Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on June 20, 1967 · Page 12
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 12

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Tuesday, June 20, 1967
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fOMIGJlCOMMENTARY tettio Fr-ja Pr-.'.;.s i Caldwell News-Tribune, Tuesday, June 20, 1967 - Al Key fo Peace Lies In Mideast with LBJ, Kosygin Be D M T l V t T U r t V M i _ i i _ i _ i · i . · . . . . . . . . ; _ i * V QofMi y PIIILNEWSOM I'PI Foreign News Analyst If a permanent peace is to come to Hie Middle East, It must come primarily through the efforts of two men, President Lyndon D. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin. Hopefully, if it comes (and the prospects currently are not bright), il will be within the framework of (he Inited Nations to help restore that organization's badly bartered prestige, Unfortunately, on no other issue, including Vietnam, are the leaders of the world's two most powerful nations more sharply divided, the Soviet openly backing the Arab states, and the Inited States presumably pledged to the integrity of all states but clearly with its sympathies on the side of Israel. On May 23, Johnson officially proclaimed U.S. policy in a White House statement: "To the leaders of all the nations of the Near East, I wish to say what three Presidents have said before--that (he United States is firmly committed to the support of the political independence and territorial integrity of all thenations of the area." It has been toned down slightly since, with a hint that the United States might not oppose some revision of unnatural boundaries. The line Kosygin is to take when or if he takes advantage of his presence in the United States to talk with the U.S. President may te inferred from his actions in the United Nations. But since it may be said that no nation on earth exists except by the sufferance and under the protection of one of the two super powers, it also may be said lhat between them they could bring peace to the Middle East. The history of Israel as an independent state runs almost concurrently with that of the United Nations itself, for it was on April 2, 1947, lhat Britain turned the Palestine question over to the United Nations. In the following 20yearsthere have been three wars and countless protocols, resolutions and declarations, plus deprivations and suffering for thousands. but never has there been peace. Zionism and with il a rebirth of Jewish nationalism had its beginnings in the last century but not until the Balfour Declaration of Nov. 2, 1911, did the Jews actually gain hope (or establishment of a homeland in Palestine. This was a letter written by British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Lord Rothschild, it declared "His majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people , . ." The San Kemo Conference of the allied powers made Palestine a British mandate and the old League of Nations approved it on July 24, 1920. Both included in their final draft the Balfour Declaration. As the Jews began pouring into the Holy Land and buying up Arab land, the Arabs reacted. In August 1929, came the first ma/or anti-Jewish attack by Palestine Arabs. With Hitler's rise to power in Germany, the tempo of Jewish immigration increased and so did the tensions. In 1936, the Arab high committee proclaimed a war against Jews and British in Palestine. Here are other important dates in the Arab-Jewish struggle: Nov. 29, 1957: U.N. General Assembly votes partition of Palestine into independent Arab and Jewish states, Jerusalem to have international status. May 14, 1948: State of Israel proclaimed at Tel Aviv and is recognized immediately by the I'nited States. At midnight the war which was to continue for nearly 20 years, began. June 25, 1949: The Lausanne Conference b e t w e e n Israel Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan broke down on Hie issues which mve remained the principal barriers to peace. These were the irreconcilable atlitudes toward the problem of the Arab refugees which now have been increased by an estimated 200,000 in Jordan alone, Israel declared the possible return of Arab refugees to Israel must be part of a general peace settlement. The Arabs demanded that the refugee problem be settled before any general politica settlement. May 25, 1950: The United States, Britain and France declare that should it belearned that either Israel or the Arab states were "preparing to violate frontiers or armistice lines, (they will) . . . immediately take action, both within and outside Ihe U.N. to prevent such violation." Sept. 1, 1951: Egypt rejects a U.S. Security Council resolution calling upon her to end her blockade of Israeli-bound ships using theSuezCanal. Oct. 29, 1956: Israeli army penetrates into Egyptian territory. Oct. 30, 1956: Britain and France give Israei 12-Jiour ultimatum to withdraw her forces at least 10 miles from Suez Canal. The United States proposes in U.N, Security Council a resolutioncallingupon Israel immediately to withdraw from Egypt. Nov. 5, 1956: U.N. General Assembly adopts a resolution to create a U.K. Emergency Force to supervise cessation of fighting in the Middle East. May 17, 1967: U.A.R. President Gamal Abdel Nasser demands the withdrawal of U.N. forces from l.A.R. territory and the Gaza Strip "as quickly as possible." May 18, 1967: "Wiih serious misgivings," U.N. Secretary General Thant orders U.N. forces fo end their patrols and withdraw as of 6 p.m. May 19. May 22, 1967: Nasser closes the Gulf of Aqaba to Israel shipping. June 5, 1967: TheMideastwar erupts forthethirdtime, PAGE OF OPINION HISTORIAN TOYNBK LOOKS AT MIDEAST EGG ON THE VEST / Peace Terms Must Be Genuine TODAY'S EDITORIAL Ethics Code Needed While the U. S. Senate is busily debating a resolution to censure Sen. Thomas Dodd, D-Conn., it is looking over its shoulder to a potentially more explosive ethics case. This Involves charges made last month by Life magazine that Sen. Edward V. Long, D-Mo,, has received $48,000 for services from a St. Louis lawyer who later was employed by Teamsters Union boss James R. Hoffa. Long admits receiving the $40,000 for "referrals." Thus far the Dodd and Long cases are unlike in at least two ways: OUR READERS SAY (1) Long has not requested the Senate Ethics Committee to investigate charges against him; Dodd called for an investigation. (2) Long has not offered his records (o the Senate committee. Dodd voluntarily opened his files and supplied documents to fhe committee. We hope as soon as the Senate reaches a decision on the Dodd case, it and the House will draw up an ethics code with teeth -- one that will help restore the sagging prestige ot the honest Congressional majority . . . a code that will rid Congress at those few who dishonor (he! r high posili ons. Industrial Center? No! To The Editor: After an absence of some H years I was privileged to return recently to Caldwell, the place where I spent most of my youth and where my parents and other members of the Gipson family established themselves permanently. 1 am wondering if its citizens realize how fortunate they are to be able to live In such a town? For it is evident that It is well governed, the first essential of a good town. Moreover, possessed of a splendid Institution of collegiate standing, a well-rounded public school system, and an Impressive number of churches to keep alive the spirit of reverence for things devine, it is also »ppealing in other aspects as a delightful place of residence. While I saw no very pretentious houses as I moved about the residential section of the city, what gave me much greater satisfaction was the predominance of well-built and well- maintained homes, clear evidence of the pride the people have in their community, Well ttey mlgfit! The streets are clean and well paved, the lawns are lush and everywhere I found flowers In bloom and trees (many of them planted when ! \vas a boy) spreading their shade and coolness. The business section, greatly expanded from what it once was, also gives every Indication of Caldwell's prosperity and well- being. But these favorable aspects of the city do not exhaust Its merits as a place of residence. The people who live in Caldwell or who go there to do business appear much more homogenoius, more like-minded, than in most communities here in the East where I am living, I could not discover that there had been any equal-right marches or sit-ins, or riots with the looting and Ihe wreck- Ing of places of business. Indeed, ! found an absence of class-distinction, no division between the haves and have-nots, no slums. May I not therefore express the hope that the city will not seek to become an Industrial center beyond the modest limits it has row attained? For I fear that should this come to pass many of the things that make It now a most appealing place for the reaiing of families m»y well disappear. That would surely be a pity. Lawrence H. Gipson Lehlgh University Bethlehem, Pa, Grass Roots Op 'inion HARTLAND, W1SC., REPORTER: "There's a big Investigation in Washington, D.C. con- corning the pnichase of drugs under brand names or generic names. II has been Indicated that generic name toying Is often cheaper. We wonder how the prescriptions for some of those people causing the fuss are ordered: by well known reputable brand names or by a generic name?" Today's Thought By If. B. DEAN "When I cry utilo Ihee, then shall mine enemies turn back: this I know; for God is for mf," Psalm 56:9 God stands ready to deliver His own from every fear. "Thou art with me." Have faith In God and forget It. (Last of two articles) By ARNOLD J. TOYKBEE Written for UPI My point of view, as a British Westerner: by 1948, the Palestinian Arabs had been the inhabitants of Palestine for more than 1300 years. This length ot time has given them a prescriptive righl to continue to live in Palestine and to retain their property there. As for Hie Jews' claim to have a right to reoccupy Palestine, the statute of limitations applies to this. The Israelis have no right to keep the Palestinian Arabs out of their homes and to rob them of their property, as they have done. A distinction has to be drawn between two different claims put forward by the Jews. Their claim against the Germans for reparation (so far as any kind of reparation can be made for mass murder) is 100 per cent justified. It is not at all unreasonable for the Jews to claim that their cumulative experience of criminal treatment by Westerners entitled them to have a country of their own. Bui then they should have been given German territory (e.g. the Rhine!and), not Arab territory, as the site for a Jewish state; and also, from the beginning of the persecution of the Jews in Germany, Britain and the United States could, and should, have given all the Jewish refugees asylum in their own territories: They shouldnot have laid on Palestine any part of a burden that was bound to strain still further already strained relations between Jews and Arabs there. The existence and presenceot the state of Israel and of the Israeli people are now facts, and it has been demonstrated that these facts cannot be undone. Moreover, if they could have been undone, the effect would have been to create a new horde of refugees--Israeli refugees this time. Yet, if you or I were Arabs, we should surely feel about Israel as (lie Arabs feel. One of the two main obstacles to a solution of the Arab-Israeli conflict is the Arabs' unwillingness, so far, to accept the hard facl that the establishment of the state of Israel, within the limits set by the armistice-lines agreed in 1948, is an accomplished fact which the Arabs, too, have to recognize and accept. The other obstacle is the present plight of the Palestinian Arabs. These two obstacles are interrelated, and unless and until both obstacles are overcome, the conflict will continue. After the third Arab-Israeli war, it is Imperative that there should be, not just a renewal of the previous truce, but a permanent peace settlement between Israel and the Arab states. To be permanent, this peace settlement must not be imposed by force. It must be one that is accepted by both belligerents, not just on paper, but in their hearts. Only a peace settlement that is recognized by both sides to have been genuinely accepted by both sides can open the way for reconciliation and cooperation between them. The tests of Israel's sincerity will be that she makes il quite clear that she is making no territorial claims beyond the 1948 armistice lines) withdrawing from all territory beyond these lines occupied in June 1967) and alsoftiai she cooperatesaclively In the indemnification and permanent resettlement of the Palestine A rib refugees. Every one of these refugees who is offered, a/id wlm accept, repatrialion Inside at Israel's border will be a help towards turning enmity into friendship. The tests of the Arab stated sincerity will be that they, on their side, cooperate actively in the permanent resettlement of the refugees, and that t h e y cease to use the refugees either as political pawns or as potential infiltrators, encamped around Israel's borders. From the humanitarian point of view, permanent resettlement is, of course, in the best interests of the refugees t'lainselvss. II seems improbable that many of the present Arab refugees will wish to return to thoir homes now that this will mean coming under Israeli rule, even if (lie Israelis were to give them first- class citizen treat- ment. It also seems improbable that the Israelis would be willing fo readmit all the Arab refugees, even if they were convinced that these would not try to act as a "filth column." Therefore, many, perhaps a majority of the Palestinian Arab refugees will have to be resettled somewhere else. Can they be reconciled to this second best alternative? This depends on whether good enough permanent homes can be found for them, and good enough new opportunities can be opened up for them, in place of the present refugee camps in the Gaza Strip, which is congested with refugee camps and is anyway a poor country in which refugees have poor prospects. A possible region for rehous- ing Palestinian Arab refugees who wish to preserve their corporate identity as a community would be the part of Syria lying to the north-east of the River Euphrates. This fertile territory is, so far, only sparsely populated. Much of it is cultivated by rain-water; and Syria and Iraq have been getting together for building a barrage on the Euphrates that would not only prevent flooding but would also provide water for irrigation. A genuine permanent reconciliation with the Arabs is a vital interest of Israel's. It is vital for her because even the most sensational military victories are wasting assets. I would therefore beg the Israelis to recall something lhat was said by the founder and first rector of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the late Dr. Judan Leon Magnes, a distinguished Jewish American who did so much for re-creating a Jewish national home in Palestine. Dr. Magnes, who died in 1948, said repeatedly that the only sure permanent basis for the renewed presence of a Jewish community in Palestine was Arab good-will. The Jews, Dr. Magnes held, could not retain their renewed foothold in Palestine permanently just by military force. This is as true today as it was when Dr. Magnes first said it. OPEN YOUR SAVINGS ACCOUNT NOW AT... YOUR PROGRESSIVE SERVING IDAHO WITH 2O OFFICES AFWIATEO WITH WESTERN lANCORPOHMION tmUMNCI CO.POMTION · MIMIU FIDEI/U «H.VS SY ,, |M MEMIM

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