Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 19, 1973 · Page 31
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 31

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Greeley, Colorado
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Thursday, April 19, 1973
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Page 31
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Hum., April It, 1*73 OREELEY (Colo.) TRIBUNE 31 Scientist tells dairymen: Induced calving may have benefits ';· EFFICIENCY IS A MUST - The COS price squeeze and competition for land are two of the biggest problems facing the American prices he receives. Unlike many other businessmen, he cannot tack on a suitable profit to the products he sells. Because of this, he often farmer. His production costs, in many in- operates at a loss until better prices come ' stances, have climbed much faster than the a i on g. The American farmer The key--efficiency (Editor's note: This is the i fourth and final article in a series on the American farmer. The articles, fur' nished by Dek a l b · ' AgResearch, Inc., were written to help increase the public's understanding of the American farmer and the importance of ' agriculture to our '''· economy.) Efficiency is the name of the game. The gap between costs 'and prices'represents profit. It's this gap that every farmer ·'tries to keep as wide as ' possible. '?. The farmer has little control l-Over the prices he receives. He '.can protect himself by hedging' '.'.in the future's market, but this Mnarkel, in itself, reflects a -'lotally free supply-demand situation. Another alternative is .·to contract for sale of his crops, '. but when he does this he often trades off opportunity for top profits in favor of security. Since the market doesn't respond to the farmer's wish, the most practical means of .assuring himself of a profit is to keep his production costs as low as possible. This is hard to do ;when the costs of his inputs keep rising. For example, between 1957-59 and 1969, farmers were faced with a 77 per cent increase in hired wage rates, a 33 per cent increase in the price of motor vehicles and a 106 per cent increase in taxes. Faced with a situation like this, farmers have been forced to seek efficiency -- or else stop playing the game! Even with recent increases in prices of agricultural commodities, the average income of the American farmer is still below that of his urban neighbors. In 1972, disposable income per farmer was still only 78 per cent of that enjoyed by .non- farmers. It's ironic that this is the way the American farmer is rewarded for his increase in productivity -- an'increase that far exceeds the increases in productivity of both his blue- collar and white-collar neighbors. The cost-price squeeze is making it difficult for young farmers to get started. A recent study in Illinois found that nearly 20 per cent of the farm boys who entered farming during the period 1945-54 failed to make it in that vocation. Food prices have been drawing headlines recently. But, compared to income and increased prices of other products, food is still a bargain. Given recent increases in food prices, it is a fact that these prices are lower now, in proportion to expendable income, than ever before in history. For example, consumer income increased 63 per cent in the 1960s, while food expenditures were up only 31 per cent during the same period. Income less food expenditures was up $960 or 73 per cent._ Still, someone has to absorb the blame when prices do climb. The fanner is seldom the cause of such increases, and he seldom benefits from an increase. He receives an average of 40 cents out of each dollar spent on food at the grocery store -- the remainder goes for processing and marketing. Compare this 40 cents to the 50 cent£ he received from each food dollar in 1947-49. Because of the many steps involved in food production, perhaps no one segment can be saddled with the blame when food prices rise. But keep in mind that the farmer does not willfully cause food prices to increase. He does not set the price on his goods at Ihe marketplace. What he sells for a profit today may bring him a" loss next week because of the simple economic law of supply and demand. How many other segments of our economy are willing to settle for that kind of security? What about the future of the American farmer? He's likely to continue to decrease in number unless the rules of the game change. The relentless pressures of economies of scale, increasing technological complexities, high "start up" costs, and his minority political position combine to suggest that farms of the future will be fewer and bigger. But he's not going to be driven off by big, vertically integrated conglomerates. He's too tough a competitor, too flexible, too dedicated, for them. He's important to America. He has made it possible for Americans to eat the best food at the lowest price in the world, and he is by far our biggest producer of foreign exchange. He's tired of being criticized because government production controls are necessary to avoid disastrous overproduction. Instead of being appreciated because he produces food at the lowest cost in the world, he hears demands for price controls when the price of his product starts moving upward for the first lime in 20 years. The United States faces a national policy choice: to continue to encourage him, to help him survive as the world's most efficient food producer; or, by shortsightedness, to force him into the control of marketing conglomerates through the ruthless economic pressures of disastrous overproduction. Many in agriculture strongly support national policy that (a) helps him avoid overproduction and unfair prices, (b) helps him get credit on reasonable terms, (c) makes new technology available to him and (d) encourages the development of readily available, competitive markets for his products. We should all salute the American farmer . . . the world's most important businessman. His amazing ability to produce has been a strong and positive force in the world economy. Induced calving in dairy herds is still in the research stages but may have practical applications when more is known about it, reported a Colorado State University animal scientist. Dr. Vearl Smith, professor of animal sciences, told some 50 visitors at the university's first annual Dairy Field Day last week that early calving has advantages such as convenience and heard health but that more work is needed before specific recommendations can be made. Smith, along with others from animal sciences and veterinary medicine, gave brief talks and conducted tours of d a i r y science facilities located near the main CSU campus. The program concluded with a description and display of two May be farm fuel shortage WASHINGTON (AP) -- The National Council of Farmer Cooperatives says "a critical fuel shortage, is confronting farm-, ers this spring unless refiners get more crude oil to meet fuel production needs." i Kenneth D. Naden, council executive vice president, says that at least two cooperative refiners are currently faced with crude oil deficits of 1:4,500 barrels per day. ' "These shortages are particularly significant when you realize that these two cooperatives serve a trade area where over 60 per cent of the corn and soybeans and over 80 per cent of the wheat and grain sorghum are grown," Naden said in a statement. The Tribune will attempt to' list in this section all meetings and other important 'dates of interest to the agricultural community. To list your organization's important meetings, please contact the, Tribune at least one week prior to meeting date. April 22-28 Colorado State Grange Week. April 23 Weld County Ag Council, 8 p.m., Farm Bureau Building, Greeley. April 23-25 Farm Bureau " S a f e m a r k " Conference, Malibu Inn, Denver. f April 28 Grange-sponsored Pot Luck Dinner, 6:3(1 p.m., State Grange 'Building, public invited. ' May 5-7 American National C a t t l e m a n ' s Association Chautauqua, New York, N.Y. and Washington, D.C. Flanigan Report takes a dim view Farm organization effectiveness Hy DON KENDALL ; Associated Press Writer .! WASHINGTON (AP) - The ; Flanigan Report, one .of the ; worst-kept secrets in the Nixon ; administration, takes a dim - view of the effectiveness of big · farm organizations such as the - American Farm Bureau Feder* ation and the National Farmers ' Union. '. The report was prepared last ' summer at the request of Peter " Flanigan, assistant to the Pres' ident for international economic ; affairs. Although a "classified" · document, the basic points of ] the report has been known for ;' months. After disclosure last · week by Sen. Hubert H. : Humphrey! D-Minn., the report ·' was declassified and made 4 available Wednesday by the I Agriculture Department. ", Although dealing primarily ". with objectives and methods for , improving U.S. farm exports, | the report also includes com; ments about the makeup of the ; farm population and the clout - farmers have in Congress. "While the number of farm voters continues to decline in the U.S, farm organizations still pack legislative power increasingly through commodity organizations which can rally votes for specific issues because of a unity of goals among the membership," the report says. "The general farm organizations -- the American Farm Bureau Federation, the Grange, the Farmers Union and the National Farmers Organization -are less effective because of a diversity of member views and of viewpoints between organizations." On the other hand, the report says, commodity groups "can zero in on legislation, and they are taking over legislative functions once performed by the general organizations" such as the Farm Bureau. "They are more sophisticated, they're better organized, and they have better access to power than many other special interest groups," the re- port said. "Dairy farmers in. particular are well organized, well financed and politically articulate." . An example, the report said, was the defeat in the House last year of a proposal to reduce the $55,000 limit on gov-'/ ernment payments to individual farmers to $20,000. "Working hardest behind the scenes were the National Cotton Council, the National Association of Wheat Growers and WASHINGTON (AP) -.The National Livestock Feeders Association, lobbying against attempts in Congress to roll back food prices, says wages earned by nonfarm workers in an eight-hour day now buy 23.2 pounds ol beef, compared with 14.4 pounds from a day's wages in 1952. The point in ade by the stockmen is that wages have gone up much more rapidly the past 20 years than meat prices. the Grain Sorghum Producers," the report said. Other groups cited as having political clout on special issues ··included: tobacco associations, ' the Peanut Council, Rice Council, American National Cattlemen's Association and the National Council of Farmer Cooperatives. Wool value up sharply WASHINGTON (AP) -- The value of shorn wool produced last year was $55.3 million, up sharply because of higher prices from $31.4 million in 1971, says the Agriculture Department. The average price per pound last year was 35 cents, compared with 19.4 cents in 1971, the USDA said in a year-end report. Total wool production, including pulled and shorn, was 1G8 million pounds, down from 172 million in 1971, however. More corn use estimated Sv culture Secretary Earl L. Butz J,'! says he thinks more corn will *j be used in the current markct- ;J ; ing year than official estimates * :i show. £* By next Oct. i, the beginning ' Jof the 1973-74 corn year, Butz «*says the carryover or reserve '/.may be about two million bushels. He made his estimate this week at a meeting of the Newspaper Farm Editors of America. The Agriculture Department, meanwhile, is officially estimating the corn carryover next Oct. 1 at 875 million bushels. Butz says domestic livestock feed use and exports may be a little larger than currently Indicated. MR. FARMER I Can you afford not to save up to 25% on your farm chemicals? Guaranteed 1973 fresh supply. Carlisle Aviation Greeley Airport 352-783S dairy herd families, owned by CSU, one Brown Swss and one Holstein. ,' Smith said that tows can be .induced to abort af early as the f i f t h month of pregnancy although the practice usually is not carried out until later in 'gestation. , He said one reason for inducement is that the greatest danger of uddsr injury in dairy cattle occurs during the last few days of a pregnancy. Extra weight will, 1 impose excessive strain on the ligaments which suspend the udder. Smith added that "in dairy herds where large numbers of cows are calving, it may be advantageous to arrange for cows to calve only during the middle of the week when professional assistance can be available constantly to give prompt attention to the cow and calf." Early abortions also might be desirable, Smith said, when a young heifer . is serviced mistakenly by a bull or when a small heifer is expected to have an over-sized calf which might threaten her health. Inducement of calving could also be useful in cases of an injured cow which has to be destroyed or if a cow develops a disease which could be treated more effectively if the calf were delivered, Smith lold the field day visitors. He said that in work at CSU, some difficulty in calving has been experienced when labor has been induced and cited cases of retained placentas, insufficient dilation, poor milk production and prolonged labor. Smith said, however, the number of · experimental animals was small and he would hesitate to draw conclusions this early in the study. "Induced calving in dairy cattle may be used successfully in the late stages of gestation when extenuating circumstances exist. However, before induced calving can be recommended for a general procedure, much more- experimental work needs to be done," Smith noted. VOLUME BUYING MAKES THE DIFFERENCE 0 VOLUME BUYING MAKES THE DIEftRENCE NATIONWIDE 3VER 250 STORES HONESTY! QUALITY! SERVICE! OPEN 8:00 to 6:00 DAILY--8:00 to 3tOO SATURDAY Of We Nave The World's Finest Retreads and We Guarantee Them Just Like Our New Tires / y . Sebastian Says MOST ANY SIZE SET OF 4 $ 40°° WHITEWALLS 1.00 MORE PER TIRE BLACKWALL-- FETAND EXCHANGE DOWN PAYMENT . . . NONE FINANCE CHARGE ..NONE ANNUAL % RATE . . . NONE 6 MONTHLY PAYMENTS SAME AS CASH CHROME REVERSE From 18 95 DISH MAGS. 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