The Express from Lock Haven, Pennsylvania on July 12, 1965 · Page 8
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The Express from Lock Haven, Pennsylvania · Page 8

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Lock Haven, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Monday, July 12, 1965
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Page 8
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Monday, July 12, 1965 Senatorial Ethics Washington Merry-Go-Round ... The appointment of six U. S. Senators to fferve as a watchdog committee in checking on the ethics of their colleagues is one aftermath of Che Bobby Baker case. Bobby Baker's entire story has not been told in th« politically-disputed investigation of Ms performance as a career-employe of the Senate, but enough has come out to throw some murky clouds over the Senate itself. After all, Bobby Baker learned all he knew in the educational atmosphere of the Senate arid his teachers were the Senators. Although some students, in any educational atmosphere, are more apt tiha-n others, and some always get ahead of their teachers, ithe Baker case would not have amounted to so much if Baker had not appeared to be the reflection of the Senate its-elf, its ways of doing business and its ethical standards of behavior. As much as has been told of Baker's operations has indicated that, if he reflected Senatorial ethics, the ethics need elevating. The solution to this situation seems to be —forget Bobby Baker and set a watchdog committee to scrutinize the ethics of the Senate. We doubt that muoh would be accomplished by pursuing the tale of Bobby Baker, and we doubt that the watchdogs will be able to curb any of their colleagues who really want to accept favors in return for votes, or sell influence for bribes, or respond unduly to the pressures of campaign conitributors. These are among the real evils against which the only protection is a high standard of personal ethics. This is a standard only tihe voters and ithe political organizations can demand. Uwbi'l they do, tihere will continue to be Bobby Bakers among the Congressional hangers-on, and there wdiH also be ethJcal lapses among Senators which no watchdog committee can prevent. The Use of Bicycles W« are surprised that there arc not more accidents involving children on bicycles and pedestrians who fail to dodge their inexpert operation of their two-wheeled chariots. Boys and girls who obvfou'sly are not skilled bicycle-riders can be seen almost any day, riding their wheels in the business district, either flitting dangerously through heavy downtown traffic, or rid/ing on the sidewalk, where they are a hazard to pedesitrians. These youngsters and their parents should know that it is a violation of a city ordinance for bicyclists to ride on the sidewalk, and a vdolaifcion of good sense for them to ride in the street, where both automobile and pedestrian traffic is thick. Where, then, should they ride? The answer should be easy for anyone of reasonable aittiitudes and good judgment. , The children and their bicycles should fltay.ouit.of the business district. They should travel the streets where traffic is not so heavy, they should learn to ride their bicycles well before they venture into the public streets anywhere, and they should do itfheir errands on foot if they want to visit Main St. stores, leaving their bicycles a block or two away. Parents should realize that reckless and unskiUlfuil bicycle riders are potentially reckless and arrogant automobile dirdvers, who may MM themselves sometime because they never learned that the streets and the roads must be shared safely with others. Youngsters who are old enough to ride bicycles are Also old enough to realize for themselves thait they have a responsibility. Th» Old Ptetyrt Album. White House Pulled Wires Backstage for Bill Giving Patents to Drug Firms Copyright, 1965 by the Bell Syndicate, Inc. By DREW PEARSON WASHINGTON - Wlhen the average citizen sits in tihe Senate gallery watching a debate or reads the record of tihat debate later, he can't always teH what's happening. This is because some things go on behind the scenes, also because Senators have a rigM to edit the Congressional record before it's printed. No Senate vote was more important to -tihe public than that when a majority voted, in effect, not to let the government have tihe rigM to keep new drug patents developed witih tihe total of $16 billion of taxpayers' money plowed into research each year on medicine, cancer cures, heart remedies,, together with inventions for space and national defense. Every year, the taxpayers sheM out $15 billion for research. But if a private company using this money comes up with a phenomenal cure for cancer, the Senate voted, in effect, then the taxpayers don't get the benefit of that cure without paying for it. The profit will go to one of the big drug companies. This leaves -tine public paying twice: once for the research; then for getting tihe benefits of tie research. Wihat tihe public didn't know when this vote was -taken was tot Dr. David C. Beclder, assistant to the P r e s i d e n t 's Science Director, sat in tihe Senr ate glafery, After tihe vote was taken he smiled like a Cheshire oat. What the pubic also didn't know was tihat a White House assistant, Mike Manitos, put in telephone oais to key Senators urging them to vote against tint taxpayers and for the drug companies. ManJos made the mistake of phoning Sen. Ralph Yarborough of Texas, who told his fellow Democrat, Sen. Russell Long of Louisiana, about the White House opposition'. Long, th« Democratic Whip, was 'the author of the amendment whereby patents for new medical discoveries would remain with tihe government. * • * Fooling the Public Leading fihe fight for the White House and the drug companies was Sen. John Pasltore of Rhode Island, first Italian-American ever to serve In the Senate. Sen. Mike Mansfield of Montana, the Democratic Leader, usualy on the side of the White House, this time was against it and on the pro-public side. The issue was whether to table the Long amendment protecting the public on patents. When the roH was called, every Republican except Hiram Pong, .the Chinese-American from Hawadi, voted with the drug companies. Long's amendment was side-tracked, in effect defeated. Immediately Pastore rose to explain his own motion to table. "If I were placed in the position of having to vote on the merits of the amendment, I should have voted in the affirmative," he said. "I atn for tihe consumer. I voted for the natural gas bi!; I voted to out down the oil depletion allow- anc«. I believe in protecting the rights of the consumer." Then he went on to explain that this was a matter of procedure, and he wanted the drug patents amendment to go to Sen. John McOteHan of Arkansas, chairman of the Patents Committee, for study. Real fact, however, is that McOlelan has been studying this patent question for four years, and his committee is considered the graveyard of any attempt to protect tihe public. The Senator from Arkansas was a consistent opponent of the late Estes Kefauver of Tennessee in his battle to protect the public on medical patents. McCMlan is still a Mocker. * * * The Roll Call Many Senators were nervous about siding with the big drug companies in this debate. But they can now alibi that they were voting for "further study." When you write your Senator as to why he voted for the drug companies, that's the reply you wild receive. In addition to an almost unanimous Republican vote for the drug companies, the following Democrats also lined up against giving the taxpayers fine benefit of the research they are paying for: Bayh, Ind.; EastJand, Miss.; Brvi nand Jordan, N.C.; Fulbright and McOlellan, Ark.; Hayden, Ariz.; Hill and Sparkman, Ala.; Holland, Ma.; In* ouye, Hawaii; Jackson and Magnuson, Wash.; Kennedy, Mass.; Kennedy, N.Y.; Lausdhe, Ohio; McCarthy and Mbndale, Minn.,Monroney, Okl'a.; Pastore and Pell, R.I.; Robertson, Va.; Rus- seffl, S.C.; Russet, Ga.; Stennis, Miss.; Symington, Mo.; Will- lams, N.J. * * * Strange Reversal Under orders from the White House, the Justice Department is doing an amazing switch on patents developed by government funds. On March 7, 1963, Nick Katzenbach, then Deputy Attorney GeneraJ, testified before the Senate Smai Business Subcom- mittee on Monopolies, as follows: "The Department of Justice has frequently stated that when inventions are produced as a result of governmental expenditure, it is generailiy undesirable to permit the developing contractors to exclude others from the use of such inventions. "This is particularly true in oases where research itself is aimed at developing commercial products to promote public health, public safety or increased productivity. ' "But beyond these obvious examples, we believe that the government should generally retain title to inventions produced as a resullt of governmental contract, and rarely, if ever, should the government agree in advance of the time when tihe invention is known and produced, for title to be given to tie con- straotor." Mr. Katzenbaoh, now Attorney General, is now sending a statement to the MoOlelian Committee — under instruction — reversing his own previous position. OPPORTUNITY ONLY USED TO HAVE TO KNOCK The World Today ... Another Revolutionary Step By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) - An American revolution begun 30 years ago will be taking just one more step when Congress soon gives final approval to the voting rights bill and medical care for people 65 and over. President Johnson is extending what his hero, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, started. Until 1935 there were two prevalent American philosophies: that the federal government had no responsibility for the general welfare; and that safety and survival lay in isolation. Both have been turned completely around. Although England under Queen Elizabeth in the 16th century showed twinges about people's welfare by passing laws concerning the poor, the idea was slow in growing. As late as the latter half of the 19th century American presidents were emphatically denying the federal government had general welfare responsibility. This idea slowly melted as industry and the population grew. But it wasn't abandoned until 1935 when Congress passed the first Social Security Act providing old age pensions and other benefits. Congress took another gigantic step in 1935. * * * This was In passing the Wag- ner Act which said employers must bargain with a union of their employes and couldn't fire a man for joining one. Workers never had that protection until then. Unions mushroomed. In 1937, under Roosevelt's prodding, the revolution caught up with the Supreme Court whose concern, clinging to 19th century ideas was for business and property interests. It approved the Social Security and Wagner acts and went on, although sometimes haltingly, to show more concern for individual rights and liberties. In 1833 England had imposed its first limits on the hours a man would have to work. It limited miners to 48 hours a week. Congress moved in the same direction 105 years later. In 1938 it approved a 44-hour work week, later reduced to 40, and began the requirement of minimum wages. The New Deal's social legislation really ended there as the Roosevelt administration, worried about the coming war in Europe, began to build its de- BIRD WATCHER'S GUIDE (An Introduction to Traffic Types) BLEARY-EYED LEER LINDEN HOUSE, • century ago, stood behind Hs picket fence, with the owners, Mr. and Mrs. John Hap- bum standing on the lawn. They were the great grand- f parents of the late Frank Davidson of Jersey Shore. Mrs. Davidson lent the picture. This is a rare species only in that he is rarely seen in the daytime, He is quite common at night and in the early morning. He derives from the genus swillus alcholius and his diet is almost any potent liquid. He can readily be distinguished by a sloppy flight pattern and erratic behavior. He is usually pugnacious when captured. He has a short, sharp call, which sounds like "hie ... hie ... hie ... hie". Moral: If you drink ((spirits, that Is) don't drive. If you must Here and There in S. Viet Nam . . . Little War Gets Bigger Every Day Now By HAL BOYLE CAM RANH BAY, South Viet Nam (AP) — This little far off war is becoming bigger every day. One sign that the United States is preparing for a long campaign is the chain of bases it is building along South Viet Nam's lengthy east coast. The bases range from Vung Tau, near Saigon, to Da Nang, 380 miles to the northeast. Such giant nests of power are not the product of an idle hour, nor are they stopgap improvisations. They take months to plan, months to complete. They take the work of hundreds of machines, thousands of men, and millions of pounds of fuel and supplies. The latest of this chain of bases is at this deep water bay slightly more than a third of the distance from Saigon to Da Nang. It can harbor some of the world's largest ships, "It could become bigger than Saigon," said Lt. Samuel I. Eskenazi, 23, Seatle, Wash., platoon leader of an Army landing craft company. The pier has a 100-ton floating crane. Seven weather-yellowed French buildings house units of the Vietnamese junk navy. "Both the Japanese and the French recognized the strategic position of the port," said Capt. Lindbergh Jones, 37, Leesville, La. "The Japanese built fortifications and ammo dumps during the second World War, and this is one of the last places the French pulled out of after the battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954. "We're building standard port and depot facilities and cantonment areas for logistic troops, and an Army airfield." A look atthe map shows why the base site attracted Army strategists. The peninsula dangles in the sea like a wavy finger 22 miles southeast of Nha Tramg, a popular coastal resort. Surrounded on three sides by water, its narrow neck could be easily defended in case of trouble in the midpart of the country. Equally well, it could serve as a major marshalling point by the U.S. Army in launching an attack in the central area. The Army is building a new 4,500-foot airstrip and lengthening a small one left by the French. In addition, if needed, there is plenty of room for another major airfield — if the U.S. Air Force finds it requires one here. fenses and slowly emerged from isolation with lend-lease. But it got into war. The United States, which had backed away from the League of Nations, in the anguish of World War II began to hope for postwar peace and joined the United Nations. That was the beginning of the end of isolation. * * * Meanwhile, there came a memorable but often forgotten moment. In 1946, for the first time in history, Congress approved a law saying flatly the government had a responsibility for the general welfare. It was a foundation for the future. But the United Nations could not alone preserve peace. The Soviet Union began pressuring Turkey, Communists tried to take over Greece, and this country's wartime allies in Western Europe were too broke and dilapidated to help. President Harry S. Truman in 1947 totally ended isolation with his "Truman Doctrine" pledging American help to' 'free peoples resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. The United States helped Greece and Turkey, joined the See WORLD TODAY (Continued on Page 2) Shore Lines By Joseph Cox "The Daughter of .the American Revolution have set a stone in ithe Gebhant .Cemetery at the upper end of *he vaiUley as a memorial to Peter Pence, the great Indian fighter and of Revolutionary fame," said The Oval Ledger after the Founth of July of 1911. "He died in 1812 and his large tract of land was partitioned among Ms children into six farms. A stony ledge on one of these overlooking the entire valley forms a fitting resting place for the old hero. From that height he doubtless cast piercing glances and re- connoifbered in search of Indian foes. The spot was covered with three roses and there waves *he flag which he fought to creaite." No stony ledge but a rounded hiflUook was the site of fine cemetery when we visited it a number of years •ago. We believe that Wiiffliam Wefehans owned the farm at that time. lit is in Clliniton County at the eastern end of Nipponese Valley. This historical spot has its own history, as Jonesy Miller himself might say. "The Gebhant Cemetery has for many years been in the possession of A! Laubach, who takes excellent care of the grounds as well as the graves. He informed the public that he found it grown to underbrush and weeds, which he had rooted out, and that while he lived, the graves—ithe newest of which its 150 years old —.should be cared for. The inscriptions are in German. "There is much of mystery and tragedy in the legends that have come down through the years of this rugged old warnior, Peter Pence, one varying from another." He served in the Revolmfcionairy War in Captain Lowden's company and later as a lieutenant in the Pennsylvania Line. Moses Van Campen, another Hollander, Revolutionary soldier and Indian fighter, and Peter Pence once were captured by a party of ten Indians, together with a boy named Rogers, a man named Pike, and a lilttle cousin of Van Campen's. "One evening aibove Che Wyailusing Plate, while flha prisoners were being bound for the night, an Indian accidentally dropped his knife close to Van Cam-pen's feet. By a movement that escaped observation it was pnamptlry covered. "About midnight, when the warriors were all asleep, Van Campen secured the knife and released Peter Pence, who in turn out from the others the bands that held them fast. Cautiously but quickly the weapons were secured and a plan for action decided on. "The prisoners had been placed in the midst of the warriors—on either side five. Van Campen and Pike were to use the tomahawk on one group, wMle Peter Pence opened Hire on the other wMi the rifles. "At 1jhis juncture a warrior assigned to Pike started from his sHumber, and Pike was overcome by fear. In an instant Van Cauwpen had buried his hatchet in the head of the wakeful savage, and then made quick work with the adjoining four, while four of the other group were as speedily dispatched by Peter Pence. "There followed a desperate hand-to-hand contest between Van Campen and the surviving Indian—John, the Mohawk sachem. "The two were athletes in their way, wet matched in skill and strength. Van Campen, wilth Ms left hand, grasped the wrist of the warrior's right, in which his keen-edged knife was held. The Mohawk, with his left hand, seized Van Campen's right, in which the bloody tomahawk was clutched. "Thus grappling, they struggled, fell, and struggling, rose again, each vainly seeking to take advantage of the other's first false movement, while Pence, unable to distinguish the two combatants, dared not Hire a shot for fear of killing the wrflng man. "At length the Mohawk, breaking from Van Campen's grasp, turned to flee. Springing after him, Van Campen, with uplifted tomahawk, aimed a deadly blow straight at the retreating sachem's crest. But the wary Mohawk, by an agiile movement, saved his head, the hooked blade sinking deep into the muscles of his shoulder. "With a bound that wrenched the weapon from Van Campen's hand, the Indian dashed into the darkened forest and escaped, bearing the truculent trophy in his quivering flesh. "The liberated captives, after scalping their late captors, and securing their plunder, embarked on a hastily constructed raft down the river, and after a series of adventures reached Wyoming in safety, there leaving Pike and young Rogers. Van Campen, with his little cousin and Peter Pence, made their way by canoe to Northumberland." [ They'll Do It Every Time By Jimmy Hatlo /QOMSLBV, OH BOY-I WANT VOU TO KNOW WHYJ I WASN'T ABLE TO BE AT YOUR TESTIMONIAL PINNER-1 HEAR IT WAS 6REAT- I WAS ALL SET, BUT MV BOSS WAS TAKEN TO THE HOSPITAL- I HAP TO PROP, EVERYTHING I HAP TO 6£ OUT OF TOWN-MY MOTHER- IN-LAW WAS SICK-THAT WAS ONE PARTy I ^WANTEP TO /WAKE- 6OMSLEY WENT TO ALL THEIR SELP- PROMOTEP WIN6-PIN6S- THEY HAVEN'T BOU6HT A TICKET FOR ANYTMIN6 SINCE SALLY RANP ^/ TWEV WERE W4IT/N6 FOR THE TICKET SALE 70 BE A FLOP SOTHEYCOULP, 6E1 W HALF PRICE- THEY'RE 4-F IN THE WAR A6AINST POVERTY/, travel, be executive-like . . . let someone else do the chauf- fering. LISTENING TO THE NON-SHOW- UPS EXPLAIN WHY' A PAL'S (5ALA EVEN IN0 • Thudfio JACK WILSON, A HAT TIP 27 PEEL STR£ &1, " T»— MONTREAL, GANAW,

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