Tribune Editorial Page Opinion - Analysis - Interpretation OREELEY (Colo.) TRIBUNE Wed., April 18,1W73 Page 4 Pause and Ponder For by thy words thou shall be justified, and by thy words thou shall be condemned.' Matthew 12:37 U.S. needs more than pipeline The U.S. Supreme Court has left it to Congress to decide whether a law limiting the width of right-of-way that can be used for a pipeline crossing federal property shall be relaxed for the sake of getting oil to market from the North Slope of Alaska. This sets the stage for a congressional debate on whether the proposed pipeline route should be followed at all, or whether some alternate means of transporting the oil should be developed, possibly requiring the cooperation of Canada. The Alaskan pipeline controversy illuminates a problem that should concern Congress more than the rather irrelevant question of whether a 150-foot right-of-way should be permitted in cases where the statu- . tory 50-foot limit is not enough. That problem is our nation's reliance for fuel on resources that are becoming increasingly difficult to obtain and progressively more . vulnerable to the will of foreign governments. The North Slope oil reserves are not limitless. None of the world's natural resources is. While the ulti- mate exhaustion of fossil fuels, dictates that we switch to nuclear energy to generate electric power, we also face the fact that even our reserves of nuclear fuel have a cut-off point. The Atomic Energy Commission estimates that the 1.625 million tons of domestic uranium reserves in the United States of America will be exhausted in the 1990s. That would send us abroad searching for uranium, just the way we are searching for petroleum today. The answer to this dilemma lies in the fast-breeder nuclear reactor, which will produce more fuel than it consumes and will stretch out the utilization of our uranium reserves almost indefinitely. While Congress must approach the Alaskan oil issue in terms of our immediate petroleum needs, it should be equally concerned with support of the technological developments which can lessen our dependence on the fuel that must cross the seas or foreign territory to reach us. Into the twilight By JOSEPH ALSOP WASHINGTON - "We are in the deepening twilight of the fossil fuel age." Such is the.message now going to all senators and representatives from the Congressional Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. It is a ghastly message. From our jobs to our price structure, just about every aspect of every American's daily life squarely depends on lavish expenditure of inexpensive fossil fuels. The immediate sign of this twilight we are entering, because this kind of lavish, cheap expenditure is beginning to be impossible, is what is misleadingly called the energy crisis. The phrase is not misleading because there is no energy crisis. It is only misleading because the crisis involves so much more than mere high gas prices and rationing of automotive gasoline. It involves unending inflation, because of continuous loss of value of the U.S. dollar. It even involves the end of the United States as a great power in the world. These are the unavoidable penalties of vast, annually increasing imports of foreign oil to cover our vast, annually increasing energy deficit. What, then, can be done about it? The answer, again, is ghastly. Here is a short list of measures that it is now urgent to take. ITEM: To increase domestic oil production, open the entire continental shelf to oil production, including the whole of the Atlantic Coast, the Gulf of Mexico and the Santa Barbara Channel. Also double the present use of federal lands for oil production. ITEM: To get more natural gas, remove all controls on natural gas prices, especially at the wellhead -thereby giving the needed incentives for, drilling much deeper and more costly wells. ITEM: Invest something like $15 billion to increase output of geothermal and hydroelectric energy by the approximate equivalent of 100 Hoover Dams. -For this, bite the ugly bullet, too, that the needed big increase in hydroelectric energy will call for big dams in national parks, wilderness areas and even the Grand Canyon. ITEM : Make enormous investments in oil production from our invaluable oil shale reserves. But again, bite the ugly bullet that large-scale exploitation of oil shale will make horribly heavy calls upon scarce water resources and will also necessitate digging up vast areas of western landscape -- although some of the possible processes permit the landscape to be put back again later on. Greeley Daily Tribune And The Greeley Republican Published every week day evening by the Tribune-Republican Publishing Co. Office, 7H Ith St.. Greeley, Colo., 10131, Phone 351-0211. ITEM: Gel the equivalent of 50 Hoover Dams from solar energy exploitation -but for this require almost all home heating and cooling in the sunny Southwest to be converted to solar energy. ITEM: Then build 1,000 nuclear power plants of 100 megawatts each between 1980 and the year 2000 -- with plants going in at a rate of more than one a week after 1985. As of now, a single 100-megawatt plant costs about $1 billion. Yet we have to go from the baseline of today, when bur nuclear power production equals the national output of energy from fire-wood, to a new stage where a very large share of the total'energy we consume will be nuclear in origin. "Ghastly," then, is a modest word for the kind of steps the joint congressional committee is listing for its horrified audience on Capitol Hill. But just consider the present, quite natural fury over high prices and inflation. Even food prices would be drastically lower today if we had not already been forced to devalue our dollar so often. The devaluations were forced upon us, in turn, because we were buying abroad far more than we could sell. In short, our payments were unbalanced. So consider the following trade-offs. First, if the Alaska pipeline had been prompyly built when the great Alaska oil field was found, we should today be saving more than $2 billion per year on the balance of payments. Second, if exploitation of the Santa Barbara Channel had been pressed forward despite the famous oil slick, we should again be saving about $2 billion on the balance of payments. Third, removing tetraethyl lead from gasoline and otherwise cleaning up automobile exhausts is already costing about $1.5 billion on the balance of payments. So there you have some of the price of increasing oil imports. We can have nonstop inflation because of permanently recurring dollar devaluation -- which is now the prospect. Or we can stop trying to have our cake and eat it, too, and we can begin to worry about trade-offs. This can mean a lot of other unpalatable things such as putting refineries and deep-water ports where they are unwelcome. Yet we cannot have it both ways. We are lucky, nonetheless. For the long pull, we have a better chance of getting on top of the energy problem than the Western Europeans or the Japanese. But for the moment, this seems a thin consolation. Copyright 1973, Los Angeles Times View from abroad MILDRED I1ANSKN I.EOG. KOKNIG JAKE ESTRICK JR ROBFRT WIDI.UND A. I.. PBTERSEN JAMKS W. POPPE Publisher lluilnnn Mftr. Clrc. MRr. Editor Adv. MRr. y . . Supl. Stcondclaii imtaH MM il CreeHy. CeH. SÂ»Â«tcrlptlÂ«nrateMJÂ»4f minnY Mtfflktr of ttM Allocated Preil, Cep. toy Newi Service, Ceferado Prtll Ann., Intend Dally Pren Ann., Audit Bureau of Circulation. IliMl It DM TrllwiM.ltepvth'can Put. NiMitf Ce. *y Ornky TyM al UftkMl N0. 5M. LONDON ( A P ) -- Israel's daring commando raid agaist the Palestinian guerrillas in the heart of Beirut came under criticism last week in some foreign papers. Foreign editors also commented on the continued American role in Cambodia and President Nixon's request to Congress for new powers to regulate trade. The London Observer called the Israeli raid, in which three guerrilla leaders were killed, a "tragic escalation ... ( w h i c h ) weakens the prospects of a Middle East peace settlement." The London Times declared: "Israel provides the unusual spectacle of a liberal democracy practicing coun- lerlerror as a matter of policy." "Foreign countries do not appreciate Black September, but nor do they appreciate Israeli agents committing murder on their streets," The Times continued. The Hungarian newspaper Magyar Nemzet echoed sentiments expressed in the Arab press, criticizing the raid and commenting that without American military and economic aid the attack could not have been carried out. The London Sun declared, however, that "it is easy to condemn eye-for-cye tactics, but before any condemnation Ict^s remember this: Israel is doing s o m e t h i n g p r a c t i c a l in response to terror. Nobody else is doing anything." Nixon's message t o Congress last week asking for new powers to fluctuate trade harriers was approved by most of the British press. "It gives the impression of being even-handed," the Ixindon Times said, explaining that Iho legislation would give Nixon powers to lake protective trade measures as well as reduce trade barriers. "It comes down firmly on Ihe side of freer trade," (he Times said, however, ami expressed fear that "Ihe protectionist lobbies awaiting In the wings ... will continue to harp eloquently on the special needs of their own folk at home." The London Daily Telegraph said Nixon is making "the best of a bad job" by seeking "to pacify at the same time an increasingly protectionist domestic opinion and the needs of the Western world as a whole for freer trade ... " In South America, Jornal do Brasil in Rio de Janeiro said Nixon's proposals would give American businessmen more efficiency in international dealings and that Brazil "will be one of the biggest benefactors." On Cambodia, the Economist, the British weekly, said "what happens there will help to determine whether or not a non-Communist government can survive in Saigon." The Ijindon Daily Telegraph commented: "Wish it as he may. President Nixon still cannot get his fingers clear of the Indochina gluepot. The implications of the complete seizure of Cambodia by forces loyal to Hanoi alone are serious enough to merit a joint political effort by Washington and Peking to avoid it." So This h if- Greeley By Jim Briggs THOUGHT FOR TODAY -- "The dynamism, enthusiasm and idealism of youth are wonderful and should be encouraged. However, wisdom also is valuable. Jesus worked and studied until he was 30 before he challenged the establishment." -- Gaylord Morrison. LIVE PETS AND EASTER -- I agree 100 per cent with Tom Connell, who, when he isn't practicing law, serves as president of the Weld County Humane Society, and is discouraging parents from giving live baby chicks, ducks and rabbits for Easter presents. "The animals are very young and frail and are not to be handled like toys," Connell says, "and when treated as such they do not live for more than a few days." Connell also came up with something else that I didn't know about. "Not only is the animal's health endangered hy mauling and improper care, but also families should be warned that many of these animals are disease carriers. They can cause severe gastrointestinal infection called 'Salmonellosis.' This infection is serious and can result in hospitalization. The family pet also is likely to contact this disease," Connell warns. "The spirit of Easter teaches kindness to all creatures," Connell said. "Please support the Humane Society's efforts to promote kindness to all living things." ' died a few years ago. It was written by Laurie E. Dawson and is entitled "My Easter Garden": In my garden Easter Day I see the sunrise with its ray, Kiss the lilies by the stream . . . How pure and white the blossoms seem. I 'see the dew that bathes the face Of stately blooms so full of grace, And listen for the birds to sing The glory of the risen King. I see the dawn creep o'er the hill, And every plant and bird is still, The sunrise comes with golden ray To bless my garden Easter Day. THE NICKNAME -- Larry Sears tells the story about an engineer who was filling out an application blank for work. The application form asked for "Nicknames ~or other names by which you receive mail." His answer: "Occupant." I remember back a few years when my boys, Jim and Ken were little guys, and a buddy of mine thought he was doing us a big favor when he gave the boys a couple of baby ducks for Easter. They were cute little things when they were little, but as all living things do, especially ducks, they grew and grew and grew. Man, I'm telling you our back yard was one big mess! So early one Sunday morning, like about 5 o'clock I sneaked out and put the ducks in the car and drove to City Park Lake in Denver to turn them loose. When I arrived at the lake, there were quite a few cars, and the reason they were there was because there were quite a few fathers, like myself, to turn loose the ducks that their kids got for Easter. A PETE SMYTHE SPECIAL -- Pete Smythe told a few knee-slappers at the luncheon meeting of the Weld County Cancer Crusade last Friday, and the one that "brought down the house," according to Jim Craig, had to do with a rich farmer who came into town with the bib overalls and boots and straw hat, and stopped by the Cadillac agency. After looking over a few cars, and kicking the tires, he asked a disinterested salesman how much one Cadillac was. "$10,000,"' was the reply. "How much for cash?" asked the farmer. "You'd get five per cent off," sneered the salesman. With that, the farmer said he'd have to think about it, and went across the street to a restaurant. Not being too good with arithmetic he was trying to figure out what five per cent of $10,000 was, so he asked the waitress: "How much would you take off for five per cent of $10,000?" And she answered sweetly: "Would my earrings be in the way?" MY EASTER GARDEN -- Speaking of Easter, I'd like to share with you an Easter poem my little wife and I found among her mother's treasures after she LUCY'S 1 CALL -- Lucy called to recite a little poem, which is kinda cute, I think. Once there was a cautious gal Who never romped or played. She never drank, she never smoked From the path she never strayed. So when she passed away they say Insurance was denied, For since she never lived. They claimed she never died. 'THEY SAW THAT THE STONE WAS ROLLED AWAY Current Quotes By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS "I'd tell the senators some things they never heard in their life." -Martha Mitchell, wife of former Ally. Gen. John N. Mitchell, in expressing hopes that she would be called as a witness by a Senate committee investigating the break-in and bugging at Democratic national headquarters in Washington's Watergate complex. "The people are going to make history in Oakland. I'm going to win in a landslide." -- Black Panther Chairman Bobby Scale, a Democratic candidate for mayor of Oakland in today's election. "We have not heard the end of these Issues." - Chairman Wright I'nlmnn, D-Tcx., of the House Banking Committee after the chamber refused to freeze rents, interest rates and prices at current levels and instead granted President Nixon an extension of his wage-price controls authority. "My conclusion ... was that the war would not end until the Congress shared this information." -- Pentagon papers trial codefendanl Daniel Kllsberg, e x p l a i n i n g on Ihe witness stand why he copied Ihe lop secret study of U.S. involvement in Vietnam. "The farm workers in Ihe Conchclla Valley have made it u n m i s t a k a b l y clear they want UFWU. The Teamsters have muscled in at Ihe request of the growers, not Ihe workers, in nn obvious conspiracy lo destroy our union...." -United Farm Workers Union lender Cesar Chavez, urging n mass exodus of grape workers from the California vnlley following n Teamsters announcement il has won contracts away from the I,)FWU. X-ray laser predi By BOB CORBETT ; ^ Copley News Service "**% A Buck Rogers kind of X-ray laser, capable of knocking missiles out of the sky or investigating the atomic structure of man's genetic makeup may be available within five years. This prediction was made byj'Dr. Thomas A. Boster, a deputy group leader at the Lawrence Livermore La|5ora- tory, during the annual spring meeting of the American Physical Society. Boster said scientists are working "feverishly" on the project in. Such prominent institutions as the'. ; |BeH Laboratories, Sandia LaboratorieijLos Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Uver- more and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. .^fj The advantage of an X-ray laser-over current optical lasers, he said, lies in its power to penetrate material. .'"' An optical laser is a device that uses the natural oscillations of atoms to-generate "coherent" light having waves in phase and of the same wavelength. "Masers" do the same with microwave radiation. Similarly, an X-ray0aser would emit X radiation "in stepÂ£' The trick, he indicated, will "be to channel X rays into a coherent beam as lasers do with light. . Â·,-. "This discovery and its perfection will open an entire new field in the physical sciences," he said. "It is expected that this 'hard' X-ray laser will be produced within the next five years." i Referring to the failure of one, such effort at the University of Utah, Boster said subsequent evaluation of experiments there showed that what had tieen thought to be evidence of achievihg'X- ray coherence was misleading. "It is unfortunate that this attempt to produce an X-ray laser was unsuccessful, as this is the Buck Rogers ray gun of comic book fame,"he said. "Itcould be used as a weapon and would be invaluable in the study of biological-cells and crystal structure. Other applfca- 'tions include cancer therapy, communications, material inspection and'fab- rication, three-dimensional X-ray photographs and even an X-ray microscope." For example an X-ray laser would be useful in cancer therapy because it could be used in a pinpoint attack against an internal tumor without much damage to surrounding tissue. ^.' It could also be used to develop,atj,X- ray microscope that could "see.'' the atomic structure of things like , the deoxyribonucleie acid (DNA) rh'ple- cule, which contains the genetic inheritance of each cell of the body. '-'Â·" In semiconducting material, the Xray laser could see the atomic structure of materials. '.-.Boster said this is because its.very short wavelength of 100 angstroms would be able to define one atom,from another. An angstrom is about 200-iiul- lionths of an inch. "'.'.' From a military standpoint, he said, an X-ray laser could destroy an in6om- ing warhead simply by penetrating its skin and "messing up its inner workings." Current lasers can penetrate metal, he explained, but must do so by physically "eroding" the material, a process that takes a relatively long time compared to the instant penetration of the X ray. '.' Today in history By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Wednesday, April 18,. the 108th day of 1973. There are 257;, : ijays left in the year. Today's highlight in history: Â·Â· On this date in 1775, Paul Revere made his famous ride from Boston to warn: "The British are coming." 1 ''' 1 On this date: In 1847, U.S. forces under Gen. Winfield Scott captured Cerro Gordo Hill, the first point of resistance on Scott's march on Meiico City. In 1906, San Francisco was hit by an earthquake. The quake and fires destroyed half the city. -''Â·'Â· In 1942, in World War II, an'-'air squadron led by Lt. Gen. James Doolittle look off from Ihe aircraft carrier Hornet and attacked Tokyo and other Japanese cilies. In 1945, war correspondent 'EVnie Pyle was killed during fighting on an island off Okinawa. In 1946, the League of Nations officially went out of existence. In 1955, physicist Alberl Einsteih'died in Princeton, N.J. He was 70. Ten years ago: Dr. James",'B. Campbell of the New York University Medical Center announced the first successful transplant of nerve sections from one person to another. Five years ago: The United Slates suggested 10 places where cease- fire talks with Norlh Vietnam m'ighl be held. One year ago: U.S. Secretary'' of Defense Melvin Laird said Ihe mining of Norlh Vietnam's Haiphong harbor could not be ruled out as long as'"the North Vietnamese carried oul offensive operations In Soiilh Vielnnm. Today's b i r t h d a y s : Condtlfctor lioopold Slokowski Is !t\ yours ''t)ild. Aclor and producer Robert tlobtfs' Is 30, ' ' '
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