Tribune Editorial Page Opinion - Analysis - Interpretation GREELEY (Colo.) TRIBUNE Kri., April 2(1,1J73 Page 4 Pause and Ponder If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another. _ Galatians 5:25,26 UAAW chief on strip mining Champions of strong federal controls over strip mining received support recently from rather an unexpected source, the president of the United Mine Workers. He told a congressional committee that he was opposed to strip mining wherever the land cannot be restored after the coal has been taken. This was markedly different from the earlier official UMW attitude. A couple of years ago the then president of the miners' union, Tony Boyle, called it "grandstanding" to talk of abolishing this method of exploiting coal deposits. Though he spoke of standards for stripping, and urged that federal money be made available for reclamation, in essence he espoused mild laws not much tougher than those advocated by the mining companies. The key to the change this time around is that Arnold Miller, formerly a rank-and-file miner from Cabin Creek, W. Va., has replaced Boyle as president of the Mine Workers. Miller differs from his predecessor in a number of ways. Among other things, on the subject of strip mining he speaks from harsh personal experience; he has lived in country where the scars are much in evidence. He knows what ripping off the overburden to get at the coal beneath does to the land, and in turn to the people who occupy the land. Under proposed legislation, this rape of the land would be allowed to go on instead of being halted until control machinery is ready. Nor are the controls the operators are advocating likely to be effective if adopted. As a former West Virginia coal miner Arnold Miller knows that. As president of the United Mine Workers he is urging passage of more meaningful regulation. It is good to hear this sort of concern for human and ecological values in place of the overworked and simplistic theme that controls on stripping throw miners out of work. Broader pension reform The phrase "pension reform" has a fine, ringing sound to it, but not every proposal for reform encompasses all that ought to.be done. As Congress moves toward much-needed action on the subject, care should be taken to assure adequate safeguards for all the categories of people involved. It is heartening that President Nixon has taken the initiative, renewing proposals made earlier. Administration support augurs well for action at this session. However, it must be said that the ideal pension reform measure would go several steps beyond the administration plan, and beyond what is provided in some bills now before Congress. The opposition of organized labor has been responsible for congressional reluctance to pass a reform bill. The thrust of that opposition makes some sense. President George Meany of the AFL- CIO summed it up cogently when, commenting on the administration proposals, he said that they "do nothing for those already retired, nothing to protect the integrity of the pension funds when the corporate entity is terminated, nothing for workers who have devoted a lifetime to their jobs and are now nearing their retirement age." These points deserve to be weighed as Congress formulates comprehensive legislation. There are some solid improvements in the administration programs, notably provisions for minimum "vesting" standards, more solid funding by employers, and tax exemptions to encourage accumulation of more retirement benefits. The bill would be even better, though, if it were expanded to meet the problems highlighted in Meany's statement. Nixon's decision time By JOSEPH ALSOP WASHINGTON -- Anyone who knows how to read the signs must be aware that grave decisions about Ihe Vietnamese war are soon to be taken in the White House. 'The ritual visit to the front by ' Gen. Alexander Haig has always meant just that. Enough lime has passed since Gen. Haig's return for the President to begin lo make up his mind. Anyone who knows the situation also knows the question the President has to answer. It has been staring the President in the face for al least a month. It comes in two parts. Will Ihe United Slales look the other -way while North Vietnam freely, flagrantly and dangerously violates the most vital provisions of Ihe cease-fire agree- Â· ment (hat was attained at such cost and negotiated wilh such difficulty? Or will (he United Slates end by taking the hard, hideously unpleasant measures lhat may be needed lo force Hanoi's compliance wilh (he cease-fire accord? The measures in question can only be progressively dosed applications of force by bombing, and perhaps renewed mining of the ports of North Vietnam. Nothing could be more repelent for any political leader than the kind of choice now facing the President. Nothing could be more bitterly disappointing, either -although the need for the choice should not be all thai surprising, since breaking just-signed agreements has always been a habit of Ihe North Vietnamese leaders. Againsl (his background, Ihe apparently isolaled lil-for-lat in Laos has to be seen as a first warning shot across the bows, so lo say. If Ihe Hanoi leaders are wise, they will read this warning shot as meaning that Ihe Presidenl is mosl unlikely lo look (he other way while the cease-fire agreement is continuously and grossly violated. Anyone who knows Richard M. Nixon also knows, in fact, what course his successive decisions are now likely to follow. He is not the sort of man to do nothing while the agreement he worked for, and look risks for, and asked national sacrifices for, goes down the usual dran of Hanoi's broken promises. One has to expect him lo end up doing all he can to make the Hanoi leaders understand that this time they must keep their promises. One must, of course, wait and see whether this reading of the President's basic character and style of policymaking is correct. One must further wait and see whether the leaders in Hanoi steer away from their usual promise breaking because of the inherent risks. They will certainly not lack for Chinese and Soviet warnings. Meanwhile, it is worlh noting another factor, never before noted, that must be making the President's hard choice a great deal harder. In brief, he is the first President of the United States in the whole course of our history who has not been able to explain all the reasons for his hard choices to the country in full and forthrighl terms. This is because Richard M. Nixon also is the firsl President in our history to Greeley Daily Tribune And The Greeley Republican Publilhtd tvtry wÂ»k my tviniiq by no TrlburÂ».Â«Â«publlcÂ«n Publishing Co. Ofllc., ;n llh St., Orettoy, Coto., 1WH Mil,DUE!) IIANSEN I.KOG. K O K N 1 G . . . JAKEESTRICKJR.. ROBERT WIDLUND A.I..PETERSEN... JAMES W.rni'CE... Publisher . Business MRr. . . . . Clrc. Mgr. Editor . . . . A d v . M s r . SÂ»pl. S.und.cl.11 pnl.g. H M ,| Orwhy, C.to. Svtacrlpllen rÂ«U: jj ,,, men Hi. Mimktr M m, AIIKI.M Tnn, Coo. jty N.WI Mrvlci. Otor.il. *.,, Ann., InUM Dllly Pr.il Aim., Awlll Buruu it Inn* fc It* TrlÂ»Â«..Â»,,rtH.r, Pub. by OrÂ»kjy TypÂ». "I think (his is nol a victory for Congress so much as for constitulional governmenl and the American people." -- Sen. Sam J. Ervin, D-N.C., on President Nixon's decision to allow aides to testify before Ervin's special Watergate investigalion commiltee. "It is our sole purpose to make sure lhat this question is passed upon by Congress." -- Sens. Frank Church of Idaho and Clifford P. Case of New Jersey, in seeking Senate support for legislation lo deny funds for U.S. m i l i t a r y activities in Indochina and U.S. aid for Norlh Viclnam unless Congress specifically approves. "In fact, I don't even think Pete's on the taxi squad." -- AFL-CIO Presidenl George Meany, about Secretary of Uibor Peter J. Brennan and President Nixon's description of Meany's former labor associate as a "learn player ... who never sells out on anything." "II amazes me dial anyone who has followed these mailers would lake (he Sovicl claim:; seriously." -- Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., on n Russian promise lo Washington thai high exit fees for Sovicl Jews seeking lo emigrate lo Israel have been suspended. have engaged in sustained, highly successful and genuinely secret diplomacy. To see what is meant, all you have to do is to consider the new,American relationships with China and the Soviet Union. To this day, not one American in ten thousand understands the basic facts about these relationships, because the facts could not be staled openly. The first fact is that the new relationship with China, amounting to an informal alliance, is squarely based on the justified Chinese apprehension about a Soviet preventive attack designed to achieve China's nuclear castration. The second fact is that the President is determined to deter such a Soviet attack because it would produce a worldwide version of the Hitler era, albeit with no Hitler. And the third fact is that the new relationship with the Soviets is first of all designed to make such a Soviet adventure less likely, and Ihen to lay the foundations of a new world power relationship. But il may well be asked: How is all Ihis linked wilh the President's Vietnamese choice? The answer is that both the Soviets and the Chinese are watching. If the President now passively accepts the defeat in Vietnam he has worked so long and so hard lo avoid, the informal alliance with (he United States will be severely devalued in Peking. By the same token, Moscow will also make its own judgments accordingly. If both American resolve and power now appear to be gravely weakened, in other words, Moscow will feel far freer to undertake the grim adventure in China lhat Moscow has actively been preparing. These are bound to be prime factors in the President's coming choice. But they are hardly factors thai can be shouted from the housetops in the new era of secret diplomacy. Copyright 1973, Los Angeles Times So This Is Greeley Pilots * THOUGHT FOR TODAY -- At 20 we don't care what the world thinks of us. At 'SO we worry about what the world thinks of us. At 40 we discover that the world wasn't thinking about us at all. +++ \ ALL ABOUT EASTER -- Thought maybe today you'd like to travel around the world at Easter lime and see the intriguing customs as noted by a bright young lady by the name of Sally Hopkins who is a researcher for Hallmark Cards. . "There are almost as many customs as there are countries," Miss Hopkins said. "They're linked to many things, but mostly to Easter eggs -- symbols of new life." Ukranians, for example, sometimes hide decorated Easter eggs in thatched roofs and under haystacks. The hidden eggs serve as charmed protection against high winds. Beekeepers slip eggs under hives to induce a fine supply of honey. Farmers bury them in fields to reap rich harvests. Norway, too, has an Easter custom of its own. There children turn the tables on their parents. First thing Easter morning, called Fastelavn, boys and girls' rush into the bedroom of tiieir parents thrashing them gleefully with Lenten switches. Their parents respond with a gift of Shrovetide buns. Often a bun will be hung from the ceiling by a string and the children, hands clasped behind them, nibble at the bouncing muffin. In the Netherlands, boys and girls celebrate Holy Thursday by caroling, their way from door to door as they beg for Easter eggs. In Austria, farmers gather in town and lovingly groom their horses for Osterritt, an Easter ritual on horseback believed to enrich harvests. In Hungary on Easter Monday, boys chase girls down village streets, dousing them with perfumed water. Undaunted, the scented girls reward their tormentors with hand-painted Easter eggs. Fireworks and a mock bird add excitement to Holy Saturday in Florence, Italy: Two white oxen pull a cart filled with fireworks to the crowded cathedral entrance. Streaking down a wire from inside the church, an artificial bird touches down at the cart. The fuse of the- By Jim'Briggs fireworks sparkles and strong arms yank the wire that brings the bird whizzing back. It usually reaches Ihe church altar .' in time to beat the explosion. To breathless onlookers, perfect timing means. crops will flourish. KUDOS TO JIM M I L L E R -Another incident of good neighborliness was told to me the other day by Gary Sandau, an employe of Miller's Feed Lots near La Salle. Sandau says when his boss man, Jim Miller, heard about the trouble over there in Kersey last week he told all but three men to "get over there .and see if you can help- those people out." . Twenty men with pickup trucks and four men on horseback worked 'round the clock aiding and assisting the flood victims. After the flood was under control, Miller dispatched his loader to the area to aid in the cleanup work, Sandau said. Kudos to .Mm Miller and his men at Â· Miller's Feed Lots. SOME INTERESTING FIGURES -- I ran across the followihg in the Sunny View Church of the Nazarene's church bulletin, which is so (rue:. A typical'church membership 400 Non-resident members 75 Balance left to do the work 325 Elderly, sick, shut-ins _50 Balance lefl to do the work 275 Members who don't lilhe 100 Balance left to do the work 175 Christmas and Easter members 100 Balance left to do Ihe work 75 The lired and those who alibi 50 Balance left lo do (he work 25 Members who are loo busy 23 Balance left to do Ihe work 2 You and I, and you'd better get busy 'cause 1 can'l do it alone. LUCY'S CALL -- Lucy called to tell the story about a couple from a Baltic country who, after a couple of years of hard study were finally made citizens. "Sophia! Sophia!" the husband cried cstatically. "At 'last we arc American citizens." "Wonderful, wonderful!" Sophia replied. "Now you can do the dishes." Coplly Nmift Service! Tell me when it's okay to come out!' Letters to the Tribune More sacred emphasis crowded out of Easter To The Tribune: The stores have been all decked out in Easter trim. Card shops and candy counters have placed Iheir emphasis on Easier, loo, and the children have been (old all abou( (he Easier bunny again, and some places have little chicks and ducklings on sale in different colors. And suddenly I am confused. What has all Ihis lo do with the resurrection of our Lord? I'll admit I've been confused about (his for a long lime now, just have never pul il inlo words before. The only possible connection I can see is thai when Chrisl rose from the dead, He brought wilhin Ihe reach of us all new life, eternal life. Actually Ihe word "Easter" is from Enstre the Anglo-Saxon name for Iho goddess of spring during the month (April) Ihe old Teulonic spring fcslivnl was observed. In ancient Rome the hcnlhen held special celebrations oflhc Vernal Equinox at about this time. Since the Easier celebration originated in Rome, no doubt it was a bit of compromise wilh the heathen celebrants. What I'm wondering is this: Are we in danger of making full circle in our celebration of Easier, and moving back again to Ihe lime when Christ's resurrection had nothing lo do wilh it? Is our materialism, our commercialism, our emphasis on Ihe ancient focus of the day crowding out the more sacred emphasis? II is my earnest hope that we who call ourselves Christians will never forget Ihe wonderful gift provided us at Calvary; that we will never forget Ihe empty lomb, and Ihe love and grace lhat boiiglll [or us redemption from sin and eternal life -- if we but accept it. As a Sovcnlh-day Advcnlisl I am looking forward wilh keen anticipation lo the day soon lo come when Chrisl returns to mark the dawn of an eternity of peace and untarnished joy. Ilnrold Miner 1005 l l l h Avc, I TM .; ml iii By ROBERT BETTfcWt) Copley News Service!) at She was born into trouble -r^the object of scathing criticism and^hitter controversy. "JiiVv, Nobody could ever love tnejp'-lll fighter-bomber, it seemed. Wlffi her revolutionary variable-sweep'Wings and advanced subsystems, she-ran into early trouble and had to be 'grtJUnded. She was an expensive failureifc or so the critics said. Â· Â·'Â·'"''-' Today it is a different story, (; Ttie F- 111 has earned her spurs in .Vietnam, and the men who flew her cannot praise her highly enough. ' Â«; "If I had to go into Hanoi Sjggin tomorrow, I'd take the F-lll," said Col. William R. Nelson, convnander.jef the 474th Tactical Fighter. Wing,..Nellis Air Force Base, Nev. Â« Nelson has more than 6,300 htÂ»Js flying time in 22 different aircraft. He flew 199 combat missions' in Vietnam, 39 of them in the F-lll. 1 "'' ' The wing flew 4,000 sorties' 'between late September, 1972, and the, end of hostilities, dropping 74,000 bpfflbs on tactical targets. .Â·.,, \;, "We were running in by night every ' night and never gave the .enemy a chance to rest," said Nelson. .VVfc averaged 30 sorties a night, aboula third of them in support of B-52s." ." ' The F-llls streaked in, often 'in bad weather, at speeds near that of' sound and as low as 200 feet so that the'e'nemy radar could not detect them'.*"-: "We were in and out again .before they could lock in on us," Nelson said. "Their guns fired where we (jad been. The North Vietnamese called us 'Cwhis- pering death. 1 " The F-lll's terrain-following radar allowed the plane to hold minimuin altitude automatically while theMnertial navigation system guided it precisely to the target. "I""' "We were able to go into a highly populated area and inflict heavy. damage on military targets, but with,no,collat- eraldamage,"'said Nelson. "E.very one of the bombs fell in the target area. Not one bomb fell outside it." By going in ahead of the IWZs and . knocking out surface-to-air (SA1\J)| mis- ,sile sites, the F-llls were instrumental in reducing the loss rate of the bfghigh- altitude bombers. i; i ':Â·Â·Â·, Originally known as the TFX,'. F-lll was designed by Convair Aerospace Division of General Dynamics, FL Worth, as a multipurpose plane for^fb the Navy and Air Force. Its variable-sweep wing, which can be positioned.;!! flight at various' angles between the fill) forward and aft positions, enables it! to operate from short- rough runways; fly at supersonic speeds at low altitddeS and reach Mach 2.5 above 60,000 .fedt! The Pentagon planned to buy.l;726 of the planes in various versions. With large-scale production and^-interchangeable parts the hope was;fp,t substantial savings. Instead the F-lll ran into prppleijis of performance, weight and cost ajid became embroiled in political controversy. The Navy's version was strapped after more than $200 million Had -been spent during several years of'trouble- plagued development work.. 'The! 'purchase order was cut to 550, with',528 contractually accepted to date by,t,he Air Force. ..,,',.., The 474th sent 48 planes in two squadrons to Tahkli, Thailand, last September, and the first plane was. flying a combat mission 27 hours aftiSf3t left Nellis. Today:;: in 11)' THE ASSOCIATE!) I'KIC.S'S Today is Friday, April 20. 1 -thb-llflth day of 1973. There are 255 days left in Ihe year. Today's highlight in hislnry:-.'Â·' Â· On this date in 1775. Ihp sib'ge of Boston began in Ihe American Revolution. ' Â· ' v ' - j On Ihis dale: - P - - ' In I(i62, a royal charier was granted lo Connecticut. It extended ;"t'o, ; the Pacific Ocean. ; In 1(173, Bacon's Rebellion broke out in Virginia. In 1889, Adolf H i t l e r , was. "-born in Hrounau, Austria. In l'JU:i, the American industrialist, Andrew Carnegie gave $1.5 million to build The Hague Peace Palaee'in The Netherlands. In 11134, Shirley Temple began ' her career as n child movie star in llic film "Stand Up and Cheer," which opeiierl in New York. ....,, Ten years ago: In a speech hv.Washinfi- lon, former Ficc Presidenl Richard M. Nixon called for u/ligt'ever action necessary lo force Soviet troops mil of Cuba. '',.. Five years ago: A new/ 1 .' Â·prime minister, Pierre Klliot Triidciii!): look over leadership in Canada. One year Â» Ka; 'n, P A|ln |j 0 10 aslrcinmils made n safe landing 'on Ihe moon. . .1 Today's bin Inlays: Former?,.'New York Mayor Rohorl F, Wngnor Jr. is 03. Nuclear physicist Alvln WoinborK is 511. Thought for today: i.,.| lls ,,,,( ))c wenry in well-doing - n, (! nihle.
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