Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on February 18, 1975 · Page 4
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 4

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Tuesday, February 18, 1975
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Tuesday. i'Vliruarv IH.l'J Opinion Today's editorial Politics as usual? One of the least admirable parliamentary devices employed by the Conxms is lhal of "pigcy-ba'cking," or attaching a doublful piece of h-Bis!niion. Ihniuuli amendment, io nne which lias a much belter chance of passant-. It is subterfuge to legislate mm the law measures which will nol stand »i their own merits because a( Iheir contrc»vi'rs:nl nature. Tlic American (n'oiife deserve a lillli- more forthrightncss [rum their legislators than lhal type of legislative trickery. One flagrant example of Ihis was tin- ;illempl to allach to Iho bill rinsing the national debt ceiling an anu-i;hi:em providing for the nullification of ['resident Ford's graduated fee plan on imported oil 'Ihe fee plan was important enough in have been debated on itsoun merits and In have passed or fallen llim-by. The strategy, soim-of Coimress felt, u .is Dancing with a gorilla Ihe belief thai Ihe President would not veto Ilu- dcnihlo-harrcled bill, since wilhoul an increase in the debt ceiling the country would theoretically run out of money Unnecessary expenditures Ibis month. However. President Ford warned lhal lie would veto il. and thus place the onus of the country's plight on tho Democratic lactic which paired Ihe two basically dissimilar measures · Fortunately Ihe House Ways and Means Committee saw (he error of moving toward a direct confrontation with a determined President. II did the- same will) anollicr move Io do a w a y with the oil depletion allowance by iwiniifj it up with a pending quick lax cu'l lull. This lype of political sleight of hand must be repugnant to the American people who are looking for .straight-forward leadership in the posl-Watcrgulo era How do you stop? H\ Tom Ticdr WASHINGTON- NliA) - Afu-r a few- months of mutually agreed truce. Ihe longest w.ir in American history is about Io recommence: the battle of tin- military budget is healing up on Capitol Mill. Caravans of green limousines are depositing grim-faced men in uniform in Ihe corridors, truckloads of I'l'iiiagnu papers are being summoned Io shore up defenses. On the other side ;ire 533 thoroughly baffled members of Congress. The fighl normally is about as one sided as kissing Ihe dead. At issue is the taxpayers' money. Some J'j.i Io 51(15 billion of il. depending on what figures ;ire used. The sum. as New Hampshire's Sen. Tom Mdntyrr has said. "numbs the mind. If you gave your wik- a million dollars and told her Io spend si,ODD a day. it'd take her lliree years. I sometimes can'l understand how Ihe military, which requests lOft.Ooo limes M million can spend it so fas!." The services, however, care little about the Mclnlyrc puzzlement. They are prepared to grapple to Ihe last ditch for tin- last penny. And what a force Ihey are. when the mission is fighting for.money. ,,pne eslimnle has it that Troni 25.000 tii v .Id'.OOO military people take" part'' in (preparing anrt'selling the-"budget. Small''" wonder they are known to routinely overrun the resistance offered by the Joint Armed Services committees, which must tako voting recommendations to Ihe full assemblies with less than six-do/en staff members participating. Not thai the resistance is all Ihat [ About people CHICAGO lUPIs - Mayor Richard Daley, for (he first lime in lliree elections, will not receive Ihe endorsement of the Chicago Tribune. The Tribuncsaid in its Sunday editions il would nol endorse any candidate in Ihe Democratic primary this year. Instead, the Tribune criticised Daley for allowing his administration to become "corrupt." and also said it did nnl believe Alderman Kill Singer, the leading can- didnle opposing Daley, could run (lie i-ily. In an editorial, the Tribune said Daley's administration has become "closed, stale and corrupt. Mr. Daley seems blinc: in tin 1 shocking behavior of his closes! associates, which has hrouglr. as much shame to Chicago in Ihe last two years as Al Capone did in Ihe 1920s.' i\'EW YORK UPI) - filafkos derides. a former Cyprio! president and speaker of (he Cypriot House of Representatives, says he will fight a move Io establish ;: Turkish Cypnat slate derides arrived Sunday for an appearance before the IJ.X. Security Council "We will explain to Ihe Security Council of the L'niled Nations the coup of" Ilio Turkish army." derides lokl reporters "To create a separate and independent stale would be wrong Wo will figh! against any independent .stale " turkey unilaterally proclaimed a Turkish Cypriol slnlc on a purlion of Ihe island Thursday. The Stews- Tribune Pufcl-iKed tier.Tq-. prt#pi 5.,-dny o- 3)6 ?e--. A v f Sou!\ No'rtpu Idaho 8365 1 t*y Cn^cn p,b! b^iiQ Co FnieretJcn vercra t'ou rn"- ·-. u i : Pw O"'ce si Nampo. Ida^o. i-nrter T;! .,' Mn-f 8 1379 All f O l C«\ r p f j j f j d 0? ''3~ '·' -"'I" 1 r '\ C O - ' I of co~pel"' ../-'id t i - o n 'o be p.-:-' 'S*:1 *·''/ * 'I hp pv.bl.iKrd i" -hi- Soluidn, ·«·,,« r.l |V - \ pnppf v,r IWTII -j \e:'ti 60 1QS I C '9A3 n- , McJ re-Mo byChapi*' 16-i 1933 Sen c-- .0-1 ^ -tan SUBSCRIPTION RATES Cooler, per monlri ' S3.25 Canier. per year S 3 9 0 0 BY MAIL (Paidmorf^nre: 1 moMh. $3 50 6 moniht S20 OC 3aionit.s . $10.25 1-yty dedicated. Tr.idilionally commillee thinking has been, as one House staffer says, to "lake a billion or two off to show the folks al home they're working hard. but otherwise go along." Tlic thinking of the commillee majorities, a large proportion of which ;irc also members of '.lie military reserves, is Ihat the nation c.in'l afford Io skimp on national defense. The Pentagon maximizes this sympathy, says budget critic and former Army (.(. Col. Kd King, by "telling (he committee members all (lie things that'll scare hcjabbers out of them, kit saying untiling more lhan thai." Ik-sides the scare tactics, the Pentagon uses ii kind of iluiiieslic pacification program to convince Ihe respective committees. Members arc rc-jjiilarlv invited Io top secret briefings, showered with personal attention, and treated to cocktail parlies, dinners and some other portions of the good life the military budget brings about. In fairness, it must be said that some members of (he joint committees are nol easily impressed. A few do make almost heroic efforts to slice through Ihe propaganda, But it's far from easy. The- 'arflwinjof relevant information on a single item of Iho'budge! could occupy a mem- bWs'llme fbr'a'm'ofilh; nb'bn'e can spare Ihe hours. "About the best they could do. if Ihey wanted to." says South Dakota's George McCJovern. "would be In simply figure Ihe budget is always 5 to 10 per cent loo high-ami lop off the obvious." When Ihe issue reaches (he House and Senate floors, io be sure, some members, as JldJnvo'rn. vole to lop off the obvious. Hut what's obvious to one may not be to atmlher--and there is precious litlle time for members to study Inward a consensus of Ihe obvious. During budget debate. House members arc limited ;o five minules of questions each, hardly enough- for a meaningful probe. In the end. says a New Vork representative, "unless ynit wanl Io get shrill, yon have Io make a hasty decision, based on very limited information. Voucan'l dwell on il forever. There.are thousands uf oilier voles yuu h.ivc Io make." So il is, when il comes down to it. Ihe Pentagon wins the budget battles because the oilier side has inferior manpower and logistics. It's a fool's way to deal with lax money, bul il goes on and on for no oll-.er reason lhan il has always gone on and on. "It's like dancing wilh a gorilla." complains an observer, "you can'l slop if you want in." Quirks. .. in the news VAI.DKMOItll.I.O. Spain (UPIt - Luis Segur.i. :I5. suffered a heart attack and died Sunday while fighting a bull al a festival. Segura was aclhiR as a banderillero the torero who slicks colored darts into Ihe bulls neck during the middle of the fighl. His death was Ihe first in a Spanish bullring since Portuguese matador Jose [·'alcnn was fatally gored in (lie Barcelona arena last summer. $Vtt $*m -ADAM I KALB- TH£ NEWS-TRIBUNE s.^evi Manngtf AHv O f R.dia.dColl-nn Ed.ioi 8 c^aid Wi'l n", r.i Mgi IDAHO FREE PRESS Jea- ne B'^ner, B^^-'itu Maiat,*' Lc-ry B Go-d-er. Ed.'o- C Koberi Bu'l, Adt D ,-ttlor J. C lirdho'rr- C-r O f KdlT Bn'tjgi. Ccmpoi-ng Fo'*?nan Choile\ McCoy. ?reii Fcrefroi Opinions 0xp'0si«d only in "Today's Editorial" rolumni rcpreionl ih« viawi of this ntwipcp«r. All ofhir comment! on Ihif page are the opinions of the wrilcii, wfxthtr mmb«n of Ihe newipaper't editorial board or nol We welcome Ittteri to UNCLE SAM WANTS (TO TRAIN SAUDI NATIONAL SUW?P TROOPS TO PROTECT OIL FIELDS UNITED STATES ) NLIST NOW Washington window A mini-liberal revolt Hy Arnold 11. WASHINGTON lUPU - A second look at the rank and file uprising that replaced lliree committee chairmen in Ihe House last 'iionth makes (he episode appear to be less of a victory for liberal Democrats than il firsl seemed. Americans fur Democratic Action, tin- unofficial arbiter of congressional voting on issues of concern Io liberals, has now- completed a study showing lhal the rcvoll in the House had some liberalizing effect on House committee leadership, bul (lie overall picture of 21 major committee ctiiiirnien remains on the conservative- side of Hie sralc. ADA rates members of Congress yearly on about 2ft voting issues. A perfect "liberal quotient" is 100. Using the ID7-I ratings, ADA found Ihat the nine outgoing chairmen, including the ousted trio of tt'.K Poage in Agriculture. Wright Patman in lianking and Currency and ¥. Kdivard Ileherl in Armed .Services, had an average liberal quotient of 25.5. Their nine replacements, including Thomas l-'nle.v. Henry Keuss and Mclvin Price in Ihe three spots changed by the revolt, had an average of 41.5. That increase of 1C points fully supports a conclusion that I hi- uprising liberalized the leadership of House committees, bul it should be noted (hat the average still is below 50 per cent. Bin ADA also struck an average liberal rating for the chairmen of all the major committees.and in Ihat measurement. Ihe change toward liberalism was less pronounced The average for the 21 chairmen of House committees in 1974 was :I2.9; the average in the new Congress is :i!l.B. well belnw the scale's mid-point. One reason for the only slighl overall movement loward liberalism was that four ·Sawislak nf the new chairmen actually were more conservative than Iheir predecessors. Perhaps Ihe mnsl telling demonstration of thai was the succession of Hep. Hay Kohnrls In chairmanship of the Veterans Alfairs Committee. His ADA rating was flat zero in 1974. He look over for former Hep. William Jennings Bryan Horn who had a rating of 9. The others in Ihis category were David Henderson. ADA rating 13. who succeeded Ihe retired Thaddcus Dulski. ADA 35. in the Post Office mill Civil Service Committee; John l-'lynl Jr.. ADA 26. who look over tlic tallies Conimidee from Mclvin Price, who had a -U: and Ifoberl Jones. ADA 22, who replaced Ihe retired John Blalnik, ADA 48. at Ihe helm of the Public Works Committee. There were Iwo oilier committee ch.iirm.iiisliip.s- changed because of retirement and in holh cases the new men had slightly higher liberal ralings than Iheir predecessors. .lack Brooks, rated 39, look over Ihe Uovernmcnl Operations Committee from Chcl Holificld, ADA 3D. and Al I'llman. ADA 57. replaced Wilbur Mills. ADA 35. in the key Ways and Means Committee. Hcuss. ADA %, is the most highly-rated liberal now heading a committee. His rating was a full 70 points higher lhan Caiman's, despite Ihe old chairman's reputation as a populisl maverick. Koley. with a 78 rating, replaced Poage. with a zero, and Price. -1:1, added 39 points Io Hebi-iTs rating of 4. Al present, there are only five House committee chairmen wilh ADA ralings higher lhan 50: Ui-ii.ss, Koley. Ullman. Peter Ifodino of Judiciary, w'ilh l]. aid I.eonor Sullivan of Merchant Marine and Fisheries wilh 57 Paul Harvey comments Not Vietnam again! 1 do no: believe our nation woultl go to war just In stimulate our economy. I will concede lhal il has happened heretofore-that to gel the people's minds off Iheir home-front problems a nation's leaders «ill tuke ihem inlo a foreign war. Kill surely not this country, nol this administration, nnl mm-. Vet here are overtures from the White flnuse winch do indeed suggest ,1 reiri- volvenicnl in Vietnam. I'lesidenl Kurd has asked Congress for S:iM million worth of fuel and ainmunilion for Ihe South Vietnamese regime nf President Thieti. In recent fighting, Thieu's lorces have been losing on all fronts, especially near Ihe Cambndian border. Our Slate Department calls these losses "a serious mailer." Serious for Thiou. indubitably. Unl n concern whatever of ours. If we ever had any obligation to perpetual? Thicu's form of dictatorship in Indochina, that obligation has been satisfied with -Is.Ouu American dead. .WO.rxxi wounded. SUffl billion and an incalculable 1 disruption of our own homeland. No more- As ihi-y sa\ w e say m Madison Ave., il may he Ilia: the r'nrd While House is merely running (his idea up the flagpole" to sec who il anyhridy salutes it. The [)r-ir.i'.-ra( leader of the Congress dors nol .Montana's Mike Mansfield says any additional rr.ililary aid for Soulli Vietnam anil nr Cainliwlia will be resisted in Cungri-ss Mansfii-M says, "Addition,-)) aiil means more killing, more fighting, and that's got to stop smnclimr It's up to those people l» sellle their own differences themselves -n Iheir own way ' .lust last month Congress appropriated half of wh.il Ihe administration had sought for those Iwo nations. More ominous is (he movement of a l.'.S. Navy (ask force from (he Philippines to the Indian Ocean These ships, led by the nuclear carrier Knlcrprisc, were moved menacingly closer Io ibc Vietnam fighting-the transparent inference being thai we arc threatening to protect the Thicu government wilh our planes. And despite I In- resistance of his own parly's leader. Chairman .lnlin Slennis, D- Miss., nf tin- Senate Armed Services Commillee says, "If there is real proof nf need for additional aid for South Vietnam, then I would take the lead in helping gel more money." This sounds like a bad dream! The recent saber-rattling by Present Kord and Secretary Kissinger- over bolh Indochina and (lie Middle l-'asl-suggeMs we have forgollen the agony. Ihe anguish and the awful waste of a while man's war in Asia. Or else the cynicism is valid that leaders slill will march their unemployed inlo Ih'; furnace- I Today's thought odcii approval by Ihe editorial board. Tin- (.mil inkclli pleasure In llirm that fp.ir him. in Ihnsr* Ibal hnpp in his morr\. Psalm 117:11. U'e do nul break moral laws, we only break our own lives when we lie or cheal or slc.il. \Vn find lie.ilini; whenever we ^el back ih ;.. i . $350 billion budget , "--- · · - · .^---- ^ ^ Down to the bare bones? WASIllNGTON-iLENSi-Anvone who Ijclieves thai the American economy needs strong fiscal stimulus can only be reassured by the budget ifor the fiscal year which begins in July that 1'residenl Ford has sent to Congress. This is so not only because of the very large estimated deficit of 552 billion: bill also because of the near-certainty that the deficit will turn out Io be much larger than that. The reason is that the estimated expenditure total of 53-19.1 billion assumes congressional approval of a $17 billion package of unpopular reforms to reduce spending, nearlj ail uf which is almost sure to be rejected. Consequently the spending total will be much larger than $349 billion. And Congress seems (k'tennined to block some of Iho higher (axes on oil as well. The budget, and the accompanying Kconomic Keporl of Hie President, present an astonishingly grim picture of the outlook for (he economy, at least as far as unemployment is concerned. Even though Ihe I wo documents assume thai the present sleep slidewll cease some lime Ihis year ami will he succeeded by an upturn--helped in part by the stimulus from Ihe budgel-lhcy see liillr lessening of unemployment for some lime to come. The forecast is for an unemployment rate averaging S.I uer cent of Ihe labor force in )97.i lil «as 7.1 per cent in December i and 7.9 per cenl in Ihe election yeiir of 1U7C. Unemployment in Hie United Slates has nol exceeded 8 per cent since the Great Depression of Iho 1930s. These projections are based on a cautious judgment Ihut Ihi- recovery late Ihis year and in 197G will nol be very vigorous, in spite of the President's proposed SIS billion stimulus for the economy through lax reduction, Ihis io consist mainly of a S12 billion rebate of r.174 taxes iin individual incomes, which is allowed for in Ihe estimate of the budget deficit. Congress is very likely to approve a lax reduction of Ihis magnitude or a linkmore: though in somewhat different form. Bill it is unlikely to approve Ihe President's proposals to reduce ex- IH.'lldilUl'e. So the budget deficit for (he fiscal year 1976, ending a year from next June, might now be lose to S70 billion. Would this in fact make fiscal policy more stimulative and ensure a stronger recovery? Given tlie existence of a deep recession, few economists share the fears of William Simon, the secretary of Ihe Treasury.' thai Treasury borrowing to cover even the officially projected deficits--a two-year lolal of S87 billion in Ihe period from mid- 1974 in mid-1971",, nearly all of which lies alicad-will slrain the capital markets. Hut adding another SI5-S20 billion may cause a few palpitations in (he heart of even the slontesl Keyncsian. Hoy Ash. Hie onlgoing budget director, has disagreed openly with Simon's worries about the deficits projected at present, but he has added ;i warning- "The last $17 billion is much harder Io borrow) than (he firsl SIT billion." With business demand for credit likely la he higher than normal for a recession'[in Foreign commentary part because prices continue to riifei, mammoth Treasury borrowing might preempt credit from such sectors as housing and make il impossible for less creditworthy firms to sell Jebl securities. In tjjat event the Treasury borrowing itself wpjld lend Io abort the recovery. . S The Kederal Reserve Board could setve (he problem by a massive increase iti-lhc money supply, but many fear that (hat would all but guarantee a revival of jti- flalion in 1976 and later. £ In its accompanying report the Council of Economic Advisers was anything j\n bullish in its forecast for Ihe economy l^jer this year and in 1976, although il ^Jid suggesl cautiously that there would bcf''a move on to the road of recovery in jfiie second half of 1875.-" ij This was based on analysis of all tjjie main factors of demand: as alwato- husiness investment: housing, stocks, consumer -purchases and governmeA)-- bul il was more than usually humble^ The humility was well taken, but fcta a reason Ihe council could not mention :?fie total uncertainty about what Congress Still do: particularly about Ihe President's complex energy program, whichJhis designed Io secure a very large increas^in prices of oil and natural gas. '{j The council admitted that Ihis program would have a slighl "drag" effect on real demand early in the year and would iyjd to the rale of inflation, bul the Economic Keporl insisted that altogether the President's program is stimulative. No doubt il would be. Bui seldom has an Economic Report been so academic, given the vast confusion in Congress. Fortunately, even if the President and Congress reach a lolal deadlock on energy, as seems quite possible, economic stimulus can proceed via lax reductijjf. Apart from its fiscal policy aspecls.iitje President's budget, as always, provides an important insight inlo where the government stands and where il is going, and alsj inlo the President's own priorities $ri concerns. Several features stand out. --Partly because of inflation bul partly also because he wants a rise in real terms for the Defense Department. Mr. Ford has asked Congress Io approve an increase'^ some S10 billion in spending on defense. Even at the proposed figure of $92.8 billiftn. spending on defense would continue-Ho decline as a proportion of the total budget and of the gross national product. --For the firsl lime in memory ^j president lias proposed essentially no new government program at all. He has put oS national health insurance and reform of the public assistance system indefinitely because both would be cosily. . -if Mow the whole affair goes to Ihe \ts- prodiclable Congress, which has large Democratic majorities in each chamber. But Ihe ierm "Democrats" is misleading. II is nol far from the truth to say that for every Democratic member, there is''^ different idea of what should be done. The' only reasonable certainly in this siluafioft ' is lhal Ihe budget deficil will be sub-' slantially larger than Ihe President's 1 estimate--for belter or worse. ' ' (NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN : Kremlin leadership issue Fly K.C LONDON (UP!i - Soviet Communist Party General Secretary I.conid I. Brezhnev's reappearance has nol resolved a continuing Kremlin leadership problem. Brezhnev's demonstrative participation this week in talks with visiting British Prime Minister Harold Wilson has confounded a variety of diagnoses from Kremlinologisls «lm had him dying of leukemia or ousled from power. Whatever the facls. (he truth remains lhal Ihe Soviet linion has a leadership problem because its ruling trio is overage wilh no obvious successors in sight. Brezhnev is 68 and Io all accounts, ill. Premier Alexei N. Kosygin and Prcsidenl Nikolai V Podgorny are both over 70. Modern diplomacy makes increasing demands on government leaders al home and abroad. They musl travel abroad and be available for prolonged and iiring negolialinns. Kxperls have studied Ihe Soviet scene carefully for Ihe past few weeks. None h.is been able Io come up with a convincing The lighter side a Thaler candidate for (he top job in the Kremlin!. Significantly, communist diplomats also 1 have conceded in private conversations" that they can see at present no likeTv'' successor. -.f.?j Neither of the Iwo other members of the 1 -' ruling trio - Podgorny or Kosygin -quali'' fies for (he key leadership, if only because iney are even older than Brezhnev and Ibo 1 'much identified as second-liners. v' r The Soviet hierarchy is known for ilS'-' reluctance to pick a young man for (he top' 1 ' job for .fear he might seek to initiate'"! reforms in ideaiogy and policy. .'····· The few likely candidates from th'e ' present ranks of the Politburo mcnlionerf/f m recent assessments are all in their 60s some in their late CDs. Even the younger"' members of the Politburo are in (heir Ial6 , Soviet affairs experts believe lhal tho^ Present lrio . therefore', will carry on in ' "^ r 'I 01 ..'orocklheboal. while the ranks ·a the Politburo will be scanned quietly for a new collective leadership. Military mind at work Hj Dick Wcsl WASHINGTON (UPli - The scene-'an Army tem in a wooded area somewhere in Jj^" , ' ."? ll !?' are no lor| gcr hazar- re Kentucky. Two stars attached Io Ihe cn irance flap designate il as the field headquarters of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S IVulljack. commander of the -Mid Anli- Blackbird Brigade. "All right, men, Ihis is il." "We move out al oh-fivc- hundred hours and hit 'em wilh everything we've got Am- questions?" Col. BurnsideTemplehair looks up from a map he has been intently perusing "How many of them are there, sir?" "Based on (he latest reconnaissance bv Ihe birdwatchers patrol, (;-2 estimates 12 million, give or lake a couple of warblers that may have gotten counted in bv mistake." Maj. Jackson Wallstone of chemical Wi "l ilr '; TM" m ^ fil g"s the spray gun on Ihe table in front of him. "I look parl in a couple of defoliation missions in Vietnam, bul this will he mv first experience wilh defealheralion I et me sec if I've got it slraighl "Our exlL-rminalion forces from Port Campbell invade the roosting area and spray Ihe blackbirds with Tcrgilol The chemical causes their feathers to (all off and Ihe fords have to walk upon the dous to aviation." Bulljack lurns'red. "No. Wallstone." he nunders you ve got it all wrong. The ita^rML^i"'"-* v . ", ""- s^i meir teet wet they catch double pneumonia and die." ' ihol.'bl Cf 11(rnl ' ee '-aslstand pounds stuff about anyway?" he roars. "1 saTwc «|l a nuke 'em back to .he Stone A £ " C,K ,r" ,1, r dir , ccl "PP^ch myself, Ulster, the general says soothingly, "but »«r hands are tied by the 1971 SovicV I h% IM l! Ornithol °6i^''l Treaty which forbids the «» of nuciear weapons on anv biros smaller man scmipalmaled Wai stone savs, "What happens if (hoM=/ bleeding heart, do-gooder wildlife grou^-, who aro nn ^;^ Operation Coldfecl kriil ' ' birds after we spray i the. ---·'··.-'b. "uiijacn'replies. "If blackbirds don't freeze Io dealh. we inlo a pic." a " d h ' lke lllet "-''

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