Chronicle FIRST FOR Â·+*? PUBLIC SERVICE Winner-- 1964 Woshington State Award For Journalism Excellence EDITORIAL PAGE Thursday, July 1, 1965 JOHN B. EDINGER PUBLISHER Today's Editorial Legal Defense For All Is Goal A two-yeai 1 study by the research ami of the American Bar Association round t h a t about half of the 300,000 persons charged with felonies in tho nation's state courts each year arc too poor to hire lawyers to defend them. Of the other half, many ciin only pay Â·A part, of a lawyer's fees and other tlefcnse expenses, but not enough to assure adequate defense. These findings were published as the Department of Justice sought lo install a voluntary legal "first aid" program for the poor in the country. Slate and local bar associations soul 550 lawyers to'\Vashinglon for a three- day conference that left some convinced of the merits of the plan, others worried and still others concerned that it would mean the beginning of "socialized law" in this country. One reason for this fear is the belief that civil rgbts groups would dominate the program. Objections were also made to the suggestion by Attorney General Nicholas deB. Kilt/en- bach that the canon of ethics hi! set aside and lawyers be permitted to solicit the poor for business. Still another objection was to social workers and others advising the poor of their legal rights, instead of sending them to lawyers to do so. Legal aid has been for many years an established practice in large cities of this country. The principle can be extended to all communities without, difficulty, so long as it is controlled by the law profession and services are offered by selected lawyers, not by untrained volunteers from other professions. Doctors cannot prescribe law any more than lawyers can prescribe medicine. As for the idea in general, it may unfortunately be classified as another part of today's popular high court philosophy that is giving the breaks to the lawless by making convictions tougher to get by law enforcement agencies and greasing prison releases for convicted criminals. OUR READERS WRITE TO THE EDITOR SOLUTION? Page Twiss Chehalis Dear Sir: I would like lo make a suggestion in regard to how to get schooling for the Kelly family. Buy n small prefabricated house and erect it on the farm near the dwelling house. On the north side have a black board and a teacher's desk. On each side, east and west, have two or three windows lo let in plenty of light and ventilation. Then a row of individual desks with a roomy aisle in the middle and a heating stove in the center; then one door on the south side and a little porch over it; then on the north end build a little woodshed. Such school houses were built in pioneer days, only they were built of logs and cedar shakes out of t h e woods. About all they had to buy were the windows and nails. Many teachers \v e r j turned out from these small, rural schools. I believe there arc some relived and experienced teachers who would be happy to teach in a school like (his and supplement their retirement income at the same time. And with only six children to teach she Would have plenty of time to give each pupil individual attention -so they could catch up on the time they lost when out of school. 1 believe the Kelly family would be happy to h a v e a teacher boarding with them, for teachers are invariably good company. The Jackson Prairie school house is the last one lo be consolidated. There is only one rural school left, and that is at Evaline. Such school equipment as desks, erasers and chalk could be obtained for very little money. How could Ihis school problem be solved any more cheaply or happily than the above flum- blc suggestion? WHAT OTHER EDITORS ARE SAYING WARS AND RUMORS OF WARS Huntwille Times Huntsville, Ala. "The intelligence reports each morning indicate difficulties in dozens of spots throughout the world. We were due at least one revolution in another country yesterday. It didn't c o m e through bul Ihe intelligence reports had indicalcd it might." -- President Johnson, briefing congressional leaders last Tuesday. Forewarned is forearmed, says the old adage. And (he likelihood of more Communist - instigated outbreaks seems to us to make sense if we are correctly assessing the Communists' overall purpose. Thai purpose may be to tie down U.S. forces in many parts of Ibe world, try to spread them dangerously thin and thus to lessen pressures 011 the Communists in Vietnam. Colombia, for instance, may be due for an immediate Red revolution. A bloody insurrection has raged off and on for several years in the Colombian mountains. The next slcp may be for the Comniu- nisls to move in on the cities -- the reverse of the pattern in the Dominican Republic. Guatemala may also be hit. Also Venezuela. In North Africa, the tender spots are Libya and Tunisia.And watch out in South Korea. Such new conflicts, it they come, will be applications of a "war of liberation" technique, in which highly trained Red leaders seek to turn (lie citizens of a nation against their own government hy sub- version and terror. Indeed the technique is so well - developed in theory that its authorities now are publishing books available lo apt students in several nations including our own. If this is to be Ihe way l.he wind blows, the United States might as well be pro- pared to adopt a realistic view. And that means prospects for substantial help from this country's allies are not good. Some lack the manpower. Some lack the will. Wars and rumors of war -"liberation" style -- are going lo dictate an American program thai must remain fluid. II means also that we, as U.S. citizens, must under stand thai fad and be prepared to give those who must devise a program and defenses full empathy. Dear Abby.... Better To Write A Letter By Abigail Von Burcn DEAR AliBY: I am not a proiessional business woman, bul I have to telephone a lol of businessmen as I do volunteer work for several worthy causes. I am fed up lo the leolh with the secretary who must know not only your name, but whal you want to speak to her precious boss about. I don't blame her for asking who is calling, but I don'l think whal I want lo lalk lo her boss about is any of her business. Invariably I am told that the boss is "in conference," and please to write him a letter. If 1 had t i m e lo write letters I wouldn't be making telephone calls! Whal do you think of my telephoning the man at his home after office hours? I can't think of any other way lo get to these men who are so well-guarded by their secretaries. VOLUNTEER DEAR VOLUNTEER: I don't advise you to telephone a man at his home. It's presumptuous and an invasion of his privacy. In addition fo which, it's poor psychology, and your "good cause" might suffer if he resents the intrusion. Don'l blame the secretary who lays her boss is "in conference." She's only following his inslrucfions. Your best bet is a letter. x DEAR ABBY: Please tell Flo, the good cook who refuses lo give out her recipes, it's what her friends DON'T do lhat makes their results different front hers. As an example, take this recipe which I have used for 25 years and have given to innumerable guests: INFALLIBLE RICE (serves four hungry, or six polite people) 1 medium onion, minced 2 tablespoons butter 1 cup long grain, raw, while rirr 2 cups chicken broth, (hot). Saule onions until transparent. Add rice and hot broth. Bring to boil on top of range. Cover and place in 325Â° oven for 20 minutes. Serve and listen to the compliments. Simple rnough? Well, you ain't heard nuthin' yet. I have had people complain that theirs wasn't like mine. Upon questioning them, I learned why. Here are a few reasons. Â·\. Used inslan! rice, b. U.sed another shortening, not butter. c. Left oul the onions. d. Failed to cover Ihe rice in the oven. e. Stined the rice while on the range. f. Used water instead of broth. M. Allowed rice to "boil" for some lime before placing in oven, h. Let broth cool before using. i. Baked for 40 minutes, j. Liked onions, so added second onion. Now 1 ask you! Why can't .some people just follow directions? "RESIGNED" DEAR RESIGNED: For some people, directions are something they read cÂ«r*fulty to find out whaf they did wrong. DEAR ABBY: I have a very good friend who sews very well. It's her hobby, but it lias also become my problem. She admires my "taste" in clothes, so every time I get a new dress or suit, she copies it. We go to a lot of the same places, and it looks ridiculous for us lo be dressed like "twins"--especially since I am a size 10 and .she is a size 18! It's partly my fault because when she a.sks me if I mind letting her have something of mine for a feiv days so she can match the material and then copy it, I don't have the nerve to say no. How can I get her to quit copying my clothes without hurting her feelings and losing her friendship- 1 My husband says that "imitation is the sincorest form of flattery," but I can't see it that way. I am sick of being a "Iwin" to Ihis copycat. COPIED DEAR COPIED: Tell your unimÂ«(]inÂ«HvÂ« (riend that since she apparently tikes yaur taste in clothes, you'd bt happy to go -.'iep- ping with her for either clamei or patterns. Then tell her in * gentle Â«nd friendly way tttat you think each af yau should milnUIn your own individuality. If you have a problem, write to Abigail Van Buren in care of this paper. She will be glad lo answer ymir letter. For a personal reply, please enclose a stamped self - addressed envelope. Victor RIESEL 'GO AHEAD AND OPERATE, DOC for How Long? Johnson Half And-Half So Far By JAMES MARLOW AP News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) - As President Johnson heads into the last half of 19C5 his record can also be split in h a l f : very successful at home; a lot of unfinished, dangling overseas business lhat leaves the world wondering. His popularity at home is high, the polls say. Overseas he has been criticized for his handling of foreign affairs, particularly in Viet Nam and Hie Dominican Republic. He hasn't shown yet the same masterful talent for foreign affairs that he has demonstrated repeatedly in domestic problems. His relations with Congress, business, labor, and civil rights groups have been excellent and tranquil. In getting Congress to do whal he wants he is well on the way to the best record since President Franklin D. Roosevelt's early days. He talks a lot, some times moralizing, some times in platitudes and some times in a way unmatched by any president, as in a recent speech expressing his compassion (a favorite word of his) for the Negro. The astonishing energy ht has shown in working at his job always has raised the inevitable question: How long can he keep it up? There is a broad mystification about what to expect in foreign policy where Johnson plays the cards very close. For example: In six months how much deeper might the United States be in the Vietnamese war? When he went to San Francisco last week to address the 2flth anniversary meeting of the United Nations he got a lukewarm reception although (he reason is not clear. Some of the restraint among the statesmen listening to him may have been intended lo express disapproval of his foreign actions; some may have been out of disappointment that he didn't come up with new ideas and programs. President John F. Kennedy, at his death but not in Ill's first few months as chief executive, had a far more shining image abroad than Johnson. But this was after he got off to a bad star! by backing the Cuban ref- ugees' disaslrous invasion of Cuba. Yet, Kennedy's policy basically was not much different from Johnson's -- except for the bombing of North Viet Nam. Johnson has been criticized for intervening in the Dominican revolt, a reminder to Latin Americans of the many times Ihis country intervened in their affairs before. They couldn't tell whether they were looking al the beginning of a similar era under Johnson. But Kennedy got an even worse reaction for the Cuban invasion. Kennedy had slowly been building up American forces in Viet Nam. It's useless to try to guess now what he would have done eventually if confronted with the situation Johnson faced: Growing conquest by the Viet Cong and steadily developing chaos in South Viet Nam which, without American help, would have collapsed long ago. There have been scattered, but comparatively few, critical voices against Johnson in Congress. Will this last?. T InthsTwm Cities and Lewis County 10 Years Ago July 1, 1955 Three Chehalis music students from the high school attended the Uvo - week Inland Empire Music camp heing held at Luth- erhaven on Lake Cour d'Alene, Idaho. A total of 101 students from Washington, Oregon and Idaho attended the camp, sponsored by Easter Washington College of Education. The Chehalis students were sponsored by partial scholarships from the Chehalis Music company and Di- wanic, Active Emblem clubs. Two Twin City stock car racers have a busy weekend mapped out. Bob Nowadnick, Chehalis, and Wendell Peterson, Cenlralia, are the drivers. On Sunday they will be racing the 100 - lap event al the Sea - Tac course, and then they will load up and head for Yakima where they have been invited to take part in the ;iO - lap Fourth of July race. 35 Years Ago July 1, 1940 Mrs. Noll Albers and daughter, Betty, and son, Bud, Mrs. Rose Grimm and Dr. and Mrs. D. 0. Nugent were in Seattle Sunday to atlend the wedding of John Bagley Lewis, son of Mr, and Mrs. Jack Lewis of Roslyn, and Miss Cora Oien. Mr. Lewis is a nephew of Mrs. Albers and Mrs. Grimm. Mr. and Mrs. Lehman M. Pro- ffitl, Mr. and Mrs. Ronald Ingraham and daughter, Maryln, and Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Sim- mons and son, John, all of Cen- lralia; Mr. and Mrs. Dean Proffitt and sons, Dean and Joe of Longview, and Mr. and Mrs. Joe Wilkins of Olympia returned to their homes Sunday after a week's vacation at Rockaway Beach in Oregon. Miss L. Mabel Lee and Mrs. Sabina Seggelke will leave Tuesday morning for an extended visit at Bell Island Hot Springs near Kelchikan, Alaska. 50 Years Ago July 1, 1915 Miss Mayme Cameron, Miss Beulah Pinneo, Miss Florence Agassiz, all of Seattle, who have been visiting in Centralia as guests of Miss Sarah Sears and Miss Wanda Knox are spending the remainder of the week in Chehalis as the guests of Miss Edith Coffman. Miss Lail Aike who has been the guest of Miss Veora Dickerson and Miss Veola Dickcrson has returned to her home in Seattle. Miss Rose Haag left Ihis noon for Pe Ell where she will visit with Miss Nellie Collins, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Yeomans. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Wells were hosts at a pleasant little gathering last evening at their home on East Main. After spending a few pleasant hours, dinner was served by the host and hostess. Those present were Mr. and Mrs. Southern, Miss Marie Snyder and Mr. Freeman Heater, of Snohomish. Hal Boyle's Column Catholic Nuns Treat Vietnamese Refugees QUI NHON, South Viet Nam (AP) -- They come on infirm feet. They come on pallets laid across shoulder poles borne by friends or relatives. They come in fishnet hammocks strung on the back of a small, three- wheeled ambulance. Each day al least a hundred young or old Vielnamcse poor come for Ircatment at the uutclinic of the Holy Family Hospital here. On its slaff of II Catholic sisters are five from America, the only ones in South Viet Nam. The two-floor, 44-bwl liospilal is built around a compound shaded by palm trees and abounding in colorful tropical flowers. It is a liaven of comfort and hope for thousands of miserable refugees who have (led into Ihe city lo escape Ihe Viet Cong. "This area always lias been a Viet Cong stronghold." said Hie mother superior, Sister Karen Gossman, 42, of Louisville, Ky. "In 1954 before many of them went North, they burned and looted the entire city." Sister Karen, a robusl, kindly woman with a sense of humor lhat beams through her specta- cles, founded Ihe hospital in 1%I. She worked as a nurse on a hospital ship in the Pacific during World War II before joining the order of Catholic medical missions sisters. The order has hospitals in 35 coni- Iries. Sislcr Karen told of her work as she walked through the clinic, pausing to pat a scrawny, fretful, hollow-eyed child, or cheer a worried mother. "Two of the sislers are doclors, and they see every pa- lienl," she said. "It is the suffering of the children that affects us most, although all the adults are victims of the war in one way or Ihe other. They have such a hopeless feeling. "In addition lo the everyday types of illness, there's been a lol of cholera, measles, plague and typhoid. In fad they are epidemic here, hut the government doesn't like to admit il." The sisters work from 7 to 10 years before getting home leave. Sister Karen spent eight years in Pakistan before coming here. An attempt is made to make Ihe hospital self-supporlini;. Those of the poor who can af- Labor Chiefs Alarmed At White House Briefs ford it pay five piasters -- about seven cents -- a visit to the clinic. Ward care is 10 piasters daily. But the hospital distributes free nearly $700 worlh of medicine each month. It is helped by Catholic relief agencies. Sister Karen said that neither she nor the other sisters worry about (heir fate if the enemy should seize the city, which lies on the central coastal lowlands between Saigon and Da Nang. "We've given our life to God, and He has brought us here," she said. "We feel that what happens (o us is His business not ours." And then, as if afraid she had spoken too seriously, Sister Karen smiled sweetly -- and made the worst pun I've heard in Viet N a m , "You know what we call this country?" she asked, chuckling. "We call it (he coup-coup country -- because it has so many political coups." The other American sisters at the hospital are Brenda Burke, Fort Lauderdale, Fla.; Virginia Saycrs. Toledo, Ohio; Rosalie Pollinzl, Dallas, Tex., and Shells Marie McGuinnia Troy, N.Y, WASHINGTON - Some 60 very grave men left the White House at 10:30 p.m. last Tuesday (June 22nd). They were labor and business leaders who had been invited to dine privately . with the President in the State banquet r o o m . They had not had much notice. Invitation had come by telephone the previous Thursday afternoon and Friday morning. These prominent men had come to discuss the nation's economy with the President and many of his Cabinet. But they also were briefed on the Viet Nam escalation by Defense Secretary McNamara. When he had finished, some of the labor leaders present believed a crisis in Southeast Asia was imminent. They interpreted Secy. McNamara's report as far grimmer than anything hey had yet heard or read in the public prints -- and they are mighty well - informed men. At least one of the labor men thought the Defense Secretary's briefing meant that the U.S. "soon" would have 250,000 Iroops in and around South Viet Nam. One uncommunicative labor chief muttered something that sounded like "We're losing there if I heard right," and then did a sphinx. Though many of the labor leaders in the state dining room had sharp disagreements with some of the government's leaders there, all the union chiefs pledged full support for the nation's foreign policies. George Meany, AFL-CIO president, in his hard and blunt fashion gave the backing of his movement's 13 million members. After the President gave the floor to his guests, many of whom had flown in from across the land, the National Maritime Union's hardy leader, Joe Curran, took the floor. There was silence. "Big Joe" is a waterfront militant from away back. He put it succinctly. This was, and is, important, because he is one of the few such militants left of the old CIO leadership. He urged strong action in South Viet Nam. Backing up President Johnson's dispatch of troops to take the fight to the Sylvia PORTER Communist forces, Mr. Oman warned that this was imperative. He struck the Leninist theme that the road to Paris and control of Europe, and therefore the world, was through Pei- ping. The NMU chief, a student nl Leninist tactics, asserted that the Communists' strategy was Leninist -- aimed at isolating America. Curran's thesis was to the effect that if this succeeded the U.S. could not survive Rarely has there been such unanimity amongst the labor leaders. Meany and Curran usually growl at each other. Their unity of foreign policy is symbolic of the new fraternal, ism permeating the labor movement. There is only one major dis- -senting voice among the nation's influential labor leaders. Odclly, that voice is the soft - spoken tone of Emit Mazey, who as secretary - treasurer of the United Atllo Workers is second in commands of that powerful union headed by Walter Reulher. Time and again, Mazey has attacked President Johnson. His strongest assault on U.S. foreign policy was made at a huge mass meeting on May 15 in Detroit. "I disagree completely and totally with President Johnson as to why we are in South Viet Nam," said Mazey. " . . . Johnson has said we are in South Viet Nam to preserve liberty and freedom, but there is no freedom, no liberty in South Viet N a m . . . " His have been the only blunl attacks in labor's upper echelons. At one point during Tuesday night's White House dinner, the President turned quizmaster. "Where is my friend, Walter?" asked the President, searching out the 10 labor leaders, among whom was the Steel, workers' new president, t. W. Abel, on one of his rare visits to the White House. The reference, of course, was to Reuther. The Dctroiter greeted the President. But he did not speak -- not on foreign or domestic issues. He was uncharacteristically silent. Not long afterwards the men who came to dinner and briefing went out into the balmy capital night -- far more disturbed than when they arrived. Medicare Insurance cial What shouM you do with your privaie heulfh insurance policy when ih" m to c " Medicare" hill ui/ivi hit; nhiiif.'i'i care for the elderlv. financed under So- 'Â·until btioiKo.s law? t'irrc ir ] Mr,( '.a buying i Hjfical insurance now? How will Medicare affeof y o u r c o m p a n y's group medical insurance plan or your torn____ _. p uiy's medical benefits' luv r Â· you avoid duplicating coverage -- and charges -- by Medicare and private insurance? These are typical of the questions now pouring into my office and deluging the Social Security Administration in Washington. They dramatize the enormous confusion among the nation's 19 million over-65 citizens affected by the legislation -- particularly the estimated 9 million who today own some private health insurance. To help clarify Ihe situation, I put your key questions to Robert M. Ball, U.S. commissioner of Social Security. Q.: Should you cancel your private health insurance? Ball: "NO. Neither Medicare's hospital insurance plan nor the voluntary plan for doctor bills, psychiatric care, home health services, etc., would go into effect for at least a year. Under the Senate version of the bill, the doctor insurance part wouldn't go into effect until Janaury 1967. When the hill becomes law, you should wait to see how your insurance company revises its health coverage. Obviously, no reputable comany is going to offer a policy duplicating Medicare. Q.: What if you're under 65? Ball: No one under 65 should cancel his private health insurance becuasc of Medicare. The law will not apply to the under; 55. Q.: Is there any point to buying private insurance now? Ball: As much point as Ihcrc ever was. You car buy health insurance for a period of a year, a quarter or even a month. Q.: What will happen to a company's employe insurance plan? Ball: Most companies will revise their plans to avoid duplicating Medicare. Some may decide to draw up entirely new employe insurance plans providing only "extra "coverage, above and beyong what Medicare offers. Q.: How can you avoid over- la ppiing coverage and paying exlra for the duplication? Ball: Between passage of the bill arxl Medicare's effective date, all reputable insurance companies will review and revise their policies, coverage and charges to dovetail with Medicare. The reputable companies will protect you. Moreover, the cosl of future private health policies providing "supplemental" cov- rage should be below that for full private health insurance po. licies today. Q.: What should you do now about health- insurance? Ball: ff you are nearing 65 or if you are over 65 and still haven't filed a claim for Social Security benefits because you are still working, contact your Sochi! Security office now about the procedure you should follow. The significant point is that you will be eligible for Medicare if you are f!5 or over, regardless of whether or not you arc working and no matter what the level of your earnings. If you are already receiving a Social Security paycheck, you will automatically receive full information and a Medicare identification caid in the months following passage of the bill and you will automatically become eligible for benefits. Q.: What about the supplementary, voluntary plan? Ball.: For the supplementary, plan under Medicare, a specific "enrollment period" will be announced when the bill becomes law.- Under the bill you would pay $3 a month for this coverage to be matched by federal funds. If you are 65 or over or will reach 65 this year and you want this extra coverage, you should enrolled during this period. TomBrrow: What Medicare will and won't cover. So They Say Giuseppe Vardf became a symbol of civil rights whc.n a high school graduating clas.s of 400 in Chicago marched out in protest against using Aida's triumphal march for their classday parade. They disliked. the piece for celebrating the victory of the Egyptians over Ethiopia. They demanded Sir Edward Elgar's "Pomp and Circum- tance" with no racial implications. Inanity of inanities!
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