The Rochester Freeman from Rochester, New York on September 11, 1839 · Page 2
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The Rochester Freeman from Rochester, New York · Page 2

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Wednesday, September 11, 1839
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... "' . 4 ' .! . -waaaaaaaaaBYOaaaaa...- ; 1 i have read to m.ny article, about ' tion ". ". ,:..... I.. lost arrived it Havan., tunVandof Sr-in. Vkfc-rfta-.- Doa Ruez became another Jailor, an Ire-cetved it.e tohbed and .tulen property, even Vv7he SpanMhm, knowmgit la with anintenitoo to wo.k them for 1. Tbey rise for freedom od for Alnca J noi for blood, nor for booty. ..... Are they nwderer.? Murder ir k'll.ng nature under any coior, na. -. ly 1 and is this .truggl. for ibeir freedom ihe base erioie of murder 7 . !i was only a siru??le for there was a cargo on b.ard, this undoubtedly wu not their obj.c.-ibeir possessing that was incidental. ....... i ... ,.; But it is said the United 1 Slates hare jursi diction over this mailer. Thisldeny. IM . . i i?Mnk rnltirft. t c mutatl was unucr , k... n,i.inT io do with the correction of offence committed on board of el. CfJuld an American sailor be i tried (lor a crime committed on board one of our w enthebigh,e.!)by...wsorCh1. oi tne Uiiomao rune i - - f one country may be a rirtue ; by the laws of 'another a crime. ... , . . Tbe only possible tn . these Atncans u, vau wcj -- - t .1 ..uiiiiinnf ' to Spam tor irmi uu "v'" f I .k.nW rlearlv nol. In the late case of the French vessel at Newport the United States Court discharged the sailor charged d probably guilty of rmi.i.y and niurde, . r . 4 ".l ni.hgni vessel. 1 re- lerio inc is.,,h friiratB from New York. Why 7 Because there was no law ,o try him here, ( although committed on the high s,as) and tecause there was no law to take him. up and eend him out of the - country. M,n cannot be taken up, wept kidna we think by uppoaioir, J? fn! Boston Courier has done, th is c.e . . It, in stead ol African, we of ,d were fcoghshmen, and if, in.ead ma EogTi.hmen have risen P" "..ffi--put him to deaih and recovered their ber y pwub.t w?u.d .-'-.sc; dedmd 'o be hP. equal and tn.l.eoable rigWou d" hT'rinVeader .hare been thrown inio iron, and he.3 a. . welcomed aa.ner, -f-- ihv even tn a ibuu f honorlforthat be preferred the cb.nce of death to tne L. ,ufh .. We leava our reuci i. 7-- -- . swers to these questions as their own hearts i 1 1 ntinn. ana tuagmeu.. our Meanwni.e, w... MiUIDn. friends inform us, anu, ..--.. - fae "'l!.rn';.Vdro;wh.. sredeiamed in cuuy . - v . Sl,,, Marshal 1 And w he. her any Untied State. Court can have jurisdiction in in. if crime nan --, ,w. :nfor. We aak aincereiy ior mation. it. i aegries capiin v .h. Huffalo Com. AST. k JoT. tCTbe New York Courier &, Enq,a',r eoSSue. insiat -hat ib. African fthteC Cioa-ue-, and hi. comrade, mu.i be deliver .I un as ihe" lawlul propenjr i -1 ?,Jh SraVe. who claim ,0 be their m-.ier. .0 owners, Tb.t paper o. h ih fbliowinz argumti-, - - ri , . UrendeiTo le considered, in support of 11a P This country recojnizee the ritjht of prop erty in .ue,. "vj-:,.::. MS '.-d e? free a, Bermund. and we be nothing else to do but .0 return tb.s nrooertv to its lawful owners." P By " ihi country" is meant the Union and oy ui '.. nr which the con- 'aw' , 1 think most tatis- Iaw we Davf buuwu factorily .1.:. .A.in im" does not and SVcogniz. Ihe ri hi of properly in slaves excepl wi.hin and between lhaiate '."'ff' t: Tht ihe eonstiiuuon. " the tntry. Men cannoi oe ii r- ,n preceeaing n Inanped (or by process from Jusuce Blood-1 tersany COocei odV n this land of law withowt, and we erDmenl ean at nt clearly telused 10 send tbem to tnf of eolIrse J, C1 r-. .k. Na York Evening Tost ... ...kri nnnr the neffi Tu que.. ---- .";,. .,, ."nd crlw.and ,00k rH..e...on of , ve... .retob.d..poeu, ;" ".r:not Kirn S.vebutw c.V.lve.wly deprived ofSberiy and brought to the ..Und,o Cuba, from rie coast of Africa. maini'ng a few. day. ,0 rheVk IM "hVc-plain and ,00k possession they miieu in c v . -ndeavor- S,eSeirv,wben,hey WT-r5. "penrrhenisllve. for di.cu. sion-alS, whether the ot the Un.d seroodly. whether in case the slave, .are Claimed oy in. l hVorine, should DC given up. s"- "...?.: dojnt very much ihe r::.....lir.iirn in our courts. I ne Vs- 3 WM a Spanish one, parsing from ne if' .hV Theoffeuce for wffcT thr, wJuld be .Vied was iherefore . .' o. .k tir Uiliciion. and bv andagsmsi nerii """j"- . " l. diction. Unless our courts mean to ufce coco zance generally 01 Aboard of tbe vea.el. of ojher naiions on Ihe highseas, we oo noi ... - extena ne.r .ur...- r " . in rezaru o u --- . ; . u jitKon iv had not the would nave wru .." - as a heinous enni.,-.. --r L .... m nounce "" r f" mi.. of ihe nigat; . --7" " lheohser hid- theae vioiaio --; " , neeve tion Of their eiww . , - - ,. , nrH im lownora " as a heinous crime, "f,".-10 unprovoked war. among ihe black a :.nn armft . . ..... 1 iiuid. 10 rBi-iwi""' " ..iVneVV Thi. inters IIBWSW ww- During and after the evening in U.e late war ,h- 16thf a few oftbe usual argumen s of the exortion t "' darkne'ss of nighl may " "bi. State, by which .he d.s r.oflawfrom the observe- wnsiituii aUrnitted to the free ' .. - er 4 VT nncilESTEK MCis.mu. WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 11. 19. THE PRESIDENT'S RECEPTION On Thursday lasi, about 1 o'clock P. M . . n j n n iaii. this city was visited ren. An emulous pany r .-I .I n 1- nrtivl or ' . . . A (, friend, end others. In m.s cou.... .ii,hr;nff counties to meet him here, and give him an imj oir,g reception' Had we 7 -r .u mh-rofhis iioluical lnends neen 01 -- , .,., and concurred in the measures ior .....,, exercise o. " -V" ".Tncenieni o. be vieweain nr.. - -,;,: o( our human r.gn... "f .. impof. being based Ui-on. - g e.t.a. it ha. nlrea.iy uoue - - iuOuedce upon tne geu.. one of It is universally conceded 10 be bei nDJ. .XW'i r .pirii had been bu.y ,ha. ;hey ...; .K nlu.ed and concurred in me m'"'" " . '"' ' eous mm tu. .. -- . . . . cd.nd mortified by ihe issue. We were 'Jfppy ,0 reiterate their c ol.eed in a favorable pofiuon 10 view ihe h(,erinJ weiCOine, and off--r you, 1 v . . .nn.l..id from Ihe u.:..,:r.,v.l conjraluli'ions. that private Jriendihip and generou$ tetaU ment may bring two ncn pamr. reciprocation, or cordial courie.y, w.w may remove tbe itlng of controver.y, refine social intercourse, anu . character. In all this, tnere isanoo..v.. of the distiniion. between v.riu. and Tice, right and wrong, freedom and slavery, which proves the .yatem witn which 1. . . nuorthrow I una 10 be founded on meir un. - - - --- i, one of ihe most fearful sympioras, as far as it goes, of a degraded people, and ruin- The'sucred obligation, of domestic life, and the great duties of political integiltjr, should never be violated wilh impunity- la every moral community, such viola ioni should be marked with .tern disapproha-tion-in every ftee government, tbejr ahould 1. a;.,.a uriih unvielding constancy. UC I C J'UVt.u v - . - Whoever locki on iheip wnn compiec.j, L ..,! and f railins be may appear, nuwcci vw. j - , J II ought nol 10 be considered nice but du l,- not amiably liberal, out recwessiy ur.-.- In respect to the H.rie canai, ir. . ren deserves more praise than hie adverse-,ies allow him. In 1816 he was a member of the tate senate, when ihe first law relet. " Jr. . r u -arsiPd m hp n a loem 10 tnr IQVDl ViraiiT - -- - . t . j nm Kl-irpv hurled out from nu views of the law. No question is better settled. We have no law to transport persons charged wiih crime, out of this country, the case of a Vermont statute to the contrary notwithstanding. . '. I hastily make these remarka in relation to this African slave trade vovaae, to correct or at least to set the press lo the examination llT 8lion impomDt "humanity. ' Muiny, pirscy, murder, or whslsver it k ,,nH " m our IsniuaE. w pur poBely avoided givine a nm to . crime, or hiavement, or whttever else it miy be eslled. II id a ingl insuncs wsppoke of ihe Africans a " U1HUII(Vl. . - ' . Ified Hy the n scnteneo, a part of whiih ws bavsjual q inlpd. know very well that in slricino-s of langinjo they re not muliner i . 1 i ; 1 .mink nf HumallitV ana lliereiura wo uuu. argoiuenl was dwigned lo prove tbst lny ar not. JZdi. jour, wm, From llio Neir York American. SCHOONER AMISTAD. The questions arising from the capture of this vessel are assuming urgicc v. .... pittance ihat'seems to demand some notice of them from the press. Under first representations or impressions, lhat the revolted crew were legally held ae tlavee, and that, being such, ihey had risen and murdered the master and crew of the vessel, it seemed to be a pretty general opin-ion, that a demand fcr tliein would be made by the Spanish authorities, to which this Government could not do otherwise than accede. For, inasmuch as own law. recognize properly in slaves, and consequently punish crime committed by them, even for the recovery of their libeny, it dues nol appear how we could avoid recojnizinj the right of another nation to cousider and treat Slaves, and their crimes, after the same fashion. But it would now seem, from the admissions of the while survivors of the Amittud, that ihe blacks on board were not .fares, even by ihe Spanish laws but, on ihe contrary, had been feloniously taken away from .u.:. . ... n nminirv ACricA. and in violation men w j , 1 " - - of the Spanish laws, as well as the laws ol Heaven, naj Deen surrepuuuumy muucu Cubi, and there held in duress till ihey could If at any period before their being landed ' . ik. .muI liavincr ihpm on board had been fallen in with by . British or Spanish cruiser, ihey who are now held by ihe authorities of ihis Republifl a. pirate, ii 1 .nelil-..! iniurM free- wouiu uvo uccii iuu.iumwm "'v j- men. and the whites who had aiolej ihem would have been Unnjed as pirates. I - 1:... Br Ikatr lanrlintr in Cub.l. Ill UA iiiai.t.c. v. . w." . -7 if the laws of Spain had been enforced, I.. -a lilnnlrai aim 1 1 il nrtl Knua hon IrBIftlPlf or llicnc uinLna ..vu.u uw w.. - sold as Slaves and their captor, who smuggled them on shore, must have neen treated as felons. If this be, a. we apprehend it is, a true statement of the case, the next and pregnant inquiry i, whe'hrrihe act ol purchase by Signor Jose Ruiz, of men thu. illegally transported to Cuba, could alter their condition, and, from much wronged and outraged freemen, convert them into hopeless and helpless alaves7 The answer to this inquiry does not seem doubtful or difficult ; and then, if, a. is inevitable, it rou.t be resolved in tbe negative, the light inio which we are to regard the black men of the Amistad, who, to recover their freedom, destroyed tlieir oppreasors, may b lafely ascertained, or tnis union. . re. supreme aw OI nt all. unless cognize tnis nso ir"7 , iMn 01 "peraonsueiu - ---- . escaping from one stale lo ano.uer, .trued into auch a recognmon ki.. . - construction flg-amal liDeny anu .....- rights, and iheretore, in irr fc"u""'-ther sound nor endurable. We, tbereforede-ny, what we have no, before LPfMenj- ed, that tbe eonstiiuuon 01 .uo does in any ol it. provisions, re e tl e rcht or propeny ioi, pectins " persons held to service or labor," applying to convicts or even to common apprentice, thu. held, equally as well as to ilate 1 and charge that, of course, our general government can officially know nothing of slavery any where, as slavery, and by thai name. But he this as it may, we have shown n preceeding numoers, oy ',""- 1 .. -n.;nl.a lhal nur 1TOV- . I . LnnwnnlriinlT nt the el i can ai "" r. - ---- - ru Oa-wa, wi vi w- -- - -7 w ' of course, it cao do no such ihio? as to re-etrd Cinffues and hi companions as ibe propeny oi toe opiiwi3 6v ia asst. is " - - But we have a still stronger argument uu this question. Instead of " recognizing the right of property in slaves," as belonging to fnrinira. " this countrv recosnizes" ihe for- :u... 1.0 .U aa nirnru. And does vi ra cy give to the piraies, " rights of property," 111 L11C uuuaca auu ouu'J " " of their piracv 1 What an " inalienab.e . ...... ft- I .U- T.. -KA ... .nl..iira In ngni, men, naui me u"'j ihose of our coumrymen whom iney were worn to seize and subject to slavery, before our government bad given them and the world to understand that it did not recognize slavery out of its own limits, save as piracy. And how unjustifiable was our governmeni in violating the rights of property thus acquired by the chivalryof Tunis, Tripoli and Algiers, as ii did by effecting the rescue of the slaves 1 . No, no. The Courier & Enquirer has too much sense to attach any weight to its own argument. It may desire the surrender of the self rescued slaves whom not Barbary, anuni'eh niratsa hnrl seized and were holding, as a concession to "our brethren of Ihe south" a kind or olive brancn, wnicn 10 us looks very like the noxious nightshade. It may have what, we do nol deny, may seem 10 it good and sufficient reasons for so desiring; but certainly it has not set forth in the above extract, what can so seem t3 ihe common sense which we give lhat paper credit for. And we doubt if it can pui upon paper any which shall be more conclusive e-ven to itself. -Be that as it may, we who are addressed by no motive, to make a concession to us so manifestly unjustifiable, and if unjustifiable, so humiliating also, and who if we were addressed by such motives, would cast them behind our back or trample them under our r . ...J k.'.. ik. n.niuiiliinn in rs.rlff. IVVl, BffUlU luu maa piv,.iv.. liver these men into the hand, of the piracy from which they have bravely recued ihem- ingion carry oul the proposition if they dare. uei iiirui nuu men au. w. , tv. be admonished lhat ihe case of these sell redeemed victims 01 a worse innu mgcuuc 1 Jl... .IT.... nf iKni. Aurn mtp. piracy, reueemeu uy enur ..t ...n. age, fortitude and perseverance, uch a. the ftftmrl I haa alwava honored is a case to which, in it. minutest points and widest bearings, the eyes of the American people 1' k. hlinrlorl TKsu avnminll II. the vaiiuui ftic ....v.m. " " 7 - - - - - I great majority of them at least, dispasxion-ately, disinterestedly and honestly and there will not be wanting those while the writer of this bold, a pen, there will not be want ing one at least who will see lhat the press 1 II ' . I ....k ml,lm aa It maT fnr .Tlim. snail give niciii buv.i m.-j . . . . I .1.. luing 11 inieiigenuy. tounprovoaeu , -,,; to mansteaiing, 10 me yuc. r--- . . member, of la.nihee, and .0 -A. moM horn Mi baiDarou. ircuruem -- . tiomrrom their native country to America exchange 01 nneny ,ur ".o(the . 1 ... . in Havana there a slave vessel wu uci --i ; -, could have been no hesitation whatever m refusing to deliver up the captive, -ho were on board of her. Their a tempt to recover the liberty or whicti iney n.u ---:-' deprived, was a natural and rightful action, aeprivcu, w . gl. and no scrupie wuuiu - lowing ihem to go free. But .he plantei, who was conveying be.e mtnio his estate, became possessed ol I them bv a regular purchace according to the laws and cuSlmsP of hi. country. He wa. no . r u. .k.t nnnn. 10 their concernea, ior usi; rrn-v-induction into Cuba ; he found ihemlaves already, and he brought ibem. Thi. does not, we adroit, Diaae any umc...v- mora character oi me iurui r--I regain their liberty, g- Barbary 'coast whou.d have slavery on u.e o j ..ff , , .egwd aciea 5 ouina.v -j-- : ieoun- 10 tbed.posi ion oi r-coeoizes ihe try, the eonstiiuuon of which WV ' . institution of slavery in a part of the repun lie. It has struck us, on a hasty Tiew Ol case, that both the vessel.and those on Dotra, upon a competent aemauu aim a...r ' . ..L-o :.t. ...iknruies. must on ine pan 01 me ou ...... -- , be delivered up, though we confess thai 1 tb view of the subject in regard 10 the blacks ts notonewDicn we are wu ...B rWT ;. The question, as we think 11 should be, is in reiard 10 ilia Wn-Tlw Mte8i sA Mr. Editor Let us suppose thai, thirty years ago, when Algiers used 10 make slaves of while Americans, and Spain was a powerful nation, some thirty American citizens bad been taken and canied 10 Algiers, .old as slaves, and almost without time to land, had been sold to an Algerine planter, and placed on board a coasting schooner to go to hi- esiaie. Let us then suppose a man like Johs Paul Jones, to have headed the unhap- f 1 m nit aA Inf. py company. 01 nis couuiryiurn, ai.v- vessel, thrown the Aleerine captain overboard, sent the Alsjerine sailors ashore -in a boat, sparing for some reason, the life of the old Algerine who had bought them in the . t 1 r a l: r ... ik.n Miin. man .uamoiesoi imiers. m --v pose ihis vessel lake'nby a Spanish guarda costa, and carried into Cadiz where the .old Algerine immediately claims ihe Americans, fanners sons in New Jersey and Connecticut, as his proper y, and insists that they ti.oli ciihor Ko har.l nr (riven un to be tried 1 .. . i- C!. ........ .kitn lhat nv int. lawsni a r era. ou fuusc tu .. - .1.: 1 1.1 . .ft.. ..... nfiKa Amri- 11119 ailUUlU UUIIIC IVI ft. .ft: .i.a w. ...w ran ImliKuHiir si Madrid, would he not at ... -1 .la... nor murderers, but brave Yankee boys, un justly and piratically deprived of liberty, .......t. ....... ..., wkyxcf 1 1 1 i 1 ir snnpnvnnu ..miib.Iiu mean! f'tillv lllftlitlpd bv ihe ..nn.A ..nl.a nrmontinilt A llll ttK(lll!(l tilt L 1 . 1 a 1 vu.ft.v v. . 1 .... . . Spanish government give them up 10 Al a k. .km n. Ki.rnorl a Alcrprinfi Ven IW ft7 9HU U - '9 A.n.A miil iliAlnfa wnillfl flfll OUT COJO' s i. .' II .ft.- 1 A .k.... irvmen. wouia not an me wunu Spain with beinj an accomplice in the afro cious piracy ? What nr.ll nnr i-hriai in n. humane and re publican nation do ? Mr: Editor, will you nnt .nne.nt in ia I M a roriitfr ni rnniriuu- tions for ihe defeuce and relief of these be- oic men ? Time is short, ihe trial is1 on (be 17ib. BUNKER HILL. guardian, ol - - nd. ,ere same time, 11 '" .. i d. eper : ..... ipaa.il mill lutw'i' eous nnu enniu...; pnrou. assembled cordial anu 01 m. .11. 1 naaacii. aiier ihv Glft-iaxjl I 111 If IU . - - I ' . KHi-W Bocbesw. H-W-;r T; ,i. .h ftW 1W ZZLZZS. as must nave ueen u..v.,,-.-. ". -- "-"; , ,ki. daS, nroeJings,i anu rec.---.-- ,., m;.k POniderable dif- man .u.ny ---- nuerai -, . f reJecon. of ing the President, wi.n .es. man have orig n- , . twm .lisnosition. and of ihe services which .nere, of j0 ihM td" y ; rna. in iro-vemen. a. we., a. the p.s.ag. tUie. and o nfti ui o , afe d . nnm rraielul a-anowieugciuv.-, . ui . ... , ... k,. r-nrriac-e.. and eleven one-borse vihi r .nria m thHir rear, a ic cies 01 iciuu" the house roof, and a few la- uv, - - , Ult&ai iur iiuv, ..- . nf il.o other nersons moving in attend- Jivsa wa .- I , , ance, occupied the side wains anu noi ...t- n iwr Mere was a iuiui uu.- urwcoaiw" rah, the first we heard. . . . . 1 columns beautifully clothed witn spiral wrpaih, of evere-ereen. In the spacious kohinrt these columns, a large num 1. r ,!r-.ed and respectable ladiei UC " - , and children, with a few gentlemen, look their position ; while in the street, oe;ore u.e house, a numerous concourse oi men anu bovs. spreading from the canal bridge lo the ' ' r - ...... iil :.,! rA freely rendered. nr0ftoritV of effur" in i,s faVor' b,a""d " 7P"0D' speaKingoi B'1'1'". :: ,,,,.. k ihe Sen ile. It was .uosequt-nuy ..u6- in speasu.s "i t the county, and of the pnres.iv. .... ment. in this particular aec.iuu . . , ,-- visited Hie r aus " : : " Vs n-.k a: a ..ni pnsi even in ihe uiiy 01 ivuciicsftc-i . . ----the imagination of 'a founder.-a - sub e ouenl period, noi more .... . - j -- hy ihe Sen ile. It was .ubsequenily sauc-lioned by ihe Assembly. And af.erward. Mr. Van Buren aided the canal poucy, in procuring loans lo carry on the work, with iflicaciou ,-ind on one important occa.ioo, with much needed zeal, for inese roen.u-rious services let him have due praise. If Mr. Van Buren has ever aone any thing, in the administration of the national eovernment. to establish a sound currency, ' '. -r .u:. .. htrnne of mv pre- . , ., ,1. ,:. 0 a sounder western pan ui m.s - -i , . . - . succcru, - : cr... ; a ainull VllMSe III I . . i . ..,,1-.,. Tha uecessors in wu, . . currency than li can nope u . which the Liborsol the axeman in he re c ur y ,rpaliun ha. not due ion of the forest could scarcely ne emu ruin na. r...u - to have been com, leled. And what have we yel erner?ed from chaos. . nuw ? a city coniaiiiing a popuia.iu.. . . . The etaiemeni ol Air. vanourrn ar.n iwHriiu and iweniy-uvc . . . ,,, ,,, of ltHi. 10 comer J..I.IOI arm in arm. bv I . " r .1.- .Al.ntrv . ol rare OCCUi- I tmti in the Presidcut wa3cw'"-" 1 ltlis pan i f.wu..jv .a a al.a a I f llll'tl illlUIlIt I I ... one of the whigs oi ... j t I..,rrah WH heard rwwi m . l. rr... Ti ia A.ipvanitftr rpnnrt ed io Maine lhat the Land Agent of the Siate has .old $30,000 worth of irespass d that ihere is a l.lliucr uu niw . ww-. ; . , . . laree amount of limber remaining, which will shortly oe .old lora.um neuny to pay the exp-n.ei of the Expedition last winter. A Comet. A beautiful Comet may be .-sen at this time in (he West, ju.t after .unset. It may pe easily found, bemj immediately i.i .u. !..;.. Iia hrilliiinev ueiow iib juwiiwft u'i. - - i much exceed, lhat of any Comet heretoforH known. Vtevelami u. imaia. ANTI-SLAVERY PROCEEDINGS. The Abolitionists of Greene county 0.) have had a " feast of reason and a w oi soul" for ihe past week. Besides ihe invited a - a. m n..l. I 17aitm.n I kuu nneaiivra, .'iroan. wv- . . , 1 -..:.i..rxt ; .a 1 ; r fvnrit tvnh ihi nrp.i- WCIV piJ V IUCU l.nn J au v vi ftwx v... .... r r C t Pinftluirvk an aminflnl lprl lirpr trtlCC UI Ws W -Ma-i4i"e v " iroiTi JLasitrn rf aiiy ivaum, iciviu ...... . o ml annkninAil I. la nilili. UljUnitO UCtftaMld I.IIVIIIII.IVM " r annarnl l.n.lrO in I t rOii A , I ruCSfl. nfl one day. Since then Mr. Boyle has been . ." . . ... i . i lecturing in uiuerent places iu uie vicinny. On Wednesday last we were favored wiih . . . . . r 1 ni . 1 two addresses irom tne xvev. j. oiuncnaru, oi lmcillllltil, Wllftj in iiiv c.ic.uy n.tu jiattiftjB til his appeal, to the heart and ihe conscience IS, in uur U'llliuil, a mm ucuiiiu 111 Burleigh. The introduction to his first address was peculiarly appropriate. It will b found in another column. The audience in attendance at our Anniversary was much larger than at any preceding one. This is a cheering indication of an increasing desire among the people to investigate the imroit nt question of human rights, which should encourage every friend of the cause ; for, lo enlist "the pure in heart" on tbe side of liberty, nothing is necessary but a right understanding of the question. Another favorable indicHiion is found in the fact that the meeting was held in the courthouse. Heretofore the Abolitionists have been indebted to private citizens for the priv- ! I .. .. n r ikaip A m ir n ril. m knl.l ll.nl. M. urge ft, ft. ivi. mw. jaiu. iu iiviu .licit mrci- ings in. On this occasion they enjoyed the right granted to all other societius, 'that of lllt;T;ft.K v...F.v v. juai.vv ... ificu in. cou!C oftbe oppressed. x j v,ftatr rna anr! Vaf W iih coarse lcoTir) graf Tbma ' . .L l loons ; his bands were covered who giuvc, j - nt thom npeammadalea WltQ a 1DH Uftlft! V. ...v... mi. Utile stick. The Secretary of war. with a few other gentlemen stood on the nlatform. while a salute was ived lromguns situated near ihe Genesee river. After this, Mr Phan in addressed ihe President, in a speech, which he held written in hand, as follows. Ma. President, This is th e first time the city of Rochester has been honored by the presence of the President of theUnited States ; it is not su-prising, iherefore, lhat your arrival among :.. k..iui i.io-uihpr thia vasi concourse of yonr fellow cit zens from their daily einploy- menis, iu ici.c j" r - irations of respect. In their behalf I am designated to ereet you with a cordial welcome, and tender to you the hospitalities of this city and country. tlow nappliy aoes ine presi-m nuiinmiug scene, like similar occasions, wnicn ou orr daily railed upon lo witness, in your journey through your native state, illustrate the su- . . . r 1 1 : C . r perior excellence oi our repuum-uu wmu Government : how a lmirnhly does the sacred principle of equality of political and civil rights and privileges, in its procical operation, promote the sreatesl good of the great mass of the people, and. how graii lying it must be to your own frelings .o witness, every where such universal prosperity and happiness, enjoyed by your fellow citizens, flowing in a broad, deep, clear stream from tbe admiuisiration of the governmeni of ibe .... I -v V. Af M a lallAa JICUJJIC 9 IS W IS V IJVlv,Va K is wnn uearueii sausiacuon, ui.u yuu. IVTI ri'liai ii is. a vi v ' v -w - y conduct for an exemplification of ihose do- ... . . ntki.!. .n.nalun Ka rflllinna IllCnilU VllftUCO nilll.ll nr.ftwi. .... .w.....w..-. of social anil private life 5 while in those sharp .nnfl'ii... nf niil.inlii anil nninintl. wllictl have deeply ngitated. and still agiiate ihe country, actuaied by the generous sentiment, that political differences ought noi to beget personal animosity, or interrupt privme friendship, you have rarely failed, by your integrity find magnanimity, to secure lor yourself the per- suilfl. lC!in;iauu i-.iccius.ci. vi jvui '"inr rat antnnoniais. The manifestation of kind ness and cour es'y toward poli'icul oppon ents, .removes ine sung 01 coniroversy refines social intercourse, and elevates individ. ... 1 1. uut vi.arauicr. In the brief space allowed for this addreM, it is impossible 10 cull un in review the var ious mensuies of vast public utility, which were originated or advocated by yourself, when you held a seat in the Legislature, or in the Conven'inn that framed the Constiiu- I- . . .w . . ... lion, or was uoverno 01 ine oiaie- western New York, and this city, especially, have reaped such a rich harvest of benefits from our admirable svs'em of internal improvement, as 10 require from your fellow k... .....ki.. 1 . 1' 1. 1. . 1 1 wlfticftiri lie . w naicuiuicU) a, nana uft.nuuv.iftrfti- gment of their de bt of gratitude to yourself, r... ... .... ki. 1 ..V.. 1 .!... IUI IVIH OUIC, r-..l 11 IJ , UIIU PUI.lCai'lUI ...Tft' n... p.i.. e .. r.1,.1.... V.ftl ftll. I.UftJ. UI III. .wTUUIC, Jl .... .Un antliorioinz the construe ion of (he Eiie Ca- . ... .... . . . . nil. imoi 10 appreciate jusiiv your menim-ious exertions to promote this stupendous improvement, would prove ourselves to be unworthy of the immense benefits which have resulted from it. Sober and reflecting men will never cease to regard with deep interest your patriotic efforts in the legislature of this State to give nan inot who vi irom icecinn, 1 i . ... :.. .r.rtt!i.iiinn m rnlnred nno - 1 unn 1 nr r i Lt-nil i u 1 1 a air.iiwu..v.. w K we lurn our eve to the east o''' t.i2en. wilh mucl, g.eater oppression than VoheMonawK to tnewrine. u. .... fcJWblBLH, was againai il-tiii, wilh a display ot internal improreinemi-, i 10 ine riglil ol voting, wnre men navingine ..j ........ ..ii n.ji.mii,:ifpfl wealth. I . r , r t , ncusni inuuifto im v...- I QUailura-ions Ol lawiui je, icMuencr, ciii-.li.l.. riiiniii nr a Irw vp.irs.thH beam-1 n . .... . . .- - - - ... '..i. I zensliin. and periormance ol nign way worir, ino-S 01 wnicn to spiace wnmu me nv.. i - .i.i,. Wl.lft... J.M.W'wwM - , . VUIC W I lllflllUVatlUII. ..Wk.... ...Hi. ... which rejoices .he heart of "7 Araer" approved, because it was su-e lu be adopted cit zen. and to which, wi b you, lie may fi . r t..ni.i. .rni.lnes of bv a maioritv of the convention. prOUOIV pOllll IIIC III. ft.-" i ... our institutions. That these inestimable tn a speech he made in Ihe convention advantages mav be secured, and the onward ..;., ,lnii-prsal suffranre. he used this aria- cou.seof the country continued by wise and an!rua(. w.her. spcakii gof the right temperate mra-ures, which, whilst ihey - - a .'' ...l... j... k'.. ,:n anmn sh, of sulTraz.'. vzc were cheapening this n- mae saie,wuai na. "ecu u ww... , - . . - ed aflbrd, also every facility for all further valuable right. He was disposed lo go a improvement that is consistent with the ca- j-ar as any man n fne extension of ration-pacities of ihe country and a due regard I to couIJ con?en o under. ...k.. ;niar.ctachniilrl hp the wish ol every " j value this precious privilege so fir, as to con LUUU ft.lft.vu. ,'l . . , . I accept, sir, with pleasure the cordial yer ii, with an liidiscriminaiing hand, njioa welcome lo the city of Rochester and its 0 . kac 0nd white." Insolent as hosniialiiie which have been so "blisr.ng y .f .(jm f. h of vfl, tendered to me, ond return you my sincere i . i " thanks for the complimeniary and kind man- mg was a boon graciously bestowed, by ml ... 1. ...Ut..k unit Kav. huon nlnncpd lo con- ara nnnn tha na.intp and nnt S neceSSSH iici in , ww . v 1 . ii I ..,.w .... r --"- - I.V. ... W..... , ww . w , . vey it to me in behalf of your fellow cm zens. Mr. Chapin spoke loud, and was heard by a large part of the assembly. The President spoke low, and instead of presenting his face lo the front, faced ihe north towards the addresser, leaving the largest part of ihe audience to hear as they could, frrro one side of him, or from behind him. In tru'h, ihey beard but little or nothing intelligibly. The Pieiident was not animated in his manner, but easy and graceful, except that the gloves and the daintv stick, to our uncounly rusiiciiy seemed paltry and inappropriate. This ceremony being over, anotner nurran was heard proceedtni from mouths apparent-lv ill onened. and breath near expiiins. We thought all ihe hurrahs par O'jk more of moaning than of merriment. As near as we could judj'', the whole assembly migh co ohm of between four and five thousand men, women and children. In the address lo the President there are several pernicious errors of fact and principle asserted or implied. As lo domestic virtues, the occasion required no allusion to them, and there was great temerity in making any. At any rate, ii could nol tail io nring tothe recoiu-ction-o: many present, the blush of modesty raised a few years ago, by the impudent but bafflvd eflbits of distinguished men, at the copilol li K'v? curicuvy, in uic uigiicsft uiift-.iri, iu female impurity not merely suspected, but ... ft...,,?... well Known ana esiaunsneu. The address contains Ihe idea, that geuer-on. sentiment and jirivate friendship ought nol to be interrupted by such political differences as distinguish Ihe friends of Mr. Van Buren, and their opponents. This idea appma to us Tulsa. ilnnmrnua. and rlUrrranafiil- , B i The most intelligent demonstrations, on both sides, establish the fact, that each of these pariiei think, ihe oilier basely selfish, and finrrnnr. Nnfhino Mn ha mnra itanlnraKla . ..w g W.... WW ...w.w ww,..w.w.w than this fact, if it be true; and nothing is more cvir cive of ii truth, than the doctrine, necessary cnnsen'ienre of the eanal and inalienable j - 1 ri'gArs nf native born and virtuous freemen I "It is univeisniiy conceited to oe one u. the noble characteristics of Americon citizens, that ih.y entertain the most profound respect for the laws, as well as the constitu ted guirdiaits of ihe publ c welfare." Bans Would it were so ! j htok or tne masonic ahiliiriinn murder, and trials, in ihe infected district, a few years ago, of ihe mob, burn- injs, Lynching", and murders, more recently spreading insecurity and fear, all over the country; and of ihe infamous connivance at these outtages, of men of wehl h, and of party influence, including the highest con-li tuled guardians nf the public wtlfaret and compare Ihem with this representation. But the conclusion of the address what shall we say of thai ? Did ever two senten-co contain more exq-iif-ite cajolery io obtain a cordial and cheerinsr welcome more ob vious and puient metaphorical drag rotes to bring out "spontaneous and enthusiastic ap-.. .... plause!" And how miserably did ihey lam Scarcely did the committee of arrangement, or any party fugleman, make a hearty response, scarcely did nny lady nearest the presence ol his Excellency, spread out joyously ''the white wonder of her hand," or handercluer, in token of welcome ana a. i? ibe mas. below, '-sober, ttedfasl and demure," no voice of sonorous and contagious slndness, passed their throats, and scarce a face among them "wrinkled intosympathy.' Of the President', reply, we have but lit tle to say. Read it, and set it merits a. high as you can. Its most important portion, is that, in which he ascribe, ihe improvement, of the country 10 its institutions, and not to their administration. Upon ihe whole it may nol be strange thai such anti-republican and .tTrontfut as.ump-tion, a. could not, in tbe capacity of member of the New-York Convention, consent to confer vpon the free people of the North, the

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