12 GREELEY (Colo.) TRIBUNE Tues.,May31,1977 Antibiotic ban to cause higher prices State FFA convention June 6-8 WASHINGTON (UPI) -Consumers could wind up paying as much as 15 cents a pound more for meat if the government goes through with its proposed ban on the use of certain antibiotics in animal feed, a drug company claimed today. The Food and Drug Administration however said the allegation was unrealistic and "the economic effect will be nowhere near that figure." At issue is the FDA's proposed ban on the routine use of tetracyclines and penicillin in animal feed where it helps promote growth as well as prevent disease. The agency claims steady, low-level use of the antibiotics could result in the disease organisms becoming resistant to the medicines, making them eventually worthless in treating human diseases. Dr. L. M. Skamser of American Cyanamid Co., which Range caterpillars moving SPRINGER, N.M. (UPI) The range caterpillar, which became a major headache for ranchers in northeastern New Mexico several years ago, is now a problem effecting the adjacent states of Texas, Oklahoma and Colorado. This week, officials of the New Mexico Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department Saddle club gymkhana set The Greeley Saddle Club has scheduled a jackpot gymkhana at the dub's arena north of Island Grove Park on Saturday. Both judged and timed events are planned. Entries are due at 6 p.m. with events scheduled to start at 7 p.m. of Agriculture and area ranchers will meet to discuss this year's range caterpillar program. Dr. William P. Stephens, director of'the state agriculture agency, said the number of acres which will be sprayed probably will be a major item of discussion at Wednesday's meeting. Surveys done by the USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service show the range caterpillar now infests more than 10,200 acres in Oklahoma, more than 35,800 acres in Colorado and about 4,000 acres in Texas. Stephens said it is essential the spraying program be star ted soon because caterpillar egg hatching has started in some areas of New Mexico. makes tetracyclines, said the antibiotic resistance theory is improver.. "The Food and Drug Administration says, in effect, the use of tetracyclines is so bad that the fact that there is no evidence of its evil simply means we have missed the evidence, not that it doesn't exist," he said in testimony submitted to a congressional hearing. He said the FDA itself had calculated that "the American consumer will pay as much as 51.9 billion each year for less meat. That translates into an increase of seven cents a pound for beef and 15 cents a pound for pork. And that does not take into account any death losses resulting from increased diseases among animals on the farm." The FDA said the estimates, based on lower amounts of growth that would take place if the antibiotics were removed, represented an "extreme figure" and were .from an earlier study, not directly related to the current proposal. The figures, a spokesman said, assume that no substitute antibiotics would be available and are "not even considered by the FDA to be realistic:" "The fact is that there are substitutes available so the industry does have options," the spokesman added. In addition, he said, tetracyclines would still be available on prescription from a veterarian for treating specific diseases. "The health implications of the continuous low-level use of these drugs in animal feeds are very significant because it could cause the bacteria in the animals to become resistant or immune to the antibiotics," the FDA added. More than 1,500 FFA members are expected in Golden next week as the annual Colorado FFA Convention opens at the School of Mines. During the three-day convention FFA members from all over the state will gather to conduct business of the State FFA Association and to recognize fellow members for t h e i r o u t s t a n d i n g achievements. This year's convention, to be held June 6,7, and 8 will feature National FFA President. James Bode, of Galena, Okla., as the keynote speaker. Another guest speaker is Dr. Sam Zakhem, Colorado slate representative. According to State FFA Advisor Dale McCall, incentive awards will be presented to 500 outstanding FFA members and chapters by the state and national FFA foundations. State Farmer Degrees will be presented to 112 FFA members who, as a result of their occupational and leadership achievements, have qualified for the top state FFA degree. In addition to student recognition several adults are to be cited for their service to the FFA. Two adults will receive the Honorary State Farmer Degree and three adults will be presented outstanding service citations. Slate President, John Field of Montrose, will preside over convention business sessions. Two official delegates from- each of the 83 chapters in the state will represent the membership in voting on all key issues of business. Bode will address the convention on Tuesday, June 7. Major emphasis of his speech will be increasing membership and participation in FFA activities at all levels. Bode was elected at the National FFA Convention in Kansas City, Mo. last November. BUY YOUR TV NOW and SAVE MONEY FINAL REDUCTIONS DURING OUR Bth ANNIVERSARY SALE EVERYTHING 20%-50%F STEP UP TO A COLOR TELEVISION COLORCONSOLES WAS NOW ONLY GE23"'Color Console ..;';;.-vS229:00'''$139 t 95;- Zenith'23" Color Console".... $160.00 :i$ 99.95 Coronadb25" Console ,$229.00 .$139.95.' Curtis Matties 21" Console ..'. $249.00 . $178.00 Zenith 23" Color Console .... 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The ET data will be provided in a Â· weekly table (to be published in this paper), as a pilot program, and will be available after June 6. According to Rothman, evaporation constitutes water loss directly from the soil without going through plants when the soil is exposed to sunlight and wind. Transpiration refers to water lost through plants transpiring water into the atmosphere. 'The trick to more efficient water use is to shift the water loss from evaporation to transpiration. Well fertilized plants produce higher yields than poorly fertilized plants with the same amount of water," Rothman said. 'Too much water reduces yields just as much as too little water," he continued. Concerning irrigation, the agronomist pointed out the fundamental principle as the adequate amount of water soil must take and hold. Once a farmer has calculated the proper soil moisture, the ET crop water use data will aid as a tool in water efficiency. A common method in determining soil moisture is the "feel method." Squeeze a handful of soil three or four times, like you would when milking a cow. If the soil Is too dry, it will not form a ball, and more than likely the crop is in severe need of water. If you can form a ball that stays intact after tossing six feet into the air, then the soil is durable. If the ball breaks, the soil is considered weak. " Rothman explained that if the depth of a clay-type soil is one foot, then two inches of moisture is contained within the soil; two feet of soil needs four inches of moisture; three feet needs six inches; four feet needs eight inches; five feet needs 9.5 inches and six feet of soil needs 11 inches of moisture. With only 0-25 per cent available moisture stored in the soil a ball will not form. A weak ball will form with 25-50 per cent avilable soil moisture and a durable ball is 'the result of 5075 per cent soil moisture. The extension agronomist used a sugarbeet crop to further illustrate the ball technique of soil moisture indication. The root depth of the sugar- beet crop is about four feet which means about an eight- inch moisture holding capacity. "Usually when about 50 per cent of the water is used (4 inches in this case), it's time to irrigate. Using the ball test, the farmer should be able to form a weak ball (25-50 per cent soil capacity), which means the farmer may need to replace about four inches with irrigation." "Once a farmer figures the soil moisture and calculates the amount of water that should be replaced in the soil with irrigation, the ET data can be applied," Rothman said. The weekly table will show the amount of ET depleted in the soil from the previous week. This indicates to the farmer the amount that should be refilled to maintain adequate soil moisture. The table will also include a brief .explanation of the most effective timing for irrigation scheduling, so that peak-point irrigation can be better implemented. (Next: Examples of irrigation systems suited for ET application.) the MAGIC of PHOTOGRAPHY Course I by Tony Wu NEWS 7:30-9:30 Wednesdays for (weeks presented by WESTERN Camera, inc. 819 Mfi.St., Greeley, 351-MM Warning; The Surgeon General Has Determined Thai Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health.
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