Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on February 15, 1975 · Page 4
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 4

Nampa, Idaho
Issue Date:
Saturday, February 15, 1975
Page 4
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The Idaho l-'iw lYc.-s i The nnie. Saturday. |-'ebiuary 13. 1117:1- -I Opinion Today's editorial Lawmakers who care Wlio really cares? Idaho legislators, that's who. If ourestcemed legislators aren't tied up vilh Ihe absurdity of Irving lo rescind Hie tale's ratification of Ihe E|ual liighis \mendmenl. Ihcy become vigorously ·mangled in an issue wilh equal urgency-- ;eeping Idaho in step wilh Hie resl of ihe latioii on Daylight Saving Time. In reality Idaho has never been in stip vith Ihe resl of the nalion, anyway, and mUing Idaho on daylight lime and con- orming lo Ihe resl of Ihe nalion would slill eave us oul of slep. The major industrial, manufacturing, shipping and population enlers have always been in different ones than Idaho. Gelling in slep simply defies logic, bin ogic hasn't deterred our legislators in the ast: we doubt !hal il will now Well gosh! 0 Even if the legislature doesn't act in line to reinslale Daylight Saving Time bv "eb. 23 as a result of their earlier inep- ness. they can still spend their energies or Ihe resl of Ihe session working on Ihf iriorily projecl of rescinding Hie EKA. Governor Andrus may do his part lo put daho in slep. Ihough, jusl to save Ihe egislature Ihe hassle. If? told the f.'asl daho News Association he is checking inlo Ihe legalities of instituting DST by executive order. How did our Gem lawmakers find themselves in a light spot on DST again Ibis year, you may ask. They did pass legislation this session thai would return Ihe slide to emergency DST. But tha,( bill fairnul lake effect because ihey forgot lo repeal a measure passed in 197-1 exempting Southern Idaho from daylighl lime until April 27. Shucks. Things were loo quiel in those marble halls, anyway. Now Ihe legislators have found someihing Ihey can really gel (heir leeUi inlo-repealing the work they did Ihe year before. Perhaps Ihey should look inlo some areas lhat need repcaling-not the K(|iial itighis Amendment. Tlie hysteria generated over bolh issues probably will only mount higher before il dies down, unfortunately. We only hope lhal before Ihey go home our representatives attack more crucial issues facing the state wilh Ihe same en- iliusiasm. and we refer lo kindcrgarlcn funding, lax relief, Ihe Idaho construction industry, unemployment, stale employes' salaries, educational opportunity statewide, power planl siling. land use planning and energy conservation just lo Ihrow oul a lew examples. he Hayakawa column It's still propaganda K S.I. 11 When Kdward J. Epstein set oul to ·Xiiminc how television network news irograms are pul together, he met with nore Ihan a little resistance. He w;is told lal "news is news." ami thai there is no eed to analyze the process of assembling According lo the standard nelwnrk rgument. newsmen simply hold a mirror p lo reality lo show us whal is really appening. Epstein quotes David Hrinkley f NBC as saying. "What television did in le 60s was loshow Ihe American people to ' e American people." Nevertheless, says Epstein, lirinkley. ml same night closed his evening news rogram wilh Ihe following: "A vastly popular song through most of Hi sujiime.r and fall is called 'liuby. Ron,'!,.., atejjt'our Love ITn Town.'.\H's been hiRrY:-*. inlM-best-seller lisL..but il is more Hum ;i pp*5flng: il is a social commenlary...on P " e^.w'ar. [Ms Ihe lament of a Vielmim :lerah ..woimHed. corifinei toidiisUjed. lying (here listening as his wife goes oul at night...And here is the song, set to film." i Following Ihis introduction. Brinklcy Showed a three-minute film illuslraling the song, "showing what purports lo be Ihe room of the crippled veteran, complete with mcmenlos. trophies...interspersed with scenes of (be room were scenes of Hie war...and of Presidents Johnson and Nixon, all combined in a single montage." 'Epstein, digging a little more deeply, found that the song was not about (be Vietnam- war. but written many years earlieraboul an incident in World War II-and that it was not a bestseller al the time of Ihe broadcast. "The re-creation of the popular song was." ho writes, "entirely ficlive." .Furthermore Epstein learned lhal the room in which Ihe veteran lay in the film was "a set in Los Angeles, rented for the occasion." The producer told Epstein lhal Ihe "war souvenirs" were props selected "lo create an atmosphere of futility and absurdity." The war scenes were from a collection of slock fool.ige from many wars in the film libraries at NiiC. This is a mirror of reality? This is a "news broadcast?" Perhaps it is what is fashionably called "interpretive- rppor- I Today's thoughr "\o one can srrvc t w o masters: fur cither he will fi;ilp Hie oru 1 anil love llu 1 other, nr he will hrtlrinlcil lo tlio mil- and despise tin- nllirr. Ynu CMIIIKII senr (iml and mammon." -- Matlliew 11:21. "The universe is centered mi neither llu- earlh nor the sun l! is centered m Cod." Alfred N'nyos. English poet ling. 1 1 would call il propaganda. Epstein's book. "News from Nowhere: Television and Hie News" iliandom [louse 1 is a richly informative bul deeply disturbing book. Epstein's hock lakes me back many years, when I was thrown inlo Ihe sludy of propaganda analysis--and fro"' "irr- inin semantics--by events preceding World War II. Wilh'fantastically skillful use of radio--combined with spectacular showmanship in parades and rallies- Hitler in the l!K!Os was advancing from one success lo another. When German troops marched inlo Austria and conquered lhal nalion without firing a single shot. Ihe whole world was impressed with what could be done with radio. Ttie Austrians had simply been convinced it) advance lhat resistance was "ftSlcss:"'" lladio was (hen being used as an instrument of political persuasion and control for the first time. In Ihe U.S., loo, it certainly proved lo be a powerful influence. On Wesl Madison Street in Chicago, in front of bars and shops along Skid How. as in many other cities in America, hundreds of unemployed gathered each Sunday afternoon to hear the political economic sermons of Father Charles E. Coughlin of Royal Oaks. Mich. Millions of his listeners found in his words a ray of hope. Others fount 1 a threal of an American brand of fascism. The great master of radio was President Franklin D. Roosevelt, wilh his "Fireside Chats," opening wilh the familiar words, "My friends..." Millions made unhappy by Ihc Great Depression listened lo him as a father. Millions who did nol like Ihe New- Deal feared him as a potential dictator. In land Sinclair Lewis wrole bis powerful and frightening novel. "It Can'l Happen Here." in which he shows il happening here--a home-grown American fascism led by a radio spellbinder. In 1937 Columbia University's teachers college started ils newsletter on propaganda analysis. II ivas also in 1937 thai Sluart Cliase began his series of articles in Harper's magazine i later a book). "The Tyranny of Words." In IMS Alfred Korzybski founded his Institute of General Scmanlics in Chicago, where I attended seminars, as did Wendell Johnson of Iowa and Irving J. Leo nf Northwestern and many olhers who contributed to ihe literature of semantics. I find lhal I read Kpstein's book with a deep sense of "lhis-is-where-1-came-in." It is always important to distinguish fac! from propaganda. It is always difficult lo lind the needle of meaning in haystacks of nonsense. Ihe slice of real beefsteaks in Ihc carload of bologna. Mr Kpslein. welcome to Ihe club! The Neirs-Tribune and JtoJp Jfm $mi Published evermgt «**pi Sunday or 316 Tt^lh Avt Saah. Non-pa. Ida'x) 87651 br Condon Pub'iih ng Co Entered oi leco^d dast r-oiter of "e Pest Qff-cf a' Nampo. fdaho. ,,-dtr o;r c Ma*ch 8 1879 All noticei ier|u'ed by law o- o-der of tojf c' eomp«l«nl |yiisdilhon 1d be p-b'uhrd weckfy *.'! be publnhed i" ihe So'u'doy i\ue of ih.i pnper p.- i\,nr,1 lo i*ct-OT 60 !08 I C 19i3 a\ oddcd i^e-eio by Chop'e' 164 1933 Seviion Laws ol Ido^o SUBSCRIPTION R A T E S Carrier, per flioirh . . Carrier, per year S3 25 S3900 BY MAIL (Po-d in advance) · 1 month. . . S3.50 omonlhi . S20.0C 3monlhi . . 5 1 0 2 5 1-year. S39.00 eipiraliOn da'* or an^ pairf r- n icnprion ihould ihere be a- a lulwripl 01 ra'«i Juance v-b -ADAM J. KAL6- Presidenl.Publisher THE NEWS-TRIBUNE MrciS Manager Ad. D-iedor RiChaMCoifnn-. Ed -o- P (hard Wil aTM CK Mg- IDAHO FREE PRESS Itorr-t Bruntr. 8ulineil Manager lany B Gardner, Editor C ffcben Buli. Adr Di'ecior J C. Lndholflfi. Cir Dir. J(e.ih BI 1.391. Co-npoiii^ Fcre-T^o-x Criarlei McCoy, fitn Fo'«^on Op«ni*ns txpritwd only in 'Today's Editorial" columns r«p;*i«nf th* viewt of this n*wtpop«r. All other commend on thi* pagt ar« tht opinions of th* writ*;*, wtwriw m»mb*f» *f Fht n*w*pap«r's editorial board or nol, W* w*lt»m* J*1f*r» re lH« *Jjiftr, bul muit limit them to 300 words AH f«»«n mutt be iigntd, contain the *.. c.i 'ti* wr and 6it iub|*t. i* approval by iht editorial board, "Over my dead body!" Pauf Harvey comments Lawmen arm for defense Ky Paul Harvey The lawman from his firsl training is involved in behalf of the policeman and disciplined lo defer lo Ihe "civil rights" of our lawmakers hear only a lopsided debate until elected officials", bowing to the lawbreakers. While we have fellered our police wilh reams of regulations respccling Ihe "civil rights" of everybody else, (here has been no effective, organized nationwide defense of Ihe policeman's rights. So he's doing the besl he can. In his own self-defense he's carrying a bigger gnn- in slales where they'll lol him. It's not like in Ihe movies. Usually, when you shool a man he keeps coming. Unless you hil him in his spine or some vital nerve center he'll keep coming. If he's 11 gunman, he'll keep shooting. So some police departments are arming themselves wilh dumdum bullels. These hollow-point bullels smash on impacl. They'll knock a man down and oul instantly. The FBI uses hollow-point ammunition because it is Ihe only way in a you-or-me situation that Ihe lawman has a chance. Further, this hollow-poinl bullcl which expands on impact is much less likely lo go thereafter hitting other people. Whoever lawnum'sdbtf"any''advanlag4 for Ihemselves we promptly' hear an anguished oulcry from-cerlain groups. Iii this instance il is the American Civil Liberties Union (ACI.U) which demands thai police be prohibited from using dumdum bullels. Seldom are any bystanders willing to get organized opposition, proceed to pass laws which further constrain lawmen. In Kichmond, Norfolk and Alexandria, Virginia, policedeparlmenIs have already surrendered lo Ihe pressure and have withdrawn this ammunition. In three slates bills have been filed which would ban the use of dumdum bullets by police. Similar ordinances have been proposed in many cities. Now Ihis American Civil Liberties Union is trying to gel Congress to make it a law nationally, so lhal our lawmen everywhere will have available less lethal ammunition Ihan thai used by their lawless adversaries. In each stale, meanwhile, ACIAI chapters are busily preparing lawsuits which contend thai the use of such bullels violates the victim's constitutional rights. When arc we going (o consider Ihe constitutional rights of our lawmen? Have they no similar righl to "due process?" i"i IliWa'ilbi'eaXer-wiirtrim'ilie nose bl his' magnum ' ammunition wilh a penknife. 1 These sclf-appoiiilcd executioners respecl no regulalions, no ix'slraiuls, nobodv cise's rights. . . . In years pasl the ACIAJ has positioned itself alongside Ihe victims of deprivation and discrimination. What's il doing over there on the other side? Foreign commentary China -- superpower? By Charles HONG KONG (UPI) - China's major political problems have been patched up temporarily and the leadership is preparing a long-range program aimed al raising the country to superpower status by the end of the century. This is one of the messages thai comes Ihrough clear in documents of the 4th Nalional People's Congress, held in Peking lasl month after a delay of several years. Although a new conslilulion and Premier Chnu En-lai repealed an old Iheme and declared emphatically thai "China will never be a superpower," the program Chou outlined in his report lo the session is a hlueprinl for superpower stains. Noting that 1975 was Ihe last year of the republic's 4lh five-year economic development plan, Chou said il was necessary lo begin longer-range planning. Communist party Chairman Mao Tse- tung, who did nol attend the NPC session, agrees wilh Ihis, Chou said. (Mao's absence from Ihe NPC session and a preliminary meeting of the Communist parly Central Commillee has nol been explained, bul most China analysts believe the declining health of (he 81-year- old leader was the main reason.) Chou lold Iho 2,864 delegates to Ihe NPC Mao had given inslruclions on long-range planning as far back as Ihe lasl congress, in 1964. Al that lime, he said, Mao envisaged "the development of our national economy in two stages beginning from Ihe 3rd five- year plan: The firsl stage is lo build an independent and relatively comprehensive industrial economic system in 15 years; that is, before 1980. "The second stage is to accomplish (he comprehensive modernizalion of agriculture.industry, nalional defense and science and technology before the end of Hie century so thai our national economy will be advancing in the from ranks of Ihe world." Calling for all-out efforts lo exceed (he plan ending Ihis year, Chou said a good production performance was necessary lo lay (he base for a real leap forward in I960. "In thelighl of the situation al home and abroad. Ihe next 10 years arc crucial for accomplishing whal has been envisaged for Ihe two stages. "In Ihispcriod.wcsnall nol only build an independent and relatively comprehensive industrial and economic system bill march lowards Ihe splendid goal scl for Ihe second slage. K. Smith "With this objective in mind, (he stale council will draw up a long-range 10-year plan, five-year plans and annual plans." In doing this, China should rely more on foreign involvement. Chou indicated. Bul he rejected the idea of over-independence on foreign technology, or "servility to things foreign, (he doctrine of trailing behind at a snail's pace." To supporl this, he quoted Mao: "Rely mainly on our own efforts, while making external assistance subsidiary, hreak down blind faith tin things foreign) ... do away with slavishness, bury.dogmatism, learn from Ihe good experiences of other countries conscientiously and be sure lo sludy Iheir bad experience too, so as lo draw lessons from it. This is our line.." Under Chou's guidance, China already has lied i(s economic development program almost irrevocably lo the capitalisl countries by the order of whole plants, technology and equipment on a large scale. Chou's opponents used Ihis lo attack his policies, accusing him of relying loo much on foreign involvement. However, Ihe NPC and (he parly have pul a slamp of approval on Chou's policies and development plans should move ahead slcadily if (lie political infighling lhat has been so disruptive in (he pasl can he contained. Our readers say Pioneer plant supported To The Editor: Not until recently have I made a serious endeavor in becoming increasingly interested in the economic, environmental am! societal slate of this region, especially since the developing controversy over Ihe Idaho Power Company's proposed Pioneer plant and Ihe eye oponijig effect it has had on the public. It appears Ihat most everyone is somewhat opinionated when i! comes to discussing (his issue, even to Hie point of not knowing what is actually involved. For the past several weeks I've gathered dala in regard to the Pioneer plant. Believe me, I've evaluated it carefully and find thai (his facility is needed for our fast approaching future. As a student leader I've taken special note nf both Ihe economic and environmental e f f e c t s which will he generated by this proposal. The economics are most likely to affect us as members of this area. For just a moment, pay particular attention to these following economic benefits which will directly benefit all of us and our future offspring. --During construction this facility will employ approximately 1.000 employes. --The weekly expenditure in salaries alone during construction will exceed $400,000. --A great majority o[ those employes will be Idalioans. [Only a minimum will gain employment as "oui-of-slalers."i II has been said by a knowledgeable labor leader that many local laborers are now available to start construction on Pioneer. --Upon completion, the facility will employ 100 (o 125 persons ;it an approximate annual salary expenditure of Si ,000,000 plus. In addition to Ihi'se monies being fed inlo our economy. Ihe facility will also do vast purchasing of materials in Ihe immediate area. --Properly taxes assessed to this facility will gross approximately $10,000.000 annually for Ada County .ilone. of which approximately SG.OOO.OKi will be earmarked for school district usage. This $6.000.000 dcsignaled for school district usage could build new school facilities regularly. There are more economic benefits, loo numerous to mention, which will benefit all of us. Agriculture is a very good example of 'additional benefits derived. Agricullure is growing rapidlywilhin this region and is increasing the .demand upon needed electricity for irrigated products used to facililate our needs. The environmental effects can be best explained by describing Pioneer's physical plant. Air cleaning precipilators al the plant, each larger than a football field, and including more titan 26 acres of dusl- collecling plate surface, are designed to remove 99-plus per cent of Ihe particulates from exhaust air. This indicates (hat Pioneer will be belter than 'J9 per cent clean. Pioneer's boilers are designed to minimize the production ol nitrogen oxide and lo meet all present federal and slate standards. When construction is authorized, the company must obtain an operating permit from Ihe Idaho Department of Health and Welfare for testing, then pass a performance lest before it can be operated commercially. Possibly, 1 should have addressed myself lo the issue of need, however. 1 assume that most everyone is familiar wilh the true need lo develop additional energy producing facilities, especially wilh the Ihcught lhat petroleum products may vanish within our generation wilboul prevenlative measures. Many students, such as 1. want the future I rj .become brighter. This can surely brighten il considerably. Wilh Ihe approval of Ihe Pioneer plant Idaho's economic situation will undoubtedly improve. As a student loader. I'm sure I speak for thousands of Idaho's youth who want lo see a striving economy wilh the possibility lo remain here in this great state. We do nol want lo establish our lives out of Idaho as'a means lo obtain our need for employment. Idaho's present and fulure need for additional employment may be partially resolved with the construction and corti- pletion of Ihe proposed Pioneer plant. '' Speaking on behalf of Idaho's youth 1 urge your supporl for Idaho Power Company's proposed Pioneer plant. Kil D. Chrislensen President. Associated Sludenls Boise Stale liniversilv Libertarianism advocated To The Editor: A recent UPI article slated: "Swedish Communisls are trying lo bring McDonald's 'Golden Arches' tumbling down because they say franchised hamburger chains are 'a danger lo the working people'." The communisls propose lo use government action-the legalized use of force in human relationships--(o compel Ihe people .oj. S.wcden lo accept iheir opinions, .This'illustrates Ihc basic -prin- . cipleof fonimuiiisl ideology in the area of human relationships. Communists are among Ihe most con- .sislenl advocates of the use of force in human relationships. They believe thai Hie voluntary aspecl of all human relations should be destroyed and replaced by governmenl-legalized use of force and violence lo compel everyone else lo accept their opinions. In contrast. McDonald's works only through voluntary trade for mulua'l benefit. They have no legal power lo use force and violence in their relationships wilh other people This illustrates Ihr principle of voluntary human relafionships lhat is basic lo laissez faire. ' In order lo be an effective ami- communist il is necessary to be con-, sislcntly opposed to Ihe basic principles of, com mini'sm People who advocale passing new laws, or keeping old laws, lhal' compel others to accept Iheir opinions, believe in the same basic principle lhal Ihe, communisls do. Any contest between such people and communisls becomes a mere- miibble over whose opinions are to be, forced upon others or which faction will hold the power lo compel. Libertarians are the only people who are' anywhere near consislenl in supporting Ihe principle of voluntary human relationships in all areas of human society. Libertarians also are Ihe mosl consistent' 1 in opposing the use of initiated force inhuman relationships, l.ibertarianism is Ihe only consistent anti-communist' ideology there is. Dale G. Green Caldwell Fund-raiser successful your donations and supporl for m Many thanks lo all who helped make our fund-raising projccl for our school, fun nighl 21 Wcsl Canyon another success _. A special thanks'lo Ihe merchants. , ,° P ro ? ee ? s wl » 8° to purchase commillee chairmen, teachers, our school children, cooks, workers and all who participated in any way. \Vr appreciate for the school. West Canyon PTO Kafhy Dines. Chairman yearlj!»J "·t*. ,»* things!* .'1 Regulation The cost is high ^WASHINGTON - iNEA) - President Font's economic advisers are l:nown to believe government regulations may cosl consumers $15 billion a year. Thai's S2K4 for 1975 for'a family of four. !-ess efficient producers are protected. Efficient firms make undue profits The public pays higher prices. Wasteful practices are encouraged. Some regions and users are favored over others. Mr. Ford's Council of Economic Advisers has come up wilh Ihese glarinp examples: l-ocal experience in California and Texas wilh minimal controls suggests lhat as a result of excessive federal regulalirai. inlerslalc air passengers may he paying as much as 65 per cenl more ihan necessary in some cases. The overall national excess cosl (o (he public rn.iv add up lo around $300 million a year. ' Unnecessary numbers of" flights and aircraft operating on some roules, again a direct result of grealcr-lhan-neoded regulation, costs us dearlv in impnrte.l fuel. Regulations force railroads and iruckers lo favor some regions. pcnali?e others give special rales to some users charge more lo olhcrs lo make np for the loss .Machinery, for example, is regularly charged far more Ihnn the actual cosl of Iransporl by rail, while crude ores gel bv wilh rales (hat don't enable Ihc lines To mcel expenses. Because the railroads have been forced to keep unprofitable routes in operalion far longer than necessary, they've had lo ch.irpe customers more on oilier runs. Regulations which force frcighl car renlal charges well below fair cosl encourage inefficient use. Kor one, rail box cars, on the average, move only one hour m eight. Shippers hold 'ihem as Ha Crnmlev warehouses: other lines lake Iheir sivecf-' time in reluming this equipment to the* proper owners. These practices' J ' discourage well-managed roads frorriW investing capital in modern cars which# quickly slip out of their control for lone'V periods. J*^ Anti-trust exemptions allow truckers lo"% agree on rales in secret. Interstate^: Commerce Commission routing*!? procedures force absurd inefficiencies.^ i.overnmenl conlrol over entry of new'*! trucking firms inlo interstate business-^ discourages rivalry. ;j( Many slate, ciiy and county govern" ·! menls agree to price fixing in real c-stale 1 ^ settlement and other legal fees. Stale laws-" regularly prevent competition in a variety:-·· ol professional services. Fair trade laws in"2 many slates prevent retailers from sellingV, goons below Ihe suggested retail prices sel ~.i' "y manufacturers. '»»' ICC regulalions have probably con-""'' Inbuled significantly toward the; bankruptcy of several rail carriers in th£ northeastern part of the country. fTM Arbitrary ceilings on whal interesrJS banks and savings and loan associations)* may pay depositors has lended lo shrive»5 the funds available for home mortgagors and industry in recent years, thus ha helped bring on Hie current recession. Regulation of gas has created chroni and growing shortages in Ihe regulater5 interstate m.irkel. This shortage, in lurn*J» has led in increased imporls of oil. The problem is that regulalinns. one. established, even those put inlo effect fo very good reasons, become more rtgta with lime They're not eliminated when' the cosl in the public becomes prohibitive' or when Hie regulalions themselves begin lo encourage Ihe very evils Ihey were 1 wnllen lo prevent. " i

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