Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on February 21, 1975 · Page 1
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 1

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Friday, February 21, 1975
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"Gate quartet sentenced H. R. Haldemon Robert Mardian WASHINGTON IUPII - John N. Mitchell, H.R. Haldeman and John Khtlich- man, once Richard M. Nixon's most trusted aides, were sentenced loday lo up (o eighl years in prison for conspiring lo cover up America's worst political scandal. Opening the way for an appeals process than may lake as long as Iwo years, U.S. Dislricl Judge John J. Sirica also sentenced Robert C. Mardian to up (o three years in prison for his part in Ihe Walergale conspiracy. The sentences, slitter than those received by any other Watergate defendants since the original burglars, were described by one of the attorneys as "far more lhan Richard Nixon will ever suffer." Nixon, forced lo resign as President of the United Stales by Ihe same evidence which led to Ihe conviclion of his lop aides, was vacationing in Palm Springs, Calif., wilh Ihe knowledge thai he will never be prosecuted under a pardon he received from President Ford. There was no immediate comment from (he former president. None of (he four conspirators --Mitchell, who had been Nixon's attorney general and campaign manager; Haldeman and Ehrlichman, who were chief White House aides; and Mnrdian, who was Mitchell's chief deputy --showed any emotion as Ihe sentences were pronounced. Mitchell's dry humor nonetheless surfaced as he left (he courthouse. "It could have been a hell of a lol worse," he said. "They could have sentenced me (o spend Ihe rest of my life wilh Martha Mitchell" --his estranged wife who once basked in the limelighl of Watergate publicity. The olher conspirators solemnly refused to comment, but Mardian's lawyer said he thought Ihc sentences were "loo heavy." Khrlichmnn, normally glib, confessed. "I just don'l have anything lo say." Milchell, Haldeman and Khrlichman were sentenced loa minimum o(2-'a years 10 a maximum of eighl years on charges of obstruction of justice, conspiracy and lying. Mardian, convicted only of conspiracy, was given a \0-month lo (hree year sentence. They w ere released without bond pending appeal. Ehrlichman also faces a sentence of 20 months lo five years in connection with Ihe break-in al the office of Daniel Kllsbcrg's The final chapter misuse of power WASHINGTON (DPII - Once Ihey had stood before Ihe country ns Ihe mosi powerful advisers to Ihe mosi powerful man in Ihc world. Now Ihey stood before Hie bar of justice as the crusading, white-haired judge sentenced llicm to jail for misusing (hat vasl power. II was perhaps the final denouement of a drama that began almost innocently early on the morning of June 17, 1972, when five men wearing while gloves were caught wilh burglary tools in the Watergale headquarters of Ihe Democrats. They stood quietly, solemnly, before Judge John J. Sirica, who hadn't been satisfied with the trial of the original burglars and who dug perhaps deeper lhan any judge in memory to discover (hat the misdeeds strelctiecl from Watergale to the VOL. LVI NO. 272 ".·in lii!c/cni!e/il Daily Ncu-spiipcr Dedicated to Community Progress" NAMPA, IDAHO, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1975 22 PAGES 15 CENTS DST almost official BOISE (UPI) - Refusing to look on the durk side of Daylighl Saving Time, Ihe House completed legislative action 49-19 today on a Senate bill .to move southern Idaho clocks ahead one hour Sunday. Debate on the measure--which repeals last year's winlertime DST exemption for southern Idaho--goes now to the governor for consideration. Only three persons spoke during the brief debate. floor sponsor Elaine Kearnes, R-Idaho Falls, said everyone's views on Ihe question were prelly well known. She said southern Idaho should be in "tune" with the six slates and foreign country which surround the state. Rep. Walter Little, R-New Plymouth, urged the House lo defeat the bill, saying il will create confusion and make il difficult for children who must go lo school in the dark. Then Rep. Beverly Bislline, D-Pocatello, asked: "What do those children do in Alaska where it is dark all of the lime? Let's keep southern Idaho with the program." House approves 36-34 'Kinderbiir gets gold star BOISE IUPI) -Aflera two hour debate, Ihe Idaho House has approved for the first time legislation authorizing stale-supported public kindergartens on a local option basis. First, the House beat down 33-37 a move lo amend the bill so Ihat Ihose school districts unable or unwilling to establish kinrJergarlens still could share in the funds and use them for "enrichment." Then the House approved the bill 36-34 Thursday and senl it en its way to the Senate. Proponents of the measure said il would cost about $3.3 million in state funds next year. Opponents argued that the price tag will be a lot higher lhan thai. As written, the kindergartens would be ERA critics lose House floor fight BOISE (UPI) - Opponents of the Equal Rights Amendment lost 39-30 today a floor fight lo bring a measure rescinding Idaho's ralification of the ERA lo the floor. Earlier this week Ihe State Affairs Commillec voted to postpone action in- Water planners ponder priorities CALDWELL-The Idaho Department of Water Resources is charged, via a 1964 constitutional amendment, wilh devising a comprehensive slate water plan by 1977 that is legally binding unless overturned by the legislature. Thus, Thursday nigh! in Caldwell members of the department gathered with 50-60 citizens lo exchange ideas on just what should be contained in the plan. The timetable for coming up wilh the plan calls for information mcelings and workshops in 1975; public hearings and submission of a preliminary plan in 1976; and application of the final plan in 1977. The meeting Thursday in Caldwell was the 20lh for the deparlmenfin the past 30 days Warren Reynolds, an official with the water resnuroc department, told [he group (hat his department is seeking priorities for use in Ihc waler plan and Ihat is Ihe purpose of Ihe . 20 statewide meetings. . "The poinl is tMs '" sald Re )'' nolds "We've only got so much water for use in this state and we've got to decide what to | do with il. We need your input into two broad categories we've drawn up. Reynolds noted that the two categories I are environmental quality and economic I I development, "This isn't an either-or \ situation," he emphasized. "These two concepts can live together. What we wanl to Know is your priorities in this mailer f Before receiving comments from tne [audience, members of the department outlined the particular groupings under the Iwo broad categories of environmental I quality and economic development. { The environmental quality category Includes such things as preservalon, I restoration and-or enhancement, pollution [control, criteria to guide future resource |i*{ and research and studies. Minder the economic development |ne»ding comes topics including witer [quality control, flood damage reduction, irrigation, Indian affairs, municipal and industrial waler use, recreation, land measures, fish and wildlife, navigation, aquaculture, urban lands and electric power. The problem, as the departmenl sees il, is based on Ihe idea Ihat Ihe "Snake River in southern Idaho normally contains enough water for existing uses. Major problems occur, however, during low- water years such as the 1929-1942 period. "Also, Idahoans have expressed a desire to expand uses of water, particularly for inslream uses, in addition (o uses for' irrigation, power and industry. This means that there will not be enough waler lo go around during drought periods." Looking to the future, the deparlmenl notes that "Idahoans in past opinion surveys have said they want economic opportunity but in a high-quality environment. With that directive, planners started working on plans which include both environment! quality and economic development." An information pamphlet distributed by the department notes (hat Ihe planners "soon found out that waler supplies in the Snake River Basin are too limited lo satisfy all of Ihe identified needs and desires." Reynolds, in fact, testified firsthand to just such a situation. "All the potential water users probably won't have their needs satisfied. There simply isn't enough available water." And, he noted, there are (wo factors present now thai weren't present just two years ago when Ihe all-encompassing sludy began--the energy crisis and the agriculture picture. "We are going around the stale asking you what you wanl to do with this very valuable resource--water," said Reynolds lo the audience. "We don't have a comprehensive state policy right now but we must have one by 1977." definitely on Ihe measure, Ihe majority saying it was not in proper form. Then, Ihis morning, Rep. C. L. Oiler, R- Caldwell, asked Ihat (ho measure be brought to the House floor from committee. But after a 22-minute procedural debate the House voted to excuse the committee--thus leaving the rescinder in limho in committee. In the form of a concurrent resolution the measure in question would require only a simple majority of the House lo pass. Those keeping it in commillee contend that a joint resolution--requiring a two-thirds approval of the entire membership--would be more proper. When Idaho ratified the ERA in 1972 a joinl resolution was used. In 1973, when the first rescission effort was attempted, a joint resolution was used, Last year ,a concurrent resolution was tried and it failed 35-35 on Ihe House floor. "I don't suppose over Ihe course of the last ihrcc years--wilh the exception of kindergartens--there's been more mail to members of Ihis House than on this one issue," Otter said. "I doubt whether there's been more lobbying." He said if the House is sitting as a representative and responsive body the issue should be discussed openly on Ihc floor. "The lawyers have a saying: When you have a good case you talk about the fact of the case and when you don'l have a good case you talk about Ihe law," Oiler said. funded under the school foundation program. Floor sponsor Norma Dobler, D- Mbscovr, said Hie measure allows for a great deal of flexibility lo tailor programs lo each district. Rep. Kitty Gurnsey, R-Boise, a cosponsor of (he proposal, said one of the first things children learn in kindergarten is to listen. "If more members of this body had been in kindergartens, 20,30 or 40 years ago we wouldn't have Ihis problem." Mrs. Gurnsey said. Rep. John Reardon, R-Boise, said thai by 1980 there will be nearly twice as many teachers as there jobs in leaching. "I wonder if Ihis has anything lo do wilh the desire to establish kindergartens," Reardon said. "Our problems are not ivith the babies," Reardon said. "Our problems are wilh the leenagcrs. Our problems are with Ihe lilerary cripples who go into liberal arts education." "Idaho can far better occupy itself wilh the problems of older students by giving them a teller rounded-education," he said. Rep. Lyman G. Winchester, R-Kuna, said (he measure would be harmful lo school districts with burgeoning student populations and overcrowded facilities. Money spent on kindergartens would be taken from their programs, he said. Later he made Ihe unsuccessful move to put the bill into committee of the whole for Ihe enrichment amendment. Rep. Lesler Clemm, D-Troy, said Ihe bill amounts to "lax relief" for districts already funding kindergartens wilh local funds. Referring to an earlier debate on slate employe pay increases, Rep. Ralph Wheeler, R-American Falls, said, "We hurt slate employes a little bil loday." "Maybe we can hurl teachers and fund kindergartens," Wheeler said, adding that is the way leachers want il. Bui Rep. Wayne Tibbitts, R-Lorenzo, countered (hat the first obligation of Ihe legislature is lo fund elementary and secondary education. He also argued thai "we are not doing juslice lo vocational educalkm." Rep. Palricia McDermoll, D-Pocalello, said the bill extends the kindergarten privilege to the middle as well as the poor and rich classes -- a middle class "whose children are being discriminated against." While House. John N. Milchell, Ihe butldog-jowled former attorney general tvho had masterminded Uichard Nixon's 1968 election bul who apparently grossly misjudged Ihe challenge the Democrats would be able to muster in 1972. H.R. "Bob" Haldeman, Richard Nixon's self-proclaimed "S.O.B.," who built such a protective fortress around (he Oval Office lhal even Nixon Cabinet members called it "The Berlin Wall." John D. Elirlichm.'in, square-jawed, defiant, sharp-longued domestic adviser under Nixon, now silent as he slared at Sirica. Robert C. Mardian, former deputy attorney general under Mitchell, whose function al (he re-eleclion committee had been lo Iry lo explain away Watergate and .whose wife had spewed a Bronx cheer at Sirica the day her husband was convicted. Sirica st.iried (tie proceeding promplly at 9:30 a.m. .telling each defendant and his lawyer they had an opportunity to make a 'statement prior lo sentencing. Nine minutes after the proceeding had begun, Haldeman's lawyer John Wilson began pleading for his client. For 17 minulcs lie spoke to his old friend and adversary, contending Ihat Haldeman should not be confined behind bars while his old toss Nixon sal in Ihe Southern California sun. Wilson concluded wilh a smile and said, "This may be my swan song." To Sirica, he said, "bul for the grace of God 1 might be sitting where you are today." Sirica began reading al 10:14 a.m. "1 have given careful and serious thought to what (be proper senlence should be," he said. "1 usually consider Ihe purpose (o be served by a particular sentence." He had considered, he said, protection of society, punishment, rehabilitation and the "delerrant effect on olhers." Milchell. pale and lired, walked away talking wilh his lawyer and showed no emotion. Haldeman look il without expression. Erhlichman was grim. Mardian listened wilh hands clasped behind his . back. All have said (hey would appeal. Then Sirica left Ihe bench, Walergale at last behind him. psychiatrist. Through their attorneys, Ehrlichman offered to waive his righl of appeal in exchange for an "allernati-.e sentence" of doing legal research for a group of Pueblo Indians in N'cv. Mexico and Haldeman pleaded for a sentence no worse than Nixon's. Sirica replied lhal he had given "careful and serious though! to what Ihe proper senlence should be" and considered "Ihe delerrenl effect on others." "Whatever Bob Haldeman did. sci did Richard Nixon." Haldeman's allorney, John J. Wilson said. "Bui Nixon is free and Haldcman has faced Ihe agony of a trial. "Yours is not unlike the power of par- don,"hesaid. "Bob Haldcman stands here facing Ihe possibility of suffering far more lhan Richard Nixon will ever suffer." Ehrlidiman's ne\v lawyer. Ira Lowe, said his client would waive his righl lo appeal if he were given a "alternative senlence" of doing legal research for a group of Pueblo Indians in New Mexico. Lowe said thai Rhrlichman had been in conlacl wilh a Pueblo chief who fell there was a critical need in Ihc remote area of the Southwest for someone wilh a law background to research Ihe 8,000-member Iribe's land lilies. Lowe read to the court par! of a statement by Ehrlichman which noled he had been earlier convicted of violating the civil rights of Dr. Daniel Ellsbcrg's psychiatrist. "I'm convicted of violating an individual's civil rights," Ehrlichman said in Ihe slatemcnt. "Their (Ihe Indians') rights are in question every day. "I truly would like to do that rehabilitation myself." Ehrlichman said. "If I do it myself 1 will be infinitely heller for il." Milchell. Haldeman and Ehrlichman each were given concurrent 20-month lo five year sentences for obstruction of juslice and conspiracy. In addition, they were given consecutive sentences of 10- monlhs to three years on charges of either lying lo Watergate investigators, or perjury. "It is Ihe intention of the court lhal each shall serve from 30 months lo eight years in prison," Sirica said. Inside T h e F e d e r a l C o m m u n i c a t i o n s Commission wants a law enacted barring obscene and indecent material from television. Page 5. A Caldwell surgeon will leave that city March I for a two-year stay al Ihe King Faisal Specialists Hospital, a facility operated by Hospital Cor- notation ol America lor Ihe Saudi government at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Page 3. Nampa and Meridian took first round win in the District A-1 basketball tourney rn Boise Thursday night. Nampa plays Capital tonight, and Meridian meets Borah. Page 14. Hansen opponents face federal charge BOISE I UPI I - The U.S. Allorney has filed charges against Mel Morgan, Pocalello, and Rose-Marie Bowman, Boise, of conspiring lo obtain by false pretense consumer credit reports on George Hansen during the 197-1 congressional campaign. The information filed in Federal District Court by U.S. Attorney Sidney E. Smith said Mrs. Bowman called Morgan Aug. 10 and asked him to obtain the information. Morgan, a Pocatello jeweler, also is the treasurer for the state Democratic party. The government charges thai the Iwo sought the credil information hoping il would reveal information on Hansen's campaign financing. Morgan is accused of using his position as a member of (he Pocatello Credil Associalion to obtain Ihe report then deliver il to Congressman Orval Hansen, R-Idaho, who was defeated by George Hansen in Ihe Republican primary. Mrs. Bowman is charged wilh aiding and abetting in Ihe conspiracy. The charges are misdemeanors. Arraignment- for Morgan is scheduled tentatively for Monday in Pocatello. No dale for arraigning Mrs. Bowman has been set. George Hanr.cn has filed a civil action suit against Morgan and Mrs. Bowman seeking $4 million in general damages and punitive compensation. The civil suit alleges Hansen's civil rights were violated. Mrs. Bowman is (he executive director for the Association of the Humanities in Idaho, a federally-funded project. Symms scorches liberals WASHINGTON (UPI) - Rep. Steve Symms, R-Idaho, says his fellow Congressman George Hansen's real crime wasn'l violating Ihe federal campaign laws, bul being a conservalive in liberal Washington. Hansen, also an Idaho Republican, pleaded guilly (his week to two misdemeanor charges of violating the Federal Campaign Financing Act. Symms said the action was nothing more than political harassment and news bias. He compared the violation lo a parking lickel. Symms said Thursday that a large number of congressmen were unable to meet all the complex rules and filing times required by (he federal law. "I think it's high time the people wake up lo the fact Ihat we have a serious double standard," said Symms. "Real corruption and immorality is ignored, but a man who is a few days late filing a reporl makes national headlines. "The truih is that Congressman George Hansen's most serious crime is that he-is a man of high principle with a conservative philosophy," said Symms. Inflation pace begins to sag WASHINGTON (UPI) - The cosl of living edged up 0.6 per cent in January, its smallest increase since lasl April, the Labor Department reported loday. Price drops on clolhing, new cars, beef and home mortgage interest rales helped the inflationary slowdown. The government's Consumer Price Index hi 1156.1 last month, meaning goods thai cost $100 in 1967 now cost $156.10. Seasonally adjusted, the 0.6 was the smallest monthly rise since April. The index has been advancing at a slower rate each month since September and, coupled with Iwo consecutive monthly declines in wholesale prices, Ihe figures indicate steady progress against inflation. There were some sharp price hikes, however, al (he retail level las! month. The cost of medical care, utilities and new houses plus fresh fruit, vegetable and bakery prices all increased for the month. The CP1 measures retail price changes in about 400 items nationwide and is the mosi closely watched barometer o! changes in the cost of living. Here are highlights from the January report: -- The fourth consecutive monthly drop in beef prices plus a falloff in sugar prices were offsel by increases for cereal, bread olher bakery products, soft drinks and candy bars. The result was a 0,8 per cent rise in grocery prices and reslauranl meals, slightly higher than a monlh earlier. --Clearance sales on men's and women's clothing and Ihe highly- publicized rebate offers on new cars helped hold the non-food commodity component of CPI lo a 0.6 per cent rise, compared lo 0.4 per cent in December! Used car, lire and furniture prices all moved down but (here were gains for gasoline, appliances, (ailelries. drues and lobacco producls. · -The cosl of services, traditionally Ihe mosi stable sector of the CPI. rose 08 ner cent wilh half the increase slenWng frfm higher charges for hospilal service? natural gas, electricity, water and «werage. But mortgage interest rales an S auto insurance premiums both fell Consumer prices now have risen n 7 »r cent in the past 12 months. ^ With seasonal faclors discounted retail pr^fs rose 0,5 per cent in J prices wcnl up 0.7 per cent no Inmost in non-food prices

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