Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico on February 16, 1945 · Page 1
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Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico · Page 1

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Friday, February 16, 1945
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Las C MAY SHE FLY OVER TOKYO THE WEATHBl Forecast: Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday; cooler tonight. Last 21 llmim: High Ixiw Las Cruces 74 34 State College 73 35 Jornado Range 73 34 Vol. 64--No. 271 ASSOCIATEDRESS LEASED WIRE LAS CRUCES. NEW MEXICO, FRIDAY AFTERNOON FEBRUARY 18, 1145 ASSOCIATED PRESS PHOTOS PRICE THREE CENTS TOKYO FIRED BY U. S. TASK-FORCE RAIDERS Report 1800 U. S. Prisoners SEEK RED CROSS WAR FUND IN 1-HOUR DRIVE "You have a date with the Red Cross Thursday, March 1, from seven to eight o'clock in the evening," says Tommy Graham, chairman of the Dona Ana county cliapter of that organization. "The quota set for the city of Las Cruces In the 1945 Red Cross war fund drive is $10,500," Mr. Graham goes on to explain, "and we have decided to try to collect the er.tire amount during that one hour on Thursday evening. · "There have been two hundred workers appointed for Las Cruces under the direction of Harry Schmidt, chairman of the city drive. Two workers have been assigned to each residential block In the city, and during the hour from seven to eight on March 1 they will call on every householder in their block. "We are seeking each business man to be at home at that time with his donation at hand, or else to leave said donation with his wife, for under this plan we do not intend to make any contacts with local business men at the homes, and we hope with only the one contact. "This one-hour drive has been proved very successful In several Colorado towns. We feel that It will be not only ver much easier for the workers on the drive, but also much leas bother- some to the people of the city- Our message to the people ot Las Crnces is "Remember you have a date with the Bed Cro*a at BRVHI o'ald^k Thursday night, March 1. ^ , The war fund 'drive tor all those living outo.de of Las Graces In Dona Ana county will be conducted in the same way as formerly since the Olstaikcci between homes makes it more difficult to make the visits-all in one evening. Survivors Tell War Department Ship Torpedoed WASHINGTON, Feb. 16 -- By WALLACE PERKY The Japanese got quick "returns" on the barbaric practices they've sprung on the Filipinos in retaliation for the American re- invasion of the Philippines. + * + Of course, Admiral Marc A. Mitcher's task-force attack on Tokyo--the first .TOstained assault on the Nipponese homeland in the current war--wasn't intended as revenge for the firing of Manila and the mass murders of Filipinos reported yesterday; It evidently has been planned far in advnce. But it serves the purpose. And it is giving the Japs a taste of what they may expect as the war In the Pacific progresses. * * * Japanese atrocities in the Philippines is not the first of their offenses. They cold-bloodedly tortured and bayonetted men, women and children in the "rape of Nanking." They executed American fliers who crashed, or were shot down, during earlier raids on the Japanese homeland. They chopped off the heads of American prisoners in the south Pacific. They tortured and starved American and Filipino prisoners taken their capture of the Philippines, not only during the notorious "March of Death" bul also through the three years of the imprisonment that followed And, now, they're reported to be butchering Filipino civilians in soutii Manila, as they retreat slowly, before the victorious American re-conquerora. * * + And the Germans are not far behind in their brutalities. + * * They've been more "civilized" than the Japs in their treatmen of prisoners of war. But the Russians, for two years have been relating tales of mass murders in once-conquered areas of the Soviet republic-- mass mur ders than ranged upward into the hundreds of thousands. As late as Karl Gerd von Run- stedt'u recently ill-fated counter- off ensive of the Belgium bulge, they are officially reported to have shot down 150 American soldiers who had surrendered and to have .slain scores of Belgians who had shown sympathies for the incoming American and British soldiers. + + * These practices--by both of the remaining Axis powers--are be- ginnlnfi, now, to receive some of the punishment they deserve. I hope Unilod Nations authorities will not become soft-hearted to the point of following the recently-expressed British policy of letting the war criminals escape. + * + Sometime*, when events like Japanese and German brutalities are reported, I'm inclined to A'isii Americans wore not quite so civilized. The Road to Berlin By ASSOCIATED PRESS 1. KflHtern front: 8*5 mllw (from Zcllln). 2. WcHtcrn front: 296 mllr* (from went bank or Rhine at Emmrrlrh). 5, Italian front: *M nillw (frcm IU*o river). Dkranian Army Turns Its Might Toward Berlin LONDON, Feb. 16 (AP) -An armored mass of Marshal Konev's first Ukranian army bore down on Berlin's Spree river defenses from the southeast today, smashing toward Beeskow and Cottbus, 31 to 52 miles from the capital. Neisse Defenses Shattered Soviet war correspondents indicated that the Neisse river defenses had been shattered after fierce battles in the areas of Forst and Guben, two towns on that river which joins the Oder south of Frankfurt. They told of columns of tanks and cavalry rolling through shattered villages within sight of the Spree, and indicated that the main weight of Konev's first Ukrainian army had been turned in the "Berlin direction" after forming a firm link with Marshal Zhukov's first White Russian army for an assault on the German capital. Crowd German Capital Konev's southern wing, however, was reported across the Neisse and within 37 miles of the Upper Elbe, the river whiqh rises Czechoslovakia near Prague, passes through Dresden and flows diagonally across Germany to the North Sea at Hamburg. The Soviet armored trains hear, ing down on Berlin, Moscow dispatches said, were attacking £ 30-mile stretch between Eecskow and Cottbus and flanking the Germans who have held up Zhukov's attack at Frankfurt and Kuerstin along the Oder. Eeeskow is 31 miles southeast of Berlin and 18 miles southwest of Frankfurt on the Oder. Cottbus, directly south of Beeskow, is 52 miles from Berlin and 12 miles west of Forst, where the Germans reported Soviet penetrations yesterday. Push on Berlin Water Defenses Beeskow and Cottbus are on the Spree, which links up with many lakes and watercourses to form a natural defense for Berlin. Both are important communication centers. Soviet correspondents said fighting was raging near the east bank of the Spree. These dispatches indicated thai Forst and Guben, 15 miles to the (Continued on page 4) COUNTY SERGEANT ON WAY HOME FROM NAZI PRISON CAMP Happiness fairly radiates today from the home of Mr. anc Mrs. H. A. Wells, north of the city; S-Sgt. Irvin E. Wells, one of their three sons in service, is on his way home from a German prison camp--the first Dona Ana county soldier to be exchanged and repatriated. , , . , , . He's on the exchange ship Gripsholm, due to dock in the U S. next week. , Shot in the ankle and captured following the landing at Salerno, Jan. 22,1943, S-Sgt. Wells has been confined at German approx i ml t e i y 750 war prisoner camp Stalag 344, located 40 miles south of Bres- wos torp6( joed off Mlnda lau Recently, he was repatriated through Switzerland with - - ·' --463 U. S. army officers and enlisted men for exchange and return on the Gripsholm. Canadians Aim For Industrial Ruhr in Germany PARIS, Feb: 16 UP) The Canadian first army, aimed toward the heart of the industrial Ruhr, thrust almost a mile deeper Into the lower Rhine valley of northwest Germany today through storms of heavy artillery and mortar fire thrown by an ever increasing flood of enemy reserves. Canadians Hold Khlne Bank The Canaidans held 20 miles of the south bank of the flooded Rhine from the Nijmegen sector to opposite Emmerich but made no threats at crossing the wide waterway. They stormed and captured water-hemmed Huisberden, four miles east of Klevc and 19 from the Ruhr gateway city of \Vcsel. Scots, Britons and Welshmen under Gen. Henry Crerar's command inched toward the defense keystones on Goch and Calcar in the center of the bulging 20-mile :'ront. Crowd Highway Hubs One front dispatch said British empire troops spread out south of Moyland, indicating an advance into the area less than two miles from Calcar. Scots swinging down the highway from Kleve moved (ConUnuea on page 4) Demlng Man Also on Ship Among them U a second New Mexican, S/Sgt. Lawrence J. Klement son of Mra. Mary Klement, of Deming. Also aboard the ship will be 665 U. 8. civilians and 78 Canadian military personnel. " Second Son Honw Wounded S-Sgt. .Wells is the second son of Mr. and Mrs. Wells to be re- :urned home wounded. Sgt. Raymond C. Wells was wounded in Italy and Is now undergoing treatment at Hot Springs, Arkansas. Their third son, Ic-Seaman Robert J. Wells, now is home on 30- day leave and probably will be here long enough to see his returning arother, who will be granted a furlough if posible before being sent to a nearby army hospital for treatment of his ankle, the war department has advised his parents. Expected to Recover It is probable, Mrs. Wells said today, that he will be sent to Beaumont Hospital at El Paso. Although the leg muscles are stiff from his wound, army surgeons have stated their belief that a minor operation will completely iCxmtmued on page 2) Red Drive Helped By U.S. Supplies WASHINGTON, Feb. 16 l^» -Russia's winter drive into Germany, Admiral Emory S. Land informed congress today, was bolstered by 3,447.000 tons of lend- lea.se cargo shipped during the last six months of 1944. Urging extension of the lend- case program for another year beyond its June 30 expiration date, the head of the war shipping administration told the house foreign affairs committee the shipments to Russia were "substantially in oxcess" of earlier goals. They included, he said, urgently needed foodstuffs for the Red armies, munitions, equipment for Soviet war industries, railway equipment and motor trucks. "The steady flow of tills cargo has unquestionably had a substantial influence in bolstering the Soviet war effort," Land declared, "particularly with respect to critical items which they are unable to procure themselves. With out this material support over the past Btfvcral years (t ifl questionable if tho Soviet arm Ira would j have attained th«lr present great striking power." Nazis Clamp Lid Upon 'Cowardice' LONDON, Feb. 16--W-- Almost all Germany was placed under virtual martial law today by a sweeping decree calling for military trial of "whoever tries evade his duties toward the community." Civilians who show "cowardice" will be subject to the death penalty in the "reich's defense areas threatened by the enemy." Tho order was one of the most drastic decrees ever issued by the Germans in their effort to bring every man, woman and child into their struggle. It was issued, Berlin said, on ordurs from Adolf Hitler and with the agreement of Heinrieh Himmlcr (AP) -- Reports that a Japanese prison ship carrying approximately 1,800 Americans was torpedoed and presumably sunk last October have been given ; to the war department by five survivors. w The department, disclosing this today, emphasized that"! 1 has received no confirmation from the Japanese. Mfty Be Second Such Tragedy A war department atatemen said the Japanese government hai been asked for the names of prl soners who might have been aboard such a vessel and addec that "no response has been re ceived up to this time." The sinking, if confirmed, wotll be the second involving Japanea prison ships carrying Allied pri Bonera. Last Sept. 7 a ship carry prisoners ndanao In the 'hilipplnes,. There were only 83 survivors. The war department said it la continuing its efforts to confirm the second sinking and that as loon as necessary data has been received next of kin will be noti- Vmv Mexican Involved 'Because of the lack of confirmed information and the inability to Inform next of kin, the war department is unable to add anything to the survivors' re- orts," the statement said. The survivors' reports were not made public. Nor were their namea listed, but it was learned the men were M/Sgt. Calvin R. Graef, Silver City, N. M., Sgt. A.very E. Wilbur, Navarreno, Wls.; Jpl. Anton E. Clchy, of New York Mills, Minn.; Cpl. Don E. Meyer, As I5OO Planes Hit Capital; Mightiest Fleet in Action By AL DO PKING U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUA RTERS, Guam, Saturday, Feb. 17 (AP) -- Smoke columns 7,000 feet high plu med over the Tokyo-Yohohama area today marking targets blasted by more t han 1,500 American carrier planes in yesterday's during strike at the heart o f Japan. , Returning fliers who rode B-29s ove r the targets while the navy Hellcats and Avengers spit bombs and bullets a t the Nipponese capital district said that aside from other damage, scor es of enemy planes were caught on the ground. The raid lasted more than nine hou rs while the greatest naval armada ever assembled challenged the Japanese fleet within 300 miles of Nippon's shores. Urge Wool Tesls At AM College ALBUQUERQPE, Feb. 16 (A 1 )-Approximately 50 officials and members of the New Mexico Wool Growers Assn. convene today in annual session, and President Floyd W. Lee of San Mateo said the group was expected to voice support of a proposed woo] laboratory and experimental station at New Mexico AM college, Las Cruces, at a cost of $50,000. The association's regular annual convention, which usually attracts almost 500 persons, wag cancelled in compliance with the government's wartime ban on conventions. Instructors from Now Mexico AM conduct the association's annual wool school today. ·The annual wool show was held yesterday. Barbara Wunsch. of Mcailla Park, was one of the winners in junior class competition. Other winners, except AM col Icge, were well scattered over the WE CARRY THE WAR TO JAPAN; AIR ARM BREAKS NEWS TO NIPS By DEWTTT MACKENZIE AMcial«l Prwui War Analyst The battle of Japan at long last ban been fully jolntd, and American air might on a huge scale finally Is ripping Into the vitals of Nippon's war effort. Our (front ncrlnl attack, from carriers escorted by what la 'lea- crilied a.i tho largest battle fleet In history, is a lequcl to our successful Invasion of the Philippines. , We have entered the final phase of the war of tho Pacific, and *hllc it's likely to be long and bloody, wo are at close grips with the barbarians who undertook to Rub- JuROte the whole Orient and establish supremacy of coat over west. The Immediate objective 'tf today's attack, with vice Admlra Mltschcr In command of the alt arm, apparently is to destroy n* much as possible of Japan's warplane fleet based at home. The operation is, of course, an Integra* (Continued on pag* 2) of Wilmington. Calir.; and Lt. | All had bayonet wounds. Tho MANILA FUGITIVES DECLARE JAPANESE BAYONET CIVILIANS By C. YATES McDANIEL MANILA, P. I., Feb. 16 (AP) -- Increasing reports of Japanese brutality seeped out of war-ravished south Manila today as more civilians escaped from the enemy-held battle area. A reliable Chinese merchant told Associated Press War Correspondent Russell Brines that he saw a score of Chinese mowed down by machine gun fire as they attempted to flee from a burning building. AP Correspondent Fred Hampson reported that seven men who escaped through a shell hole in the thick wall of the In- tramuros and swam the Pasig river to safety confirmed stories of machine gunning civilians. Find Hum of Bodies · ' They told American medical officers that the Nipponese seg- ·regated men and women within the walled city, and in some instances carried out their threat to shoot any civilians who attempted to escape from the bc- Eieged stronghold. Two 37th dvlsioh sergeants reported '. to Hampson that they found and photographed a heap of Chinese bodies, all bayoneted. They identified 11 as men, four as women and six as babies. Robt. S. Overbeck of Baltimore. Increase Fund's Big Gifts Group E. L. Rawlings has been added to the initial gifts committee for the Las Graces Area Community Fund drive for $5.000 next Thursday, J. H. Bowen, campaign chairman, announced today. The committee now is composed Of H. B. Holt, George Frenger, E. D. Mclntosh, Clyde Baker and Charles Knight. Campaign organization has progressed to the point that it seems porbable that all "ranch foremen" and "cowhands" will be named in time to effect organization over the weekend, Chairman Bowen said this morning. "Ranches" to compete in the drlVe also will be named today or Saturday and then it will be up to the ranch bosses to map out the campaign for their particular out- Ifts. Ranch competition promises to be keen for the honor of piling up the largest amount of subscriptions in the drive. There are three participating agencies in the community fund. They are Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts and the servicemen's center. They will participate in the $5,000 budget according to their needs and activities. This is the first joint budget drive held by the unit* and is planned in order to simplify the money raising problem by having one campaign instead of three. hands of some were tied behind them. Warned iJ. 8. Sympathizes American medical officers yesterday treated two girls with bayonet wounds through the soles of their feet. Brines reported numerous Filipinos said that during the Japanese occupation of Manila Nipponese lecturers repeatedly said: "We know that at least 95 per cent of the Filipinos are pro- American. "If the Americans do return to Manila, we will unhesitatingly execute any Filipinos who show sympathy or give assistance to the white invaders." Freed New Mexican Cables His Parents CARLSBAD. Feb. IS (^Pl -"I'm frM\ well, safe nnd Imppy. Ixjvc." iThls WM the brief message rc- ctlvcd today by Mr. and Mr«. W. 0. Smith from Ihclr .ion, Sgt. .loo Stanley, member of Ni-w Mox!co'» heroic 200th, who wan readied recently from the Bllibld prison In Manila. The mes«agc brought lean of joy to the parent* and was the flr»t official Information they had received. "Of course we're thrilled," »a!d the proud mother, crying with Joy. "Thl« meaaago 'to mother and dad' meana cvcrtyhlng In the world to ua." Nip Radio Warns Raid's Still on LONDON, Feb. 16 -- The Tokyo radio wanted today that "an enemy task force la ciUll operating In our adjacent waters and there Is held to be a strong possibility that the enemy will launch another raid on the Japanese mainland with, carler-borne planes tomorrow." The Japanese said at least 10 aircraft carriers with a total of 1,000 planes formed the backbone of the tank force. Tho commentator arguod that the simultaneous attack on Two Jim a, 700 milca to the south, might mean an imminent American landing on that Volcano inland, where the Japanese maintain a strong air base. Iwo Jlma llea between the Su- perfortress bases of Salpan and Tinlfln In the Mar I an M, Captured Papers Reveal-Nips' Plan To Defend Manila MANILA. Feb. 16 (A 1 ) --Docu- mentjs showing that a largo Japanese force expected to turn the tide of the Luzon campaign nt Manila came la light today its thr cornered remnant or that o u t smarted garrison fouylit w i t h :ivv. fury in its blazing south M ' t n l n trap. Gen. Douglas Mac A r t h u r , announcing a deeper pinietnitinn .if Hainan peninsula, a 112-ton i;nmh- ing of Corrcgidor i reduction of "the pocket." in tho rubble of tho mir'- proud capital, dlscio-scii nl.so t i n seizure of the Nipponese tlm'ii- menta. Ma*m 20,000 at Manila Alar A r t h u r rnporti-d thr Jap;i- nese prior to his Luzon linnlln^. had a garrison of more Uiiin 2!*,000 men in Manila w i t h gn-iit quantities of Runs, mines, pillboxes and fortifications, exporting an attack from LJie south and 1'rum Manila bay. 'The enemy apparently hnprd to hold Manila and Mimilii bay, t h i w making this the turning point of the Luzon campaign." MacArtlnir said. "These pinna wert- defeated by the rapidity of tin; i-nvoliipmi-i.t by our forces and lh« dislocation (Continued on page 4) Philippines Missing Back 'from the Dead' CLOVIS, Fob. 10 /l'l Mr. and Mrs. George W. Colo, wlm llv* southeast of Portnli's. him? received a V-matl letter from their .son, Olen, who had bi'i.-n reported mi.s- sing in action in the Philippine.-! since April 7, 19-12. This was the first .munition they had had that he waa nlivo. Ho won a member of the 200lh cofwt artillery which fought on Bataan. He had boon reported dyad by reason of being missing for more than a year. Battleships in Task Force (Carrier attacks of this type usually last for two or three days. The power of the American force indicated this pattern would be followed again at Tokyo,) Protecting Vice Adm. Marc A. Mitscher's carrier forces, battleships, cruisers and destroyers of Adm. Raymond A. Spruance's f i f t h fleet spread out in a 200-mile column in Japanese waters, daring the enemy fleet to enme out. Another Unit ShcJls I\vo Jlma Sewn hundred miles to the aouth another tn«k force, which Tokyo suki was rompruiod of more than :!0 warships, Including battleships and rnrritrs. slivllod Iwo Jinm in 1,'ooi'cliiintioii with lund-bascd bom- bora which Imvt* been attacking tlio island outpost daily for more tlmn l\vn months. A Japanese imperial communi- que report Oil thnt 'Ynrrier-baaed planes of n powerful enemy task force 1 which npprarod in the- P( Miljfitvr.t t o niir chorea" attacked iiii-fielils in and iiround Tokyo suoco^ivr \ v n v i - j ; f r c i n 7 n. in. I p. in , t i k l t y 1.1.1 nan.-.-io t i m ;i.Mi-il t h f i l h,-iv,.' if Mows \v I l i - u r l of \i|mm, . - · . · · , ; m i l l i o n s . · A ' M i SMii.Tfortreas r;iiK ·· . : · · · " ·i:iyilii:t£ l i k t - tn- i i : - ; . ; , t [ ! : ? · · ! n n r l r!rr.v.v .- t t i r . " i ! . T i , ' i l t h * h ' M r i pan-";'' ' mpirv w i t h : iIHiy of Mocluul- RAIDING YANKS CATCH SCORES OF JAP PLANES ON THE GROUND U. S. PACIFIC FLEKT HEADQUARTERS, Guam, Saturday, Feb. 16 Un--Smoke r«ac 7,000 fwl in the air from panic-stricken Tokyo to Yokohama as navy carrier plant?* raided the Japanese capital area, an oytwilnma reported hero today. The eye and ear wit now Account which disclosed that ncore.n of enemy planet Wore caught on the ground, wai given by Lt. (jg) David C. McMtllln of San Fran- ciico. He wM the navy obiorver in n 21st bomber command II-2H Superfortress which was over UK- largct for roconnaiMnnce while the raid was under way. No word of the carrier strike lias come from tho fleet itself, utmv radio flllrncfi still prwnlh'd f"' Adm. Raymond A. Spruance's mul- ing force. McMi'Un mid Army LI. -John (J. dim-In of Las VCRUM, Nov.. pIKit of the B-30, observed thr nild both visually through break* in rlmuls (Continued on page 2) I. The pnihiil inn It into u rnuiIltUm for ovon- tiiai tnuisimi. ~. (': n t l n i t m i K pounding t"i) rr- r l u . « Us i i l i j ' l i i n u fnr.tnrtos to ruins. Kivlcct iird h o m h - b r n r i n g Hell- ··nl.s mid IldUliv.TS n n d torpt'ttu plniii-:;. .winding over Tn- kyo'.s LM-1 .squarr miVa. tore into f i i i - f i i ' M K ;ni'l m i l i t a r y defcmie ;',:!s ill 7 u. in Ja^ani'yo time. Untile .tajrn in the Sides Thi-y limned nvtT UK- c i t y wilh !hi- .Jitpnnoii- iiirfnrct 1 in fie.rre sky M i l n e l i T ,'ippi'iin il hont k r n ' i : k i r i K out Oh' bulk of Jnpnn'3 hoiu-'I'iLsi-d airfiinn- ;w his im- rm'iiiatc u h j i v t i v e . How well he (.·an tin Unit is Mi^estcU by the , carrier nir urm'.s lu'likivements in i J a n u a r y i" »lr:iln»yintf nearly 300 N'ip])Mnr;ii' a i r c r « f t in .sweepH from Sui;;in. French Imio-Chimi, tit A n i o y . China. O n r i n ^ l!!H. carrier planes dca- l.roycil li.fiOO enemy a i r c r a f t . "Thi;! openitien has long been p l a n n - ' i a n i l t h e opportunity to lu'cdiiiplish it f u l f i l l s t h e deeply -·herisheil dr-iirr nf every officer ami iirm of the Pneifii: fleet." ex- u l l f i s t H y aimounrt-d Five-Star Adm i r a l Chester \V. N t m i t a at his trw l l u a i n hciuJ(|i:arteni, w i t h i n l,. r 00 milr-fl nf Tokyo. To MitM-her. wl»we tvirrirrn 1 y.'in (tie w ' ^ i w n i t l sueep In January. 134 I. in OH- Mnr.shalls.lwent t h e honor o!' :'*nnpIirtinK lh' '« s t nr.le nf t h e 4,000 to Tokyo from I Yuri Harbor where Japanese ear- ricr.s npein-d the war Iee. 7. 10- IIUK-' I'lrrt ( ·ImltrnRfii Jnrm The clo.-te aripro.'irh to Jap;\n by the torment nid.ss nf Am Tican war- ^hip« and . - a r r i o i H ever assembled M I I M K n I'haMeiiKe at the Nippum'Ro r i f i - t . There WAS no indication it hail h. n n i \ e ] t t i l . Tikyo viiiiit), r o n f i n n l n j j the. at* t i n k, nave t h e hiiinelnnil the siriky ni 'iirancc 'h:it Ihetr ,atr- f i - n e \ \ a s p;s-ryi!)K t!ie asaaiiH, By Toltvr'^ I'wn rttlriv.^im. III. 1 .lap- i\)|(vt,' i:. - 1 lt;M tii!l op;n)i Limit)' to move t'lit ami meet thr Anieil- (CXntlnucd on png« 2)

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