Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico on February 27, 1945 · Page 1
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Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico · Page 1

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Las Cruces, New Mexico
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Tuesday, February 27, 1945
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LasCr MAY SHE FLY OVER TOKYO jn TMt 8O*T*unsHint)Bffi,t *) uufemvtrofucf au stounr Narsfwe stAvua THE WEATHER Forecast: Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday; warmer Wednesday. Last 4 Hour* Hllh Ltw Las Cruces 60 25 State College 58 17 · Jornado Range 65 15 Vol. 64--No. 280 ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE LAS CRUCES, NEW MEXICO. TUESDAY AFTERNOON FEBRUARY 27, 1945 ASSOCIATED PRESS PHOTOS PRICE THREE CENTS YANKS CRACK NAZI DEFENSES BEFORE RHINE MacArthur Restores Civil Rule in Philippines FIRE SIREN TO-SIGNAL START OF RED CROSS DRIVE THURSDAY NIGHT The city's fire siren, blowing promptly at 7 p, m. Thursday, will signal the start of the Red Cross' drive for this year's war fund in Las Cruces, Chairman Thos. J. Graham of the Dona Ana county chapter told block workers assembled in Branignn Memorial auditorium last night. The siren will blow again at 8, signalling the end of the drive, Mr. Graham added. An estimated 150, of the 170 I volunteer solicitors, attended last night's meeting, got the literature they are to use in their solicitations and obtained answers to their last-minute questions. Workers were asked not to start their solicitation until the siren blows at 7; for, as Mr. Graham explained, Red Cross executives don't want to "pester" prospective givers longer than is necessary and they hope to establish a record by raising Las Cruces' entire quota of $10,500 in a single hour. "You won't have to do much 'selling," Mr. Graham assured solicitors; "Cruces folks already are pretty well 'sold' on the Red Cross. I think. They know what the organization is doing for men In the services, both at home and on overseas battlefronts, and they're going to want to give." The national Red Cross, the chairman added, is not asking :'or an increased quota from Dona Ana county this year; the increase in the county's budget, over last (Continued on page 4) By WALLACE PE1*KY ; Nearly 40 bills ddaling ':. jvith' teachers, the public schools; ecTupa- , tionar.institutiona.ancJ retirement plans have been introduced in the 17th legislature, reflecting the continued-popularity of these sub- jects'among lawmakers over the years, the Associated. Press reports in' a survey of the subjects. T » * . · fhiB year, the AP reports in outlining its -survey,- the teacher tenure act-and its system of teacher contracts came to the fore, accounting for several bills, including one which would repeal the existing act. Reorganization of the existing t county school system in varying manners, one of which is recommended by the New Mexico Educational Assn, was proposed in other bills. A constitutional amendment (HJR 6) was proposed to abolish the state school superintendent's · office and substitute a commissioner of education named by the state board of education. 1 Bills were introduced to establish a $1,200 minimum salary for public school teachers; to require every high school in the state to teach Spanish; to use money from the public common school funds to equalize the salaries of academic and vocational teachers in denominational schools with those of public school teachers; to write . into the law barring legislators from state jobs an exemption for employes of the public schools or educational institutions; to prohibit any school board from hiring tiny two members of the same family as teachers; to prohibit the unauthorized deduction of educational association dues or teachers' magazine subscriptions from a teacher's pay; to exempt state educational institutions from ' the 1943 purchasing agent net; to provide for voluntary religious instruction in the public schools for not more than two hours a week: and raise the pny of county school superintendents. * + * The N AY E A-sponsored rovi.' of the county school organization, introduced by Rep. J. V. Boyd of Las Crui'cF, contemplates the election of rural school boards, which · would name a r u r a l school superintendent. This official now is elected by the people and rmmt boards are mimed by district judges. A d i f f e r e n t reorganization was advocated by bills introduced in both houses. They proposed th( appointment of county srhno boards by ·! commission ^omnoset of the state achon! superintendent . the slate sHiool budget auditor nm the district ludge serving thi county involved. One HUM sure designed to civ more power to the state board o · education would nutVmri/e if. t make ami r-iforro all needful rulrs reputations r.iiii decisions rt*-spect inp tho p-ripriil font ml and open lion of nil schools in tho state, One would csliiMiJih i seven member hoard named by the govor k nor to rnordinftU- the state edurn . lional Institutions' appropriation nnd proRrnnis and avoid dupltoa tlon of ociurMlonal departments The- proposrd art would not cove (Continued on page 4 ( ost Commander )f Spanish Vets )ies in Hospital Jas. P. McElherron, com- nander of the John H. Bonley camp' of United Spanish War Veterans and junior vice- ommander of the receritly- rganized Ray McCorkle post f the Veterans of Foreign Wars, died Monday in the U. S. veterans' hospital at Albu- juerque, friends here learned He had been in the hospital or the past three weeks) 'fol- owihg a heart attack suffered lere. , · Vlfe,"Hli to Got Body Mrs"'McEiherron, who.had been ack afthelr old home in Berkeley Calif., for several months^-return- d there because she was suffering rom heart trouble--arrived n Las Cruces this morning to get her lusbsnd's effects; she expected to eave on the midnight train for Albuquerque, to accompany the dy to San Bruno ?or burial. Mr. McCelherron was in In- tructor In Mechanics at AM col- ege. He was elected commander of Spanish war veterans at last year's ·lections, junior vice-commander it the new VFW post at the time jf its organization. Dennlo Commands Two Posts As a result of Mr. McElherron',1 Icath, Paul Dennie, senior vice- ommander, automatically becomes ommander of the local post of Spanish war veterans; and, as a esult of that automatic promo- ion, Mr. Dennie now Is commander jf two veterans' organizations Here since the new Ray McCorkle ·mat of the VFW elected him its irst commander. GPA to Protest Funds Transier rejuvenated Las Cruces jranch of the Gume Protective Assn.-- called to meet at Branigan Memorial auditorium tomorrow evening-- will protest proposed .ransfers of New Mexico wild-life 'und.s to state departments other :han the game department, Jess Williams, long active In the GPA icre, revealed today. J. A. Griffin, last active president of the local association, had just called tomorrow night's meet- Ing. -- It's to open at 7:30, Mr. G r i f f i n said. Both Griffin nnd Williams said that, while protest against -*he proposed fund transfer is to be Facing Induction. Youth Makes Two Trips to L.C. Altar Facing induction into the armed services at Ft. Bliss today and determined to be a married man when he became a soldier, Salvador Florez, 19-year-old Garfield youth, made .two trips to-the altar'In Las Cruces last night ' before he accomplished his wish, County Clerk* Adela Gorizales revealed today. ,' With Amelia Castrfjlb, 17, oa his· bride-to-be): he'reached the clerk's office first about 6 p. m. hut, discovering' that,,j3ince, both are minors, they'd* have to haVe the consent of. the parentS;'of both, the couple drove bacKrto Garfield,, -got Amelia's father- and Salvador's mother and ^returned to Cruces, arriving at midnight. Another obstacle'then-arosef neither could write. Both made their marks, however; the license was granted and Peace Justice Bennle Chavez performed the marriage ceremony. the principal business, the local GPA also will be revived, new officers elected. The organization has been inactive several years. A fight agnlnst a legislative proposal to s h i f t J.'iOO.OOO in GPA funds to other state departments his sprend. in recent weeks, to virtually nil parts of New Mexico, ;ireas dispatches revtfal. Indian Dance to Observe Curfew PE.NDLKTON. Ore.. Feb. 27 l*l · Tho (jrrat white f n t h c r ' N curfew has reached the Kedmen of the Umiitilln. Cayuse nnd Walla Walla IrlVs. Chief Jim Kanlne has ordered U.S. Sidetracks Frontiers Plan CHAPULTEFEC C A S T L E Mexico, Feb. 27--UP»--The United States sidestracked, at the last minute, today a committee recommendation for an Inter-American treaty guaranteeing hemisphere frontiers and prvolding for the use of force against aggression. Would Expand Monroe Doctrine In effect, it wc-uld be an expansion of the Monroe Doctrine-long-time U. 3. policy--with all American nations united in its defense. Earlier. U. S, Assistant Secretary of State William S. Clayton assured the Latin American delegations that they will get their fair share of American machinery to industrialize themselves after the war. Clayton declared' that, it is in the self-interest -Of the United States to see Latin America develop itself economically and .·roundly. Trade Barriers to Go Down He told delegates the U. S. is committed to: 1. Removing all discrimination In trade. 2. Reducing tariffs and other trade barriers. ^ 8. Approval of tlio Bretton Wood* agreement. - 4. Usr- of international commodity aRrrt-mpnts where nmtt- sary to control "bimlrnsoine surpluses" "We recognize," he said, "that the most elaborate arrnnfi( for the preservation of peace will not long endure if economic faro ii to continue throughout the world in the way In which it -vas waged between tho two wond ·.vars." ''Battle of Frisco' Hero Is BO Tmlay ALHUQUERQUE. Feb. 27 *V Klfego Barn, who at 19 became the horo of the "Battle of Frisco" by standing nff 80 cowboys with hi* six cun.i. today celebrated his 80th b i r t h d a y , The vetci*an Now Mexico peace officer, who put aside his pistols for the practice of law in Soco Military Law Is Lifted in Manila; Grab New Island By JAMES HUTCHESON MANILA, Feb. 27 (AP) -Gen. Douglas MacArthur solemnly proclaimed Manila today the capital of restored civil government in the Philippines even as rifle fire against the last Japanese die-hards echoed over the war-ravaged city. While he spoke at shell-scarred Malacanan palace, his sol- diers'in a new island invasion 70 miles south of Manila pried open the shortest sea route through which to rush sup- olies from the United States. - Uftx Military Rule Gen. MacArthur, surrounded by men who fought with him in adversity at Bataan nnd Corregidor, told wildly cheering Filipinos he was., lifting military rule from liberate^' areas of .their commonwealth in favor ofi.Uie constituted government or President Sergio Osmeha. . . "Your country once again is at libert^ . to pursue · its destiny' tfl an honored position In the family of free nations," he said. ' ··· Manila was occupied unopposed by the Japanese .Tun. 2. 1942. , Eiriier ,4oday MacArthur. had dlsclSsed m a communique that soldiers Of , Maj. Gen. Frederick A. Irving's' 24th division landed Sunday on Tiny Verde island, midway.; In the 10-mile channel between Luzon' and Mlndoro Islands. Independence Thin Year? MacArthur, acting "on behalf of my government/' -restored civil rule and acclaimed Manila again the capital three days after his soldiers successfully concluded a In the city's three-week battle streets. President Osmenfl, accepting the responsibilities, immediately expressed the hope It might be possible for the Philippines to have complete Independence this year. He bitterly denounced the "Japanese bandits" and called MacArthur's drive a "crusade." Japs "Fix Own Fall" MacArthur, who declared Manila an open city near the outset of Uie war to spare it from damage, said "much that I sought to preserve has been unnecessarily destroyed" by the enemy recently. · "By theae actions, he has wantonly ^fixcd tho future pattern of that whnt the next big tribal dance Is he'd tn April tom-toms must be sile.nced at midnight. NEW OFFENSIVE HITS GERMANY FROM THE WEST ' ,American troops have, advanced in a new western front offensive aimed at Muenchen, Gladbach .arid'Cologne. .To the,north the Canadian first army whs ncaring Calcnr.' In the south -Americans edged into Trier and Saarbruecken. Cm'lhe eastern front Russians were pressing toward Goerlltz and were driving in ,the Guben-Fprst region. 'Other Red troops were' reported, breaking into' besieged Breslau. '(AP Wirephoto.Map); . ' SeesIsro Victory is Marines Take Strategic Hill By ELMONT WAITE U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Guam., Feb. 27 (£")--- Capture of Iwo Jima "in a few more days" was predicted today by Lt. Gen. Holland M. (Howlln 1 Mad) Smith after his marines won a critically important hill in the central plateau during a 400-yard advance through probably the heaviest fire of the bitter campaign. As American planes flew from Iwo's main airfield for the ftrat time, the top marine commander In the Pacific told newsmen that heavy fighting was ahead of the devlldogs on northern Iwo. Control Half the Island The general estimated that almost half of the five-mile-long island was In American hands at his own doom," he warned grimly. | the start of the second week of (Continued on page 2) j ^ flercest battle of ^ Padfic See Coal Crisis If Miners Strike WASHINGTON, Feb. 27 /P Bituminous operators met today to shape their policy toward .lohn L. Lewis' expected wage demands in an atmosphere tensed by the suggestion of a strike and predictions of a 50,000,000-ton coal de- ·"Iclt. The group or operators, representing -178 whosf* contracts .vith Lewis' United Mine Workers ox- pirc March 31. considered the 26 Executed (or Assassination of Spanish Falangists MADRID, Feb. 27--HPl-- Two Falangist officials have been assassinated and 26 Leftists ·have been executed to meet what the Madrid Falange regards as a challenge by the Spanish undargound on the left. "1 consider that progress is satisfactory," Gen. Smith naid. Tho j marine commander reported the i Yanks were becoming more battle- j wise "and casualties are relatively · smaller each day." | One Airfield In UNO i Motoynma airdrome No. I on (Continued on page 2) Carrier Planes Hike Jap Losses WASHINGTON, Feb. 27 (JP Carrier-based planes of the third and fifth fleets have destroyed union leader's move yesterday in j 1,610 Japanese planes and sunk serving notice under the S m i t h - ' 187 enemy vessels of all typos in operations since Dec. 1. A navy compilation announced Connally labor disputes act that '. a strike was possible In 30 days, j Both me operators and the i today include,! the two recent UMWA policy committee are pre- strikes against Tokyo. paring for negotiations which be( in addition, n naval spokesman gin Thursday. Meanwhile Interior 1 anid, 1,078 enemy plnnno nnd 402 Secretary j enemy flhlp. 1 ) were damaged at n Ickes said a 50.000,000-ton ronl j cos t of 178 American planes lost. There were no naval venae! com. hat tonsM In the ,)perntlonfl cover- deficit in Inescapable this year even with continued production if the war in Europe la.st.i through 1945. Consumer stocks, depleted by war, nro "dangerously low." hr cald. The bituminous industry, -:lowii to a new low of 31*5.000 men in its work force, fares the loa.s -i! anolhcr 30.000 men this year, lekcs nal.d Planes of Admiral Halticy'n third fleet rarrlcr forces destroyed or damaged 1,790 enemy plnncs during December and J u m i n r y , Including 314 whot flown. R2B destroyed on th« ground nnd flSn pro- bnbly destroyed or inmsgcd. During the flnmo two month* Halnoy's -cnrri rr forces unnk 188 ship* Including nil lypffl and 'l nqr.j another :!M. while losing 120 ASA WUTKR'S ¥ ATI IKK DIES Kunernl rites for W. C. Porter, 77, father of Asa Porter Win for- rro and Albuquerque, spent the | mcrly operate;] a farm neur Las dny quietly w i t h hln son George. . . . . « . - . an;l his daughter-in-law who cnme from Phoenix for the occasion. Crui'cs. were held in Kl Paiw '·»· terday, frlt-nd* of tho family here learned today. Tokyo Raid Nets 233 Jap Planes U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Guam, Feb. S7--W) -- Carrier planes of Vice Adm. Marc A. Mltscher's powerful forces destroyed or damaged 233 Japanese planes and probably sank 17 ertcmy vessels in their raid Sunday on Tokyo. \dtn. Chester W. Nimltz announced today. Sunday's sweep over Uie Nipponese capital was made through "extremely adverse weather," Nimitz said, nnd was followed Monday by an attack on Huchljo Jim;*, about 175 miles to Uie south. Nimltz eaid two light fleet units were damaged as the fleet retired. 'Nine American fighter planes were shot duwn but five pilots were saved. Nimltz listed 158 Jspuncse planes definitely destroy' 1 1, including 37 shot down in aerial combat. The raiders caught ninny pportMo planes on their airdromes, destroying 121 und damaging 175 others. , . . Principal . JajicI target waa the Nakajlma aircraft plant at OTA, now reported more than half damaged by repeated American lutnih- Ing raids. The American pilots did not have murn luck hunting for shipping. I r ive small enemy vessel were sunk. Five others and seven smaller craft were probably sunk. The carrier strike was 'ullnwed j by 200 raiding Superforls from j Marianas linnrs. Northern New Mexico Reports New Snowfall ALHUQUKKQUR. Feb. 27 '.T» Snow fell over New Mexico's '-en- tral mountain Rrcn cnriy today, but the (Jlntrlrl weather bureau reported little molaluro wo« Ravic- rcl th|TO or In other arena of the Reds Break Thru For 30-Mile Gain In Danzig Drive Dy RICHARD KASISCIIKR LONDON, Feb. 27 UPl--Tho Red army, breaking through for 30 miles In Pomernnla In a bid to slice Danzig and Gdynia from relch, has thrust to Bublltz and Rummelsburg, 28 and 36 miles from the Baltic, the German high command said today. A Berlin broadcast said the Soviets had forged even beyond Rum- melsburg on the military highway running 31 miles north to Stolp, a communications Junction 62 miles east of Danzig. The German communique said the RiiHHiana had thrown brldgu- hends over the Nclsse river 50 to fin miles southeast of Berlin. Init that these had been knocked buck. Nazi rc-porta of tank battles raping along tho Odor-Nelsse river .suggested tho first White RuBs and first Ukrainian nrnilea might Imvi* opened an offensive to top pie Berlin. The Germans located the Nelsm; bridgeheads between Guben and Forst, 51 and 07 nilleg southeast of tho capital, and uouthaiHt of Forst. Moscow remained silent on activities at this gate to Berlin, i German accounts placed Russian motorized Infantry in Pom- oranla 30 miles beyond their last positions In' the Baltic push. Moscow announced :uuluro of 15 more blocks of buildings In Breslau. plnnc.H in combnt. The nmiwrnll railed up to four "in~W fiwi"~Tf,kyo ittrlke Keb. j Inrhw al M o u n U i n n l r . At A l b u - ' written on 16 «nd 17, 509 enemy planes were j qycrqua H mowured nn inch but Mr. Bum destroyed , 509 enemy planes were c^crqm 11 nwa.ured an inch but nnd 150 damaRcd while I yielded only .Ofl moifltiire. Traces jilnklnc H ships nnd damning I of precipitation were reported til TomM since an additional 22 at a conl of 49 ! CUylftn. ClmMn. Lnfl VeRits. Raton, j have applied Santa Fe and Tucumcirl. Liberated on Luzon, N.M. Publisher's Son Writes of Hunger GALLUP, K«n. 27- M Liberation rnmn tn American prisoners and fnlcrneixg I" Manila Just in tlmo to prevent many dentlis from I h r fltarvatlon (lids imposed by tin- Japanese, J u l i n W. Bftnu'.t, 'it- tcrncd at Snnto Tomna. wrote to hln father, A. W. Hamcs, publmh- c-r of the Oallup Independent. In a letter reco.vrd today. "It M a fact that our American t l n f t along i»n a few hamlflfull of rire pliwi what few fiiirden VI-RC- Inblcs we could rfllni*," he «ald. "It U a I'ftrt that or American bfy« came just In tlmo." The loiter wan dated Feb. D and Red Cross, .stationery. was held with hln wife at Sant« Toman since January. 1042. They for early rcpntria- German Civilians Crowd Highways As Ruhr Menaced By JAMES M. LONG PARIS, Feb. 27 (AP) -- The American ninth army broke ' clear through German defenses before the Rhine today in a wide open advance of more than 10 miles which carried to the banks of the Erft river and almost to the edge of the Ruhr industrial basin, U. S. first army tanks blasted their way to within nine miles of Cologne and almost reached the Erft in their sector where the river forms the last water barrier before the great but ruined metropolis. Capture Erft ftlver City Ninth army troops captured Morken on the Erft, IB miles southwest of Duesseldorf, and nearby Konlgshoven. The coup badly outflanked Muenchen Gladbach, on the south. Rhcindahlen. zy z miles from Muenchen Gladbach, was taken after a tank encounter. · The whole .ninth .army front rolled forward toward the Ruhr, greatest arsenal region in Europe, In advances ao swift and impetuous that the Germans were described officially as in "extreme confu^- Civilian Morale Cracks Writing: from Erkclunz, Associated Press Corraspondent Wes Gallagher reported that for the first time in this war in tho west, thousands of German civilian refugees crowded highways as the U. S. nlhlh army wheeled sharply n-^rth, driving straight for tho vital Ruhr valley and breaking clear through all Nazi defensea in tho'greatest rout of the Wehr- macht · since tho flight across France. The fight appeared completely gone from German soldiers guarding tho 'Ruhr's approaches, Gallagher added, and thoy gave up In bunches, Including officers talk- Ing frocly of Germany's defeat. Na*l Defenses "Split at SeamM" Canadians to the north advanced five miles, capturing the strategic road center of Uedcm, and reached outer defenses of the Hochwald defense line guarding the northwest corner of the Ruhr, less than 15 miles away. Lt. Gen. George 8. Patton's mighty third army captured high ground overlooking the Kyll river, moved to within a mile of strategic nithurg and swept lip nine towns in the IClfeta along a 30-mile front which was prcased two miles deeper toward tlio middle Rhine and Coblenz. All along the 200-mile assault front from Emmerich on the lower Rhine to tho now solid, bridgehead across tho Snnr river six miles enat of Saarlnirg, tho thinly spread Gorman defenses wen. 1 splitting at the Hcnnw. 80,000 Prisoner* Thin M until Spokesmen for both the ninth nnd third armies vxprcssetl belief that I'lenncul breakthroughs had been achieved. Prisoners captured in February alone passed 80,000; the total since D-dity approached 930.000. And yet only n. fraction of General Ilsennower's 79 known divisions had Iwen liulenttflod In the great battle of annihilation to clear all Germany west of the Rhino. Reports hours behind the fast price of tho flrat army said Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' men were looking nt Cologne chimneys and spires 101'z miles ahead. Tiirwitoti Ruhr BMUI The ninth army captured six towns including Vcnrath, five miles from Mucnchrn Gladbach, westernmost rity of the Ruhr. Tho place Is 18 miles from Dueaaoldorf, ad- m i n i s t r a t i v e center of the Ruhr. The Canadian advance carried to w i t h i n 22 miles of Dulsburj;. world'H grralcHl Inland port and chief o u t l e t for the Ruhr which In 1942 rrfidldd three- four La of all Ornmn war pinntfi. Tin- Canadians broke Into Gal- cur, n bitterly-defended fortress roml center, and the BruAseLs j'o- Ulo said the town of 2,053 had boon Tin 1 Canadians and the American third mid ninth armies captured 20 German towns overnight. Th«' 1^-gint was ICtkclonz, critically Important road center, S3 mile* Into Germany At places on the water-logged Cologne plain, tho Americans had (Continued on pajre 2)

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