Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico on January 16, 1945 · Page 1
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Las Cruces Sun-News from Las Cruces, New Mexico · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 16, 1945
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MAT SHE FLY OVER TOKYO LasC Jim* ews THE WEATHER Forecast: Know in ni'ithrri; mountains otherwise p a r t l y cloudy tonight and Wednesday. Last 34 Hours: Las Cnices State College llillli Lew 57 35 59 36 Vol. 64--Np. 244 ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE LAS CRUCES. NEW MEtlCO, TUESDAY AFTERNOON JANUARY 16. 1945 ASSOCIATED PRESS PHOTOS PRICE THREE CENTS EISENHOWER RESUMES WINTER OFFENSIV! VAPOR TRAILS MARK DOGFIGHT Vapor trails mark the paths of Allied and enemy fighters engaged in a dogfight. Silhouetted against the action are (left to right) Pfc. William Harris of Evening Shade, Ark., and Roy E. · Ridings of Sarcy, Ark., according to signal corns identification .(AP Wrephoto) By WALLACE 1'ERRY There's more than mere income from crops to consider in the current campaign to Jay a freight- rate groundwork for encouraging the growing of vegetables, L. Stanley Edwards, a vegetable- growing farmer member of the Mesilla Valley Chamber of Commerce's freight rates committee, told C. of C. directors at a conference last night. He asserted that "every cash crop you add to a valley's potential increases the value of its land." ·t * + And he was correct, in my judgment--as correct as the age-, old advice: "Don't put al] y o u r 1 eggs in one basket." * * * It applies to a one-industry town --especially when something goes wrong with the industry and its bable expense, payroll is cut off. It applies to a one-street, or one- highway town--whose business limited to Main street, for t ample, whose one highway Freight Group Assembles Rales Upon 12 Crops The freight rates committee of the Mesilla Valley Chamber Commerce, working with experts of the AM college experiment station, has decided to get carlot schedules on 12 crops to a dozen different markets from as many competitive producing areas as can be reached, Wm. A. Wunsch, the group's chairman, told directors of the C. of C. at a joint meeting last aight. Present to Feright Officials The preliminary work is being done by the experiment station staff---sending out letters to ship- XTS in the various areas sought for comparison--Mr. Wunsch said, and, as soon as this data is assembled, comparisons will be pre- lared for presentation to Santa -Fc Railway Co. freight men, who are expected here for consultation Jan 25. Some responses to questionaires already arc beginning to come in. Until the data is in hand--and analyzed--the committee has no recommendation to make, either as to plan of campaign or its pro- Russians Crack Nazi Lines; Take Prussian Center ·LONDON, Jan. 16 (AP) -Russian troops in a great new offensive have struck forwarc 38 miles in a 75-mile wide breakthrough between Warsaw and the power-drive salient already thrust across southern Poland to within 49 miles of German Silesia and within 21 of Krakow, Premier Marshal Stalin announced tonight. The German high command said Schlossberg, 13 miles inside East Prussia to the north, had fallen to still another So- iet offensive. 48 Generals Lead Drive The newest push, Stalin said in .n order of the day, sprang forward from Vistula river bridge- ;eads at Warka and Pulawy Sun- ay. The Soviet columns joined, capuring: Warka, 28 miles south of Warsaw, Grojec, 15 miles farth northwest, and more than 3,31 other places, including Jedlinsk seven miles north of the Germa bastion of Radom. Forty-three Soviet'generals I the drive, Stalin Bald. It Is unde leadership of Marshal Gregory K Zhukov, who commanded Russia forces which destroyed the Go: j man sixth army at Stalingrad. Russian armies were h-lppiin gaping holes in Nazi defense along 600 miles of front, and ser ously threatening one of the mai rear communication lines of War saw. Admit 'Major Penetrattions* Nazi broadcasts said "majo penetrations" had been made b the Soviets in the Vistula-bit.' triangle north of Warsaw an from the Narew bridgeheads sout: of East Prussia and declarei Premier Marshal Stalin's Winte offensive was intended to be th deciding battle of the war. Marshal Ivan Konev's big firs Ukrainian army, pounding west ward toward Krakow In southern (Continued on page 2) YANKS INVADE LUZON THRU LINGAYEN GULF stitutes a traffic bottleneck. *. + *· One-crop farming has virtually ruined the fertility of many cotton and corn and wheat areas' Mesilla valley farmers have found a way out of that dilemma by shifting to alfalfa every few years-- to a crop, which restores fertility-- and by applying fertilizers. But they haven't found nn answer to Uie problem posed by the growing surpluses in cotton and the possibility that the federal government, sometime, may withdraw cotton subsidies, or parity payments. * * * So, against such a threat--and to find use for the land which, usually, the parity-payment plan requires them to withhold from cotton-- many Mesilla valley farmers are seeking sustitute crops -- and some of them want to t u r n to vegetables. * + + That's where the problem of freight rates and the accompanying problem of marketing come in. * + * I Some vegetable growers-- men who already are in the gaini:- -- we are told, object to the advent of "competitive" growers, cither by cotton farmers shifting to vegetables or incoming farmers buying land for truck farming. They assert a belief that "there'.i not enough market." * * + That's where they're asserts Stanley Edwards, perienced vegetable grower who not only has tried truck crops in this valley but who also has had experience in other Irrigated areas. And his Argument seems sound + + * May Got Other Help In view of the fact that the rate campaign is developing into statewide issue, however--involv- wrong. In the first place., the railroads - before talking lower freight rates- ujmnlly want to be a AS u red (Continued on page 4) ing ail of the important producing: areas in New Mexico--H. J. Schifferle, a member of the committee, suggested t h a t financial cooperation might be sought from chambers of commerce and farmer groups in other areas. All members of the committee except P. W. Cockerill, who was out of town, attended last night's oonference. Other members, besides Messrs. Wunsch. Schlffcrlc and Cockerill, are Chas. L. Knight, L. Stanley Edwards and Jack Gotshall. Tim 12 Crops at Issue The crops on which the commit- te is seeking information first are (Continued on page 2) Three More Yanks Get Theft Terms PARIS. Jan. 16 -- (I -- Three American soldiers were sentenced to long terms at hard labor today on charges of m a k i n g black mar- get profits from the sale of cignr- ets and chocolate bound for the western front. The- convictions brought to 18 the number of enlisted men of the 716th railway battalion convicted of conspiring to steal the rations from front-bound army supplies. T 5 Frederick H. Sehultz. DC- troit. Mich., was sentenced to 40 years; T,5 James J. Cupp. Moline. III., to :J5 years, mid T,5 James T. Roepke, Kcuosha, Wis., to 20 years. The sentences also entailed dis- British Losses Total 1,043,554 " LONDON, Jan. 16 UP) -- British empire casualties from the start of the war in September, 1939, to last Nov. 30 totalled 1,043,554, Prime Minister Churchill told commons today. The United Kingdom suffered the heaviest casualties--635.107 Churchill said listing dominion casualties as: Canada, 78,985; Australia, 34,861; India, 152,597; New Zealand, 34,115; South Africa, 28,943; and other colonies, 28.946. Of-the total, 282,162 were killed, 386,374 were wounded, 294,438 were prisoners, and 80,580 were missing. The total does not include service personnel dying from natural causes, civilian casualties or losses of merchant seamen. honorable discharges and loss of all pay and allowances. B u t , like the others before them, the sentences Think Hirohilo To Flee Japan CHUNGKING, Jan. 16-- (JP) -Some Chungking quarters said today they were convinced that the :ransfer of Emperor Hlrohito and his government to Korea (Chosen) vas being anxiously considered in Tokyo. A suggestion that the Japanese government might be moved to Manchuria was discounted because he average Japanese feels that "Manchukuo" Is not a part of the empire, while Korea is. The army newspaper SAO Tang PDA dcr-larni Premier Kunliikl Koiso and his government would fall soon, because the Japanese position was becoming more serious daily. Key Road Center Falls as Nazis Speed Retreat By JAMES M. LONG PARIS, Jan. 16 (AP) -- General Eisenhower resumed his winter offensive luclny when troops of the British' second army attacked near the M;ins river north of Sittarcl. even as Americans captured Houff.il- ze and reduced the Belgian ulge to a thin shadow of it- Irait Attack Starts \\VII' The British second Jinny s t r u c k liovc Aachen In tho lv.it,.|, ,,p. wndlx exactly a. m o n t h :ift,. r Kji.'a Murshal von HumisliHlt h.-iU stacked lu Bi'lirlilln. d i s r u p t i n g ^LsfinhCHVi'r's pri'SMirc ;ltt:ir'K.s Imrd at the R u h r u m l K u a r :r-- wiaUi. British i n f a n t r y »nd {m\i; t r u c k aflcr n rollinp . i r t i l l r y IviV- pn in thi mists of ,l;iu,i ':m,| ·, ·rwnrd o f f i c e r siiiil M-ark sturtcd well." tin- ^"?. S l. ( '^ Jt : 0p . pict }! re) ', lo ? dediw J ih troops_and supplies, heads for the beach about'the time first waves of assault the found nk pic ture pool) Intense anti-aircraft fire put by American Warships protecting Vice Admiral Daniel E. Uarbcy's invasion armada, drive off attacking Japanese planen trying to altn'-k convoy in Llngaycn G u l f shortly before H-hour. (AP Wlrephuto by Frank Flian, Associated Press Photographer with Wartime Still Picture Pool). f .M. Scions Talk Yew Districting SANTA FE, Jan. 15--WP)-The ouse of representatives produced flurry of debate today over hether to permit a committee to ew progress at the University of ew Mexico and then adjourned ntil Thursday so the solons' ake their visit tomorrow. ould Clovis Police Resign In Protest for Chief CLOVIS. Jan. 18-l.iPi -- Elewn CloviH policemen, nearly the en- lire force, have resinned in protest ngalnat the removal of Chief nre subject to rcvlr.w by a higher i Leonard Plnnix It w«« learned a u t h o r i t y . The defense was unsuccessful In A motion for a plea of Innocence on wounds of Insufficient evidence. t h o r l t a t l v e l y today. Chief Plnnix offered his rc.lljma- lion following the city election Jan 3. aJk Reappolntmcnt Amendment of the constitution provide for a new apportinn- cnt of members of the legisla- re was among several new .sen- e bills introduced. The measure 1 , introduced by nator Claude Gamble, proposed senate consisting of one member om each county, and a house -·'·li- sting of one representative for each 11,000 population or major fraction ;;icrcoi. provided t h a t each county would have al least one representative. Four Xew IIoliHP Hills Four house bills were inlrdourcd. Their sponsors .said t h e y were lc- slgned to: Increase school building maintenance f u n d from $l! u pupil to $3; permit school bonrds to suspend tencher'n certificate when teacher breaks a contract; require labor or trade unions tn publish once nnniinly a copy of their constitution and by-law* "to- r with any rule or regulation relating to or a.'fectlng r\ny -nee. creed or nationality; and a bill to grant reaidcnta over 6fl free limiting and fishing licensed. Shilr I'nNc r Hat tin With moftt lf'K | H 'MlV£ proposals i t l l l In preliminary .staffPS, the .10* rialc and house are ftlr*ndy fnccA {Continued on page 4) ' FLEET RAID RAVAGES PILE UP JAP LOSSES By LEIF EHJCKSON U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Jan. 16 (AP) -- Swinging north from the Indo-China coast where they sank or damaged 69 ships, U. S. third fleet pilots bombed HoVig Kong, Swatow and Amoy along 350 miles of China's coast Saturday for the first full-scale carrier raid of the war on these ports vital to Japan's lifeline. *\VI|)o Out Two Convoy* Aclm. Chester W. Nlmllz gave no details In his communique yesterday of the bold China coast blow, which took the Americana In behind the big Japanese base Gage Is Named Prison Warden SAXTA FE, Jan. lfl~UP)-Tlie appointment of State Public Service Commissioner Howell Gngij of Carlsbad as warden of the a tale. penitentiary .succeeding John B. McMnnus, resigned. wflN announr- ed by Onv. J. J. Dempacy today. "I am very happy to annuohn 1 r. (Inge's a p point men t," Dcnip* 8?y HA id. "lie fia.s roimentcd t ftcrfpt the Joli." Gnge was named to tho $5,000 Jtibllc Hervlrc cammlxsi-.n position I dvMrnyod net spring wheh John K Mt)t« n- I ( l o w n to '"'^-f' 1 " 1111 f°r th,- Thurs- Jil K ned to run for land cnmmlMlon. {1(l ' H t r l h t l » «n(M,aM t., the China T. Ho Is a cattleman, a former sheriff or Eddy county and hcrul of the Male police officers' RB- ao'ctallon. Both Uobt. Vftlfler., of Dona AJna cmmty, nrtd A. i,. Atherton. 'ipw Dcmnoratlc A t n t r chalrmnn, ire laid to tc under con.Mdcrutloii for tho utllltlcfl Job which (Inge U Vacating. of ^Formosa, bombed anew at the same time. However, Nimitz dlfldosed that the venturesome third fleet pilots wank 41 Japanese ships and dainaff- ed 2S In wiping out two convoys off Imlo-Ohinji on ThurMday. Hln p r e l i m i n a r y entiiii;ite of 2, r ) ships, p'nik (ind IS damaged had ported !-lday. Suc.'p I,Ike l-'liM.r Mop j The ovri-all p i c t u r e was t h a t (if an Hudticioiift AmerU-nn carrier forc^ sweeping like u hutfe floor mop from KornKwn, whtre more i than 100 Hhlpji and OS plains were damaged Jan. fl, ·oant on In I he Indo-Chlmt .iwnep tho A liter lean fliern doMtmyed 112 plane* 77 wcrn c a u g h t - o n the ground, «o g r e u f ' w i i s the surprise and dnmngrd about ."iO oUior.i In their weRtermmiM jvnetraMon ot J n p n n ' A inner dpfeii.scH, 1'oiind Key l"f«'llUle« They also henvlly pnundtM key (Oontlnued on pafe 2) Luzon Invaders Roll South for Manila Attack 11} :. VATES Mi'DANIKI, G E N E R A L MAC ARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS mi Luzon. Jan. 16 UPl - . S i x t h n r n i y motorized col- columnH are rolling down a twist- Ing provincial road w l l h i n iis miles -80 miles u i r l i m - of Manila against no more opposition t h a n oiTiisinmil sniper but o l h c r Yank fon-.-.s ;in- in a fool-hy-foot f i g h t w i t h hill-entri'iirhed Japanese on tin? cxtn-iii-. 1 northeast flank (Icft-mllng the v i t a l M a n i l a north road. .1«|)» Adiull Iteverves (Tokyo radio, which is h i n t i n g strongly ( t i n t the Philippines reverses are l e n d i n g up to the .niali-r of Premier K u n i a k i KoLso, quoted an imperial headquarters commu- nique as acknowledging Hint "th enemy is gradually closing in on our forces in (he central plains oi Luzon." I The deep,'st penetration tmvarj M a n i l a reported loday curried On Douglas M i l r A r l h l t r ' . H solllli-Oouni doughboys out of Panglsnnnn in va.led one week ago from Liiiga yen gulf. into Tmlar provinci where t h e y captured the h i g h w a y j u n c t i o n of ramiling. That is an over-all gain of ,'to miles. lilt Stroll-eta Highway KniMi Camiling a lateral road (Continued on page 21 Yank Comes Out Of 'The Brush' Hy I A N N( MKDLEIt WITH U. S. FORCES ON LUZON ,Jnn. Ifi i^I*i A tall, blond American who spent nt'nrly lhr*'e years loading thnii.snndH of nrmcd ['"illppino tfuerrllliis against the Japanese, - n m r out nf tht" Luzon hills today CII^T !« tell about --n- cmy forces, learn ()·,,· welfare »f Jm parents Imrl; home and i*i-t n pair (i! 1 American-made Ahoc.H. Me in Ciipt. Rnhuit Laphain -if Diivenport, In. who began Mis h i t und-rim w r i r f u n - ngnmsl tin- .lap- linear w i t h l!l) :r.en and six nfle». Ho wan a second l i e u t e n a n t .vhen Cen. Pougln* M a i - A r t h u r ordered him to go through t h e enemy lines In February 11H2 to organize guerrilla bands. As his n r i u y grew he promoted hlin.self to major. That left h i m plenty of ranks tn piut» out to FillpplnoH who brought in new gunit and new men. The H trapping six-foot guerrilla leader came through m a n y close 1'dlln unscathed und appeared at CJ.2 hetulriunrlerfl look tug like ft Hnllywoml-Myln cowboy n beaten down gurrlium hnt. long aUle-burna. nntlvo clothra and ,Jnpanf»c nhncn Cxmunuca on page 2) from prisoners ·'.' hopi's l l i i » r !n e into which " h m a k i n g 1:11 t h r e SevinUi Tulics a (Jencral The British railin sai,| the V. K 7th army had n U a r k e d p.nv, T ;u[-i north nf Strnsboiirs; in :i n ,:T,»: : to cniflo u (.Jerm.-in h m l ^ e l u - a i across the UhiiiL'. (ion. llatm Llngncr, rommaiif!- er of the nth SS pun/.er cmia- dkr division, lm s horn raptured by tho 7th army. II was u n _ iioiuinxi tonight ( l e is h,lj,-ve.J to tx* (be first S.S division ,-OMI- inaiidor captured on Hie uesteru front. Slnlement closed the I for the uffensiv sent 20 divisions armies. No Klglit r»r llouffiillzi* H n t l f f n l i z c fell w i t h o i i -i the "hell o.i wii.v's armored division or t h " :'i It.H c a p t u r e iiiiiTmv.-d to I?) miles we.nt of th frontier. Tin- f i r s t and t h i r d ;,. Iween t h e m cN-nnM i h , from n larpo hut !n"^; v north and wc.st of t !)· t'-r, which has hem the t h e Onnaii d e f r i i t l i m - Nlmwd by Hurtling \\r\ el Formal n m i p a l i f M ..,' in fnrce by A n u i n r m i ·,: Hlowed orly b y the J , - i i vvn-ekn^c uf (leriiu.'i whieh e l u t t i T i M (In. i , M , J . the n u t . s k i r t n . Hnml.s of Hi,, stvoii.l 10 p. m hi.sl n : » h l . AP Cn-tv." i» dent T.im Y a t b r n u K l , lej-Tu'-' frniu t h e f i e l d . O t h e r first army unit.-; wen w i t h i n M i x miles ,,f si. \Mli. a K,-' from tiie ( r t - r m a i i f r o n t i e r ,-(n t ( '2', mile.s n o r t h r a s t nf HoiiiTaiize. Smash -l.nst Hope* Unc C(i:n-lnev H. ma;.ii!-ig t h e s t a n d sh- C mi th.. S;i o u t h of Viol P L t . Cen. trnops w t T "la^l hup,' Sii-gfru-d I m t r l h a n d Tti the t;n)rge S. a r m y had stabbed tv.u t h e 'U-niian bonier in ;i the MnsHI.- valley tn »ni| a liulf miles nf Tn A l t h . ^ t t h e r , Ule f i r s t ·(even place.s yeMenla ·J«"liic lnsl»nc.-.s ( i n l y ii . - t u p Probably the lar- -st wns the road j u n c t i o n of S a i m e h a t e n u an,I t.s adjacent v|la K l . i; tv h. i,i i : ,. iiilea wo.st of St. Vitli. Slpinhar'tf. Henumont ami I'on; to the n o r t h - .'/e.st of St. V i t h weie I n k ^ i i . A c h o u f f e 1111,1 M n n t . i m n i f t l i . i t L - l y northwest of H o i i f l ' a ' i ; The f l r n t a r m y m,. .toners in the 24 lirai MfiJ. Cen. Km eeond arnion'd . own t)ie main ;U { S'l'U t i n - i i i ' i t h mtt-red ·avy m i n e f i e l d s n:u| i In-e ilffi-n.se unU he hn.iily irsl t h n . t i ^ h t,. t l v t . i \ M i . Temp*tr;tture.s t li-.ie l,i -/,,-]!) .-n\l l n u e d . l i n t there wa.-i 11 i i u l u .(ho;i of f n i t h e r s n o w f u l l t.ul.'iy. rultnit UrtuniH ID (irnniiny ration's third n r m y t t r i v e down the Mo.soUe vtilley .swt'pt i;p f i v e border towns \t\ 4S h u u r n urn! pont'd u potent In! threat to the SieR- frteti line bastion of Trier ami to the whole southern ahmiMer of tlio MeljjlHii bump. There was no indii'atiiMi t h a t th« i tabu I n t o OrrTiiiiny were more than n probing advunee. A battalion of C i i - m a n counterattacked ftt , \\\rv (Continued on p.igo 2)

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