Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on May 3, 1972 · Page 51
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 51

Greeley, Colorado
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 3, 1972
Page 51
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52 GRKELI5Y (Colo.) T R I B U N E "Wed., Mny 3, 1972 Okinawans Prepare for Return to Japan N A I I A , Okinawa (A!') When (he big change comes to Okinawa, Mny 15, Yukioki Ike- miyagi will throw a farewell parly for his 170 employes, close down his cigarette factory--and maybe quit smoking. Roger Conn, an American car salesman from E l k h a r t , Tex., will he pleased at Ihe loss of some red tape a f f e c t i n g his business. LI. Gen. James B. Lamport will lose his job as last in a line of U.S. generals who have run Ihe Japanese prefecture or slate of Okinawa and its giant complex of U.S. m i l i t a r y bases since the end of World War II. Mosl of the bases will stay, however. Many Okinawans will join fireworks and folk dancing fcs- livilies May 15 to mark tlio end of 27 years' military occupation. Many will demonstrate in protest over Ihe terms of their return to Japanese rule. Others will stay home and worry quietly, mostly about money. Pay telephones using nickels wilt disappear and phones taking Ihe Japanese 10-yeti--3.3 cents--coin will replace them. Speed limit signs will be in kilometers instead of miles. Okinawa's people will change their dollars for yen under conditions that could cut Ihe value of .their money holdings by up to 17 per cent. This is a result of yen revaluation last December. But special Japanese government measures will help many Okinawans avoid major losses. The over-all mood is worry and uncertainly. "This is a liny place with one million population, but it contains many serious and touchy problems," says Jiro Takase, t-h e Japanese ambassador serving on a U.S.-Japan commission which for nearly three years has prepared for reversion. "Patience is one of the most important virtues needed, and sympathy too." One- American official says he is confident "nobody will be greatly disappointed or hurt" by reversion. Commenting on the uncertainties, he adds: "No amount of explaining is as good as two or three months living under the new system." While for the time being business generally will go on as usual, with some different lax and import-export rules, Ikemc- yagi knows exactly what reversion will bring--the end of his business, the Okinawa Tobacco Co. In ing smoking to cancer had no e f f e c t among Oklnawan smokers. Hut when he no longer has an interest in the tobacco business, "I invself." stop He sums u p the feelings of many Okinawans toward reversion: "Mostly people worry about what will happen. "Nobody k n o w s . . . What will happen (wo or three years after reversion? But he favors Okinawa's return "special consideration where necessary." Edward 11. Reeves, executive director of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce in Okinawa, says the lellcr is "salisfadory in ils generalities but leaves a lot of room for interpretation." The usual estimate is lhal there are ilflll U.S. individual entrepreneurs or f i r m s on Okinawa. The Chamber hiis 110 members. W i t h i n one year, a liusiness- lo Japanese rule, ainlj m a n H c(s.'half (he Amevi- I h i n k s most Okinawans do, too. | cnn uusinesses l i l l i v bo ,,,,,,,,. I'll has been a long lime sincej T , |tlsc ,,,.,, s ,., y w i l i- 5 l l r v i v C i llc ,,,,"'"''· , . , . adds, and Mav 15 "is nol going what unliappiness (here is!i n i. n ,iiuimcri'iv " III. II. . T T r* _ J. . - ! . . _ ! - _ J , - ' I U UL " UWIIOUcn · Lampcrl's outgoing administration lias been in the process of casing oul for some time, llc became high commissioner in January 19G9. Ten months later with Ihe U.S. ndministratio concerns the fact thai the Okina- wnns could not vote the U.S. military rulers oul of olfice, could not try military-connected Americans for crimes against Okinawans, and found (heir economy and living conditions subject lo dominance by U.S. mililary bases. Some Americans also have shown a condescending attitude at times. "It is like they arc Ihe landlords and we are the tenants," said one Okinawan. Many express gratitude for what Ihe Americans have done lo improve education, welfare and the economy. U.S. aid to Okinawa in the last quarter- century exceeds S280 million, Conn, the car salesman, expects business to be easier with only Japanese regulations to worry about. He now contends with Okinawan government, U.S. civil administration and U.S. mililary regulations, and he says they do not always agree. But (here is uncerlanty, meanwhile, over exactly bow the Japanese will apply their rules la foreign businessmen on Okinawa. Recently Conn's business has been booming. Facing higher road taxes and insurance costs under Japanese rule and with (heir dollars decreasing in yal- ue, many Okinawans hurried to spend those dollars on cars, houses and some other items. U.S. Civil administrator Roberl A. Fearey, top civilian in lamper's government on Okinawa, says foreign businessmen were encouraged by the U.S. government to enter Okinawa and "have contributed greatly to Okinawa's economic Japan, all tobacco business comes under the Japan Monopoly Corp. It is buying the three existing tobacco firms in Okinawa and r e t a i n i n g 225 of their 619 employes to keep production of local cigarettes going at one factory. Ikemiyagi says the corporation is paying a fair price, but he is afraid it will be diff- cult for lad-off employes to find new jobs soon. Okinawans smoke about 1.4 billion cigarettes a year, Ikemi- yagi says, and his factory alone could turn out that many. That will bring layoffs. Okinawa's tobacco farmers are not likely to suffer. The corporation will continue to buy 881 tons of Okinawan tobacco leaves a year that make up half the tobacco used in Okina- wan cigarettes. If it finds Okinawan tobacco good it may start using some of Japan's main islands. Ikemiyagi says reports link- evelopment." In connection with the U.S.- apan reversion agreement, a ormer Japanese foreign minis- er, Kiichi Aichi, wrote a letter Mi'milling foreign businesfmen n Okinawa to continue oper- Stamps In the News Many nations are issuing stamps to hail the World Hear Campaign. The three lates issuances are from Austria, Belgium and Canada. Belgium's stamp depicts a world globe with a heart super imposed on it and lines of a cardiograph. T h e Auslriai adhesive shows a heart palien in a hospital bed with a;, machine recording his h o a r l i beats at his side. The C a n a d i a n ! 9 center bears the figure of a | human heart in keeping w i t h i the theme "Your llcarl Is Your I Health." | the United Stairs and Japan announced Okinawa would ret u r n to Japanese rule In 1972. In recent years the Americans have let an elected O k m a w n n Okinawnns Inlo sccond-dnss citizens: No other nrcn of Jn- piui is so dominated by bases. Another aspect Is that about one-third of Okinawnn income government handle most gov- comes dircclly or indirectly from the U.S. presence. Okinu- evnment business. On reversion day, Ihe elected chief executive, Chobyo Yara, ami the 32- mcmber legislature become a provisional prefectural government. New elections nre lo be hcll wilhln 50 days. Some residents fear their prefecture may be treated as a second- wnns arc luoking to Japan for measures to make Okinawa's economy less dependent oii Ihe bases. An American official expects reversion day hi bo relatively quid, w i t h "no euphoria and no anger." llc says the changes in class urea--if nol now, when money, (axes, jobs and laws world a t t e n t i o n is focused o n j w i l l Imve bulli critics and sup- revorsion, then three or four-portres. years later. A worry persists among Organizations opposed lo the Okinawans [lint Ihe change is .·csciice of the U.S. mililnry coming loo early. The reversion present bases argue t h a t by agreeing lo let the bases stay the Japanese government already has made lenders reply (he same problems would occur m a t t e r Marriage Declines, Illegitimacy Increases in Liberated Sweden lions after reversion ·IKl-i with I ASSEMBLY L I N E - Workers in one of the three existing lobacco firms in Okinawa work on an assembly line producing cigarettes. In Japan, all tobacco business comes under Ihe Japan Monopoly Corp. (JMC), which is buying (he three firms after the island is returned lo the Japanese on May 15. (AP Wirepholo) by E D W I N A. S H A N K E Associated Press WrIUr STOCKHOLM (AP) - W i t h many young Swedes shunning innrringe, nearly a f i f t h of Sweden's babies aro a r r i v i n g oul of wedlock. r\ "unique" decline In Swedish marriages is pinpointed by Id-land llofstcn, head of the stale statistical bureau. ISolh- ing like it is happening elsewhere in Europe, lie says. I'Yom a high point of 61,101 mnrringes in 19GG,. (he number tumbled lo ;iD,000 last year--a 35 |cr cent nosedive within five years and the lowest figures in m o r e than a century, going back lo the lime of mass Swedish emigration lo the United Slates. llofstcn says the decrease in weddings is mosl pronounced and significant al the ages when marriage normally is most usual--23-24 for women and 25-21) for men. Illegitimacy rose from 10 per cent of all births in 1%0 to 18 per cent in 1970, a record figure. Why the decline in mar- iages? What is happening to the old Swedish mores as per- niisfivcness among Ihe young and in manynolher directions advances? For lack of clearcul answers a lol of theories are put about. 'No Need for Marriage' In general, more and more couples are deciding simply to live logelher. "Our love is so slrong there's no need for a ring or a marriage certificate," says one couple. "It's nol necessary to marry iin order to be happy together," I says another. "It is clear," said Hofslen, 'lhat both the drop in the number of marriages and the increase in Ihe number of children born out of wedlock above all result from (he fact that it has become common among the youth lo move together aitd raise a family without entering marriage for thai purpose." Hofslen opined lhat (he change in social customs "could more easily win ground in Sweden because free associations and illegitimate children have always been accepted in a manner which isn't usual in 3ther countries." Disturbing lugrid Sundberg, a moderate party member of parliament active in family affairs, found the development disturbing. "Children need security," she observed. Hofslen .saw Ihu fncl (hut women's economic liberation ins advanced (miner in Sweden than many other countries as nn clement In tlio pattern. Hcgnrdlcss of whether they are being heated equally In matters of pay and working :ondtlions, said Ilosflcn, "all young women now accept ns a mailer of course Unit they will ae earning wages through, a great part tif their lives. The woman's greater economic independence without doubt contributes to Ihe (net lhal she finds traditional marriage repugnant and consequently also opposes a marriage." Weakening Belief A gradual weakening in Christian belief and religious devotion is being cited among church leaders. "Another factor is secularization, which hasn't gone ns far anywhere as in Sweden," com- menled Derndt Gustiifsson, di rector for the slate church's central council. "Marriage is a sacred institution. Perhaps (hero isn't room for anything holy loday. "When sexual life begins lo 30 cut free, the position of mar- riage Is undermined. Hut 1 reckon Hint il still will lie around In Hie yi'«r 2001-pcr- haps in a more flexible form with mare Individuals Involved in n nuirrlngc. There will be vice-housewives uud vice-husbands, but I assume Ihe iluirches "I'tn'l likely I" neccpl thnl." A stale commission lias been working almost three years on iroposals lo change family nws--possibly by milking marriage simply ii form of registration and by easing divorce. Now cvcdy third marriage breaks up w i t h i n 10 years. Divorces rose from 8,958 in 19f0 to 12,238 in I91JD. The most common grounds are adultery, alcoholism, a criminal conviction ami mental disease. Ove Rnincr, secretary o( slate in the Ministry of Justice, has said it's unreasonable for an outsider lo determine who is lo bhinie when a marriage cracks up. The present divorce law wcnl. inlo effecl in 1021.."Society has changed in llic last 50 years," :omniented naimer. "Women today have their own income lo a very wide degree." Mike Jackson: First Idol For Black Teeny Boppers HOLLYWOOD (AP) - "Dear Michael, how you are you?" asked the Idler on school note-: hook paper from Baton Kouge. "Pine, I hope. 1 love you for all seasons." Another letter at random from a bulging mail sack was from Philadelphia "lo the one I love." From Langhornc, Pa.: "I love you as much as I hope album of his own, "Got To Be There," had advance orders for 350,000 copies. Two singles from if, (he title song and " f f o c k i n ' Robin," have sold nearly (our million copies. The album's songs include "Girl, Don't Take. Your Love I'Yom Me" and "Maria, You Were The Only One." Does Michael have a girl friend? ' QU love " 1! -" "No," he grins, "loo young." The object of Ihis schoolgirl] Th e Jackson rive include adoration is 13-year-old Michael Jackie, 20; Tito, 17; Jermainc, IB, Marlon, 14 and Michael. . . Hack home in Gary, Ind., their singing idol for black teeny father, Joe Jackson, was a Joe Jackson, described by his recording company as tire f i r s t boppers. Most other rock stars from Ihe Benlles lo David Cassidy, spokesmen point out, have all been while. . How does sucli prominence make Michael feel? "Good." He describes his singing voice as "kinda loud.-" Pawing fans? "I like if." Michael, baby-faced, A feel 11 and 80 pounds, is lead singer of I the Jackson Five brothers jwhose 17 million singles in two years have made them Motowi: steel mill crane operator and off-hours guitarist and song- wriler. Their mother, Kalherine, sang country Western. Diana Ross saw Ihe brothers norfo'rm at a talent show in Gary, lold (hem their act was great and took them to Motown Records. The family, including three sisters and lives now in .sprawling home on IH'i landscaped acres in Ihe San Fcr- anolher brother, a magnificent, Records' hottest-selling group.Inando Valley suburb of Rncino. They've had three two-million-' All of Ihe brothers do selling albums. Michael's recently '.chores--leaf-raking, dish-wash- releasediing and making their own beds. BOTH lovable, inflatable characters are only ^IQQ plus 2 end-panels from Butternut Bread. First day cover collectors will j be interested in "Kirst Days" magazine published by the American First Day Cover Society. The latest edition features a story how one man obtained covers cancelled in each of the 50 slate capilols. Also good reading are articles on Japanese covers, Washington Biccentennials and the original Hammarskjold invert covers. Did you know that . . . in 1899 the U.S. Post Office lowered rate on mail for blind persons, and in 10!2 granled! franking privileges for all m a i l j for the blind. This includes; braille books, too . . . t h e ; design of the 8 cent embossed j envelope saluling Transpo 72 is an adaptation of Hie logotype of Ihe exposition which is the first over devoted lo the total subject of transportation. Just blow up Snoopy and Charlie Brown and they're ready lo go. You can take them lo the beach. Make up games with them. Or even put onashowwilhthem. You never have to worry about their falling apart. They are both made of super-tough vinyl to last a long time. They're lifteen inches tall, and their bright, bold colors won't wear off. But remember, this offer won't iast long. So start looking for full details now on special loaves of Butternut Bread. And send in the coupon. Fast! How to Order: Send check or money order for $1.CO for Chmlin nrov/n and Snoop/ fnflatablo toys, p!us ?. Riitlcrnul omf p.i.iols. No slainps. Pleaso ollov; 4 vcnk3 for delivery. Ollor cxpiics Doc. 31, 1072. Send your name, address and Zip CorJo lo Pnanuis, Dupt. 13, Post Ollrco 4, Conner Springs,'Kansas OGOI2. Cn/.- -Zip- intErstRiE Bmras corpnrfnitr

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