Tribune Editorial Page Opinion - Analysis - Interpretation (JKKKI.KY (Colo.) T H I H U N H M o n d a y . Mny I. 1072. Pago I H Pause and Ponder For the Lord knoweth (lie way of Hie righteous but the way of the ungodly shall perish.-- Psalms 1:6 Primaries Best Method So Far *~-' Â· Stirrings in Congress and elsewhere and a '' national poll indicating that more than 70 per cent j; of the American people favor a national primary '' election to nominate candidates for president to give substantial momentum to the idea. Â· In Congress Senators Mansfield and Aiken have introduced a bill for a constitutional amend- merit that would establish federal nominating pri- 'maries. Senator Packwood would settle fot five regional primaries with a federal commission cal' ling the shots. Rep. Gerald Ford sides with Senators Mansfield and Aiken. Finally, Robert Finch, a presidential assistant, believes the answer is to have states conduct nominating primaries under jfederal supervision. Â· While these proponents of a. change vary widely on details, they do appear to agree that the ' present system of having the states decide how best to select is a "sideshow" -- or, at best, an exhausting, expensive and confusing process. : A good argument can be made that the pri- '.maries, which attract great public attention, arc exhausting and costly and do have some of the qualities of a Barnum Bailey presentation. This, ;however, begs the questions of whether this necessarily is bad, or whether the substitute is not ; worse. : After all, the present primary systems have produced many candidates who are anything but irich. Moreover; it would cost a great deal more to run iii 51 primaries than it does in the present 23, Tlie candidates would be farther removed from ibeloved "grass roots" -- the people -- and they they would be forced to rely more upon the images created by television than on the substance of regional public debate. The great value of the state primary elections is the dynamism and the vigor they create in examining the spectrum of issues generated across the United States. Federating the primaries would sap their vigor and give great power to the very large stales where campaigns would be concentrated. Even diluting the present state primaries by some form of federal supervision of local activity would still pose this danger. To be sure, the primary ejections are exhausting. On the other hand, so is the office of President. As the present campaign so clearly exhibits, there is great virtue to the weeding out process that the exhaustion creates. The idea of a nationwide federal primary first arose during the Progressive Party movement of the early 1900s. President Woodrow Wilson recommended it in his first message to Congress in 1013; others have suggested it since. The reason that it has not caught fire is that as bad as the states' approach to the nominating of presidents may bo, all ideas for a replacement have been far worse. :: Joseph Alsop o Charlie' Falls m : t By JOSEPH ALSOP PLEIKU, South Vietnam - By happenstance, this reporter came , straight from the scene of Hanoi's heavy defeat in the north to the scene of the Saigon government's most, Â·dangerous defeat in the Central High- jlands. The inglorious phase of Ihe fight- Â· ing here ended some days ago. Yet the story is slill worth telling. Normally, lo begin with, it is a stirring experience to drop in on the II Corps advisory headquarters of John Paul Vann, the brave and brilliant man who is also the most experienced American in this country. This time, however, it was a mite chilling. The signs were clear from the moment of arrival that all was far from well in II Corps. The central sign was the darkly Scorning problem of Col. Le 'Due Dat. For Saigon political reasons, Col. Dat had been imposed upon a reluctant 11 Corps as the commander of the ARVN 22nd Division. A Dangerous Conviction Alikable, inlelligent officer, Col. Dat . nonetheless hadj the fatal, once common : conviction, already so sharply dis- ; proved by the fighting elsewhere, lhal i Norlh Vietnamese would always beat South Vietnamese. II was an acutely dangerous conviction, for Â· forces amounting lo three North Vietnamese . divisions were, already in movement, . wilh Kontum Cily as .their ultimate : goal. : On the road to Konlum lay Col. Dat's ; main base al Tan Canh, known here: abouls as "Tango Charlie." By the Â· afternoon of April 22, "Tango Charlie" '- was already under heavey artillery fire. Yel a resigned fatalism was the ; chief response. Â· Nest morning, John Paul Vann, Â· therefore new his litlle bubble helicop- ; ler up lo "Tango Charlie," landing ; under fire as usual, wilh two purposes. Â· One was lo stiffen Col. Dat. The other -- 'Â·_ Jor Vann already saw bad grouble com- Â·' ing -- was to pre-plan the helicopter . evacuation of the 22nd Division's American advisers, if Ihe need arose. N'oAirSupporl The need duly arose simply because events at "Tango Charlie" then lÂ«ik exactly the opposite course of similar events in the northern provinces. In the north, at Ihc most critical time, Ihe ARVN unites had. had almosl nn air support. They had killed the enemy's tanks wilh their own light antitank weapons. And they had repelled the Norlh Vietnamese infantry wilh murderous obstinacy. On the night of April 23 and Ihe nc-xl morning, "Tango Charlie" bad all Die air support Col. Dat could ask for. Air support killed about half of the enemy's tanks.but the rest came on rdenllessly. The lanks were not killed on the ground eilher, so "Tango Charlie" fell to a simple tank assault, considerably be fore the Norlh Vietnamese infantry even appeared upon the scene. John Vann promptly look personal charge of rescuing the U.S. advisers from !he enemy's midst. He and oilier far younger pilots, Bob Richards and DolphTodd, flew uncounted missions in the fragile bubble helicopters Vann thinks best for such tasks of skill and daring. Heart In Your Mouth Both helicopters were hard hit by enemy fire. In the end, Vann's own helicopter was destroyed in a ground accident andhewasslightly injured. Before the enemy could reach them, he and his little-party were lifted off by slill an other chopper. Yet, wilh all the skill and courage shown, only part of the American ad/isory group got oul lhat first day. In such hard cases, however, one must pray for miracles but not rely upon them. And until you have agonizingly listened, hour after hour, lo Ihe cool radio challer of brave men skill- f u l l y coping with this kind of hard case, you do nol know the almost'literal trulh of (he old phrase aboul having your heart in your moulh. Today In History liy Till' ASSOCIATED I'RKSS Today is Monday, .May I, Ihe 122nd day of 1372. There are 241 days lefl in the year. Today is May Day. Today's highlight in hislory: On this date in 1693, pn American naval force under Adm. George Dowcy deslroycd a Spanir.h fleet in Manila Bay. On this dale: In 1847, the cornerstone was laid for Ihe S m i t h s o n i a n i n s t i t u t i o n in Washington, D.C. In 18V3, the U.S. Post Office put penny post cards on sale for Ihc firsl lime. In 1893, the Columbian Kxposilinn opened in Chicago. In 1931, Iho world's lallest building, the F.mpire Slate Building, was Â·dedicated in New York. In 1945. the G e r m a n radio announced the death of Adolf liillcr. Thought for loday: The way out of Irouble is never ;.s simple ai Ihe way i n - K i l Howe, American w r i t e r Such, then, is Ihe story of the fall of "Tango Charlie," which opens the road to Konlum Cily. For Ihe Saigon government, il could half nullify all successes altained elsewhere. But one musl wait and see about lhat. Copyright 1972 Los Angeles Times Letters to the Tribune RE-9 Pierce Party Highly Successful To The Tribune: A hearly thank you to all of the faculty, sponsors, and each and everyone thai had apart in he highly successful Re 8 7lh and 8th grade party at Pierce, lasl Friday evening. The success or failure of a parly is apparent by the remarks, actions, participation .activities and obvious enjoyment of Ihe guests. I have heard nothing bul good from parents and children alike concerning the fun that was had by all. at Ibis parly. By the decorations, and all of the extras, il was very easy lo see lhat much work and thought had gone inlo Ihis gala affair. When we arrived at 10 p.m. lo pick up our youngsters, it was easy lo sec Ihc party was a huge success, as it was still going strong, and so were Hie sponsors and young people alike. All kinds of activities had been arranged so there would be somelhing for all Die young pnple lo enjoy. This look a lot of extra work and supervision for a well organi/ed party. It was a lot of effort, and we know it, and perhaps by Ihis public nolc of Ihanks yon all might know how very much we all appreciate such a well organized and chaperoned parly. Thank each and everyone of you, so very much. Mrs. A. I,. Andersen Jr. Box 89, Ault Current Quotes "I d o n ' l t h i n k I'm a strict d i s c i p l i n a r i a n nt a l l . I set some rather high standards l h a t I cx- pccl Ihem lo live up to."-C'apt. Alone D u e r k , n o m i n a t e d to become t h e f i r s l lady a d m i r a l in t h e U.S. N a v y , mi wbal she re- (|kires of nurses under her direction. "EXPECT OI/R'S'OUTH VIETNAMESE Â· WiMMINGITOD OF DEPOSITING.* One Yearto Live! By RICHAUD K1SONAK LEWISTON, Maine ( A P ) -- I am scheduled to die this year. For several months a mysterious, fatal disease, the name of which I can barely pronounce, has' quietly and determinedly been waging a hellish war on my muscular system. It will continue to do this, the doctor says, until I am paralyzed -- and die. I found out about it on a raw, windy day last November. Since then my life has been a whole new ball game, and I don't know how I am going lo react when it is obvious that my lime is up. It is a very rare disease called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and it results in degeneration and hardening of portions of the spinal cord. In time this brings on extreme weakness and, finally, paralysis and death. Lou Gehrig's Disease Many years ago the same disease look the life of Lou Gehrig, the famous New York Yankee slugger.. It is often called Lou Gehrig's Disease. The medical profession doesn't know what causes it. I have agreed to put my feelings down on paper because of the possibility that what I have lo say might be of some help in the future to somebody else. My message, for what it is worth, is that I have been able lo adjusl menially to a point where I am able lo cope so far with this awful thing lhat is pulling me down. Things aren't the same any more, of course, but at the same time my life is more beautiful and meaningful than ever before. For almost 19 years I was a newsman lor The Lewiston Daily Sun. The first signs that something was terribly wrong showed up about the middle of last year. I was losing weight, and also I began having a smalj speech problem. There was a slight slurring of some words when I spoke. At first it didn't concern me too much, as I figured it was caused by my dentures. I had the dentures realigned -- but the speech problem grew steadily worse. A throat examination turned up nothing wrong there. Things Nolictler Summer went and autumn came and things were no belter. Because of the speech problem, I was intentionally avoiding people. By now there was a slight twitching of my tongue. Following a thorough e x a m i n a t i o n , a specialist I wenl lo see smiled and said he could find nothing wrong wilh me physically. Ho was 90 per cent certain, he added, that my speech and tongue problem was caused by an emotional thing. "Are you happy wilh your work? Do you have a problem at home w i t h your wife or kids?" Negative on Ixilh counts, I insisted, lie insisted that n i l my signs were normal but Dial, if I wished, he'd arrange fur me lo he examined by a Portland specialist in neurology. Make an appointment, I said, and I went home wondering if I were beginning lo lose some marbles upstairs. D n c l n r W a s J-Tle The appointment was on Nov. n last year, Ihc traditional Armlslicc Day observance. The doctor was very late. Later I was to wjrfi t h a t he hadn't shown up at all. I remember t h a t visil vividly: We were in a side room and the doclor, a bland look masking his features, signalled thai t h e examination was over, lie said, "(Jet dressed, then get your wife." They were the lasl words he would spenk to mo. Moments later Beverly anil I sal before him side by silicon hard rh.iirs, waiting. The doctor, a young man wilh finely chiseled features and burning eyes, fingered a paper on his desk lor what seemed like an eternity. Then he turned to Beverly and said, "Your husband has a fatal disease. "It is called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis," Ihe doctor was saying, his eyes glued on a paperweight on his desk. "It also is known as Lou Gehrig's Disease." Tlie room was spinning crazily and my chest was on the verge of exploding. My arms were numb. In my head, the pounding intensified. Etchings uf Shock "I believe in being frank," Ihe doctor was telling Beverly. I looked at her. All over her face were Ihe etchings of shock. Beverly was staring at the doctor, and her eyes were unbelieving. "There is no cure," the doctor was saying: "There is no medication for it." My heart was pounding madly, as I tried to digest what has happened. I couldn't believe it was .happening to me. Say you are joking, doclor. Please say it isn't so. Please'! "He has all the symptoms," the doclor said to Beverly. I managed lo untangle the knots in my t h r o a t . I m u t t e r e d , "Gawwd Damn." The doctor was explaining that it isn't a contagious disease. And it isn't a hereditary disease, he wenl on, in an apparent move lo lake some of Ihe sling oul Of it for my wife and family. Beverly came across wilh Ihe question that I didn't dare ask. How long did f have lo live? The doctor answered quickly, bluntly. "One year -- if he's lucky." Somewhere a siren was wailing. II was in another world. I got up, walked sluggishly lo Ihe inside wall in the doclor's office and slammed my fist hard against it. Waste of Timr Don't bother running to other doctors, hoping for another diagnosis, the doclor was telling my wife. It would be a waste of time and money. I should go home and enjoy what lime I have left. I bad an urge lo walk over lo bis desk and break his nose with my fist. We told HID children (he same nighl. Our kids are Richard Jr., 17, and Janis, 15, both students at Lewiston High School, and Wayne, 11, a f i f t h grader at Martel School. We called them to the kitchen before supper and told them what Ihe doclor had said. When we'd finished, they cried. Wayne rubbed his eyes with his left hand and complained, "Bui Ihis only happens on television!" I-'our days laler, al Central Maine General Hospital in Lewislon, special Icsls confirmed Ihe diagnosis. Conf i r m a l i o n was no surprise. Already I was beginning to adjusl. A year if I'm lucky, Ihc Portland doclor had said. If it was only nine months, lhal still gave me lime lo gel in a bunch of living! Al home a couple days later, a friend dropped by and asked, "How does it 'Â·'! lo he told voii are dying?" The firs! nights bring nightmares. In my dreams I die in wicrd, color splashed ways. I attended my own f u n e r a l -- twice. In Ihe morning I immndi.nlcly am reminded lhal I am dying. I am unable at firsl lo read Ihc obituary page in the morning newspaper. Noxl arc Ihc leg cramps, another syinplom of a m y o l r o p h i c l a t e r a l sclerosis. Periodically Die;' have inn boiling out of hod in the middle of Ihc nijjhl. I made up my mind lo live one day al a limn, enjoying life lo I ho fullesl, and MJOII I was doing just l h a l . A wonderful, imiloi standing wife and children make' il possiblr. U. S. Seeks Global Dope Curbs B y J A M K S C A H Y ,' Copley News Service WASHINGTON - The Unilcd Slates, for Ihc l.isc six months, has been attempting to organize n massive world effort ngninst the international drug trnftic. The heart of the program -- never previously disclosed -- is n series of narcotics action plans Washington hopes to enter into individually with 57 either nations. Ench plan is tailored to meet the needs and political condition's peculiar to the nation to which it applies, In nearly all cases, some, form of .aid is involved. Jeeps, helicopters, boats, radios, training nt customs officials, ^urveil- lance equipment and weapon's are'lypi- 'cal of the forms of assistance Ijial will .go to the participating nations. The effort this year is expected to. cost $30 million. Slightly more than $50 million is expected lo be expended next year if all requests for funds are approved. , / The Agency for I n t e r n a t i o n a l Development will administer most of the money. Some will be expended by other agencies operating in the n a r - cotics field including tlie Bureau of Narcotics and-Dangerous Drugs. The first tip-off of the scope of the new U.S. effort came in remarks made al a recent Slate Department briefing by Nelson Ciross, senior adviser arid coordinator for international narcotics matters lo Secretary of Slate William Kogers. In speaking on another narcotics issue, lie mentioned, in passing, that Thailand is one of 57 countries where the Uniled States is developing -narcotics control action plans. A check revealed that the plans are far advanced but negotiations of agreements on the action programs have begun in only 10. Â· ' Â· They arc France, Mexico; Turkey, Thailand, Laos, South Vietnam, Pakis- t a n , Afghanistan, Irani the Philippines, Canada, Germany, Italy, Paraguay, Argentina and Yugoslavia. Gross' office will not release the names of the other nations until negotiations nn a final action plan agreement have begun, [i is known, however, that no Communist nations art'involved at this time. Â·' . . "V Nevertheless, he leaves no doubt about his feelings on the importance of what is being attempted. "This international control plan is an integral part of the administration's drive against narcotics," he said. "The whole program is double-edged, planned and directed to hit at both supply and demand. "To attack only iho supply -- or only the demand -- would be fighting with one hand tied behind our back..What is required is coordinated action in the fields of intelligence, enforcement, customs interdiction al our borders, and specialized narcotics diplomacy aboroad." Another U.S. official who has been in nn the scheme since its inception last year puts it even more strongly: "This is where it is," he said. "This is it. This is central to what we need to do." , By September or early fall Ihc United States hopes lo have working 'agreements signed with al least 50or more of the 57 nations for which plans have been developed. Gross' office says intelligence and law enforcement will have lop priority in each program. It is anticipated lhat customs agents from many of Ihe af- feclcd nations will be brought to the United Stales for for training. The equipment lo be provided each nation will be loaned, given, temporarily transferred or sold as surplus military equipment under, any one of various programs now used by government agencies. "No disagreement has ever been resolved by walking away from it."-Teamsters Union President Frank E, Fitzsimmons, saying in a speech he will not join other labor leaders in resigning from the Pay Board, Greeley Daily Tribune And The Greeley Republican Published every weed d*Y evtfi'tni) by Ihe "Iribvrn Republican Pwbllihlng Ce. CHIicf, 7MIN1SI.. Gr.t1Â«/.Colo.,HÂ«JI.Frlt/Â«}SJ. 0311. Mildred lliiucr, Second IAÂ» pottage pÂ«tf Al Gritty, Colo wtmher ol UK? AttolÂ«lÂ«d prm. Coplay Hrw* t^i vice. Co'of Ado Preu Ann., In'lnd Â»il/ Preu Mm , Aud,! D u r e t j ol Circulation. l u u f l 10 ll't Inhurt Republican Pub- IUhlmi Co. Ly C.itclt, Ty[XJ. UMphical Union Ho iS6.
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