The Montgomery Advertiser from Montgomery, Alabama on September 16, 1963 · 1
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The Montgomery Advertiser from Montgomery, Alabama · 1

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Montgomery, Alabama
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Monday, September 16, 1963
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1
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The Weather Montgomery: Mostly cloudy and mild Monday and Monday night. A chance of a few scattered showers Monday afternoon. Predicted high Monday 80, low 64. Sunday's high 74, low 64. De. tails, Weather Map On Page 2.) Maim NEWS FLASHES Direct From Newsroom Of Advertiser-Journal By Telephone Dial 265-8246 136th Year-No. 222 Full Day. Night and Sunday Sertfct By Ttaa Asaoeiated Preaa Montgomery, Ala., Monday Morning, September 16, 1963 18 Pages Price 5 Cents 1 Tension Mounts In Birmin After Four Killed In Church Bonibin .aacia gham it - I 'I'l. I', , Litf V .. .. m 1 ' .':.:':.,, .., :! . ;:sl ; , . ("" rt '" i v" :- r ajPiir :.:' .i,. jr-v, :s j-. ji-."" ;t;sSlj,. ,, w FIREMEN, AMBULANCE ATTENDANTS BRING COVERED BODY OF VICTIM OUT OF CHURCH Policeman Armed With Shotgun Stands Guard Behind Rope Stretched To Cordon Off Building FirstFoodGiven To Fischer Quints -AP Wlrrphotoi POLICE TRY TO DISPERSE CROWD OF FRIGHTENED, ANGRY NEGROES Front Of 16th Street Baptist Church, Scene Of Tragedy, Shown In Rear ABERDEEN, S.D. (AP) - The Fischer quintuplets got their first feeding Sunday, a tiny amount of glucose and water through a tube, and continued in good health well into their second day of life. "They are unusually healthy for premature babies," said Dr. James Berbos, 40, who delivered them early Saturday. The quints, born to Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Fischer, may get their first taste of regular baby formula Monday, the doctor said. The babies, pink and wiggly, spent a good night and "are get- AttallaFire Loss Heavy ATTALLA (AP) - A fire de scribed as the worst in Attalla's histnrv nearlv destroyed the downtown business district Sunday. Fire Chief C. C. Yocum esti mated damage at $250,000 and said it was the most disastrous ever suffered by the small Eto wah County community. Destroyed were the Kelly Dry Goods Co., Western Auto Store, Leader Store and O'Leary Furn-ture store. Smoke and water inflicted heaw damace on the Stewart Walgreen Drug store. Yocum said the blaze started shortly before midnight. Firemen battled the flames four hours. The Attalla fireifghters received help from the nearby Gadsden fire department. Toward dawn, the weary fire men controlled the blaze. One truck was left on the scene to keep watch and prevent a fresh outbreak. ting along fine," the doctor said. The four girls and a boy ap peared to have an increasing chance of being the first quintuplets in United States history to survive infancy. There has been no sign of res piratory ailment, said Berbos. This is one of the first signs of trouble in many premature in fants. The quints were born about two months prematurely. , Mrs. Fischer, 30, spent a restful; night and walked about her room Sunday morning, the doctor said. Her 38-year-old husband haggard and weary Saturday also rested by going into seclusion at the hospital for part of the night before going home. GETS FIRST LOOK The babies' early feedings are being done through tiny tubes into their stomaches. Three extra nurses have been added to each shift at St. Luke's Hospital to care for the infants. Fischer, weary with questions, said he had hired a law firm to guard his interests. Mrs. Fischer got her first look at the babies Saturday night through the nursery window. She rode a wheelchair from her own room to the glassed-in nursery section where the babies are kept in isolettes individual chambers in which temperature, humidity and oxygen are controlled. Under the usual hospital rou tine for premature babies, the quints will remain in their iso lettes for the most part until they weigh five pounds. This may take as long as two months. Fischer, a husky, smiling man with crewcut hair, said he isn't, terribly worried about supporting the family on his $80 a week salary. i( Pi'". 1 ' m ,';iyy V 1 s it 5 iif'ai-f;'':; iKwrtM.lC4'! : ' .if'sii;'' "' i'i ftifch ft-'i' :,' ' 1 if ' ::i!'iiif "jf'if !; h mftsi jjs I ' ; . V, , . . : . , v, y y -AP WtrepbotM FIRST PORTRAITS FROM QUINTUPLETS Top, Baby 'A,' A Girl; Bottom, 'D Only Boy f- y--: ..yi--- AAi . i. JZ..--. .' " " --- .mit.r-"rC fl -'I : -, - -c- H-- t-3 .-.L - , J t ( 7 4 n . A. A I J Slaff Pholn by Paul Zukoakl ALABAMA HIGHWAY PATROLMEN GATHER OUTSIDE OF BIRMINGHAM CITY HALL Part Of Massive Force Moved Into Magic City Following Sunday Bombing Of Negro Church Reports Of Death A nd Violence Come BIRMINGHAM CITY OF TAUT NERVES, TRAGEDY, WEEPING By ARTHUR OSGOOD Advertiser Staff Writer BIRMINGHAM - All Birmingham waited with taut nerves Sunday night for a possible major eruption of racial violence. City police and state Troopers covered the city in an all out effort to hold the lid tight. Streets were almost deserted as citizens heeded Mayor Albert Boutwell's plea, "Please stay home tonight." But at police headquarters reports of death and violence kept coming in late into the night. A 16-year-old Negro boy was reported shot and killed by a policeman after a rock-throwing incident. A white man was reported shot. Another Negro boy was reported slain while riding a bicycle. A firebomb was reported thrown at a Negro home on "Dynamite Hill," which got its name from previous racial troubles. A larger fire was reported several minutes later on Fourth avenue south, several blocks away. A Negro was reported wildly firing a shotgun. Rocks were hurled at cars in various parts of the city. Less than block from City Hall, a police wagon stopped to pick up a Negro who was obviously drunk. He yelled wildly inside the wagon. A clump of white men converged on the wagon until warned back by police. "I wish I could have gotten hold of him," muttered a young white man as the wagon pulled off. But inside the adjacent bus station whites and Negroes sat quietly side by side. Across the street an elderly white man was commenting to a friend, "It's a helluva come-off when they start bombing churches and killing innocent people." Inside City Hall, before ADVERTISER TODAY Page Business Review 9 Class. Ads 15.17 Comics ..i3 Crossword ig Editorial 4 Farm Page 14 Legal Ads .".'is Moyies 14 Obituaries 2 Sports 11.13 TV Logs - s Weather Map Columnists: Lyons, Davidson, Tully 4 is which stood scores of helmeted State Troopers, a weary Albert Boutwell commented to newsmen in a masterpiece of understatement: "There is considerable excitement in our city." He retired with other city officials to draw up an appeal for law and order. The phone rang. "I don't care who you vote for," the mayor's secretary, Mrs. Nell Hayes, told a caller and hung up. "This has been a sad day," she told a reporter. "It's been a sad day for me, it's been a sad day for the city. A moment later a man came to Mrs. Hayes' side. & it ft It Shock, Disbelief And Tears Mayor Boutwell's Reaction BIRMINGHAM (AP) - Mayor Albert Boutwell expressed shock and disbelief Sunday night over the deadly church bombing which killed four Negro girls attending Sunday school. "I never could conceive that anyone existed with such universal malice," the distraught mayor said. "It is inconceivable to me. It's just shocking." With tears welling in his eyes, Boutw e 1 1 broadcast a plea for city's residents to stay home. ii -a J BOUTWELL "I don't want to speculate about the future," Boutwell said. "But I fear that the situation will become worse." Tiredly gripping an orange upholstered chair in his office, the mayor told of how he had a premonition Sunday morning when he heard a siren. "I was with a friend," he said. "I had just told him I shouldn't be here. I need to be in touch with City Hall at all times. "A few minutes later I heard a siren. I don't know whether it was a premonition, b u t I telephoned City Hall. "They told me what had happened and I came straight to the office. I called Gov. George Wallace and told him I thought we would need some additional help because we anticipate a great deal of unrest in our city." Wallace told Boutwell, "We are ready to send you all we've got." By late afternoon 150 state troopers had arrived. Police Chief Jamie Moore ap-(See MAYOR, Page 2) "Don't take any calls from any more nuts," he told her. A few feet away on a table lay a pile of pamphlets. "It's great living in Birmingham, Ala.," the pamphlets proclaimed. A few blocks away from City Hall was the ravaged church where a bomb had killed four Negro children Sunday morning. Officers guarded each end of the glass-littered street. "Nobody's going through here," a policeman told a young Negro who insistently sought to pass by. And another officer told an Advertiser photographer, "I just don't want my picture taken." He didn't mean to be disagreeable, he explained. He was just nervous. Policemen near by worried that Negroes might call City Hall for their home adresses and retaliate on their families. On "Dynamite Hill," the porch lights were all burning brightly. Dark faces could be seen peering from several windows. Two troopers lounged in the darkness of a small tree before one house in apparent expectation of new trouble. On almost every block it seemed a patrol car cruised, guns bristling from windows. There would be only fitful sleep for Birmingham and dawn would see the schools open again. And the threat of still more violence. Congressman Gavin Dies Of Hemorrhage WASHINGTON (AP) - Rep. Leon H. Gavin, R-Pa., a member of Congress for 21 years, died of a cerebral hemorrhage in his apartment here Sunday night. Gavin, 70, of Oil City, Pa., was stricken after returning from a dinner with his wife, Susan. His family physician was summoned and was with him when he died about 30 minutes after the attack Leaders Call Death Blasts Horrifying Prominent local figures have expressed universal horror in Sunday's bombing of a Birming ham Negro church that killed four little girls and injured more than 20 others. Attorney General Richmond Flowers dispatched investigators to the scene to assist in any way possible. "To my knowledge this is the most dastardly crime ever to occur in Alabama," Flowers as serted. "If an arrest is made in this crime, I will personally aid in the prosecution to ask the jury for the death penalty." Police Commissioner L. B. Sullivan said: "This is a deplorable thing to happen anywhere. I hope those who are responsible are caught and brought to justice. Our (police) services and personnel here in Montgomery are available to Sheriff (Mel) Bailey and Chief (Jamie) Moore at their re quest." NEWS MEDIA BLAMED Donald A. Hallmark, head of the Montgomery White Citizens Council, placed the blame for Sunday s tragedy on news media which, he says, has led people of Alabama to believe they have no alternative but to integrate their children. T think it is horrible, abso lutely horrible," Hallmark said. "There is nothing that can be set tled in this manner. If this was done by those who support seg regation they should learn that action of this type will strengthen racial integration agitators and play into the hands of those who would instigate class warfare in every community of the United States. ACCUSES NEGROES "This could very well be the work of white or Negro commu nists or Black Muslims," Hall mark added, ". . . it's too bad the Birmingham problem couldn't have been solved as it was in Tuskegee and I think it would have been if the people hadn't been so badly misled." State Sen. Walter Givhan, former president of Alabama White Citizens Council, said he felt the bombing was done by Negroes. "I think it was done strictly by a Negro in an attempt to further their cause. I do not think whites (See REACTION, Page 2) Shootings On Streets FatalTo2 By DON MCKEE BIRMINGHAM (AP)-Four Negro girls were blasted to death Sunday and 23 persons injured in the daylight bombing of a church, setting off more violence. Within hours after the dynamite explosion shattered an already shaky racial calm, two Negroes were killed in shootings and three other persons were wounded. Police said two white youths fatally shot a 13-year-old Negro boy shortly after policemen shot Photo, Related Stories, Page 6 to death a 16-year-old Negro. Officers said the older boy was killed as they fired over his head when they saw him throwing rocks at cars. In another shooting, a white man was wounded by a Negro, police said. Another white man was wounded In a robbery attempt by a Negro. Rock-throwing by Negroes was reported in many areas of the city. Leaders of the 125,000 Negroes pleaded against retaliation for the bombing which brought a climax of horror to the city's first week of school desegregation. The bombing, which fanned racial fires to new heat, came during Sunday school. Tho lesson was "The Love That Forgives." TRAGIC EVENT Heavy police patrols roved the city. They sealed off the bomb-shattered church. Gov. George C. Wallace rushed In 300 state .troopers and alerted 500 National Guardsmen in Bir mingham. Numerous policemen from surrounding towns and counties were called in. Wallace called the bombing "a tragic event which has saddened the hearts of all Alabamians" and said "every law enforcement agency of this state will be used to aDDrehend" the bombers. Killed in the dynamite bombing were Cynthia Wesley, Carol Robertson and Addie Mae Collins, all 14, and Denice McNair, 11. They apparently were in a lounge in the basement of the old brick church. Cynthia, hit by the full force of the blast, could be identified only by clothing and a ring. Cynthia and Carol were on the youth board of ushers. The other (See BOMBING, Page 2) ft ft ft ft 2 Big Fires Hit City In Trouble BIRMINGHAM (AP) - Two major fires broke out Sunday night in two areas of town even as police were harassed by scattered outbreaks of violence. Both fires erupted in residen tial areas housing Negroes, but officials made no connection between the blazes and a church bombing in which four Negro children were killed Sunday. A broom factory was ablaze with five regular fire companies and a truck company at the scene. It burned out of control for long after they were called. The area, on the southside, was sealed off. In the northwest section, a roofing company caught fire even as firemen fought the other blaze. Officials said a gasoline station in the area was threatened. States Rights Party Boss Threatened, Family Moves BIRMINGHAM - Dr. Edward Fields, education director of the National States Rights Party, sent Ms wife and children out of town Sunday night after receiving sev eral death threats. "I've had all kinds of death threats over the tleephone-4 h e callers all sound like Negroes and are saying things like, 'we're go ing to get you Fields,' and 'you're going to die Fields,' " he told the Advertiser. church that killed four girls and injured at least 23 others. Commenting on the bombing. Fields said: "This is the most horrible thing that could have happened at this time," and added, "it remains to be seen what effect It will have on our boycott move ment and the establishment of private schools." "I hope they catch the culprit as soon as possible so things will The militant segregationist said; return to normal. We have can- he would remain at his home called a mass rally scheduled for with a friend to protect his property. He said the threats started coming in shortly after the 10:30 tonight (Sunday) and, for the moment, cancelled all other meetings in connection with the boy- a.m., bomb blast at a Negrojcotting of integrated schools. a

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