Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 17, 1973 · Page 15
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 15

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Greeley, Colorado
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Tuesday, April 17, 1973
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Page 15
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The American farmer Who is this man? Tues., April 17,1973 GKUULbY (Colo.) TRIBUNE (Edltor'i note: Thta In the ·econd In »icrfei of articles on the American farmer. The leries ii furnished in an effort to increase public understanding of this important industry.) Wo is this man. -- the American Farmer? The vast majority of farms in the United States are family owned or operated. The primary business of these owners and operators is farming, although some supplement their farm income by off-farm employment. Perhaps the term "family farmer" is misleading. Mention the words to many, and minds immediately dart back lo "[he good old days." They conjurfi up thoughts of a small farm being operated by a self- sufficient and independent family. But the 1973 version of the family farmer isn't like that. He's not self-sufficient, and he knows it. He has organized his farm as a business enterprise, and he operates it to achieve a profit. He provides most of the management' and capital and he assumes all of the financial risk. Along with his family, he performs most of the labor. He might hire- extra labor, but usually only during peak work periods. He may own his land or he may rent it. He may be (he sole operator, or he and his son m i g h t have a partnership established. He sometimes incorporates his operation -for tax or inheritance purposes -- with his wife and children serving as officers in the corporation. He's willing lo go into debt and finds, in fact, that he must rely on credit to keep his operation competitive and efficient enough to support an acceptable standard of living. Unlike farmers of past generations, he's not' suspicious of new ways' and new technology. He believes in agricultural .research and he's quick lo put it lo work on his farm. He's not a "hayseed." He may dress differently or drive his (ruck more often than his. car, but he knows (he world. His areas of knowledge range from ecology to economics. During the past three decades, he's seen more than half of his neighbors leave Iheir farms and seek other employ meril. They did this, nol always by choice, but because the rules of our economy demand efficiency. He is the man who made it this far -- the "fittest" survivor of the unrelenting economic pressures of our freely-competitive society. Some express concern that agriculture is under (he control of large corporate farms. Of the 2.9 million farms in the United States, less that 0.1 per cent of them are owned or operated by corporations with ten or more shareholders, and they account for less than three per cenl of total farm sales. Several corporations have entered farming, many of them lo their own regret. The results have been nothing short of f i n a n c i a l disasters. "Farm Journal" recently analyzed these corporate flops and cited (he major reason for Iheir failures: "Financially oriented brass didn't really understand farming." "Karm Journal" found another difference between the corporate farmer and the family farmer -- thrifliness! "The fronl-line manager farmed strictly first class, figuring he had plenty of money to spend because the outfit was big." One of (he family farmer|s biggest assets is his ability lo walch his dollars carefully and invesl Ihem wisely, because he's never known il any olher way. Corporalc farmers can'I afford to overlook the one faclor (hat makes farming different from other industries. Because they produce commodities and operate under totally free compelilion, farmers -- unlike many businessmen -- have never enjoyed (he freedom lo tack on a suitable margin of profit lo the products I hey sell. In agriculture, the buyer normally commands more power than the seller. The farmer lakes what he can get. You can bot he'll be mighly careful when il comes lime for him to buy equipment: And you can bet, loo, lhal he will use it well. When il comes time to plant corn; and bad weather has sel him behind, He'll be on the job 24 hours a day. There are no eighl-hour days, five-day weeks or overlime paychecks for (he farmer. The "Farm Journal" study also revealed lhal many companies enlering farming Iried lo grow loo fasl. "They didn'l have a chance lo make lillle mislakes before Ihey made big ones." II all seems to point to one conclusion: It takes a farmer lo understand farming. Meat price comparison shows little change since boycott By LOUISE COOK Associated Press Writer The consumer hoping to find post-boycott meat bargains is going to be disappointed, according to an Associated Press sampling of lamb, beef and pork prices in several major cities across the counlry. The AP checked the prices of eight meat items in 11 cities on April 2 -- the first business day of the week-long boycoll and Ihe day Ihe Internal Revenue Service began enforcing price ceilings imposed by President Nixon. It rechecked the same cuts at Ihe same supermarkets on April 16. -The survey showed lhal 40 items -- or 40 per cent -- were unchanged in price over the two-week period; 21 -- or about 25 per cent -- decreased in price; 17 -- or aboul 20 per cent --cost more; and lOwere unavailable either the first or second survey dale. Price cuts ranged from a fraction of one per cent to more than 30 per cenl for certain ilems on special sale. The survey also compared Ihe April 16 prices with Ihe ceilings posled last week. It found 43 items -- almost half -were selling al Ihe ceiling price; 39 ilems were selling below Ihe ceiling; and 6 were unavailable. Of the items below the ceiling, 41 per cenl were belween 6 and 10 cenls per pound lower and 28 per cenl were belween 11 and 20 cenls per pound lower. Other cuts of meat ranged from 1 to 40 cenls below (he ceiling. None of Ihe supermarkels involved in the survey was among those which announced a policy of keeping prices below the ceiling levels. Pork was down in more cilies _. fi ve _ than any olher ilem. II was selling below the ceiling price in nine cities. Supermarket managers said the price changes simply reflected supply and demand. "As far as pork is concerned, Ihe price is coming down a little bit -- there's more of it on hand," said Al Liefort, manager of Neb's Markel in Phoenix, Ariz. Jack Anderson, the meal buyer for a Big Bear supermarkel in Columbus, Ohio, agreed, adding thnt more hogs were being delivered to livestock markels. Anderson said competition with other stores was responsible for beef and lamb Hems selling below the ceiling in his market, The items checked were one pound each of: -round slcnk, center cut porK chops, chopped chuck, sirloin steak, rib lamb chops, veal cutlel, leg of lamb and standing rib roast. The cities were Baltimore, Kansas Cily, Oklahoma Cily, Chicago, Phoenix, Allanta, Washington, Columbus, Boston, New Orleans and Los Angeles. Veal cutlel frequently was unavailable. Store managers said veal supplies were very low with high selling prices crealing a lack of consumer demand. Here is a city-by-city breakdown: Baltimore: Sirloin remained unchanged between April 2 and 16; rib roasl went up; round steak and pork chops were down; and four items were not available. Two items were at the ceiling price; two were unavailable and four -- round steak, pork chops, lamb chops and leg of lamb were below the ceiling price. Kansas Cily: Five ilems -chopped chuck, sirloin steak, lamb chops, leg of Iamb and rib roast were unchanged from April 2 to 16; round sleak, pork chops and veal cutlet were down in price. Everything bul pork chops was at the ceib'ng price. Oklahoma City: Three ilems -- round sleak, pork chops and rib roast went up from April 2 to 16; sirloin sleak and lamb chops were unchanged; chopped chuck wenl down; and veal cullet and leg of lamb were not available. Five items -- round steak, pork chops, sirloin steak, lamb chops and rib roast -- were al Ihe ceiling price; veal cutlel and lamb chops were unvailable; and chopped chuck was below the ceiling price. Chicago: Chopped chuck, Iamb chops and rib roast were unchanged in price; .round steak and pork chops wenl up; veal cutlet and leg of lamb went down in price and sirloin steak was not available for comparison one of the two days. Five ilems --· round steak, pork chops, chopped chuck, sirloin steak and veal cutlel -- were selling al the ceiling price; lamb chops, leg of lamb and rib roasl were below. Phoenix: Round sleak, chopped chuck, lamb chops and leg of lamb were unchanged in price; veal cutlet was not available; pork chops, sirloin sleak and rib ronsl wenl down. Chopped chuck, leg of lamb and lamb chops were selling at the ceiling price; round steak, pork, sirloin and rib roast were below and veal was not available. Atlanta: Four Items -- round steak, sirloin, leg of lamb and rib roast -- were unchanged; veal cutlel went down; and pork chops, lamb chops and chopped chuck went up. Chopped chuck, rib roasl and veal cullel were selling al the ceiling price. The remaining five items were below the ceil-' ing. Washington: Four meats -chopped chuck, sirloin, veal cutlet and rib roast were unchanged; the rest were down in price.. Chopped chuck, sirloin sleak, veal cullet and rib roast were at Ihe ceiling price; Ihe resl were below. Columbus: Round sleak, chopped chuck, sirloin, veal cullel and leg of lamb were unchanged; Iamb chops were not available; pork chops went down in price; and rib roast went up. Chopped chuck, veal cutlel and leg of lamb were selling al Ihe ceiling price; four ilems were below Ihe ceiling price and one --lambchops -was nol available. Boston: Pork chops and sirloin sleak were unchanged; round sleak and veal cullel wenl up; lamb chops, chopped chuck and leg of lamb wenl down; and rib roasl was unavailable. Everything except pork chops and rib roast was selling at the ceiling price. New Orleans: Pork chops, chopped chuck, veal cullet, leg of lamb and rib roast were unchanged; round steak, sirloin sleak and lamb chops wenl up. Chopped chuck, lamb chops, leg of lamb and veal cullel were al Ihe ceiling price; Ihe other items were below. Los Angeles: Pork chops, chopped chuck, sirloin, veal cullel and leg of lamb were unchanged; round steak and rib roasl wenl up in price; lamb chops went down. Every item excepl veal was selling below the ceiling price. WASHINGTON (AP) - Federal quarantines limiting the shipment of cattle because of scabies, a disease caused by mites, have been lifted from seven Texas counties, Ihe Agriculture Departmenl said today. Those counlies were Armstrong, Collingsworth, Donley, Hemphill, Lipscomb, Roberts and Wheeler. Quarantines will remain in effect in olher areas, including 19 counties in Texas, Ihrec in Oklahoma and nine in New Mexico. Scabies outbreaks also have occurred in Kansas, Iowa, Nebraska, Colorado and Idaho, but most were traced lo catllc that came from the quarantined areas in Ihe Southwest. NFO charges conspiracy WHO IS THE MAN? -- He may dress differently or drive his truck more often than his car, but the American farmer is a businessman. He's both management and labor. He knows no eight-hour days, five-day weeks or overtime pay. And he can't slrike for higher wages. The Tribune will attempt to' list in this section all meetings and other important dates of interest to the agricullural communily. To lisl your organization's important meetings, please contact Ihe Tribune at least one week prior to meeting date. April 22-28 Colorado Slate Grange Week. April 23-25 Farm Bureau " S a f e m a r k " Conference, Malibu Inn, Denver. April 28 Grange-sponsored Pol Luc* Dinner, 6:30 p.m., State Grange Building, public invited. April 23 Weld County Ag Council, 8 p.m., Farm Bureau Building, Greeley. May 5-7 American National C a t l l e m a n ' s Associalion Chaulauqua, New York, N.Y. and Washington, D.C. Q. I do seasonal farm work and recenlly started gelling logether my earnings information from lasl year so I can do my income tax return. Are the farmers I work for supposed to furnish me with a slatement of my earnings so I can complete my tax return? A. Yes, if your earnings in farm work are $600 or more in a year from one employer, then your employer musl furnish you with a W-2 form. If your earnings are less lhan $600, your employer must furnish you with a statement of earnings, but it does not have to be on a W-2 form. WICHITA, Kan. (AP) - A lawsuit claiming $5.5 million damages resulting from an alleged conspiracy to financially break Ihe Nalional Farmers Organization has been filed in U.S. Dislricl Court, Wichita. In the petition, filed by the NFO, defendants named are E. and II. Grain Dealers, Yanklon, S.D.; and C.E. Light, Yankton, as individuals; and a co-partner of E. and H., John Oster, Yankton, as an individual and co-partner. Also named are the American Grain Corp., Plainview, Tex., and Ihe American Grain and Catlle, Inc., with a branch in Derby, Kan. The general allegation in the petition is that the NFO is suffering subslantial losses Ihrough the efforts of the defendants lo induce NFO members lo lieup wheal already commuted lo NFO by contracl. The suil apparenlly slems from a realignmenl of loyallies, divided during a struggle for conlrol of NFO which began lasl August and concluded at the national convention lasl December. During a hectic four-day convention al Kansas Cily, Oren Lee Staley, Ray, Mo., NFO president since its formalion in 1957, survived an effort to unseat him. The-convention left Iwo factions with members predicting a rift (hat would never be healed. Included among persons named in the petitions were Harold Nelson of San Anlonio, Tex., presidenl of American Grain Corp. and American Grain and Cattle, Inc. Bob Speer, Mulvane, Kan., a former member of Ihe NFO board of direclors, was listed as agent for the Texas firm. Oster also was a former member of the NFO board. The petilions claimed Ihe defendants had held several meetings in Kansas and were encouraging NFO members nol to honor their conlractural obligations lo the bargaining organization. The petition says Ihe NFO has already sold 2.4 million bushels of wheal at fl.90 per bushel and "if it cannot deliver it will incur tremendous expense and damage, resulting in irreparable injuries in that plaintiff must provide wheat at the present market prices to make up for any difference between the amounl of wheal plaintiff is able to deliver and the amount it has contracted lo deliver." The suil asks $500,000 aclual damages and ?5 million punitive damages and an order prohibiting defendants from further acts against the NFO. Tax-/oss competition threatens family farm WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Agribusiness Accountability Project, a nonprofit research group, says the Nixon administration and Congress should take steps immediately to "eliminate lax-loss com- pelilion" lhal il says Ihrealens family farmers. "While Ihe rich gel richer, the family farmer is com- pclilively disadvanlaged," Ihe project said in a report issued Monday. "Agricultural markels are distorled, Ihe public tr'eas- ury is avoided, land values are artificially inflated and consumers are faced with a threal lo food prices and supplies." The reporl eslimaled lhal individuals and corporalions, using farming as a lax writeoff, dodged more lhan $840 million in taxes last year. "By postponing action on lax- loss farming, Ihe chances of ever correcling the situation becomes dimmer and dimmer," the researchers said. IIK1.H FOR THOSE WHO FEAR DOGS Help could be on Ihe way for people who have an uncon- Irollable and morbid fear of dogs -- cynophobia. Miss Judilh Sills, a New York psychologist who advertised for volunteers to help her in a study of cynophobislis, said the response "came from every social group, and ages ranged from 16 to 84." BankAmericard wants to give you the best possible service. If you don't have a BankAmericard. apply today... by phone. If you don'l have a BankAmericard, apply for one now. Pick up an application from your local BankAmericard bank or any BankAmericard merchant. Or call the BankAmericard Service Number, toll free. Your personal Service Representative will lake your application over the phone. If you're new tothisarea.getaRocky Mountain issued Bank- Americard...by phone. If you've recently moved to this area, make sure you get a BankAmericard beginning with the numbers 4717. A "4717" card will assure you of fast credit authorizations, up-to-aate monthly statements and prompt answers to your questions. If your card doesn't begin with the numbers 4/17, you may transfer your account today by calling the BankAmericard Service Number, toll free. It you have any questions regarding your BankAmericard. get the answers ...by phone. Ever wonder in what foreign countries BankAmericarrl is accepted? Confused by a charge on your monthly statement? Gel the answers you need in a matter of minutes. Your personal Service Representative has been well-trained to answer your questions quickly and efficiently over Ihe phone. For assistance of any kind, just call the BankAmericard Service Number, toll free. Give your name and ask for your Service Representative. BANKAMERICARD SERVICE NUMBER 800-332-3320 Take advantage of the many services of your local BankAmericard bank. As a BankAmericard holder, you'll probably want lo use Iho many services offered by your local BankAmericard bank. You can handle all of your financial transactions here. Checking and savings accounts, safe deposit boxes, consumer loans and dozens of other services are available. Acourteous and efficient.staff will be happy to help you with all your banking needs. You will always get Ihe personalized attention that you deserve. Find out how convenient it is lo do all of your banking under one roof. Visit your local BankAmericard bank soon. the If first national Abank of GREELEY 1025 ninth nvnuic 352-1651 mcmhcr f.d.i.c. \ SorvicomAiks Owned A licensor! by DnnkAmorlcA Service Corp,

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