally President Franklin D. Roosevelt extended recognition, after protracted conversations with Moscow'« emissary, Maxim Litvlnoff, who had the reputation of being a true believer in peace. F.D.R. laid down stern conditions. Each government agreed to respect the teritorlal Integrity of the other, not to interfere In the Internal affairs of the other and not to permit In its territory any group planning violation of the other, ^ Britain early recognized the BolJI shevist regime and ran headlong into grief. De facto recognition was granted in 1921 and de jure recognition in 1924. In 1927 Britain severed relations with Russia alter raiding the offices of the Soviet Trade Mission (Arcos) in London. The British government charged that Arcos was carrying on ng activities in an effort to ob- e spyi " ^ in ANSWER: There are many pos- sibililies, ol which heavy cigar or' pipe smoking are perhaps the best examples. i cmntr *' s armed Iorc£S ' regarding 15 Years Ago In Blytheville — Mrs. J. Mell Bronks, Mrs. S. P Martin, Mrs. C. E. Crigger and Miss Cora Lee Coleman entertained members of the U.D.C. Thursday ifternoon In the Brooks home. Mrs. W. M. Taylor leader of the program gave a history of the life 3f S. A. 'Steele. Mrs. Bader told of :he work done by the UJ3.C. during :he war and Mrs. diaries Bright ng the Cradle Song with Leone Callicut at the piano. Miss Peggy McKecl has Miss been chosen Art Editor of the College Annual "Linden Leaves" for the — the current year. Miss McKeel has also been chosen recently as vice president of the Arkansas State of Students at Lindenwood. Club Norway, which had been united *ith Denmark and Sweden In 1389 declared its Independence in 1814 but the union of Norway and Sweden was not finally dissolved until are many rubber bridge players in the country who would have attempted this strategy, but that is the type of strategy which makes Schenken the outstanding player he is. bridg the renewed diplomatic relations In 1929, through communist propaganda continued. Kerls Continue Activity In U.S. Red activities in the United States of course never have ceased. However, almost a year ago (Dec. 27, 1848) President Truman made the statement in an extemporaneous speech at Kansas City that "certain leaders" in Russia were "exceedingly eager" to reach an agreement with the United States to end the "cold war". At the same time he accused the Soviets, of violating "sacred" agreements and said the Moscow government "lias a system of morals that are not moral". Ttie chief executive didn't say who the "certain leaders" In Moscow were. Diplomatic authorities in- Washington thought he might havdj had Premier Stalin in mind. Another Russian regarded in Washington as possibly desiring an understanding was Maxim Lltvinoff. He was known to be more friendly to the West than many of his associates, but long had been living in obscurity. Sine: that time America has been throbbing with activities involving Communists. Among them has been the conviction of 11 members of the National Board of the Communist Party on charges of conspiring to teach overthrow of the United States government by force. The convictions are now on appeal. The sleeping friendship will awaken when old good. promises are made Ratite Bird HORIZONTAL VERTICAL I Depicted bird 1 Ship's retinue S.Mouth part 2 Military 12 Tear assistant 13 Units of length 3 Lances 14 Compass point 4 Leave out 15 City in The 5 Desire Netherlands 6 Morindin dye 16 It related 7 Pause to the emu 8 Belgian river 17 Symbol for 9 Conductor selenium 10 Small island 18 Winglike part 11 Green Answer to Previous Puizl*, 19 Riches 21 Barters 23 Universal language 24 Symbol lor neon 25 Nuisance 27 Journey 30 Either 31 Doctor (ab.) 32 Oriental measure 33 Daybreak (comb, form) 34 Lampreys 37 Snare 39 Rough lava •10 Of the thing 41 Baseball player 45 Russian storehouses 49 Poem 50Id est (ab.) 51 Musical note 52 Age 53 Sped 54 Fortification 56 Girl's name 57 Amount (ab.) 58 The claw of its inner tot vegetables 20 Land parcel 22 Social insect 25 Minute skin opening 26 Great Lake 28 Notion 29 Support 35 Dormant 36 Perched 37 Malayan pewter coin 38 Reiterate 41 Adriatic wind 42 First man 43 "Emerald Isl 44 Stagger 45 Enthusiastic ardor <fi Chinese dynasty 47 Sea eagle 48 Grit 55 Accomplish

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