PÂ»Â«e 16 GREELEY TRlliUNE Monday, Dec. 19, 1955 Aswan Dam Support Is Offered by Britain and U. S. as Part of Cold War in Middle East WASHINGTON tp - The United Stales nd Britain countered Rus- ill's Mid-East political offensive Silurday with a 70 million dollar Â«ffer to help Egypt begin building Â·ne of history's greatest dams at Aswan on the upper Nile Diver. ; The two Western powers further assured the Egyptian government that they are prepared'to put up more money--pnssibily another 130 million--to earry forward the project lifter the first phase of work is well started. This latter pledge is subject to approval by Congress. The construction.of a great dam at Aswan--it would he three miles long, 355 feel high and create the greatest man-made lake in the world--has long been an Egyptian dream. The Western powers have considered assisting in the work for several years but their studies were speeded up by Russia's wooing of the Arab world and particularly by Communist Czechoslovakia's agreement to sell arms to Egypt. Â· Â· The Western powers decided a g a i n s t engaging in an arms race with the Heels in the Middle East but determined that by economic means they could seek to beat the Russian game. Officials regard the Aswan dam offer as spectacular evidence of We'slern willingness to work with a Middle Kaslcrn coun- Invites People Here To Get $50 to $1500 Holiday Cash Now A ppecial "Holiday Money" plan is now being offered by the local office of Aetna Finance Co. ' . ' Worthy families and individuals can gel 5100 to ?1500 at once, for shopping or other needs.. "Everyone here and in nearby towns is invited," said the Aetna manager. "Good credit is all that's needed. And those wishing to come in after work or at night may phone ahead." Interested persons are invited to see or phone the Aetna office. (Adv.) try in building up its'- -actfuI economy and raising the living standards of its people. By Western standards the lot of thq Egyptian fellah, or peasant, whose ' ancestors built the pyramids, has been an extremely hard one for 5,000 years. Undersecretary of State Herbert Hoover Jr., who directed develop menl of Ihe deal within the American government, and British Ambassador Sir-Roger Makins, gave word of the offer late Friday in Abdcl Moncin El Kalsouni, Egyptian minister of finance. Eugene Black, president of the World Bank, advised Kaisouni that the bank was very favorable' toward the whole project. World Bank fi nancing at a later stage is essen tial lo carry through the $1,300,- 000,000Â· construction program. . - Kaisouni left Saturday by way of New York and London for Cairo where he will present the .Western offer to the Egyptian government of Premier Carnal abdel Nasser. It was understood that Kaisouni personally was pleased with Ihe offer but the reaction of the Cairo government, . which has wanted outside help to build Ihe dam, was not indicated by him. Russia is reported t o ' h a v e offered to furnish all outside assistance to the Egyptians under a 50 year loan at 2'/4 per cent interest. Nasser has assured American officials In the past'that while he was ready to buy arms anywhere, because of Arab hostility toward Israel, he would not-allow a build- u p ' o f Communist influence In his country. . . . ^ . The gigantic Aswan D a m , engineers estimate',' will take 15 lo 18 years to build, ft will create a lake three limes the size of the largest reservoir so far built up by a m a n made structure--Lake Mead behind the Hoover D a m . . The water stored by the Aswan barrier would convert 1,300,000 acres of arid land into tillable soil for Ihe first lime and assure a dependable water supply to 700,000 acres now irregularly' irrigated. Th'o effect would-be lo increase Egypt's agricultural land total by 33 per cent, tn addition, the waters of the dam would generate 750 kilowatts of electrical capacity, almost equal to SO per cent of the DRIVE A SAFE CAR lolal capacity now nviilablf la ' Make It Safe For The Holidays With Safety Repairs From GOLD'S At Low Prices Â· BrakÂ« Lining Â· Brake Fliid Â· All Brake Paris Â· Auto Horns Â· Truck Flares, Flags, Fises Â· Windshield Wipers and Blades Â· Exhaust Pipes Â· Mufflers Â· Tail Pipes Â· Tail Lights Â·Tail Lighi Lenses Â· Slop Light Switches Auto and Truck Class G O L D ' S AUTO PARTS AND SUPPLIES llth St. at 6th Ave. 367 State Department officials ; said tliis probably would bo Ihe greatest- single construction over undertaken so far as they. knew. In tlie land o[ the pyramids, great projects arc not with precedent, but Ifte huge Aswan Dam would dwarf even, tho, lombs of flic Pharoahs^ . l Mongolian People's, Republic Closed off' From World 31 Years . WASHINGTON - Outer. Mongolia, land, of Genghis Klian-rwil'd as its warrior history, cold as a Siberian bliizard, remote as the Gobi wastes--stands forth again for admission to the United .Nations. ' - Â· Â· ' . The Mongolian People's Â· Republic, back door between Â· China and Soviet Russia, has been closed off from the outside' world for 31 years, Ihe National Geographic Society says. V^ry litt) is known of its life today, a strange mixture of nomads ami modern cilies, huge .livestock, herds and increasing literacy! Both area and population are vague: an estimated 800,000 people in a- vast Melinite tract of mountains, grasslands, and dessert covering some 500,000 square miles. They own' more 'animals per por- son^32.1 a t ' l a s t ' c o u n t -- t h a n any other nation on earth. ' :. Yurt* on tht Sttpp* Across 'their high wind-swept plateau, or steppe, most of the -Mongolian Republic's people still live in tents, light cloth shelters in s u m m e r and heavier fcfl-covercd yiirts in winter, much like Navajo hogans. - Fires in Ihe yurls burn smokilyi for dried dung is the only fuel on the iron-hard plains, through winters that can go to 40 below, now-legged M o n g o l horsemen warm themselves Irom wooden bowls -of hot kumiss, n rancid concoction of'Jcrmented mare's milk, tea r and salt. Their short shagny-haired Mongolian ponies arc fast and lough, at h o m e equally in prairie, rock- lopped mountains, and desert. Horse racing is the national sport. The Mongol system of racing, however, uses a- to 10-year-old jockeys, the smaller the belter, and sends them off full tilt for 20 to 30 miles cross-country. Outer Mongolia has seen many changes sinc.e lh.b republic emerged in 192-4 after Ilic death of the Living Budda of Urga. A recent British visitor to Ulan Balpr, the capital, brought back photographs of a modern city of 100,000 inhabitants and white-columned government" buildings. Only one school existed in the entire country in; 1924; there now are hundreds. Modern veterinary stations and hay-cutting cooperatives aid herdsmen, A wide-gauge railroad crosses Mongolia: from Russia to China, auto roads link Ulan'Ba'ior with the 18 provinces^ there, is air*service from Soviet cities' to (.hejnorth. . ' TtmujTn thÂ« Conqueror, Froni v this land 750 years igo burst the greatest troublemaker, of Bncicnt Asia. Temujin, Genhis Khan, having -become supreme ruler of all Mongols In 1206,: conquered ' an empire surpassing al] other's in history. It reached from the' Pacific to the Caspian Sea. Fantastic palaces rose at Kara- korum, now a sand-covered -ruin in Ihe Gobi. The Golden Horde .established a Mongal state on the Volga. Kublai Khan, iifting'lhe empire to its highest glory, shifted its seat to Pciping. Mongol power eventually.fell before the Ming dynasty in China, and Outer Mongolia split off. In 1S91 it came under loose Manchu control, lasting until the Chinese revolution. .Mougal revolutionaries followed the .Bolshevik fead and in 1921 threw out the /Chinese for the last time. ' Since 192, the Mongolian Republic h a s ' b e e n a Soviet satellite in economy and .foreign relationships --of'which there have been few. In 1947 it was proposed for United Nations 'membership, was rejected. Now" the country of the khans seeks entrance again.' USI'THE TRIBUNE WANT ADS Old Fire lErtgine IT STILL WORKS -- Maine firemen try out'a'nchnt firÂ«' By B I L C L A N G Z E T T E L POHTLAND, Maine Ul-One of America's earliest fire engines, a late Ib'ih century handtub still works. With two brawny firemen pumping, the little wooden iim-hiue delivered 75 gallons a minute through its original leather libse. It was shipped from Philadelphia lo Maine,' at least ,155 years aeo. But uo one knows its exact age, L*. Woodbury H. Ridley saVs. It is he property of Mrs. Langdon Marvin. The fire department here borrowed it for a demonstration, .. The machine rolls on solid wooden wheels. Its double-action pump can be operated by two men. Several others man 'a bucket brigade keeping the water supply tank full. What Ridley can't understand is low the leather hose has remained iupple ami tight all these years. He ays it is hand-riveted, with rivets every eighth o( an inch. Home Work HGRMOSII.LO. Mexico (fl -- Con- Tact farm .laborers here are required 16 work about two weeks n Mexican cotton fields before they ire allowed .a permit to leave 'he country for harvesting in Hie United States. Officials said so many ^workers want to gp north for the US harvest -- where the pay is higher -hat not enough are left lo bring 'n the- Mexican cotton. ^ C. C, Pre'sidenl Certain U. 5. Can Oujsirii? Soviel in Al! Cfe'aitve, Endeavor DENVER Of) - Russia may'out- produce' America in such "matters as engineers and even'machines, but ' this - country could always come put a h e a d ' b y turning 'out belter creative intelligences, sjys Dr. Louis T. Hcnezcl. The president of Colorado College in Colorado Springs 'made 'a case for the realistic values'of .a liberal arts edueatjon b e f o r e ' * Denver civic Â· club- Friday. ' . ' "Fifty thousand Russian engineers were graduated last yen is against America's ''23,000,"- said Bcnezet.- "Shall we bÂ« pushed off the niap a n d ' s h o u l d we perhaps enact laws requiring- students to take engineering? ' ' : . "The slave state can always outpace us in certain ways but we can win by free enterprise--not of production b u t - o f the brain!L Machine's can only : serve." Â·-' , ; - . . Throughout Ihe United States there are 2,725 liberal arts colleges, Beh'ezel said that "in .this region they are a rarity, with only t h r e e Â·-- 'Regis, Lorelto Heights (both of Denver) and Colorado'Col- lege." Â· : Â· Â· : Â· Â· 'Â·. This, said Benezet,' builds tip a situation where many know the She'll tHarik you Mid ni 1 by M I D N I G H T . Cologne 2 oz.; Blue Ice Stick Cologne 2^ or.; Hand End Bud? Lolion 2 oz. The let... TH1IE WAYS TO MIDNISHT SCENTED GIAMOUI. Cologne 8 07-; D u s l i n r P o n d e r 4 V oz. with p u R ; Hand and Body all year long for TWO MIDNIGHT Ttf ATI. Co- logr.e Boz.; Dusting Powder, with lamb's *ool puff, 4Mi bi. T ' H M U X U K I O U I O I F T . . . I N MATCHINO MIDNIGHT KfHT. Cologne 8 w.; Dulling Powder 4Vi oz. nil!) puff; Hand ar.d Bodjr Lotion 6 oz.; Lip-, stick; PerfmnÂ« VU1 1 dram.' Your Rexall Start GILBERT-BISHOP DRUG CO. 8Zfl E i g h f h Street libfral arU college "Â«Â· the place whtrf they don't have Â· good football team,-, a dwelling lor 'old geezers who couldn't stand the pace of .iVstate university." .' Benezct said the meaning of i liberal iris college ,Is ,"one that e,mpha.siz'eVjt breadth of ideas and. experience, 'with the major spec- ialty cut to a. practicable minimum. Â· Â· Â· '.\ , , ; 'Â· " T h e - a l m s - w e tpbnior have le ' do with .basic skills *nd undw- standihg of, the world and of itian himself--the-hardest o f - a l l - t o - V i - derstand. We'try to give the biÂ«iÂ» for Intelligent thought .andiaction in any sphere." J ' ' ' ' '.' Science Shrinks Piles New Way Without Surgery Fmdi HeaBni Subtlanc. Th.t Doe* Both- TÂ«*', -first tUne science has found Â· new fceahnij substance Â»i(h the astonishing ability to shrink hemorrhoids Â»nd to relieve, psin-without surgery. 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