Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 21, 1972 · Page 5
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 5

Greeley, Colorado
Issue Date:
Friday, April 21, 1972
Page 5
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Strike Only When You Can Win Credo of Man Behind Red Drive By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent If the man behind North Vietnam's current offensive is following his own credo, it would Communist Politburo--Giap has jeen responsible for com-1 mitting regular troops to conventional and enormously costly offensives against superior Indicate he is confident of viclo- power. r y\ - Still he has been obliged to Strike to win, strike only wait a long lime and pictures when success is certain. If it is not, then don't strike." Gen. Vo Nguyen claimed that as the "fundamental principle" that brough him victory in the 1947-54 war against French colonial power. himself as ready to wait another long time for what lie says 0 i a p will be the. inevitable defeat of hopelessly the Americans and South Vietnamese. Beaten by Attrition The French were beaten by dochina to fight the Japanese, 1 ut Ho's men instead would concentrate on gelling ready lo ighl the French after the Japanese defeat. At War With French In August 1915 Ho at Hanoi iroclaimer) a "democratic re- jublic." By the end of 1946. with legoiiations in Paris and Hanoi snagged, Giap's numbering 50,000 But he violated his dictum atlaltrilion, a combination of pain- times, just as from lime lo time he guessed wrong. _Giap long has been (he little giant of Vietnamese communism. He has a reputation as a brilliant strategist. After three, decades as the military brains of the late Ho Chi Minh's Communists, his fame is lished. But while Ho fill losses in Indochina and po- mountainous outposl litical chaos generated in France by the Indochina war. Giap reads the U.S. situation as - a repetition of that experience. When American antiwar protests began to proliferate, Giap predicted six years ago lhal the Americans wouk eslab- was a be defeated by 1970. He was charismatic leader, Giap is re- sure the Americans would be ported far from popular in his ground down by sheer exhaus- homeland. Short In physical stature, Giap is 'hardly more than 5 feet. When' Giap was young, Ho once called him "beautiful, like a girl." army--now ;uerrillas a'nd regulars--was at ivar with the French. It lasted seven years and ended with French defeat at the lonelj called Dien Bien Phu. A decisive factor was the supplies arid arms ferried in from Communist China by an incredible porter system of ; million coolie laborers. By 1954 the flow of Chinese and Russiar equipment amounted to mon than 4,000 tons a day. After the 1954 Geneva confer lion and the U.S. home front would lose the will lo continue. Giap wanted nothing short of' total victory. All Giap's history suggests (he fanatic to those who knew He's far from lhat now. In his him. It was as much a fanat- early 60s, he is loo stout for alicism dwelling on power as one ·. soldier, probably because of Jot ideology. good living. His face has become puffy. His arms and legs appear to be uncommonly stum- 'py- birthplace was Giap was born in 1910 1912--authorities differ. Ax Xa, flis just What Giap lacks in stature he makes up in toughness. The hallmark of his career has been rulhlessness. An outstanding fealure of his military philosophy has been "damn the cost." Giap impresses outsiders as a hard-as-granite martinet who has become a sort of bourgeois Communist in love with glitter. In civilian clothes he likes while suits and striped ties in the manner of the British colonial clubman. His uniforms are dazzling white with medals. and bedecked Jean Sainleny, a French diplomat who knew him, pictured Giap as the most bellicose of North Vietnamese leaders and always impatient with compromise. He appears lo care little about the cost in blood of any given objective. Exact Figure . Three years ago a Western Interviewer asked Giap to comment on a U.S. report lhal North Vietnam already had lost 500,000 dead in the war in the : South. Giap didn't bat an eyelash. The figure, he snapped, north of what today is (he de militarized zone, jumping-off poinl for (he current North Vietnamese offensive. Giap's father was a ferociously anti- French scholar and landowner who transmitted that implacable haired to his son. Already Revolutionary At 14 in school at the Lycee N'ationalc in Hue, Giap already was a nationalist revolutionary. At 18 he was serving a prison term in Hanoi. His brilliance dnd easy fluency in French im- jrcsscd a police official who of- T ereri Giap a chance to continue Ilis education. The young man ivent on lo the university in Hanoi, never surrendering a predilection for revolution. He exact. 'Giap's 1961 book, "People's War, People's Army," a collection of his articles and speeches, is a modern hand- b o o k for guerrilla war. Evidently Tse-tung's traded war" to Indochina. Protracted war or not, Giap often shows his slreak of impa tience. As defense minister--he is also a vice premier member of the all-powerful Giap adapted Mao theories of "pro- ence divided Vietnam into North and South; Giap tool over the task of routing out and liquidating any potential politi cat opposition in the North. He had a hand, also, in the slaugh er of perhaps 100,000 or more jeasants accused of havini ieen "landlords." Even Giap admitted the campaign wen loo far. "We executed too many hon csl people," he said in a speed lo the party central comm'ilte 1956. "We attacked on loi large a front, seeing enemie everywhere, and resorted t terror which became far to widespread." But there was no more vi; ible trouble for the regime. Th Communist power became en Irenched and unchallengeapl by the end of the 1950s. Gia could turn his attention lo strategy for the South. By 19G4, with the South in po litical turmoil, the Viet Con with North Vietnamese suppoi was in a position to lake al and almost did. Only massiv military intervention by th United Slates stopped them. Giap relumed to his attrition iap lias launched what seems nolher such gamble, Ibis one mod at destroying the Viet- amizalion program. If it does not work as he lanned it, Giap will be unpcr- urbed at the cost and will re- urn to planning yet other loves. It is not for nothing that 'ie French, in dealing with him NAACP Unit Rips President's Stand of School Busing Issue WASHINGTON AP) - Prcs-|grcga!c amount of busing lias' ident Nixon has used "Ihe pow-jincreased nationally or regio- Fri., April 21, 1972 GREEU3Y (Colo.) TRIBUNE 5 Law Center, Jean Fairfax o( (lie defense fund said tlie study shows school busing lias been a well-established parl of cduca- eel, "is segregatory in purpose and cffecl." She said the proposals, now before Congress, could "reopen llion in the United Slates for the case (of school integration) cr and majesty and authority of nally as a result 'of his office to stir dissension, c o n f u s i o n a n d uncertainly among us by politicizing the busing issue," the NAACP Lc- regio courl-or- gal Defense Fund says. Hie 50-page report, prepared for (tie National Education As- dered integration . . . . The cry of massive busing for forced integration is completely irresponsible." 'arned to call him "the vol-]sociation, said: "We find ] At an NEA news conference Wednesday attended by ofli^ cials of the defense fund, NEA, the Washington Research Proj- nearly 100 years. 'Hie reporl said the Department of Health, Education and Welfare has predicted a 3-pcr- cenl increase in busing as a result of integration. The Nixon proposal for a moratorium on busing to achieve integration, said Marion Wright Edelmati of and be reliligated for the next 25 or 50 years. These proposals would take away from the courts the ability to remedy." William Taylor of the Law Center said the "refusal of HEW" to enforce civil rights administration's provisions amounts to "administrative repeal of the civil rights law." He described it as "outright lawlessness of the .,, . . -- ,,,,-.,,....,,.., uti ....., ,, ^ .i IM nv ··_ i i ii.ri u HL^IUI i t it,, ivci i «,n i i uj- ooivi jiicii luu il l i g l u UAiU 111 m LI U l l U l i l i IgllL InWiUSrillUtv conclusive evidence that Ihe ag-lccl and Catholic University the Washington Research Proj-'federal government." studied law and political sci-itactics, a mix of guerrilla fight- encc, emerging in 1937, but not lo become a lawyer. Giap, married in 1935 lo a fel- ,ow revolutionary named Minli Tai, became a history teacher. He was fascinated by Ihe writings of Nguyen Ai Quoc--Nguyen the Patriot--Ihe pseudonym oeing used then by the man who eventually would call himself Ho Chi Minh. Giap became a Communist pamphleteer. Giap saw his wife for the last time in 1940. When he fled to China, before the Japanese in- ,ng and frontal assaults lo take the largest possible toll of Ihej Americans and wear down pa- :ience on the American home front. Giap made a big gamble in 19G8. As antiwar sentiment rose in the United Slates, lie launched the major Tet--lunar new year--offensive. It was a shocker. II failed to gain Giap's objectives, which had included capture of cities and widespread South Vietnamese rebel-l lion. But it cost (he Americans' vaded his homeland, Ihejand South Vietnamese much French arrested Minh Tai. Shelblood and set back a pacifica- would die in prison and Giapl would remarry in 1946. idol Ho. Eventually he worked with American intelligence units in Yunnan training Viet- futilly ever guerrillas. The ideal Now, aft lion program. II led lo President Lyndon B. Johnson's with- Giap in China joined with his drawal from Ihe presidential race and lo the Paris peace talks lhat have been going on since. after President Nixon was to infiltrate Ihem into In-jremovcd 450,000 U.S. troops, Cuban Schools Stressing Practical Learning Roles By BUD JORGENSEN Canadian Press Writer HAVANA (AP) -- New Cuban secondary schools slress the the national plan calls for all Idea of relating the students to secondary schools In be built in means of production. This in- rural areas. About half the ca- Julip Miranda, 31, director ofljecled aflcr ie first "school in the coun-icept lhal the try" buill on Isle of Pines, said the evaluation, ex-' cept lhal the proportion is; "very small." j Seiglie said Ihe moral judg-, menl covers whal is considered normal in Cuban society. volves work in agriculture, jpacily of Miranda's school is I Homosexuals are not accepted. which forms the basis for the economy. The farm work is part of a program designed lo instill a spirit of mass effort and social needed for children of families living on Isle of Pines. City plans are to build four more. The political evalualioi prospective graduates will be and ideological lo insure lhat Sludcnls at the Isle of Pines committed lo the existing politi- school have about 33 hours o f j c a l system. There are nn luilion fees.' Scholarships are available for all full-lime sludents. The stu- responsibility in the populalion.|"gulaled class or study time The work-study approach to;"TM! about 12 hours work- education is continued in uni-l^mly farm jobs-a wee I h e versifies. Students reaching f h i s j school has about 475 students obligation, -level have been carefullyjami 40 leachers. 'seiglie said-"0nce he has screened to insure that they There is a strict selection cc j v( ,,i | )is decree he musl w - "revolutionary" process for students reaching f o r - )hc rework who navc pro . . university. Evaluations arc; vidcd thesc (hi ngg for him .-- have proper values. Candid Realism i ma(I , e ^ teachers in primary, Cnntra | UniveFsity has aboul There is a candid realism 'grades-1 to 6. Primary school m lcacherS| w i t h abollt m fll)I aboul the education system. !slart V a 5 Beginning m professors The government The Cubans say they do not .secondary school, judgments on wan(s Cuhans as teacncrs and want to train people who m ighl i l l u l l v l ( l u a l slw-cnls arc made ftecausc O f rnp ] ti expansion of: become counterrevolutionaries b .V representatives of student (he univerij i( y . system m a n y nor do (hey want lo invest rn on- |ol 'g anl7allon!i - .Ihird-and fourth-year stutlenls cy and teachers' time in s'.n-| Canadian professors teaching: must be uscci lo teach first-year dents who might be tempted to at the university level in Cuhajsliidents. The enrollment of 4,desert the country. isay graduates of the regular 000 this year was in engincer- A sign painted on a stone Cuban high schools are bright'ing. medical and agricultural wall at the entrance lo the Uni-'and eager bill poorly prepared!colleges; only HI in Ihe huma- versity of Havana says: "The : for college. Inilies. spiril of n-.nconformiiy, eachi . s | an r] a rds General The work - slud y P r °g ra m al time that it arises somefhing: ,"""^1 ,,,!, ^Uh fhose in lhc lmivcrsit y levcl has hoen may be wrong." ,^J rre "",,,':« The hi In re reviscd rcecnll y- '^ ncw P l a n The work programs for sf"-"'^ in ^^^1 year is aS 50 is for sludcnt - s lo work fo " r dents are not designed to In-i"TM^ b u m f ny repwi ihcl 11011 TM cach w l ek day - Classes crease production, teachers.P"^ ce , n j; but , ma , nny n p r ,, ' t of frequently are held in tempora say, but to he part of the e'du-.^ 3 /' ^ ', ar , tmiversitv fail ! r y buildin S s scl "P al f a r m ' cation process. . . ., ',,, "fimsh, university oflicia,^^ "TM« 1 ^ ^ At the Vento school, a special; secondary school in Havana ton isay. i where sludent 'working. brigades arej briRhl children, students spend Mariano Seiglie 47, a lawyer; University sludenls have a 25 hours a week on class work/and director of international re-! month , s annual Vac3tion . 16 hours working and about motions at Central University at, The basic [i rst .year courses hours in regulated study. Half Santa Clara, in the interior of jfor a] , - mcMM philosophy, the work time is at a factory or^uba, described how the urn- physical education, political farm the other half at school |vers ''y admissions sysleml cconomyj military preparation chores-jobs ranging fromi w o r k s - l a n d a language-cither English cleaning work to construction! In addition to entrance exam- or Russian. Seiglie said politi- of visual aids for use al olherjinalirn?. there is a "moral, po-,cai economy covers corn- schools, jlilical and ideological" cval- parisons between capitalist and The'venln scrrril is in a Ha-jiialion of each university appli- socialist systems. Military vana suburb but Ihe new rcgu-jcanl by a small committee ofiprcparalion involves such lar sccondaiy s-lv.ol beingjfnciMly members, Kciglie dc-duties as marching and rifle buill are in rural sellings. Iclined lo say how many are re-ldrill. Hoover Constellation 27 83 This new Hoover has a hand tool storage rack. 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