Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on March 11, 1976 · Page 14
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 14

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Nampa, Idaho
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Thursday, March 11, 1976
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Page 14
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TheIdahoFreePrcssiTheN-ews.Tribune,Thursday. March II. 1976-12 Rachel N i c h o k o n ' c " ^ Guesf CO/Uffin Environmental Prospectus Resources get beating with declassificatipn It's the quality, not the quantity Every once m a while my day is brightened by someone .- , who is a walking argument for ihe idea that there'is dope for . tomorrow environmentally. ; vVodncsd.iv was one of those days. I went over lo Bnisc: slm^le'd through the atrocious · parking areas surrounding Hoisc Stale University: and . finally found my way to the office of Wil Godfrey, business ·. . management professor ami slate- Pish and Game coin. i missinner What I went to ask Godfrey about was the controversy now brewing over the lack of trophy-sized hybrid fish at Henry's l-akiv lie gave me his opinions on [bat issue, but he also of, fered to add a few comments on his ijfiilosnphvalioiil fishing. I hunting and the whole spectrum of wildlife-human relations. ; I took Godfrey up on his offer .grasp ihe hope of a much ^management in Idaho . ami in doing so. was able lo belter future for nature ; "It's lime we became a little more wise." said Godfrey as a I sort of bracketing for Ihe rest of his remarks. I We must learn lo view wildlife as "reusuable resources" ;anil avoid Ihe kill. "The dm of the Ihing is in slocking, cat- ·chine and releasing," he added. ] "In my judgment, we don'l owe every citizen 10 fish every jtime he goes out. What we owe him is a quality experience j.ind the opportunity lo seek in some c;.;es trophies, in cither cases tjiianitity- put together in a mix." ; "Maybe that needs lo change lo a quality situalion instead of put and lake." I finally, he said. "I feel very strong aboul the move in those i directions. Idaho is setting the precedent (in the Northwest ). | ·'There is more lo fishing 'or other wildlife sports) than ;kill. maximum yield and hatcheries " ; And so ihe second-year commissioner summed up his ideas as to what Idaho can achieve in ihe field of environmental care ! Idaho as a precedent -setter. Although not a goal commonly held as desirable, in this area at least. Idaho should lie prouit to bla/e n Irail for resource conservation and intelligent .restrictions on what we call sport. | The crux of the mailer lies in change of altitude. Oui- doorsmcn and women in many parts of the country are assuming the posture toward wildlife that Godfrey is talking iibout It includes discovering Ihe excitement of the take of jin animal alone, without the kill, such as the catch and release programs proliferating in sporls fishing clubs. ; In a time when natural resources, including living . resources, are becoming a much scarcer commodity: and in an era when most kill is not done out of necessity (i.e. most hunters and fishermen's food slock does not depend on their .calrh. it seems lhal learning to view animals as "reusable ! resources" would be a climb to a hig j liuinanenyss. a higher rung on Ihe ladder of j In any case, we applaud and support Ihe philosophy ex (pressed by Commissioner Godfrey It will be wilh great iinlerest lhal we watch bis philosophy in action through the J n e x t five years of his icrm (Kdilor's note: Morion H. llrigham is an independent sawmill consultant who has heen closely associated with Ihe lumber industry for most of his working life. In Ihe following article, he attempts to answer Ihe |«esiion of whether the Mainland Salmon River ISreaks Primitive Areas should be opened lo roads and logging, i Ky.Morion H. Hrigliam Mixed species of timber in Ihe Idaho Primitive Area and Salmon liiver lireaks Primitive Area would produce C5 million feel of timber per year on a sustained yield basis, of which 47 million l»ard feet might he made available for harvest by reclassifyini! Hie two areas, according lo l-'orest Service estimates. The remainder of IB million hoard feel could not be h a r v e s t e d w i t h present Icc.'mntogy til-cause of steep slopes, unstable soils and oilier problems. Since a conventional sawmill w i t h one handmil] and a rcsaw requires aboul 75,000 board feel uf logs per shift, such a mill operated two shifts would need 750.1)00 board feel per week. In a work year of 50 weeks.such a mill would require :tr.500.000 board feet, or 80 per cent of the available supply if both areas were declassified. A slud mill with a quad band for logs up to aboul M" diameter and a conventional bandmill for larger logs requires about 2HO.IXIII feet uf logs per shift, and if operated two shifts five days per week. Ihe -17 million feel of logs available per year if both areas were lo be reclassified would last six months. In simpler terms, ii would lake all the allowable out from nearly i' : million acres to operate a modern stud mill half Ihe lime. The basic fact is lhal limber and soils in (he two primitive areas are such lhal productivity is low. The timber is scattered, and mostly of small size. Why. then, is the limber industry actively opposing wilderness classification for the primitive areas'.' 1 suspect lhal Ibis has more relation to obtaining Ihe scattered old growth slands lhal have taken centuries lo grow lhan it has to sustained productivity. Given sufficient subsidies in the form of roads (Irealer usi- uf renew;ibk' i\nd biiiili'Hrailalili' wuml cnuld help reduce Ihe energy drain now caused by Ihe recycling or disposal nl inorganic solid wastes Godfrey speaks out on Henry's Lake fishing [ Hyltachel Nicholson i HOISE - There are two basic questions lo tie answered in the Henry's Ijke fishing dispute, according lo Wil Godfrey, slate Pish and Game commissioner. ! "First, do we want to go maximum yield or trophy" 1 " Godfrey said in an interview Wednesday, and second, if trophy fishing is f)ie desired alternative, trophy cuilliroat or j'opliy hybrid? ' r Answering hisown questions. Godfrey said. vAll evidence lo this dale say.s 'lei's go trophy and let's go irophy with the hybrid ' " ] Fishing al Henry's Like in southeast Idaho became a controversial issue last year, when fishermen, including Darrell Grim, a Nampa Businessman, discovered that the planting of Irirge-sized hybrid fish al the lake had been discontinued in 1%9 According lo Grim. Hie fishermen suspected something was ivrnny \fnen they began to catch fewer of Ihe 10-2(1 pound fish. (.'port cheeking the records al Ihe htilchery mi the lake, the lack of plantings ^as rioted 'The reason for the d;.sior.tin;julion of the plantings of the hybrids, a cross between the nplive lake trout and large rainbow trout, lias not hern determined. "I dnn't know what the reason was." said Godfrey, "but I suspect a lij; between the cutthroat population and Ihe maintenance of nigh altitude lake eggs." [Although Godfrey noted that he was not a commissioner in i%9. he said that to his knowledge none of the commissioners had authorized ihe stoppage of the plantings [Godfrey said that there are two ways to Manage the lake. One is lo slock Ihe lake with hjbrid. cutthroat and brook trout, wh'ch can be used for either trophy or maximum yield. Tpe other is to stock only cutthro.it and brook tr/Hit. also for either trophy or maximum yield fishing. ·This leaves a decision to be made, even if trie irophy plan is selected The choice is between irophy hybrid and Irophy cutthroat and Godfrey said "ihe difference is in fight quality." He called the cuiihroai a "sluggish fish." as compared lo the hybrid, which not only grows faster and larger, but is better liked by sportsfishermen because of ils speed and dedication to fight. Public hearings on the lake issue arc being scheduled for the first part of April, Godfrey said, and a telephone survey is also to be cqnducled in southeast Idaho. "It is important to go to the public," said Godfrey. "Using 20-20 hindsight," he added, there was probably already enough information from the public, with over t.OOO names signed to petitions last summer. However. Godfrey defended the telephone survey, saying that recent surveys in north Idaho "were highly successful." Contrary to some reports, he said "We're nol asking every Tom. Dick and Harry." but will be seeking "qualified respondents." people who have fished al Henry's Lake. "Thai could take a lot of phone calls." he admitted. "Unless convinced differently" by people al Ihe public hearings, said Godfrey, "I lean toward (he hybrid and I'm going to vole that wav " (indfri-y said that the plan is to take eggs for planting regardless of the nulcome of Ihe hearings, because there is a flexibility in use of the eggs. "We will take eggs Ibis spring...lake them and try nol lo kill them." he said, referring lo the death by accidental over-medication lasl spring of '250.000 fish before planting could occur. Godfrey indicated lhal a large part of the problem is caused by a general lack of knowledge about the lake. "We don't know a whole lot aboul Henry's Lake." the commissioner said. "We've been making a loi of decisions on nothing." "I'm going to find something out about lhal lake." he stressed. As a first step toward this promise. Godfrey said that a full-lime researcher has been assigned lo the lake to report on population dynamics: identify classifications of hybrids; and measure ice and other kills of ihe fish. The researcher is being landed under a Dingell-.lohnson Act matching funds program. Godfrey said, with half the funds coming from the federal government. The whole area surrounding Henry's Like has been neglected in ihe past, said Godfrey. "Very litlle money has been pumped into Ihe Island area...although lhal area is considered now in national circles to be a prime area (for fishily i n the U.S." Henry's Fork, he said, is classed as No. 1 in fly fishing. As to the lake, itself. Godfrey said lhal lo catch a six-pound fish Ihere is good now. wherein ihe past. 101020-pound fish were the norm The si/.e of fish Ihere now would have been considered "release" fish in the past. Length limits to be removed ROISK (L'PlJ -The Idaho Kish and Game Commission has removed the trout length limit (or fish taken from Mountain View Ueservoir on the Duck Valley Indian Reservation A f t e r c o n f e r r i n g by lelcphnne, commissioners changed the I07C fishing regulations lo allow 10 fish lo IK? taken from Ihe reservoir. The 10 Iroul are both bag and possession limit. and fire protection paid for by Ihe taxpayers, the old growth stands could be harvested at a profit. One might go a little farther and state lhal with enough of the taxpayers' money nearly anything can be made profitable for those who benefit from the subsidies il provides. A road built from near Powell Hanger Slalion lo Savage Uidge in Ihe Cloarwaler Forest in 1872 cost $2,150,000 for 11.75 miles, or S1H1.000 per mile. H (his road is surfaced and several mud slides removed. Ihe cost will be higher. II is difficult to imagine a similar road wide enough tor logging trucks to pass being built at today's prices for under S200.iHt(J per' mile. In difficult, rocky.steep terrain such us that in Ihe Salmon Itivcr country, cosls could be several times as much. Il is obvious thai an enormous outlay of public funds would he required lo build roads into the areas under discussion. Such funds would probablv amount to a huge subsidy, disguised or otherwise, for (he timber and mining industries. Studies concerned wilh lolling nalural fires burn in wilderness during 1973 and 1974 in the .Nez Perec and Killerrool Forests directly involved in these studies feel lhal approximately three-fourths nf fire suppression costs in wilderness can be eliminated by letting nalural fires burn under certain conditions. Fire suppression in Ihe Bilterrool Forests cost about .!2 cents per acre per year. Eliminating three-fourths of this cost would eliminate 2-1 cents per acre o( existing suppression t-nsls. If three-fourths of the cost of fire supression could be eliminated on the 2.U million acres of wilderness proposed by the River (if No Keturii Wilderness Council, il is obvious lhal savings of .several hundred thousand dollars per year become a real possibility. Tor this lo lie possible. 1 , however, requires a large area ot wilderness. An area broken up into smaller tracts containing merchantable limber thai must be protected from fire would eliminate most of the savings. Added fiiv suppression cosls. then, are another subsidy necessary if ihi limber in the primitive areas is lo be bar- vested. The Fores! Service has staled lhal an estimated $!.: million worth of minerals has been taken from Ihe two primitive areas during Ihe last century. Large areas cf the Id.xh'o Primitive Area have been recommended for exclusion from wilderness classification because of (he existence of minerals. How does Hie value of these minerals compare wilh Ihe value of the water available from the undamaged watersheds? In ils brochure outlining management alternatives for the Kelly Bullion Planning Unit of ihe Ncz Pcrce National Forest, the Forest Service slated Mial the value of an acre fool of water in Ihe Columbia iiasin has hcen frequently' cited as $30. Al this rate, the 3 million acre feet per year available from Ihe two primitive areas would be worth $270 million, or 180 times its much in one year as all the minerals produced during Ihe lasl century. The old adage that Ihe squeaky wheel gels the grease seems to be Irue; in Ihe case of minerals a small wheel seems to have done a lot of squeaking. Proponents of logging frequently cile increased wale: production as one of the advantages of timber harvest. They often fail In say, however, thai removing the limber and building roads often adds lo flood problems. Koads tend intercept the sub-surface (low of wuler. causing increased flood potential al a lime when there is too much water in thr streams already. Timber removal accomplishes the same result. The added water produced by road building and timber removal is therefore often a liability rather KI.K DOT TIIF. landscape of : {'hainbrrlain Iiasin meariou in un yp rial photo taken (luring ummer of unr,. Tim anil oilier similar Hie leblood) mrarimiKun* purl of lln dispute mer opening (he Idiihn i nil Salmon IJivcr lireaks Priniilivi' Areas for iDgging ;inri roads. THE GREAT NEW PAINT FROM SHERWIN-WILLIAMS INTRODIKTMYSWMIC! 599 IF Gal. AfUiiok'T.99 ;J] New Mello-Tone latex wall paint. It's bom Sherivin- Williams, and il's made with Ino same attention to quality thai goes mlo making all mello-tone FLAT LATEX products. We know you'll likD it. Available in hundreds of decorator colors. Available only at your nearby Shciwin-Williams Decorating Center. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED This coaling is a icsull of extensive rcEoaich and les'tng by Tne She/win-'A'illiams Company. We (juaianlee yours.il.sfaaion in Itio use of thfs product or your (juiciiaso p«ce will be relunded. Sale ends March 20th WE MAKE YOU FEEL RIGHT AT HOME HSfe.--.-y..-" ··''· : · U A AAIIA SBSfi "^·'^^··WBI^i jff^A ""1207 Third St. So. 466-5010 than an asset, because the runoff comes al the wrong time. Great volumes of sill would accompany a major road construction program in the sleep, fragile soils of ihe primitive areas. Much of this would be carried downstream to settle on i in Ihe impoundments on Ihe Snake and Columbia Rivers. Dredging cosls would increase and storage capacity of Ihe impoundments would be a result. The silt adversely affect nearly all species of fish from lh« point where il enters the streams all tbe way lo (he ocean. To sum things up. public resources and llie taxpayers will lake a boating if this country is declassified. A few special interests would probably receive huge subsidies of one kind or another while the taxpayers fool Die bill. Introducing rfllzer, the new piston-engine cor from Mazda, SEDAN COUPE WAGON A CHOKE. _ THC WORLD HAS CHANGtD.^O HAS MAZDA. MEET THE MIZERTOOWAJT TOM SCOn MAZDA NAMPA 603-lltt MO.-468-8967

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