Las Cr MAY SHE FLY OVER TOKYO SOUJXERITNEW .mevco THE WEATHER Forecast: Cloudy today with intermittent snow north; showers southwest portion spreading to southeast portion late today or early tonight Sunday snow north and showers south. Colder east portion today. Lout 24 hours: Las Cruces State College ... .Tornado Range High Low Pen. 62 25 .02 . 55 20 . 68 30 Vol. 64--No. 248 ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE LAS CRUCES, NEW MEXICO. SUNDAY MORNING JANUARY 21. 1945 ASSOCIATED PRESS PHOTOS PRICE FIVE CENTS RUSSIANS SEIZE TILSIT, NAZI STRONGHOLD Roosevelt Takes Oath for fourth Term f By WALLACE FERRY in view of the important role that Indiana and Indian life have played in the field of painting-at least the contributions which have come out of New Mexico, even from world-traveling artists who visit the state temporarily-it seems strange, to me, that they haven't been a 'greater Influence in the kindred art of American music. * + # That statement may seem contradictory of opinions I expressed recently in commenting upon the bent of New Mexico painters toward Indian themes. My suggestion there, however, was not that artists abandon Indians and Indian subjects but that they give more attention to other phases of New Mexican life. With the kindred art, it seems to me--at least if it is to be truly American--it is at least equally important that the music of the Indians be given recognition.. For only in the themes chanted by Indian camp fires for a thousand years can the student, or composer, find genuine American originality--a native inspiration caught from the forests and the streams and the skies, which have no couterpart anywhere. * + * The greatest in music, any authority on the subject will agree, has come from folklore. Where else, then--save among the Indians--is there more truls American folklore? + * * Puzzling as they seem to bt to the musical critic, our more modern jazz, blues swing and boogie-woogie probably stem from folklore--though there are many who refuse to be convinced tha' their raucous noises constituti music. Our songs of the range--cow boy songs--arc purely American folklore; but their strains are no often original. Here in New Mexico--quite pro perly, I think--we still perpetuate the folk-songs of Old Mexico; but they're not accepted, in other parts of the United States, as American. The so-called "American Symphony" of Dvorak was built upon themes suggested by Harry Burleigh, the Negro bartione; but they're of Negro origin .representing only one transplanted phase of American life. * + + MacDoivell. with his Indian themes, made a contribution toward an American form of music. Cadman, in like vein, added an important step. But the world of music has not yet appreciated the wealUi of melody locked up In Indian throats and dying with an ancient race whose contribution to American art, strangely enough, for the most part seems to be in inverse ratio to its ability to understand that it is making any contribution at The crude themes of the aborigines, with their false intervals and complicated rhythm, seem to make little, if any, musical impression upon one who hsars them droned In the monotone of the Indian singer. But, translated by the skilled 'composer and developed into the form of art-song, they are of the most appealing beauty--ranging from the tcnderest love-song to the raging shriek of battle. They teem with pathos or rattle along as merrily as the patter songs of Arthur Sullivan. They carry, too, their deeply-buried burden of the .traditions, aspirations, hatreds and /humors of the race, !Â·' Translated into action, they "could become a rival for the world's great operas. The value of a preservation of the musical art of this dying race. In my Judgment, is not, essentially, In Indian themes as abstract music but tn tlw contribution they could make to the material which the writers of the song and the symphony use as fl basin, If they'd (Continued on page 4) Dedicates Nation to Total Victory By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL WASHINGTON, Jan. 20 -AP) -- President Roosevelt egan another four'years in the white house today and, in a sternly simple ceremony, dedicated the nation to achiev- ng "total victory in war" and 'a durable peace." Against a'background of wlntery vhite and under leaden skies, Mr. Roosevelt solemly rested his hand in an ancient family bible and re- ^eated after Chief Justice Stone Jie oath that made him America's first fourth-term president. The precedent-making oath was Iminlstered in what the president termed "a period of supreme :est." he said: "If we meet that test--successfully and honorably^we shall perform a service of historic importance which men and women and children will honor throughout all time." Will Work for Pence From the south portico of the ivhite house, which he himself ae- lected for the scene of the third wartime Inauguration in history, the president surveyed a hushed park full of spectators, standing In slush and snow. Around him were members of his family, high'dignitaries of government. "In the days .and in the years that are to come," he declared in history's briefest inaugural address--551 words--"we shall work for a just durable peace as today we worl: and fight for total victory in war. "We can and we will achieve THEY SOLD FOR $50,000 EACH! such a peace." No Glitter Not since Lincoln's day had Washington seen a wartime inauguration. Gone ware the glitter and fanfare, and, keying the events to the times, spectators were limited to 6,000 guests, mostly government officials or Democratic party executives. ' They were packed onto the spacious south lawn. Other Washingtonians had a remote view of the proceedings from beyond the black iron white house fence. Harry S, Truman, former Missouri senator, was sworn in a vice president just before Mr. Roosevelt. Henry A. Wallace gave the oath to Truman, and thereby bowed out of that office. PARIS, Jan. 20--The reinforced French first army scored gains up to three miles yesterday in a new offensive launched against the Germans' Colmar-Mulhouse pocket approximately 70 miles south of where U. S. seventh army troops were fighting to save Strasbourg, imperilled capital of Alsace. The French struck this blow for Alsatian liberation at a German- leld sector thai extends 36 miles Into the Vosges and is 55 miles wide at its base along the rim. The Picacho Youth Killed in Action Mrs. Ellas Olivas of the old cacho community received notice this week that her son, Augustin Ramirez, 19, had been killed in action. Â· The youth previously had been reported missing in Germany. BROWNIES MEET North Alameda Brownies met at the school house with their leader, Mrs. Larsen, Friday afternoon Two new singing games were learned by the 27 little girls present and afterward the entire group went to the high school to see the Blumenschein art exhibit. TT Triumphant 29th and TT Regent, two Hereford bulls, are.-showri at Denver,jCjblo., just afttr they were sold for $50,000 apiece--believed to be the highest ever paid for one bull. Standing beside the ani-' mals, left to right!" are Richard Riggs of Catonsvill e, Md., who bought Triumphant; Dan Thornton of Gunnison, Colo., seller of both animals, and E. F. Fisher of Romero, Mich., who bought regent. (AP Wirephoto). FRENCH SPEED AID TO HARD PRESSEDYANKS IN ALSACE Rattler in Upholstery, Car's A Wreck Noiu MALIBU Beach, Cailf., Jan. 20 I. H. Danlelson captured a rattlesnake four feet long, with 14 rattles and one button, put it in the trunk of his automobile and planned to take it to the UCLA Research laboratory. En route, Danielson and his friend, Eugene Bowmen, heard a rattle that had nothing to do with the car itself. The snake was in the upholstery. It took three hours to dismantle the interior of the car and recapture the snake. Housewives to Get 60 Red Points W ' ^HTNGTON, Jan. 20 UP) -Because the next food ration period covers five weeeks, housewives will receive 60 instead of 50 points for buying meats, fats and dairy products. The new period begins Jan. 28 and will extend through March 3. LABOR DRAFT BILL READY FOR HOUSE ACTION MONDAY Germans have been stubbornly de-, 'ending this large Alsatian foot- lold with perhaps 35,000 troops. French forces gained at several points along the southern flank al- .hough a daylong snowstorn de- jrived them of air support. The French jumped into the mounting battle, with the fate of Alsacn and Str:ubourg in the balance, after tank-led German troops drove U. S. seventh army lines jack five miles and threatened to undermine American positions in the northeast corner of France. British troops jumped the Maas river below Roermond unopposed last night, widening the .'second army's push in the Dutch pan- landle which is forcing the Germans back on the Roer river line 38 miles west of Dusseldorf. At the southern end of the western front, Americans fought up to 10,000 Germans linked in a solid 3ridgehead over the Rhine at one point only seven miles above Strasbourg-. Just below the British operations, U. S. first and third army troops drove in upon St. Vltn, highway stronghold in the diminishing Belgian bulge, and advanced north of captured Diekirch, 30 miles to the south in Luxembourg. Kritisli Seize Stcveiunveert British assault troops crossing the Maas by boat seized Stoven- sweert, seven miles southwest of Roermond, without opposition. The crossing added about two miles to the seven-mile assault arc of white- camouflaged tanks and troops bulging into German lines within eight to 10 miles of the Roer river. Although Stcvonsweert had been abandoned. It was still too early to tell whether the enemy was beginning a general withdrawal from the Up of hU salient between Roermond and Geilenklrchen in Germany, a front dispatch naid. British troops advanced up to 1.500 yards in mop-up operations, (Continued on page 2) WASHINGTON, Jan; 20--(-TJ-House military commltteemen predicted today they'll have an administration-sought labor draft bill--armed with prison penalties for evrflers--written and. ready for house consideration Monday. The blil, asked by the white house as a means of forcing men 18 to 45 into war jobs nnd keeping them there, faces stiff house opposition, however. Organized labor supporters are against it and some farm state representatives say they fear the heightened manpower drive may strip the farms of work era. Abandoning the idea of military labor battalions for those who leave war Jobs, the committee yesterday substituted as punishment tho draft dodger penalties nf the selective service net; maxlmunifl of five years' imprisonment and a AIR TRAVELER $10.000 fine. Before the bill is finished the same punishment will be set up for those who ignore attempts to fin them to essential jobs. The committee also voted to give to War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes the power to determine what jobs aie critical. Concern over the plight of farm workers reached the point in the house where a group of farm state congressmen got behind a resolution demanding that selective service director Lewis B. Hcrahey comply with" the present law de- Vandenberg Looms As 1948 Candidate WASHINGTON, Jan. 20---"P Senate Republicans began today In talk about Senator Arthur Van- denbcrg, their Michigan colleague, fis a possible GOP candidate for president in 1948. Vandnnberp has been listed in the potential category before-in fact wan an active but unsuccessful aspirant for his party's nomination In 1036 and 1040. He an- Prices Paid for Caille Set Peak At Denver Show DENVER, Jan. 20 (Â£*)--Buyers at the national western stock show had a lot less cash to jingle today after shelling out nearly $3,500,000 and setting a pair of new world records for - livestock purchases They also created a new dollar record for the Denver Union Stockyards. L. M. Pexton, president, reported. Total purchases through Friday were $3,471,979 and today's routine ' business handled by individuals as buyers bobbed up, should bring the week's figure up past $3,500,000. Hearalclcd as new world marks were the $50,000 apiece paid for two Hereford bulls and $8,500 for a Hereford cow consigned by Dan Thornton, Gunnison, Colo., ranch er. Previous marks, Denver stock men said were $40,000 paid foi a bull at Chicago last year an $4,000 paid for a hereforu* c"ow a t ! Denver 13 years ago. Stockmen also believed the $85,000 paid by the W. T. Waggoner estate of Vcrnon, Tex., for a carload of bulls was a new mark, although they had no accurete fi- furea for comparison. The $5.10 a pound paid Billy Moehle, 13 of Enid, Okla., for his jrand champion lamb equaled the world record set last year--also on a lamb entered by the Enid lad. During stock show week, the Denver stockyards handled 66,508 lead of livestock--hogs, catle and sheep, Fancy prices paid for the breeding stock and Juior entries Â·welled the total well paat the previous high week by nearly a million dollars. F.C. Rand Heads N.M. Press Assn. SANTA FE. Jan. 20--Wl--The New Mexico I'ress Assn. ndjourn- end Its annuiii convention today after naming Frank C. Rand, Jr.. Santa Fe Publisher, as it* president and voicing vigorous support for Inclusion of a free press piank In any world pence program. The association by resolution ox- pressed appreciation for tho address todny of Columbus Olragl. Arizona publisher, ','on the subject of the need and Importance free exchange of world news a euro fur most of the world 1 ;) Ills." Yanks Winning .eft Flan) i'ght on Luzon By SPENCEft DAVIS GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS on Luzon, Jan. 20 (AP) -- Lt.,Gen, Waler KrUeger ia winning the important battle of the left flank. His sixth afrhy is smashing Japanese tanks, silencing artil- ery concealed in caves and gong after enemy soldiers in 10- f oot-deep hole with flame- hrowers. It is the first real ight since the Yanks landed t Lingayen gulf Jan. 9. Twenty Japanese tanks have been knocked but and 600 Nipponese killed--ttme of them 23rd division' troopf from^Manchuria-three-day period along the eft flank. ';Â· ' That Hank Jiita Into the hilly, instern side at Pangaslnan pro- 'ince. The broader It gcta the more effectively it Isolates Japanese 'orces on the nojrth around Baguio, Philippines suitirner capital, from other enemy forces on the eouth defending Manllf. Significantly, ^Ihce the fighting flared up on thj), loft flank, there has been scarcely any official word of a furthef push in strength southward by Yank columns last reported approaching Tarlac, 65 airline miles from Manila. The battle of the left flank ia not a continous engagement of massed 'forces bUt rather a scattered series of small scale, bitter clashes. The Americans are link- Ing up a solid line along the Manila Bagulo road In a 30-mile stretch frorn near Rosario on the north to the Agno river on the south near Villasia. Heavy A r Hi lory Duels From the north to south In that area, today's communique and associated press field dispatches reported: The Japanese threw night counterattacks at Yanks In the outskirts of Rosarlo after a push cast from coastal Damortls. The Nipponese were repulsed but artillery duels are continuing. Four miles southeast, Yanh columns moving north on the Manlla- Bagulo highway which leads in behind Roaarlo captured Sison. Farther southeast down the highway paat Pozorrubio, where one stiff engagement of the left flunk battle was fought, the Japanese tried an ambush at Binalo- ilan. Yank 106-mm. guns destroy- id 10 camouflaged Japanese tanks and bazookas knocked out the ither two. On down the highway past Urdaneta, where a 24-hour fight was wo.n by the Americans earlier (Continued on page 2) ferrlng rjucntla) farm workers. nounccd last year that he was Rep. Lemke iR-Nd ) said local | through w i t h mich campaigning draft boards are misinterpreting \ but the unusual reaction which a Jan. 3 selective service directive | greeted hlfl recent foreign policy and. as a result, arc ordering Vhe [speech in the ncnatc hiM boosted induction of farm workers who him into the llmellRht again. Ahnuld be deferred. The 60-year olrl Michigan IrRln- "Afl a result fArmn are closing liilor, however, wants no part of down everywhere," hÂ« Bald. I It. . "The association," tho resolution continued, "doew hereby tnthuilna- tlcnlly and vigorously endorse and lupport the active and intelligent campaign led by Kent Cooper, --'x- prutlvc director of tho AMorlted Pram, for world preÂ«Â» frM-ddm, and tho member* Unroof pledge them- aclvoi to furlhrrnnefi of thin vita' cituftc through thi-lr news nnd odl- (Continued on pige 2) Methodists Hit at Legalized Gambling ALBUQUERQUE, Jan. 20 (,*)-- vtcmbers of the Albuquerque district of the Methodist church adopted a resolution opposing any attempt to legalize gambling In New Mexico. The district, which ukea In most of the state, adopted the following resolution yesterday: "Be it resolved that the Albuquerque dls- trlct of the Methodist church . . go on record aa dbiapprovlng any legislative attempt to lugallzt gambling In the state of New Mcx- ':o." At Santa Fe Thursday a bill was Introduced In the house of legallzt This is an English bull mastiff recently delivered to Mrs. Elliott Roosevelt at Hollywood, Calif., and at present confined in a commercial kennel. Seaman 1/C Leon LeRoy, IS, told the American Red Cross chapter at Antioch. Calif., he nnd an army sergeant and a seabee had been "bumped off" an army plane at Memphis. Tvnn., to make room for a dog consigned to Mrs. Roosevelt. (AP Wlre- photo). Red Chief Signs Allied Armistice With Hungary WASHINGTON, Jan. 20 UP) -The state department announced today that Marsha] Klement! Vor- oahtlov signed an armistice with Hungary at 8:30 a.m. Washington time on behalf of Russia, Britain and the United States. Thus, after over a month of !ie gotiations, the last of Hitler's satellites dropped out of the war The armistice was signed with General Miklos, head of the provisional Hungarian government at Debrecen, thereby obtaining for Miklos a form of Allied recogni Lion. The armistice will not mean tho end of all fighting in H u n g a r j because Nazi troops art? Ktill in a small western part of the country. Officials here expressed pleasure that Voroshilov had been chosen tÂ«i sign for the A Hies because ho noted for* hla friendliness to thi west. He took part in the foreign ministers' conference which Secretary Hull attended in Moscow ast year. The single signature paralleled the Romanian arlstice, which Russia signed for the three Allies. In the Bulgarian armistice both Russian and Allied representatlvca from Mediterranean headquarters signed. The explanation given was that Hungary has been primarily ll Russian zone of operations. Smash into Germany in Three Places LONDON, Jan. 20 (AP) -Tilsit, a northern . German stronghold since the days of the Teutonic knights,. fell today to a crushing Russian of- 'cnsive which was slicing up East Prussia and threatening to cut off the entire Junkers province. Troops of Gen. Ivan Chcrnakhov- sky's third White Russian army captured the ancient city 25 miles from the Baltic in East Prussia. Other forces driving into the province from 'the southwest were .vlthln 82 miles of tho Gulf of Dsui- having invaded Germany in three places. 200 Mile* from Berlin In southwestern Poland Marshal Ivan Koncv's first Ukrainian army drove up to within 38 miles of Breslau. in Silesia, Germany's 0th city. This force -,vaa 20-t miles from Berlin. In central Poland the Red army tide rolled on toward the Polish corridor 200 miles from Berlin on the direct road from Warsaw. Marshal Ivan Konev'a first Ukrainian armor reached the area of Kepno in a 20-mile advance from \Vielun northwest of captured Krakow. German home guard battalions, tile Vnlksstnrm, were battling 1 to stop the smash along the upper SlcGlan border. Berlin said. Kepno ia only nine miles from the frontier and 3R miles noi-thenst of Bresluu, the chief industrial center of German Silesia. Only 204 miles lie between Kepno and Berlin, Northwest of Warsaw Marshal Komi t ant Ln Rokossovaky'B second While Russian army reached or crossed tho southwestern border of east Frusta on a 35-mile front and stnbhed to Gilgenburg, 62 miles from tho Gulf of Danzig. Gilgvtiburg is only five miles from Tannenlmrg, where the memorial to Von Hindcnlnirg's victory of the Masurian lakes in lln first world war wii.s orerli/d. The Russians also reached Nei- denburg, eight mllea inside east Prussia, ami Chorzelle T)ii the east Prussian-Polish border, Uie Cur- mans announetxl. In the ei'iUer of the blazini; front Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov's first' White Russian army was pouring toward tilt- Polish corridor between the Vistula and Warta In Now Breakthroughs, and the Germans said fighting was raging j against tht.- onruflhlng line of Red army tanks. Tin; Russians had reached the irea or Plonk. Vistula river fortress 125 miles from Pumcninla. The Russians were 238 miles from Berlin in this sector. Espanola Soldier Honored in Action WITH THE A M E R I C A N CQ INFANTRY DIVISION SOMEWHERE IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC A R E A , Jan. 20 WPi- Pfc. Manuel E. Garcia of Ksjmnola. N. M., has been awarded the coin- fcat I n f f t n t y n n a n ' H badge for C'.v emplary conduct in action against the Japanese. A member of a veteran Jtmgle- fighting division, Garcia has been overseas 10 months and is one of th* cooks in an infttntry outfit, He attended Eajwnla nigh iichoo] and before enlistment he wna employed an a shipyard worker. Hl.s parents are Mr. and Mrs. Angus- gambling on ft local option bwia | tlnf , G arcia of Expanoli in New Mexico. JAP SUB MACHINEGUNS CREW OF TORPEDOED CARGO SHIP SAN FRANCISCO. Jan, 20 (/Pi--Tacit admlinlon that convoys sailing out of Pacific coast ports have boon alerted agatmt roving Japanciie submarines came today after the navy disclosed the loss of the liberty ship John A. Johnson nnd 10 of Its crew In a torpedoing and lifeboat strafing attack. The sinking nnd machlnegun attack came last November between the mainland ami Honolulu. Of the 10 American seamen killed moftt "' them died under sprays of hulleU fired, survivors ho said, by frenzied Japanese danced on the Hiibmiirine',H det-k, shouting ban Zulu and cur.sing tho Yanks. Survivors told how they spent two terrifying hours submerging themselves and hiding behind wreckage to keep out of tho rainpniglng enemy craft. They snld the submarine In Â«H surface hide and seek hunt strnfrd a lifehnat with ninchlm 1 gun hullelji nnd rnmmed n line raft. Sixty Americans survived the harrowing night. 4 New Oil Wells Are Producers AKTESIA. Jan. 20 /Pi -- Four ml wells were completed in the Kddy count\v fields during the past week resulting in three good producers and one In the low-produr- lion rhiss. Three m i w locations were . ilakud. The completions: Holte L. Woodward, Etz 2. se aw .'ta-1fi-.11; total tivpth -VU8 feet; flowed 200 barrels of oil per day iifU'i' .shut; Citrpor Mr ill Ing Co., Johnson I-H. nw st- 34-llKU total depth :i.8B5 feet; flowed 120 barrels of nil per day after shot; NaÂ«h, Wlndfohr Brown, Jackson IS-11. nw sw 1-17-30; total depth 3,004 fevt; flowed 100 barrels of nil per day a f t e r -shot; Hepollo 6il Co., Mi'lintyiv 7-t), se ne 17-17- ;tfl; total dept 2.109 feet; pumped 20 barrels of nil per day after .shot. New locations: Southern Union OÂ«a ('*.. state 3. nw nw 2SM7-2S; Southern Union Oas Co., state 4, m- 29-17-2H; Carper Drilling Co.. Johnson 2-U. se se 34-16-31. Ruling Opens Palh To Name School Heads SANTA KE, -Ian 20- (/Ft Art attorney (?Â»*neral'.s opinion held today t h n t the New Mexico leRlsln- t u r e can abolish the elective- office or county st'houl superintendent and iTt'Hle a board to appoint a supt-iintendont. Rep. J. V. Boyd (D-Dona Anal Inquired about the constitutionality of such a proposal, which was Introduced In thÂ« 1043 legislature and which hag tho,naoklng of the New Mexico educational association.
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