MAY SHE FLY OVER TOKYO Las Vol. 64--No. 277 **#KMMK*TMur M t stnto*r.iuiUMipeÂ».se*vttia SOUTHERN Ncw/nex/co ASS^IAIgDP^ S j.E A SE^^^_^__ L ASCRUCES. WjW MEXICO. FHIDlFTFTEimHoN FEBRUABY ,, Ti^ WEATHER Forecatt: Fair tonight and Saturday; wanner. Lut 14 Hours: Â· High Low Las Cruces ...................... 60 23 State College .................. 57 17 Jornada Range ................ 56 18 ---- PRICE TWHEE CENTS Bulldogs Touch off Tourney With Win Over Alamogordo BIG PUSH OPENED By WALLACE PERRY The saddest tragedies of the war, so far, are the three sinkings, | by American fire, of Japanese prison ships carrying American prisoners of war from the Philippines to the Nipponese homeland. In the first, which occurred in September but which wasn't reported until weeks later, 83 out of the 750 aboard survived- in the second, reported last week as occurring in October, only five are known to have escaped out of a total of 1,800; in the last, disclosed as occurring in December, the roll of rescued, out of 1,600 aboard, is believed to have been cut to two, although nearly half of the total, recaptured, still may be alive--as Japanese prisoners. * * * Reporting the last one in Wash ington yesterday. Navy Lt. Georgi Karl Patritz asserted the belie: that, even if American warplanes hadn't sunk the ship, most of them would have suffocated bcfor reaching Japan, so crowded were they in poorly ventilated holds. - Aside from that prospect--which last week's report of the seconc sinking said existed also in that over-crowded vessel--the only consolation relatives of the lost can cling to is that all three--the first two sunk by submarines, the last by bombers--were unavoidable accidents. No submarine commander, we readily realize, and no bomber crew-cou'd know, in advance attack, t-ii! the target ship carried American passengers. Â·3 + + On the brighter side--from the Allied point of view--are the reports in unison--from repatriated Americans and a Swedish war correspondent just out of Germany --that tragedy also is being visited, in wholesale, upon the Axis aggressors who brought on this tragic war. + * + "Transportation in Germany is all shot to hell," Capt. Harry Stephenson, of New Rochelle, N. Y., one of the repatriates, is quoted as reporting. "The food situation there is critical." * + * And Jerje Granberg. a Swedish ru i'respond flit who f!e(j from Berlin by trading two old suits, .some .socks, ties and two pounds of coffee for an automobile, writes that (he German i-apilal is a network of barricades as the Nazis convert the city into a frontier fortress. He pictures Berlin as "choked" with German refugees from battlefront areas and deserters from Nazi armies. + * * The plight ot Germany, plus the tightening 1100-50 about' the Nipponese homeland, at least inspires increasing hope that the multiplying tragedies of war sometime soon will come to an end. Hurley, Deming Win in District Cage Meet Here Las Cruces Union high school's Bulldogs touched of] the district four basketbai: tournament here this morning by a smashing, 55-25, defeat of Alamogordo in the first game of the first round's play. Other morning round victors were Hurley and Deming high school fives. Cliff, Xularosa Go Down Hurley defeated Cliff by a score as imposing as that by which the Crucens killed off Alamo--50-20 --while Deming turned in an upset score of 41-35 against the sec- md entrant from Otero county. ^The Hurley win had been expected. But the Tularosans, realizing hat they had a tough team to leat, grabbed off a lead in the 'irst few minutes of play and *ept it until the final quarter when Deming's Wildcats went wild and, in a hustling finish crowded six points to the good. Stark High Man for Dogs The Bulldogs' game with the! neighbors from across San Augus tin Pass was a walkaway from the start; they were never in danger Paul Stark was high point man for the Dogs, with a total coun of 19, while Burch led the visitors with 14. Anthony, an aggressive gang from the southern end of Dona Ana county, had drawn a bye in last week's pairings; so, this morning's schedule was limited to three matches. Cruces-Hnrley Tonight As a result of this morning's victories. Las Cruces meets Hurley at the start of this evening's schedule--7 p. ir..--while Deming is pitted against bye-drawing Anthony at 8. This afternoon's games, starting Â·t 2 p. m. were to decide which teams meet in the lower bracket's second 'round, after Silver City plays Hatch, Hot Springs Animas and Lordsburg Monticello. Virden, now state champion, vhich also drew a bye in the pair- ngs. will get going at 10 tonight, igainst the winner of the Lords- lurg-Montictllo game. Consolations, meantime, will start tonight at Junior high gym among losers in today's games. TO SPEAK HERE Yanks Capture Iwo Mountain; Hit at Airfield By ELMONT WAITE U. S. PACIFIC FLEET iEADQUARTERS on Guam, r eb. 23 (AP) -- American marines reached the summit of Mount Suribachi at the south; . im tip of Iwo Jima today, and j I began a renewed drive on the 'central air field after repulsing two Japanese counterattacks. Most Costly Marine Action The Stars and Stripes were raised over the volcanic Suribachi fortress 97 hours after the costly invasion began and marines began cleaning out Japanese still clinging to the crater with flamethrowers. TAKES YANKS NEARER TOKYO Little progress was made else- W. E. Fisher, above, will be the principal speaker at the annual meeting of the National Farm Loan Assn. here Saturday, W. E. Thorpe, secretary- treasurer, announced today. The meeting is to be held in the farm bureau assembly room at the Temple of Agriculture. Mr. Fisher was secretary' of the federal land bank of Wichita when the Mesilia Valley Farm Loan Assn. was organized in 1022; he now is the bank's vice-president. Failed Prison Break Applies Death Penalty Name Chairmen For R. C. Drive Names of chairmen of the various communities in Dona Ana county to conduct the annual Red Cross drive were announced today by Tom Graham, chapter chairman. Communities south of Las Cruces and the chairman of each are as follows: state College, C. L. Guthric: Mesilia Park. Mrs. Arthur Barker; old Mesilia, Mrs. Grace Glnthcr: Brazito, Mrs. Roy Winder: Mesquite. Mrs. Billy Pullen; Vado, Mrs. Cecil Grimes: Berino, Mrs. Carl Price; Anthony. Mrs. L. A. Burns; La Union, Mrs. A. R. Bogart; Chambcrlno, Ramon Provlncio; La Mesa, Mrs. .T. L. Eslinger; San Miguel, Mrs. V. D. Ulibarri: Stahmann farms. Mrs. Dean Stahmann. Chairmen to serve in northern communities are: .Fairacre.s, Mrs. SAN QUENTIN, Calif., Fell. 23 '^Pi- Alfred Cr.vn7ons, ,*!fl, convict sl.ot in nn attempted prison break J ' A - G r i f f i n ; East Picacho, Mrs. yesterday, died List night on t h e : K e n n e t h Barnhill: Dnna A n n , operating table at the prison h o s - j Mrn. M. L. Linton. Radium pital while a surgorm was ,-omnv: Springs, Mrs. W. J. Stewart; Rin- ing a bullet which hud entered his ''on. Mrs. K. T. Hodson. intestines. ; Tho area including Salem. Gar- Cavazos and two other prison- field and Hatch will be under | ers- all under clealh sentence Â· | N'athan McNcllly. made n despetnte try for freedom The county drive, outside of while men in death row were he- " ing permitted to exer.-isc in a .-or- Community Fund Over-subscribed In 1-Day Drive Las Cruces' Community Fund-:o finance next year's work of 3oy Scouts of America, Girl Scouts and AWV's Sen-icemen's Recreation Center--was over-subscribed in yesterday', 1 ? one-day campaign, Drive Chairman Jack Bowen revealed today. May Go $1,000 Over The various organizations had sited a total budget of $5,000 ; hey got, instead--on the basis of eports turned in by 4:30 p. m. ?esterday--55,620, and Mr. Bowen aid that, with some reports in- omplete, the grand total may go a high as $6,000, or $1,000 more ian was asked. The total subscription, Bowen dded, will be divided--on the basis of budgeted needs--on these percentages: Boy Scouts 58 percent, Girl Scouts 17 percent, Servicemen's Recreation Center 25 percent. "Saddles" Are Awarded The prize "saddles," announced! where in the most costly fight in which the marines have ever been engaged--a fight that cost 5,372 American casualties, including 644 dead, in the first three days. Attack from Rear Fails Japanese swimmers made a hopeless attempt to attack American forces on the western side of the island from the rear last night. They were mopped up on the beaches this morning. , Carrier aircraft sweeping over the Bonin islands in protective sweeps to eliminate repeated enemy attacks on American shipping assembled off Iwo shot down three Japanese planes. In Brilliant Action Surmounting of Suribachi was :he brightest spot in the entire Iwo ampaign. The leathernecks won command of the 566-foot height from which the Japanese had cast down a deadly mortar and artillery fire in other marines spread out over .he south third of the embattled Bland. Its capture eliminated the threat o the rear of three devildog divisions attempting to drive north where the main strength of the nemy garrison is dug in. Adm. Chester W. Nlmitz con- ensed the drama into this special ommunique: "The 28th regiment f U. S. marines was observed -a^^r*- **-Â«Â·...Â· Â·Â·--.."Â·Â·Â·*:. -^ * Â· x Â«Â»Â«. I' -:^" k ' HILIPPIHfS M *1'* H *5] . , -jadoMil** _ Â· fS*Â» * * T * * * ? . P -- - CUAM.^AM - ..^?y-- - -- 4 ToSonFramix^ (Continued on page 2) Americas Apply Yalta Charier By FLORA LEWIS MEXICO CITY, Feb. 23 /T The American republics began applying aims of the Crimean conference today to the strategy ion a hemispheric fight against human want and oppression. Settling down to the real business of the inter-American conference, delegates from 19 countries were largely guided by a tliree- point program proclaimed last night by U. S. Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius and Ezequi.-l el New Island In Philippines; Mop in Manila MANILA, Feb. 23 Â· UP) Doughboys or the America! di vision, heroes of battles in th Solomons, mopped up Japanes today on little Capul Island of Die south tip of Luzon after a new Philippine invasion aimed at clear ing tho shipping lane from the United States to war-torn Manila Only Light Opposition , Con. Douglas MacArthur, an nouncing the Yank landing 01 Capul Wednesday, said those Yanks of the American eighth army encountered only light, opposition. The island lies in San Bernardino strait between Luzon and occupied Samar island. Capul lies 260 air miles from Manila, whore other Yank fighters are locked In battle against b: terly-reslstlng Japanese. SclgB Manila Hotel, City Hall From the shattered southern portion of the capital. AP War man" and top "cowhand" in their money-collecting efforts, today turned out to be toy saddles -miniature "hand-carved" vehicles death 6n Nazism and Fascism whenever and wherever they may appear, support for an organized peace the Atlantic char- cvi , ry mcn ,,,,,, nallon an n ,i cquatc ' l i v i n g standard. no more than three inches long [ but highly decorated in bonier "color." They \vere awarded, Bowen said, as follows: Top ranch, to Keith Romncy's "Circle Dollar," which . turned in a total of $1.134; top | Faces Firing Squad foreman, Lestur Lackey, "employ-1 p o - P aDe an J - ed" on the "Circle Dollar." whose r O r IXa P e alm team led all others in tho compc- NOGALES, Sonora, Me.x Fell tltion; top Individual "wrangler," j 23_Â«i_Federal Judge Felipe Ga- Betty Tank. i | in ,i Oi Jr ., today sentenced Lulu By ranches." these additional I Leyva Alvarado, 28-year-old weld- gures were reported. Kick-in. I cr, tr be executed by a f i r i n g w i t h -Mrs. Adlai Feather as boss j cquari for the rape slaying last il.092.6S; Double-Cross, Billy November of .-. two-year-old girl Smith bo?s, S726.85; Bar-Nothing. ; in Cananca, mining town near L. Gill boss. $570.85; Triple-1 here. Correspondent Fred Hampson ported 37th division infantrymen had seized the Manila hotel, the city hall and all of the general post office except tlic basement. "The hotel was won," he said, "after a room-to-room and cor- rldor-to-staircase fight through the succeeding floors. The post- office was no less difficult." GunÂ» Opco Gate for Tanks The three-story city hall, near the Jntramuros where the Japanese are making a fortified last stand, was won after the Yanks had withdrawn from the building four times in the face of machine- gun fire. The first cavalry pounded with Howitzers and cannon at the heavy walls of the Intramuros to prepare tunneled paths for its tanks. Simultaneously the l l t h a i r borne division advanced along the west coast of ."iO-mllc Lagiina de Bay. southeast of Manila, to cut off the retreut of trapped Japanese by barge. The Yanks reached the town of Muntlnlupa. Mop ,Japs in CorreRidor Meanwhile, thy extermination of (Continued on page 2) Dog Gets Reprieve, Trial for His Life After Killing Child LOS ANGELES, Feb. 23 dpi The Staffordshire bull terrier, Woof, has won an eleventh-hour reprieve from his scheduled execution today for the killing of a baby last Feb. 13. Judge William R. McKay issued a temporary restraining order loat night prohibiting the city animal shelter from destroying the dog in a gas chamber until a hearing has been held March 30. Marguerite Derdenger, 21- month-old daughter of S/Sgt. and Mrs. Charles P. Derdenger, was choked to death in tho dog's jaws while playing with the pet at her home. Pulrolitidit's Son Becomes a Major Raymond K. Unwell, n son of City Patrolman Krnnk Hnwcll, has bÂ«en promoted to the rank of major, hts f a t h e r rcveulrd imliiy. Major Howell, a rtiptnin of engineers in France when last previously heard from, has been over- Turks Enter War Against Axis LONDON, Feb. 23--(JP)~Anka- announced today the Turkish saembly had voted ur.animousl o declare war on Germany an apan as a result of a decision o he Big Three to qualify as "As oclated Natioija" all countrlc vhich lake up arms against th Vxts before March 1. The assembly alao voted nlmoualy to adhere to the Unit :l Nations declaration. The disclosure that a declaration f war waa the price of n Beat .a he San Francisco confcrsnco on orld security in April was made by the Turkish foreign miniate: Soviets Seize Poznan; Strike Toward Berlin BULLETIN LONDON, Fen, 2S--l.fl--thn Russians have, captured I'oznnn an- In Poland, Mondial Stalin nounced tonight. LONDON, Feb. 23-UPl -- Russian troops, having almost encircled fortress Gubcn in nn 11-mile smash through reinforced German lines, today were, reported massing along an arc 30 to 50 miles east and southeast of Berlin for nn end-the-war stroke triumphantly icralded by Premier Marshal Stal- n. Kayo Near, Germans Arc Told "Complete victory over the Germans now is near." Stalin declared ast night In a lay. special order of the Husband's in Jail; Wife Gets Divorce While Efimacl Duarte waited in jall--aervlng a 30-day term for as- suult and battery because of a recent disturbance -- Dlst. Judge Numa C. Frcngcr this morning granted a divorce to Margarita Duarte. She alleged merely incompatibility an grounds for the action. Dial. Ally. W. T. Scoggln, Jr., who represented Mrs. Duarte. said Duarte once served a abort penitentiary term on conviction of beating her; .she got him pardoned from finishing the term, he ad- Jed. The Moscow radio early today ollowed up the Stalin order with Oetman-language broadcast de- larlng "the zero hour has struck." "It Is up to the German people i the army and factories to stoo he war," the broadcast said. "Peace will not be negotiated with the Jencrals." 800,000 Dead In Drive Stalin yesterday assorted that Soviet and Allied armies have Â·Â·()Â· Roer Is Bridged; Push on Cologne, Berlin Reports PARIS, Feb. 23 (APJ --German broadcasts said tonight :hat General Eisenhower had started his "grand scale offensive" toward the Ruhr and Co- ogne, had bridged the Boer Â·iver at several places and advanced two miles east of the Â·iver in shattering power with anks, artillery and infantry. 'On SIS-Mllo Front" Supreme headquarters maln- ained complete silence on any new ttack. The Germans said the big push ad been precedod by a tliree- our artillery barrage by "thou- ands of guns." The enemy said the attack was i a 35-mile front all the way rom Roermond to Dueren ami as mounted by the American nth and first armies. The Germans said the main rldgcheads were at these points. The British second army, last reported in the Roermond area where the Roer flows into the maas (Meusc), was said by Berlin to be fighting alongside the Canadians In the Goch-Rhinc sector farther north. Fogs which blotted out parts of tho battlefield at dawn gave way to good weather. An early wave of takeoffs Indicated the Germans were In for another paralyzing bombing onslaught such as yesterday's. Patton Crosses the Soar Both south and north of the Roer sector, the American third and Canadian first armies made gains. Still farther south the American seventh army moved to within a mile and a half of the Saar capital of Saarbrueckcn and won two-thirds of Forbach. U. Gen. Gco. S. ration's third army advanced up to two and a half miles In the Moselle valley and to within four and n half milTM of ancient Trier opera- ordinatcd their offcnsl tlona and are "successfully completing the rout of the German fascist army." Stalin's proclamation, commemorating the 27th anniversary of the Red army, said the Russians had killed 800,000 Germans and captured 350,000 since Jan. ft. He said the Germans had lost 3.000 planes. 4,000 tanks and self-propelled guns and 12,000 other gtmit during that time. aÂ«H fur 1'lnal I'ush The Berlin radio said that a final all-out Soviet offensive was m m l n c n t now that Marshal Ivan 9. Konev'a first Ukraine army has drawn up bcalde Marshal Grvgory K. Zr.ukov's first White Russian army on a battle line along the Nclsse and Oder rivers. Konev's forces yesterday captured 80 localities south of Gubcn and reached the Nclrtsc river at nany points along a winding 40- Continued on page 2) (pop: 88.0001. . . keystone of German defenses before the middle Rhine. Tho third army forced n third crossing or the Snnr river northwest ; of Simrburg and started fighting in the Siegfried line which lies Just cast of the Saar river. In the Pruem sector, the columns squeezing the German salient cast of Luxembourg moved to within eight miles of a Junction. Town after town fell. Oruiaillnn, Scots advanro Canadian first army gains on the north flank of the roer river front were up to a mile and a half. The fortified road bastion ol Cak'n OOI.LABOnATION'IST KlIXEI) LONDON. Feb. 23-Wl J a c - ques Doriot, French arch-collaborationist, was killed when Al lied divebombcrs attacked his automobile In southern Germany, the ridor. Cavnzos and DJory Xagle, n.l, beat and stabbed Prison Guard w! A. Patternon. The third convict In the escape attempt was S. .1. Kelso. 25. Los Angelos. whos/Â« murder conviction is now on .ipppal, Pavazos wnÂ« tn have '.Hod m the Rtta fhnniher today. Magic next Friday. Las Cruces. will begin March I. and continue throughout the month, Mr. G r a h a m said. The quota for the outlying districts is $10,00(1. Oil. OUTPUT INCREASES TULSA, Okla.. Feb. 2.1 1.11 -United Stales crude oil production increased 46,800 hftrrHa dally in the week ended Feb. 17 to 4,76(1,000 barrels dally, the Oil and Gas Journal said today. look, Sigurd Joliansen boss, 101.75. 'raise for Ranch Hands Mr. Bowen expressed deep appreciation for th? e f f i c i e n t work of his "wranglers." i 20 months, his father said. Berlin radio said today. RED OFFICER CALLS UP BERLIN BURGOMEISTER MOSCOW, Feb. 23 ( - Jzves- i I la reported with glee today that The . competition, he asserted.! n Red army major had talked by added a lot to the fun and the telephone with a Nazi secretary in success of the drive. "And we couldn't have got anywhere," he mlded. "without th? publicity given by .lack 1 1 city hail. "Everything Is t r u e In this sVo- ry." said the account. "Mot long ago one of our dv Oothshnll and the S;m-Ne-.vs. j tachmcnts, a f t e r successfully out! Nanking a small German town, Â· n- I tercd It sn suddenly the Inhabitants did not know what had happened u n t i l they drew their curtains the next morning. "Two hours later a paflscnfrer train anlved from the eaÂ«l and WIFE ASKS FOH DIVORCE Ramona J. Molina filed suit in d l N t r f o l court today flaking n di co from Jojc Molina. She ,tl- logon Incompatibility. the chief conductor threatened to complain to the reichsmlninter of railways when ordered to halt his departure for the west. "Surprised, the Gorman garrison had not had time 1 to disrupt communications and at the telephone station tin- i f l r l ftwllthbiunl operator placed a rnll to Berlin for one of our officer*, MaJ. Ser- gclve. who knows German. "When Berlin aniwered he asked for the burgomaster. He was informed the hurgometater was absent, but the latter's secretary. Satzbach, iiuwmd. "Thui in tho burgomaster of " Â»Â«ld the major, "How iro things (jotting along?" Â·'Badly, The peoplp Â«ay they've come quite clone already." wan the answer. "How is It with you?" "Oh, fine. One hour ogo the Soviets caplurod our town," "Dontt Jok* so foolUhly; I'll complain to tne burgotnelster," the Berlin official said. "You're welcome to complain to Hltltr hi mi elf," said thn mn)or. "This ti a Sovkt officer. SÂ« you soon, Herr Baltbftch." List 12 Million Vazi Casualties By AwtoclAtnl Proas Premier Stalm'.s announcement that tho Soviet winter offensive Had cost the Germans more than l.lfiO.OOO in killed or captured rnlÂ«ed to at leant 12,100,000 the cntniaU!(!fl which the Hunnlans imy the Germans have Hiiffered on the enstcrn front In nearly four years of war. Stalin announced on Nov. 10-13. that the Germans hnd tout 2,700.000 men in Tour months. Added lo thr claims of previous com- munlquflH thin brought total Carman casualties to fi, 100,000. Or. April 24, 1044, A Soviet com- munique reported a total of 480,000 tiormnnn killed and captured during the Soviet winter and spring offensive. On Nov. 10, 1944, Soviet com- muniques had reported 1,400,000 Germans killed find captured In the over-All iiummrr campaign bo- ginning June 2.1. Slowly wn a beln^ invested. Scot vanguards pushed a half mill- down the Ooch-Wccze road. Cana- dlanfl fanned out to the north find moved a mile ami n half toward the, subsiding Hhlne. Monty Starts lirruktliniiiKli The German radio said i-'ield' Marshal Montgomery iilsn had hi- bun "new breakthrough" attempts at the northern end of the Allied lino, in coordination w i t h Un- American attacks in the Aiu-hcn setter, but did not name the -x- nct point of Montgomery's uttiick. The Eisenhower offensive wus boglln. the Germany said, in the wake of ywttmlny's great norial )lows and following d r m n f i r o art- Ilory barrages by thmifijuuls uf . Supremo headquarters as yet lint] not confirmed the Berlin accounts of the new offensive, but wlgns muliplied t h a t the big pu.sh oould not bÂ« fur off If it had not actually IjORun. Jump Off at Dawn The battering by lfl.000 planra in the lnnt 48 hours was 'jxlcntiwl by Allied ftlr force,-* tnday, and tin 1 Cirrmnns said (Juneral Kist'iilunvt'i- H t r u r k with hl.i ^ i R n n t i c armies at .V45 a. m. on tin- Hoor river front on both widen of Ltnnlon, J JS miles west of Cologne i n I he Khlnc. M. Gen. Win H. Himpfluir.t U. S, (Continued on page 2) Son of N.M. Justice la German Prisoner SANTA KB, Fob. 23 - -V) pfr. ThomM J, ( B u d d y ) Mabry, II of Albuquerque, who wa.s reported. Jan. Id, lo have boon mlasing in action Â»lncÂ« Dec. 23, was captured u f t e r being wounded In tho Germany ChrlfltniM offensive, his !oaeÂ»t friend today wrote Mnbry's utrcnln, Justice and Mrs, T. J. Mnbry.
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