8 GREELEY (Colo.) TRIBUNE ., April It, 1173 The judge of Jesus -- III Uprising problems multiply in Jerusalem Editor's note: This is the third installment in a five-part Easter series about Pontius Pilate, governor of Judea, the judge of Jesus. It is based on biblical and historical sources. Hy GEORGE W. CORNELL AP Religion Writer Like scattered brush fires, the emergencies seemed to hit at various points in Jerusalem at about the same time. Roman troops already had been concentrated on one violent outbreak when Jesus made his surprise foray at the Temple. Now another matter, a secret, night-time ambush, had to be arranged. It was a hectic time for Pontius Pilate. Planning and directing his moves from his sectarium office, the governor received a steady stream of messages and dispatched runners to military units deployed through the city. Arrests mounted. One detachment had smashed an uprising in which several died, capturing its rebel ringleader, Bar- .rabas. It was the Jewish Passover week and the city bulged with outlanders and national religious fervor, a time that always seemed to whip native an- lagonism to the foreign military occupation to a flashpoint. Pilate's forehead beaded with sweat as he faced the multiplying succession of problems and rapped out orders for trying to staunch them. Frum turrets atop the Tower of Antonia, overlooking the Temple square and adjoining Pilate's chambers, Roman sentries watched the onslaught led by Jesus. Swinging a braided livestock whip, he overturned coin-exchange tables, merchandising booths and sheep pens, driving out the dealers, animals, tourists and watchmen alike. Mark's Â· gospel reports "he would not allow anyone to carry anything" through the area, blocking all traffic and bringing the bustling trading center to a standstill. How long he held it and whether his apostles or others took part in the action are not specified. Nor is it indicated whether he attained his objective, or if some other purpose was sought, such as removal of the Rome- collaborating Temple oligarchy. "My house shall be called a house of prayer, but you have made it a den of robbers," he charged. Pilate, presumably informed at once of the affair, did not immediately intervene militarily, either because he lacked sufficient reserves at the moment, with troops heavily engaged elsewhere, or because the demonstration evoked such strong popular support that he deferred counteraction until he could devise circumstances more to Rome's diplomatic advantage. Artifice was his specialty as shown on several historically recorded repressions in which he used deceptive techniques. Furthermore, he already had been reprimanded at least once by the Emperor Tiberius for high-handedness. There were more cunning ways to block Jesus' movement. In any case, that the demonstration succeeded even temporarily in vacating the huge Temple plaza, always congested and doing rush business at festival time, suggests that the disruption assumed far more powerful proportions than are detailed by the gospel narratives. It was an assault on the hub of the province's financial, cultural and religious establishment, essential to Pilate's maintenance of colonial peace and profit. The Temple police, employed by the Rome-appointed high priest Caiaphas and regularly posted about the courtyards and porticoes of the massive sanctuary, apparently had been swept aside along with the other Temple functionaries. However, biblical accounts make clear why the Temple administrators also had withheld action against Jesus at that time. "They feared the people," the accounts say. "and the multitudes." "They did not find anything they could do, for all the people hung upon his words." The people themselves marveled, "Is not this the man whom they seek to kill? And here he is, speaking openly, and they say nothing to him." Pilate necessarily kept up close liaison with the' ruling Temple party, the pragmatic, wealthy Sadducees. Ancient noncanonical accounts detail extensive conversations between him and Caiaphas. The Scriptures indicate that he put pressure on the Temple leaders, to cooperate in dealing with Jesus or face replacement by Rome as incompetent to cope with the situation. As one remarked, in John Deodato steps out from back stage By MARY CAMPBELL AH Newsfeaturcs Writer "Also Sprach Zarathustra," written by Richard Strauss, arranged by a 29-year-old Brazil- EUMIR DEODATO ian, Eumir Deodato, and played by a 10-man group called Deodato, sat at No. 4 on the best-selling pop singles chart for three weeks, ending April 7. Deodato isn't a household word, having been, in his words, "back stage" in the record business. In fact, he was the arranger of the B side, "Just Like a Woman," of the Roberta Flack record, "Killing Me Softly with his Song," that stayed ahead of "Zarathuslra" on the best-selling chart. His single is from the LP, "Prelude-Deodato" on CTI Records and there was no thought of shortening that track and putting it out as a single until various disc jockeys started doing it. Deodato (hinks now it may be Ihe biggest hit single a Brazilian artist has had in Ihe United States: the next he. thinks is Sergio Mcndez's "Look of Love." Deodato hadn't played piano for seven years when he performed "Zarathustra" at the Hollywood Bowl at a concert the record company was giving to show its artists. The favorable response brought about the recording and the recording has now brought Deodato to the decision to be a performer instead of solely a writer nnd arranger. And he hns determined to do whatever is necessary to establish a level nnd maintain it -promotion tours, inlerviews nnd louring to give conccrls with the ID-man group. The group Is different from the people on the recording; most of them were part of other groups. In Rio de Janeiro, where Deodato was born, he went to college for three years, studying engineering, and at the same time played organ arid piano behind a popular singer, having done all the arrangements for the show. "I was playing in nightclubs, through around 3 in the morning every day, with Mondays off. I was having to wake up at 7 to get to school, having lunch at school and going to the lab for experiments. Whenever I could get back home I would get some sleep. That gave me a premature ulcer." It also led him to quit college, quit performing and move to New York, which -he did permanently in 1970. "I was labeled a bossa nova arranger for many years here. Then Creed Taylor of CTI Records broke that label. He called me to do some arrangements for Wes Montgomery. At that time he was having a big hit. I was so thrilled and so scared. I learned a lot. Creed gave me tremendous insight into record production and record making. After a while I started getting assignments with big singers. The more I was doing it the more I was learning, things like the elements that give a song a chance of being a hit." One of the songs on the album is "Spirit of Summer," which Deodato wrote to enter in the 1970 Rio Song Festival. It got second prize. "Basically t used the same arrangement I used down there. It is a song that I think would sound nice in a movie. I intend to use it in a movie some time, as the theme." Deodato has scored a. few movies but none lately because he hasn't been offered any script he likes. He would like to do some, using his 10- ma'n grpup to perform. Also on the LP is "Carly and Carole." "I was motivated by Carly Simon and Carole King. In a cab going to New Jersey for a recording session that melody came to my mind. Usually the best tunes I have come like that -- they just come, the entire piece. "After that I worked it out a little bit, changed a few things around. I kept it for a better opportunity, to record it. "I use a cassette tape, so when 1 have some ideas, it could be in the middle of the night, I just go there and put it in. I find myself with half a dozen cassettes full of melodies and never have time to go through them to see what is usable. I whistle them, or hum. "I believe the basic idea should be melody. If I go to the piano, I start to elaborate too much. Your fingers command you rather than your mind. I don't write arrangements with the piano, either. Your fingers automatically go on certain chords. First on paper, then go to piano; check it out. I've got my best arrangements like that, too. FREEZER CHEST SAVE ON THE HIGH COST OF MEAT USE OUR LIBERAL PAYMENT PLAN Gambles 11:48: 'If we let him go on thus, every one will believe him, and the Romans will come and destroy both our holy place and our nation." High priest Caiaphas added that it was expedient "that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation should not perish," meaning their civil-religious jurisdiction under Roman supervision. Pilate knew they were hated almost as intensely as Rome itself because of their collaboration with it 'and dependence on it for their offices. However, they provided a handy mediatory tool for Pilate in exercising his power. In controlling Temple worship, they held the reins of a tradition dear to the people, despite their bitter aversion to the officeholders themselves. The governor, tense and harassed by the torrent of crises, fumed at the confused, changing reports brought to him in a constant round of briefings and decisions. Repeatedly, he cut his aides off short, questioning, upbraiding, demanding further steps to shore up security and implement plans. To him, the whole city, with its strange religious passions, seemed an utter madhouse, a bedlam of discordant factions and uncertainties, of steaming holiday crowds, dust, hawkers, reeking streets, rickety freight carts, bleating animals and that festering tent city of thousands outside the walls, camping out there in a dingy glut of smoke, smells and undoubtedly incendiary conversations. Slapping his "vitus" staff on the table before him, Pilate ordered additional patrols around that rustic encampment, many of its occupants being hot-tempered, revolutionary hill folk. So far as he could make out from the information brought to him, the flareup of revolt instigated by Barrabas was throughly repulsed with an unknown number of casualties. Barrabas, son of a rabbi, and other surviving insurrectionists were in prison. Mark's gospel, in noting their capture, does not specify their numbers. The scene of the uprising remained a danger zone, however, and Pilate kept extra troops posted there. Violent resistance by those.highly religious Zealots, battlers for Israel's independence whom Rome called Sicarii, had plagued the conquering regime ever since Roman procurators took over the province in 6 A.D. eventually leading to devastating war. Whether any zealots were involved \ l n Jesus' short-lived takeover of the Temple square is not stated. In any case, armed insurgents and fighters against Home, were among those filling the jails of Jerusalem as that Passover week neared its climax. With some relief, Pilate noted that the Temple square had quieted down and returned to some semblance of normalcy. His main concern now was to avoid further outbursts in the keenly volatile atmosphere, in part by covertly and quickly silencing the fiery, crowd-swaying Jesus. The saving "messiah," some called him, "Christos," the "anointed', implying'some royal mantle dangerous 1 to Rome. He claimed some special kinship to the Jewish God. Peasant throngs in Galilee had tried in.vain to crown him at once-reports of which probably had reached Pilate. An old book, the Sybilline Oracles, perhaps known to the Romans, contained a lengthy Jewish prayer for destruction of the heathen occupation government and annointiiig a new, righteous king. "A holy king will come and reign over all the world," the prayer went. "His wrath will follow on the people of Latium and Rome will be destroyed to the ground. 0 God. . .let the Romans perish. . .When will the day come. . .?" Pilate agreed with the high priest Caiaphas that the arrest should be made quietly with as little public notice as possible, and that the trial should be held immediately to forestall any groundswell of opposition. Also, the Temple officials should.arrange some show of support for the prosecution. The man's widly celebrated entry into the city, the rampage at the Temple and the surging enthusiasm he engendered for some so-called "kingdom of God" only confirmed the need for eliminating him. Pilate affirmed the arrest warrant for sedition and passed it to a military tribune to carry it out. Luckily, according to word from Caiaphas, a defector from Jesus' band had offered to give directions to its late-night meeting place. "There may be resistance," Pilate advised. "We are told some of the men are armed. Be prepared for it." The officer struck his chest with his. fist in salute and spun about. The fact that a Roman military detachment described as a "cohort" in the gospel of John, was assigned to the mission in- dicates.clearly that it was initiated by Roman authority that Pilate as head of the military occupation forces ordered the arrest and put his seal of approval on the charge, whether verbal or written. The majesty of imperial Rome, as represented by its legi in the person of Pilate, simply did not act on any authority but its own. Whatever the complicity, plottings or servile urgings of Caiaphas and his Sadducean priestly col-. leagues as portrayed in gospel narratives, Roman soldiers would not have moved in the case except on orders of their superior, Pontius Pilate. A cohort, commanded by a tribune, normally num bered 600 men. However, in ancient accounts as well as in modern military parlance, the designa- lion of a unit often is used when it is short of its full complement. It seems unlikely that an entire cohort would have been considered necessary or used to arrest one man, but even if the actual number was less, the term still would be applicable, and also suggests the gravity with which Pilate viewed the matter. In actuality, the arrest party did meet momentary armed re- sistance -- in the swinging of the apostle Peter's sword. But Jesus quickly stopped it. "Shall I not drink the cup which the Father has given me?" Representatives of the Saddu- cean priests and Temple police also were on hand for the arrest near an abandoned oil press on a wooded mountainside outside the city. They even were allowed by the Roman commander to take the bound Jesus before Caiaphas and his associates for questioning prior' (o the trial, probably because of their willing cooperation in the case. Their participation had been helpful, would be additionally useful at the ensuing trial, nnd was worth according some favor in the preliminary stages -a bargain easily on Ihe s'ide of Pilate. . ' But it was I he governor who authorized the complaint, who dispatched Roman troops to make the arrest and whose institution of the case is overwhelmingly confirmed liy his being ready personally jo adjudicate it as the first itj?in of business at an extraordinarily early hour next morning." Tomorrow: The Trial. 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