Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 23, 1973 · Page 4
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 4

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Greeley, Colorado
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Monday, April 23, 1973
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Page 4
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. / Tribune Editorial Page Opinion - Analysis - Interpretation GREELEY (Colo.) TRIBUNE Moil., April 23,1973 P»ge4 Pause and Ponder For God sent not his son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. -- John 3:17 One-way streets have advantages Greeley citizens are again faced with the question of one-way streets. The City Planning Commission has recommended that City Council adopt the recommendations of a Denver consulting firm, Alan M. Voorhees Associates. These include a proposal that 9th Street be made a one-way street west and 10th Street one way east. The fuss or support council receives no doubt will have strong influence on its decision. Council has an indication as to how the public has felt about one-way streets in the past as a result of the 1971 city election. At that time voters rejected the idea of making 9th and 10th streets and 10th and llth avenues one-way streets. Unfavorable personal experience with one- way streets in Denver or other cities, or apprehension about the possible effects of such streets, very likely formulated the opposition to the 1971 ballot proposal. The Voorhees report pointed out that, "The disadvantages of the one-way street plan are that travel to some destinations in the downtown area, will be more circuitous and inconvenient and that some driveways and parking lots will need to be changed." These disadvantages no doubt were in the minds of a number of motorists, property owners and businessmen when the 1971 proposal was defeated. On analysis, however, those effects considered disadvantages may be more than offset by the advantages. Obviously, one-way streets can make a driver's route to a certain destination more circuitous by several blocks, eating up some time and gasoline. This time and gasoline is negligent, however, compared to the amount of time and gasoline -- to say nothing about frayed nerves -required to drive through many blocks of traffic congestion, which one-way streets can relieve. Already Greeley is experiencing considerable traffic congestion on some streets and at certain intersections, especially during the rush hours. Further growth will certainly complicate this congestion unless improved traffic patterns and better signalization are established to expedite the flow of traffic. The Voorhees report mentions some of the costs involved in establishing one-way streets. And as we have noted, the roundabout driving takes some extra gasoline. But are those costs actually a disadvantage when considered against the high costs of accidents and injury and the tragedy of a fatality, resulting from jammed up traffic and dangerous intersections? The cost of a few extra blocks of "driving is absolutely nothing compared with the costs of even a minor accident. Some Greeley intersections, as the Voorhees report said, right now have high accident rates and other intersections the potential for a high rate. The best viewpoint of one-way streets is not whether at times they are going to cause some extra driving, or individual inconvenience. The main consideration is that they can serve the public well by moving traffic faster and smoother over their entire lengths, eliminating congestion and promoting safety. If one-way streets serve this purpose, they serve everyone and every destination -- be it home, school, business or office -- well. City Manager Jack Huffman has a good suggestion that only 9th and 10th Streets become one-way streets at first to give the public a chance to adjust to the change. A gradual change-over would not only give the public a chance to become accustomed to one-way streets before more of them are established but also give motorists an opportunity to discover for themselves what advantages one-way stre'ets would have for Greeley. Another chance for a flop Thus far, the tax checkoff for presidential campaign financing has been a big flop. On the eve of the final income tax filing deadline the proportion of taxpayers who sent in a special form designating a dollar of their taxes for this purpose was only about three percent. No great increase in that percentage is likely to be shown when all the figures are in. This has brought a predictable dispute over who is the villain in the piece, plus an equally predictable effort to scuttle the plan. The Democrats have been pointing the finger of blame at the GOP. Thanks to administration reluctance to publicize the plan lest it fatten Democratic coffers, they say, the tax checkoff has been "America's best kept secret." Several Republican senators are countering with a bill to repeal the I plan, arguing that it was adopted only to "bail the Democratic party out of its financial problems." Doubtless this sort of hassle was to be expected, given the present circumstances. The Republican party is well-heeled just now; the Democrats have been on short rations. This naturally leads to divergent attitudes as to the value of the tax checkoff plan. The question is whether, aside from these immediate political concerns, the plan should be continued. In our opinion it should be given a further chance. The ideal of providing the broadest possible base for financing presidential election campaigns is sound. If this is strongly urged upon the public, there may be much greater participation next year. It is worth a try. By Joseph Alsop WASHINGTON - In his energy message, the President has, in effect, proposed a poultice to treat a cancer. He has thus.come down on the side of the odd alliance now comprising the real sleepwalkers among the liberals, plus the leaders of our most predatory international oil company, Exxon. In the circumstances, the first thing to do is therefore to have a look at some of Ihe more immediate risks the President has apparently decided to run. These chiefly have lo do with Ihe value of the dollar abroad and inflation at home. Only an illiterate can suppose that the successive devaluations of the dollar have had no relation lo the inflation that now prevails in (his country. No nation can lop about 35 per cent off the value of ils currency, as we have cumulatively done, withoul sharply affecting domestic price levels. Here, moreover, Ihe storm signals are out again. Primarily because of heavy foreign withdrawals -- and not only by speculators -- we are due to have an unfavorable balance of payments for Ihe first quarter of 1973 that may be well Greeley Daily Tribune And The Greeley Republican Published every week day evening by Ihe Tribune-Republican Publishing Co. ffllice. 714 lib St.. Greeley, Colo.. 10111. Phone 357.0111. HILDKKD HANSEN Publisher I.EO fi. KOBNIfi Bnsinrsj M R r. JAKE ESTIIICK JR Circ Mar HOIIFRTWini.UNI) Keillor A.1..PBTEIISEN Adv.Mgr. JAMESW.I'OI'I'K Supl. Second.elais pottage p.Id at Greeley, Coto. Subscription rale: II per mod Hi. Member of the Associated Pre», Copley News Service, Colorado Press Ann., Inland Daily Press Assn., Audit Bureau ef Circulations. litKf te the Tribune.RinAlkBn Put. llshlnf Co. by Grovloy Type. tripMcal Union Ne. tM. "OP* Poultice for cancer above $5 billion. That does not mean an annual deficit in the balance of payments of $20 billion, of course. But it certainly means there is widespread apprehension. One factor that the people who are apprehensive about the dollar are carefully watching is the President's approach to the energy problem. Now that he has merely offered a poultice to treat a cancer, the apprehension will surely become more acute. It will be destabilizing instead of stabilizing. Nor is this surprising. As anyone can see from the probable figures for the first quarter, we are having shocking trouble with our balance of payments already. In the present year, this trouble is due to be. deepened by imports of foreign oil costing the immense sum of $9 billion. By 1975, on the best current projections, this hemorrhage of dollars will rise to $15 billion. On (heir face, these figures hold out the strong possibility of still another sharp devaluation of the dollar. Americans thus far have laken dollar devaluations with striking calm, despite their proved in- flalionary effects. But still another devaluation will not be taken calmly. The inflationary sequel here at home is likely to be instantaneous and dramatic. Having said this much, one must lake note of Ihe opposing factors, which may barely prevent the worst from happening. One factor is the indication in the President's message lhat he means to relax the standards of Ihe Clean Air Act. Doing so will prevent 2 million barrels of oil a day from being imported to replace domestically mined coal. Thai will save foreign oil cosls of $3 billion in 1975, Ihereby culling Dial year's projected cost of imports lo only $12 billion. In many industries, again, Ihe previous devaluations have brought U.S. production cosls lo a level below Kuropcmi production costs. Thus the Michelin Tire Co. of France is investing no less than $300 million -- borrowed from U.S. banks, to be sure -- in a huge new plant in the South. This signifies a new and highly favorable trend. But it remains to be seen whether the new trend can continue in the face of the effect on labor costs of steeply rising fuel prices. In short, it is never wise to predict the future of the balance of payments. One can only note inherent risks, and ask whether it is reasonable to run such risks. That is all that is intended here. But in this same connection, one must also note a minor White House mystery related to the ghastly energy problem. In brief, White House staff member Peter Flanigan was charged with the energy problem until late last year. Because of the peculiar internal politics of the White House, however, Flanigan was then simultaneously relieved of the energy problem and symbolically demoted from his White House quarters to new quarters in Ihe Executive Office Building. That also meant pushing to the periphery the energy expert Flanigan had been using, James Akins of the State Department. Akins is about the only student of the energy problem in Ihe executive branch whose past judgments have slood the test of lime. Nonetheless, a new man was brought in, Ihe economist Charles di Bona. He had lillle previous experience of the energy problem. In addition, di Bona was, and is, committed to solution of Ihe problem by "markel forces" -which really means whacking rises in energy cosls, with dollar devaluation as a possible bonus. This curious shifl in personnel had something lo do wilh Ihe President's recommendalion of a poultice for a cancer. At bottom, however, Ihe President perhaps does not want to admit, just yet, Hint he has another major crisis on his hands. t'opyrl«ht 197,1,1.osAngclmTlmni ^^ "OLl 5AM SPENT HIS WAR JERKING fOPAS IN A FA^IS POST EXCHAN^V. More births, fewer crops Peking worry By ARTHUR MILLER Copley News Service HONG KONG--Much more attention is now being paid by China to the economic implications of its huge and expanding population. The major factor behind this new concern over the population problem is last year's unsatisfactory harvest of grain and other crops and prospects that this year's harvest will be no better, if not worse. Despite a decade of yearly improvements in agricultural production, it took only one year of decreased output to create a whole sweep of economic problems for Peking. And the root of all those problems is China's large population and its continuing high growth rate. The most concrete'expression of the Chinese leadership's worry over the population problem is the preparation now under way for the holding of a National Birth Control Conference. Eiactly when that conference will be held has not been disclosed, nor has Peking even made an official announcement that it is planning such a meeting. But provincial level meetings described as being preparatory sessions for a national conclave have been held in several of China's provinces. Although a birth control and family planning program has been in existence in China for some time, the Chinese authorities apparently are not satisfied with the results so far achieved. Major successes appear to have been scored in the urban areas, where condoms and birth control pills are available from street corner vendors and where abortions are easily arranged. But in the rural areas -- where some 80 to 85 per cent of the Chinese live -Today in history By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Monday, April 23, the 113th day of 1973. There are 252 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this dale in 1838, the first regular transatlantic sleamship service began as the Sirius and Great Western arrived in New York from England. On this dale: In 1564, William Shakespeare was born at Stratford-on-Avon in England. In 1789, President-elect and Mrs. George Washington moved into the first presidential mansion. It was' at the corner of Cherry and Franklin Streets in New York. In 1972, the French national anthem, "La Marseillaise," was written. In 1904, the United Stales acquired the property of Ihe French Panama Canal Co. In 1941, during World War II, King George II of Greece fled lo Ihe island of Crete after German Iroops had broken through the Thermopolae Pass. In 1949, Guv. Adlai E. Slevenson of ' Illinois vetoed a hill requiring thai cats in the slale he kept home. He said it is Ihe nature of cals lo roam a bit. Ten years ago: The Christian Democratic parly in Wesl Germany nominated Ludwig Erhard lo succeed Chancellor Konrad Adenauer as parly leader. Five years ago: A student prolesl lhat grew into a major upheaval began at Columbia University in New York. One year ago: Two Apollo 10 astronauts blasted off from the moon and rejoined Ihe command ship for the journey back In earth. Today's birthdays: Shirley Temple Black is 45. Gen. Lucius I). Clny is 76. Thought for Today: Critics are Ihe men who have failed in lilcraturc and art -- Benjamin Disrncli, British prime minister, 18M-1881, population growth rates remain well above the 2 per cent per annum level. China's leaders have occasionally indicated they were hoping to bring the population growth rate below that level in the early 1970s. They have succeeded in the urban areas. But in the crucial countryside they have not. And the upshot is that more than 15 million people are added to the population each year. Judging by the provincial level birth control and family planning meetings that have been held since the beginning of this year, one of the main reasons for the slower progress in rural districts is that old ideas have been harder to change. The idea that many sons and daughters mean greater happiness and more security in old age prevails. The effort to get young people to postpone marriage until they are at least 25 has met with only limited success. Reports continue to circulate of arranged marriages of youngsters in their late teens and of old people urging them to quickly procreate. Premarital sex is strictly taboo in China. Yet a certain amount of hanky- panky is inevitable, especially when hundreds of thousands of healthy young men and women are being dispatched to the countryside to live and work in close contact. Moreover, there is little in the way of diversion during those long nights on the commune where cultural and entertainment facilities are few and that most effective of all birth control devices - - the electric light bulb--is rare. The economic implications of 15 million new people to feed and clothe each year boggles the mind. But the troubles resulting form the 1972 harvest shortfall provide a hint of the problem. Grain production in 1972 was down at least 4 per cent and perhaps as much as 10 per cent from the record level of the year before. Cotton production also suffered as did that of several important vegetable oil crops. The immediate effect of this, as is well known, was an increase in China's purchase of wheat and corn from abroad. Another effect was a reduction in the grain ration in places like Peking and Canton, and presumably in other parts of the country. Equally important, the inadequate food grain harvest has created problems for the new agricultural approach Peking has been trying to promote. That policy stresses diversification of production by attempting to get farmers to shift some of their land from food grain to industrial crop production. Peking has even raised prices for industrial crops -- especially cotton, jute and vegetable oil plants -- as an incentive to make the switch. The reason for the shift in attitude is that Peking recognizes it must boost incomes of the rural units if they are going to be able to afford greater mechanization, which in turn is essential if China is to keep pace with the food and other demands of its swelling population. At the same time, the industrial crops' are needed to fuel the country's expanding industry and to provide a means of increasing China's world trade. RUSSIAN TRAFf Road deaths climb:: By ALAN DEAN Copley NewsServke "', MOSCOW - As the age of th«":'»uto- mobile reaches the Soviet Unidrl the traffic toll Is zooming. An estimated 40,000 Soviet citizens died in traffic-accidents last year. i.d This may not seem high compare! with figures in several Western.coun- tries, but it is if related to the volume o Soviet traffic. There are only some 6 million vehicles on the road in Russia. Soviet pedestrians are responsible'.fpr almost two-thirds of the nation's tr'iffic accidents, according to official -statistics. And one-third of these happen tie- cause the pedestrian in question Is drunk. And one in three of drivers rp- sponsible for an accident fails to pass;a breath test. · Not so long ago traffic accidents were regarded as a non-event here. Now the authorities have launched a full-scale campaign to keep death off the roads. Adults as well as children are compelled to attend road safety lectures in Moscow and new, stiff fines are handed down to jaywalkers. The problem of the Soviet pedestrian ·"'« one Russian psychologist,!is one wuu»e roots go deep into the social"fabric. Many city dwellers are barely.a generation away from the country, where the horse and cart are still a 'far more familiar sight than a car. Ironically, the average speed of 'all state-owned vehicles last year was. 18 miles per hour, roughly the same speed of horse-drawn troikas from Moscow lo St. Petersburg two centures ago. The explanation for this is the appalling state of the roads and the indiscriminate imposition of speed limits .-sometimes as low as 3 miles per hour -in an effort to stop the growing number of road deaths. A large proportion of Soviet traffic accidents is caused by faulty vehicles. Poor brake systems accounted for over 200 accidents in one month here recently. · Letters to the Tribune The real culprit is inflation not food To The Tribune: What's Ihe real price of food? A hue and cry has been raised over food costs Consumer advocates and others, hoping to attract sympathetic listeners to their . personal causes, have jumped on the band wagon. They blame everything and everyone, particularly the farmer. The real culprit is inflation. Nearly evety other living cosl has gone up and has been for a long time. Why don't the ac- livisls boycott these prices. No one was concerned during the past 20 years.when farm products were loo low, while less and less farmers on fewer and few£r farms kept us well fed jusl by being mnfe and more efficient. 1. The real price of food is nol high! Food is aclually cheaper than it was.bacik when there were no complaints. Ini 1950 Ihe average family spent 30.8 per cent of ils income for food. In 1972 il spent only 17.4 per cent -- nearly one half less! Here's how some prices went up in the last 20 years: Hourly pay of industrial workers, up 129 per cent; health arid recreation cosls, up 75 per cenl; housing, up 63 per cenl; Iransporlalion, up 54 per cent; hospital rooms, up 370 per cent; physicians fees, up 122per cent; all farm cosls, up 109 per cenl; taxes alone, up 2?7 per cenl; farm machinery, up 100 per cenl; Prices paid farmers, up 11 per cent; food at retail, up 46 per cent. .2. You pay for more than food at the store! ' ; When the register rings up the lolal on your bill remember Ihe service you al buy. You gel clean foods, conveniently packaged, partially or totally cooked and available lo you al spacious, clean, woll- lighled stores during very convenient shopping hours. In facl, 60 per ceril of I lie consumers' tood dollar goes for transportation, processing and distribution! The cosl of these services, plus the cosl of hardware, dry goods and drug items thai invariably get mixed in wilh food item's, give a distorted picture of the real cOst bf food, food. 3. The farmer should he appreciated. The American consumer has a greater choice of food quality and quantity, than consumers in other countries, and torn much smaller percentage of his income. America is growing. Incomes are high. Other countries need and are buying our food. This means that demand 'is skyrocketing. The farmer will be hard pressed to meet Ihis demand. We should not support any action or proposed legislation that would hamper him.Wclp him and you help yourself lo plcnfitlil food at reasonable prices. Hurt him Sljd food availability will go down ns tha rtflce goes up. Roland D. Johnson, President Fort Collins Production Credit Association

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