Thy Idaho IJec I'r.v- ,v The Xi-us-Tribiinc. S'Uur.U. 1'ebruai y \:,. HIT:, lo I he tin corner Edouard Manet: the first modern painter the family today Hv - . Â·*Â· ***'""*Â·*Â·*Â·*"* 1 *"* 11 ^ 1 ^'^^***"*"Â·*******"*'**"*"^^*^ Hy Klua Kerme r'rer.cli artist Edouard Manet Â· IB.I.'-IHlil'. because of his interest in analyzing vision and the process ol painting, is sometimes called the f i r s t modern painter lie is important because he emphasized structure, color and form in his paintings. As a resull he cleared the way for the start ol Impressionism This emphasized formal elements more than the mere slory ol Ihe scene being painted. Manet studied six vears Â«ith Thomas (.'oulre. and learned his techniques of handling color. In IB53 the Salon refused lo exhibit Manet's "The Absinthe Drinkers." It met with criticism when it was shown privately, from people who were not acquainted with Manet's new style. His lack of story telling content, and stiff, self-conscious poses, his flatly silhouetted forms, ran against Ihe style of painting of his day. In 18U3 Manet showed "Luncheon on the Crass." and in IBC5 "Olympia." These paintings caused a scandal because they show ed a nude in a c o n t e m p o r a r y s e t t i n g . It became too much for .Manet and he left for Spain Upon his return a group ot younger artists met with him at the Cafe Guerbois Out of this group came Ihe Impressionist movement. In 187:i Manet's picture "I.e lion Hock" was a success. Manet continued to show his work at tlie Salon and not with (lie Impressionists. Although he used Impressionist colors in Â·'Homing." and "Argenleuil." he did not dissolve forms as the Impressionists did. As subjects. Manet painted restaurants and cabarets. A masterpiece o[ his career was the "liar at theKulies Ucrgere." In 1881 Manet received the Legion of Honor. "Hoy w i t h Cherries" was painted about K158 and hangs in the National Gallery of A r t . Washington. D.C. This is MIC of Manet's earliest works, painted when he was about 23. after he had studied under Thomas Coulre for about six years, h shows the influence of Coulre in the carefully graded modeling in the face of the boy. Ins collar, and the three cherries lunging at the lower left. According to Abranis. "The bold scale. Die aggressively frontal position of the figure, the insistence on Hie reds and the greens as color areas w i t h intrinsic appeal and the perfect placement and diagonal balance of the units of design are all characlislic of Manet's style. The theme of a figure leaning over a wall, derives from the Dutch art. of which Manet was an ardent student." Â· Olympia" was painted in 1863. and is on display at the Louvre. Paris. Manet showed this uainting two years after he WIHSKKY AND liillm luiiile.s jivoie iuuul:ir uilli collec- .Murs.'l'lii' i'Â»l red Â«iMf;iU'raiiiev uinliii IMS a uliraml lip. . \\liile HIP amber color brightens the ap|ii\il nl Dr. tlailev's llitd I hern Millers Imllle. hud'painted it. The public who hud already rejected "Luncheon on the Grass," objected to his portrayal of nudity. According to Abrams. "Here Hit while flesh of a prostitute is made the more emphatic by contrast to a black string lie. a negro servant, and a sleekly sensual black cat Critics and public alike felt insulled by the flatness of Iliose shapes, because they were used lo carefully rounded forms." Quite a different painting is the delightful study of "The Railway." II was painted in 187:1, and is owned by Horace 0. H.ivemeycr. New York. Manet painted Ihisscene from a garden on the Itue de Home, overlooking the Saint-l,a?are railroad slalion. Manet sljnds at a distance. The yard shown in the painting is depicted as a backdrop for a lender and haunting poem. The woman looks up at us from her book, while the child, a prisoner of her dreams, gazes through the- iron bars. A wonderfully fresh blue pervades through the whole canvas. He has created a visual metaphor by portraying the woman's hands, the dog, and the book show an X-shaped design which closely parallels the bow a( the girl's back. Such echoes might be called visual metaphors. Another painting which shows the growth of Manet is "The Croquet Match." According lo Abrams, "The development of Manet's art can be profitably studied by comparing this picture with the "Luncheon on Ihe Grass" painted ten years earlier. Under the growing influence of Manet's association Â«'i(h (lie Impressionists. "The Croquet Match" extends into space, decreases the size of the figures, breaks up the areas of color, ami infiltrates the whole picture with movement and light. Anotherchangeappears in the use of green: rich and strong like Courbel's in "The Luncheon," lender and muled according to Manet's own delicate sensibility in this later work." Although Manet died in 1883. his art is perhaps Ihe first which can be truly called "of our lime." Czech turbines BUENOS AIKES IUP1) Â·Â· The Argentine Trade Secretariat lias signed yn agreement to buy t\m 600-kilowaU turbines from Czechoslovakia for S9 million. Tlw turbines will Ix iastallcd al UK.' Kio Twbio Hydroelectric planl. Kt=D TODAY'S TREASURES Mo slack appears in rush/or bottles By Jean Barnes Bottle collecting has become rfiore than just a f a d . Its d e v o t e e s h a v e made it a technical and f a s c i n a t i n g collecting specially. In the process they have added a wealth, of "new" items lo the marketplace. These are not the liquor botMes or cosmetic bottles with "manufactured' value but Ihe bottles that you search for in abandoned houses, junk piles, old slore buildings . . boltles that have reached or soon will reach Ihe 100-year stalure of antiques. Basically, there are four general divisions of bottle collecting -- whiskey bodies in- cjuding flasks, hitlers bottles, figurals and household bottles Whiskey flasks made from 1750 to about 1860 were among the first to attract American collectors, perhaps because they originally were made lo be attractive as well as utilitarian " Historic flasks are a result of the glassmakers search for bottles consistent in size. Free hjown bottles varied greatly in size and shape. It was for this reason thai factories eariy in the 19th century developed a molded botlle of standard size B i t t e r s b o l t l e s s h o u l d probably be classified as liquor boltles. too. because much of the "medicine" of the last half of Ihe 19lh century contained a higher alcohol content than whiskey. 'One authority explained that hitlers were invented to avoid the gin tax in Kngland. However, there were more than JOO makers of bitiers in ihe United Stales, which could prove lhat Americans know a good thing when they find it. Household boltles are to be found in a wide variety of shapes and sizes and generally dale from the last half of the 19th century. Figurals are bottles shaped like a recognizable person or object. Whether old or new., they are very collectible Several properties which a battle possesses will reveal its age. These Include the method ot manufacture, the top or lip. stoppers and closures and the bottom or base. The free-blown bottle made until the early 1800s shows no mold marks. The mold-blown bottle will have seams down each side but the neck which was finished by hand will show- no seams. Three-piece molds were used from about 1810 until the 1880s and bottles showing seam marks of a three-piece mold are considered rare. Wooden molds in use from 1820 to 1860 often produced "Whillle" marks in the glass. These marks were not caused by poor carving, but ralher by the cotd mold and hot glass which created (he wavy imperfection in the glass. Schwartz discusses flowers XAMP.A -- Idaho wild [lowers and Iheir significance to prospectors eeologists and the general public w a s the topic of ; slide presentation ly Dill Sch- w j i r l z . owner of S c h w a r t z I'rmiini;. at ;i meeting of the American Business Women's Association recently. I'niisual fads about Idaho's wild Mowers were of special interest, including that Idaho has a wild orchid: a species of ihe t ' a m a s lily is verv poisonous: p r o s p e c t o r s have used Ihe color of the native wild flnuers as an indicator 01" soil mineral conlenl: and ecologies can chart soil conditions ny Ihe types of wild flowers in bloom. Wanda Walls from Liquified Van Gas presented Hie vocational talk at tlio evening a f f a i r The introduction of guests included Caldwell chapter members. Clara ( j r c v c r . Colleen Hammnns. Wilmina Ingrain, .lanice Hicks. I.dybcl [Jachman and Jan Raymond Other guests (mil Sampa were I'efigy IhkanMjn. Gloria Morse and Susan Wallace KARCHER MALL 20 to 35% off ONE1DA NORTHLAND STANILESS SETS Dislinclive 'VEGAS', 25-pc. Slcirler Set for 4. 16.50, 12.00 50-Pc. for 8, 33.00, 24.00 Simplislic 'LOVE STORY', 25-pc. Starter Sel 17.50, 14.00 50-Pt. Service for 8. 35.00.28.00 Tradilioncil 'ROMFORD', 25-Pc. Slcifler Sel 14.50, 10?00 50,Pt. Service for.'s,. 29.00,20.00 \ CONTINUOUS COLLAGEN CARE SUPPLEGEN Now two exciting additions to the Supplegen beauty program! Each formulated with stabilized soluble collagen that helps keep skin looking youthful. SUPPLE- GEN LASTING MAKEUP, Vj-oz. 12.50-SUPPLEGEN TONING RINSE, 8-oz. 1.0.00 AMERICAN TOURISTER SALE 25% off MOLDED SERIES 1000 CASUAL SERIES 3000 From now Ihrough February 23rd, we'll give you savings from $8.75 lo $20.00 a case on selected sizes including Totes, Carry-Ons, Pullman, Car Bags and Garment Carriers. Don'l delay, quantities are limited. Limited time offer! Family canvas sale women's canvas compare OQQ at 8.95 0 Assorted iie-ond slip-on slyles m good selection of colors. Many wes "' Sand M widths Save! children's canvas compare 199 )I99 at 9.95 L "4 Excellent selection of col ors, in sixes Infani 'hroucjh Boys. Don'l miss I'ns sov- ings! men's competition oxford canvas 90 6 compare at 12.95 Mony c o l o r s lo choose from in llns Spring's mos' popular slyles. Shop now while tho prices oro lov,' USE VOUB BON MAKCHf OMRGF C4RO. IT'S BET7ER ,H*N MONEY! No ttlH , t ,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,, ,,,, . *ppliÂ»h-n. Shop KARCHCK UMLl fi% 10 to 9. Sund.y, r,oo n ,Â» s " '" ' C """'
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