Tribune Editorial Page Opinion - Analysis - Interpretation Mon.. March 15.1976 Page 4 Pause and Ponder Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; and let him return unto the Lord, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God. for he will abundantly pardon. --Isaiah 55:7 Â· Treaty on use of seas urgent The third session of the Third United Nations Conference on Law of the Seas opened in Nesv York City Monday with representatives from HO nations. Between now and. May 17 the delegates will attempt to do what other similar meetings since 1958 have failed to do: Approve a treaty governing the use of the seas and the valuable food and mineral resources in their depths. Comparatively little attention may be paid to these meetings. The outcome of the sessions, however, could have important effects on the economies of the maritime nations and the existence of peace among these nations. Lack of such a treaty has resulted in a proliferation of unilateral claims by the maritime nations as to the extent of the sovereignty they exercise over the seas. These individual decisions have repudiated the traditional three-mile limit and extended sovereignty to 200 miles. One result has been an eruption of conflicts among nations. Over 200 U.S. tuna boats were seized after Ecuador and Peru asserted jurisdiction over all waters 200 miles off their coastlines. Another has been the British-Icelandic "cod war," caused by Britain's refusal to accept Iceland's extension of its territorial waters to 200 miles. The "war" has brought about clashes between British trawlers and Icelandic gunboats and the breaking off of diplomatic relations between the two countries. Fishing is economically important to both nations. Meantime, the U.S. Congress has been preparing to declare a 200-mile fishing zone unilaterally. Legislation is now in conference to work out differences between the House and Senate bills. Legislation on the 200-mile limit passed by wide margins in both chambers and will go into effect in the absence of a law of the sea acceptable to the U.S. . The proposed U.N. treaty would sanction a 200- mile economic zone, in which costal countries would have control of all marine resources, and a 12-mile t e r r i t o r i a l offshore limit of full sovereignty. The treaty has the earmarks of a satisfactory solution and failure by this conference ( 0 adopt it could be disastrous. Since the early 1960s, large automated trawlers from the Soviet Union and other maritime nations have severely depleted Atlantic populations of haddock, herring and yellow flounder. U.S. experts believe it may take as long as 15 years to regenerate the stock 01 Pacific Coasl halibut. Foreign fishing fleets would not be barred within the 200-mile limit but would need licenses to operate within the zone, and Iheir catches would he restricted. This would solve the Icelandic-British dispute, perhaps even amicably if Iceland would agree to allow some Brilisli trawlers to operate within the 200-mile zone. Britain now recognizes the 12-mile limit and has reduced its catches in Icelandic waters. The economic stakes in the competition for fish are high. Exclusion of British trawlers from Icelandic waters, for instance, would idle 20,000 fishermen and related shore-based workers. Left to lake its own course, this competition could eventually lead to a serious diplomatic incident. Trouble in the communes By KOSCOE DHUMMOND n m . D K K X OK T I I K COUN- TKIU'ULTUHE. How are (hey doing? They are doing very badly for themselves and for their parents. The authors of the grim and revealing book, "Children of (he Counterculture," who visited the dwindling communes" across Ihe country, are objective in presenting what they found and sympathetic in their appraisal. John Rothchild and Susan Burns Wolf, who were once a part of the movement and therefore had friendly access lo commune life, disclose that the upbringing of the counterculture or subculture children is more dictatorial, disdainful and neglectful than anything fhpsp ynnnp rirnpout narpnls rlaimort against their parents. The portrait of these children is one of almost i n h u m a n neglect. They are uneducated, disoriented, disorganized and disturbed. They become aimless and there is little joy. DID CONCKKSS G1VK ANGOLA TO THE RUSSIANS? Reliable intelligence shows tliat the Soviets discontinued Ihe Dateline 1776 By United I'rrss International N E W A R K , N.J., March 15 -- Local authorities imposed price ceilings on imports from the West Indies, allowing for transportation costs, waste in shipping and a reasonable profit. Violators were warned they would be shunned and lose any protection of their persons and property. flow of military aid into Angola when the Fnrri Administration bepnn ils conn- tcrmoves and resumed aid immediately after Congress slopped the President's actions. GOOD NEWS: THE ECONOMISTS A K E WRONG. The experts outside the government have long been repeating their theme that recovery would be slow, sluggish and l o n g - d e l a y e d . It i s n ' t working out lhat way. We arc now witnessing a solid advance. The evidence; 1 -- January's strong rise in industrial production (better than H per cent) a(- lests to steady recovery 2 - U n e m p l o y m e n t last m o n t h dropped lo (he lowest level in H months ~- 7 t\ nor rpnl ;i - Priori have been declining for four consecutive months, dropped 0.5 per cent in February. -1 Employment expansion, together with a continuing lengthening of Ihe average workweek, is producing higher consumer incomes. Falling wholesale prices, rising employment, mounting production -- the sum of il is that Ihe recession and inflation are receding simultaneously. M O S C O W - P E K I N G K I V A L K Y I N - TENSIFIES. There is growing conflict between them for spheres of influence in Indochina. With Ihe victory of the Khmer Rouge. Cambodia as well as Laos and V i e t n a m a r e a l l under C o m m u n i s t control. Laos and Norlh Vietnam are dependent on Ihe Soviet Union for economic survival but Cambodia is turning lo China and is pointedly ignoring the U.S.S.K. NO HECKSSION IN WORLD'S AHMS BUDGETS. They arc going up continuously. In ia7-l. 132 nations pul $271) billion of Ihcir resources into munitions. Hy Ihe end of IMS I IIP figure had risen to nearly S:iOO billion. The cost of the world's existing stockpile of weapons is more than twice the value of the capital equipment and stniclurc of all manufacturing industry in the U.S. Anyone for disarmament? (c) 1!I7G, Los Angeles Times Greeley Daily Tribune The Greeley Republican Published every wcrk dar evening Monday Tribune.Republican Publishing Co. Office, 714 C!h SI., Grcilty, Ccls.. B043). Phone JJ: Clll. Member of the Associated Press, United Press International, Los Angeles Times Syndicate features, Colorado Press Assn., Inland Daily Press Assn., Audit Bureau of Circulations. Issued to the Tribune-Republican Pub- fishing Co. by Greeley Typo- , s j,..., graphical Union No. 586. ' By Jim Brigga So this is Greeley AGGIE SAYS -- In the matter of candidates, the people desire a statesman and the politicians desire a winner.. STEVENSON'S WIT AND HUMOR -Speaking of politicians, one of the greatest in my estimation, was Adlai Stevenson who was snake-bit when it came to running for President. I'm thinking back to Election Night, November, 1952, when I was down at the Albany Hotel in Denver whooping it up with a bunch of the boys, when Stevenson came on the electronic device to concede the election. I always thought his "little boy who had stubbed his toe" remark was original, but not according to a little book I recently acquired entitled "The Wit and Humor of Adlai Stevenson." In the honk, Stevenson said upon losing the 1952 Presidential election: " . . . Someone asked me, as I came in down on the street, how I felt. I was reminded ol a story that a fellow townsman of ours used to tell -Abraham Lincoln. They asked how he felt once after an unsuccessful rlcrli.in lip snirl hr fplt like R llttlp boy who had stubbed his toe in the dark; that he was too old to cry, but hurt too much In laugh." + + + Here are a few of Stevenson's classics^ as compiled in the book: Speaking to a television audience after his first unsuccessful Presidential campaign, Dec. 13, 1952: "A funny thing happened to me on the way to the White House ..." A r r i v i n g late for a speech, .Stevenson explained that he had been held up by a military parade and sakl: "Military heroes are always getting in my way." Replying to the question whether he, as a boy. ever thought that he might end up running for President: "Yes, but I dismissed it as a normal risk that any red-blooded American boy has to take." On "Face the Nation," July 10, 1960: "The Presidency is an office that 'converts vanity to prayer.' " Replying to Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' announcement that the United States would retaliate with nuclear weapons in the event of a communist attack, March 7, 1954: "It has been presented to us as a program of more for our money -- national security in the large economy size package - 'a bigger bang for a buck.' " Speaking to Oregon newspapermen at a luncheon Sept. 8,1952: "It would seem that the overwhelming majority of the press is against Democrats. And it is against Democrats, so far as I can see, not after a sober and considered review of the alternatives, but automatically, as dogs are against cats. As soon as a newspaper -1 speak of the great majority, not of the enlightened 10 per cent -- sees a Democratic candidate it is filled with an unconquerable yen to chase him up an alley." At an awards dinner In Washington, D. C., Dec. 7, 1962: "I'm convinced that most of the press of this country follow Joseph Pulitzer's admonition: his remark that accuracy is In a newspaper what virtue is to a lady. Except, as someone pointed out, a newspaper can always print a retraction." Rotarians, on one occasion, experienced some difficulty in obtaining Stevenson as a speaker at their national convention. But they did finally succeed, and he referred to their difficulty at Rotary International, Atlantic City, June 1, 1965: "I'm reminded of the preacher who told me he was much concerned about the reputation of a certain woman in his congregation, and he said to her one Sunday after the service, 'Madam, 1 prayed for you last night for three hours.' And she said, 'Well, Reverend, you needn't have gone to all tint trouble. If you'd have just telephoned, I'd have come right over.' " + + + TODAY'S GREETING CARD -- Hi there, Harry Cameron, hope your day is going well. Happy birthday, come St. Patrick's Day in the mornin.' + + + LUCY'S CALL -- Lucy called to say she had a sort of a story about polities' to tell, too. It's about a local bum who decided he would become a candidate for sheriff in his small rural county, lie set out to visit every farm in the county, making pencil notations of the result of each visit. At one farm house he was greeted by a blazing tirade from a woman. "You good-for-nothing," she cried wielding a broom, "get out of here. Vote for you? You ain't fit to walk the streets, let alone hold public office!" The candidate beat a hasty retreat to the road. Then, taking out his notebook, he found the woman's name. Opposite it he wrote "Doubtful." 'Peace through Strength' sounds mawkish, not hawkish Bj MAX L K H N K H N K W YORK CITY - When he announced, understandably, lhat he was dropping "detente" from his vocabulary, Prncirlpnt Fnrrl was in "ffpr-l wincing "Ain'l goin' to be no detente no more." Hul his replacement -- "Peace through Strength" -- sounds mawkish, although he intended il to be more Hawkish. I don't happen to like Ihose neat squarings of a verbal circle. Resides, the phrase reminds me uncomfortably of Ihe Nazi youth slogan, "Kraft durch Frcude": Strength through Joy. Why don't all the candidates, liberal and conservative alike, tell Congress -and especially the Senate Democratic majority -- lhat we can't have peace by disarming our allies and isolating ourselves from a stormy world? Obviously we want peace, but (he way to get it is 'hrnuyh nn i!lu?i n n!o?Â£ nnd plain spoken toughminderlness -- toward the Soviet camp, the Arab camp, the Third World camp. We can have peace only if we approach the global power struggles of our lime wilhoul illusions. + + + It is a cruel fact of history that the people who keep talking about war -- a n d only war -- generally get il, while the people who keep talking about peace don't gel il. if that's all they do. One must (alk and t h i n k about peace, but act with a confident firmness when battered by global political and economic wars. I published a book in I9G2, "The Age of Overkill," which I subtitled "A Grammar of World Politics." I looked at it again recently, and I am almost sorry lo say lhat most of it still holds up. I say "sorry" because my two themes were that only a measure of world morality Will human liberty go to 1984? [ J y . J K N K J X LLOYD JONES In 19-19 when George Orwell wrote "19H4" he not only forecast the complete t r i u m p h of d i c t a t o r s h i p over a l l humankind in 35 years but he spelled out some of the techniques by which he thought this would be accomplished. One was "newspcak," a reversal of ordinary semantics, incessantly dinned into Ihe oars of citizens by ubiquitous loudspeakers u n t i l , brainwashed and M^mcn/pd. ihi-y really believed lhat war was peace, freedom was slavery and "Fiitf Brother" was their friend and prolectnr. Orwell ' K r i r A r t h u r Plain rliH 'he nexl yrar. dismissed generally as a hyperbolic Jeremiah, but recent events have raised .some questions as lo whether h u m a n l i b e r t y will make it lo 1984. The loudspeakers, with which the K r e m l i n had been experimenting in a MI..11; ,',,i\' -A]Mt Orwell lived, have, (if ':ou:V'. been brought lo high-decibel perfection in Mao's China. H u t the fines! exposition of ncwspeak li.i.-Â»(.ii]iif i ' l i m Jirhk from (lie Minis!rj of I n f o r m a t i o n and Culture of lh? Libyan Arab Republics dedicated, and I quote. "In the \arne of C-od. the Most Gracious and Most Compassionate." The pamphlet stales lhat Ihe "Popular Revolution" of April 15, 197;*, has turned away from "fragile practices" and is bent on producing "radical change for Man and through him." The popular revolution, it explains, is rooted in the masses, governing through "Popular committees," and Ihus has the legitimacy of "genuine democracy." The first job, of course, was "lo eradicate old htihils and behavior which handicap any new upsurge." This meant the sweeping away of "all reactionary laws" serving the ir.'eresls nf (lip explnilinu class, and [niryinu society of ils "social diseases." Social disease-carriers a r e persons w i t h "negative and passive attitudes which obstruct change and construction." "These," it says here, "are parasites because they refuse to contribute in developing ihcir country afii'icu!!!;rally and industrially and do not lake p;irl in e d u c a t i o n a l or h e a l t h p r o j e c t s . sometimes (hoy pretext thai the loc.ilion of field work is far ciwny from t h e i r plpce of residence. "Such obstructionists nnd deviationists weaken the people's w i l l in progress: they also ofli-n resort to spreading rumors or poison the social trend of living through importing Western-slyle behavior." Having given these deviationists three years in which t o r e l o r m . a n d to no avail, my pamphlet says (hey must be purged. "They are undoubtedly menially sick and must be discarded from society." There is some vagueness about what "discarded" means. "The revolution," the Ministry of Informnlion and Culture assures us, "believes in the freedom of speech, (he freedom of thought and the freedom of uiiislriiclivL 1 criticism. "However, such beliefs are misinterpreted by the mentally sick who spare no effort lo deform them. They conceive freedom along the lines lhat were in practice during the defunct regime, that is freedom of Ihe minority, a privilege lo which tlif mnjnrily hnvo no across " To stop i n f i l t r a t i o n of "reactionary and A u s p i c i o u s l l m i i g h l s i m p o r t e d f r o m abroad, books had In ho burned because lliiw nppiNpfl our revolutionary trend." And here comes God: "Thr popular revolution is an Islamic call If we refer to certain verses in the Holy Koran we shall find that God always addresses himself to the masses . . . Popular revolution could be considered an application of God's teachings." In recapitulation: The revolution is Allah's handiwork because he addressed Himself to Ihe masses and the masses are the revolution. There can be no minority rights, for the masses are a majority and hence could not share in such rights. Revisionists are mentally sick and must be discarded. Freedom of speech and thought are believed in provided Ihey^offcr what the state believes is constructive criticism. Government is of the people because the people appoint Popular Committees. And here, on Page 35, is the w h a m m y : "The R e v o l u t i o n a r y Command Council, being the supreme popular c o m m i t t e e t h a t leads the Popular Revolution, is authorized to dismiss any member rÂ»f any Popular Committee or even to dissolve altogether any Popular Committee." Nineteen eighty-four is just eight years away. (c) l!)7fi, Los Angolos Times and law could prevent a suicidal nuclear war, but also that the Soviet continuance of an expansionist political warfare makes such a global consensus highly unlikely A f t e r some IS years, and after the presumed thawing out of the cold war, that is still (he situation. The world has been swept by revolutions of every sort, but its inner nature hasn't changed much. The Democrats will fool themselves if (hey think lhat the foreign policy issue is only one between the Republican contenders. Whatever happens finally in the Reagan-Ford contest, the Democratic primaries have also been saying something worth listening to. If this is the year of the moderates, as I have been insisting, it is not the year when a Dcmocralic candidalc for any national post will parade the vote he cast against a r m i n g the hapless Angolan a n t i Communist fronts. The swing of the people away from the post-Vietnam and post-Watergate left toward the center is a swing not only on domestic issues but on arms and foreign policy as well. That is the meaning of the deflation of Ihe term "detente." Americans, like any other people, don't like to feel that they have been had, either by (he Soviets or by their own officials. Ronald Reagan, in order to shore up his strength, uses the Kennedy-like "muscle gap" as his argument of last resort. One of Gerald Ford's and Henry Kissinger's worst blunders was the slippery way they forced James Schlesinger out as secretary of defense: II is a blunder that is coming home to roost in the widespread malaise of the people about the charges of Soviet military superiority. It also shows itself in an Israel which wonders about its fate if America follows Ihe logic of the blunder about Schlesinger as well as the Angolan copout. The Angolan episode was a blunder of the Senate Democratic liberals more than of the Administration. We are watching ils consequences now in a Soviet leadership which paraded ils Iriumph at its last party congress. We are watching its consequences also in an Africa moving closer to a bloody racial civil war + + + It would be tragic if we took out our frustrations aboul all of this by a renewal of 'he cold war or by a heating up of anil- Soviet feeling. The problem is not Soviet policy. That policy is what it is, and what the Soviet leaders feel they can get away with. The problem lies in the ten- dermindedness of A m e r i c a n policy, especially in Congress. An article in this month's Commentary, by Peter Berger, speaks of the innocent "greening" of the American intellectual and business establishments on foreign policy. The businessmen want profits out of Soviet contracts. The intellectuals get some kind of high moralistic kick out of disarming America's allies and potential allies. The combination of a materialist realism and a phony moral ism can be p a r a l y z i n g . No wonder the Senate Democrats get caught in Iheir current tender I rap, of an illusioned instead of an illusion less peace. ( c ) 1976, Los Angeles Times TOPAY YOU uve Today In History By The Associated Press Today is Monday, March 15, the 75th day of 1976. There are 291 days left in the year, Today's highlight in history: On Ihis date in 44 B.C., the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar was assassinated in the senate building in Rome. On this dale: In 1603, the French navigator and explorer Samuel dc Champlain sailed for the New World. In 1767, the seventh American president, Andrew Jackson, was born. In 1820, Maine entered the Union as the 23rd state. In IB74, France assumed a protectorate over the central Indochina region of Annam, which had been under Chinese ronlrol. In 1916, an American force under General John Pershing was ordered into Mexico to capture Ihe revolutionary Mexican leader Pancho Villa. In 1943, during the Pacific War, Japanese planes raided the Australian city of Darwin. Ten years ago: President Lyndon Johnson signed a bill authorizing nearly $5 billion dollars more to support the war in Vietnam. Five years ago: U.S. and Soviet envoys met in Vienna, Austria, for the fourth round of the SALT strategic arms limitation talks. One year ago: The Greek shipping magnate and husband of the former Jacqueline Kennedy, Aristotle Onnssis, died In Paris at age 69. Today's birthdays: Singer Eddy Arnold is 58. Actor George Brent is 72. Thought for today: Habit, if not resisted, soon becomes a necessity St. Augustine, 354-430 A.D.
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