Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on March 9, 1976 · Page 82
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 82

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Greeley, Colorado
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Tuesday, March 9, 1976
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_TMgfctJJV (Cob.) TRIBUNE T.e^ M.r. 9.1976 Formers fought Revolution to see who'd 'own this farm' OllCe the *mhtH#ri Kav* cnmmwl »n ttW tmiuu.t*_t Tn tcii . _ . . u t : L . _ i . . - u . _ . i ^ i i . . .. . . . . . Those words bv Ralnh W.IA, inose words by Ralph Waldo "Here once the embattled hive summed up the important farmers stood, CIUK of the Revolution: he Mid "And fired the shot heard he was headed (or bottle to "see round the world." who's goin' to own __. While agriculture m been one of the in., causes of the Revolution, it had not immigrated to the New World as most of the colonial farmers had. For Indians had been successfully farming the lands of the grant college system, still the investment in farms, livestock Americans eat better and spend for food than the citizens of any ..., nd .nuiTM-,! h,. !TM....^i a smaller share of their wages other nation. men who chose to fight for the independence of the 13 colonies were farmers by choice and soldiers by necessity. Of the 56 signers of the Declaration of Independence, 14 were farmers. The document was drafted by a 33-year-old Virginia planter named Thomas Jefferson; the Continental Army was commanded In 1613, an unlikely ample time to shape ._..,,,, agricultural item, tobacco, equipment they needed. backl»ne"""of'"a"gricuTtur«l ""d equipment has 'increased became the New World's first The Revolutionary War research in the country. The act drastically, although the cash export crop. But although halted the export of rice and provided a grant of 30 000 acres number of farms has continued successful, the crop required indigo in the south and efforts of land for each senator and to decline. In 1940, the farmer endless hours of painstaking were quickly directed to the representative in Congress invested «52 billion on 6 million labor and led to the first pur- development of a new crop - -The Pacific Railroad Acts farm s. while 1384 billion was cotton. But the crop never of 1862 and 1894, which linked invested '- '«*· -- --··· " chase of slaves in 1619. was considered legal tender in j .~ -o ..n, . H ,, ua vi many areas and the prices of the American continent for at goods and even salaries were least 6,500 years before the first expressed in terms of pounds of colonist arrived here. It is ' ' ~ known that European farming methods failed until friendly TMm»i. oui ure crop never of 1862 and 1884, which linked ln «»"o in 1973 on only 3 The crop became the most replaced the prosperity once the West and provided easy mlilion fa TM»- Important in the colonies. It provided by the rice and indigo Immigration of homesteaders Toda r ' s American farmer exports. Profits dwindled and Later, in 1882, the U.S. ' eeds himself, 45 other , , .. , many thought slave labor would Department of Agriculture was Americans and eight «nd. established and in 1887 the foreigners. Agriculture is the expresses! in rerms ot pounds of The invention of the cotton Hatch Act improved the flow of nation ' s bi «8"' and "ost basic tobacco. Great prof,I, were to gin by Eli Whitney in 1793 information from ft e usb7 to industry. It feeds the nation and be^demcstlyastheresultof t urne d the tide and cotton the land grant college, and to Prides raw materials to most the toil of the. slaves. restored the ros - i n d u r of the rough, ragged troops who weathered the hardships at professional British troops, were farmers who decided to drop their hoes and take up At the time the Declaration was signed, nine out of every 10 colonial Americans earned their livelihoods by farming. While time has proven many of the political ideals set down in the Declaration, the practical the toil of the. slaves. restored the prosperity to"the' t'h'e w'orking'farmer""" """ " Industrie.. e coiomst now Then, in 1094, another cash southern colonies. Cotton As agricultural eyes turned Andbccauseof the industry's p6tikemaize, crop was added to the colonial production increased eight-fold westward, three inventions u n p a r a l l e l e d s u c c e s s , beans and squash. economy by accident. A ship in the ten years after the gin', aided in th development "h «==i After the discovery of the was forced into port at invention. new far m land,. Baroed wire The late-1790s also saw the provided for the first time the invention of the moldboard construction of "enforceable" plow by the author of the borders on prairie farm land Declaration of Independence, The portable windmill, turned Thomas Jefferson. It was said by prairie winds, provided to have been the first im- water from deep wells. And a 're ncrcr Iniiili'd irilli ow tuul iirrinr, von Y For Hunting and Target Supplies call Ken White 454-2163 New World, the British crown was forced into port at Charleston during a raging Valley Forge, crossed the icy claimed all of the lands in the storm, her holds full of seed Delaware River, and fought continent north of Mexico and rice. subsequently handed them over to friends. But it was soon discovered The crop flourished in the southern colonies and exports of more than 65 million pounds someone else as he would for days in the rice paddles brought himself and the lands were more slaves to the colonies. finally sold. Soon, agriculture Indigo, also at the cost of became more successful and slave labor, rapidly grew as a the new developments in the chief export item for the ... p..*..*TM colonies became less dependent southern colonies. A slow, soft cut 60 acres on niw Inlv of .a-i,, n , n i. A a." . aim of many patriots at the on the mother country for life developed for sou hern umioonlnmi withhi.reLr " r 'V rUCte and ° ther sleam OI time was to attain an American survival. farmers while nnril,.TM.,.* M "?' Wltn nis Reaper, gasoline powered equipment. agricultural system unfettered As more of the land was bTme se^lL" 0 "" ^l.!""^J"? 1 "" 5 : . Action was so great that by governmental oppression, cleared, the colonial farmer Because the more profitable For in 1776, British law dipped found that European grains like cargoes were found in !hc deeply into the colonial far- wheat, rye and oats could be south, northern farmers were mers' pocketbooks, while grown. Agriculture was still in forced to make their own tools depriving them of trade op- its very primitive stages and household goods, since the all industries in "the naUon lhTM,«h ih. «T"i"ii. j^X",: nations other T"- M ° uiput ws umiias merchhant swps preferred "»«-° *»",, ih n 0 " 8 " 9h r riyu r r than England. and corn continued to be the southern ports. Winters - - · - · · · - ' aer One colonial farmer may mainstay of the colonies. provided the northencrs with The next half-century saw the By 1800, nearly all of the advent of m.any more horse-drawn implements had agricultural inventions. A man been developed. Then a new could harvest two acres of grain machine, the tractor, came a day before Cyrus McCormick onto the scene along with the cut 60 acres on one July at- early trucks and other steam or lernoon in 1831 with his reaper, gasoline powered equipment. Mowers, binders, planters, Production was so great that cultivators, improved steel by 1920 more than 13 million plows and threshers were soon acres of land were taken out of hitched behind the farmer's production. Still, over- new basic tool - the horse. production threatened the During the mid-18005, nearly farmer's financial status the Potatoes used for feed Due to the low price of potatoes In late 1«23, Weld farmers ground the crop into silage and fed it to cattle. "As a result," an extension service report from that year read, "many agriculture and farmers con- Agricultural Adjustment Act tmued to rely more on virgin farmers were paid to plow land than on crop rotation, under a quarter of their crops fertilization and cultivation yet increased yields continued techniques. to cewe over-production. By And agricultural differences late 1934 and early 1935, with during those "golden years" more than 30 million acres out were a major cause of the of production, prices for farm nation's first major internal goods finally began to rise But lest - the Civil War. financial difficulties and the At the start of the war, cotton Dust Bowl would continue to was king. It accounted for more plague American agriculture than 600 per cent of the nation's until World War II. total export. And it may have After the bottom fell out of the been, in part, due to the South's markets in the late 1920s emphasis on cotton production millions of acres of land in 100 that led to its ultimate defeat, midwestern counties were left The South's faith In cotton led idle. Then, after nearly four to secession because many Southerners believed English and French dependence on the crop would muse them to intervene and force the Union to reported in May, 1934, blocking recognize the Confederacy. the sun, and dropping visibility But as the South continued to to zero. More than 300 million produce cotton, its armies years of drought, a great dust storm howled over nearly so million acres of virtual desert. The "Ehck Blfaard" was WE BELIEVE-that Americans deserve quality furniture, at reasonable prices. Accept the challenge and finish our fine hardwood pieces to fit your own taste. UNPAINTED FURNITURE OUTLET 908V2 8th Avtnu* 353-6290 ., .. ~ : ~~ H'uuuti; couon, us armies Ions of lopsoll were scattered thousand bushels of potatoes were fed, which suffered from insufficient food over the East it was estimated otherwise would have been a total loss or supplies or unwholesome And dust from the plains of the would have been dumped on the already foodstuffs. And in Europe, crop Midwest reportedly settled on glutted marked. failures led the English and the ships 300 miles at sea in the French to side with the Union to Atlantic Ocean avoid famine. B ut as a result of the ex- As the war continued, the perience of the Dust Bowl production of farm equipment Congress passed the Soil in the North accelerated as Conservation Act in 1936 and northern farmers produced contour plowing, strip planting more than 200 million bushels of windbreak plantings and other wheat - more than the nation's soil conservation methods have lnt«I output in 1860. Meanwhile, gradually revival most of the in the South, cotton rotted on lands, docks in blockaded ports. At the outbreak of World War But the South's secession also II, after more than 10 years of allowed for the passage of four irying to cut production acts in Congress which had been resisted by southern legislators. They included: -- The Homestead Act of 1862 which tempted 15,000 homesteaders to trek westward American farmers were told to pull the stops; "Food will win the war and write the peace." The awesome capacity of the American farmer to produce would serve as a resource as for the promise of 160 acres of decisive as any weapon during land for a nominal fee and five the conflict. years of farming. -The Morrill Act of 1862, which established the land And whne the number of farms, farm workers and acres under cultivation decreased, production soared. Bumper crops kept factories supplied with raw materials and fed the country, the American soldier and the nation's allies around the world. Since those war years, the Let it ring with the happy sounds of its people at work and play. And let this Bicentennial Year be one of your best ... with our best wishes! We've worked for you for 70 years, and pledge our best for many, many more. The bank with true time and temperature (or your financial needs. mistAve. Ault, Colorado Phone 834-28M FARMERS NATIONAL BANK .§ Ed/for claims milker patent Editor Bailey of the Britt Tribune says he has made a patentcow milker that beats all former inventions along that line. He says, "We have just succeeded in getting a patent on an electric motor fastening on the rump of a cow, the electricity being generated by a small dynamo attached to her tail. It strains the milk and hangs up the pail and strainer. A small phonograph accompanies the outfit which yells 'soo 1 everylime she moves. If she lifts her foot to kick, a little dingus slips over a condivlas and the phonograph says 'dammett' and if she continues to kick, a hinged arm catches the stool and lams her on the hack till it loosens a patch of hair as big as a dustpan. A oatcnt churnfir goes with the outfit that works the butler in one difihpnn and the hair in another. -- Ex. Republican, Feb. 21, 1907. WE'RE NO. 1 WE'RE NO. 1 DATSUN America's No. 1 Selling Import EHRLICH MOTORS Greeley's No. 1 Selling Import Dealer "We wish to thank all the people in Weld County for making us No. 1." B-210 The EPA Mileage Champ For The Second Straight Year. B-210 2 Door 41 MPG HIGHWAY-29 MPG CITY* 710 .DATSUN'S Intermediate Size Car 710 2 Door B-210 Coupe 710 4 Door 33 MPG HIGHWAY-23 MPG CITY* THE LUXURIOUS 610 KICK THE BIG CAR HABIT 610 4 Door 410 Wagon 33 MPG HIGHWAY-23 MPG CITY Coupe and 4 Door' 32 MPG HIGHWAY-- 23 MFG CITY «10Wjgon' DATSUN PICKUP --The Old Stand-By Still No. 1 The Work Horse Of Datsun's Winning team Standard Pickup Stretch Pickup 31 MPG HIGHWAY-22 MPG CITY* LAST BUT NOT LEAST!!! A Work Of The Engineer's Art, The Ultimate Fuel Injected 280Z For 76 s^jC^Jgfe. 2IOZ Coupe 27MPG HIGHWAY -14 MPG CITY* 280Z 2+2 ·The above MPGs are EPA dynamometer estimates, manual trans mission. Actual MPG may be more or less depending on the condition of your car and how you drive. **R. L. Polk Registration, November, 1975. EHRLICH MOTORS, INC. 2733 S. 8th Ave. 353-5333

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