Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico on February 26, 1945 · Page 1
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Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico · Page 1

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MAY SHE FLY OVER TOKYO LasCr ·o* iSunsHin6)Becr x News Vol. 64--No. 279 ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE w BKHwurr attar nut simvir^Heiut*Pci SCAVUM SOUTHERN NEW mcx/co LAS CHUCES, NEW MEXICO, MONDAY AFTERNOON FEBRUARY 26, 1945 THE WEATHER Forecast: Partly cloudy Uilfl afternoon and tonight; fair and warmer Tuesday. Last 24 llotin High Low Las Cruccs . . 73 36 State College 75 31 Jornado Range 72 29 ASSOCIATED PRESS PHOTOS PRICE THREE CENTS YANKS IN RHINE VALLEY THREATEN COLOGNE Reds Score Deep Penetrations in Drive on Baltic By RICHARD KASISCHKE LONDON, Feb. 26 (AP) -| Marshal Constantin Rokossov- sky's second White Russian army, scoring a deep new penetration in the drive toward the Baltic, has reached the area of Hammerstein, 51 miles from the sea, a German military spokesman said today. The armored thrust threatened to cut in two a 225-mile- long coastal corridor the Germans hold from below Stettin to Elbing, in East Prussia. Force New German Retreat At the western end of the cor- t-idor. the Russians also forced the Germans to retreat northward Yet it seems unfortunate that from captured Arnawalde to a line m argument should Vise over the along, the Ihna river, the Berlin By WALLACE PERRY I can't blame west-side residents for fearing: the odor from a killing room in the new cooperative cold storage locker plant, now under construction just across Hadley avenue from where aome of them live, only few blocks from the rest of them and from Douglas MacArthur school. Having lived, for 16 years, in El Paso--though three ni3Jes from the Peyton Packing Co.--and two years in Oklahoma City, about the same distance from two large packing plants, I recognize readily the basis of such a fear. * + + irgui promotion of the Dona Ana County Farm and Livestock bureau after all the months of work that have been put in on securing subscriptions to its financing, other months in getting WPB priorities, arid after actual construction work has started. I am sure that the farmer promoters had no intention of inflicting "a nuisance" on Cruces residents.. Their objective was to find a convenient location for the plant that was to serve folks in town as well as in rural and neighboring urban areas. And they accepted -- and still believe -- the assurances of their | spokesman said in a broadcast. Reaching Hammerstein area would represent a 10-mlie Red gain from Barkenfeld, whose capture the Russians announced last night. The stronghold of Preus- sich-Friedland also fell in the new Soviet drive,'Moscow said. Gut Berlin Rail Line Berlin said that mure than 50,000 men were thrown into the new Soviet assault, spearheads of which already have struck to within 60 miles of the Baltic coast and have overrun a 10-mile stretch of the Berlin-Danzig highway. A Berlin broadcast said Nazi reserves were being rushecl into the sector, 110 miles northeast of Stettin, Baltic port for Berlin, and a LA MESAN AMONG BANOS LIBERATED George Gray, of La Mesa, a son of Mr. and Mrs. 0. W. Gray, is one of 13 members of the U. S. high commissioner's staff liberated from Los Banos prison camp in the Philippines Friday, the Associated Press reported today. He was legal adviser to the commissioner, Francis B. Sayre, when the Japs invaded the Philippines and interrupted American administration there. Say-re, a son-in-law of the late President Woodrow Wilson, took refuge in Corregidor, later was evacuated from, the islands; but Gray, the commissioner explained in a letter to his parents, was too ill to make the try for evacuation. . _ Mrs L L Parsons, 1308 West Brownlee, Las Cruces, a sister of Gray's mother, said Saturday that the last members of the family had heard from him was in December when a report from the state department in Washington said that^he was in Los Banos camp; members of the family still were m doubt. {Continued pn ]age 41 170 WORKERS JOIN RED CROSS DRIVE The names of approximately 170 workers were announced today as enlisted for the Las Cruces phase of the American Red Cross' war fund campaign, which has been set for Thursday, March 1, and which executive committee members hope to complete in a single hour. They are to meet in Branigan library auditorium at f.dU .mplete .organization and detailed plans lor P.m. today to coi the drive. architect, O.^ H. Thorman. of^El I(lte Russian communique said 3.000 German dead were left on the battlefield. Say Red Bridgeheads Broken Other Red army forces tattling Paso, that there would be little, if any, offensive odor from operation. + * * As a matter of fact, farm bureau j sou thwcst l connnitteemen are correct in their statements that the offensive odor from packing plants, to which re- of Koenigsberg, im- perilled East Prussian capital, seized six more towns; while farther to the north heavy German Eidenta object, comes chiefly from counter . attac k s on the' Samland disposition of offal--primarily the manufacture of fertilizer. And that operation will not be a part of the locker plant's activities. * * * It may be true, as their architect advises them, that from the mere; killing of animals -carcasses of which will be moved immediately into the freezing room, with offal carted away daily-- there will be little, if any. odor. peninsula were repulsed, Moscow i said. | German broadcasts, meanwhile, said Russian bridgeheads across the Neisae river had been crushed southeast of Berlin, where the i Russians for several days have been exploding furious artillery attacks in the Guben-Forst-Cottbus Triangle. Get Grip on Breslau The Germans also asserted that | Slaughter Unit Nol Commercial Phase of Locker "There is no intention of operating a wholesale slaughtering unit in conjunction with the co-operative locker plant now being built here," G. A. Feather, chairman of the plant committee, declared-today when commenting on a flurry of criticism to the unit which cry- stallzed Saturday when a group of weat side citizens reported they wetE preparing 1 a petition to city council protesting the construction of the unit from a health and odor standpoint. Accommodation to Patrons "The slaughter unit is being built purely as an accommodation for persons who have lockers and who desire to store meat at a time when other slaughtering facilities are not available," 1 Mr. Feather explained. "It will only be used occasionally and for the slaughter of one or two animals at a time. As facilities for slaughtering are scarce here in thc summer time, this is regarded as a necessary personal service to the users of the storage plant." Sees Objections Fade -# County Quota Is $20,300 The quota assigned to the Dona Ana county chapter this year Is $20,300; the national organization's share Has not been increased, Chapter Chairman Tom Graham said, but, because of Vie increasing number of returning veterans arid increasing needs of veterans' families, county chapter needs are greater. The total quota has been divided approximately half and half between Cruces and the rest of the county--$10,000 each. H-Hour Is 7 to 8 Thursday The hour in which Red Cross executives hope to raise Los Cru- ccs' entire quota is 7 to 8 p. m. Thursday. Workers are to be assigned solicitation area tonight, on such a basis that the entire city can be contacted in that tinie--if Cru- cea residents respond to the plea Uiat they remain home that hour, with their donations ready. List of Solicitors An incomplete list of block workers, released today, includes (Continued on page 2) Mr. Feather said that he be- I H eves the unfavorable reaction to But, unless and until the actual [ N a z i tro °P s ha d *'iped out Rus- operation furnishes proof to west-j * ian bridgeheads on the west bank side residents, they're not going I o f the Hro " river - east of Bratl3 ' to be convinced. laval and V i c n n a - capping posi- # 4, * tions near Kemend, 27 miles north- As L. E. Frcudenthal, one mem-! west of Budapest. ber of the farm bureau committee.! Units of Marshal Ivan S. Kon- [ the project was due to it not be- sova the New Mexico law forbid-' ev ' s first Ukraine army made new j mg- exactly understood what was din/the establishment and opera-! K^s in their stepped-up assault, contemplated. tion of -slaughtering pens within ! on Breslau. encircled Silcsian eapi-1 "This is an entirely different three miles of a 1 000-populaled ' *a '- aiu ' n(nv hold nearly 40 blocks [ project from a wholesale slaugh- eommunity! was enacted at a t i m e ! i n tne southern part of the city. I tering house," he said, "and I be- - - - · '·*·" O"-'" - "."-* t.i | icvc t n a t wnen tne citizens of the area realize the true situation i there will be no objection." I According to Mr. Feather, the j war production board expects thc j plant to be equipped to do all forms of processing and to receive both livo and dressed animals. Others Operate in Towns "In view of the sanitary and odorless operation of other plants (Continued on page 4 i Loan Directors Are Reelected Marines Battle For Last Half of Last Iwo Airfield By ELMONT WAITE U. S. PACIFIC FLEET' HEADQUARTERS on Guam, Feb. 26 (AP) -- Capture of Iwo Jima's second airfield, in the center of the strategic little is* land, was imminent today as three marine divisions drove north with, considerable air support in an intensified push. This stiffest fight of the Pacific war went into its second. week with the Yanks grimly i holding almost half the island,; 750 miles south of Tokyo, and, making inexorable progress j northward. Planes Support Land Fight The devildogs, already on the main airfield in the southern part; of Jwo, captured the cast-west j runway of the central Iwo fighter field (Motoyama No. 2) late yesterday and envelped two-thirds of the north-south runway after a full day of heavy fighting. Their assault followed a preliminary bombardment by artillery and warship batteries. Carrier planes and Marianas-based Liberator heavy bombers gave close support to the ground forces. Count 2827 Jap Dead The count of Japanese dead on Iwo reached 2,827 by noon yesterday. The last report on American casualties waa the figure of 5,372 dead, wounded and missing up to J p. m. Wednesday. Adm. Chester \V. Nimitz nounccd that the 3rd, 4Ui and 5th marine divisions of Maj. Gen. Har ry , Schmidt's fifth amphibious corps launched their big attack "after preliminary bombardmcn by marine artillery and heavy Unlta of th.e Pacific fleet." "Fighting was heavy throughoul the day," the communique said "and at nightfall our forces were in possession of the east-west run- w%y of the central Iwo field and about two-thirds of the north- south runway." Last Strip Held by Japtt This was the last airfield Japanese hands. A third field, in the northern part of the island, is under construction but far from completion. The fanatical Japanese defenders were using the most modern weapons they have shown yet in tho Pacific. These included rock- eta weighing more than l|000 pounds, heavy mortars, heavy VETERANS OF SANTO TOMAS They're free at last, but the appearance of Lee Higers (left), 68. a retired Cavite Navy Yard employe, and John O. Tiidd, 03, a miner, bears witness to the rigors of their life in the Japanese internment camp at Santo Tomns University, Manila. Robers 1 weight dropped from 145 pounds to 1)0 during his mpivity, and Tocld's from 170 to 102. (AP Wirephutu). All directors were re-elected at j land mines, pillboxes four feet thc annual meeting qf the National i thick, and an extensive under- Farm Loan Asgn. of Las Crucea j ground system of interlocking Saturday at the Temple of Agri-: strongholds. ilturc. · Most of the hillside caves are Directors are L. C. Lusk, Fred j ao to 40 feet deep. The Nipponese troops, too, are (Continued on page 4) when modem methods of refrigeration were unknown to New Mexicans. If enforce^ literally. Mr. Freudenthal adds, it would bar even butcher shops from towns, because it includes "the cutting up" of carcasses. * * * Furthermore, town residents, as well as rural, would benefit from . the slaughtering that is proposed j u ^ d TM f t proposals at thc inter- to be done in connection with the j American conltre-nce calling for a storage locker. 1 freo trftdc P 0 '' 0 * in the Americas the Soviet war bulletin said. Seek Free Trade Among Americas MEXICO CITY. Feb. 26 #» The United States today presented McCauley, J. W. Parker. J. A. | Sweet and G. K. Eminger. ; Within a short time directors : will meet to elect officers for tho year. ! Present officers are L. C. L u s k , ; president; Fred McCauley. vice J president; W. P. Thorpe, secretary-1 treasurer; and Juanlta Willing- j ham, assistant secretary-treasurer.; The Las Cruces association has; been formed by a consolidation of j Corregidor Japs In Mass Suicide the Otero. Gila and Mesilla orga- i f t c | a: u.y cold Under present wartime reslric- j ~ \ Federal Court Gives Economic char- i N.M. Cattle Judgment and a broad industrialization pro tions on meat from packing plants, j STM m o1 ' tlie Latin American virtually the entire valley would Publics. be reduced to old-time, unsanitary In tlie f i r s t - *« .under modern standards, mc . ter of the Amercas. the United ALBUOUEROUE Ffib « .T i r n i i i n , IT, i HI* rm^n w i t h States suggested the elimination of ALBLyubiujUfc. *eo. ^ thuds oi k i l t i n g in me open, \ \ u n or '*.-·-,j,,_,.i r^i,.* i..j^^ r~i-.., -v , j cartels, economic nationalism, and i provides for equal access to r«w j materials in accordance with the i A t l a n t i c Charter. ' It also seeks to give just and | equitable treatment for foreign en- i terprisc and capital in the Ainin- out benefit of refrigeration, unless i jiome .such facilities are provided, j ·1 + * Establishment of slaughtering pens three miles out of town, farm ^ : ' S BiHr i:«" «:«»"· r «·,'" en - cmiragenient of private enterprise nnd discouragement of government pense in trncitinp. Al«n, they add. it would be impossible, now, to gel additional refrigeration equipment for n supplemental v plant; the war jmnhie- llon bojml even cut than biiek on the rcfriKenillon they'i. hoped to got for the loeker p l a n t itself. Fvderal Dist. Judge Colin Neblctt has granted judgment to S. .1. Isaacks of El Pa So, Tex., us independent executor of the will of M a r t i n V. Jeff era. for $73,523. "4 from J. H. Jcffers of Datil. Isaack.i surd lor in .lec-eounting of cattle belonging to th. .-state. nizations, recently effected in tin interests o£ economy and better service. Mr. Thorpe explained. The consolidation was highly praised by W. E. Fisher, vice president of tlie federal land bank with I headquarters at Wichita, in his ad- I dress at the meeting. j The balance sheet shows the association with $103.675.04 in HBSCD and the loan record shows federal land bank loans outstanding Dec 31, 104-1, of $1,073,400 with commissioner loans outstanding on the same date of 5.538,900. HE1) MOT DANCE SPOT SALT LAKE CITY, Feb. .26 A local dance spot haa posted Jeffcrs this sign: "We dare not 'Byrne.s" the midnight oil." intervention in business. Out nf 'the Dri/i/i-;' lies Still Thirsl\ /MT l.l.V.S 'A^GELS; BACK IN U. S.. REST /A WEST COAST HOSPITAL - * * By NORSIAN BELL SAN FRANCISCO. Calif.. Fob I SPOKANE, Wash,, Feb. 26 (.Ti ' 26 ifr Back in their homeland U'ACS WANT TO SWOON i Mrs. Pntrlcla Breuningcr .snatch-' a f t e r three years of war and cap- CAMl* B L A N H I N f t . ' Fin.. 1-Vlj. ! i-d her 20-month-old son u n c o n - j tlvity. 68 "angels" of Bataan nnd '26 (.^ -Tin- WACs slntioni'd here I scions from an icy fish pond, ap-; Coi regidor rested at the army's apparently nrcn't i m m u n e from the swoon i rooner Influenr.v When Pinr.ist Jose I t i t r b i played at the base cue D;" tho sorviep- women put in n request for "bee- Ihoven's Mivirilight Slnnlrn." plied a r t i f i c i a l respiration and vived him before an inhalator stiua,.! n r r t v e d . "The first thing he asked fir whtfn hr regained eonnotmianesa," ·*h« said, "was a glnw r»f wntfr." Letter man general hospital here todn'y. Most of ihe valiant army nurses and t he on»- Red Cross worker, who arrived Saturday by air transport rnmmnnd planes from the Philippines, hop* to visit their loinea a.s soon ati poulblc. The majority, while undtr nor* n:il w e i g h t , appeared to be in 'airly gotxl health. Only 14 were classed ag litter .-ascs, Incliuilng the veteran senior chief nurse, Maj. Maude Davidson, nj. Thry came In the one hospital planr "Hnme Sweet Home" of the (Continued on pige 2) ' By FRED IIAMI'SON MANILA, Feb. 26 /P) ~Of- battle is over, but Manila rumbled today a.s American artillery blasted Japanese who used a surrender period to improve their positions in Ihe two buildings they still hold. And at the entrance of Manila bay, Corregidor fortress waa shaken anew by underground explosions touched off by enemy marines c o m m i t t i n g mass suicide. Anwwer Ultimatum With Fire Last night loud speakers blared a final warning from Maj. Gen. Robert S. Boightler to Japanese in Manila's agricultural urn! finance buildings t o "surrender, commit suicido or be killed." Thc .Japanese onnwei cti with sniper fire in the direction of the loud speakers. When the warning voice gave the enemy 30 minutes to evacuate. Ffrat Lt. Richard K. Wl.ihop of Kajjt Brady, Pa., anld. some Jnp- anrso dashed from the building and tfived into defense positions at its bdho. Untile KJU( nf Mnnltu Main f l f f h l l n g wn« rn*t '»( Manila along tho Takahashi line where Maj. Gen. O. W, Orlnwold,. 14th corps commander, predicted heavy battling. There was no mention In 'Jen. Dougfau MtcArthur'* communique today nf action in Manila, He announced Saturday thai doughboy* of tho 37lh I n f a n t r y and Mr*t cavalry divisions over- fContinued on page 4 } Premier Apologias For Yank Planes By ASSOCIATED PRESS Premier Kuniaki Koiso made a second call on Emperor Hlro- hito today on belialf of thc cabinet, this time to "offer our profound apologies 'or the un- forglvalblc negligenec" in the approach of danger tu his per- non. During: Sunday's raids by American air forces, bombs feU in the vicinity of the imperial palace, Tokyo said; some fell in an aorft adjacent to the guard house at the gates of Omiya palace, residence of thc Empress Dowager Sabalio and the bureau of the imperial stables, the Japanese said. Native of Cruces Killed in Action In Philippines Lieut. Comm. John R. McFie, Jr., 55. a unlive of Lna Cruces and former University of New Mexico regent, was killed in action on Luzon Feb. ,'!, relatives in Albuquerque were advised today. He had resided in Manila for the past 25 years, While living here he attended AM College preparatory school 1904-1905, later moving with his parents to Santa Fc and Gallup where he practiced law. MeFlii Hall Named for Father The McFle f a m i l y Is widely k n o w n in the Las Crui'e.H area, J. K. McFIc, Sr., father of the l i e u t e n a n t commander, having come to Lna Crucea in 188-1 as reg- islnir of the land office, and hnv- 1 in,- served as president of the flnit U. S. PACIFICFLEET H E A D - | b n a r d of regents of AM college, Tokyo Takes 1 Punch from Air -2 QUARTERS. Guam., Fob. 26 (/I*) the Tokyo j Jnpun'a i ' Industrial targeU in are and elsewhere island of Honshu took a powerful one-two punch from American aerial might yesterday as wave after wave of carrier-based pitmen roared over followed by more t h a n 200 ^ Superfortresses-- largest H-2!) j ] ( , K i;"" in " iVti'o'.' was "namcdTn 'his _ | honor. Located near thc dining 1889-1805, Me nerved as justice of thc supreme court at Santa !· 1888-181):! and 18R7-1EU2, maintaining a law office in Las Cruccs during that time. Ho later moved to Santa Fc and died about 20 vear.s ago. McFie Hall. «-nirte ( | at the fleet ever assembled. Fleet Adm. Chester W. N i m i t z ' I hu | K u f { ) r m o r i y waa useti us c o m m u n i q u e today mad-.; no f u r - [ dormitory for girls. the,r mention of the r a m e r .sink' ' "nnht""' 1 "" 11 ""- '" Mrs ' '·" 1WIU " "· which followed Ihe :wo-day carrier snifish ;i^nln;it Tokyo "Feb. lfl-17. Radifi Tokyo said 1,000 carriei planes and 1G5 sky giants niadi ,hc twin aerial altae.k.n Sundiiv lubscquently Tokyo t r i m m e d UK carrier planes to 600. The war le- oartment reported that mure than | 200 Superfortresses participated, j 41] returned. j The super-forts dropped bombs! ind Incendiai it's for t u n bourn j through a heavy s n o w f a l l . S n o w ] las little of feet on iiu-i-iidiarles. j Damage was clone to nirfield.s, j 11 Hilary installations and Irann- j portal ion facilities in t h - Tokyo I irca. radio Tokyo »iild. r i d d i n g j 'bombs starte.ti firet* in v a r i o u s } lections" but "they were a l m o n t ; ·ntirely tiuclled by n i g h t f a l l . ' urn. M r K i e wa Mrs. Lawn i Lackey, of A l b u q u e r q u e , and also I u brother nf Mrs. Lansing 13. i Hloom, of that city. : U l t e Among IJher'atcd ! A vetenin of World War I. M e - . ! Kie was secretary of tin- New ! Mexico Mar Assn. in 1917-18. j Members of the f a m i l y in Al- iniquerque were quoted by ihe Aa(Continued on page 4 ) Yanks in Record Raid on Berlin Expcndnhfo /V/n*.sr f?(/r/t from Itnlutin H A M I L T O N KMSLW. C a l i f . Kvb. 2fi '/I 1 ' Lt. lU-ulnh M G r c H i w i i l l , the "IViiKy" of the book "they Were KxpiTidnblr," is back in thc 1'nitivl Sttitt-s. Hhp was arming the iirmy nur.TH who arrived h e i r .Saturday a f t - i thi-ir r f » r u c from Ihe .lapanefio in the 1'liilippincn. The army nwao, W!HJ f n r m e r l y lived al Albiiqucrqin 1 and received mir«lng t r a i n i n g there, gave her address UK l,iek,ing. Mo. BARBAHA QUITS A U A I N LOS ANGELKS. Feb. 26 W | Barbara H u t t o n . dlmr-iitore heir- eaa, and hrr mnvle star h u n b n n d , Cary (Jranl, unnounccd today they have no pa rated a n^cond time, LONPON, Kelt, Uli !/V' In tin: biggest air a t t a c k CV.T unuU- on Merlin, more than 1,200 American heavy bombers dropped 3.000 Ions if explosives and fire bombs inlo the heart of the r i t y d u r i n g the noon hour today. More t h a n .1MO.OOO .small mceiuli- ai y I t u n l t H were showered upon Ihe mfiigee-crowdH ('iipilHl. with three railway slatlonn- Schleauichor. A l - exandrrplatr and Berlin n o r t h as I lie n i n i n targel.'i, All three are w i t h i n two miles of the a i r ministry building in the middle of the city. Thr«'e glanl waves, which Xizi newn agenclCH said nmtle a train ir»fl milen long, roared across ;ity at 15-minutr Intt-rvals unl let down their firal bombs Rt 11:54 a.m., thc exact minute net in the battle order. For thr first time the bombers, wit); an escort of 700 MuftUnfii) und ThunilerbolU. Hew to the ciipiUI in a straight line across Germany, boidly during the German air force to right. But there were no early report* »f combat. [Sweep 25 Towns In New Push for Nazi Knockout By JAMES M. LONG PARIS, Feb. 26 (AP) -^Two American armies sp'efl' five miles across the Rhine vajley today in tanks and on foot to within 12 miles of Cologne and within six miles of the great Ruhr arsenal and its border city of Mtienchen Gladbach. "Sweeping" up 25 or more towns, the American ninth and first armies closed within three miles of the Erft river-last water barrier before the sprawling Rhine metropolis of Cologne-- and moved within 19 miles southwest of Duessel- dorf. administrative center of the Ruhr. Cologne's spires were in sight. ration Outflank* Trier The assault front broadened to 40 miles and was strengthened continuously by thc infusion of streama of tanks, self-propelled plain battle, the American third ^uns and fresh manpower. Some 60 miles below the Cologne army in a swift seven mile sprint reached the Nlms river near Bits- burg 1 and outflanked the ancient fortress city of Trier. The gam carried five miles into the Siegfried line past the Saar river town of SaarbUrg. The Canadian first army applied heavier pressure on tho Ruhr from the north. First 1'ttWMi Attack First army troopa of Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodgoa surged closest to Cologne, a city of 708,000 which Is described officially as thc most devasted city in all the Rhineland. The nearest approach was bc- ond the villages of Morchenlck, Golzhelm. Qtrblerath and Rommel- shcim, all captured In night attacks. First army troops fought into FrauwuHushelm and drove loyond. The Americans were seven miles past Dueren, which wan cleared out yesterday, 'and awtfUy approaching Uie Erft river. Tank* Crash Out Path Tanks streamed across the Rocr irldges to power the attacks of he American ninth and first armies, which the Germans said were using 40 divisions or up to 000,000 :non. The great Ruhr and Rhlnnland city of Duesseldorf, with a population of 540,000. was less than 20 miles from the ninth army. Lt. Gen. William H. Simpson's shock troopa closed within a mile of the heavily fortified communications center of Erkelenz and nine of the fringe of the Ruhr industrial region and Meuchen Gladbach, a city of 127,000. 20 Miles into Germany The AintTl-.-ans fought 26 milr-i deep in Germany and U'sa than four mllofl from the Erft river where five German divisions offering "light to moderate resistance" on the Cologne plain were expected to make a .supreme stand to bar the Americana from the Hhine. North of thc Cologne plan, Kleld Marshal Montgomery Intensified his attacks behind the breached Siegfried line and moved his Canadian first army w i t h i n 1,000 yards ·uf the stoutly defended town of Ciilear, two miles from thc receding Rhino. These forces were 45 milts north of UK; ninth army flank moving Inward the Huhr. Seventh, Inviulefl Saar The American seventh army Invading the Saar district, now i iermany'a second Industrial rr- glon. widened its front inside Germany w i t h i n .sight of the rulnn of RtuirhriKM'kon. Everywhere on the western front, the destruction of the thinly spread (Ionium divisions continued. I'rifioiieiH taken by the Cunn- 1 dlan.i passed 23.000. ! One division of thc first army whleji captured Oucren, second largest German city to fall In the wrM. captured 2.000. The ninth and firm nrmicw took more than 5,000 between them and other he- draggled prisoners were streaming back. The third army took 2.700 prlnonnr* yesterday. Hold Armor In Rw« rvc The Germans arc known lo have an armored rcanrve west of thc Rhine lo guard tho approaches lo ih* Rhur. This force Is nol yet willing-or able--to (pet into the fight.

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