jn tut to% \ sunsHine/BetT. LasCr MAY SHE FLY OVEH TOKYO Â·News Ut UWeHKKTOfUCt.Ulb SONDM-HBHSPfUWLSEinflHa SOUTHERN NCW.ffCX/CO THE WEATHER Forecast: Partly cloudy tonight and Friday; Â«now flurries northern mountains. Last 24 hours: "Las Cruces State College Jornado Range High Low 58 21 61 26 60 28 LAS CRUCES. NEW MEXICO. THURSDAY AFTERNOON FEBRUARY 1. 1945 ASSOCIATED PRESS PHOTOS PHICE THREE CENTS Vol 64--No 258 ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED W1KK iM^.nv\,*a, iitÂ« m^n..wÂ«. ... ... ... _ _ _ , YANKS RAID JAP PRISON CAMP; RESCUE 513 Raiding Yanks Find Siegfried Line Fled First Ramparts Broken in Push Toward Berlin HUNT WILD DOG By WALLACE PERRY They've revived, in the New Mexico legislature, the hitherto only lightly touched question of dividing the state into congressional districts, and, on the face of things, it looks like the stage is set for Albuquerque and Santa Fc--our perpetual political hotbeds--to continue their dominance of representation in the national house. * * * Here is the grouping, under a bill introduced in the state ,;enate yesterday by Senators Henry Eager, of Quay county, and Jas Morrow, of Colfax: First District--Colfax, Union Mora, Harding', San Miguel. Santa Fe, Quay, Guadahipe, Curry. De Baca, Roosevelt, Lincoln. Cnavcs, Lea, Eddy and Olero counties; Second District--San Juan, Rio Arribu. Taos, McKiuley, Sandoval, ' Valencia, Bernalillo, Torranee. Catron, Socorro. Grant, Sierra, Luna, Dona Ana and Hidalgo counties. * * * Under the plan, if adopted, Santa Fe would be In the first district. Albuquerque in the .-second. * * * On the basis of present representation, the grouping gives both Clinton P. Anderson and A. M. Fernandez a clean path U reelection, though, in a primary contest in the better balanced eastern :lis- trict, Mr. .Fernandez' might not have such easy pickin's. * * * In the first, nr eastern, district, Cliaves, Colfax, Curry, Roosevelt, San Miguel andd Eddy counties would pretty well offset Sanfa Fe county's population leadership and give prospective candidates in Clovis, Roswell or Carlsbad at least a hearing. But. in the second, or western, district, Bernalillo'fl (Albuquerque's) population dominance would be disputed seriously only by Dona Ana and Grant, with Socorro probably backing the Duke City gang Russians Smash *PICKED_CREW OF 400 COMMANDOS To the Oder 39 Miles of Berlin By JAMES M. LONG PARIS, Feb. .1 (AP) -- Patrols of the fighting first di. ision broke into the first ramparts of the Siegfried Line today 11 miles southeast of Monschau, and found only a flicker of life in Hitler's concrete western fortifications. There were growing indications that the Germans had fallen farther back, weakening their west wall for defense of the east. Pillboxes Strangely Quiet The first army troops crossed the fivst row of dragon teetli tank barriers in a section of the Siegfried line never before breached Farther north. 117 miles of the line have been conquered by the Americans in the Aachcn-Roer ri ver sector. Along a front of 40 miles, the American first and third armies struck with a vengeance into pill- joxes fringing the line, which battlefront dispatches described as strangely quiet-- its artillery silent Â·md its ' resistance mainly from small arms. Great sections of the fortifications were under American irtillery 'ire. Only Fringe of Defense Overnight advances generally reached four miles deeper into Germany. Village after village foil. Patrols entered the fringes of the Siegfried line in the Monschau soctor .where a whole three- mile section was captured earlier in tile week. Third army infantrymen seized four more German towns. An eeri? silence covered the big Nazi guns in the lines, but American artillery of both the first and third army laid a barrage on the fortifications along a 40-mile sector opposite Belgium and Luxem- j bourg. The heaviest enemy resist- j ance was limited strictly to small arms and accurate mortar screen- ing. French Cross Rhine Canal Troops frankly were amazed a t ] WASHINGTON. Feb. V- UP Â· - Â· the complete lack of artiljery and. j LOSS of two mine sweepers and -i most cases, the enemy's re- i t a nk landing ship from enemy ac- Wild (logs which have been preying on livestock in Southeastern New Mexico have become the objects of widespread hunts by ranchers and business men of the Clovis area. The ranchers use trained hunting doga to chase and kill the wild dogs. The men carry no arms, leaving the battle up to the dogs. The wild animate, greatly outnumbered by hunters such as those pictured here, always art- losers of the fight. But hunting dogs often are injured in the battles. Tlie men shown here art Rusty Selman Islanding) and Jack Massey. By JAMES F. KING , LONDON, Feb. 1 (AP) [The Rtisians with their fast- j paced tanks and infantry have j smashed to the banks of the (Oder northwest of Kustrin at a point about 39 miles from i Berlin, the German high com, mand announced today. Â· Simultaneously, Premier ! Stalin announced the capture of the Polish fortress of Torun. It was possible that the Russians were even closer than 39 miles, for the German commu- nique did not give the exact i location of the penetration to I the river. I River Swings Toward Berlin ! The Oder swings to within 28 I miles of Berlin northwest of Kustrin. Cut immediately northwest of ' Kustrin it is 39 miles from the capital, and it seemed more likely that a point in the Kustrin vicinity was meant. The eastern edge of Kustrin.it- self one ul the chief defenses of the German capital, was reached by the swift Soviet punches rapidly spreading the fires of wur to the heart of the reich, said German broadcasts. Germans Hurl (n Reserves Along a 70-mile front Marshal Gregory Zhukov massed waves of STRIKES 25 MILES BEHIND LINES; 486 AMERICANS AMONG RESCUED By C. YATES McDANIEL GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Luzon, Jan. 31 (Delayed) (AP) -- Men of Bataan, Corregidor and Singapore--513 of them--were snatched from under the flaming muzzles of Japanese guns last night in an exploit of unmatched daring. Some 400 picked men of the sixth ranger battalion and Filipino guerrillas made a commando raid 25 miles behind Japanese lines to empty a prison camp and partially f u l f i l l one of the Philippines objectives closest to Gen. Douglas MacArthur's heart. They took Japanese guards by surprise and rescued 486 Americans, 23 British, three Netherlander and one Norwegian--all that were left in the prison camp in Ntteva Ecija province of eastern Luzon. Many more hundreds of more able-bodied war prisoners had been sent to work camps in Japan. Hundreds of others had died. Two Die of Rescue. Joy ~ "~ ~~~ but two of the men were brought out alive by the 121 men of the sixth ranger battalion who stormed into the prison stockade under command or Lt. Col. Henry Mucci of brldgeport. Conn. The enfeebled hearts of these two flickered out when they were in sight o^ American lines. !The Rangers attacked with such merciless precision that not one of the Japanese stokade guards was left alive or able to resist. And they attacked with such care that not one of the prisoners was scratched. Some Weak from Hunger Within a matter of minutes all had been released and were on their 25-mile journey to f-eedom, walking, carried on backs of husky Rangers or riding in carabao carts. WOMEN GUERRILLAS JOIN YANKS tanks and infantry for quick Three U.S. Ships Lost to Enemy In Philippines smash at Berlin's greatest dcfen- | ses. But at the center of his spearhead in the 40-mile widu Frankfurt salient the Germans had hurled in reserves to halt the invading columns which already had broken through a defense shield 23 miles east of Frankfurt. Red air fleet planes laked the Berlin-Frankfurt highways and Moscow dispatches said Nazi prisoners reported panic in the German capital because German ci viliaas believed the airmen's rec Glares were artillery flashes. Soviet Claims Lag Officially, Moscow placed the closest Soviet approach to Berlin at 63 miles, but an Associated Press dispatch from Moscow virtually confirmed the German reports of a much deeper advance. Kustrin, a 16th century fortified town of 16,000. is on the cast bank of the Oder and on the north bank of the Warthe at the (Continued on page 2) and the rest of the area no more than thinly strewn with voters. * * * Politically, the "little Texas area of the first district would make that division almost certainly Democratic; but, on the basis of j voting in th-: la.sl general election, j the second would he close, with } the Republicans given a clumce to win. Although Bernaliilo usually is Democratic, it shifted to the Republican column in the last gubernatorial ratt 1 . giving the standfird-bearer eight of tin luctar.ce to stand and fight. uon in the Philippines was an- The French first army fought in- nounced today by the navy. Ilorbourg. eastern suburb of (Continued on page 2) GOP proposed district's 1") counties-- Bernalillo, Catron. Sierra. Socorro, Taos, Torranee, Valencia, and San J u a n - while Gov. Dempsey carried Grunt Rio m Mexican Wreck The mine sweepers wore the Hovey and the Palmer, converted World War I destroyeis, and the LST 75!). There was no indication of '?x- lent of casualties, but the n a v y said all next of liin had been .ioti- ficil. Nearly 100 were so weak Plan Quick Shift To Japanese War MEXICO CITY. Feb. 1-UP- More than 100 persons were reported killed and about 150 injured end " " ~ ve. Cazadcro, stale of Hidalgo, about i 100 miles north of here at 12:47 a. m.. today. WASHINGTON, Feb. 1--UPi Prospects of a speedier end of the Japanese war developed today with disclosure of a plan for a Commanding officers of all \ quick shift of troops from Europe Is survived, the navy -said. j t o the Pacific once Germany is defeated. Under this system, which w:is from malnutrition, disease and three- year-old wounds th'at "they could not walk when they were cilt loose from Japanese bondage. Â· Slay 323 JajMineflc The. rescue cost the lives of 27 Rangers and Filipinos in a guerrilla unit led by Maj. Robert Papham of Davenport, la.', who fought off a savage tank-led Japanese attack along the escape corridor. The raiders killed 523 Japanese --more than one for every prisoner released--and knocked out 12 enemy tanks. First Mass Liberation This first mass liberation of Allied prisoners of war in the west- tern Pacific was accomplished by an all-night forced march east of the American lines to Cabu. The commando force, made up of the 121 Rangers and 286 Filipinos in the guerrilla unit, left American lines under protection of air cover and reached the prison camp without Selection. Catch Japs by Surprise Their swift, fierce attack caught the guards completely by surprise. The Japanese struck back violently and persistently ns the rescue column headed back toward the sixth Ranger camp and freedom for the valiant men who had been at the mercy of Japanese guards for nearly fhree years. The heavy, disproportionate Japanese losses were inflicted in battering; down these lank-led tacks. Raiders all The announcement brought t .IHson of trains at ^ 2fiS the total of naval vessels lost oni all causes since the start of | described by high sources, t n the war, including 208 sunk. -101 m Europe will leave the bulk , i overdue and presumed lost, and 10 It \vns said a freight train crash- destroyed to prevent capture. equipment on the continent ed into the rear of a passenger , train or pilgrims passing the ata- j only seven Dona A n a . Hidalgo, Luna, McKinh Arriba and Sandoval. * + * Because southern N'ew Mexico sceldom. if ever, gets a break in the placing of the more important state or congressional offices. I've always felt thai n division running in the other d i r e c t i o n - - w i t h north and south congressional district.? - wonM be raor.' equitable -- especially since the interests of the northern counties laigeiy center on Indians, mining and ranching while most of the statv's agriculture is spotted along the lower Rio Grande and in the Mnnlires and Pocos ^ valleys. ! . , ( But. after all, the Eager-Mor-! "S row plan is not bad. considered economically, since the valley of the Rio Grande gives t h e proposed, second district a common interest and si.ice economic .-unditions along tile state's eastern ti 1 .':' 'f counties is largely the same. A n d . politically, counties in the "forgotten" southern end jf the staU' won't he any worse off than they ve been in the past. * * + A t least the state ought to !'Â·:Â· districted, since it now has at- Utned the pi'tmialion stature of being entitled to two conRre.ssincn. lion of Cazadero and bound for MÂ«xico City. The pilgrims were r e t u r n i n g from a religions festival for the Virgin Mary at San J u a n dc Los 'Lagos, in tile state of Jalisco. Countr Electrics 1 IA'1 ) faze WASHINGTON. Pa . Fell - The "brownout" failed t a c a f e proprietor here. Promptly at m i d n i g h t last n i R h t he extinguished the .'hvtiic window display lights and substituted two old. biit dependable, i l l u m i n a t - I'ffects Â· he h u n g out two old- fashioned country lanters. The Road lo Berlin 1. Kavlern f r o n t : S! miles (nmirdhig to Uerlin; (i.t miles, from lle.vi rMlnrr. by offfrlnl Itus- *ian ueroitnl). Â·J. \Vr*lern front: 810 mite* (from l.lnnlrh - ,liilteli-Inren nren). S. llnllnn front: .ill miles i ((mm lleno river). Coeds Build Up Synthetic Beards !\r Si. Pat's Day Mari;m Reeves of Loving and KVH Hlanchani of Rosu-ell the mmly girl engineering .students at New Mexico AM aren't 50- )[!Â·; t It't nny uiitn yet ahead of tht-iii in the engineers' a n n u a l whisker raising dt-rby. ! Thu c a m p u s t-Jigimcr ImastinK 1 tin- 'longest beavd on Kt. Patrick's day will reign r.vei an 1 j u i n u a l festival. Ami the co-p(Js have whiskers, too borrowed from llv rnUtKi' l:':ui'atU's t-hil. and then re-arm in the Pa' ! with equipment piled up there from j tin's country. Â· This could mean a Having --f j months in throwing the full w e i g h t of American forces against thi- I Japanese. The campaign against ' t h e m already has beenÂ· dcscr.ln-il ; by War Secretary Stimson j ahead f schedule. i The plan will add to war '..require u continuation of it hi);)ii r a t e of production nnd Â· the day of reconversion. j On the other hand, it was point: ed out that it wouUi mean th* 1 ' ings of perhaps thousands of 1 ! tint might otherwise hi- lost i , prolonged campaign. Mrs. Irallne D u n n i n g Acosla. l i c i t ) mid daughter Dolly Dunning. 15, formerly of Los Angeles, lire shown in Dagupan, Luzon, I'. 1. after they were flown from n secret guerrilla air field by piper cub plane. Both are Americans who wore in Manila nt the start of the war and have been working w i t h Philippine g n m i l l n n . Mrs. Ai-osta holds the rank of lieutenant while her daughter worked nw a nurse. (AP Wirepholo from A r m y Signal Corps). ROSTER OF RESCUED INCLUDES 10 OF N.M. The roster of Americans resetted from a Japanese prison '" l " camp, transmitted by the Associated Press today, includes 10 I New Mexicans--none from Dona Ana counly. They are: I Fte Don H. Adams. Arlesia, S-Sgt. Ko^cr B. Campbell, MacArtthur decorated i ' rBl(!d ! Clayton; Pfc. Ernest S. Serrano, Coyote. ,. J Here's the incomplete list of rescued, as pLlves every man in the force. The lean and rugged eapti.-,, . received the homage of thousands] time today, of American soldiers now fighting Pfe. Don H. Adams. Artesia. N. to redeem the Islands for which (,M.: M.Spt. Ennon H. Addington, received up to press Subic Bay, Base, Vacated by Nips, Back in US Hands GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS on Luzon. Fob. 1 (AP) -- Subic bay and its naval repair base of Olon- gapo, dotted with pillboxes but inexplicably abandoned by the Japanese, were back in American hands today as un- blunted Yank spearheads to the east rolled clear of a dangerous bottleneck passage only 28 road miles from Manila. "Uttle Com.(fidor" Falls Well-fortified Grande Island, the "little Corregidor" guarding the entrance to Subic bay, was taken without opposition Tuesday by eighth army troops. Units of the U. S. seventh fleet then steamed Into Subic bay. Other elements of Lt. Gen. Robert Eichelberger's eighth army moved by road along the inner rim of Subic" bay to capUire the Olon- gapo naval base which, before thu Â·ar. was an American depot. Gen. Douglas MacArthur said n his communique today that "we, ire now using this excellent anchorage, arid developement of a naval base Is already under way." IMUboxra All Empty Olongapo was well outfitted with Japanese dugouts and pillboexs \}\ empty. Similarly, Grande is- and was abandoned by the enemy, ts American pins "pointing disconsolately out to sea," In tire words of Associated Press Correspondent James Hutcheaon. Sixth army troops 36 miles to the east meanwhile reached the town of Culumplt, 28 road miles from Manila, In a drive down an easily-defensible stretch of highway flanked by huge swamplands. Jap Failure lii7,7.1liiK Failure of the Japanese to put up a fight In tills natural defense zone was as puzzling iw the enemy's lack of opposition at Subic bay. The Americans crossed the I'am- anga river just north of Calumpit to swing free of the swampy corridor and aim down the straight Manila highway. They were approaching Malolos, 22 road miles from Manila. One column of sixth army troops which has been moving southward from Ungayen turned westward on the Bataan peninsula road from Kan Fernando and captured Lubao. Hid for llaliuin Scill-off This represented a 10-mile advance lo within 2. r road miles of a. Juncture, with Hie eighth a r m y pressing eastward from the Zam- balcs coast beachhead. Such a j u n c t u r e will seal off the historic ttalaan peninsula, w h i c h forms the western shore of Manila bay. Japanese Iroopa have fled i n t o Hainan from San Fernando and nllier sectors lo the northeast, a n . l some aie reported to have s.m s ht refuge t h e r e by bout Irom M a n i l a . Sever Central Illirliwuy "the veterans f o u g h t so valiantly and hopelessly. The youthful G l ' i formed an i m p r o m p t u honor guard, f l a n k i n g a military h i g h w a y down which the rescue party panned after il returned tn American lines. Some \VaÂ»lÂ«l liy Disease It was the last of ir.any marches for the rescued men marches which began w i t h the b r u t a l Sfrt. I Hvt. 'Death March of Hainan." Til'? freed men showed (Continued on page -I) Harrison, Ida.: Pfc. William C. Al- schwcde. Tliuycr. Neb.; Dean W. Albee. civilian. Eureka. Mont.: il, Sgt. Louis D. A l b l n . San Antonio Tex.; I'vt. John S. Alford. PL-HSU- cola, Fla.; ('apt Frederick Â·'.. Amos. I l u m b o l d t . Kami.: Sgt. Harold M. Amos, Aflon, la.; M / G u n n e r .Harry Arold. Liberty. Mo.: U r i a h S. Ash. F a i r m o n t . W. t h e i r I Vn ^t. Hubert .1. Bilker. Vnldnsta ; I'lc. William 11. Barker, Oak WEAR CAPTIVE FREED FROM JAP PRISON CAMP One other proposal of Senator (rontinue.il nn page 2) rll.K ON RKXT f'EII.IXd Al.MIQUKKQITE. Fell. 1 .T I n f o r m a t i o n was filed in V. S. ills- t r i c t court today c h a r g i n g R 1 Hivens, Hruwell. w i t h the lion of OPA rent ceilings. sonic ("ipltal observers l i t t l e l l a l r h n e t . " The b i l l , i n t r o d u c e d by Sen. Sid- Cottlieb I K - V a l e r . c l a i . and lion I. nickn.ion i D - I J e r n a l l l d outla.e any political s m e n t s or c o n t r i b u t i o n s from paid by the Miitf or Â»ny "the One of t h e m . S'Sgt. Clinti . (loodhla ef Longview, Wash., n 'in htr of the 60th coast artillery when be was captured on Cnrrcgldnr. ."aid: "When we walked through the ].neÂ» thlfi m o i n i n g I saw an Amorf- ran flag." r.oodbla'.Â« h a g g a r d rtfc gnther County Prisoners Apparently Moved There WITH few chanceH, n|i- liurentlv. thai Uuiin Ana enmity men would be In loday'H Hot of rescued Amerlenns; for mtmt of Dona Ann'" prisoner" have been IrniMfrrml to Jiinuii. One of tluin. Marvin Slicrllf, him been reported ilrml In prison emnp. (apt. lliiÂ»iell Spnrlin, 1,1. IV- cim rlnlcy and S|jt. ,leÂ»se I). Mandril, though reported mlns- Ililt In the Philippine*, never were reported prt.Honrnt. Solly Manasse anil Hulien I'lor- e*, at least, have Ifeen moveil (, ( Japan. Only 'laeli 1'arrlnh, \VlnÂ»lnn Shjlllt'o and Sgl. Cnn (iarrla are knnnii to IK- primmer* \vltll- mil lUwlgnnllon of liu'litlon. watch him. "It cut right t h i o u g h me, the flag. II cut right through mt." OoodWn said. "Urlng f r e e cut rlÂ«ht through me. And the clgnrets and chow " Ooddbla didn't have 'the words, but it waÂ» cany to see what he meant. n i i v n l I n t e l l i g e n c e officer, said: "1 was c a p t u i e i i when t h e last orjirtni- y.e,! A m e r i an resistance eeiued in 1(112. They w a n t e d to lake unto Japan, but 1 wns saved by III- .lewi." Green got up and r.ot only w a l k (Continued on pÂ«gÂ« ) land. C a l i f . ; Maj. John R. Barne- nian. Niagara Kails X Y.; H/Sgt. Floyil Barnhardt. ChlenRo, III ; llobert I.. Mary, elvlban, Orlando. Kla.; I'fe. Rlehanl P. Heck. Atlanta. On ; I'vt. Lee Bennett. Mound City. Mo.; Otis H. BlIlH. riioemx, Ariz.: Mason Illnlr. Onawa, I n . ; 2nd 1.1. Raymond W. Bliss e o surgeon general U. S, A ; I'vt. lluimrll U. Boalwrlght, Colo- tconlintiffl on pngo 4) M i l l - A r t h u r announced the sever- ng of the Cagayen valley road, i n l y h i g h w a y of the central Luzon plains l e f t In Japanese control, w i t h the c a p t u r e of Munu?. and Tnlavera. First culps Yanks seized the road town of Tayug. They aiso were closing in on U m i n g a n and Lnpao. to the south. Farther north, near dearly-won Itosario. Americans captured the Udlao road Junction which sends an artery into mountainous Ba- gulo. summer c a p i t a l of "he Philippines and likely Japanese headquarters. 14 miles to the north. Japanese pockets in the Fort Slotsenhmg area n o r t h if San Fernando have been clear.M "ut after days of b i t t e r f i g h t i n g , Mac- A r t h u r nnnounced. Raid Jap Shipping A d u r i n g ami d e s t r u c t i v e raid by swift P-T boats, with fighter plane support, destroyed M Japanese coastal vessels m raiili on H a t a n - gils buy. south of Manila, and Hocus bay to the north. Heavy bombers jHUinded the Cii- vlte naval base with 57 tons of bombs which caused heavi 1 explosions and fires. Escorted Liberators swept across the Chink sea to score a smashing s t r i k e at Hello airdrome on .louth- wcatern Formosa, Twenty aircraft were destroyed. Four f r e i g h t e r s were sunk and two others set afire in a raid by pntrol bombers on the Sakishima inlands just east of Formosa.
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