Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico on March 8, 1945 · Page 1
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Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico · Page 1

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Thursday, March 8, 1945
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LasC MAY SHE FLY OVEH TOKYO THE Forecut: fair tonight and Friday; no important change in t«in- perature. Lust 24 noun: Hlfk Law Las Cruc« ........................ 71 38 State College .................... 71 S|7 Jornado Range .................. 70 *) Vol. 64--No. 288 ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE LAS CHUCES, NEW MEXICO. THURSDAY AFTERNOON MARCH 8, 1945 ASSOCIATED PRESS PHOTOS PHtCE Tuygf CjfllfH AMERICAN FIRST ARMY CROSSES THE RHINE By WALLACE PERftY A fight over the small loan law is expected to be one of the liveliest the New Mexico legislature will produce after it reconvenes, Saturday, for its last 30-day ses- ' sion, according to reports out of Santa !^e. Advance notice of the impending " controversy was sounded at a meeting the other day in Albuquerque and reverberations are being heard 1 ;ibo:it the ."talc in general. * + + HB21T, which would rev.-ritc the t.-i-srrt of d r i e Reds Drive to Within 25 Miles of Berlin Japs Use Poles In Vain Effort to Stop Yank Tanks By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor Tanks pacing the laborious marine advance on Iwo island mowed down a bizarre Japanese suicide charge, battlefront dispatches reported today, as British troops stormed i into the outskirts of Mandalay, i · one of the .great prizes of the I Burma campaign. [ ! With no weapons left to hall i i the tanks, Nipponese infantry- j men charged the armored : . u n i t s carrying explosives i · mounted on long poles. · [ , iittm {',[ Own Munitions i · A "considerable number" of i I Japanese were killed, the tanks i unharmed. ' The defenders blew up one of t h e i r - o w n ammunition dumps to j conducted by the Russell "gage ! Livoid capture as the marines aciz-; foundation. cJ a strategic hill and drove two j It would give the state more regulatory authority over the small ·U; '.!;· :·.*· ; a-iicB and a;; Albuquerque spokesman of the Better Business Bureau voiced support of KB217. * . + 4 The measure is said to embody recommendations made in a study loan business, eliminate "service fees" permitted under present law and reduce amounts chargeable on . small loans. * + + Persona familiar with the bill say that on larger loans the re j venue to the lender in many instances would be comparable to .. -'.hat the lender now receives, poss, 'bly greater in some cases under the proposed law. These are the features of the . rate sections of the proposed law and the existing law: HB217--Not over 3'/ 2 per cent a month on unpaid principal balance on loans up to $150; 2i/ 2 per cent a month on unpaid balance on loans between $150 and $300; 1 per cent a month on unpaid balance on loans between $300 .and $500. Present law--loans up to $300, · 10 per cent a year and service fee of not more than one-tenth of amount loaned; on loans secured by movable property, an additional charge of 50 cents for each J10 of the loan. On unsecured loans under $50 the lender may charge one-tenth of the amount when the ,, loan is repayable in 61 days and one-fifth of the loan when the final installment is due more than 61 days after the date the loan is made. ·I + * features dealing 500 yards salients into narrowing enemy-held sector. Philippine-based bombers sank or damaged 18 enemy ships in their Jjeaviest attack on Japan's ragged shipping lines along the Asiatic coast. Scout*Tohyo fop New Raid Three B-29s today reconnoitered Tokyo, indicating another Su- perfort raid was in the making on the war-worried enemy capital, while other "Snooperforts" scouted the Nagoya and Osaka-Kobe industrial areas. Japanese broadcasts 'reported the U. S. Pacific fleet might strike again at any moment against the Japanese homeland. The emperor's high command was said to have completed plans to meet an invasion. Yanks Reach South Luzon Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur's armies in the Philippines reached the southern shores of Luzon island for the first time in their two- montlis-old invasion. Nine hundred tons of bombs were poured on the enemy's strong Marikina watershed line, 20 miles east of Manila in the most powerful air support of a ground offensive yet seen in the south Pacific. "Press Japs in Burma American-trained Chinese yes- tcreday captured the main to\v« of Lashio, north Burma rail- and road junction, after taking the old town the preceding day. British troops have reached the loans of S50 or less are said to be |° lltsklrts of Mandalay, soml-encir- those which have received the greatest criticism. * * + One bill ( H 7 ) would repeal the 1939 small loan act outright. Another (H3G) would repeal only the interest rate section of the law. Another measure (S107) would "*e- peal the 1939 act and make the A broad smile breaks across the freshly-shaved face of this German soldier about to eat a hot meal following an interview after his capture by Yanks of a Seventh Army patrol on Feb. 25. The prisoner, Shafer Jakob, told his captors he shaved before surrendering "to make a good impression," according to Signal Corps caption for this Photo. (AP Wirephoto from ..Signal Corps) cled largest city of central Burma. Australian troops expanded their holding on mountainous Bougain- ! ville in the Solomons and reportedly invaded Saposa island off the northwest coast. Philippines bombers sank a destroyer and lugger near Hong Kong; destroyed or damaged five See Success for Concert Drive After Checkup Encouraging prospects for success of Las Cruces' Community Concert campaign were seen today by Mrs. Wm. S. Erwin, general chairman, following a midweek checkup meeting of workers which i-as held in the Chamber of Commerce rooms late yesterday. Figure Costs, Member Classes "We can't tell definitely, until the returns are all in," Miss Luoile Thompson, representative of Community Concert Service with which the newly organized Cruces association has a contract to supply artists, added; "but I am very well pleased with the progress of the campaign." She explained that association officers first must figure out how t Comimiea on page 2) legal rate of interest six per cent.! freighters off French Indo-China. The state's general law on interest aild te " freighters and corvette in now makes the legal maximum 10 " contimun e the air sterilization Back on U.S. Soil SAN FRANCISCO, March 8/P)--A band of the heroes of Bataan came home today--hcmie to the soil of the United States -after throe years of imprisonment per cent on secured loans and 12 I of Formosa." per cent on unsecured loans. Still another small loan bill p n J from "Rnlann would amend the interest rate I JJCUIU II Ulli DdlClCUl section of the existing law to make interest rates as follows: 21,;, per cent a month on unpaid balance of loan up to 5100; \\' 2 per cent a month on unpaid balance of loans between $100 and $300. * * * Regulation of small loans is a 1 tough problem, from any side it's considered. + + * The borrower--if he really tries to pay, and If regulation's not stringent enough--gctfi stuck going and coming.' The lotui agency, however; also has troubles--due to the fact that so many small borrowers try to beat their bills nnd the frequently accompanying fact that, when collater.il is given, it la not worth the amount of the loan. Soldiers Battle Floods in Ohio PORTSMOUTH, O., March 8 £) -- Flood waters inched closer to tops of dikes in this Ohio river city, but elsewhere along the 1,- 000-milc valley floods neared or passed their crests and at some points were beginning to subside. The army brought combat tactics into play to keep steadily rising waters of the Ohio and tributary Scioto rivers from gushing over Portsmouth floodwalla. More than 2fi,000 empty sandbags were loaded on trucks at Cincinnati, to be sped to an air base under Japanese guards at t h e j . i t Wilwington, Ohio. From there dreaded prison camp of Cabanatuan. Numbering more than 250 officers and men. the first large group of liberated army men to be returned received n tumultuous wel- C-47 transports would drop them to soldiers and volunteers who have waged never-ceasing battle to erect earthworks and sandbag barriers atop existing flood bar- Tiers. come from San Francisco as their i The river here was past the 64- tranaport slipped in through the | foot stnpe, two feet higher than Golden Gate, tho cltv's floodwall. Soviets Smash In Unison with Rhine Crossing By RICHARD KASISCHKE LONDON, March 8 (AP) -The Russians have driven to within 25 miles of Berlin's city limits, outflanking the fortress of Kuestrin and reaching Seelow on the west side of the Oder, a Transocean broadcast from the German capital said today. Seelow is directly east of Berlin and is 12 miles west of I he Oder. It is on the main railway skirting the Oder which connects Stettin and r'rankfurt. Timed uitli Vi'estern Drive Marshal Gregory Zhukov's mas- -ive neu' offensive, timed with the filled drive to and across the Rhine, 321 miles to the west, also has reached a point 29 miles from Berlin northwest of Kuestrin, Berlin reported. Transocean said Seelow was reached from the Russian bridgehead at Goerlitz, between Kues- trin and Frankfort, and said terrific fighting was taking place in the area, with many places changing hands repeatedly. Stalin Changes Subject Moscow ^maintained alienee on theae Rectors. However, Marshal Stalin announced in an Order of the day the capture of the Polish town of Koscierzyna, 29 miles southwest of Danzig, and the Pomeranian rail junction of Buetow, 20 miles west of Koscierzyna. Capture of the towns marked advances of eight miles for the Red army. Fight on 125-mile Front Heavy attacks are taking place at Niederwutzen, four miles southwest of Zehden in a loop of the Oder river, Col. Ernst von Hammer said in a Berlin broadcast, and the Russians have made two breaches in the defenses of the fortress of Kuestrin to the soiith- (Continued on page 2) AMERICAN ARMOR IN STREETS OF COLOGNE the GenTM, ; , r l ° ? , armored divtaoniof the First U. S. Army wait in o side street in the German city of Cologne before driving lorHheHeart of the city whose capture was announced March 8. Tim ,s one of the first pictures taken in Cologne and was made by William C. Alle, Associated Press photosrapher with the wartime still picture pool. (AP Wrephoto via Signal Corps AMERICAN PARATROOPER HANGS IN BRITISH PRISON AS WOMAN BANGS AT GATE IN PROTEST By BARBARA WAGE LONDON, March 8 (AP) -- Karl Gustav Hulten, 22-year-old American paratrooper, died on the Pentonville prison'gallows today while a middle-aged woman, protesting his execution for the holdup-slaying of a London cab driver, was trying to crash the courtyard gates in a garbage truck, A crowd had to jump fast to avoid injury as the unexpected incident occurred outside the prison. The woman, Mrs. Elsie van Der Elst, who long has been a glamorous opponent of capital punishment, repeatedly cried: "You let the girl off, but you hang the man. It's a damned shame!" She referred to the reprieve granted Mullen's co-defendant, Mrs. Elizabeth Marina Jones, 18-year-old British strip tease dancer. Home Secretary Herbert Morrison recommended to the king Tuesday that her sentence be commuted to life im- prist For ' Italian Rioters Shoot at Prison ROME, March 8 UP) -- Shots were fired in the night at Cara- bfnieri guarding a clinic where Lt. Gen. Count Francesco Jacomoni is held on war crimes charges, in another of the series of demonstra- :ions so far weathered by Premier tvanoe BQnomi. No attempt was made to burst into the -hospital. Those who fired :he shots fled. The escape Sunday of Gen. Mario Roatta and a protest riot before the royal palace were previous incidents of the week. The cabinet declared Its con- 'idence in Bonomi late yesterday. Opposition parties protested anew against his retention of control of the government. irisonment. Taxlcab Murder Hulten, whose home waa in Cam' bridge, Mass., and the girl wen convicted in an international!; publicized trial'at old Bailey on charges of killing George Edward Heath, a taxicab driver known as the "man. with the cleft chin," last Oct. 6. Hulten, sentenced to death Dec 23, waa the first American soldier .o receive such a sentence at the lands of British authorities in wirr- time. Trie* to Ram Prison Gate He was executed at 0:10 a- in n the presence of a handful oi i British prison officials and twc j American officers. After being refused admission to the prison, Mrs. Van Der Elsl boarded an Idle garbage truck and with .the driver, tried to break through the police guards at the Kate. The police wheeled another truck In its path. They dragged both the woman and the driver out and took them nway. Crowd Hoots Protista Eearlter the police had sought to persuade her to leave the prison area, but she shouted "don't touch me." Members of the crowd then joined in hooting protest* against Morrison's decision to reprieve the dancer and let Hulten die. By 9 a. m. the crowd had grown to more than 200, most of them women, and its temper hnd developed into bristling hoatillity. Fight* Capital Punishment Mrs. Van Der Elat, wealthy widow of a Belgian a r m y captain, Is reported to have spent a fortune on social work. Once, describing her activities for the abolition Dne Killed, Four Hurl As Red Greeks Riot By ASSOCIATED PRESS The Greek army announced today that one man was killed and four others were wounded in the streets of Athens yesterday in two clashes precipitated by ELAS demonstrations. The announcement, broadcast jy the Athens radio and reported by the federal communications j n p; her ac said that ELAS groups had been Lf capital punishment, she sold: marching and singing "hymns of "i have suffered several times political character" despite c»f- icial bans. Carolina Says No On Divorces Okey . ! REPATRIATED LAS CRUCES PRISONER OF WAR WEDS TEXAS GIRL I'OUR DAYS AFTER RETURN four days a f t e r nrrlvjng*cntetl this inorntnK, but the mothcr*ari|wholm f Sgl. Wells contacted mid I have heor outside every prl- ,son in England." Although Morrison favored a reprieve for the dancer he ruled there were insufficient grounds for Interference with Ilultcn's sentence. home. S/Sgt. Irvin E. Write, first n.ina Ann county prisoner of war to he repatriated by Germany, be- COLUMBIA, S. C., March 8 UP ramr married to Miss Mary J. An- South Carolina failed to obtain a necessary two thiids vote in the · house yesterday n f t o r one member said it would "lot down the 1 bars to wholesale sin." South Carolina Is the only statr Mnnurl Chavez, assistant county clerk, iiftfr selling the young couple a marriage license Wednesday afternoon, acted ns witness while- Probate Judge Albino Apodnca performed the ceremony. which docs not permit divorce*. The newly weds could not be lo- A . j h i s family from Hollornn hospital, i T 1 !,« .rtcr then came by train to El Paso * tlC of the bridegroom, Mrs. R. Weils, told a Sun*Nfiws repori that they had left for a short ii-hcre he arrived Inat Saturday. honeymoon at an undisclosed dcs- A f t e r reporting at William Beau- Sgt. Wells met his bride whon he was stationed In Camp Bowie, Texas. MIPS Angcll, n Kort Worth girl, was employed M an accountant at the airplane plant there at the time. Returning on the exchange ship Lns Crucrs by bus, being met here by his overjoyed parcnln. "It all seems like n dream, too good to ho true," his mother said this morning, adding that, except for hii ankle which IB stiff from an Injury, he iji tn perfect health. i Berlin By ASSOCIATED PRESS Eastern front: 8? mllm by ZeJIln); 20 mllrh hy Oerman announcement* from Nledmvut- wn). WrMrn front: 2SS mllen {from Cohlrnr. arcn). Italian front: ftM.mllrn (from Ktflo river). Valley Man Dies After Leap from Capital Hotel WASHINGTON, March 8 WPl -A man tentatively Identified i Warren G. Payne, 24, of La Tun_, Tex., a discharged soldier, diet early today, n few hours after jumping from an eighth floor hotel window while in the custodj of police. Seated In a police cruiser car near where he struck tho ground was his bride of only n day, tht former Elizabeth Snrak, 27, oi She did not sec him full. Tin 1 nwn had been arrested in !i night club on charges of pnnsinp b:i! checks and Impersonating »n army officer. He wore the u n i form of second lieutenant in the medical corps when he Jumped without warning through a cloned window a.i city and military plotci searched his room. Payne and his bride were married Tuesday In Hyatteaville, Md. They mot while ho was an n r m y orderly since the beginning of tho war at the Kew Gardens hospital Kew reached a total of 823,632, the two! Gardens. Long Wand N Y' and .services disclosed today. · she was a mines' aids there. I'oliee Secretary of War Stimson re-' said he was a private In the med- U.S. Casualties Reach 823,632 WASHINGTON, March 8 (/P Army nnd navy combat casualties ported army casualties of 732,922 on tho basis of individual names emptied Jn Washington through Feb. 2fi. The latest navy casualty I'lgure is 00,710. The overall total represents an increase of 10,600 over last week's figure. The army accounted for all except 373 of the rise. A breakdown on army casualties and corresponding figures for Inst week: Killed 1-12,285 and 140,360; wounded 438,734 and 430,757; prisoners 60,668 and 60,535; miss- Ing 91,237 and 91,037. Stimaon said that 221.155 of the wounded, or more than htilf, returned to du'ty. A similar breakdown for the navy: Killed 34.513 and 34.283; wounded 41,209 and 40,904; prisoners 4,;tl7 and 4,478; missing 10,071 and 10,674, Nazis Kill Each Other As Americans Close in IN GERMANY, March 8 W)-Lt. William J. O'Connor, of Mil- wnukcfi, fiald today that whan hlN [ilntoon began cloning In recently on a group of GMiwuift, two officer* took careful aim and killed p*eh othor. leal corps until May 10-13. whei he WHS discharged. They did not disclose the reason for hL-j discharge. He had resided In El Paso, Ti:xii.s as well tist I.a Tuna since entering the army, police said. Dempsey Warns On Peace Failure ALBUQUERQUE, March 8 UPl Gov. J. J. Dempst-y witrnt'd to- ilny tlmt "unless we make provision now to preserve world peace, by force If necessary, then we must rebuild our cities In preparation for the next war, which will he so terrible that no elty existing today could survive its devastation." The governor's admonition was made In an address prepared for delivery at exorcises opening the spring semester nt the University of New Mexico. Deploring the lack of success which attended efforts to Insure pence, following World War I , ; Dcmpsny declared "U will be criminally Inexcusable lo make th Nazis, Surprised By Attack, Offer Light Opposition PARIS, March 8 (AP) -- The American first army crossed the Rhine south of Cologne last night and secured a firm fooling today on the east bank of the great German barrier stream. A dfrpatch from Cologne mounced the crossing. L!. GCMI. Courtney 11. Hod-' Scs jKi'.iri'J.niiiri' mid more in- I'.inlrymi'n across the river after his suJdVn and sensational cri'ssiii}; i n d a r k n e s s . ' The evict Ideation of the bnJi.;ehead over tlie quivrter- i n i i e - w i d e river iras shrouded by m i l i t a r y censorship be- eause the Germans obviously did not know the exact situation. Mm, .MuliTlal 1'our AcmM Tlu i-r..!iMPi; slur!",! «t 4 : 3Q p. n: ).·:-!. ;\i:ty. i n Um houra alnee- tlu':i, a alcady stretim of men and matt-rial lm\v been pouring onto thi' I'lL.sliM'n bmik nnd moving forward i:i n drive lo get the bridgehead out or rnr.Ri- of enemy Bj-til- kry. iCulugMo ,s in about the sme l a t i t u t l u :'a Newfoundland, and the -lays at till. 1 ; season aro extremely iihort.) During the first 24 houre, Uiero .vns little artillery or mortar flro · n the beachhead. Indicating the. iMiemy was Ul utter, confusion when he fled back acrosa the river from the ashoa of Cologne before Ilodgra' hard-driving divisions. GcrmnnH Talton by Surprlm First army Infantrymen spanned lh« quarter mile-wide river apalnat r:ithcr light opposition before the · u i ' i t l . ' d CiTiiKins could grnup what Inn! h:\piwi,.,!, AP Corrrairamlcnt W.-.l i::ill.ij;liiT .laid. Tin . - i i l l - J K ' ; ' ' . ! ' ;llirM:i!iCOmOI'.t \VnK i'ii.-u. il by .i-;u,ir., at D:55 tonight a f t e r L't huir- of :i.-cur!ty black- llllfl V h i l l .·v.-'tl.l rif K 1 ' 1 ': 1 ' O \t:i_i Ho TrnpJH'd h.T i:iiit.i ,,t ij;,. Unit, nivpv n-.l l i n l f of 111- I'.lllm- '.inr.vr ' - ' y "! I! Til n i l l . O O O l l l l l . l ··( in ai hy Hail Gorfi'ubin I;. y.Ant BK'1 h u m b l . WRECKAGE IN COLOGNE SHOWS INTENT TO NATIONAL SUICIDE By LOUIS P. IX)CIINEB ' COLOGNE. March 8 (At--After .aklng Inventory of what remains of Cologne and othor Icjucr German cities captured by the Alllca, he conclusion la inoscnpnble that Vdolf Hitler has committed the rclrh to national suicide. h n w Jimt rnmplolAd my flmt lelnlled tour of Cologne's down- own ncctioti. It wan a sorry sight m this bleak, cold day. * Cologne's wall «tro«t, the Untcr Jachnonhaunfn, cxUti no more. Th« proud structures of the Helen- ·bunk, Dreftdcner hftiik, DUkonto Gosellflc.hnft and other financial Institutions are burned out nhclls. The main pontofflcc directly opposite these banks In far worse condition than the post of flee In ruined Anchen. The telephone exchange Is a wreck- "completely kaput ( f i n l n h - h " IN t h e by Lt. COl. WftfthinRun, D. C.,) nmg telephone specialist. "It's far worfc than Aachen," Crowell added. 1 stumbled over tha bodlea of (Continued on Page 3) vny It u'HM described Robblnr p. Crow«ll, '-iini,.',, A m i i i r..ufiisi.iii .';/, eel tlir u i r j - u r t u n i i y of esUbiisl;- n:g :i l l h i f c bn.igfhoad, und with TIO dolny threw in troops quickly, fhe lie minus \vrn found disorganized after t h e severe mauling hey took in their rmit across the lojrne aren. News of tho Rhine crossing (v/opt through the army from division to division and down ouph the nuiiia to-the ^Ivatca the f r o n t lines, Correspondent Don \Vhitchcnd reported. It brought grins to their whisk- rod nnd grimed/aces And cheered everyone in the army. Two Days Mtvc Cologne "If we can hold that bridgehead, it means the war hi months icarer an end." Lt. Col. Robert Evans of Davenport, la., told Whltehcnd. Gen. Klnenhmver had six other armies standing on the West bank f the HhSne and IU grey-green valors. The crosHlng of the Rhine--on* of the gnmt achievements of the entire war--came - Jiiat two days after the capture of the great Khlncliind capital of Colopno -which wna cleared completely today, N'min Blackout* Over Both Both the first and third arml'J were clanked in ntwj blackouts, the better to confuse the five or alx German divisions pocketed between thorn. (A blue network broadcast snld the first nrmy wns a mile and n half from Bonn and three from Bad Godesberjj where Neville Hitler Just bo fore tho Munich con- fflfrnre seeking "jwaco In our time." German resistance was .laid to have collapsed, with Americana rftclng through town after town (Continued on p»*» I) '

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