Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on May 25, 1970 · Page 10
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 10

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Monday, May 25, 1970
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Pa*« 10 GREELEY TRIBUNE Mon., May 25, 1970 Soviet Dissident Tells of Prisons, Labor Camps, Asylums ·,, .,' ,,.,., i i.,ii- ,.,iiv, ,,,, f,, ^ !,,,,,,,, n t ; o ,, D r,i mon u-i" ..... iW .u.-.T., K.f v,!.. skv and Yu Daniel, two writ- "normal for a typical country cial exchange rate. lu-ruwe Dili, me guards wno sQiuary iwc uim.» «'« = life of a dissident in the Soviet Union, as portrayed by himself ki an unusual talk with an American reporter. The young man interviewed here thinks his story is "rather ordinary," since he claims there are about 2,000 person like him in Moscow and other Soviet cities. By HOLGER JENSEN Associated Press Writer MOSCOW (AP) -- Meet Vladimir Bukovsky, dissident. He has spent six of "his 27 years in Soviet prisons, asylums and labor camps. He is currently free, but expects to be arrested again. Agents of KGB, the committee of state security, keep him under surveillance. "We have a joke in the prison camps," Bukovsky says with a Smile. "Show the Soviet Union a free man and they'll come up with a law to put him away." The son of privileged Communist party members, he was a w u u l u ue llgluljf s w a u l = u ,,, ,, cl bright and promising scholar at canvas from nec k to toes while Moscow High School No. 59 otners in his ward were force d and beat them almost contin this year. She is 45 years old. uously. I know of several men who died after this, and the clinic on the floor above us was always full." The worst was medical punishment. Bukovsky describes three methods: On the recommendation of a trusty or turnkey, doctors would inject a drug that produced severe stomach cramps, fever, intense pain and a temperature of 104. The sickness lasted two or three days and left the inmate very weak. Another drug reserved for serious misbehavior induced sleep and dulled the brain. Inmates were punished with 10 days of daily injections. They woke up as human vegetables. Some regained their senses after two months, others did not. The third punishment was (he canvas bandage. An inmate would be tightly swathed in wet February 1965 shortly before his 22nd birthday. He had lost veight, he had a heart murmur and heumatism, "but otherwise I was all right. I was still O" . i U l I I L I S I I I Then he found repression and to wa t cn . inequities in the "classless society." The teen-ager could not remain silent and in 1960, his final school year, he published an underground satyrical humor magazine called Martyr. The school principal and several teachers were dismissed. Bukovsky's parents received a reprimand from their local party committee for "failure to raise the boy in the proper spirit." Bukovsky was expelled and told he could never study in a Soviet university. He registered anyway at Mos cow University and studied biophysics for a year before they] Canvas Bandage "The canvas shrinks as il dries. It is not a pretty sight." Bukovsky wasn't smiling now. "They usually only do it for two or three hours. A nurse is always in attendance, and the bandages are loosened when the pulse grows weak." Asylum food consisted of thin oatmeal, cabbage soup that was In Moscow he plunged back nto the dissident movement, circulating underground manuscripts, reading prohibited Western books, organizing demonstrations, informing foreign newsmen of new arrests, allend- ng trials and keeping track of 'riends who had been impris- "You must have friends in his type of work," he explains. 'The KGB follows you all the time and sometimes they pull you in for questioning. If no one knows about it you just disap- oned. Reasonably Safe "But if your friends know you've been arrested you're reasonably safe. They tell others They attend your trial. They know the length of your sentence, and they know when you are supposed to be released. "Stalinist methods don't worl any more. The authorities rion'1 want a big scandal. They have to maintain a semblance of le gality." So dissidents never go anywhere alone. They never live alone and they always tell others what they are doing. All ar- demonstration protesting the mprisonment of Andrei Sinyav- sky and Yuli Daniel, two writers, whose work was considered anti-Soviet. Again Bukovsky was sent to the Serbsky Psychiatric Institute. "But this time the doctors couldn't agree whether I was sane or not," he says. "They spent nine months arguing." Friends smuggled to London an account of his plight, and Amnesty International sent a representative to Moscow to plead for his release. Bukovsky theorizes the Amnesty people "probably threatened to make a 3ig scandal about it." He was ·eleased without explanation in August 1906. But his freedom was short. On Jan. 26, 1967, he was arrested for organizing another demonstration protesting that Soviet intellectuals were repressed. This lime the authorities tried him in a criminal court. He was convicted of "hooliganism" and sentenced to three years at the Borr labor camp in the Voronezhskaya district, 300 miles south of Moscow. Spirit Unbroken But Borkovsky's spirit wasn't broken. At the trial he told the judge: "No matter what you do to me I'm a free man inside And I'll do exactly the same things when I get out again." .wo prisons in the Voronezhska- district. Bukovsky calls this rmal for a typical country district." The Russian Federa,ion, which covers 90 per cent of the Soviet Union, is divided into more than 65 districts. The Boor camp, with 1,500 men, was surrounded by watch- ,owers with armed guards, coils of barbed wire and a free-fire zone. The guards could shoot any inmate seen in the zone. "It could have been worse," Bukovsky says. "It could have been in Siberia." The prisoners lived in barracks and had to work for their keep. Posters admonished: "Those who don't work don't eat" and "Remember that hard work is the only way home." Bukovsky's barracks had a pic- lure of a tearful mother beseeching: "Son, please work to regain your freedom." Most ' ' countrv of the inmates were .. people, locked up for petty thievery, with a few stron- garm toughs showing more brawn than brains. Bukovsky's bunknmtes included a peasant sent up for three years for stealing a chicken, and a man imprisoned for one year for fight ing with his wife. Bukovsky managed to talk his way inlo one of the few "skilled" jobs at the camp, pol- carpentry shop. He received 60 rubles a month- $66 at the official exchange rate. Half this was deducted as a contribution to the state: Another 12 rubles paid the monthly food bill in the camp dining room. The rest went for clothing, bribes for the guards and purchasing extra food at the camp store. Prisoners were allowed · one package from home every, four months and an annual visit by relatives. When not being punished they could make one monthly purchase not exceeding seven rubles, at the camp store: Few could afford such luxury. Most worked as unskilled laborers earning only enough for the 12-ruble food bill. Prisoners in for theft had to repay the value of what they stole. Those who could afford to shop bought large cans of tasteless jam for its small sugar con- rettes and substitute a rolled-up tually no food. Bukovsky was in 10-rubIe bill. The guards who solitary five times and he in- searched us were stuped and sists, "I was not a particularly never caught on. I won't tell the troublesome prisoner." other ways because I don't want my friends-to starve." iy menus-iu ai«uvc. age OE waim twining UUUL Prisoners who bought eitra Anna Dennis, a Los Angeles girl food shared it with other in- wno had read Western news re- mates. The code of the labor ports O f Bukovsky's arrest and camps, Bukovsky says is UaiUUS, ourwvai\y aajo *o. [nai. IRC UIIICl wmucn luiu 111111 "Those who have give to those he could see what was in the who don't." parcel if he refused to accept it. There were not many beatings Bukovsky said no. at the labor camp. "Whenever the. prisoners tent. Worse Food The packages usually contained cigarette 'lighters, pens and other trinkets unobtainable in the rural areas. These could buy 100 grams of pork fat, about Bukovsky observes 3'/2 ounces, a few slices of greasy sausage. On their annual visits relatives would also smuggle in money One day he received a package of warm clothing from rial. The chief warden told him . , , . , , o e heard of a man beaten up by the c that Bukovsky was an guards we would not. We just American spy if ne accepted the screamed, banged things, broke Darce , Bakovs ^ y laughed at , , chairs and doors and made a racket. -After a few riots like that they stopped beating us." However, more refined punishments were used. Loitering "unproductively," failure to doff one's hat to a guard, talking back, all merited being placed on "strict regime." This entailed suspension of all visiting and parcel privileges, a cutback in the food ration and a ban on- shopping at the camp store. "They got you where it really hurts most, in the belly," Serious Misbehavior More serious misbehavior earned' 15 days "confinement in learned who he was. From then | trouble on he spent his days working as "Many a museum handyman, and his nights on Mayakovsky Square meeting other young people opposed to the system. The Movement This was "the Movement." a loosely knit group of young people who liked to discuss things they could not read about in the government-controlled press. In 1962 Bukovsky organized an illegal exhibition of paintings by abstract art'.sts not approved by state censois. The exhibition ' shut down by the authori- O H U I i e a i , UUUUdgc ouup Lijai. » t d o . * - ' " . - j j u "mostly water and no cab- rests and trials are recorded by bage" bread and fish once a "Samizdat," literally translated week There was never any,as a self-publishing under- meat ' i ground news letter. Every per"Ail the inmates had stomachlson who reads one is required to mnhip ·' Hnknvskv recalls, type copies for his friends. _ Bukovsky recalls. 'Many suffered from the Leningrad dampness. Heating was in- "On Dec. months of 2, 1965, after nine freedom, Bukovsky News From New Raymer By MRS DON HORTON | Mrs. Barbara Harless had the NEW RAYMER - Mr and; misfortune of falling from a Mrs Don Murphy and family of!pickup and breaking her leg _ , ,, · »i:.._ iin,;t«.4 :Vii = n hn Sfprlinff hosmtal. Denver and Mrs of Fort on May Morgan 16 and \_ill i'i«J ·" "" -Francis Whited. They visited at the Bussey home Sunday after- 1I1U LcUim v wiijjii,i\«jj !-"·»* -- · · o · i Alice WhitediShe is in the Sterling hospital, were guests! Elmer Everhart returned 17 of Mrs. i home Tuesday from Fort Morgan hospital where he had been since Sunday. nooon. The Pawnee and Mrs. George Swan- has postponed and Mr. and Mrs. Keith \\tlti OL1UL UU V I I WJ 1.HV, uubitwi » MJJ1 ClUU i'-" · "··** -·- · ties and an order was issued for jAshbaugh were guests of Mr. Bukovsky's arrest. But he fled i and Mrs. Walter Bussey May the Soviet capital and joined Hustlers Club their May 21 L N U OUV1CL ^dplleu aim |jui.-n " | U . six-month geological expedition i The elementary grades to Siberia. Prairie School went on t meeting until July 28. Judy Kilmer will be the hostess. FHA installation of officer: and style show was held at at Prairie School Thursday eve- their ning Mr. and Mrs. Bill Breazeale 0 oioena. irraine ouuuui «* He returned when things field trips May 22. i ...-.-..--·-- cooled off and worked as a pro- Mr . an _ d Mrs. Keith Nicker- are the proud p are s o f a bab gramer in a computer center. In May 1963 the KGB caught up with him. The charge: possession of two photocopies of "The New Class." an anti-Communist author Milo- Wyo. Mrs. book by Yugoslav van Djilas. Bukovsky was tried in absen _, l l o lia, sent to'the Serbsky Psychia-|Fort Morga trie Institute and declared in-' sane. That December he was transferred to a prison asyl'im; in Leningrad, where he spent, in; his own words, "15 months of; hell." | "There were about 1.000 metii \n the asylum, political prisoners and insane murderers," says Bukovsky. "The sick raved, the healthy suffered. "I had two wardmates--an =,,,,, of Greeley attended the Stoneham alumni dance May 23. Their son Steven and Patti and Tracey Nickerson spent the niglit with the Art Crosbys. Mrs. Rex Rinkel of Sheridan, helping her mother. girl born May 17. She weighed 6 Ib. 12 oz and has been named Lisa Ann. Mr. and Mrs. Don Horton and family visited at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Jake Artzer and Darrel, Wednesday eve- John Hamilton move old Ukrainian nationalist who'd been there 16 years, and a maniac who murdered his.children, then cut off his own ears. The Ukrainian spent every waking minute yelling about Ukrainian Weld County Real Estate Transfers Document fees listed »re at the rate of one cent per $100 of the selling price. Property selling for lest than J500 is exempt. to Ining. I Reverend and Mrs. Pau , I Wheeler and son are visiting Mr. and Mrs Kenneth Littlefield part of this week. May 21 Gary C. and Joan B. Cox to Capitol Architect Dead at 79 Marvey N. and Marilyn Fryberger, Jesus and Maria N. Rivera, Brentwood Lot 12, Park, Greeley, DF $1.72. Block City WASHINGTON (AP) - J- George Stewart, controversial architect of the Capitol, died of cancer Sunday at the Mar-Salle APPROVED--Model shows proposed headquarters building of American Institule of Architects in downtown Washington, D.C. It curves around historic Octagon House and it took seven years for the AIA to satisfy the Fine Arts Com-j mission with its plans. war d en , enraged, then to te ll everyone in jarcel. Bukovsky laughed ... lim and said no one would believe it. After a day-long interrogation the warden agreed to let him have the parcel on his release. Once a week camp inmates were required to attend two hours of political instruction. Most welcomed this as a break "rom work and dozed through lectures on communism. Bukovsky refused to attend. The chief political officer discovered his absence near the end of Bukovsky's three-year sentence. He was promptly put in solitary. After 15 days the political officer asked him why he wouldn't attend the lectures. "You don't believe in God," Bukovsky replied. "If someone forced you to go to church would you go?" Solitary This earned him 15 more days in solitary. When it was over he had completed his sentence and so was freed Jan. 26. Wearing the clothes sent from Los Angeles, he returned to Moscow, contacted friends and picked up where he left off. He lives in a small apartment with his mother, sister, her husband and their baby. He earns 50 rubles a month as secretary to a sympathetic writer. The apartment and telephone are bugged. Bukovsky feels he is trailed everywhere he goes. Every time he passes on a sam- izdat or talks to a foreigner he risks arrest. But he insists: "The people have to know what is happening here. The world has to know." B'ukovsky makes one thing clear: He doesn't want to live in the West. He docs want to try to improve life in the Soviet Union. He admits he belongs to a very small minority with little chance of success. Veterinary supplies (Franklin) always on hand at Weldo. rado Rexall Pharmacy. --Adv. GRADUATION · CARDS · GIFT WRAPS · R I B B O N S 'f i-TTT Everything for the Office w 1303 Eighth Avt, t » · · · · · · ! · · · · · · · · · · · · .tumult JH.4..J-, ·-" JCSUb aMU i»J."i ia i ' . · » » · · - · -- ] independence. The murderer, Lots 12 an( j 1 s Block 9, Mary just sat and smiled all day." ; c p ar j s h Addition to the Town Bukovsky kept out of their j Q j jo^stou way and taught himself English Rf)y and from books sent by friends._ Herbert F. ., DF $.28. Dorothy Miller to 79. Stewart, who had been the . H e r e r . r., an Later he was moved to a larg-jj Loos part O f the NWVi of er ward and made new friends. ; j h ' e NW \:, O f Sec. 27, T 3 N, They included a French Com-| R fi7 ^ D p 525 muriist and an Australian of p real n Acres Inc. to Stanley Capitol architect since 1954, was mv !,,,,,« L U the driving force behind a ma- and Marjoriejor construction program on munist and an Latvian origin, lieved Communist - - - . . - - ' a n d LaVona Wicks, Lot ,TM r 'i'"g? Dream Acres, DF $.30. first-hand. years of effort, the American,lan AIA I Institute of Architects (AIA) de- designed sign for a new headquarters juilding finally was approved by the Fine Arts Commission. The commission had rejected AIA's various proposals for a massive office building that would harmonize with the 170- year-old Octagon House at 18th Street and New York Avenue NW. Time and again AIA, which strongly favors design control by public bodies such as the Fine Arts Commission (FAC) sent its designers back to the iree years in me asymm. Flores to Orville E. and Uiaryj'ii"»e »'*":· , drawing boards. Its first arclu- The Australian, disillusioned,3 vVoolman. Lot 8, Block 3.1 Although Stewart had a great tect, Romaldo Giurgola, resign- j^-.w^ - -- -- - ~ ijit:aiii ttuics, 1^1 v .uu. about the good life in the Soviet I Arthur wicks Jr. to Sky Union and emigrated to see it c ouil t r y Realty Ltd., the E. 140 f!"'- 1 """ 1 f oc t of Block 1, and me E'140 feet of Block 25, Dream Acres, Capitol Hill. . He is best" known for two controversial projects--the 32-foot extension of the East wing of the Capitol that was criticized as unnecessary and damaging to the original lines of the building and I he construction of the Rayburn House Office building, a costly structure. Stewart was a native of Wilmington, Del., and was educat- v ^,,^^.. ed as a civil engineer at the Sweilzer to I University of Delaware. Before Robertihis election to the House of Rep- from Delaware in Shocked jb~F"$~45 Shocked at the pay in a Mol- 1 Ellen M. Nashland, Arthur davian shoe factory, ""'-'Rrolien, Mildred V. Erickson Frenchman had urged workers | an(i p;i s j c rj to strike. "Communism willj L e o n a r d Klien and .1 never condemn the working' class fighting for its .,,.. ( .^ n ,,, ,, _ ,,.. .,,,.,,,,. argued. He was condemned to; ] ames p an d Teresa M. construction three years in the asylum. F j ' to Qrville E. and Chary home state The Australian, disillusioned, B W oolman. Lot 8, "' ' " A1 "---'·· by life in Moscow, had simply j],-. rank |j n subdivision, tried to leave. He was told thati G r p e l e y D p j 2 .10. since he was of Latvian origin, j N ]' M c Conahay to he working! r f the SE y 4 of Sec . 22, T;'resentatives from Delaware in ; rights." hei^" ^67 w ov 59.00. ithe 1930s, he ran his fathers mdemned to ; ',' n' *,,* Tnmqa M construction business in his he Soviet citizen and Lee Tidball, Lot 4, Block 5, City ol : deal of experience in the construction business he was not Daisy trained as an architect and was jit: v a o « ."/..^-. - kgf, I I Q U L . . , could not go. He persisted and. A r j s | a c r a t Ranchettes Sub was put in the Leningrad asy-j d i v j s i o n DF $.12. lum for contacting foreign em-! Weld Count y Lumber Co. bassies. He spent his days Howanl Jr-i an d Shirley shouting, "Bloody dogs!" at the| Kendricki j^t criticized grounds guards. Doctors , Block 4, Con were technically . ' n o irs Seventh Addition to "i| Town n f La Salle, DF $1.92. the 4 _ r u i - i , w t i . . . ~ . ~ - - - - - ^ | I d W I J H I \_K\ O a l l t j *-i H ' i . u w . charge of the inmates, but the, g roat i v j ew Construction Co. to and Beverly B i oc k ^ 8 th Addition ca , , roat real masters were brutal turnk-! Tjmo|h eys and prisoner trusties, cnmi- !Dn Lot 5 _ nals from the regular part of| Broadvj ' ew Acres the Leningrad prison. '· to the City of Greeley, DF $1.90. ··Only the craft survived, Sherwood Park Development Bukovsky says. "You had to be| Corp (o nice to the guards, you had to lBcvor ] v .... ,_:--,- ...:... ,,,,,,,, " " " B I o c k " ; Sherwood Park, City of Greeley, make friends Ihem, you had to bribe them. Otherwise they can beat you until you're nearly dead and tell the doctors you misbehaved. Or they cnuld recommend medical punish- TM»nt. They beat the Ukrainian ev- j ames Albert and o'Malley, Lot 3fi B I o c k " ] ] ; Third Addition to frequently on those He was appointed Capitol Architect by President Eisenhower in 1954, succeeding David Lynn. Stewart is survived by a son, Frank H., of Rehobeth Beach, Del.; a daughter, Irene S. Wis- cnant of Elsmere, Del., three grandchildren grandchild. and a great- Architect Institute Finally Agrees on Headquarters Plan By WOLF VON ECKARDT The Washington Post WASHINGTON-After I that frames the octagon gardcni Bunsliaft, a partner of Skid- ·with a gentle curve. It will re-1more, Owings and Merrill, is scven'place the present pseudo-Colon-!widely feared by architects for of effort, the Americaniian AIA headquarters which wajlhis often biting criticsm of de- Flelclief of The Architects Collaborative (TAC). the Boston firm founded by the late Walter Gropius. "It's really wonderful." said Commissioner Gordon Bunsliaft. signs they bring before the com GLASGOW -- Astronaut I Armstrong will visit his familj home soon. ed after several tries. "The ordeal has been to our advantage," said E. Max Brooks, a prominent Texas architect, speaking for AIA. "It has immeasurably improved the design." "We are going to miss you," said William Walton, the Fine Arts Commission chairman. In contrast to prevous attempts at architectural showmanship, the approved design is a relatively simple structure ery day, just tied him up and| kicked him in the stomach. Sometimes DF SI. 87. William P. and Agnes E. Davis to Emco Development Co. Inc., Lot 46, Unit 1, (liens of Dacono, Town of Dacono, DF $.40. ---------. PARIS-'Swipe' n U.S. they would put in-!pany here is in trouble. Com- Flower Plants LARGEST SELECTION IN TOWN · 60 varieties Petunias · 30 varieties Geraniums · All colors Pansiet · All varieties other flower* · Peppers · Egg Plant · Cabbage Miller's Vegetable and Greenhouse 2 ml. South on 1st Avo. (from Sugar Factory) Garry In TV Service Have your set repaired while you wait -Save the service call. 825 8th St. 352-6026 For speedy In- home TV service in Greeley and suburbs. Call 352-6026 We guarantee to , repair your TV · set In your home 9 or there Is charge for Ice call. no «erv. Completely Guaranteed Service On Color and Black and White. All Brands from Admiral to Zenith Fully guaranteed premium grade color picture tubes -- 21 and 25 inch -- all installation! in your home. $59,95 Exchiinff* Ha. T.I A IniUIUtlnn GOOD HOUSEKEEPING SHOP of Greeley Phone: 352-6026 825 8th St, Greeley -- Across from Penne/i Want a fresh viewpoint on speculating in commodities? Hear what Walston Co., Inc. Account Executives have to say George Blankenheim and Don Di Paola of Walston Co., Inc. will hold a special seminar covering the basic principles of commodity futures trading, fundamental and technical approaches and trading techniques. Whether you're new to commodities or have been an active trader, here's an opportunity to get insight into commodity futures. Admission is free--but space is limited, so please telephone 623-9311 collect for reservations. Or mail in the coupon below. Time: Thurs., May 28 at 7:30 p.m. Place: Ramada Inn, Evans, Colo. Please reserva_ In Evans. Name ieal(5) (or your lecture on Commodities | Address- City Telephone. _Stat« -Zip. BuslnoM Walston Co. Inc. ·-- M«mb«n N«w York Slock Exchong* and Other Principal Stock and Commodity Exchongti Denver U.S. Nat'IC*nl«r · Denver 80202 (303) 623-9311 OVER 100 OFFICES COAST TO COAST AND OVERSEAS

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