Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on March 12, 1976 · Page 24
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 24

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Nampa, Idaho
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Friday, March 12, 1976
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Page 24
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for Canyon County since [939 The Idaho Free Press The News-Tribune. Friday, March 12,1976- A-6 ' : 'TM*»»-'* : : : : : ^^ Many factors influence agricultural progress Bj Merit-Sanisun KMciisinn \gcnl CAI.DWiai. - Agriculture in l.'anyon County has progressed rapidly since Hie 1930 era. During lli.il lime a lota! or ·I'M farms harvested crops (mm 1.11.37:1 acres Present day figures show thai (he lolal number (if fiinris has declined to 2.195 liul the lolal number of acres in these farms is 313,221. This is S4 B per ceni of the lotal 1,-nul ami of (he county in farms. The average number of acres in (arms is 131).7 acrrs. Tolal dollar value of land and buildings of farms in Canyon County is SI83.ri92.7J I. Tin- progress of agriculture in Hit county can be altrihultd to many faclors Selection of new ami adapted crop varieties, improved management prac- lices. development of new and specialized equipment.' improved water uiili/alion. ef- ficient use of plant nulrienls, disease and insecl control practices, selective breeding and selection of desirable individuals in our livestock herds are just a few of the reasons for the tremendous rale of progress. University of Idaho Extension and Research programs have played a major role in this advancement. Canyon County has always bcrn a leading agriculture area However, present day statistics show the area to be the leading agriculture county in the stale of Idaho, providing one-tenth of the state's agricultural wealth. The county is the leading producer in the slate of sugar beets, vegetable seeds, dry onions, clover seed, alfalfa seed, sweet corn seed, beans -- lima and green, dairy production, and cattle and calves. In fact. Canyon County has the disiir.e- tion of being the world leader in production «l hybrid swirl corn seed. Since '.he 1939 era, many dedicated extension people have served Canyon County as county extension agents and extension home agents, Tlic extension agents serving over ihc years were: Buford Kuhns, Hay Peterson, Jay Piorsoit, Clarence UechtoU.J.O. English, J .P. Smith. Blair Geisler. .hrr-r E. Wheeler, Jerry Chapman, Stan Smith, J.V. Briggs, Bruce Brooks. Fred Kohl. Grant Hall. Halph Hert. BobThornlon, Hugh Homan, lllaine Linford, Max Gardner and Jesse Wilson. Extension home agents serving over the years were: Florence Slewarl. Ruth Holland. Isabelle Robertson. Wilma Thomas, Esther Hopkins, Delphine Walker. Virginia Rcynolclson. Emily Hainey. Elizabeth liellig and Lenora fields. These University of Idaho extension personnel played »n important role in the hislory of agriculture, home economics ami -HI youth work in Canyon County. The present day University of Idaho extension staff in Canyon County consists nf live county and area agcnls, two extension home economists, two full-time secretaries, and one half-time secretary. They, and their area of responsibilities are: Merle Samson, crops and office administration; John Henry. livestock programs; Darrell Bolz, -Hi youth and dairy programs; Craig liaird, area entomology specialist; Art Walz, area potato specialist; Beverly Montgomery, home economist for adult programs; and Daylenc Pctcrscn, home economist working also with 4-fl youth program. Secretaries serving the office are Helen Walkins and Wilma Taulliee, both fullliine; and Barbara Gibson, lialf-lime secretary. Since Ihc lime of the first conception of extension, Ihe emphasis of programs has been on agriculture prodiiclion. 4-H youth programs were primarily for farm lioys anil girls. Present day extension programs encompass many more areas than production alone. Consumer education, marketing, c o m m u n i t y r e s o u r c e development, civil defense, state and federal agriculture programs on farm safety, pesticide use and safely, water resource, pollution and solid wasle disposal are some of the areas involved in present day extension work. 4-11 youth programs have been expanded lo provide learning and personal development opporlunitics to all youth of the county. At the present time Ihe greatest percentage of enrollment in 4-H dull programs involves urban Committees direct livestock programs CALDWELl, - Livestock programs in Canyon County al the present lime are developed through Ihe direction of advisory committees. These committees consist of iiott-i! livestofkmcn that look toward ihc future in developing extension programs. Major program emphasis Ihe past year has developed in these area*: '!' farm management 1 2 - marketing 131 consumer education oti meat animals. M) performance records and carcass evaluation ' 5 ) developing Idaho Morse Council and trii developing a strong y o u t h livestock program through stale, dislrict and county activities. The farm management emphasis is on management by objectives. Management by objectives is essentially a system of incorporating into a more logical and effective pattern the Ihings managers are already doing. The primary effecls of management by objectives are seen in results such as iniporved profils. more growth, lower cosls, increased revenue, more self-satisfaction, better morale of employes, etc. Enterprise analysis budgets are being established on sheep, swine and beef operations. From these budgets producers can determine w a y s of. becoming more efficient in their operations. The emphasis in marketing is lied closely to that of farm management. The University of Idaho Extension Service is assisting livestock producers in developing new marketing alternatives and then encouraging producers to produce high-quality animals for Dial market. The ability to organize, gel results, and adapt lo rapidly changing circumstances is the primary criterion for management success in the future. Consumer education has been an area of interest of all livestock producers. Canyrtn County producers see the need for lelling consumers what is behind ihc meal they eal. Consumer education seminars ami display lioolhs ,-it the Western Idaho Fair have had emphasis on meal and dairy products through prodiiclion. processing, retailing and utilization. Uvcslock production has changed very rapidly in the pnsl few years. There is "a tremendous need for livestock producers In measure Ihe growth performance of livestock. Programs of production, performance and progeny testing are available for beef producers. On-the-farm swine and sheep tesling programs are also available. Carcass evaluation contests and meetings are being conducted by the Southwestern Idaho Swine Producers al their annual sale and al Ihe Western Idaho Fair at Boise. Wool Growers are conducting an annual carcass con lest. A new horse organization, the Idaho Morse Council, was formed this past year. The purpose of the Idaho Horse Council as staled in their by-laws is lo promote the interests of Ihe entire equine industry of Idaho, lo acl as liaison among various horse groups, lo disseminate information, act a£ official voice of Ihe stale equine industry, and as an advisory body lo the University of Idaho College of Agriculture and the Idaho Department of Agriculture regarding the horse industry and related horse activilies^nr programs. Horsemen in Ihe Treasure Valley area arc becoming involved in developing dir and Through the years county extension workers have been involved with 4-H programs, such as the livestock show which in 1944 had entries by from left Chester Eggers, Dick Martin and Donald Tiegs. ove n e v e o p n g an irecting Ihc new Idaho Horse ouncil. Through stale, district and county advisory committees strong youth livestock programs air being conducted. Modern livestock lechnology is being developed in the youth programs. For example this past January Ihe Southwestern Idaho Swine Associations members conducted training sessions for 4-H. and FFA members and leaders. Schools, clinics, meetings held Agents aid county potato growers IS Art Hal/ Kitcnsiwi I'citatu Specialist l-"duo;Uio!i,il Utilities The seventh annual Southwestern Idaho Potato School was helii al Ihe College of Idaho Campus it: C'aliiwi-ll Jan :t:i-3l. 197S The pri'tiraui was planned and arranged by the I'otain A d - visory Committee u I'.ich :s I'orn- poseiiol the I'mversi'y of Idaho Cooperaluc Kxlensuin Service. .I'nMiii Growers nf Idaho. ;llis:nci 7. i'oiato Processors ·and Idaho A g r i c u l t u r a l .Chemical Industry representatives 'I'lit- sdi-wil i!el! uas nj- sponsored hi tl:e I'mversiii nf Idaho Cr:ij)t-r;itive F.xlens'.ou iStrvice. Ihc District 7 Potato .(Jroweis nf Idaho and iln- hhho I'lilalo Ciim;nision Tim polalo placli'i sch.iols Iwrre iicld prior NJ polato cit tiii 1 leadini pick ar.d cup lo!a!o pl.mU'is were uii b.ir,H to help p:ilal'i iirouers solie their ir.iliin!u,il problems. A peiligalnir. clinic was held 'in .liiiy on '.he Alien Wood farm. (irn\u-rs y ere informed on xthal |a .-prmkU-r irrigation sislem ·could and could :ml do Wood !demonslraled how t o appli |a (ipni ed a g r i c u l t u r a l ·chemicals llirough his system. ,' l-'ieldrnan 'iH-e!it:gs were held Icvery Iwo necks. These { m e e t i n g s m;re sponsored 'cooperatively by the University !of Idaho and the Oregon State I L ' n i v e r s i t y C o o p e r a t i v e j Extension Services. Pertinent · information was presenled al Icach meeting. Kescarch {workers from Ihe two univer- ;silies as well as industry were lused on Ihe program. Current ,'problems were discussed al Jeat-h meeting, with about 50 'people atlendirg each lime. l''arin uml Home \'isisls Maiiy f.irtn a/id home visits Mere made throughout the polato growing season. Growers requests were taken care of and started to come in with Ihe arriialnfscod potatoes, and (his icar requests have continued through Ihe storage season. Mosi of tile problems centered around: 1 1 secri potato size and quality. 2 ' irrigation needs and practices. :ii problems with soil. ·!' ferlili/er needs and soil lesls, 5i insect surveys and late season aphl'd buildup, li) disease problems, mainly seed piece decay and early blight. 7i harvest problems, mainly water rot. Si storage problems and some storage rot. mainly "leak." S) storage management -- mosl growers stored their own potatoes for the first lime in 1075. I'utliiiK Hi-search lo H'nrk to S;uc Dollars Average yield in 1975 was good, but yields ranged from under 2H»civt per acre (o lain cu t per acre. The. high yields are attained by the same growers yearafter year. We are trying lo learn the causes so we can increase yields and reduce per unil costs. We are also inilaling a regional potato variety (rial to eialuate the new potato lines being developed across the country and in foreign lands. We need to look for now potato lines Mr. and Mrs. Roy Hansen harvest their first crop of beans that yielded 40 bushels per acre the first year out of brush in the 1940s. County agents have served as a reservoir of advice for area farmers for nearly 70 years. to replace Ihc present Idaho potato. We are looking for high yielding varieties as well as potatoes wilh high specific g r a v i t y and outstanding processing qualities. We are also evaluating new potato lines dial will be of use for the home gardner. I'l.uis for l«7i; Some of our yield and quality problems are due to Ihe way some soil types lake water. Some of our soils never do wel up In the center during (he irrigation season. Also some of the soils do nol permit normal rool penetration. We need to look at these problems. To compete with other pot.iln production areas, w e need lo reduce our unit cost of production on potatoes. Ways and means of accomplishing this will In- investigated in Ihe coming season. Studies will continue on Ihe use of syslcrnic insecticides and their use on polaloes. In some areas we are running inlo insecl tolerance or resistance In commonly used insecticides and we want lo be ready lo substitute new agricultural chemicals lo cumhiil the insect problems when they arise. Washing!on has reported a potato disease that is very serious and is not known lo occur in Idaho. We will be on the lookout for this disease and do what is needed to keep the disease oul of (he Idaho potato growing areas. Our investigations in the past on Hie use of minor plant nutrients showed in Ihe main dial there was no need for these chemicals on Idaho soils. We will again evalualc minor milrient chemicals l« seo if Ihe need or lack nf need has changed. boys and girls. Home grounds care, landscaping and home garden production have become an important part of extension programs. In fad, extension educational programs and services are provided (o all residents of the counly. Areas oj emphasis in crop production have beer, and will continue to be selection of new and improved crop varieties, cultural practices of new and established varieties, efficient w a t e r 'utilization, soil management, proper harvest and storage practices, and (he ultimate 'marketing of these products. New crops have been introduced and evaluated for production in the area. Some examples of Ihese crops are wine grapes, Iriticales, comfrey. new varieties of whenl. oats, barley and corn, and evaluation of new alfalfa varieties. Some of these new crops have been proven lo be adapted to our area and some have not. Some of Ihese new crops tested have not proven economically adapted for our area. Through the program of crop selection and management, yields have substantially increased insuring producers greater returns from their farms. Soil management through Ihe use of planl residues, commercial fertilizers, tillage practices and water management has attributed to (he steady gruivlh in agriculture production in the county. These programs will receive major emphasis in future c.vlension educational programs. The Canyon Counly 4-H program in 1975 had 1,610 youth enrolled in the youth development program. This was nearly a 30 per cent increase over (he previous year. For Ihe coming year 1976 Ihc major emphasis will be in the areas of t-H program awareness and expanding Ihe program into urban areas. The major goal of -t-ll is, of course, always youlh development. The nearly CO various projects are only a means to an end, this end being the youths' development. The projects are continuously undergoing changes in order lo make (hem more educational and more contributory towards youlh development. The program, allhough strictly voluntary, for youth ages 9 to 19, is open lo all youth regardless of sex. color, origin or nationality. i -I 4 Two new exciting additions lo Canyon County ·)·!! miscellaneous projects were tried as pilots witli county youngsters. With enthusiasm, those 4-H'ers participating ,ermed both new projects a success. One of the projects, ceramics, was conducled in Wilder by a group of about 20 -t- ll'ers al Treasure Valley Ceramics. The other project called creativestilchery was piloted by groups of girls in Caldwell and Nampa and covered areas in creivel embroidery and needlepoint. Results of these projects were displayed al the fair in August and were one of the highlighls seen by viewers. Efforts in promoting miscellaneous 4-H projects will continue to he stressed in Canyon County, especially with urban youth. As a special project lo keep Ihe Bicentennial in mind, a historical style show is being planned for next summer. + + f The past year has seen a continual battle against insecl pests on the one hand and the threat of fewer pesticide tools on Ihe other. Dealing with ever lighter restrictions on chemical use has been a major concern in '(he pasl year. One major ac- livily has been lo prepare materials for Ihc training of private pesticide applicators so they may be licensed in Ihe ncxl year. Pesticide applicator (raining will be a major effort in 1976. All farmers who plan lo use "reslricted use" pesticides on their own land will need to be certified. This can be accomplished by attendance at a 3- liour training session. A number of these sessions comprised-of cassette and slide presentations will be scheduled by the ?x- lension service next year. No lesl is required for private applicators. + - + The adult extension home economics program emphasized consumer eduealion, nutrition programs. EFNEP (Expanded Food and Nutrition Extension Programsl. housing, preservation of fruits and vegetables, home furnishings and clothing. With the high cost of food prices, considerable emphasis is directed in Ihe preservation area -- canning, freezing and drying. Adult home economics! programs are supervised by Beverly Montgomery, extension home agent. Chas. Ahrens, right, an early county weed supervisor, gives advice to Blaine Lee concerning a noxious weed clean cultivation program. Mr. Field Com Grower! WESTERN HYBRIDS Developed in CALDWELL, IDAHO By Charter Research, Inc. FOR GRAIN OR SILAGE: 1. Western 85 3. Western 101 2, Western 90 4. Western 105 See Your Local Dealer... ASK FOR Western Hybrid Seed Corn FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CALL COLLECT CHARTER RESEARCH, INC. CALDWELL, IDAHO - (208) 459-8243

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