The Idaho Kree Press 4 The News-Tribune. Kridav. Kebi-uarr 21.1975 - 1 Opinion Today's editorial Only Washington . . . It has always been difficult not to become maudlin, to resort to cliches, when talking about George Washington. "The father of his country." "First n war, first in peace, first in Ihe hearts of his countrymen." Well-worn phrases like lhat. As if by way of cnmpensalion. attempts are made from lime to lime to knock Washington off the dislanl, towering pedestal he occupies in American history and bring him down lo our own size--or lower. A few years ago. for example, someone made a humorous analysis of (fie painstakingly detailed expense account Washington submitted to the Continental Congress after Ihe Revolution. While it showed that the general enjoyed his glass .of Madiera, it hardly proved he was ianylhing but a scrupulously conscientious 'public servant. , Disparaging reference is sometimes ;made lo the fact lhat Washington was a 'slaveowner, a member of the aristocratic Â·class--ignoring Ihe humanilarianism of 'the man. especially when viewed against :the context of the limes in which he lived-- jignoring the ver real risk he look in losing .everything he had, including his life, in a jcause far from universally supported by -his fellow colonists. I Such attempts to belittle Washington merely prove the opposite of what they intend. When Ihis man is compared wilh some of Ihe modern world's revolutionary "heroes" he grows in stature all the more. I 'Governors' conference Washington never countenanced terrorism against Ihe enemy. He never had a political or ideological opponent shot or imprisoned. He never sought power over anyone--indeed, shunned it. His legacy has been nothing but good. t-'ven wilh 200 years of hindsight (o benefit them, historians can arrive al no estimate of Washington different from that of his contemporaries: Without him. there would have been no United Slates of America. There is simply no other way of putting it. As Americans approach the Bicen- lennial. as they resludy the Revolution and its aftermath, it is lo be hoped that Ihey will refresh their appreciation of Ihis fact. Only Washington kept Ihe dream of independence alive in the dark days al the end of 1776, when at one poinl the Continental Army was reduced to a mere 800 men. Only Washington could have brought the long struggle lo its successful conclusion. Later, when the United Stales began its experiment under Ihe Constitution, only Washington commanded the affection, respect and confidence needed by its first president lo surmount the squabbling rivalries of the nascent political parlies and sec the inftnl nation well launched on its course of destiny. Without George Washington, no United Stales. What more can possibly be said? --Ky Don Oakley Newspaper Enterprise Assn. Federal strings twanged ; lly Oeorg | WASHINGTON' tUPIl - Kor years. Ihe nation's governors have been coming lo yVashinglon. singing Ihe same tune: "Money, Money. Money." Â· An infusion of federal money, (hey insisted, was all the states needed to gel back on their feet. Thai was a lime when almost all Ihe stales were having Irouble making ends meel and the federal government was euphoric over the prospect of peace and growth dividends creating a kilty which opiild be generously shared. Â·Â·Mow condilions are differenl. ;iThe Â· federal government faces the greatest peacetime deficits in history, and the governors have changed tunes. Al Ihis week's National Governors' Conference the refrain is "more money; less regulation." A Jot ol bolh. The emphasis is on less federal interference wilh slale spending of federal funds. More money is expected next year, with Congress providing more lo fighl recession than Presidenl Ford promised. The governors welcomed dial. Bui instead of seeming lo be experts, the governors sounded like average citizens lost in the massive federal bureaucracy. Washington window J. Marder A case in point was made by Gov. Philip Noel, D-K.I.. who said that unless Ihe slates are given more leeway in the $5 billion federal public service program that starts next July, the money will be spent on "leaf ruking or less." Noel said lhat under present regulations, the slates cannot spend Ihe money for technology, material or supplies. Trees cannot be bought for a planting program or paint for a rehabilitation of stale or local buildings. "In a few weeks, Ihere won't be any nursing homes left in Ihe country which can qualify for the federal regulations," Noel said. Gov. Daniel J. Evans. R-Wash., said when the Dcparlment of Health, Education and Welfare threatened lo end welfare funds lo slales which have a high record of errors in meeting federal standards, he turned the tables on the agency. "I insisted on an audit of the federal share of Ihe Funds," Evans said. "They threw up their hands but we wenl through with il. and Ihey came up wilh a rate of error of 80 per cent in following their own rules." A look at NATO Ky John WASHINGTON (UPlI - Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey. D-Minn.. worried about European political and economic chaos, has called for a major congressional review of the Norlh Atlantic Treaty Organization. Humphrey recently told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee lhat "the time has arrived for this committee to take a hard look at what is happening to the structure of NATO." Humphrey said he regarded NATO as Ihe most important defense arrangement the United Slales has lo counter Soviet influence. Bui he expressed concern that the variety of political and economic problems plaguing some MATO member nations could be seriously undermining the military alliance. "When you look al the soft underbelly of NATO, it is a matter of grave concern," Humphrey said. He expressed greatest concern about developments in Italy. Portugal anrl Turkey. "In Portugal there is a real serious threat from the communists." he said. Barton "The liberals Ihere are putting up a fight, bul the communists have taken over the labor movement. In my experience that is always step number one in a communist takeover." Humphrey said communists also were gaining influence in Italy, where the political and economic situation had grown so unstable lhat it had become a major source of worry to Western nations. Humphrey also noted that Turkey has been governed by a caretaker government for a considerable period of time, with no end in sight. He also noted lhat relations between the United Slales and Turkey have been strained by the Congressional decision lo hall all U.S. mililary aid lo Turkey until that nation withdraws its U.S. equipped forces from Cyprus. Other senators have cited growing tensions between (he United Slates and Greece as having had a weakening impact on NATO Humphrey said Congress should investigate Ihe influence lhat all these situations have had on NATO. The News-Tribune and Iforfp fat f rrÂ«4 PubUHed evening* e*epr S^ndo^ol 316 lemh Ave So^th Nompo. I ho 85451 by Canyon PubUK-ng Co E"'ered 01 letonrf clavi -nairer al i-e Pan Of(ee al No~)po. Idaho, undti on of Morh 8. 1879 All notices requ red by law or order ol couil ol torrvpetfM juried c^on to be putl ihed weeUy wili he pvb'i^hed i-\ lhÂ« Sa'ordaj- mve of fhn paper pursuant 10 letiioi 60-108 ( C 1963 ai added ierÂ«to by Chapter 164 tÂ°33 Stit-on La~t of Idaho SUBSCRIPTION RATES Carrier, ptr month : $3.25 Corritr, f i r y t a r $39.00 BrMAl'L (Paid in advance) I month. . . 13.50 6monlhi. . $20.00 3monlhs . .$10.25 I'/eor . . . $3900 rtvil newspaper rtteroei 'I'C '-ght 10 olfer 1h* eipiiolion dare of arty paid n advance lub- U'iplion thou'd there be on odjUl^Kll in wbic'ipl.on ralev -ADAM J. KAIB- President Publisher THE NEWS-TRIBUNE JatepS R ParU. duvneu Manager -- Ad* Qirec'v RifKard Coffmon, Editor Ritbard WiJ.oflÂ»i. Cir Mg* IDAHO FREE PRESS Jeanne Brgrer, Â£uineti Moioge' Larry 6 Gardner Editor C RabÂ«rrull r Adv. Director J. C. IWholm, Cir D". Keith Briggi. Competing Foreman CWIet McCoy. Preii fortmon The innocent bystander Leading front-non-runner My Arthur Houuc The most distinguished senator in Washington these days is William D. Hathaway of Maine. What distinguishes him from his colleagues is that he is Ihe only Democrat in the Senate who is not running for president. The bombshell news broke here last week when Senator Hathaway announced he would hold a press conference next Monday lo announce he would make a major address a week from the following Tuesday lo announce lhat he wasn't running for presidenl. Humors (hat the husky, cigar-smoking, well-liked, freshman senator wouldn't immediately seek the presidency have been circulating here since his upset victory over Margaret Chase Smith in 1972. As long ago as last April, he confided lo a reporter from the Bangor (Maine) Weekly Bullet that "many of my close friends and associates have urged me, for the good of Ihe country, not to run." He said a( (he lime that he was "seriously considering" that course. "However, I must also think of the welfare of my family," he added. "The presidency pays more money." Since then he has gradually been tabbed as Ihe leading front-non-runner in an undercrowded field. The fact lhat he has not raised more than $1 million from party fat cats before the campaign contribution law was tightened only added fuel to the rumors. Moreover, he has not once been photographed eating a knish in Ihe Bronx, wearing a Sioux bonnet in Sioux City, or indenlifying himself to uninterested, homeward-bound factory workers. Instead of charging about (he country criticizing the Presidenl. it has been widely noted. Senator llathaway has steadfaslly remained in Washington criticizing Ihe President. In his announcement announcing his forthcoming announcement that he wouldn't run, the Senator pledged, to Ihe relief of many, that he would not issue a position paper on the Middle Kasl. "It is not that I don't have a position." he said. "It's lhat I don't understand it." He added, however, that he stood foursquare for full employment, lower taxes, improved welfare benefits and a balanced budget. "It's just [hat I don'l see." he told his cheering non-supporters, "how all (hat's possible." -M- + In a rare private interview (he is rarely asked for one), Ihe moderately liberal senator was asked il he would have lo adopt a more conservative image in hopes of losing Ihe liberal vole. Would lie. for example, speak out for doubling the defense budget and quadrupling our aid lo Vietnam? "I've found it very difficult to change my image," he said. "My wonderful wife. Mary, has been trying for years. But I always instinctively duck." Would he instead, then, vote for what he believed in? "Yes," he said firmly. "And I believe in getting ve-eleclcd." Finally, he was asked Ihe critical question: "Why, sir, are you, a popular, respected member of the majority party, nol running for Ihe presidency?" A far-away look entered his eye. "Mmmmm." he said, pausing to blow a smoke ring, "now that you mention it..." Foreign commentary Ethiopian hopes buried? liv I'hil.\ewsoni In Addis Ababa, delegates to Ihe Organization for African Unity met in regular session in Ihe ornate headquarters built for them by Emperor Ilaile Selassie. In the streets oulside, demonstrators shouted support for Ihe military junta which ousted Selassie and now holds him prisoner. Visible from Ihc windows of (he OAU was Ihe plowed area where army executioners dumped Ihe bodies of 60 former Ethiopian leaders into a single mass grave on a night in late November. In lhat same grave Ihey may have buried Ethiopia's hopes for unity and a democratic future. Some 400 miles to Ihe norlh, as night closed in on Asmara, capital of Ihe province of Eritrea, flares lit up Ihe cily which resounded to Ihc sound of exploding mortars and bazookas. The sound of battle in Asmara also had its echo in Washington which, like the OAU, was finding il increasingly difficult lo ignore events in Ethiopia. From the mililary regime in Addis Ababa had come an urgcnl call for help -an airlift of some $25 million lo $35 million worth of replacements for the bullets, bombs, Irucks and lanks lost in the fight against the Eritrcan rebels. For Washington it was a serious dilemma. I Today's thought In "Twiay'i Editorial" olumnt r*pr*Mnl thi vl*wt Â·( . AH Â»trW Â»mmÂ«nlÂ» tn thii f*fÂ« art th *pjniont f lhÂ« writin, wtÂ»Â»rtÂ»Â«rmÂ«mkÂ«rtÂ«f tKÂ« MwÂ«papÂ«r'Â» tAtwW kMrd *r nÂ«l. Wt wÂ«kÂ»mÂ« Un.n t* HM WH*r but mui limit lh*m tÂ« 300 ww4Â«. Al ktttn mutt bÂ« Â«JÂ«nW, ctnlain thÂ« jnd mn lubfKi n Uffnvri fey trx Â«dllÂ«iÂ«l bÂ«Â«rj. Incline \oiir car, and hrar the words nf l)ii' wise, anil npph ynur mind In in\ kiinHlodge: for it Mill tie pleasant If ymi Ur|i them wilhin you. If all al them are it-;iil\ mi ynnr lips. -- I'romrbs ^1:17. IK. "If ou have knowledge, let others lifihl Ihrir Camilla al it." Thomas l-'ulli'r. Kn^lish i lrr|;ynian. Libya, Syria and other Arab slales were lending bolh material anil moral support lo (he Erilrean rebels. What would be the result of U.S. aid (o the government in Addis Ababa, especially if il were lo lose Ihc war against the secessionist rebels in Ihe end no matter what? Elhiopia 's only seaports were in Krilrea in a position to block Israel's sole southern port of liilal and shipping (o and from Ihe Suez Canal. (In the olhcr hand, what would happen if Ihc United Slales failed lo aid Addis Ababa aud in the end Ihe Erilrcan rebels went down to defeat? The Irulh was thai if bets were taken, the odds would seem lo be against the military regime in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia's youthful mililary rulers were far from secure in Ilicir own position. In that mass grave near the OAU headquarters in Addis Ababa was (he body of LI. Gen. Aman Michael Andom, a former leader of Ihe ruling junta, a moderate and an ethnic Kritrean who had sought peace with the Eritrcan separatists. His death had hardened their resolve for independence. N'ot only was the new regime faced with an intensification of the 12-year-old Krilrcan rcvoll. Ihey also were faced wilh a break-away movement in Ogaden Province which Iwrders on Somalia. Many of the residents of Ihe province were of Somali origin and fell closer to Somalia than (o Ethiopia itself. And, in the hills of Tigrc Province next lo Krilrea, was a force of some 600 men under leadership of an Ethiopian nobleman named Mengasha Seyoum. The force calls itself the Tigr- Liberation Movement. Tlie military regime has declared itself dedicated lo socialism and land reform hut ilself is shot through with jealousies amonj! the various mililary factions il represents, anil reforms are not yet apparent. Campaign debt Creditors chase candidates liv Tom WASHINGTON - i.XEA) - Although lately politicians have been forced to join the public debate concerning campaign funding reform, lew have crated one (wit about a secondary aspect of the same scandal: campaign debt. Small wonder: Dieir reluctance. The history of campaign debt is that (he less said about it. the better. If one waits it out in silence, very often the creditors give up and go away. So little is heard about the subject officially that its magnitude can only be guessed. Records of campaign financing are kepi now by the Office of Federal Elections: but they are incomplete at best. hopelessly tangled at worst. And prior to OFF: til was established in 1972 statistics, presumably including debts, were kept by the clerk of the House of Representatives and for some reason, it lakes a subpoena to gain access to those logs today. But even a small peek at the debt notes that are available is an indication of a large political shame. Hubert Humphrey's 1968 presidential campaign still owes hundreds of thousands of dollars to American Airlines Terry Santord, the widely unknown North Carolina in-and-out candidate, still owes $400.000 to individuals and firms for 1072. And this is just a small peek. Says a former campaigner for Edmund Muskie. himself a forgotten creditor: "I'll bet a donul that everybody who ran for president in 1972 still has at le.isl a few people begging for back money. Some have whole armies of creditors. I'd say S3 to 4 million easily is still owed, of which most will never be paid." Though alarming, the S3 to -t million estimate may hi' conservative. Just oneof Humphrey's 1972 presidential groups, (he (.'omjiiilloe for Ihe Nomination of IIHH. Inc.. has liled a report with Ihe OFE staling SW0.368.4U in debts and $62.2:1 on hand. Besides this. Ihe Minnesota senator hasmmicrous smaller committees throughout the n:ilio:\ continuing to report other debts. One of Ihe smaller debts is the Detroit Committee for Humphrey whirti reports no assets, no hope for further incoming funds and $2:1.000 owed In 17 Michigan creditors. Whipping boys Tiede ' In many cases, of course, the campaign money owed is never expected to Ibe collected. Humphrey still owes $175.000 to Cleveland e.veculii-e Joseph Cole, and omc $500.000 to other fat cats who lent Ihe cash out ol political sympathy. But (he S23.000 owed in Detroit is almost entirely little people's loot, everything from $12.4,8 to a postal machine firm to $3,192 to live Goodwill Printing Co. ". Usually, no doubt. Ihe commercial creditors fight as long rs prudently possible for their money. Uan Stanley of Chicago's Progress Printing Co.. says he still intends 10 gel an ancient $2,000 debt out of Humphrey because. "They doiS stick me. buddy." As a practical matuj?, though, (he older a campaign debt becomes the less likely its eventual collection. "What you do is hope." says a representative for Detroit's Goodwjlj Printing, "but we don't want to pushjt mucb because we don't want any adverse reflection. We don't call anybody any names." i^ I! (he Goodwill opinion sount(Â£ something like (ear. it is not unusual among campaign creditors. John Johnson. an oflicer of (he American Collectors Assn.. anil himself an unsuccessful candidate for the Minnesota governorship.' says thai many campaign debt holders ate reluctant to press hard for collection for worry that "a debtor will lake office arid then ram through some bill to hurl the creditor. 11 sounds terrible but it could Political revenge is common." Â· l-'ac.eit with these difficulties and knowing there will not be debt laws written for their protection soon, not so long as debtors write Hie laws anyway, campaign suppliers would do well to strengthen their position where it counts, out fronl. Sheraton Hotels now has a policy of collecting campaign bills in advance at services. Short of this precaution, there is only one way to insure satisfaction from political dcadbeats. iVe don'l condone id but Chicago's Dan Stanley says he'd write- off lhat debt if he could punch Hubert Humphrey in the nose. Crowing hate for business liv Hay WASIIINGTO,\-(NE.A)-Therp is in Ihis town a must virulent hale for business and industry--within Congress, the bureaucracy and among commentators. Much has been said about the oil lobby, the business lobby, the munitions anil aerospace lobbies. Little has been reported about Ihe other sicie of the coin those so filled with antagonism [or business and profits Ihey would peck private industry mlo the doldrums. These haters, il may be said parenthetically, are nol members of a subversive parly, nr plotters against the establishment. They are. in lite main. honest, decent hardworking citizens who love their country. Ilicir wives anil children. Bui they hale. They hale so enthusiastically, in fad. lhat Ihey have been nitpicking and crealing-slcp-hy-slep-a plethora of iropossible-lo-conforni-to regulations tfial could strangle productive growth and extend the length and deplh Â»f this recession beyond all reason. For in the end. whatever we may think ol business and businessmen, we are dependent on industry in increase the production of eiiiTgy and oilier products sufficiently lo end ilic recession and lo afford those regular w age gams necessary 10 keep improving ihc living standards of Ihe average man ar.d In ease Ihc shortages which have led lo inflation. And we are dependent on business to find jobs for Ihe millions of uneniplmed. For industry to accomplish these things 11 must have Ihe earnings to attract the capilal required for investing in equipment necessary for iiu'easing productivity, for expanding oiilpul anil for Quirks. . . in the news PALM SPRINGS. Calif. lUPIl Nicolino Carnevale sold his hero sandwich for nearly $2,000 Ihis weekend. Carnc-valc sold Ihc 104-fool sandwich for $2 an inch to raise money for Ihe Desert Hospital development fund here. The bun alone weighed 180 pounds and was filled with three cases of sliced tomatoes. 175 pounds of meal and cheese. 38 pounds of swcel peppers. 40 pounds of shredded leltuce. I.2J8 peppers and three gallons of dressing. I-'nlerlainor Sonny linno auctioned off two six-inch end pieces for S100 before about 1.000 onlookers. Carnevale said he was also trying for a place in the Guinness Hook of World lie- cords, and as soon as he submitted (he information he wnultl disclose Ihe secret of baking a bun that long - nil in one piece. IUif-r-AI.0. N.y. ilTI. - Frank like dawdled over a cup of lea for eight and one half hours Ihr nlher day Now fir's in Irntililp because nf il. Nice. 32. walked into a Buffalo rcslaiiranlat about 2:30 p.m. Wednesdav and ordered the tea Then he sal And ni And sal "He kepi saying ho would leave as soon as he (I finished," a waitress said in court papers, Ilice was still sitting al II p.m. Finally the nighl manager asked him lo leave lie refused. The manager called a police man. The ixiliei'inan nskeil him in leave lie refused HiiT pleaded innocent on a charge of refusing Ihc ri'.isotuihle request of an nflirer Cromley ' ' meeting Die antipollution standards ouf~ laws now require. The varied difficulties businessmen' and farmers have in gelling ihe capital Ihey require lo expand, and the economic^ barriers to profits which discourage e^*^ pansion have been brought out time and" again. Hut (lie critical barrier is a Jack of" confidence spreading through wide sec- lions of industry and agriculture, if. Ihe men I've met with are representative. Thai lack of confidence has been generated in no mean measure by the growing power in Washington, the detailed interjection of the government into business' day-lo-day operations and by the,, "anli" attitudes businessmen face in this t city. j Wilh all this bale, paradoxically, there's,.', a pervading fear in government today pi-,,allowing major companies lo go broke. Contracts and other assistance are all top n frequently given to companies whose ,1 performance has been poor and withheld;, from more efficient producers, thus,, pulling Ihe best down toward the level of." ihe worst. ..'.j' This column is nol going to glorify' businessmen. They are men like (hose it),, government, in the press and in Congress. , S t a t i s t i c s indicate that top business^, leadership these days comes, by and large.' from Ihe same colleges as the leadership.^ in government and Ihe academic world",, Like us all. businessmen have biases and" Heaknesses: (hey see Ihe world through their own set of glasses. Certainly there are lobbyists. Certainly rj ihe fixers get to some men on Capitol Hiilfj and in the executive. Certainly the hugeS sums given by some special interest ana business groups are suspicious on (be face, and downright smell} when investigated inS detail. ' Â·Â»%Â» Kor Ihese reasons, a healthy govern-" menl skepticism is in order. Persislcnl investigations are required lo rool out inequities and criminal acts-including., 1 , price gouging, [lul the raging vilifications:. I've heard iti high places in this town go..i beyond all reason. For Ihese same-; weaknesses of industry show up in equally obnoxious ways in the Congress, in the-.bureaucracy and in the nonprofit public:,! mlerest groups. 1 have heard lies a s ' ; atrocious in one place as the other. We are Â·Â·: dealing with men. not saints.
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