Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 26, 1972 · Page 58
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 58

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Greeley, Colorado
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Wednesday, April 26, 1972
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Page 58
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.68 GREELEY (Colo.) TRIBUNE Wed., April 26, 1972 Congress Urged To Check Use Of Presidential Agreements COMPUTER ORGANIST -- Dr. Alan Ashton, University of Utah computer scientist, and Robert Bcnnion, computer student, operate an organ connected to a computer. A tune is played on the organ and recorded in the computer, which : plays it back, changing volume, speed, key and correcting : any errors in (he recording. Computer Plays Music ;That Human Beings Can't By JOHN CHADWICK Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (Al) - Two Senate Foreign Relations Corn- members urged Congress today (o check Ihe power of the president to us^ executive agreements as substitutes for treaties. What I am interested in," said Sen. Clifford P. Case, R- N.J., "is in preventing the ex- from commiting our | country to significant and often [irrevocable courses of action without approval of the Conand ultimately the Stuart Symington, D- Mo., said that "extended use of :hc executive agreemcnls in international affairs affords the ixecutive branch the potential opportunity to exercise almost complete control over lhe.se affairs." lie said executive agreements, unlike treaties which are subject lo ratification by a two-thirds majority of the Senate, often negotiated in secret without Congress even knowing of their existence. The senators' : ; By ROBERT KUESTERMAN · Associated Press Writer !: SALT LAKE CITY, Utah :: (AP) -- Picture the perfect .''organist. He would have at least four ; "hands -- to play Ihose works · iof Bach requiring two persons. :; He would have 10 fingers on ·/each hand with each finger as ·long as a keyboard -- making ;jio chord impossible. :': He would have unimaginable '.speed -- an ability to play so ; fast no human car could .distinguish between notes. :';' He would have a perfect ear perfect time and would never :'make a mistake. : . : He exists. j; The compuler organist is ; i computer wired to an organ at t'.the University of Utah hy com- i'puter scientist Dr. Alan C. Ash- · ton and Ihe Bcnnion brothers, ·'Robert and Steven, both : computer science students. j: A lime Is played nn the organ · end recorded in Ihc computer. -.The computer plnys it back -- ·faster, slower, louder, sofler, ·"changing keys, forward or backward. ; An incorrectly played note can be subbed out and the 'proper nole placed hack'in. .. Ashton and his team dcvelop- i-cd a linear linguage lo Iranslale i:sheet music inlo numbers and ^letters which can be tclelyped j'inlo Hie compuler. ' ·": The computer (hen plays the {sheet music. · It can play chords that would .-be impossible for h u m a n hands. ·;.': It can play complicated '··rhythms and technical passages ·"·-- and without error. H can statemenls play the parts of several organists at once -- and with coordination impossible for numans. ft has instantaneous control over key, speed, volume and voice. But the most important use Ashlnn foresees for his equipment is in music instruction. Lights can be wired (o (he organ keys and flic computer can shovy [ho student when he has lit a wrong key and which key should have been hit. The music can be (brown onto television screen, creating dazzling patterns of line, riangles and squares allowin) he finest possible analysis botl for the music researcher and for students learning music theory ami patterns. And Ashton says it is not ai expensive tool. Computer and organ could be purchased for ?5,000 -- easily in the budget of m a n y schools. Ashton said the device also is a tool for flic composer. He! can play a simple t u n e on the can · tone, and combine it with ntlier (ones. A conductor's score can be fed into (he compulcr which will the arrangement for each musical instrument. It can also produce the ac companimcnt for a live i n s l r u - j ment -- slowly as the musician 'irsl attempts i(, and gradually! 'aster as he perfects his per-' rmancc. "We don't want to replace musicians with a computer,": soys Ashton. j "We want the musician to; manipulate the computer." ! were prepared for a second day of hearings on a bill to require il executive agreements to be ransmilled to Congress and to render them ineffective if dis- ipproved by Ihe Senate and the House within 60 days. Sen. Sam J. K r v i n Jr., in- ducting the bearings as chairman of the separation of powers subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee. Symington said a Foreign Relations subcommittee has found that "the United States now maintains 375 major bases and more than 3,000 minor installations around the work), a large number of which were established through executive agreements or understandings. "Many of them were, unknown to the American public and to most of the members of Congress." Case, who won Senate approval in February for a bill calling only for transmitlal of executive agreements to Congress, now is pushing for action on another measure seeking to block two recent agreements. The bill would deny funds to carry out agreements Portugal and Bahrain unless they arc submitted to the Senate as treaties. Under the agreement with Portugal, the United Slates would provide about $436 m\\- lion in aid and credits in return for a 25-monlh extension of the use of military bases in the Azores. The agreement with Bahrain provides for payment of several hundred thousand dollars in rent for military facilities on the Persian Gulf island. recent executive concluded with N.C., author of the bill, is con-l The Slate Department lias de- High Court Gives Judges Power Against Polluters By BARRY SCMWEID Assoclattd Pr*» Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - Although the Supreme Court declined to help Illinois clean up Lake Michigan, its unanimous ruling seems to give federal judges broader powers to get tough with water and air polluters. Justice William 0. Douglas's opinion for 'the court Monday establishes the authority of these judges to apply "federal common law" to pollution complaints. Since there are no fixed rules to govern most instances of pollution, he said, the judges are free to be guided by p their own "informed judgment." Illinois had asked the court to order Milwaukee and three other Wisconsin cities to slop feeding wastes into Lake Michigan. This the court would not do. Citing its mounting load of cases, the court toid Illinois to take its suit to a federal district court. . But the decision evidestly docs more than that. Douglas, without any reservations from his colleagues, took the position that water pollution is a public nuisance and federal clined to submit the agree- nents as treaties despite a Senate vote on March 3 asking that it do so. judges may use federal com-1 mon lav/ to abate it. Some day, he said, Cosgress may enact specific laws beyond those already on the books and the federal agencies may. adopt new regulations. ."But until that conies, to pass," he said, "federal courts will be empowered to appraise the equities of the suits alleging creation of a public nuisance by water pollution." And while federal law governs, he continued, "consideration of state standards may be relevant." That is, "a state with high water-quality standards may well ask that its strict standards be honored and that it not be compelled to lower itself to the more degrading standards of a neighbor." The court, through Douglas, also opened the door lo public- nuisance suits against air polluters in another unanimous opinion that shuffled a suit off to district court. In this one, 18 stales accuse th'e nation's four largest. auto-makers and their association of conspiring to delay development of antismog devices. Last February, all of the 18 states except Idaho struck from their proposed complaint charge of air pollution as being "a public nuisance contrary to Ihe public policy of the .. . states . .. and Ihe federal gov ernment." Douglas footnoted the opinion with what amounts to an invitation to, trie states to renew argument in -a lower federal court. all this seems to 'mean is that states, cities, groups and ndividuals do not have to rely entirely on established federal laws and regulations in challenging threats to the environment. Johns-Manville Plans Plastic Pipes Plant DENVER (AP) -- Johns: Manville has announced plans to construct a $3.3 million plant near Pueblo to manufacture plastic pipe for Use in irrigation, telephone and_ electrical transmission lines; The plant is to be built on a 55-acre. site at Pueblo West about one mile from Interstate 25. A starting date has not been set, a spokesman said, but completion is expected early in 1973. · DAIRYMEN A new dairy (casing program offers the opportunity for which you've been waiting. All calves are retained by you, lease costs are nomiria!, arid-you may choose the heifers or cows from our lot or purchase from a local dairyman. ]Ve pay all charges except delivery. In addition, the' cost--with tax advantages the average dairyman will pay little more in actual cash investment for the lease than the original cost of the heifer or cow. In addition, you.have the option to purchase at the end of the lease period. We would .appreciate your calling, about further information. . . ··· QUARTER CIRCLE SEVEN LEASING COMPANY ' Ft. Morgan, Colorado 867-7346 ' ' · organ. The computer change speed, volume, America Abroad '·By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ··· Kuropean editorial writers : 'analyzed the new bombing al- ·'tacks on North Vietnam last week and a pair of foreign cor- .rcspondcnls in the United Slates lurncd their attention to life in American cities. . The conservative newspaper ·L'Aurore in Paris said President Nixon was thinking more .about Ihc Soviet Union than -jVictnam when he ordered B52 '·bombers lo atlack targets near ^Haiphong and Hanoi. "In doing this," 1/Aurorc ridded, "Richard Nixon and ·Henry Kissinger give new life to the policy of John Foster ·pulles known as brinkmanship." . Another conservative Paris newspaper, Le Figaro, suggested lhat despite the bombing .Nixon's visit to Moscow, might come off as planned next month because the Russians ex. peel lo gain o grcal deal from It. "Mr. Nixon has perhaps not yet gone over the limit," Le I'Figaro's editorialist wro'c. f: The conservative Daily Tote ·'gram in London told its readers : :the Moscow visit is in no tlnn- like a mass group of madmen. "The United Stales may liave its own war ralionae, hut still cannot silence worldwide accusations of .sl:ur.;lilcriiig the Viel- c," Mrs. Millennium wrote. Asalii Khimlnm's New York :oiTPsp:wdi;iil, Ynl;io Matsu- vama, used his spuce in ;i col- inin to discuss why he finds living in New York "com- liiratively pleasant" despite he city's reputation for violence. 'There is no comparison between New York and Tokyo as regards Ihe denth of culture. On Broadway, there are many I first-class theaters, and the op- 1 era house presents different; performances every day," he] wrole. Describing a midnight Bach concert In New York's Lincoln Cenler, Malsuyama said the casual, lielcss performance 'was n unique concert which can never be performed in olh- ·:ger according to the ·'·House and probably shnuUIn 1 ! Whilc urban Alan Oslxrn, reporting from Washington in the Daily Telegraph, described frauds he said have liindrrd cf- fnrls lo improve bruising in U.S. slums--which Osborn said resemble Ixjndon after Ihe' l-.be unless Nixon himself decides \-,\\(;,, \ . to put il off. "The swindle amonuls lo | "Mr. Nixon is known lo inolr1|nolliing less than Ihc corruplion strongly the view thai p a l i o n n l o f (ho American government's vision of making decent homes possible for the poor," he said. "If Ilritain's housing problem is .the Daily Telegram com- Uml of finding Ihe right house 'merited: "The difference bo: -,i a sensible price in much of rtween Russian supplies loKemrica il is that plus the ·iNorlh Vietnam and American avoidance of the racketeers, '.supplies lo South Vietnam is confidence Irickslcrs and prop- which supply sophislicnlcd weapons to others must be held responsible for their actions," : f h a l the first is for aggression and the second for defense." ·' But a 42-year-old Tokyo housewife, Hisako Nakamura, a lellor to the Japanese i'paper Asahl Shimbun in which i;Stie saw (he increased bombing £as proof tha United States is erly louts who prey on Ihe low- income woutd-hc house purcha- liOSTON -- Scientists date (hi! age of rocks by measuring | Ihe gaseous clement argon in them. 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BS BLADE: 22 Inches OTHER FEATURES: Vertical Pull 'N Go with IhrolNe on folding handle. Five, quick external ·*j" to 3Vi" wheel adjustment. Come in and see our complete lawn and garden department featuring: · mowers · Scott's lawn products · garden tools · garden seed · hose . sprinklers

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