Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on October 23, 1969 · Page 4
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 4

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Thursday, October 23, 1969
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Page 4 GRKEI.EY TRIBUNE Thurs., Oct. 23, 1969 Tribune Editorial Page Opinion - Analysis - Interpretation Pause and Ponder Even Ihe youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall. -- Isaili 40:30 An Angered Chicano A Chicano passing the Courlhouse Monday v asked to join tlie pickets--members of the United Mexican-American Students from colleges and universit ies in the area--in support of the residents at the Fort Luplon migrant labor camp. Being a worker with no time for picketing and as he said, having no desire to become involved, he ignored the taunts of the pickets and went on his way Later the man telephoned the Tribune. From the sound of his voice, it was obvious that he was upset not because of the incident which occurred as he passed the Courthouse but because of one which had taker place a few minutes later in a nearby store. This, in effect, is what the telephone caller said: A woman angered by the picketing had vente' her wrath on him, apparently thinking lie was associated with the pickets. She chided the migrants. Thej are already getting help, she said, and yet they want more. They're expecting too much, she told the Chicano. The remarks made him angry also. I'm a working man with a wife and n family to support, he explained. I have no time for picketing, and, besides, I had no interest in taking sides in the demonstration that was going on at the Courthouse. I'm a property owner, the Chicano continued, and like other taxpayers, I sometimes think that perhaps there is too much welfare. The woman forgot, however, that although I wasn't involved, she was talking about my people--and migrants nre people, he added. I'm human, too, he said, so when she began "jumping all over me" and the Chicanes, I got mad. One point of the man's story, of course, wr.s Hint the acts of a group of Chk'anos which cause disapproval cannot be laid at the doorsteps of all Chicanos. Some of them, he said, do not want to become involved in protests or demonstrations. The point about which the Chicano was greatly concerned, however, was that minority people who do want to become involved sometimes find themselves forced into Inking sides by instances such as the one he had experienced. Wise Decision It was a difficult decision that led In the federal jyovernment's announced ban on use of the artificial sweetener, cyclamate, except in a few cases of special dietary need. This substance is the basis of a large industry, including production of numerous low-caloric soft drinks. The harmful impact on this industry had to be weighed against inconclusive evidence that cycla- inatr- may pose serious health dangers. The decision was a tough one precisely because there i? as yet little firm indication that this sweetener may lead to cancer. Thus far, only animal experiments support such a conclusion. The manufacturers can rijrhtly say that no direct connection between cyclamate and human disease has yet been shown. Despite this. Secretary Finch of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare decided wisely to place restrictions on cyclamato use until more is known about its effects on people. It should also be noted that the law requires that any substance proved to have caused cancer in animals be withdrawn from the list of government-approved compounds. Evidence pointing to possible harmful effects of cyclamate lias been accumulating for some time. About! a year ago a federal scientist learned that a breakdown product of this artificial sweetener impairs genetic material in arts. Not long ago another government scientist linked birth defects in chicks to injection of cyclamate into eggs. The thing that, tipped the balance for the cyclamate ban wns the report, of an independent laboratory that bladder cancer was produced in rats by large doses of (be substance over a long period of time. This is a far cry from showing any definite link between cyclamale use and human cancer. The ban is a sensible precaution, however. It should be continued as long as there is serious question about the effect on human beings. SCRAM-UTS ANSWERS Pounce - Balmy - Bloom - Falter - BROOM A scientist claims that " y°V r ^ d nnV TMi?rf P 7eh z bale of straw, you would get a BROOM with eight handles. I"-* 5 U.S. Merchant Marine: A Deteriorating Fleet By WILLIAM J. WAUGH Aswcitttd Prtts Writtr WASHINGTON AP) - Since World War II (lie U.S. merchant fleet lias boon deteriorating and today 90 per cent of imported raw materials arrive in Amenca aboard foreign ships. The situation is so serious that Ihe new· chairman of thC'U.S. Maritime Commission, Helen D. Bentley, says it Ls necessary to act now "before our own stupidity and the Russians bury us at sea." In a Washington speech, Mrs. Benlley said the Russians speak 'of the foreign ports they enter and boast of Hie fact thai their seamen serve as ambassadors lo Hie people of oilier countries, cementing friendship for Kussia and advancing the Communist view among Ihe people of foreign lands ..." 30 Per Cent The Nixon Administration has indicated it wants at least 30 per cent of the nation's overseas :rade handled on American ships by the mid-1970s. The AFL-CIO at its 1909 convention in Atlantic City went even further, passing a resolution saying: : "We must aggressively seek a declaration by the administration and Congress that at r jeasl 50 per cent of our foreign'trade should-be carried in American bottoms." Immediately after World War II, American flag ships carried 57.C per cent of U.S. foreign trade. By 1908 the figure had dropped to 0.4 .per cent. The United States now ranks sixth in Ihe number of cargo ships and fifth in cargo capacity. Insofar as raw materials are 99.98. As of last Aug. 1, the privately operated fleet--scheduled liners unions say this hasn't workec almost entirely an importer. Television sels, yard chairs, stoves, automobiles--almost every item around an American home represents the use of raw materials brought to this country by ships. The list of most import items is long and impressive. A few and tlie amount ol import in relation to use: bauxite for aluminum, 87 per cent; columbile-lan- talite used in aerospace and nuclear, activity, 100; chromite for ammunition and jet engines, 100; beryl for sparkplugs, 89; manganese, 99; rubber, 100; tin, is under the "effective control' and the so-called "tramp" steamers--amounted to 995 vessels. These included 25 freight- ticularly reflected in wartime passcnger;6SS freighters and 274 tankers. And the fleet is old. Seventy per cent of the freighters, 90 per cannot keep up with the nation's cent of the bulk carriers and 50 per cent of the tankers are more than 20 years old. They are expensive to operate and main- strength to shrink, the Soviet tain. The United States does have a concerned, the United States is massive reserve mothball fleet that one maritime official esti- so-called runaway fleet--the sels. more than 400 American-owned vessels sailing under foreign flags. U.S. ship owners register their vessels in other countries where taxes are lower, crews come cheaper and maintenance costs are down. The runaway fleet supposedly of the United States in an emergency, but the seagoing labor fuel, crew and supplies that a the fisheries. during the Vietnam war. The shortage problem is par- The United States learned in both Korea and Vietnam thai the military shipping service needs. But while the United States has a l l o w e d its maritime Union has taken an opposite ourse. Spurred by a ship shortage of 930 ships. But these are so old during the 1962 Cuban crisis. Russia has been building mer- mates that within two or three chantmen at the rate of a mil- years only 135 to 150 will be effective. The figures do not include the lion deadweight tons a year anc today ranks only behind Greal Britain and Japan in cargo ves- Here is how the major maritime nations line up by Ships and Deadweight Tons (millions): United Kingdom 1840, 29.917; Japan 1776, 29.220; USSR 1634, 11.9; Liberia 1613, 45.145; Norway 1308, 30.593; United States 967, 15.346. From the Rostrum Agnew Becoming Nixon's 'Slugger The Greeley Daily Tribune and The Greeley Republican EXECUTIVE STAFF MIMWF.P 11ANSKN . .. I'uh'.isher I.FXI ;. KOKNK; nnine»i Mar, JAKF: K.STIHCK JR.- .('ire. Mir. r-.;I.H't.e.i E \ r r y Wool- U"y K. mini l.y Ih,- Tril,'H.e-llir."b]l-»n I'nMi-hint Co. of.'ire. 7 U Kiulilli St., 'Irce.o'. (-010. Ix» Sei-ond rlasi por.URfc I'sld lit (!r Colorado. Mimber AMocittcd PresJ, The Ani-clcs I^mn-Wublntuu Post N«wi Senice. Colorado J'rrwi Association,] i n l a n d O.-iily Trrs Associhted. Autlitj j,yj|)L]C F O R U M : Public forum let- . ...Kclito- ,.Adv. Mitr. _.. Supt, ROIIKRT Wini.UND .. . A. I.. ]'ETEUSi:N . . CI.AHK I AGE die eupy prio« ihcriptior price--Hy n o 1 y s u r Jl'».0tl, c r one month 11.50. lly mail ouui.le Colorado. 1 ye-ir JlS.Ofi, one mon tl.SO- Korelzn countries JS.f.O t month. City c«rripr, 1.10 month. By ROBERT J. DONOVAN The Los Angeles Times WASHINGTON -- With President Nixon's blessing Vice Pres- dent Spiro T. Agnew is step- ling into the role of political ilugger for the administration usl as Nixon, as vice president, was political cannoneer or the late Prcsident.DwiRlit D. iisenliower. As Vice President, Nixon's bombardment of the Democrats cached a crescendo in the 1954 'ongressiona! elections. Just be- ore election day, for example, 10 charged that "95 per cent f Hie 6,925 communists, fellow ravelers, sex perverts, people vilh criminal records, dope ad- icls, drunks and other security isks removed under the Eiscn- ower security program" had eon hired under former Presi- enl Harry S. Truman. Now, with the 1970 congres- ional elections campaign only year away, Agnew's political tlnerary is gathering inomcn- um. His office said his specch- s would multiply as the elec- ion approaches. Moratorium Speech On the eve of the Vietnam nobilization,' last week Nixon assigned the Vice President Ihe task of challenging the leaders of the anti-war protest to repudiate a statement by Hanoi-a maneuver widely interpreted as an attempt to discredit the moratorium in advance. In recent appearances also the Vice President, without objection from the President, has made such comments as: "Do vou want lo excuse cam- pus violence just because some self-appointed leader pronounces it 'justified,? Should the estab- Spiro Agnew lishments of this country -- industrial, business, educational and governmental -- cringe and wring their hands before a small group of misfits seeking to dis- :rcdit a free system because they canlt' effectively compete and find success anywhere? "I find'it hard to believe that ihe way to run the world has oeen revealed to a minority of pushy youngsters and middle- aged malcontents." (Dallas, Oct. 9) . "A spirit of national masochism prevails, encouraged by an effete corps of impudent snobs who characterize them- selves as intellectuals . . . the previous one -- of clasping the recent Vietnam moratorium is a reflection of the confusion that exists in America loday . . . if the moratorium had any use whatever,'it served as an emotional purgative for those who feel the need to cleanse themselves of their lack of ability to offer a constructive solution to the problem." (New Orleans on Sunday) Haynsworth Cast "I do think anyone who examines the facts.of the Haynsworth controversy (the fight over confirmation of Judge Clement F. Haynsworth Jr. as associate justice of the Supreme Court) would have to characterize it as a tempesl in a teapot." (ABC's Issues and Answers" program, Oct. 5.) Agnew's altack on tlie "impudent snobs" aroused the kind of tart response Monday thai Ihe President used lo know in liis vice presidenlial days when Democrats accused him of taking the "low road" while President Eisenhower walked the "high road." Rep. Andrew. Jacobs Jr. (D- Ind.) called the New Orleans speech an ' "intemperate outburst" Carol Lipman, executive secretary of the Studenl Mobilization Committee lo End (he War in Vietnam said it was 'an insull lo every thinking American." "It gave the impression," said Sen. J. William Fulbright (D-Ark.), chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, "that this administration is accepting the same role as the war to their bosom and making it their own." Strong Feeling Sen. Edmund S. Muskie (D- Maine termed Ihe speech "a disservice to the country and the President." Obviously, Agnew felt strongly about the moratorium. The New Orleans speech as first drafted by his speech-writer, Mrs. Syn- Ihia Rosenwald, well-lo-do Baltimore housewife, who had originally worked for Agnew as a campaign volunteer, referred to the moratorium in mild terms. Then the Vice President rewrote Hie draft, loading it with expressions like "national masochism" and "impudent snobs." As his press secretary, Ber- hert L. Thompson, explained Monday, there is not always a clear line between Agnew's personal views and (he official administration view. Still, Thompson noted, the Vice President does not make a practice of leaving an unexpected bombshell on Ihe President's doorstep in the form of a speech that Nixon has not seen in advance, as was the case -with Ihe one about the "snobs." "They know each other pretty well," Thompson said. The President does not require Agriew to clear his speeches with the White House before delivery, though this latilude might be altered if the vice presidential speeches become much more controversial. The White House declined to comment on the New Orleans speech. Foreign Policy in Sharp Focus By DAVID S. BRODER The Washington Post CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- The problem of conducting foreign relations in a democratic country -- a problem which has occupied scholars of American society at least since tlie time of De Tocqueville -- has been brought inlo sharp focus again by the controversy over Pres- idenl Nixon's response lo Ihe Vietnam moratorium. In telling Ihe students that "history would rightly condemn" a president who jeopardized what he considered national interests in order to satisfy tlie demands of a group of demonstrators, N i x o n lias brought down un himself (he charge that he is willfully ignoring tlie mandate of public opinion. Yet the view he asserted is one that any responsible official would have to take and one that had been defended by virtually every serious student of foreign policy leadership. Even Dr. Hands Morgenthau of Hie University of Chicago, who lent his considerable prestige lo the moratorium, wrote in his classic "politics among nations" that a prudent chief of government should "recognize that the conflict between the requirements of good foreign policy and the preferences of public opinion is in tlie nature of tilings and lhat it can perhaps be narrowed, but it can never be bridged, by concessions lo domestic opposition." Nixon's stand was little more than a paraphrase of Morgen- Today in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.planes Today is Thursday, Oct. 23,! UO mbed the 296th day of 1969. There are' 69 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On his date in 1776, Gen. George Washington's troops flown from Florida Havana, killing two persons and wounding 45. Five years ago -- Zambia became Africa's 36th independent country. One year ago -- Nine Cuban withdrew from the island of nationalists were arrested and Manhattan during the Kevolu-lcharged with a series of bombings of foreign consulates and ionary War. On this date: In 1684, the charter of the Massachusetts Colony was an- nuled. In 1883, Chileans evacuated Lima, Peru. In 1904, a Russian fleet fired on .1 British fishing Heel in Ihe tourist offices in New York. _ iociwar. North Sea. The act almost led toj n t h i Oolu- SS.OO. Purcuu of C Tki A H a r t k !,» Ar.R-! In 1015, 25.000 women demanding voting rights demonstrated in New York. In ID42, Hrillsh troops under Gen. B e r n a r d Montgomery launched a big offensive against Axis forces at El Alamcin in ,.,., ..nut be no loncer ih.n so »o r d..'Egypt. The Germans were sent ''T' ''!,?''"(? o"«ii' : ' rr "' ·' cn " U1 " 1 - ""'·" "* P""*! " i!h inlo headlong retreat. ''",{""" ir'. cll tM° net*.1 """'- I In 1917, a forest fire deflroyed " "" A P """ ·"'·· I much of the resort town of Bar ruiction. thf t h e I.fued !ft The Trib- i i n t - l l e p i i h l i c n n Pllh- l i . h i n v t'o. hy fireeler l M ' ~ - n p h i r » l rr.iir, Harbor, Maine. Ten years ago -- Cuban Premier Fidel Castro charaed t h a t : » - j 1969 MeNluf U SyM4Jtl Inc. 6*VnTI| Vietnam must be remedied -and improvements there certainly can be made. But we must recognize thai such changes can, as Morgen- thau said, "narrow but never bridge" Ihe gap belween public opinion and wise foreign policy. The endemic faults of democracy which de Tocqueville said would impair Hie United Stales' capacity to play international politics have been all loo abundantly demonstrated in the postwar period. One shudders with recognition .when he reads in de Tocqueville, "a democracy can only with great difficulty regulate the details of an important undertaking. Perservere in a fixed design and. work out its execution in spile of serious obstacles. It cannot combine its measures with secrecy or await their consequences with patience . . . " The point is this: An unpopular policy -- such as that we have followed in Vietnam -- is not necessarily wise. But a wise policy in Vietnam or anywhere else is not necessarily going to be popular. And a president who is in tlie process of changing national policy should be encouraged to do what he thinks wise, rather than pressured to do what may be judged popular. LOS ANGELES (AP) - The City Council, apparently unimpressed by a plea that topless and bottomless entertainers help relieve the tensions in society, has voted 9-1 to ban them from Los Angeles bars and nightclubs. The balloting Monday was P. preliminary move involving approval of a committee report and directing the city attorney to draft ordinances to cover the situation. Space engineer James E. Nassar, who said he had A "keen interest" in sociology, argued unsuccessfully that for "apprecia- -------- live nie.i" to see naked women alternatives in Vietnam which ldancin g js " ne | pm i j n helping the public had a right to ex-| presc rve the fiber of society." pcct. I Councilman Edmund D. Eriel- man, who cast the nay vote, said he believed such ordinances would be declared un- thau's judgement that while government should "be willing to compromise with public opinion on nonessentials, it must fight, even al Ihe risk of ils own fortunes, for what it regards to be the irreducible minimum of good foreign policy." To assert thai the President is right in basing his policy on his own judgement of the national interest is not, of course, equivalent to asserting that his judgmenl is righl. There are many grounds for honest debale on the merits and demerits of his policy in Vietnam. But it is difficult to understand how that debate is particularly advanced by the assembling of 100,000 people in the Boston common to chant in unison, "Peace now. Peace now. Peace now." And it is difficult to understand how the needed debate can proceed as long as the opposition camp is dominated by those who assert that their influence on policy-making should be proportional to their ability to turn out a crowd. The problem that must concern responsiblt men in government is how to keep such issues as Vittnam from being settled in tht streets. Clearly, the instruments of democratic decision-making did not work very well on the Vietnam issue. A series of presidents accepted or ratified decisions on intervention in that country without personal or public understanding of the costs and consequences of those de- isions. The Congress -- and notably the Senate Foreign Relations Committee -- waited far too long to begin critical scrutiny of the emerging policy, and the electoral and party system failed at least in the general elections of 196-t and 1968, to produce the clear discussion of the If there art to b« "no more Viemams" In tfw futur», tht fiilings of tht politkril-gov- trnmental system that led to constitutional. Deadweight tons is the cover foreign 'trade,' shlpbulld- amount in long tons of cargo, ship can carry. Can the .United .States over- pme its shipping shortage? A spokesman for the Ship Building Council of America says yes. He said there are 25 yards that could build general ships; including five or six capable of ocean-going vessels to - c a r r y handling the 250,000-ton vessels planned to carry oil from the new Alaska fields. A major problem in revitalizing the U.S. maritime industry is expense. Tlie cost of building ships in the .United States is high. As an example, a ship costing ?10 million in Japan probably would run $20 million in this country. Al the present lime Ihe U.S. government has a shipping subsidy but only 14 scheduled liners share it. The subsidy, totaling about $300 million a year, falls in Iwo categories--operational and construction. Under the operational subsidy, the government picks up the U.S. wages and those paid cheaper foreign crews. The con- slruclion subsidy permits the ships flying the hammer-and government to pay up to 55 per cent of the cost of a vessel. New Area Challenge While there is a difference of opinion on how the United States should revitalize its posi- lion, marilime forces say Ihere should be an overall program to ing, the inland waterways and The challenge is.also found in a new area of shipping. According to Paul Hall, SIU president, the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959 ' "made the Great Lakes the fourth seacoast of the United States, enabling their cargoes from the Atlantic Ocean into the heartland of the American continent ..." The volume of trade is underscored by the fact, Hall said, (hal "more Ions of cargo pass tlu-ough the locks at SaulbSt. Marie each year than Iransit Ihe Panama Canal" and the seaway is closed about four months a year because of ice. The American Greal Lakes fleet is very over age, Aboul 45 per cenl of Ihe fleet was built before 1915 and, Hall noted, "not a single new U.S. flag vessel has joined our Lakes fleet since 1961." And he concluded: 'The Russian m a r i tab for the difference between threat, so manifest on the high seas, is no less serious along our fourth seacoast. This pasl year, sickle made 19 trips through Ihe St. Lawrence Seaway carrying ocean going import-export car- 50- into the Great Lakes. And the United States.,flag fleet made the same number of trips --19. Of this number only 14 were commercial trips." So This Is Greeley By Jim Briggs "TEMPERANCE AND SOBRIETY" - Guess what hap pened 99 years ago today right here in little ol' Greeley town. Greeley's first saloon burned to the ground, and I'll bet you never knew there ever was a saloon in Greeley. Well Ihere was, although it was short-lived. I stopped by John W. Henderson's law office Tuesday afternoon and the learned gentleman was chuckling over some photostats he held in his hand, and unraveled the slory of the saloon-burning event. * * * HISTORY LESSON - First, Lawyer Henderson filled me in on some history of the Union Colony. In 1869, at the Cooper Institute in New York City a group of people announced they were going to move westward and set up a colony and one of the basic ideas was it would be founded on "Temperance and Sobriety." In 1870, the founding fathers of what now is Greeley began coming hero via the Union Pacific Railroad as far as Cheyenne, Wyo., and then moved southward about 50 miles to set up the Union Colony, Lawyer Henderson related. * * * OCTOBER 23, 1870 - A fellow by the' name of Fritz Niemeyer of Evans, thought he could start a saloon in Greeley despite the idea of "Temperance and Sobriety," and built a log cabin and slocked it with Hie assorted liquors available, and declared he was "open for business." -· On Sunday, October 23, 1870, afler church, a group of (he Union Colony inhabitants decided to "go over there and try to argue with Niemeyer to move out." While the argument ensued, smoke was seen coming out of Niemeyer's unwanted establishment -- and it burned to the ground. * * * WARRANTS SWORN OUT - "Well," said Lawyer Henderson, "Fritz swore out a warrant for Ihe arrest of William R. Morcross, my grandfather, and also Ihe great grandfalher of Gale McArlhur, the Caddy dealer, and grandfather of Warrick Norcross, of Warnoco Park. "However, the warrant didn't name my grandfather," Lawyer Henderson said, as he produced the photostal of Ihe warrant, which read: , . A man whose name is unknown. Medium size, dark hair and whiskers. Said man did burn or set fire lo one building and did otherwise incite lo riot." "A warrant also was issued for Ihe arrest of Ralph Meeker, son of Nathan Meeker," Lawyer Henderson continued, "but he skipped out and went back to New York." * * # ''RED ROOSTER OF THE ROCKIES" - Anyhow, Lawyer Henderson said Norcross was put on trial in Evans on Dec. 15, 1870, in the First Judicial District in Evans, then the County Seat of Weld County. Norcross was defended by Judge James Belford, a former U. S. Congressman, whose flaming red hair earned him the title of the "Red Rooster of tht Rockies." (Judge Belford was the father of Frances (Pinky) Wayne, probably one of the greatest women reporters of all time for the Denver Post, who scoop, ed the Rocky Mountain News more times than they care to remember.) : The jury of 12 men, tried and true, freed Norcross. * + * THE "THINK BREAK" -- Out in our neighborhood where ,ve don't much care what other people do as long as they eave us alone, we were intrigued with Ihe possibililies of a :op British psychologist's suggestion lhat industry should adopt 10-minute "think breaks," a sort of factory-wide trance, as a means of coping with modern life. Dr. George Hall believes workers as well as executives are plunging into new techniques without really understanding them. The aim is to weed out such emolions as jealousy, rage, self-pity and needless worry. "All loo many people do nol really understand their job jecause the pace of modern life does not give them time to get to grips with it," the good doctor says. The idea is lhat all work would slop for 10 minutes' and everyone from managemenf on down would stop and ponder on the job, how to improve it and be happy about it. ': Those using it for a chat, a cigarette or a cup of coffee would be destroying the purpose. And can you imagine how -.itlle Kathy Honstein over at Hesled's; Woody's Cafe, Jonesey's and proprietors of other coffee filling stations around town would howl if the "think break" would take the place of the jopular "coffee breaks" presently enjoysd by workers around own? Personally, I think it's a great idea, and there will now e a 10-minute "think break" while I think up Ihe next Hem 'rom loday's offering. * * · LUCY CALLS -- Well, thai was a short "Think Break," 'cause Lucy called and interuptcd my reverie, bless her heart, to tell about the time she was walking down the street with her liltie first-grader, and they passed another little boy. Lucy's offspring greeted him with "Hi, Paul." As they continued along, Lucy asked what th« other hoy's last name was. "It's Paul Sitdown," he replied. "At least thafi j what the teacher calls him."

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