Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on February 15, 1975 · Page 14
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 14

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Nampa, Idaho
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Saturday, February 15, 1975
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JJK- Miiha Krce Press t The News-Tribune, Saturday. Kcbruan t -IS. 197.1-14 AMKRIC.VS HKGI.YMNCS included a Utopian spirit. This "(iiirdrii uf Kdm" painting by Knislus Salisbury Kield |iurlr;m this spirit accurately. The fjrrat m.-igiipl uliicli drew |co|ilr from disUiul lands [n America was the divam uf ulifi'lit'llfrllian am llirvhatl knimn lirforr. ('oliiiiiliusin all ·ifi-KHisucss iii-iilr from his sliip ilial In- liail ilisriivrivil (lie Crardi-n a\ Kileii. and In l:uro])i'iiiL iiilelliTluals of (In- parly shlmilli I'pnlnry «lu had read uf I in- ilivruvenes. Amprk-aii MTiiii'il a ]iar,u!iM imli'i'il. Poison from silver-placing studied WASHINGTON (UPII -The food and Drug Administration says many silver-plated cups, gobtels, bowls and other dinnerware may bea potential pause of lead poisoning. Tlie PDA Wednesday asked anyone with information to ··nl'mit it hv M.nrph I rir n determination as to whether something needs to be done. The hazard, FDA said, is that food or drink pul inlo the vessels can react chemically lo draw out lead. II said children would be especially susceptible lo Ihe resulting poisoning. The problem surfaced June 13 in Dallas when the military asked the FDA lo analyze silver- plated cups'and goblets being sold worldwide in post exchanges. The tests turned up 'excessive lead levels. FDA said il tested 90 different silver-plated articles, including tankards, coffee and tea sete, salad bowls, gravy bowls and serving trays. II found that lead could be leached oul in some a! a level as high as 316 parts per million-far higher than the 7- parts per million allowed by Ihe FDA for ceramic dinnerware. COURSES BTONEWSPAPEH America presented "promises' i Editor's note: This is Ihe first of !« articles exploring the t h e m e . In Search of the American Dream. As LIU introduction, il lays the groundwork tor discussion of Ihe iilnpkm spirit (hat animated America's beginnings. The author of Ihis article is priifessor nf literature at Hie University of California. San Diego.) Bj Robert C. Elliott The great magnet which for three hundred years drew people from distant lands lo America was the dream of a life richer, freer, heller thai-, any Ihey'had'known before. In Ihe world's imagination America was Utopia come (rue: As Archibald MacLcish's poem puts it. America was promises. So it had been from the beginning. Columbus in all seriousness wrote from his ship assuring their majesties Ferdinand ,-ind Isabella thai he had discovered the Garden of Eden, and lo European intellectuals of the early sixteenth century who had read of the discoveries. America seemed paradise indeed. Karliesl descriptions pictured il as a land of surpassing beauty where (lie earth produced bountifully without Ihe labor of man, where the climate was uniformly benign, where simple natives lived peaceful lives in harmony with nature. Somehow the Golden Age of which Greek and Roman poets ha.il written had survived in Ibis remote part of the world. Other rumors spoke of golden cities glittering in Hie sun. The good life was there for the taking. Heality soon overtook these fantasies, of course. The land lhal Columbus hart said was shaped like a woman's breasl. the nipple forming Ihe earthly paradise, turned oul to contain snakes and malaria and fiercely intransigent Indians. Although:! few Spaniards found ihe wealth they sought, for most colonists there was neither giikl nor a Golden Age. This was an iron lime all over again: Men found they had lo clear ar.d dig and plant and sweat before Ihe earlh would yield its halves'.. Nevertheless, the association of America with some form of (he ideal life persisted. The earliest voyagers hart found the Golden Age in ihe new land nol only because lhal is what their culture hart prepared them lo find, but because (hal is what they really wanted lo find. Behind ihe idyllic descriptions of Ihe Indians lay their own memories of hardship and turmoil al home and their longings for somothinii licller. Once il was apparent that the Golden Age was only a dream of the irrecoverable pasi, (he longings for Ihe good life embodied in (hal dream were transformed into belief in a ulopian future. To the world America became a land of golden possibilities -- a land free of the tyranny and corruption of old Europe, a land where man couldslart over once more. That image, oflen lar- nished and sometimes nearly forgotlcn. has vitality still. America was founded on an inlricalc and contradictory combination of these ulopian myths, dreams, hopes, beliefs. Samuel Eliot Morisou and Henry Slecle Conimager. two of our most distinguished historians, say llml from Maine lo Georgia, in the mind of every major group of Knglish pioneers, ihe ulopian idea] for America lonk nff from thai sixlcenlh century hook about an ideal counlry. Thomas More's "Utopia." Not lhal the first settlers ti ied lo establish a replica of More's fictional commonwealth en (he shores of tlu\Allanlic - efforts of lhal kind came later in our history. The spirit of More's book, however, and some of its ideas found their way into basic institutions and into (lie value structure by which Hie new men and women of America lived. Thus Utopian ideas helped shape those elusive enlilies, ihe American c h a r a c t e r , the American destiny. This, the second year of Course by Newspaper, proposes to iracc something of that shaping process. In a lime of uncertainty and confusion like the present, il would be easy to present a series of "lectures" intc-rpreting American history as a betrayal of Ihe original ulopian dream. Thai is nol our purpose. The lectures in Ihe weeks to come will focus on the persistence -- for good and for bad -- of Ihe Utopian spiril lhal animated this country's beginnings. This does nol imply an un- c r i t i c a l orientation for the course or a dislorl'.oi 1 . of llie historical e\idence Within the space available, the lectures will lake full account nf llie mistakes, betrayals, and sidetracking: lhal have marked our country's history. Iml they will concentrate on Ihe cnn- linuily of the founding themes- Iheir abiding function as norms which permit us lo evaluate niir experience The first group of lectures, by Professor Winthrop Jordan »f the University of California, lierkeley. will he on 11,e gi-neral topic. "The New World .is L'lopia." Professor Jordan will discuss the altitudes toward America of the e a r l i e s t voyagers and of Ihe firsl setllers who came lo Ibis country in found a New Jerusalem The second group of lectures, by Professor Michael Kammen (if Cornell University, will deal with the influence of indigenous iilopinnism during Ihe years of the ({evolution, ilw Declaration nf Independence. Ihe making of the Conslituliw. In Ihe next lectures Professor - William Goel/ir.ann nf (he 1,'niversity of Texas will consider Ihe impact of ulopian altitudes on .iclcucil economic, political, and religious institutions of Ihe nincleenlh century. Professor Jay Marlin of the University of California. Irvine, will assess how well ulopian ideas have survived the great crises which have leslecl us in Ihe presenl cenlury Kohcrl Penn Warren, whose poems and novels i"AIl the King's Men," for example:- oflen grapple wild Ihe historical Ihemcs which are al Ihe heart ol Ihis course, will present Ihe final two lectures, reflecting on Ihe record. Hecause "ulopia" bulks large in Ihis comse i a irliiriimi nf its importance in American history, something should he s:ml at Ibis point about the word todf and Ihe influence of (he book from which il comes. The ivurd "ulnpia" was coined in Ihe early sixlraiih century by Sir Thomas Mure, the brilliant lawyer-sclioLir-diplomal whom the Unman Catholic Church made a saint. Mure was a man of lovely wit. and the word "ulopia" is a kind of joke -- a serious joke. "Utopia" comes Irom tlu' Green word for "nowhere" or "no place." Inn it is also a pun on ihe word for -·fjiirifl place." Thus More's lanious book "Ulopia" is al once abmil an entirely imaginary "no place at all." a pure fantasy wurld. and al the same lime about an ideal counlry. a "good place" whose customs and in- slilutioii!) arc- held up as models tor European countries i especially More's own England i lo follow. The two senses of tl'.e word arc- iiu-x- iricably entangled in all subsequent usage. "Utopia" was published in I51H. twenty-four years after Columbus firsl sighted llie Mahamas. Capitalizing on the heady excitement nf Ihe new- discoveries. Mere siluaies hi.-' fictional island of Ulnpia in (he Now Wcirld and lie makes his chief c h a r a c t e r . Raphael llylhluday. a voyager w i t h Amerigo Vespucci. In Ulopia. Ihe "gnoil place" lhal Hylliloday discovers, private property docs lint exist, jxu'ertv and social hierarchy are u n k n o w n . "Though no man lias anything." s.iys llylhloday. "yel all are rich As againsl Ihis, llylhlnday denounces Ihe social and economic injustices of Ei:plat:il ".-·» help me d'nd I can sec milling else but a kind of ronsp'.ran of Ihe rich" lo inanipulaic Ihe law in order lo cheat ihe poor Mure [minted the lonlrasl between painful experience ar.d Impeful possibility. ,tmJ llie cnnlrri.s! slnick home. M.IPJ ol Ihusc who in later \r;us ^ln|i|i!'(i nut t c j America uii'jlcl bavc Icll in ilinr bcmes Kindergarten action asked IKtlSK'l Pli - I'ropw.enlsnf public kindergartens .iski'd the chairman of the House Kdu- catsnri Committee Inday for assurances llie knuk'rgnrlni full will nol he held in cnmmittee longer than Monday. Hep. l.csler Clemm. D-Truy. asked Chairman Ktirl Johnson. [{-Idaho l-'alls. why the hill was nnt on this morning's meeting agenda. The commillee adjourned its Wednesday mceling with Iwo molions still peijihng on Ihe measure, and proponents mill caled Ihey expected lo sec the bill up (or consideration again loday. Johnson said Ihe hill came before Ihe committee "cniile suddenly." and some others w ith views rm il wanted to testify - among them private kindergarten operaiors. tbebrulali/ing social conditions in England lhal More describes. Even those whu had never heard of More's book would have had a w orld of hope opened (o (hem In the mere existence of the new country. The chance to gel away from Ihe cruel and dreary past, lo move into Ihe liilnrc in a hind where all was IKitenliiilily -- that must have seemed ulopia emmgh. Those who knew Mnre's work with its eloquent plea for equality, for Ihe abolition o[ inherited privilege, would have had added substance lor their dreams. II is as though "Utopia" summed up Ihe fresh green hopes ol an age. Inevitably, as o\er the years Itie virgin cmiliucnl was loflcn brutally) possessed, llie dreams were disappointed: in one sense, ulopia is always "nowhere." Hut disappointment or no, Ihe dreams remained potent, their function indispensable as America .sought In create its tuture. Without a vision, without a myth nf its uw n liciiig. a nalion ilonnders. The American myth cmne.s in good par! from the ulopian aspirnlion.s nf (lie founding years Someofthoscaspirations were secular some religious: America as Hie "grcal good place." or. as Ihe Purilans had il. America as the "city upon a hill" Inr ll-.e world lo emulate. However use ttiuk il. with whatever mixture ol belief and skepticism, the myth has been [xiwerful. a major energizing torce in nut history. -I · I · Ciipynghl. i!i74. Kegeiils nl llii 1 Univcrsih of California Distributed liy Copley News Service Building a better mousetrap isn't that easy, but any home can be made into a better HEAT TRAP IVAousetraps aren't our line. Energy savings are. So lei us help you plan some energy saving by building yourself a better heat trap. Since more than one half of jour home energy use is for heating, it could save you money, too. All you have lo do is insulate. Thoroughly. That includes weather stripping, and double doors and windows. Idaho Power recommends 10 inches of insulation overhead (R30), six inches in the floor (R21), and four inches in the walls (R12). The "R" measures insulation's resistance lo heal escape. Hold down heal loss and save money. It could pay for a goodly supply of cheese. Plan youTheai trap today! Idaho Power Company WISE USE IS COMMON SENSE WANT TO TALK TO A HEAT TRAP EXPERT? Ask lor a Customer Service Representative at your local Idaho Power office. THE COLLEGE of IDAHO XN V3 Look to Your Future. . . and to The COLLEGE of IDAHO 42 COURSES DURflW SPRING SEMESTER EVENING PROGRAM For further information Phone 459-5211 or write The Education Department REGISTRATION: lanuarj 20 lo Primary 21. Kegistrir's Office. Sterrj Hill. (9:00 j.m.-5:00 p.m.) The College of Idaho UTE RtGISTRHTlOX: Regislfjr's Office Ttrt«li Feknio 2». l*TE FEE: $5.00. CUSSES BEGIN MONDAY CiiltKvell Idaho R-WfK EVENING FEBRUURT 24. CUSS PERIODS: 7:04 · 10:00 p.*. COURSES AVAILABLE UNDERGRADUATE Cnnn-rl /fund riirnjir^liuTi Finnnci 1 [srnuini; ;md (Vimpiriiliiiii I'vcrplicinnl Child · Inrfipf-ndrnC Study (Kchc.ili'mJ Judo · llrrhiMra Mihic · InsinJim-m or Vnicc f{r;»linj; in Ihr Si-dindary SchonJ S;ik^;irn] I'mmiilmn St-minnr in Children's l.ilrraiurr .incKSlnry-lt'ltinK Shinning GRADUATE Adianced Kdurationul I'syrtiDlnuy Advanced Mi'isurcminlsanti Kvriuiuiim Dfvclupmcnl nl lli«hrr l.civl Thinking Abilities Fif.'dSludj Indrpcndrnl Sludy ((Indunlr! Inlernship Kindf rgarlcn-Karly rhildhnnd Kduralinn Mrlhujts nl Kdurniiimal lii-scnrch Organizalinn and .\Jminislr.uion of Cluidnncc Sfn'icrs I'h)l(jMipli) (itKducalion VrinciplcsandlVaclicrsoflluidanrr r«ychnlnj(ical Assfssmcnl t( iKt- Indiiidual 1'uhllc Sfhnnl I'inanrr Schmill.nw Sfminar in Children's Liicraiurf and Slnry-lfllinit Supervised rounsclinRl'raciicum huper\iMnno[lnMriiriinn Terhnii)ue.',of( 1 !iunwliii K aniJ(;iiidaner 1 nesis NON-CREDIT ·'· Advf niurrs In Altiludes ·v RnlanyforBcKinningdardners -.1 Tnnvf rsallnnal Jupanese ··: Conversational Spanish * "amRadinliMirucli.mlor.Voiir,. v.- Mneramr and Pollerj f.Orionlalliieralurelnlranslalion ' '"-"""l.nuditelinit and Infl.iion ·'. Thf Mclne S)sirm |. irfn ,.. · A V A l l . A B I . K TO HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: CONTACT T H K K D U C A T I O N B K P A R T M K N T KOR FURTHER 'INFORMATrnw "Iniltp+mtmf btutly it n/io waifnMf in nlhrr tftrrierfdfparimrnt* u^ntfiffinlnfijinnftl. ' ' '"N.

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