PAGE TWO- LAS CRUCES (N. M.) SUN-NEWS MESILLA VALLEY FARMING -;;- RANCHING :: MARKETING By JACK CQTSHALL Farm Bureau, State Employment Service Gather farm Labor Data With an .expected shortage uf more than 10,000 seasonal fnrm laborers to cultivate and harvest the 195J cotton crop in Dohti Ana county, the County Farm and Live-stock Bureau and the New Mexico State Employment Service arc closely cooperating in their 'effort's to meet the emergency when if arrives, W. A. Risinger, Farm Bureau executive secretary in the county, slates. 'Â·Â· A questionnaire has been sent to county farmers as a joint effort of- the Farm Bureau and 'Employment Service seeking labor need 'information. Response 'has been gratify- n^.Gqorgu .Bprtheion, .acting mapagcr of .the .District Em" Service', announces. cI thflf-by the Uim: cot: ' ' lii thV . . ~ , 'Witty, probably thro wpvkiTtu 'Â» i nlll;jt b( . nifldc Available to valle month from now. that definite l n - | n n i , stal( . L . nUon grow0 rs if th Â· formation will havi! buvn received by thi! two couuiirntlng KyciicleH nt* to t)i(.';MumljLr of worktitK needed 'by tin i*ti Individual'farmer. -Nroil Alfxlciin Lultor tn thr meantime, every effort iÂ« being inn (It- by the county nr)d Ml nti- Kitrin Kim-an to spred" government ft I arltvlly tti the comple- t i o n ' ' ^ the' fcdonil p i o j f r n m . for Pecu ring the much needed BcuHon- Â»! worktiN fiom .Mfixicp lo RatlH- j u c t u i ' H y augment ihc :i pi Â· 11 amount of locnl'available fnnn labor to HiKTf.'HHfully bring (iff the liu'Ki! cim-rKunny cotton mip need- ml mid n.ikvd by the KOVL'J inni; : ' '"Thrrr is nu qUt:ntloij about i - 1 ,Vtt!Xlctiii national fitrni laborers sy gro' ui-tijj iÂ» to be HuuccftHfully brought off t liin year," John AugUfitlnc, t'xctutlvi- Bccrotary of the State Farm iiiul Uycatoclt Bureau, du- clniod today. . AufjUHtlne and olher state offi- cislw of the Fitrni Bureau haVc bei'ii aetiv(! I h - l h e campaign for |)iishin[C throtigli a prograni for fieciirinj; Mexican uohtract labor. T|icy have attended. Icglalallvc hcsrlnp on the project In Washington and have.made every possible liffort to Inform Washington offk'lalK of (he KorloutjncHH of the fun 11 labor Hhurtuge ultuatton jn i New Mexico. Well Irrigation Discussion Meetings Held In Three Areas .Tho-thir.c county district Itrl- ;--*-SÂ«iton meolingi} for dlnciiHHiyn. of i n i t i a t i o n wrll dnvflopmcnt in tl)c l-Cs'.i'fllh'y. were, Jlttencipil by, Incjjc ' ;i iiuifiburK of ./iir-mirn, .drlJIeiT and i." !^(]itlpii)rnt^imp']}ly firms -ihi 1 punt Tim gijiheringH were held at An/ thony, I^nji (^hiiiefi .ilnU Hatch.find --^wtsrc Mpohiiorcid l . by Â· the Kxltm/ilnn Service. SvHKlonft \yt;iÂ« utTajigod by "County A'geiil (Jmnl llnrpur, anil ChtU'ley Taylor,* KxtmMloit ; -nftf*fti* eel. conductMJ .thn tnncllJiJiH and W f i h poHfill)ly more than 100 wnllH already drilled in the valley and more Kolng" down tin fnst as drlllum and Hiippllna become avail-, uble, the Donu Ann County Farm and UVcntock nueriu) will lnkÂ« fin nctlvii part in codipcJ'rtling with niembura in nn effort to mtpply all nviiilable InformnUOn'to well ovvn- oni or pi oapi-ctlvo owners, W. A. lilnlngrr, county executive Â«ecre- tiiry, 1 Htatc.H. Â·ProRi-nniit uf meollnpH o f " all Piinn Bureau. LocnlH will Include dlHcininioiiH of various pha.sco of well Irrigation, ftfslnKCl' Â»nyn. Peanut Acreage Allotment For ' State Increased Â· ThÂ« anticipated ihcreahe in New Mcxicu'fi pcajiut '-acreage allotment haK been announced by the Depaitment of Agriculture, J. Z. ROWP, state Extension economist at AM college, reports. The Increase amounts to 1.327 acres, Howe statea, 'bringing the orlgiiuil allotment of 4,975 .lures to 6.302. Â· tyhilc no peanutH n t e grown In the' -Mgsillu Valley, they form 'a major crop in the eastern counties of the state; Farms not .using their entire "allotment may rsloasc it' to other farms i n - t h e same county, Howe says. Kenson for' the increiiBed allotment IH that New Mexico-growers niitinly raiflc the- type of peanuts lined for cyting'instead of oil and there never-has been* a time when enough of them- puunlitfi'haji been protluccd to niect Hie demand. ' " ' Cows, Heifers Average $239 New Mexico's milk oowfj and holfurn two years old and over totaled 12,000 on Jan.. 1, according lu C. H. Kcaton, associate extension economist at New Mexico A M college. This number was the nanit- Â«a on ihc same date in 1930, but 'Z3 per cent less thari the 1840- Â·10 average. Average farm value per head this year WBH $239, compared to~ $174 on Jim. 1, 1060, and ?89.60 for th(! 11MO-4I) average. Total value of cows mul heifers in New Mfxicu on Jan. 1 was (M million., compared to $10 million in 10DO, ami tO'/, million in 1940-40. For the U. B., the number of milk i:ows nnd heifers two years old and over remained unchanged from Jan. 1, 1050, Inventory. The national average value- par head on Jnn. J 'this year reached iin Â·ill- tlmc high of $100, $37 higher than last year -- but $70 below the New Mexico avbrngo value pre head. In 02 years of football Notre Damn liiiÂ« won 302 RtimeH, lont.fil and tfod 31. GETS CLOTHES REALLY CLEAN! .frl B idalrÂ«'i e^eluilvo Uvo-Woto. Action 'w(t)lnQ Hot tudt Duouglt und ttuough Uio dallies. Gott them laally clean --gonlly. Clolhvi are in HID water all Hie lime - not half hi, halt out, tlva-Water Action cilio i!niÂ»i clothti Iwkv In clean, froili waler. i-^" Select-0-Dial does any kind of wash the way you wantl tett y6u pio'iolecl the washing time you want -- Â·von for Kayont, Njlom bhd Woolens. IhfTrlQtri- oil* Waihei doel all ttie tail oil oulohiOlitollyI The new Frigidaire Automatic Washer To Attend Nati Four rfew Mexico;atate delegates to the 2lÂ«t National 4-H club.Camp in Washington, D. C., have-Been named and will',make the trip the middle .of June, L.. S.. Kurtz, state 4-H club leader, announces. .V The boys and girls who will 'receive this coveted al.Uexpense-paid trip awards to 'the national capital are Tommy Mullins, 39, Rogers; Lois Mckinley, 17, Mclrosc; Erne/it Barela, 20. Albuquerque, and Clif- fors. Copelftiicl, 110,, -A mlnUil.' The- four [were .selected 'on Â· the basis of their all-around '.record i of leadership in 4-H activities.In their Chosen, 4-HCamp clubs. The selection is an annual eyent, two boys'and two girls being chosen' for the honor. In Washington the tou^n, Â· assemblies, discussions and conferences will help to give the-delegates a better understanding of the meaning of citizenship in a democracy, Kurtz explains. All of the award winners have had active careers in 4-H club work on botli a county and ntate basin, having taken many other awurds in previous years for outstanding project accomplishment work. New Strain Of Pinio Beans Is . A n,ew, Btrain of i'pinlo. beans -easy to coojt..regardless of .-where they are grown --- has' been i'ecenl 7 Jy developed by the'I^cw Mexico Agricultural Kxperiment, Station^ The new strain, No. 2074, - is : a cross'between Calico and "Not 205, which was developed by the station some years ago. High Yield* In yielding ability, No. - 2574 seems e'qual to No. 29p,and No; 641, both outstanding for their- high yields. The three strains were compared from 1948 through 1950 for yield and tenderness Index, ft measure of cooking quality.. They were grown for ajl three years at Demingr, and for two | of the years at Estancla, Tucunicari, and Clayton. ' . ' . .Â· On Irrigated land, the average yields of the strains were as follows: No. 295, 1434 pounds t o - t h e acre; No. 641, 1410 pounds; and No. 2574, 1335 pounds. Under dry- land conditions, the average acre- yields were 278 pounds for No. 295; 302 pounds for No.-041; and 279 pounds for No. 2Â£i74. Statistical analysis of the yield data showed that the differences in yields of these strains were caused by some other factor than yielding ability. They Arc Tender No. 2574 far out-performed the two older strains in tenderness index. Its Index was 53, while that of .No. 259 was 99 and of No. G41, 108. The new strain even had a lower average tenderness index than the Calico variety, whicri 's one of its parents. A full description of the new strain and complete details of the tests are given in Press Bulletin No. 1051, "A New, Easy-Cooking Pinto Bean for New Mexico -No. 2574," by Sherman Paur, of the station's agronomy department. Correlation Of Soil, Fertilizer, Tests Progresses The use of fertilizers on irrigated soils in New Mexico and re- search'in soil testing.for the -jlatu. are the sub'jectfi of two press bulletins issued recently by the New Mexico Agricultural Experiment Station. Both publications were written by H. E. Dregne, agronomist.and J.. E. Chapman, assistant agronomist, who conducts soils and fertilizer research at the station. In. both press bulletins, the authors emphasize that the surest way. known now for a 'farmer to dctcr- 1nine fertilizer needs is to apply fertilizer to a strip across the field arid observe, the results. Flirtlitzer And Prouucuon ; In Press Bulletin 1050, "Fertilizer for Irrigated Soils' in Now Mexico," the authors explain" the role of fertilizers in crop production and outline conditions : that frequently indicate deficiencies of nitrogen and phosphorus. They give pratical suggestions on How to buy fertilizer, -pointing out the relative cost- of available plant nutrients. In Press Bulletin 1052, "The Value of Soil Tests in New Mexico," the soils -exports discuss the purpose and value of soil tests in general, and describe the obstacles to successful soli testing in New Mexico, Â· T'-Sls Take Years They ure working now to correlate soil testing- methods with fertilizer tests, but this will take several-years, they say. Until the methods can be perfected, soil tests will not give practical information. Copies of these press bulletins may be obtained free of charge from county extension agents or from the Experiment Station, State College, New Mexico. Cotton Planting Almost Complete In Valley; Wells Being Cotton planting^ is practically'completed in the valley, with many fields already up to. good stands. A small acreage in various parts of .the valley was damaged in stand py the recent hail storm, but replanting is-being completed, and it is believed -thai -the hail came early enough that.replanting will be,successful. . Â·. Water for the planting has .averaged about" seven and a half inches throughout the valley, leaving an average four and one-half inches of the allotted, one,acre'foot for use later i n .the season. ' . Â· Â· Â· ' . . Â· - Wells are being; drilled as .fast ; material and drillers become available, possibly at the rate of four or five a jyee'k. Ttic greater part of them have been brought in successfully. 'Fiow runs, from about 1,800 to 2,200 gallons a minute in the central and the southern end of the valley. ', This is sufficient* water to take care of around three acres of irrigation in two hours. This is but a little bit slower than, .-irrigation from the district canal system.' Henvy', Investment ' " Â· Â· ' . Wells--in the central and'south- ern areas run from'00 to about a maximum of 145' feet. Cost. Â· -:le- puntling on equipment and'the type of casing used, as well as ''epth, runs from a minimum of a little more than $0,000 to around $8,000. Ala'ny farmei-s, feeling that they arc in for a long period of well irrigation, at least on a partial basis/ are tending to go in* for better, heavier motive equipment. This boosts the price of a well considerably, but those following- this course feel it to be a worthwhile additional investment. Hutch Wells Shallow Wells in the Hatch section run considerably more shallow, being reported at from -10 to a maximum of 115 feet./ This is'due to u more shallow sloping bedrock, drillers say. Cost per well runs into leas money, due to less, drilling and the lighter cqquipment needed for the wells. .; . . . Irrigation, experts' .'seem agreed that there is little chance of "having enough run-off this spring-to put enough water in Elephant Butte' reservoir, .to. bring- off the cotton crop this-sea^on. Only about a quarter of a normal run-off is expected .from. the. snow-pack in the i high- mountains of the 'Rio Grande watershed and.the greater part of this will, be lost before it ey.er -rnaqhea the reservoir. ; Heavy spring;, summer or fall rains .might.replenish the supply and provide water for' planting next' year if the rcBervolr is completely emptied this season. The snow run-off will-be too late for iplanting next year. Expert Insurance ACvlce . . . Chllton Loan .Insurance Co. . A M B U L A N C E Fulmer Memorial I'lumu 1 2 0 0 BUY ON G. M. A. C. PAYMENT PLAN Come Ip. Aik about terim! Ask for domonilrationl Sec theie features! Â· Only wml\Â«r with Llfttlmi rarctlaln-on-ilnl flnlih Â· New ityllns -- all conlioU In *aty rtach Â· UnÂ«l*rwÂ«t*r SucU OUttlbutor Â· No holtlni down Â· Exclutlva Unlmalk MvchanUm Â· Ranldiy-Spln "Hamp-drUi" qulctcly 'IRADE IN YOUR OLD APPLIANCES NOW FOR A NEW * ! Frlifldiiire Electric Range Â· Frigidairo Horn* FreÂ«Â«er Â· Fdgldnlro Waler HeÂ»tÂ« Â· FrigidÂ»ire Refrigernlor .;,..'. ' Â· Frigidaire AutomaSic Washer Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· . - . '!Â».Â·Â· : --;.w. ; - Â· Â· ' . ; . . AT THE .-'Â·' . ' '.' Â·; DRUM ELECTRIC 123 W. Lu Ccwcw Avt. , Phwt 340 W HEN you look at everything a ROADMASTEU has lo offer, ii'g natural lo conclude dial it's priced with the rest of the fine-car field. Sweeping proudly jwsl you, it h:is a distinction that few cars can equal. Stepping niiiibly away from a stop light, it has the willing surge of power dial the very exclusive combination of a 152-horsepower Fireball engine . and Dynaftay. Drive* delivers. It rides the road with majestic smooth- ; ness, and comes to a smooth and gentle halt, in response to ihe finest brakes that Bnick engineers ever developed. Inside, it has spacious room, from side to side and front to back and seat to roof--plus a softness of cushions and a richness of fabrics which bespeak the custom standards lo which it is built. All you could waul in a fine car is here in abundance. But donVlel that mislead you into' Â· deciding "it's too rich for me:" If-you've looked into 1951 car prices generally,'you'll "disc 1 over diis: Yon can own a RI/AUAJASTEU for just a shade more than an ordinary car will cost --and for several hundred, dollars loss than ihc price tags-usually found in "die fine-car field." AVhy not look into ibis today? EflinpJHrnt. attYjworiM, (rim and mtxMl ) ore IHbjtct fo rimrifle tcittiout nolica. Smwtt Buy in fine, COM no \ i ) \ i \ S T i : i; diatom lluiil by IftticA CULLOM BUICK COMPANY, INC. 3158. MAIN,, . PH0 ^E1016.
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