Las Cr MAY SHE FLY OVER TOKYO jnruw ID RIO GRANGE f; SlMMy NlWSPflPEA SERVtHO SOUTHERN NEW MEXICO THE WEATHER Forccait: Fair tonight and TtÂ»Â«- day; warmer tonight and tomorrow. Last 24 Hours Hlfh Low Laa Cruces 54 27 State College 59 18 Jornado Range 63 19 Vol. 64--No. 261 ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE LAS CHUCES. NEW MEXICO. MONDAY AFTERNOON FEBRUARY 5. 1945 ASSOCIATED PRESS PHOTOS PRICE THREE CENTS AMERICAN FLAG AGAIN FLIES OVER MANILA Allies Slash Colmar Pocket in Two, Trapping 10,000 Germans in Vosges; Yanks Hack at Last Siegfried Zone By JAMES M. LONG PARIS, Feb. 5 (AP) -- American tanks and French Moroccan mourilain troops cut the Colmar pocket in two today, trapping elements of perhaps three German divisions in the MEMORIAL SERVICES FOR YANKS KILLED ON LEYTE By WALLACE PERRY Â·A lot of farmers - like a lot of Vosges mountains south of Strasbourg. business men, in their relationships v/ith a chamber of commerce -are careless about affiliation with it farm and livestock organization. They'd just as soon let "the other fellow" look out for their interests. + * * For, after all, that's what a farmers' organization is for--just as a chamber of commerce is designed to promote the interests of all business men in a town: To protect the interests of farmers and livestock growers when such matters as control prices, priorities on this and that, freight rates, looking after labor supplies or legislation--either state or fed- oral--become vital issues. + + * And the men who take the least interest in general organization -either business or farm -- usually are the ones who complin mfist about leaders "falling down on the job" or "never doing anything" when something goes wrong. + * * I raise the question just now because the Dona Ana County Farm and Livestock Bureau is in the midst of a campaign for new members-- pec, And because the Dona Ana County Farm and Livestock Bureau has less than half as many members as it ought to have, if it's to make real progress in accomplishing its objectives for the benefit of the Mesilla valley. American tanks of Maj. Gen. Frank W. Milton's 21st corps crashed down from south of Colmar while the Moroccans advanced from north of Mulhouse in a combined gain .of eight miles. The pocket, reduced to less than 200 square miles by midnight, was virtually erased and the threat to "Strasbourg from the south was eliminated. In the center of the western front where the American first army has penetrated the Siegfried Line, infantry captured one of the Roer river headwater -dams and won high ground controlling another. The Americans were fighting 13 miles inside Germany in the Schnee Eifel-Snow Mountain- and were within a mile of Gemund and Schleiden, Siegfried Line bastions at the eastern edge of the last west wall fortifications. +Hui'k at Last Siegfried Zone Battle dispatches said the line iad been broken clear through be- wetn the German towns at a point .8 miles from the Rhine city of Bonn and 16 from the communica- ions hub of Euskirchen. As the first army hacked away t the last concrete zone of the double Siegfried lirit, the third army just south drove a mile and a half into the single belt defenses The biggest thing before the farmers -- as well as the business men--of the valley just now, it seems to me, is the campaign that's under way for more equitable freight rates on farm products. I include business men in the issue because, if better freight rates arc obtained for farm products, it means more farm crops sent to the larger markets for higher profits and, as a result, more money drifting through business channels. * * * But there's new legislation before both New Mexico legislature and national congress which directly affects valley farming. There are questions of farm- machinery supplies, to be pushed back into civilian production as rapidly as possible. There are problems of irrigation- water supply--threatened by promotions of other storage projects on the upper Rio Grande. And there are myriad economic questions, which don't fall into j any one classification, in which : the interests of farmers are directly in'conflict with those of other producers or with union labor. * * * This is an era of organization-of pressure groups and strong-arm tactics. If the farmers don't organize-if they don't form therselves into impressive groups, as to .numbers - they're going to be shouldered off to one side when other groups are pressing for this and that. And no organization can be an effective force toward getting what it wants -- what its members need, if they are to prosper -- if it's known that it represents only a small percentage of the group it j is supposed to represent. Stale's First Car of Pecans Goes to Market The first carload lot of pecan nuts shipped out of New Mexico is on its way to Chicago from the Stahmann farms, H. J. Schifferle, sales manager, stated today. The shipment contained 70,000 pounds of the 250,000-pound crop harvested at the farm, the largest pecan orchard in the world, pecans being grown on the same land with cotton, alfalfa and other crops. Nuts were of high grade, Mr. Schifferle stated, and carried a top grading certificate. They were sold at a good price, Mr. Schifferle said.' A second carload shipment is being arranged for the California market, where Mesilla valley pecans are proving in heavy demand In addition to the first carload shipment of nuts from the state the farms shipped over the weekend what probably is the first car- lot of pecan nursery stock. The young trees were grown at the Stahmann nursery, which has been in operation for a number of years at Santo Tomas, south of Las As Catholic buddies kneel, Capt. F. X. Shannon (back to camera) conducts Catholic memorial mass for soldiers of an Infantry regiment killed on Leyt e Island, Philippines. Rifle squad flanks "honor dead" casket and other regimental friends stand in background. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Carps}. against only mediocre resistance, The third was six miles in Germany and three and a half from Prum, a Siegfried fortress. 10,000 Germans Trapped As many as 10,000 Germans were perhaps doomed by the severance of the Colmar pocket. Maj. Gen. Roderick Allen's 12th Hellcat armored division linked up with (Continued on page 4) Lincoln Banquet Is Planned Here The Dona Ana County Republican Women's club i^ sponsoring a Lincoln day banquet Feb. 12 at 7 p.m. at Tortugas Grill, Main ;trect, Mrs. L, L. Roby, club president, announced today. A chicken dinner will be served and reservations will be available for about 150. The event is open to the public, Mrs. Roby stated, and a few reservation tickets still can be secured. J. Benson Newell is chairman of the entertainment committee, and the main speaker will be Jos. G. Bennis, El Paso attorney. Mr. Bennis will be introduced by Lytton Taylor, also of El Paso, who is widely known in Dona Ana county. Phillip Hubbell, Republican state chairman, has notified county chairmen that there will be no statewide Lincoln's Day banquet this year, as the committee desires to cooperate in the general ]rh to reduce travel. meR Russians, Nazis Duel Over Oder; To Flank Berlin LONDON, Feb. 5 (m -- German and Russian guns duered across the the Oder today and Marshall Gregory Zhukov moved first White Russian army tanks and infantry to the river line along a front of 140 miles, threatening to outflank Berlin through nortu Germany as Â·ell as in the south. The German high command said violent Russian attacks were in )rogress against the Oder rivet 'ortress of Kustrin. Outflank Kustrui, Berlin Latest official M o s c o w announcements told of the capture of Banvaldc, 38 miles northeast of :he German capital, in an 18-mile advance which outflanked Kustrin on the north and placed Russian spearheads within 45 miles of the Baltic port of Stettin at the mouth of the Oder. Zhukov's tanks thrusting toward Stettin in a threat to topple that port and circle Berlin on the north were traveling in radio silence, Moscow said, but were believed to be cutting behind enemy groups. German accounts, far ahead of Prepare to Bomb Own Capital officials Moscow announcements in that area, told of Red army penetrations to the area of Schwedt, on the Oder, 28 miles south of Stettin. Legislators in Opening Session Offer Few Bills SANTA FE. Feb. 5 l/Pt -- The New Mexico legislature began the final three days of the first half of Its 17th session today amid Indications of a modern low record for the number of bills introduced. The legislative calendar schedules the first 30-day meeting to adjourn at .noon Thursday. After a 30-day recess, the assembly reconvenes for the last half of the session. 112 Bills In Hopper The total of proposed laws stood at 212 as the legislators reconvened at 11 a. m. after a recess since midweek: 137 measures in the house and 85 in the senate. Senator Burton Roach said investigating subcommittee reports on the Carrie Tingley Hospital, the School of Mines and the state sanatorium were expected to be presented to the senate today. Roach is chairman of the group which investigated the Tingley hospital and is a member of the others. 60 More Bills Appear But approximately GO new pieces of legislation were proposed today as legislators, returning after a long weekend recess, gave the hoppers their greatest workout of the session. Included in more than thirty new house measures were those to (Continued on page 2) LIVES OF 3700 IN JEOPARDY AS NIP BARGAINS FOR YANK TRUCE; SECOND LIBERATION IS LARGEST cavalry division, Gen. British and Austral: were not Americana. ated will Three Years of Captivity Leading tanks of the first cavalry crashed through the gates of Santo Tomas internment camp at Half of Philippines Capital Falls to Victorious Yanks as 31 Internees Are Liberated GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS on Luzon, Feb. 5 (AP) -- The Stars and Stripes flew over half of Manila today and thousands of American and British civilian prisoners were free as Yank columns, including a new paratroop regiment landed to the south, pressed against little more than sniper fire toward complete liberation of the Philippine capital. First cavalry and 37th infantry division forces controlled the northern part of Manila a few hours after entering the city late Saturday night, and penetrated Sunday as far south as the wide and deep Pasig river, which divides the city. The first cavalry Yanks, in an encircling move by night, speared immediately to the Santo Tomas internment camp from the east and "liberated about 3,700 civilian prisoners, mainly American women and children, held there since May 1 1942 ' Associated Press Correspondent C. Yates McDaniel reported that for 34 hours the lives of 270 of the internees hung in the balance as the Japanese camp commander bargained for a truce of safety for his men. A Blue Network broadcast said the truce was finally arranged and 65 Japanese soldiers were escorted to a mile from Santo Tomas and were released. . (Lucien L. Rock, former oil man, was quoted as saying tne v """ -Â· 11 p. m Saturday to end three Wheeler Demands Invest l^(i I ion of Drill Dealh Order I VIA THE MUMPS I SALT LAKE CITY, Feb. 5 Â£Â·-- A fellow charged with drunkenness I found it ntjw way to get out of the j c i t y ' s crowded jail and quickly j He took the mumps. German undergound reports re- received in London said the Germans already were building flying bomb ramps 50 miles west of Berlin and facing the German capitnl for use ngainst the city If it falls to the Russians. In East Prussia German resistance was in its final stages, with enemy-held territory reduced to about 800 square miles and practically every small port in the Konigsberg area in Russian hands. Poles Assume Civilian Rule By DAMKL. I)E IAJCE WARSAW. Feb. 2--(Delayed] -(fl 1 !--.Boleslaw Bierut, president of the Polish national council, an nounced today that Poland is immediately assuming control of civil administration in German Silesia and East Prussia. A representative of the Warsaw provisional government has already arrived at-Oppeln, first large city on the Oder to be occupied bj the Red army in its drive through Silesia, he disclosed. Similar steps to organize civil affairs will be taken elsewhere in Silesia, including Bfeslail, and in East Prussia "as soon as milttar) conditions permit," Biorut said. years of captivity for the United nationals. For 34 hours the lives of 270 of their number had hung in jeopardy as the Japanese camp commander and his guard bargained for a truce or safety in their precariously held and now surrounded position. Liberated Without Loss But late this afternoon an exchange had been made and all Allied hostages were safe and free. Liberation of the largest number of Allied nationals held anywhere in the southwest Pacific theater was achieved without loss to either the liberated or the liberators caught in a short melee that opened the gates of Santo Nurses In List However, several cavalrymen and civilians were Injured. Preinds and relatives of some of the original internees will be sad- is published. Some have died of . prolonged confinement, Malnutrition and lack of adequate medical care. Sixty-nine American nu arriiy medical technicians, heroines of Bataan and Corregidor, arc among those liberated. So ore 32 members of the clergy and Dominican faculty of Santo Thomas university whose campus held thousands of captive men, women and children of many all creeds. , nationalities and CRIJCEN WEDS OKLAHOHAN Probate Judge Albino A. Apo daca performed a marriage cere-1 mony Friday at his office in the j court house uniting Jose D. Carrion, of La.s Cruces, and Ada Elizabeth Herd, of Chandler. Okla. \CRUCEN WITH VICTORY DIVISION IN PHILIPPINES J HELPS SLAUGHTER JAPS BEHIND ENEMY LINES WASHINGTON, Feb. 5 l/Tl Senator v\ heclei^ i "' Â° ^ '.^ j \yiTH THE 21TH I N F A N T R V ' c o m m a n d i n g positions , facing vcsttgatio'n of'aTa'rmy court m a r - ' I VICTORY I DIVISION IN THE tial death sentence Henry Weber. The sentence was Camp Roberts, tor Private PHILIPPINES, Jan. 22 (Delyaed) j - Sergeant Mirley L. Hutson, or ,,,,., assessed a t ' Â«27 N. 2nd street, Las Cruets. New Calif Feb. 3 for ' Mexico, and his buddies in the first vioTation'of trie' 6-lth article ol' war. battalion of this Victory divlson's which concerns assr.ulting or wil-: crack 34th i n f a n t r y regiment have fully liisobeying a superior officer, i helped write another stirring page Wheeler said it was his informa- In American military history in one lion tlu.t WcSer had been sen-; of the mnsl bllter offensive actions to join hia squad i In the campaign to free the Philip- tenccd for refusa at drill. He declared: "It i pines. main forces In a crucial valley. For more than three weeks thoy clung to the rlge against great odds. They beat off 27 savage attacks, many by superior enemy forces, some in darkness of night during torrential rains. They killed 825 Nips, more than one per man for the battalion. Artillery and mortar shells, hand grenades, rifle and machine sun- fin- kept them ' In reach the ridge. Muddy, slime List Park Flier Losl with B-29 B-25 BASE, Salpan, Marianas, Jan. 9 (Dclyaedl I/Pi Staff Sgt. Wilbur J. Chapman of Mesilla Park, N M., was one of the crew missing w i t h the H-2!) "Waddy's Wagon." after today's Tokyo raid. The Superfortress piloted by Capt. WaltiT n. "Waddy" Young, 27, A l l - A m e r l n n n football coaled weapons to function. At times they met the attacks head-on In furious hand lo hand combat to save dwindling a m m u n i - tion supp |ics - Ac ^ a Â° r individual heroism became commonplace. Many men of the ballallon h" cnme ill w i t h colds, dysentery, fÂ»"l ulcers, fever, bill they continual to fight. They knew' not n mmi frequently failed j star and colkgiclc wrestling clianv plon of Ponca city, Okla. low. day ami night, I could be spared, who could conlinu. inconc ivablei W i t h tholr battalion far below I in soupy mud of n to me that army olllcrrs would : strength "fter 21 days of hard sentence a man to death because | (| gnllnKi (|,,,y ,| r(1V e deep behind he refused to drill. If the m i l i t a r y ; ^^ ^ ovpr ^ ^Mns committoo do Â»t tnkc up this j old- muddy m m m t n l n trails to splze and matter. I shall Inlrmlucc a res lion calling for an investigation." ' hold n ridge to deny the Japanese holes. force them. ain drenched fox- Hot shell fragments, their spent, ihowered down on . Ammunition and food supplies oflcn \veie delayed when carrying to carry on. When n relief u r l l was sent Ui After his Oklahoma university career. Young played professional football for Brooklyn In IMI and 1040 u n t i l he went I n t o the service Young went to the aid of another Superfortress piloted by Maj. Joe P. Balrd. 25, I'rcsctitt. Ariz,, after about 100 fighters net upon the U11 1J LjSlll\JlliJl McDANIEL 3 HEADQUARTERS Philip- lately 3,700 civilian internees, ed from Santo Tomas intern- inila by elements of the first MacArthur announced today, up the bulk of internees who i rescue of Japanese-held pris- week. (Names of those liber- Vashington in a day or two.) from the Catholic university d as an internment camp were h and Norwegians. Liberated Nurses Shift to Care of Their Liberators G E N E R A L MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Luzon, Feb. 5 --UP)-- Sixty-nine nurses of Bataan and Corregidor were freed from captivity and in less than an hour some of them were at a labor oT love and gratitude caring for cavalrymen wounded In the fight which opened by the gate of Santo Tomas. Looking up at one girl administering first aid, a wounded soldier said: "It was worth all that mud on Leyte and the grind through Luzon to have an honeat to-goodneaa nurse looking afte me." Hour of Gratitude And so this firat hour of free dom has been i\n hour of gratitud for these 69 girls from 31 states and the District of Columbia. Their names by states Include: California: Varna Henson, Lon Bench; Edith Corns, Los Angeles Dora A. Kehoe, Pacific Grove Gwydolinc Henshaw, Los Angeles Beatrice Chambers, Los Angeles. Missouri: Adolph Meyer, S Louis; Dorothy fichell, Indepen dence; Rose E. Rs-;Â»er, Belleville Huby Motley. Columbia; Eth' Blalne, Greensburg, Beulali Green wait, Kcrstor (radio copy, but no listed in postal guide), llllnos: Earleen Allen, Jackson villc; Louise Anschicks, Chicago Jenny Brerse, Ari.^igton Heights (Continued on page 4) The Roud to Berlin ' I . Eastern front: 38 mllÂ«n (from Bunt-side, by official Soviet linnoum-flmMit.). 2. Wi'Dtum front 3 10 mllM . (from Llnnlch - Jullc.h - Dunn I MfÂ»). 8. Italian front: 844 mlleÂ» q (from Bono river). Â· STEEL TANK KN( ! PRISON OPENS F( y Fly OEAN SCIIEDLER and 1 PltED IIAHP80N I SANTO TOMAS PRISON CAMP, Manila, Feb. S (ffl -- I.lb apanese held the 270 internees, hildren, in the Santo Tomas u ntil the exchange was agreed up nder 10. (The exchange was made todaj 'Â« Second Liberation H Only last Tuesday night BIS -i merlcan and British prisoners of J ar were freed from a Blockade t Cabanatuan. 60 miles to the | orth. J First cavalary units also seized . Malacanan palace, former govcrn- lental headquarters of the Phlllp- ine commonwealth, finding no BAD OMEN FOH JAl'S ' MANILA, P. L. Feb. 4 (Her loycd) M'J-- A WÂ«ck thunderliead ' hovered over ManlU all day to- ' day. It never moved. But tho Â· Japammo did. ' apanese officials, while Yonks of t he 37th division entered the capl- t a from the north and pushed cau- .lously through the northern sub- rbs after capturing Grace park irdrome. (Tokyo radio acknowledged that U. S. forces had entered the capital nd said fierce fighting was In irogress around Santo Tomas. ) right for Walnwrlfrht The motorized first cavalry, Ightlng In memory of their for( Continued on paffo 4) Paratroops Hit Surprised Japs U. S. EIGHTH ARMY HEADQUARTERS. Luzon. Feb. 3 (De- ayed) WPJ-- Lt. David Hoker. Albuquerque, N. M.. led eight scouts who pinpointed the landing of paratroops behind the enemy lines 32 miles south of Manila on a good highway. The scouts during the darkness crept through strong Japanese lines to the crest of 2000-Ft. Tagautay ridge. There In the first light of day. they lighted brilliant flares outlining the dropping target. Big troop planes, which had been rendvzovislng nearby, swept over and spilled out hundreds of paratroops. Within a matter of minutes tho main force hit the ground and spread out In a prearranged pattern. Almost before the Japanese knew what had happened, the force set up strong positions to command the network of highways winding from Batangos and south to Manila. It was the third U. S. paratroop operation In southwest Pacific warfare. It was the first time the delicately timed plan WOB of first rank strategical Importance. ICKSATGATE; )R INTERNEES "Open the goddam thing or I'm coming anyway!" the commander shouted. Agn'n the order brought no reapotiflo, British Fleet Blasts at Japs In Pacific War KANDY. Ceylon, Feb. B UP -A powerful British East Indies naval force which Included tho carriers Illustrious, Victorious, Indomitable and Indefatigable has itruck "the most damaging blow" at Japanese oil supplies with attacks oh southern Sumatra, soulh- nat Asia headquarters announced today. Tho first attack by carrier-borne planes waa against the refinery at Palcmbung Jan. 25, a special com- munique said. Tho second attack against another Palembang refinery was four days later, on Jan. 29. Down 04 Jup Planes The Jiipimcac heavily defended the Installations with fighter aircraft from several airfields, an Inner ami an outer ring of antiaircraft batteries and a balloon barrage, and in tho widespread fights of the first day 13 enemy fighters were shot down and 34 more destroyed on nearby airfields, the communique Bald. Eight more were nhot down on .lie second diiy and four others destroyed on the ground. Six enemy plunea were shot down the i;i}uijÂ»u ot attacks on Uie Kittlefleet, bringing twu-duy total to 04. ntlliÂ».hli Iti HID AoUou "Our loiiU lobses ol' aircraft in .CM' o u f f d i i u n s involving one ut o laiyt'-ii torues yet itsi'd by the i.ti liei'l were 15,' thu till- eight Superfortress formation, and Ihn IWH ships were not seen again. (Sgt. Chapman Ifl n Ron of Mr. and Mr*. M. Chnpmnn. former rc- ,, i '", ' . f t s l d c n U of Mcsllla Park who now the rlddc. thry rloMd t h r l r pnri t f t ^ )n ||w f l t ( U ( 1 ()f Washington. the mission by leading an alta k . Decn notified, friends sÂ»ld to drive the Japi from strong po. sl - todny, that their son is a Pacific parties had to fight off the enemy lions near thn perimeter. casualty.) erty was n steel tank with a 75' mm. gun for a torch and a white slar on Its tempered f l a n k . The driver slipped the clutch and Liberty Idled before the chained gale of thin war prison which .'held -Â·we prayed--Â«ome 3,000 men, women and children o( Ihc United Nntloni. "Open up!" roared the tank com- mnndor. No hÂ«nd appeared to Â«llp thf (,'itc'a bolts. Inside the prison a low speculative m u r m u r had risen to a crescendo of cries with overtone* of foar. and doubt and hope. The prisoners sensed that this was ,wt Just another of the Inexplicable Japanese orgies. Tho voice beyond the gate was American nnd contained a resolution of It* own kind. But the gate did not open. "do on In," the tank commander directed quietly, "but don't shoot (Continued on plge 2) la audition to the aircraft cui- ji* it u u a disclosed that the L L L i u b J u p KiI1 B UÂ«orKÂ» V, and the ni-ships Argonaut, Black Prince, liluryulus. Lift'twille, KeinpeiU'eK m Uraa are now in the East Indies fleet and participated In the action. None of the ahips was damaged in Ihu operntlons, it waa stated. Hearings Will Delay Manpower Legislation WASHJNC.TON. Feb. S--4Â£t -Manpower legislation ran Into the prospect of Indefinite delay today when tho senute military cornmH- t\ 1 reversed on earlier decision and ordered henrings. Chairman Thomas (D-UUih) Bald the committee voted 14 to 3 for "limited executive hearings." SEVEN DIE IN COLLISION NEW YORK, Feb. 6--WPÂ»-- At K-iwt seven men wcro reported killed and SO to 60 injured today when two tankers collided In Now York buy, causing an explosion on our loaded with high octane guso- UASCRlt HAH BABY SON HOLLYWOOD, Feb. 5-Wt-- A son wad born early today to dancer Kleanor Powell and GlÂ«nn Kurd. Konl haÂ« reported to the screen ulncc hta medical discharge from tbo marln* corpa.
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