Idaho Free Press Caldwell News-Tribune, WeAiesday, June Z8, 1967 - 4 BUDGET OF $300 MILLION LIKELY BY 1980 Greater Federal Spending Explosion Is Ahead (Reprinted from the Republican Congressional Committee Newsletter) By MAURICE H. STANS President Eisenhower's Budget Director Current discussion of government fiscal policy seems to center mostly on the ijuestion of Aether a tax increase or less spending would provide the better prescription for tnÂ« economy in 1967. But this Issue of whether the economy canbe managed by "fine tuning" to maintain a constant state of prosperity, however attractive that may be, is only one small facet of a much-larger substance. That larger substance Is the enormous recenl growth of the Federal Government, and of Us taxing and spending, and the long-term direction In which It is taking thÂ« country. There are afewsimple figures that set the stage for these views, and these data come from the President's' 1968 budget now before Congress: -- Since 1960, the population of the United States his grown by 10 per cent; -- Since 1960, the personnel comprising the civilian bureaucracy of the Federal Government has grown by 25 per cent; -- Since I960, the cost of government payrolls, Including military, has grown by 15 percent; - Since 1960, the total of all government spending has grown by more than 33 per cent. Next, to forestall argument, the effect of the Vietnam war on these figures should be identified, and this produces the following: -- The 1968 budget contains $22 billion for Vietnam; - Since I960, Including that $22 billion, expenditures for national defense are up68percenf; Since 1960, non-defense expenditures of the government Â»reup 97 per cent; -- Since I960; expenditures for national welfare and health programs are up 21 per cent. There are a few more color touches to add to this picture: -- The deficits for the eight years since 1960 will total $50 billion and for the decade will probably be about $75 billion. -- The national debt will be up approximately t h e s a m e amounts. -- Forty-two million persons now receive regular checks from the Federal Government -either directly, or from the States under aid programs financed largely with Federal Government funds. From these simple figures, some easy deductions can be made; 1. The major thrust of the higher outgo since 1960 is not /*ie to Vietnam, but is in the civilian non-defense activities of the government. 2, Government spending will more than double during the decade of the 1960s, regardless of the outcome of the Vietnam conflict. 3. There is little likelihood of a balanced budget at any tine in the foreseeable future. 4. There Is a strong probability that government spending will double again in the 1970s, unless a major change in attitude takes place. That means a $300 billion budget In 1980; while this mayseem extreme today, it Is no less likely than 160 billions seemed in 1960! Clearly, a nuclear-size explosion In government spending is ahead. What has transpired up to now is merely a prologue to what will happen in the years to come if these forces are not held in check. There are some possible antidotes. One is for government to abandon the "crash" approach to all the country's problems -the attitude that money in unlimited quantities will solveany- thing overnight. The maximum future of our country and its people will require the slow processes of education, training, research, and development of men and resources. There is no such thing as an instant tomorrow. Another antidote would be a concerted effort to bring under control the proliferation and splintering of Federal programs -- by consolidating, by forebear- ing, by transferring to private sources or to lower levels of government, by helping the states to do more on their own. A new Hoover commission is badly needed. A $300 billion budget by 1980 will provide a lot of government. Do you want that much" PAGE OF OPINION HENRY TAYLOR COMMENTS TODAY'S EDITORIAL Youth Movement Spurs Canada Robots? Not for Us We've come a long way from the little red school house, but we still have Â»long way to go, according to Dr. John I. Goodlad, deÂ»nof the graduate school at the University of California at Los Angeles. He predicts that education will be i lifetime endeavor, with children entering school at the age of two and continuing it all their lives. "The school as a physical entltywlll either change drastically or won't even exist," he predicted. Widespread use of television and otherformsof technology "will make education available without a human be Ing having to give It to you." All this, he says, will come to pass by the 21st century. That's only 33 years awayl It should be recalled that the little red school house produced countless thousands of Intelligent persons, some considered geniuses. Many of the nation's more prominent people attended or taught in such schools. Most of the school buildings presently In use in Canyon County, though highly deplored by so-called educational experts, have been in service longer than an equivalent 33 years. From these structures of brick, stone and steel throughout thenationhavecome thepeo- ple who are now exploring space, putting rockets on the moon, fulfilling our lives with art and music and otherwise making It wonderful to be alive. The end of such a physical system, with i/'jip more, Classmates, no more inter scholastic athletic contests, no more "alma FOREIGN COMMENTARY mater" and no more school spirit this is beyond our comprehension. Under thenewtechnologicalsystem, whoor what would determine what shall comprise the educational curriculum? Dr. Goodlad? . . .the National PTA council?.. .the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare? Who or what will teachachlldtobe honest, to be diligent, to be courteous, to be a Christian? a machine? We know that some teachers are better than others. There is a difference in the teachers' abilities to instill a desire to learn and to present a course in an understandable and interesting manner. But we learn from them.. .little things that inspire courage, brotherly love, empathy or.. .In a nutshell.. .character. It Is in the contact with our fellow man, in the trial and error of seeking and exploring that many of the most profound lessons of life are learned. Should Dr. Goodlad be correct, we foresee a nation of human robots, each moulded Into an animal of specialized use, with mind, body and soul conditioned from the womb to the gr ave to meet the needs of i single area if work or a specific area of endeavor. An education force-fed into a toddler through television or other mechanical means certainly cannot prepare him for the endless wonders, pleasures and crises of an ordinary life as we know it today. Education without the human equation can produce nothing but scholars with no humanity. . .... ..'"Â·'.'Â·,. . What price education? This is not for us. By HENRY J, TAYLOR MONTREAL - One out of every 10 Canadians lives in Mon(real. It Is the world's largest French-speaking city except Paris. And this is a states rights nation -- with a capital S. Ottawa isits Washington.D.C., but the difference In authority are dramatic and reach down to the roots of life in this land of our greatest neighbor. The nation will confidently celebrate its founding -- Expo 67 expresses its 100th birthday -on July 1, the equivalent here to our Fourth of July. But the nation was not born in revolution. By the Peace of Paris (1763) the French gave Canada to England and relinquished Louisiana to the inert hands of a declining Spain. Canada evolved through a series of constitutional processes into what our Canadian friends call confederation, In 1867. The unified Canada, unified shortly after our own Civil War, required a compromise between two political forces -- centralization of power and provincial autonomy. Whereas our federal plan left residual powers to the states, the Canadian plan assigned specific areas of power to the Ottawa central government. As a result, centralized federal power has decreased while it has vastly increased in Washington. Here is a place where three distinct populations -- French- Canadian, British, continental European -- mingle in American-type surroundings. And this fact of three cultural groups gives Canada individuality and helps set our neighbor apart from the all-pervasive civilization of the Uniled States. Now the French-speaking Quebec region is giving the Ottawa government a hard time. French- Canadian culture isn't just the spoken language; it is also the over-all mentality and behavior of the whole group. And the French-Canadians see the states rights federal structure as the only guarantee of their identity. But the nation's growth and diversification have stimulated political strains on the region so severe that they represent the separatist movement we sometimes read about in our newspapers. The new flag enacted for Canada is one manifestation of the confusing tussle. The special imaority position of the French-Canadian region was recognized in the British North American Act. It granted specific Irreducible obligations to the French-speaking province. This equivalent of one of our states (more than twice the size of Texas and larger than France, Spain and Germany combined) retained its unique civil law, the equality of its language in the Ottawa Parliament and the courts and its jurisdiction over its own educational system. It seems hardly understood in our country, but in French- Canadian minds Canada was -and remains today -- not purely a federal union but the product of a pact or treaty guaranteeing each region the inalienable right to its own laws, language, faith and customs. Many other Canadians and British, in turn, seem to recognize some legitimacy in the minority's insistences -- seeing (he problem chiefly in terms of Canada in relation to the United States. Said England's Manchester Guardian recently: "English- speaWrig Canada needs the French, or it, too, outnumbered and undistinguished by a separate (from U. S.) language, might be submerged by the southern giant." The universities are on the march; this province alone has six. McGill's Allan Memorial Institute of Psychiatry and the University of Montreal's Institute of Experimental Medicine and Surgery are probably the most advanced in the world. The system as a whole is buttressed by 15 schools of agriculture, 65 technical institutions and a thriving complex at the elementary and secondary-school level. Canadian leaders such as Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson agree that an ardent realism has grown in the minds of the young pe ople. Clearly, they want to prove by new departures that being French, for example, does not consist only in traditionalat- titudes but must be translate din- to new undertakings and successes adapted to advanced mentalities. This fertilization by its youth is helping to make Canada an idea country and the idea of Expo 67 sprang largely from it. For the real key to Canada today is the youth group in Canada. Expo 67 is much more emotionally tied to this dominant fact than to the nation's 100th birthday. Richmond Has Negro Majority RICHMOND, Va. lUPtt -A study by the University of Virginia reveals that the population of Richmond, which was the capital of the Confederacy, is 51 per cent Negro. The city's total estimated population is 250,000. New Mood Surrounds Talks 'Sew up summery things to wear, for next-to-nothing! Come to our big' Moir k" twin ByPHlLNEWSOM UPI Foreign News Analyst President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexel Kosygin saw their Glassboro meeting as useful. Red Chinese Premier Chou En-lal saw in it a furtherance of a "dirty bargain" between the United States and the Soviet ' Union. And among millions of Americans who watched on their television sets the marathon Kosygin news conference issuing from the basement conference room of the United Nations there was a feeling of disappointment, an emotional let-down when it became clear the two leaders remained far apart on major issues, The feeling of let-down was natural but not wholly justified. Neither leader expected nor could have expected agreement even in some 10 hours of talk on Issues which have divided them for years. Nonetheless, it was important thai the two should meet. Johnson summed it up by saying that a small world had become smaller still--but also "a little less dangerous." For the first time since the late President John F. Kennedy's meeting wlih former Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev in Vienna in 195', leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union had had a chance to meet and size each other up in frank discussion. Grass Roots And the impression, that Kosygin takes home with htm may take many months to show its effects. Noteworthy, was the apparent lack of threats, ultimatums or the bombast as practiced by Khrushchev at Vienna. It was there, as it developed later, that he delivered a six- months ultimatum to Kennedy to get out of Berlin. Opinion WEYAUWEGA, WISC., CHRONICLE: "The next time you impatiently waif few minutes at your gas station, ease your nerves by reflecting on what isln- volved gassing up the car In Russia. . .First, you fill out a questionnaire, go to a government office, buy a coupon book, then you go to a government-owned station to trade coupons for gas. At the stations, which are sparse even In larger cities, you'll have to wait in line for a longtime. Then you guess how much the tank will hold, check the number of coupons, set the pimp dial. . .you manipulate the hose. All the attendant does is collect the coupons." 25 YEARS AGO Nampa will contribute more than 100 tons to the nation's rubber salvage campaign, totals compiled today Indicate. By Friday evening, rubber piles at service stations in and near Nampa totaled 197,080 pounds. Kuna reported an additional 15,364 pounds Friday evening. (June, 1942) V. K. Jeppesen of Nampa filed today for prosecuting attorney. He was appointed on May 12,1941 to fill out the un- expired term of Donald Anderson. (June, 1942) Daughters of Isabella, international Catholic women's organization, Mil organize a circle In Nampa next week, The Nampa circle and one to be organized in Boise area will be the first In Idaho. (June, 1942) HUSTON -- Miss Veda Mae Mcholes was honor guest at a birthday dinner and partyTuesdayevenlngatherhome. Guests Included Miss Mary Margaret Clemroons, Miss Jean Burrell, Miss Lois Miller, Miss Velora Morey, and Mss Leona Bales of Caldwell and Miss Bctly Bales of Caldwell and Miss Betty Canter of Portland. (June, 1942) Seventy-five members of the Baptist Sunday school enjoyed a picnic in Memorial Park in Caldwell Tuesday. W. E. Mils and Clarence Hull each furnished a truck for transportation. After the basket dinner with Mrs. S. D. Ulrich and Mrs. Allen G. Gooder in charge, games were played. Another chapter In the long drawn out controversy between Mayor B. H. Waigand and members of the city council was completed Saturday when District Judge Thomas E. Buckner ruled against the mayor in his suit to collect from the city a $350 attorney fee earned by Frank Klbler in prosecuting the mayor's successful suil to invalidate the appointment last July by the council of Wallace Wakefield as chief of police. (June, 1942) Gene Rodwell of Nampa took the lead In qualifying rounds of the fifth annual American Uglon Junior gold championship tournament, .. Rodwell shot a 15, qualifying for low medalist award. Jay Gregory of Boise was next low with 16. Tying for third and fourth lowest scores were Reid Faylor of Nampa and Bud Sower of Caldwell. (June, 1942) Thirteen carloads of peas moved from southern Idaho Monday. Seven were from Richman and Samuels company, Nampa, which expects to roll as many cars today and the next several days... Sewell Snake River Farms Produce company reported "We never saw the lettuce market hold so consistently good." . . . Lewis Yoder company loaded its first Lambert cherries today. It already has one carload of Blngs on the rails headed for an eastern market. (June, 1942) Nampans between the ages of 18 and 20 registered today at the city hall for future military service not yÂ«l authorized by congress. Shown above arc, left to right, Keith Hartley, being signed up by Mrs. Margaret Harrell; Jack Mattson, Nampa, signing with Miss Leona Myers, and Paul Korn, registering with Mrs. Agnes Winter. (With front pagepicture, June, 1942) Kosygin reiterated the Soviet stand on the Middle East, on Vietnam and on U.S.-Soviet relations--withdrawal of Israeli forces behind 1949 armistice lints, cessallon oi the bombing of North Vietnam and withdrawal of American forces from Vietnam, and future of relations dependent upon both act ions. On Vietnam, Johnson undoub- teoUy reminded the Soviet visitor of repeated U.S. assertions that Ihe bombing would cease the instant the U.S. became convinced the other side also was ready to make concessions. It thus also was important that both agreed they would remain in direct contact on world problems. Kosygin came to the United Nations with his main mission to restore the Soviet Union's damaged image among the Arabs and he steadfastly maintained this stand. But his freedom of movement was limited, both by disarray within his own camp and among the Arabs. Despite reports of heavy new shipments of Soviet arms to the United Arab Republic to replace losses Inflicted by the Israelis, it remains probable the Soviets still have not make up their minds about the next step. The Russians like payment for value received and President Gamal Abdel Nasser has not proved a very good credit risk. Romania's refusal to endorse the Soviet stand creates a further problem. Among the Arabs old splits are reappearing and some are even indicating they would agree lo direct negotiations with Israel. Today's Thought By H. B. DEAN "So the Lord was with Joshua; and his fame was noised throughout all Ihe country." Joshua 6:27 The Lord has pledged himself to be with the man who keeps his heart in the work and his eyes on the promised land. "God is no respecter of persons." When we meet the conditions, we can expect His company. 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