BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. 63—NO. 20 BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS (72S15) SATURDAY, APRIL 6,1968 12 PACKS 10 CENTS RACIAL VIOLENCE TAKES NINETEEN LIVES By BRIAN SULLIVAN Associated Press Writer Racial violence spawned by the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. subsided at dawn today in most cities wracked by disturbances. In the nation's capital new looting was reported after a curfew was lifted. Nineteen persons have died in racial disorders since King was killed Thursday night, including .nine in Chicago, and five in Washington. Parts o£ both cities were heavily damaged by fire. Two youths died in Detroit and one in Tallahassee, Fla. ; Police in Washington had at least a dozen reports of looting within 90 minutes of the lifting Saturday morning of a dark-to- dawn curfew imposed by city officials. In Pittsburgh, roving bands of Negroes smashed windows and looted stores in several sections before police restored order. A white man driving to work was shot, but he was reported in satisfactory condition. Police said about 90 arrests were made during the night.. National Guard troops and police restored a measure of calm today in Chicago after a night of firebombing, shooting and looting. "The situation is under control, said Brig. Gen. Richard T. Dunn, emergency commander of the Guard. Chicago was hit by waves of fires, shootings and looting in a predominantly Negro West Side area Friday night and early today. Some , 3,000 National Guardsmen shuttled from one trouble spot to the next, At least 20 buildings were burned to the ground. Federal troops, ordered by President Johnson, guarded the White House and Capitol after aiding poljcs and National Guardsmen to bring a raging Negro outburst under control. Some 350 persons were injured, 2,000 arrested. Washington, Detroit and Memphis were under curfew. National Guardsmen were also backing up police in Detroit and the greater Boston area. A unit of 500 guardsmen moved into Pine Bluff, Ark., to keep peace after police and Negroes exchanged sporadic gunfire during the night. Guard troops operating from armored personnel carriers in Nashville flushed snipers from buildings en the eampus of Tennessee AM University. Tw» students were wounded, neither seriously. Five policemen and National Guardsmen were injured in an exchange of gunfire with snipers near the predominantly Negro North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro. Guard troops also were called to Raleigh and Durham. Some windows were smashed in midtown Manhattan as groups of Negro youths moved into the Times Square-theater district area of New York, but the Harlem and Bedford Stuyvesant Negro areas were relatively peaceful after sporadic violence the night before. Trouble also was reported in Philadelphia, Wichita, Kan., Oakland and Palo Alto, Calif., Denver, Hartford, Conn., Jefferson City, Mo., Albany, Freeport, and Buffalo, N.Y., Toledo, Ohio, South Bend, Ind., Trenton N.J. Portland Ore., Kalamazoo, Mich., Pine Bluff, Ark., Atlanta, Ga. The violence in Washingtoa and other major urban center! led the President to cancel nil plans for weekend conferences in Honolulu, on Vietnam war problems. Johnson said he will address the Congress Monday night. The President remained at hi» White House command post b» yond midnight. The incendiary fires in Was!* ington were reported under co» trol by 11 p.m. One of the deaths in the nation's capital was that of a 1* year-old boy. The circumstances were uncertain. One report said a policeman's gut went off accidentally as the officer tried to stop several youth* looting a store. A looter was shot and killed by police, a man was found with his throat cut, a man was killed when a wall collapsed and a man died after he was beaten and stabbed early Friday, Washington officials reported, but one of these was said to have been in a holdup and'unre- lated. Two Negro men were killed by snipers in Chicago. Another Negro man was shot and killed by police after officers said the man opened fire on them. A fourth man was found dead in a burned out grocery store. Two others were found shot to death, one in an alley, one behind a looted store. At least 20 buildings burned to the ground in Chicago, more See VIOLENCE on Page g CIVIC DUTY — Ron Churchwell of Troop 31 is raising and lowering the Founders Park flag each day as a community service project. Today, in accord- ance with a Presidential directive, he flew the flag at half mast as the nation marked the death of Martin'Luther King. (Courier News Photo) Pine Bluff Rioting Draws 500 Guardsmen il 6 By ED SHEARER Associated Press Writer PINE BLUFF, Ark. (AP) National guardsmen moved into Pine Bluff early today to keep the peace after sporadic gunfire broke out between Negroes and police, wounding three Negroes. Authorities took many Negroes — estimates ranged from 250 to between 300 and 500 -— into custody in the serach for snipers and others connected with the violence. Gov. Wintnrop Rockefeller ordered the 500 national guardsmen into the city after ths shooting broke out late Friday night in a Negro area off Main Street. The gunfire followed about six firebombings in the western part of the city. One fire destroyed or heavily damaged 20 units of a Holiday Inn motel. to 300 Negroes attending a dance on the third floor. He said sporadic shooting lasted for about an hour. He said gunfire came from several buildings in the area. The shooting ended when he and four other troopers rushed the building containing the 250 to 300 Negroes, Donham said. Donham said officers had warned the Negroes to come out. "We withheld our fire and told them we would not harm them if they put down' their weapons and came out," he said. "They cursed us and started shooting again and we returned their fire. We found several weapons inside the building." . A spokesman for the Pine Bluff police described ths shoot- Search Widens For Murderer 000 by Irving J. Lubotsky, the Innkeeper State Police Director Ralph Scott said one of the three wounded Negroes was hurt "quite seriously" by police fire. ,Scott said the other two who were wounded also were shot by officers. Guardsmen from Pine Bluff, Sheridan and Malvern patrolled city streets early today and manned barricades that police had erected to seal off about a five-square block area where the shooting was confined. Tht city was quiet this morning. , Capt. Gene Donham of the State Police said the shooting •t&rted when two persons opened fire on a police car fctn • taUdioj tecupitd ty JW ! By BILL JOHNSON Associated Press Writer MEMPHIS, Tenn. (AP) - A neat, clean man with a long, sharp nose—the type of man who seems out of place in a flophouse — was the object of a widening search today as the assassin,of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Both-U.S. Ally. Gen. Ramsay Clark and Frank Holloman, city police director, said they were optimistic of a break soon. But no arrests were announced and police declined to reveal details of their investigation. King, the chief exponent of nonviolence in the civil rights struggle, was slain by a single bullet Thursday night M he leaned over the second-floor balcony of a motel, talking with •idat oa tht ground. He had come back to Memphis to lead a mass march in support of striking garbage workers, and he was killed just one week after another march he led flared into brief window breaking and looting in the downtown area. As his body was borne back to Atlanta Friday by his widow in a chartered plane, union leaders and civil rights workers throughout the country continued planning for the Monday inarch, Spokesmen said they anticipated that as many as 40,000 persons from 11 states would take part, following guidelines laid down by a federal judge. King had termed the strike by the Memphis garbage men, 98 per cent of them Negroes, ai let KING *• P«lt I ing as "a pretty good little gunbattle." The violence erupted near Third and State Streets about > two blocks from city hall and police headquarters, which were included in the barricaded region. Donham said gunfire spurted at different intervals from different buildings in the immediate location of Third and State. He said some shots came from the third floor of the J&B Building, which houses the dance hall, and some came from a doorway on the street level at the side of the building. He also said there was gunfire from the rear of the building. He hesitated to guess how many persons were shooting at officers. Donham said several persons ran from the scene. He estimated that 15 to 20 city, state and Jefferson County officers took part in the gunfight. Scott had said 20 State Police units were rushed to the area after the violence broke out. Col. William Miller, assistant State Police director, was dispatched here to head State Police operations. Miller had been at West Memphis, where State Police and 175 guardsmen were put on alert after the slaying of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in Memphis. Rockefeller, who stayed in contact with State Police officials through the night, ordered the guardsmen into the city at the request of Mayor Austin Franks, according to Bill Con- S*e RIOT M Page ) ROY ASHABRANNER of Manila announced today that he will be a candidate for the legislative position held by Walter Day of Blytheville. Ashabranner, a Democrat, said he expects to file about mid-week. Ashabranner was superintendent of Manila schools for 15 years prior to resigning last year. He now is in the real estate development business. A SHOOTING OCCURRED yesterday at 1:50 p.m. involving a Blytheville woman, Grace Newton, of 113 Pecan Street, police said today. The woman suffered two gunshot wounds in the abdomen and said she was shot by an unidentified intruder (who was white) in her home, Police Chief George Ford said. She was taken to Cbickasawba Hospital. She is not believed to be seriously injured. PARENTS, WHOLE CHILDREN will reach their sixth birthday on or before October 1st and who will be entering Blytheville's schools as first graders will participate in the annual pre-school roundup, April 10, according to Mrs. Julia Penn, director of elementary instruction. Parents may take their children to the school of their choice from 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., she said. Parents are urged to bring their child's birth certificate if at all possible. Other requirements are: Proof of tuberculosis skin test, polio immunization begun prior to Sept. 1, .proof of successful smallpox vaccination and immunization against diptheria, tetanus and red measles. • BLYTHEVILLE HIGH SCHOOL officials announced today that two students, Teresa Manlz and Mark Day, were winners in'the competition yesterday at Journalism Day activities at Arkansas State University. Miss Mantz placed first in editorial writing and Day was a third place winner in sports' writing. Hit Blythevill* school paper, The Arrow, won honorable mention in tht printed paper category, school City Housing Plan Okayed Repayment of a $465,900 loan to be used to construct a 50- unit rent supplement project in Blytheville, has been insured by the Federal Housing Authority, (FHA) it was announced yesterday. Elbert S. Johnson, a Blytheville attorney who is president of the limited dividend corporation known as Ruddle Heights, Inc., said the corporation has arranged for the 40-year loan at six percent interest from Prudential Insurance Company. Other incorporators, in addition to Johnson, are James D. Gallagher, Richard J. Hackmeyer, and Joseph A. Lott of Clayton, Mo., Phillip Najjar of Atlanta, Ralph Najjar of St. Louis, Urban Programming Corporation of St. Louis and Phillips Construction Company of Osceola. The Osceola company will begin construction on the project this week at a location encompassing 5.2 acres at the northwest corner of South Ruddle Road and the Clear Lake Road. Six two - story buildings consisting of 25 two - bedroom apartments and 25 three-bedroom apartments will be constructed and will be rented for $120 and $140 a month, including utilities, officials said. In a rent supplement project of this type, low income families who are eligible, pay.- -25 percent of their monthly income as rent and the balance is paid by the federal government. The income limits for families in Blytheville in order to qualify for the program, must range between $2,900 for one individual or two persons and progressing upward to ?3,600 for a family of seven. Additional qualifications, which are set up by FHA require that a person must either be presently living in s'u'o- standard housing, or that either .he or his wife be 62 years old or older, or that either he or his wife is physically handicapped, or, finally, that an individual has been displaced from his home by'government action such as urban renewal or highway construction. Rent supplement projects, however, are not limited to low income families, because th'a owners of the apartment buildings may rent to those who are able to pay full rent and FHA, which administrates the program, said that there is no stipulation requiring the owners to rent to a certain percentage of people in either category. Relief Column In Khe Sand By LEWIS M. SIMONS Associated Press Writer KHE SANK, Vietnam (AP) — Relief forces landed in Khe Sanh today and some of the allied outpost's defenders already were pushing outward to join the offensive against North Vietnamese troops who besieged them for 76 days. The enemy siege was officially declared broken Friday after a 20,000-man allied relief column moved within a mile of the base and began fanning out around it. But the first linkup of relief forces with , the 6,400-man Khe Sanh garrison—mostly U.S. Marines—came today when helicopters lifted a company of South Vietnamese paratroopers into the base. Just before the paratroopers landed, the 400 South Vietnamese rangers who have been holding the Khe Sanh base's southern perimeter charged out and seized enemy trenchlines extending as far as 200 yards from the perimeter. They met no resistance. In one trench, the rangers reported finding the bodies of three North Vietnamese soldiers, all well equipped. They apparently were hit when U.S. artillery and air strikes pounded the trenches. Earlier, about 1,000 U.S. Marines had moved nearly two miles southwest of the base in an effort to root out North Vietnamese troops lurking in the hills near the Laotion border. South Vietnamese troops were expected to take over defense of most of the two-square-mile fortress, opening the way to withdraw some of the Marines or send them out on additional offensive thrusts. U.S. commanders once expected one of the biggest battles of the war to develop at Khe Sanh, and estimated that 20,000 enemy troops surrounded the base. But the latest estimate was that only 7,000 enemy soldiers remained and the rest had withdrawn into the mountains toward Laos under massive U.S. air attacks. The relief force set out Monday on Operation Pegasus, and parts of it swept the mountains east, south and west of Kht Sanh today. But the biggest push involved, a Marine column of tanks, artillery and tngineeri reopening Highway 9, the only overland supply route to the base. The column was reported three miles east of Khe Sanh on its westward push. Highway 9 has been closed since August, partly by enemy action and partly by monsoon weather. A U.S. general said reopening it "will give us a good solid base for offensive operations in the Khe Sanh area. Wa won't have to depend on air as we were all last winter." The general added, "From here on in, it'» mainly a one- sided affair." U.S. air cavalrymen supported by armed helicopters reported killing 50 North Vietnamese late Friday near the town of Khe Sanh, two miles south of the Marine Base. The enemy seized the town last January and turned it into a regimental headquarters. -"•"." Earlier, cavalrymen fought an estimated 150 enemy troops four miles east of the town. Nine enemy and one American were reported killed. • ;•' South Vietnamese headquarters reported today that Viet Cong gunners continued scattered shellings, causing only .light casualties. Three allied airfields and three government military posts were hit .with mortars and rockets Friday night and today, after 11 allied installations had been hit in the previous 24-hour period. , Suspecting a North Vietnamese troop building up in the central highlands, the U.S. Command sent B52 bombers on five missions Friday night and today against suspected enemy positions northwest of Kontum City. Elsewhere in the highlands, enemy ground fire brought down an Air Force FIDO Super- sabre 28 miles east of Pleiku City. The plane exploded .when it hit the ground and the .[pilot ' was killed, U.S. headquarters See VIETNAM on Page, 2. Weather Forecast Increasing cloudiness tonight with a chance of showers West portion. Mostly cloudy Sunday with scattered showers arid thundershoweri over most "of the state. A little wanner through Sunday. Low tonight 44-56.
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