Astronauts Set to Leave Moon Orbit for Trip Back By HOWARD BENEDICT AP Awospic* Writer SPACE CENTER, Houston AP) -- Apollo 16's explorers 're out of lunar orbit tonight to fart the long journey home with a treasure ship of rocks lat scientists believe will rove the moon long ago was vracked by volcanoes. The major finds came Sun- ay, on the third moon drive hat almost was canceled be- lause Mission Control felt the islronauls might be tired and iressed for time as a result of heir late landing Thursday light. They return with 245 pounds jf materials which represent lerhaps the oldest and most ignifleant samples yet collected on the lunar surface. Locked nsMe are secrets of how the Tioon was born more than four jillion years ago. Got Everything Geologists are certain that RODEO ROYALTY -- 1972 Rodeo Queen Diane Schwalm, left; poses prettily with her lady-in-waiting, DeAnn Kay Swel- zig. John Chlanda served as queen chair- man of the Greeley Rodeo Committee, and Bill Farr, chairman of the Rodeo Committee, presented the new queen a bouquet of roses, (Photo for the Tribune by Walt Clark) Diane Schwalm Chosen Queen of 1972 Rodeo By JIM BRIGG5 Tribune Staff Writer A Â· 19-year-old University of Northern Colorado English major was named Queen of the Greeley Independence Stampede for 1972, at Island Grove Park Saturday afternoon. She is Diane Schwalm, daughter;of Mr. arid Mrs. Calvin Schwalm of Johnstown, De- Ann^Kay'Swetzig, 17, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Swelzig, 2036 Buena Vista Dr., was chosen lady-in-waiting. She is a student at West High School. Melody Leftwich, last year's rodeo queen, attended the judging Saturday, and was the first to congratulate Miss Sehwalm as she pinned on the sash designating her as the new queen. Miss Schwalm,'who will'feign over the 50th anniversary of'the rodeo, is a 1970 graduate of South Vietnamese In Highlands Rout SAIGON. (AP) - Spearheaded by tanks, a North Vietnamese division smashed the northern idelenses of Kontum City in the central highlands today and drove South Vietnamese forces as far back as 15 miles. New air and sea battles erupted deep inside North Vietnam, in the Gulf of Tonkin and the Gulf of Siam. The highlands defense line of Tan'Canh and Dak To 25 miles north of Konlum crumbled under the enemy onslaught and a new line was being formed 10 miles north of the provincial capital, said to be the ultimate objective in the 26-day-old North Vietnamese offensive. Not since the opening day of the offensive, when thousands of North Vietnamese troops stormed across the demilitarized zone to attack Quang Tri Province, has the enemy made such advances. A radio mess-is; was sent out to the scattered enJ badly battered sdulh Viso iruese 22nd Imanlry Division, v.'hich had its firward command post at Tan Canh and a regimental com- n-.and post at Dak To, to puh back to a new da 1 msive line at Inside The Tribune : (34 Pages} Abby - 15 Alsop 4 Amusements 28 Boyle's Column 26 Classified Pages 32-34 Comics 26 Crossword :- 26 Editorial Page - 4 Heloise- 24 Horoscope __ 24 Hospital dismissals 10 Letters to Tribune 4 Markets __ 35 Obituaries , 6 So This Is Greeley 20 TV and radio .logs _.._ 26 Weather 10 Women's Pages 15-lfi, 21-25 Today's Press Run: 17,451 . Vo Dinh on Highway 14. This is twit 15 miles south of Tan )ar.n and about ',0 miles north 01 Kontum. Other lesser bases and town crumbled in the patt ' the North Vietnamese on- Dcspite the erMk-al silualkn n the highlands, hundreds of 3;;ulh Vietnamese pm-atroopers vt-rt being puilj.1 out of Kon- um Province and being deployed lo the Saigon region lo beef up defenses. Hani;,v units were from irnlhern Quant Tri Province lo the highlands ir a reshuffling of thinly spreac government forces. The Saigon command claimed more than 200 Nortl Vietnamese troops were killet it fighting Sunday on the north ern front below the demili- arizcd zone and at An Loc, 60 miles north of Saigon. Three enemy tanks and three South Vietnamese armored vehicles were reported destroyed in a ank battle west of Dong Han 0 miles below the DMZ, anc wo more were reported de stroyed a half mile east of An Loc the provincial capital un der siege for three weeks. In the air war, the U.S. Command said, about 10 surface-to air missiles were fired at B52 strategic b o m b e r s raiding North Vietnam. One of the oombers sustained what the command termed "minor battle damage." John Paul Vann, senior American adviser in the high- ands, made three trips in a telicopter to personally direct the evacualion of nine American advisers from Tan Cann, Ihe forward headquarters of the South Vietnamese 22nd Infantry Division--the first position to fall. In the process, two helicopters were shot up but Vann was not injured. Weather NORTHEAST COLORAO -Fair tonight, increasing cloudiness and windy Tuesday; Warmer through Tuesday; south to southcusl winds 10 to 25 miles Roosevelt High School. In addi- lion to her interest in horse ihowmanship and performance she plays the piano and clarine and enjoys reading and writing welry. "I'm really thrilled, to be chosen for this honor," she said," and I am looking forwan o all the events coming- u; ivhere I will represent the Ir d e p e n d e n c e Stampede a n "Jreeley." Other queen contestants wer Uargee Sue Bibbey, Aims Co! lege; Mary J. Bright, Aims Co: lege; Krin Brunelli, UNC; Pal ricia Lynn Copelarid, Aims Co! lege; Joy Christine Dudley Grecley Central High School 'Cileen Mae Garrison, Greele Central; Cindy Gilbaugh, UNC Donna Grace, West; Debie Pearson of Kersey; Karen Has mussen, Highland High School Twyla L. Stecklein, Eaton Hig School; Shirley S. Sterling, Gree ley; Cathy Taggart, Eaton Higl School; Sfacey Westrack, Un; versity High School; Marsh; May Younglund, Prairie Hig School. The girls were judged poise, personality, appearanc and horsemanship. pre- ared to head back to planet arth, scientists and geologists n the ground had high praise or their work on the surface and in orbit. "I believe we got everything ;e went, for," said Dr. Tony England, a scientist-astronaut ,'ho was capsule communicator luring much of the flight. "It was'an outstanding suc- ess--really crowning achievement for tlie Apollo 10 crew," aid flight controller Pete "ranks. Tlie main goal was lo find 'olcanic evidence as (hey drove heir moon car over Ihe Des- arles plateau and on and around Stone Mountain. Experts here believe that evidence s tucked away in tlie carefully locumcnled sample bags the as- ronauts are bringing home. They base this on extremely 'ohn W Young, Charles M. Juke Jr. and Tlwmas K. Mal- ingly got everything they ought during man's fifth moon anding mission, primarily the volcanic evidence. The astronauts trigger the command ship Casper's big en- ine at 9:16 p.m. tonight to be;in the 66-hour, 240-mile voyage ack to earth. Splashdown is scheduled Thursday in the Pacific Ocean. The spacemen were awakened this morning after an eight-hour rest to begin the ask of moving their hoard ol Â·ocks, soil and movie and slil" lira from the lunar module to he command ship. Later today, the lunar ship vill be jettisoned to crash on he moon to excite a seismiL device left there by Young anc Duke. "How's your writing ham :his morning," Mission Contro asked as it began reading up a long list of flight plan revisions ".Wait, 'til I get the sleep ou of my eyes," replied Matiingly The three astronauts were reunited Sunday night afte Young and Duke blasted off th moon in the cabin section of th lunar ship Orion and skillfull maneuvered il to a linkup tw hours later with Maltingly i Casper. "What a ride! What a ride! 1 Duke shouted as Orion blaste away .from the mountainou Descartes plateau at 8:36 p.m. EST ending a 71-hour surfaci expedition during .which th moonmen set records for th amount of rocks collected, tim on the surface and speed trav eled by Iheir classy moon bug gy. The Took Pictures two ships maneuverec around one another as Mai tingly took pictures of the e! fects of the liftoff on Orion' thin skin, then they gingerl. moved together nose-lo-nose. "Casper's captured Orion, Mattingly announced. "We're all locked up." : 'Yeah," replied Young layed to Mission Control and We're all locked up." While the astronauts the expert descriptions of tlw clear television pictures re- moon walkers as they examined hundreds of rocks, Including boulders the size of buildings on their third and final excursion Sunday. The result, scientists here said, is a mission that will contribute just as much to lunar science as Hie Apollo 15 flight lest last summer. "In a sense that Apollo 15 gave us a quantum jump forward, Apollo 1C is going to give us a quantum jump backward in understanding the ancienl moon," said Dr. Fred Horz, a geologist who helped train tlie astronauts. He meant lhat while Apollo 15 was a major leap forward in understanding processes thai took place some four billion years ago, Apollo 16 would provide important dala on an ever older period in the moon's evolution. "This site is going lo tell us iomo processes that went on ori| he moon between 4 billion and .5 billion years ago," said Dr. Harold Masursky of the U.S. Geological Survey. "I think in hese samples we are going to ind pieces formed when the original crust was formed." After watching Sunday's ex cursion on television, Masursky offered a theory on the creation of the Descartes highlands, part of an area that comprises BO per cent of the moon's surface. Shortly after the moon was formed, he said, hot lava welled up from the inside anc created the Descartes Moun tains, two ot which were sam pled by Young and Duke. Millions of years later, large meteorites blasted the moon and the impacts: sliot out sheets of ground up lunar maleria that flowed over the mountains settling into the basins between them. This formed the undulat ng Cayley plains where Orion ouched down. After setting up a science sta- ion and exploring the Cayley 'lains Friday, the astronauts drove halfway up 1,600-foot Mountain Saturday in itone :heir quest for volcanic remnants and ancient lunar rocks. But they made the most significant discoveries on Sunday. Mission Control had considered calling off that outing because of the tardy touchdown caused by a problem wilh (he engine on Mattingly's command ship. Tlie problem is a small fluctuation in the conlrol system of tlw engine. Even-though officials consider it not serious, they decided to order the astronauts home a day early to guard against a possibility that it might worsen in the space environment. That cut an extra day of lunar orbit science that had been planned for tlie astronauts. Written by Horace Greeley in 187T AND THE GREELEY REPUBLICAN VOL. 4 NO. 152 GREELEY, COLO. 8M3I MONDAY, APRIL 24, 1972 WEEKLY TRIBUNE ESTABLISHED U7B AAonforts To Test Feasibility Of Using Manure To Make Tile By JESSICA FRAZIER Tribune Staff Writer On tills way to conglomerale- iood, Monfort of Colorado may soon be in the tile making business thanks to the overabundance of a by-product from its cattle-raising operations. Hank Brown, Monfort vice president of corporate development, explained that manure and glass or sand can he combined to make everything rom roofing to ceramic tiles. The tile is made in a one-step irocess that fuses treated and powdered manure with glass and a glaze coating. The manure is treated with pyrolysis. Pyrolysis changes the chemical composition of a substance using intense heat in the absence of air. The by-products of tha c process are walcr, a low-sulfur oil and natural gas. "No odors are generated in :he process," said Drown, ". . . no soot, no smoke. It's a completely closed system." In [act, he explained, the natural gas produced from heating the manure is used to help fuel thÂ« pyrolysis furnace. The process, developed by a UCLA .material selentist, has Two Reapportionment Bills To Be Studied DENVER (AP) - A southern Colorado senator and a senator from the southwest section of the stale won a chance today to have their legislative reapportionment plans considered by a committee. The Slate Affairs Committee voted to ask the Legislative Council lo refine Senate reap- portionmnet plans offered by Sens. Harry Locke, H-Salida and Dan Noble, R-Nonvood. There were indications that both plans will face bipartisan opposition when they arc completed. Legislature Will Need More Money To Operate By GORDON G. GAUSS ' Associated Press Writer DENVER (AP) _ When the Colorado Supreme Court turned down the legislative reappor- lionment plan worked out by the state's general assembly, something like $100,000 of taxpayer money went glimmering. No precise determination of the cost of enacting the outlawed system can be made because not all legislative time was spent working on reapnor tionment. However, known costs can be applied. Also, the legislature has run out of money and is in the process of appropriating itself another $150,000 so that it can stay in business--along with its affiliated agencies--through the end of June. This is in the $963.5 million Long Appropriations Bill. The legislative reapporlion- ment issue dominated the first 45 days of the session--the maximum time allowed by the Construction for consideration. The legislature wound up its aclion on the 44lh day and Gov. John A. Love signed the measure the following morning. A cost of $5,000 a day generally is used to compute the expense of holding a ' legislative session. About half of this is for legislators' salaries and ex per hour, increasing Tuesday; penses, about $1,300 is lo pay low tonight 30s; high Tuesday jlcRislalive employees and the 70s; precipitation _ probability other major cost is printing. picsr zero per cent tonight and 10 per cent Tuesday. On that basis, the legislative session cost about $220,000 dur- ing the lime the reapporfion- ment issue was being threshed out. It would be unfair to assign all of this cost to reapporlion- ment. Committees held numerous meetings--especially the Joint Budget Committee--and a few bills were enacted. Floor action was so slow during most of the period, though, that even some lawmakers were complaining about Ihe lack of action. Also, some of the spadework done in developing the original reapporlionmcnt system can be utilized as a revision is made in an effort lo meet the court's ruling that districts were not "as compact in area as may be possible." There can be only guesses about how long passage of a new reapporlionment plan may lake. The Senate's State Affairs Committee held two preliminary meetings last Friday as the week-end recess got under way. Chairman Carl Williams, R-Denver, has fixed a deadline of next Friday for commiltcc agreement on a bill. The com millce is concentrating on a Senate plan. The House State Affairs Committee still hasn't met, hut several members are at work indi vidually. Blow-up maps of enumeration districts are being oh taincd. !l may develop a plan as quickly as the Senate. Once a hill gels into cither branch of Ihe legislature for initial debate, a minimum of three days is required for passage. In the case of a controversial measure--and the reapport.ionment hills almost certainly will fall into that category--a longer time usually is required The nulhorizalions were given at an early morning session of the committee. The actions meant that four plans already will go before Ihe committee. It authorized consideration ...of two plans last week--a revision of a proposal originally presented by stale Rep. Tom Farley, D-Puchlo, and a revision of the Farley plan presented by Sens. Ray Kogovsck, D-Pucblo and Anthony VoUack, D-Arvada. Sen Sam Taylor objected to the tentative plan submitted by Noble saying it would extend his district westward 200 miles into Ihe San Juan Basin. Sen. Al Hulfind, D-Durjingo, who has returned lo Ihe legislature for a few dnys, also objected lo the plan, snying il would place La [Mala County's 20,000 people info Die San I-uis Valley. Ru- IcimJ lold friends ho hopes lo be in Ihe legislature most of Ihis week, then is facing surgery for an internal problem. thinking, saying the "concept o; Scnale Bill 18 is unchanged." Senale Bill 18 was the reap porlionment plnn outlawed by the Colorado Supreme Courl fast week. It split Fremonl County, the largest one in Locke's district. Director Lylc Kyle of the Legislative Council lold (he committee thai 16 staff members worked throughout tlie weekend on plans and lhat ir Ilic future half of (hem will have to be working on n House of Representatives syslcm and half on the Senate. Noble his plan would givo western Colorado four Senale scats instead of three. Locke called for a basic change in the reapporlionmenl nol yet been tried on a large cale, but Bcown said so far ho figures look "too good to 10 true."Â· "Without a pilot plant and cross figures, there's no way .0 know if It's economical or not, but it looks like it will be," he said. Brown said the finished tile looks exactly the same as regular tile, meets similar specifications and is easier to produce -- using a one-step rather than two-step process. To Build Plant Next yenr Monfort plans to build a $150,000 pilot plant for treating the immure. The [rented, powdered manure can likely be used as a substitute for carbon black and basis for )lack ink, as well as llle, said Brown. The manure pyrolysis plant will he built near Greolcy, but a site has mil yet been discussed for Ihe tile pilot plant, ic said. What if the pilot plants cnn- irrn preliminary figures? "If it works," said Brown, "We'll he the biggest liio manufacturers n Ihe world." Mnnfort cuttle produce some 500,000 tons of manure each year. Murder Trial Begins In District Court By FRANK COLOHAN Tribune Staff Writer Â·Selection of a jury to hear the first degree murder and aggravated robbery trinl of flo- bcrt Boulies, 42, of Denver, wns under way in District Cnurl here Monday. THIRST Q U E N C H E R - A squirrel enjoys a cool drink, oblivious lo photographer Dick Fcnnclly, current president of the Grcclty lit* SlmllertmgH. This phnfn has done well in photography competitions for Fcnnclly. The charges against Boulies were filed in connection wilh a robbery at Weslview Liquors, 5MI W. 10th St., last Oct. 26 during which William L. Hamill, 50, of La Salle, was shot and fatally wounded. Picking of a jury of 1?, persons plus n 13!h nlicrnalc juror wns started at 10:05 a.m. in Ihe fourth-Iloor courtroom at Ihe Courthouse wilh District Judge Donald A. Carpenter presiding. During flic inilal questioning ly District Alloniey Robert A. Miller, four prospective jurors were excused for cause. Miller, aboul 11:15 a.m. piisscd the 13 Icntalive jurors for cause. Miller emphasized that, since Boulies is accused of first degree murder, (he jnry not only will be faced with deciding his innocence or guilt, but in the event of a guilty verdict, also must decide whether the punishment will be life or death. One prospective Juror was excused for cause after lie said liis religion would prevent him from voting for a death penalty. Miller also told the prospcc- live jurors the slate would call 12 persons lo lestify during (he trial, which is expected to last for several days. Dan Mans deputy district attorney, is assisling Miller at the trial. Boultcs sat with his court- appoinled attorney, Edward Vcnnblc, during flic initial questioning of prospective jurors and lislcncil intently to the district altornoy's questions and Ihe answers given by Ihe juror*.
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